(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A Dictionary of Hymnology"






A DICTIONARY OF 

HYMNOLOGY 



Setting forth the Origin and History of 
Christian Hymns of all Ages and Nations 



Edited by 

JOHN JULIAN, D.D. 

VOLUME II P to Z 



v> DOVER PUBLICATIONS, INC. 

^ NEW YORK • ' NEW YORK 

K - - 

N 

X ■ 



First Edition January, 1892 

Second Revised Edition with New Supplement June. 1907 



This new Dover Edition rim published in 1937, is an unabridged 
and unaltered republication of the Second and last Revised Edition, 
The original work appeared as one volume but is now bound as 
two. It is published through special arrangement with John Murray. 



- Manufactured in the United States <rf America 



A DICTIONARY OF 
HYMNOLOGY 



876 



flAAtN IIPOiHAOEM *0 ATA1U1N 



P. C. 1L, in the People's Btpaiial, 1667, i.e.! 
I>r. Littledale, " Priest, Church of England." 

F, P. Bk., Le. PruHts' Proper £»t. 

Pftbefc Julius, s. of Karl Leopold Pabat, 
sometime Inspector of tbe JJy&L Normal 
School at Erfurt, was b. at Wilhelmsrulie, 
near Eitorf on Uie Sieg (Ehenish Prussia), 
Oot IS, 1S17. From 1398 to 1842 he studied 
theologr and philosophy at the Universities 
of BrWlm and Halle; from 1842 to 1852 he 
acted m private tutor in Berlin, in the Neu- 
mark, and in Dresden; and from 1892 to the 
end of 1855, was engaged In literary pursuits 
at Berlin After New Year's Day, 1856, he 
resided at Dresden ae secretary and teacher 
of the dramatic mi on the staff of the general 
direction of the Court Theatre and the Royal 
Orchestra, receiving, in 1860, the honorary 
title ef Hofrath. He d. Oct 22, 1881 (P. 
Brftmmer's DmUsdte Dichtit-leiticon, 1877, pt, 
it p. 183; *s. from hi) family, Ac.). 

His brums appeared principallT In hla (I) UfeAtrdt! 
*a Jftirn fit <fer Weoktit Arfcmff. Dtrlin. lSifc and 
lil* (i) £*riiHK*tr SbtalttiJiHn's. Hamburg, 181*. 
Thftonljooeln EugUfttaC. U. 1j:— 

0*U 6m Liaktas, komm bnaUdtt. Wtilnmiub. 
&*a4dfci4defa,p. a*), la 1 at. oj 4 1, mUlUd " Fartl™] 
Hjntn." JK as:— ... 

Spirit ftUcfet, «<au hn, wt j»7. In mil, ny J>r, 
It, M^pitp?. In bto MdMitt */ On AtUerlmit, ISsa, p. 
1% nputed In fi> QvvUV ^*i BK, lSBt. No. ita, 
omfttine at. i., \i. [J, M.] 

Pain and toll are over now, Ctcil F. 
Alsuuxder, nis Humphreys. (Ewfer ,©«.] 
Pub. in her Verstt for Hotg Staton*. Ac, 
1S±6\ p. &&. in 6 at. of 6 1., and headed « Easter 
Bven. 'And laid it ill hla own new tomb.' 
8t ltta.iL jxvii. <fu." In 0. V. it in commonly 
abbreviated, one form being that ill the 
American Protestant Episco. Church Hymnal, 
1871, whore st. i., 11, and if., s» altered, and 
the two closing lines of each Stoma are 
omitted. These alterations and omissions 
have gone far towards utterly spoiling the 
hymn. [J. J.] 

PaJgr&T*, Francis Turner, k.a., eldest 

a. of Sir Francis Palgrate, the Historian, was , 

b, at Great Yarmouth, Sept SB, 1824, and edit- 
noted M the Cliarterhouse (1838-1843) and at 
Oxford, where ho graduated In first class 
Classical Honours. He was scholar of Balliol 
(IMS) and Felbw of Exeter (1846). He was 
engaged in the Education Department at the 
Privy Council till 1884, being also Private 
Secretary to Lord Granville (then Lord Presi- 
dent), la 1885 he woe elected Professor of 
Poetry in the University of Oifbrd. Profeeeor 
Palgrave s publications include ;«■ 

(I) JSylU and Songt, list i (1) Art Oaultffite V Or 
Great Exhibition, lisa ; (a) Awji t^^^^j^f , f^ 



lAtriau l^remt. 1ST I ; ilj Bymju, lit ed, law i ind 
nl^ 18(9 ; ar-l *d., 1ST*. Uf hu *j» allied, (s) C«Mta 
lYeomr^o/'^lioKrt/.jrtfi.lMl ; (f) Air H r aJifr Ao<('l 
ftwu. tnth £ifc 1967 ; ind f S) CArymmia, £ seiMlkfl 
From Hvrrick, 1S7T. 

A large proportion of Professor Palgrave's 
hymns are in C.U^ the frre&test immber being 
in the Marlborough College Hvmtu, lSfii) (5); 
Thring'e Cott., 1888(4): Heedcr's On*jrroffo> 
Hanoi Hy*,, 1834 (11) ; and the Watmituter 
Mbey H. M. t 1SS3 (12). These include :— 
L From his Hymn*, 1637-70 :— 
1. BIgb InltiTEn lis aim. (.1IWT.) Jfcmiiw, 
i. H»t of Uioae vh« tai.v« none ntbtr, (1B6S.) (Sm^ 

s. liUdGultif Buvalngssd oi ntght. (<l.v.) Jim 
fun- 

*, 0L1jttirfUlE,0S«Tlftiirdefll'. (lses.) fmnipg, 
S. TVum put vide with audi, (iwr,) Afevthm 

(. Owt Man with msn, tmv Ood »ltb Ckul iboyt us. 

I, 'Iho^nu^I^i«t , T■lce^lptll)•c*lK»,■ (iftfs,) JW-iny 

a, Ttion Hat o«ce, on umtlier's tn«, (isw-TO r*e 
CAfbl Aim. 

$, Tboufliwqlaa^lii atn-WTVi^bt hllrulnE^H, (ISSj^J 
Z«it and J^iuul. 

10. l¥t ntuac Thy Ifvae. 0<rf. (ISS8.> ieni, 
iL From Otter Jr%niri»> : — 

11, Chriit, Wbn art tbovt tbe tly. Artit, Ua U«1- 
tlrfimnd 0wde. 

IS, Lord, t»ir Out tho mlnntes jy, Tile AV« V*ar. 

13. God, Wbo when Uk nlglil was dttp. Jbi^ivw. 

11. God [Lord] Wh» nbtn Thy oro« itm irf^k 
^Giu'n& 

IS. Thrica-bolj- Ifinie that tmmttw Sonnda. f.ftftnv 
^r"(*e Same of Semi. Fmmthm SckwA QupHjian, \tt$3. 

Theee hymni, in common with others by 
Professor Falgrave, noted in I his Dictionary 
under their respective tint lines, are marked 
by much originality of thought and beauty of 
diction, as well (is great tenderness. His object 
was "to try and write hymns which should 
huve more distinct matter for thought end 
feeling than many in onr collections offer, and 
so, perhaps, he of ltttie use and oomfori to 
readersY'&nd he has admirably auooeeded in his 
object He d. Oct. 24, 38W. [W. G. H.J 

Udki qi^7»yoT, iraktv aws, Syntsiu*, 
Bv, of PtoUmab. rjBbrnifltf,] This 19 hymn 
No. if. of his ten hymns, ft is a morning 
hymn of some beauty. It is rendered into 
English as: "Again we bail tbe opening 
morn." Thte tr. is by Mr, Ohatfleld, and 
appeared iu his Songs A Ht/mtit, Ac 1876, 
p. 14, in 98 line*. Another tr. by A. Steven- 
son, in bis Ten Bgs. 0/ Smetim, Ac, 1665, 
it, " After the gloom of night is passed away." 
The original is found in the Aath. Oraeta. 
(kerm. Chrtti., 1871. [Qrwk HjmMdy, % v.l 

[J, J7] 

Hd\iv TTptMTrjXffet/ 6 Spiix&v. St- 
Greuory of Jfotf(«WMf, [To Christ.] This w 



PALMEB, HOBATIO E, 

composed of H. 16-32 of hia •* Hymn toChriBt," 
the full text of which in in Dauid, liU p, 13. 
It is "imitated" by St. Boom in his Hyt. of 
Faith owl Hope, 2nd aeries, ISA], In 4 it. of 
3 L as, " Again the tempter comes ! to Thee I 
ding." [J. J.] 

Palmar, Horatio Bichmond, mtm. doc., 
was b, April 24, 1834. He la the author of 
several works on the theory of music ; and the 
editor of some musical editions of hymn-boobs. 
To the latter he contributed numeroui tunes, 
some of which have attained to great popu- 
larity, and of which are in I. D. Sankvy's 
Snores' Song* and Solos, LonJ., 18S1. His 

Siiblicatioas include Song* of Love for the 
ftWe School; and Uoofe </ Anlhona, the com- 
bined sale of which has i-xoeeded one million 
copies. As & hymn-writer he it known by hia 
h Yield not to temptation," which was written 
iu 1663, and pub. in the Naiionni Sunday 
& Teadien? Magaiiife, from which it paesed, 
with music by tike uuthor, Into his £™gi o/ 
Low, dcc^ 1&74, and oilier collections. In 
AmerUn ito o«e is extensive. Br. Palmer's 
decree was conferred by the CniTsraity of 
Olii«fio ilk 1880. [J. J.] 

Palmer, Bay, d.d., s. of the Hon. Thomas 
Palmer, a Judge in Rhode biund, was b. at 
Little Oompton, Rhode Island, Nor. 12, 1808. 
Hia truly life was spent At Boston, where lie 
whs for *ome time clerk in a dry-goods store. 
At Boston he joined the Park Street Congre- 
gationnl Church, then under the pastoral care 
of Dr. 8. E. Dwtglit After spending ihree 
yean at Phillip* Academy, Andover, lie en- 
tered Vale College, New Haven, There he gra- 
duated in 1830. In 1685 he became pastor of 
the Central Congregational Church, Bath, 
Blaine. During his pastorate there he visited 
Europe in 1847. In 1850 he -wag appointed to 
the lint Congregational Church, at Albany, 
New York, and in 1866 Corresponding Secre- 
tory to the American Congregational Union, 
New York. He resigned in 1878, and retired 
to Newark, New Jeney. He & M Newark, 
Mar, 29, 1687. Dr. Pawner's published works 
in prow and Terse include :■>— 

fl) JfchHifri ifnd Seiat Bsmnipt of Claris* fsntf. 
18*1 (») r*= W* 1 '* biff, a Fob** 1997 I (3) Bow I* 
Ztoftor Mmtfrt tif Hit. C, L. Wattsn. ISM; (4) Ote- 
Irfnst list Am*. 1831; (6) Spiritual frnpriviattni, 
1931, republished u dott JKmrf In 1 911; (t> Wiotil 
**ptAt^aiM4WttoRrriM<knQf]tt}feietitOpini<mt, 
]8W; (T) RmrmbzT Me, btTIis flWji Communion, 1SS5 1 
(S) JTJmilU Oltat Aural Pitta, mitk JfiKcilatianU 
Am, lfi» ; (») fljmtu (^ nty Bblj IRutt, and Mltf 
Finer, lBie g (io) Amu, or (Ik Vnlta Faraditt, 18TJ ; 
and (11) VoKMiy'J/ojJijaiul Qtodiuit, ism. 

Host of Dr. Palmer's hymns have pawed 
into Congregational use, and have won £reat 
acceptance. The best of them by tlieir combi- 
nation of thought, poetry, and devotion, are 
superior to almost all gibers of American 
origin. The nrat which he wrote baa become 
the meet widely known of all. It Is :— 

1. MyfalilUokiuitoTbu. miikin CkritL This 
hyun ni written by the author wlun fresh from Gol- 
l^s, and dtirtug «o «E6H««nt In tucUn^ In Kit 
Ywl. This wis In IBM. The tnttaor bui cooteniing 
Ite «mpooh£im, M I EtTv f£}niL tn w1nt I lelt, bj in Iting, 
wkthltttlB «Bbrt. fbe buhiu. I rectJlect I wrcw tjiem 
wkth wry tmder tmstiHi, tuid <uded ti» Lut Hue -witb 
twin," A «i«t tine aftrrwurdB ta» hjuin was gLTm 
to Dr. Lowell ITiami tin ok, if UmnglitRrioil, In 4 work 
then Mug complted by him uld Iv. xTHisdjigi. In 
1*31 that Tfjtfc wis pvlL us vjjirffval .Senjj /or fbcinl 
t^rrtipt a&a&t t i to tht utt o/flmiiJiM, Jr. mmti 



PALMEB, BAY 



877 



and JfiMit amnpcft iij rlmwu Aajtinfi, «/ Jfetr Tort, 
cmtlowdUHHonqf Boitan. It is Nl). Jil in m. of 
S 1„ emitted " Self Oop*«rjticTi,"iiiiJlirMnpanlhl*JUi 
(be tine by Tit. L. Huon, tliere fivtu u "Jtr Tiitb 
Iftokn np to Tliee," bat aubeeqveiiilf known u oii'nt. 
COrlt text of hymn In Thrlne'i CHf., ISBt) It iii 
pused Into nk-w modem colltcUuiH In til EngUib. 
•ptBklng; cconlrt«s, isA h» been rendered into 
iiiiqktoih Lan^iuge*. Tlut Li Lstln, by H. M. UifglU 
(j. We, 11.), I*f km " Udej Te me* jpecctl." 

I. sYont of everiastiaf itre. i'rmitt fir rettnati 
Spiritual Ijffc. TU* sun apreared la ihe ArfriCvfll 
AwfK, to., ibji, Ho. 1*1, la 4 ft, of i I., md heuhd 
"FmlH tar ■ Rtvlml." 

The hymns which are given below arc all 
in Dr. Palmer's Poetical IFotti, N. Y. ( 1876, 
and the dntca appended in brackets are those 
given by him in that work. 

>. Tbn who nU'st the rear vnnj, (19*1.) <!Jo« 
tfikt Tear, In »e»ei»l AuKTiawndectlMis. 

4, Away from taith mytiJidt tun*. (1833.) BtHif 
Co«mii)rio>i. Appuna In Lawdl Muon 1 * Ptitat 
Aniuu, La t if. of t 1. In tbc OUtnA PrsiK at, 
HT V.. wss. it brzlnB vita tt. U., " Toon. Btsloor. ut 
tb* Lfvj.ig UrHtl.^ 

I, Btlna Hiy thrum with twfal •ytfl. USSi) 
Ubrrtye/AilT. 

I. BttallBr fnu tin wuU »w»y, <1»J4.) Jftenfiw. 
WrJllin at Hew Ha?en In 1934, nod is wry popubir ut 
America. 

7, rhia»[TbyJlio]y day's retuniag, (19340 Suxdag 
Jtaltlins. 

a. lib aw, Hot, (1BC3.) iwitfflaiftiwt 

B, W» stand 1* deep npntsu** (USt.) I*nt. 

This lust, No. 9, in coniooQ with Nos. 10, 
11, 12, ia marked "original," in the Preaby- 
terian Parish Hynvm, 1848. Probably they 
wore giTtn to the editors of that book in ■&, 
and Ikad not previously Appeared. 

10. lad I* torn, Lorf, a mtl (1S43.) Mttt fti 
KUKi. Writun at Batb, Molna, In 1843. 

It, OswvetlybiMlujttaelyrtanbo**. OMUMr^tun 
to CHritt. thta irit mrtirtliiltally bmlttad frtjm Ih>, 
r»lnMr'» flKifcal HToi-ti, 1*58. S. W. IhtfflflJ Sayj r— 

" It vru wrjttfn la the winter of 1843-43, at ■ thus of 
revival, At the prevfoUs CbmtndUlab fetvEral bad btt;ii 
tricelTBd angler oircuniEtaiicea that tnaOA TJoddrfdKe'e 
hj-mli, *0 happy day that Hard toy dolt* ' 4 most an- 
liropriata aelp^lun. Nut caflng to Fepaat It, and neecl- 
he aopwtlihK nlmllti. Dr. Pabniraiinpaaoi the pretmt 
hymn " Enj/litH Jtgmxi, N, ¥,, IBIS. p. 433. 

11, 'Wtead«wannrnto4edajkioimtoiih, (194S,} 
n»(A Ctrntemnlalrd. Written at Bath, Jfaln^ l*4i. 

From 1813 toene comeB a Song break, and 
Dr. Paliuer seems to have dnno do more hymn- 
writing until called upon by ProfesBoi? Piufc 
and Plielps, of Andover, for conlribntbona to 
their t-'abhath Bjt»»-£oe*, 1858, Hia hymni 
written for that important collection rank 
amongst the best that America has produced. 
This ib epecinlly true Of the ftwt four (Nba. 
13-16) from the Latto. 

It, Teaus, Ton J«y of lamina; haaita. (1HS.) Tr. 
ofteentM (rom * Jeira dak-ln UMmdria" (p. HAjIl). 

14, P Bnwl to Kttrini tint, (tsu.) n-. of 
" 6 pica vlatanam " {q.vA 

Id, rjhrlat cut Klmi-, Oieatw lord, (IB**.) ». 
of "Bex ChTlste, factor ouutnai" 

Id. Ooau Bel. afa*tt,-la 1m, (1SS9.) ». of 
" Venl Bsact* Bpliltat" ^q.v.> 

17. Jams, tUH eye* uw mj»w seen. (1519.) 
CftWtt (oast. ttoufA i"u«». This hyma la acmmntea 
by msny M neil ia mftrK and Dlaniy to "My fijith 
lHk> up. to Thee." 

U. Lard, aw weak thaniM Ia vata waald dint. 
(194S.) cm UitfanAtkU. Tbla hymn dealt with the. 
Qiynltrtei of freilHtinatkitL in a mihii and dfeYodi 
nwiiiKT. 

19, larlWSieT'a sovaai tabu «w> brifU aaaaa, 
(165H 1 J7mi«i. 

The neit group. Nob. 20-27, appeared in 

fir. Bobinaou'B Song* for ln« Sanctuary, 188K. 

SO. Laid. Bun wilt brinx the joyful day, (1SS*,) 
fljHinwtalWft of J/mwit. Vf rittm ia Hew Ysik cUy. • 

«, SMtBajnhar,Xb«)Mrt wA (19*9,) *S4*(vJit, 



878 



TALMS OF GLOBY 



15. fesus, lans of Ood, tor mo. (ie».) Jiisut, On 
Wan r£ SvJtwIim. WrtUtn tn Albany, New York. 

ML Tilt not, mj Ekthn, t*Jw iu> (19(4.) Lait. 

M. Woulist taon etsmal lift obtain. (196*0 ffwd 
Friday. 

M, Dona Teens, Rtdmnir, sbtd* Thwt with me. 
(1IH.) BMy CsouBKitum, 

H, I»d, Tk« on ewtfc dMat lne Xfcine own. 
(18St.S_ MOoaihip milk Chrilt. 

IT. nan, &hwut, (rem TbjthnnK an Uf^i. (1BW.) 
Praj/er. 

The next four (Jfcw 28-31) jrewnt another 
croup. They appeared in D. E. Jones's Srajj 
/nr 16s Nete Life, 1S69, end the Reformed 
Dutch Hy*. of »e ClureA, N. IT., 1869. The 
dates of composition are from Dr. Palmer's 
Poem*, 187& 

16. Lord, Tim bast t*ufht oar hearts to flow. 



(ISH.IOrdJmiffes. « XtttHtff iff JfinUltrt. 



W. 



Inward turns my seaiehuif fan. (IStS-) 
«. rJ fesus, tweet UuTfeesn I ened. (1667.) G°«I 
81. J«enu, this CT1 k*ni -within me buna. [15W.) 



i J< 

iOM. 



Tho hymns which follow are from Various 
iources. 

tt. Ofariat, tb* Laid «/ kmes, toTia*. (IBil.) 
tHiwrjitT JVHUt i» Chtitt. Appeared iu the ■Udlor'a 

fijl*. </ "»y -«allf -mar*, IMI. It li i hymn of irest 
merit, ud 1* vilely m*d, 

N. Behold the shed* of light is now rtatdulg, 
(1BSP,) A fr. of "Ewe Jam necHe." (p. 8tft,i„ and 
YarloutO. 

34. M54 (mini shadows let ns ill be wafcuur 
(19«.) A ». of *• Bocte iiirgtntM » (p. KB, i.Y 

». It-tie my heart to TTaa. fAoi so, lHea.l Air. 
of Oor meomTlbl dedo," p. ■«£, 1L 

». Bo]y Ghost, that pwuiaad two. (lets.) WW*. 
imtHfb. Iftom we autber'a Faatt, 187*. 

11. Holy Oemmrtaf, I beai. Tkt Onufbrttr. Ap- 
peared In (be .Bsuton (^tvi^il&HuiUir, flqtumbtr hh, 
mil, 

a. Lord, whu my tout her «*nt» d*fli t«t«*L 
(1*B5 ) jsljr Ohhmuhuh, 

Host of Hw foregoing hjimnB we in O, U, 
m G. Britain, and ail are found in ouo or more 
American hyma-bookB of ituportftuco, 

IF. M. B.] 

Palmer, William. [TuIobi.] 

Palms of glory, raiment bright. J. 
Nrnvtoomery, TlTwtvm in ProtpetL] Written 
for the Sheffield Snndw- School Union, and 
ftrat printed on a broadtheet for u*e At. the 
Anniversary in June 1829, in 6 tt. of 4 1. It 
then appeared in T. EusmII's SA. of By*. . . . 
An Appendix to Dr. Wattt's Pt. G fftn~ ». n, 
[cAw 1S8S, see p. ih, i.]; again in Mont- 
gomery's PtwT* Port/'oKo, 1839, p. SW; and 
again lit his OrvjrfmJi ITpt, 1853; p. 160, where 
it is hended " Hearen in proiiject." It i* of 
more than usual merit, and ii widely nied. 

[J. JJ 

Pange Utrjgua glorioffi corporis my&- 
terluiru St TAomcu a/ Jgufao. [lfo2v <S«ft- 
rounp'on.] On* of the finest of tho medfoeral 
I^tia bymna ; a wonderful union of eweetnetu 
of melody with clear-cut dogmatic teaching. 
It wae written for the ofa« of the Festiwl of 
Corpus Chriafi, wJifoh St. Xhonsoa drew nn in 
lie*, at tho request of Pope Urban TV, The 
metre and tho opening line are imitated from 
Fortunatne. It 18 found in the Eomait (Venice, 
1478; and agnin, ontoDohed, in 1633); JBos- 
WfflWe of 1502, Sartm, York, Aberdeen, Parh 
of 1736, and maoy other BreTiariee. Wher*- 
em employed it was always primarlLy for use 
on Corona Christi, either at M&tina (Sarum). 
or At Vespert (jBotjmb). It haf also been used 



FAHGB L.LNGVA OLORlOgl 

m a procerjuonal en Corpus Chttati, in the 
Votive Office of ttie Blessed Sacrament, at the 
Forty Hours, and otherwise. Stanza v., 
" lutnm «fo *uruHntnu l n with thfi mag- 
nifioent doiology, ia «mt aa a sepsrale hyinn 
in the office of the Benediction of the EUtrtbed 
Sacrament, or during Mas* at the Elevation of 
the Host The test, in S it, uul a d^xology, 
will be found in DasieJ, L, No. 239, the Hj/nm. 
fibriit., 18S1, p. 121, and others- [W. A. B.] 

The lifmn Is found In ins. of the 13Lh «nt. lutbclhd- 
lekn {Aihmolfi ISit, f. IIS) ; la ■ us. of the <nd of tin 
.13th cent. (Add. *)M5 f. 4), ami t Uth cent. Sarvut Brt- 
Tiars (Bee. *, A. ilv. f. St), both now In U* BKtlah 
MDHiint in UK St. Otll Ms. SoS I. of the Utk cent. 
Aln in tFoefonwiwi, 1., Ko. 433 1 BSttltr, So. 99 ; 
XfH^^Hd, i. p. 1M t Cud. Newman'* fljmni Bwfe- 
1(04 1B3S ud 1B6S, Hud otherg. [J. M.] 

Translations in C U. : — 

1. Bpuk, totpi*, tho Body bnkaa. By 1. 
Williams, in hie Jfyf. tr. from the Parisian 
Jnerwiry, 183S, p, 169, In S«fctton'» Church 
ffyt., 1B50, it. i.-iii. of this (r. ami st. tv.-ri. 
fWm another w*r* eiv*n as oat hymn, This 
arrangement, with tho opening tine changed to 
" Sing «fe that blest Body broken," wa« rtpeated 
in Dr. Oldknow'* Htpnni, ftc., 1660. 

*, Wng, *T tmrv, thv Srviw 1 * jloiy, <W Hii 
flub the Bjwttrj pUj- By E. Caewnll, ta his 
Li(r<i Cnthoiha, 1849, p. HI, and agnln in hLt 
rftf*. #■ Poems, 1873, p. A3. It in giren mi- 
ulteced in several RotnJin Ctttholio hymii^hoake, 
and a fen- other collections. In the frvlngitu 
7f>jt. for th) V*s of tt'C Ch.wcAet t 1^71, it bajins 
-with tho line tiiit line, but is considerably 
ultflrad, «irn!*Lii]lj' in st. it. The altentiona in 
the Xem Gong., 1&59, Mo. 373, are also coneidtr- 
able, but in another direct ion, whilst tho open- 
tug line roniaine unchsne^d. In Skinner's 2Wr/ 
cVtkb i^f., IB6+, it is nltered to u 0/ Chritt's 
Body, ever glorious." 

8. Han tao B*dj srlrat ud flntou. By K. 
Campbell, In hit J^s. tfikt JptA^nw, 1650, p. 69. 
This is repeated in ffys. vtei in the Qhwvh af 
St. 7 Somas iAc ilarf.vr, Oxf/trd, 18fil, and the 
jSt. Jfoj-jarst's Hymnal (East Gtlnstead), 187o. 
In the £1. Mirgarefi a. It is attributed to 
" Fortescue " in erroT. 

4. Of tbt tUorlw* B»dr UUias- By J, M. 
Heals, in his Xtditsmt Hyt., 1851, p. 126 (*d. 
186S, p. ITS, with a valuable note). It was re- 
peated in the 1830 Appendix to tha Hymnal S. \ 
the Psop/»*s H,, 186? ; the IFgmwfry, 1873, and 
others, in most iiutancei with slight Tariatioos 
frflic the ode^cal translation. In Br. SchnCs 
CHrisi fa ^bj, N. Y., 1889, it heriw "Sing, my 
tongue, the myetery telling." The alterations 
are by Dr. Schaff. 

a, Binf tho |1titioB> Body Imken, Hanson vt Uui 
worM te be. By J. A. Johnston, in his Etiglitb 
fly/., 1B52, Ho. 99. In the Slid «d., I8S6, ho 
rev rote it as "Speak, my tonguo, the Body 
glorious," and in tho 3rd ed. t 18U1, a* "Speafc, 
tny tongu*, a Mystery glorious." 

'«. BUg the iloitwi *mIt *«!(»», Star U« 
pnoSoui Bload, *o. By W. J. Blew, in his Churoh 
By. 4- Ttino Bk., 1 852-5, nod again in Bice's 
Ssi. from the same, 1870. 

I. Hall, taoh tonpj**, vith. adonttoot By W. 
J. Iron*. Contributed to the Ber. &. T. Lowe's 
Hgt. f<r tie Christian &<nen#, (JaLnebnrgb, 
1854, scad repeated in Dr. Irons*! Hytma, ow., 
ie««, and his Pi. 4 Hjjt-, 1875. 

■. BTow, my t»»(ti», tkM ojsttrj tottm*;. No, 



PANGE LINGUA QLOKIOSI 

203 in H. A, f Af-, 1861, and Ko. 309, reviled 
ed., 1875, ji said jo the Index to be by the Corn- 
pil«rt, '* bated *o fr- from latin by E. t^ivmjl." 
Ibis is, however, not strictly correct. Ad 
fijimipntlott of the ttit shews tut at, i,, ii-, and 
ti. are Dr. Neale'a tr. rewritten; it. t. Dr. 
Nenle'a tr. very slight]) 1 altered; at. ill. Cas» 
wall's tr. rewritten ; and at. iv. a Ir. by the 
Compilers. This tr, is repented 111 the Xyrtt 
^ucAnrish'sa, 1863, without alteration : and with 
a nearer approach to the original in the Altar 
Hymnal, 1884. 

9. <U that doiW Body broken. This (t. in the 
Sarum, 1869, No. 123, laCaawali's altered (except 
Id *t, if, and ill,) almost beyond recognition- )t 
is repeated in Thrine , s Coll., 1882, with alight 
changes, eieept in the crucial at, if. This la 
materially changed in the wording, although it 
rcmaim tie earn* in doctrinal teaching, 

10. 'Wall, aty tufas, the myetwy taLUaf . By 
S. C. Singleton, in his Jnjiijin X, Bk., 1&S8 
and 1871. 

Traaahthme not in 0. IT. : — 

1. OfCnrlstebiibody glorious. Primer, ldM. 

s. Sing toon my tongue with accent clear. Primer, 
leu. 

s. Sing, O my tongue, devoutly sing. Primtr, less. 

4. Sing, bit tongue, adore and praise. Primtt, 
lioe. . 

I. Resound, bit umgue. the mystery resound, p. 
Trout,. 1839. 

6. Tell, Biy toiigiie, the wondrous atory. Bp.Cuietu 
hie Csfiltida Boliadt, IBM <H4 IMX. 

?, Of the gloiW Body bleeding. A B. WflcfeSrdnrtt, 
leu. 

B, Of the Body bright and pidou, In lb, fusey"! 
tr, of tforst'l J'DhwHie <jf" tnsOArfttfcni -Km!, li*7. 

t, Loudly sl^ my toiitrne ! pralelmfng, J, R, Bait. 
1941. 

It. Rpeslc, my tongue, the mystic glory. J\ J>. Cfem- 
hrri. isk and list. 

11, Sing, [myl Hague, the Body glorfenu. if. Jif. 
Oxenjtdita. In Tte EeeUtiatiii, Jan., 1963 ; his Jtsnuol 
o/^UDiipm, 18(W; andhla£tiiteii«tf/iaTf**, 18D4. 

13, Biat we forth In high Ihanaaglvlng, IV. Bright 
In hli jickiFMtJiH and vtvr ftwif, ieti- 

13. My tongue, the myilfc doctrine ling. /. W. 
Btmttt. las*. 

U. Sing, and the mystery declare. Bay Primer, in 
ScbalFa Chriil in Seng, lew, 

14. Letmy tongue the mystery elng. J. WaUott. 
ISM. 

l(. Now, my tongue, ut mystery singing. IV. T. 
Brooke. In hk» £atmcaanii'r .Mutual s/ fntati and 
IHviil* PtvatCoBi, 1SS1. 

IT. Hnt my toagee, tie Joyful mystery, J- J?- JjJ* 
tmrd, in T), Shipley^ Jwu* ^gwctiw, KM. 

Tantnm oijb iMiawtHq, Thia portion of 
the * Faiige lingua," consiBting of at t. and 
*L, and. anng in tbo oOco of the Benediction 
of the Bletsid gacraTOellt, &C, hi noted Above, 
baa llfien tr. by all tbu abovo-Dauied irani- 
latOTS, and each tr. ia gCren as the cqucIohoti 
of tlie orlgiD&l hymD. In & few inataiicea tike 
atanxa« ^T.-Ti.) are given a* a separate hjmn 
In English, o« ia Latin. These Include (1) 
Canwall'a " J>own in s^emtion falling," wbtsh 
appeare in agjue Komnn Catholic hyran-booki 
for miaaloini atid schools ; (3) s. cento in the 
Altttr Hyl, I88t, in 2 st, tbo firet being 
O&aw&Jl altered, and the second tie daxolngy 
flrmn if. A. As It., aa " Etown in lowly worship 
bendingfj" aod (3) Nttle'i (r., altered to 
"B&if we then in Veneration," in the 18^3 
jdraendtt to the Hpuncd tf. 

Dr. Neale'a eetiin*tn nf this hymn f» well 
known. His woids are so few and to the 
point that we ma; quote them here : — 

■■ 7W» bymn wntart lb» eeond place uncng tnoee «T 
ihc Western Obonh -with the YtxUia Suit, fbe Sbxbat 
Mutir, 4« At* **« JKhwrto. the J* Jtortat Jjmi 



PANQE LINGUA GLORIOBI 879 

Aspu,fbe At Supernal, end oneortvni otbeis, IeitIpi^ 
the Diet Jrp lb Jbj wwpptcacli»N* glory," tJM. Hvt, 
M ed., 1»OT, p. lie,) 

Concerning trnnatntiont, and of his own Id 
particular, he says ; — 

" It [Us bymn] b« teen a taw of Dlvesee to liana. 
luors. The uantlatlon above given [ha tm] clalnuj 
no other merit thm an attempt to nun* Uis beet pcitkms 
of the four beat tmntlationflvlth Thigh lam Boanalnled 
—Mr. Weekefbinb^ pr, Paeey/j, ttat rf u» Lced* 
book, md Mt, CwwuU't, , , , . The gnat mix of the 
translator i» the fsurti veree. 1 ' 

Before contitmiug Dr. Neale'a remarks [t 

will be well to give tbo original Lotiq of 

st iv^ which reads :— 

* Vcrbnm «ro, panem yernm tvvo tuitu ellkH, 

FfKnuj suink QnWI menm. ehl e«u» deOdt 

A4 nrnuuidinn cor ilnctmiii tola Udesaualell." 

Dr. Nealo oontjnnea, u I give all the ttana- 
Ifttioosi — 

fl) ■ flod the TVcri ty one waftl nwketli 

Vny Breed Hie t lets to to ! 
And wtaon Hat Cup nHtakttb, 

Tulea the Fount of Calf ery t 
WWle tie carnal mind fineketh, 

Filth lentaa the Mjltety.' LLtetllB.Bk.] 

" Ben the AwonwMnf of the Word, m necenwry to 
the aatltbeitii la omltttd ; and w (met a writer «a 
S. Tbomaaweuld never have need the oprearion t^uha 
uvrti. 

tSJ ' At the Incarnate Wort's Hgb Uudlsg;, 
Very Breed to Ftesi doth turn : 
Wlselwcameth Cbrbt'e BloOD>ebeddlng t 

And. If sense cannot fflswra, 
OuileuieaaptrHs, never dreading. 
May Irom Feitb eullleumt learn.' 
[ITaetoroaris. Mr. Wackerbarth's L 3 reads, " Breed 
toTery ttHh," tx.] 

« Hen the antltheele la utterly loet, by tbo entail* 
tnllon Of AHflrnaU It* Mode MA, Uld (Hddiirfl for 
ewd, to eay rmthlng of J&iid-riaJiiiBjj, fot 5W- 
(3) •'VfordmedeFlBBhl The Bread of nature, 
Tbon byweni to Fleab duet tnm: 
Wise, to Blood ol our Creaur: 
If no unit the work dlnern, 
Yot tbe true heart provm hn ualtor : 
Fattb unaided all shall Jearu,' [flmj.] 
" Here the aotilhesla la preserved, though at tbe 
Nrpenee of the vocatlye case. And sorely 3. Thomas, 
In an tnd dogmatictl poem, would sot bave spolcen ot 
the Blood of oni Cmuor, Mt. CiswaU, foUowlag up 
the bint given ly the last verstoo, and mbetitutbig 
the appetite pronoun for tbe vocative, baa given, es 
from lie freedom of rhyme might be expected, the beet 
version. 



<<>' 



Word made FMh, the Bread of nature 

Hy a word tn Rteh He turns : 
Wine into His Blood He changes; 

What though suae no change dhrijrm, 
Only be tbe heart In earnest, 
Fellh the letsou (jnuddy learnt/ 
"In both tbeee last translatlona [fun and Ctuwolt], 
aewevef. tbe penem wrm at S- Thocfles Is not 
given [ and Mr. Uasirall brings In the Wfifse than an. 
necetaary artkio— ■ By a word.' [It mnet bo nolad. 
IbfttDr, fteal* muet have quoted Caswell Irom memory 
or from aome other nniroii than CairaH'e tgra farAa. 
Hoo, ise*. p. 11^ where 1. a reade, "By hie trard to 
Fleih He tmne ; " and 1. I, " Faith her lesion quluklj 
learna." TbHereedinj , eof1sieanTepeatedlnCu<*alli 
Byt. A Poem, Wll p, «. Pld Dr. Meale mlsrted Cea- 
wall, or did Caewall pnblleh a text dlsllnct from that In 
otolffjwCatJWfco/] 

"Slnee the tret edition cf my book [1851], Bfmni 
Antient ond llaltm have prodbced a trantetlpn put 
together from former ones,— out nearer my own version 
than loany other. Ibclt fourth y*™o is their weahnrti— 
' Word mode Flesh. True Brad He mketn 
By Hie wort His Flesh to be t 
Wine Htf blood t vAfca «*>*» tutrfj. 
JUvi/rimt pm-boJ Dtimgfiit bt/tttl 
ttW> *1Q», tbangh eight fotaaketb, 
9lmw» tnie hearts tbe If ystery.' 
" II I* neeoJew to obtains that the Itallqleed lino atu) 
abalfisnnliiitlieortelnaL >»rjaJbEtJk, , too,lsixantuy 
Engllah. I have substituted an alteration of -5™"" 
Astaeni and *«i=r» iway origliial itb verse, [' There- 
lore we. More It bending. T 



B80 FANGE LINGUA GL0BI08I 

After tliia exhaustive criticism by Pi. Neale 
we miit give his rendering of the nine pas- 
sage. It reads : — 

« Wwl mult Flub, l>r Worn Be mskstb 
Very itaAul Hit Flub to bet 
M»n la Trim ctrint'a iStocd puttkctb. 

And irsewn Uil to see, 
Fsllb sume tie trmj beart nlulh, 
To bebold the Myitey." 
These examples of translations' could be 
Increased to the toted number known. The 
result, however, would be to add materially to 
Ihe length of this article without increasing 
its historical value. [J. J.J 

Pang* lingua gloriOBt proeUum 
oertujolnia. \\H. C Fortunatat, [Pattioa- 
Hdc] This is one of tbe finest of the Latin 
Mediaeval Hymns; and perhaps the best of its 
author. It has been sometime*, apparent!; 
without reason, ascribed to Claudiauus Iffa* 
ntertus, who d. c 474. In its full form it 
consists of 10 stansai of unrhyiued trochaic 
tetrameter verse. In some of the hk, there 
la added a doxology, bat iu very varioaa forms. 
F. Leo ilk his ed. Of Fortunatna'a Opera portico, 
Berlin, 18S1, p. 27, gives it from a St. Fetens- 
borg MS. of the 8th or &th cent, two mbb. 
of tie Stli cent in the Bibi. Nat Paris (No. 
1108, and Lut. 8347), fto. ittme, No. 101, 
prints it from a MS. of the &th cent, now at 
Trier ; a KB. at Trier of about the end of the 
8th cent or beginuiiig of the 9th; a Ms. of 
the 11th cent, at St Gall, Ac. It is found in 
a 10th cent Mozarahic service book iu the 
British Museum (Add. 80846 f.TO); in four 
Has, of tiie Hth cent there, rfz. two English 
Htmnarie* (Mart, 2961 f. 540 ; Vesp. D. iii. 
f. 120 6); a Spanish .BretiMiry (Add. SOSlfi 
f, 100), and a Sequential^ written at St Gall 
(Add. 10768, f. SI 6), Ac. Also In JJuiwel, i. 
No. 140, pnd itf. pp. 67, SStS, from a Bern Ha, 
of the 10th cfmC, and other aoarct*. In hia 
notes Daniel quotes the following stanza: — 

"Qucdojndu orW» silo Victus m iniik 
Et crude tu« tropwwn Inter attr* fnlairit, 
O si* inxlis uylum et oahitis wTon. 
Dr. Noahs iu translating this verse says it 
* seems ancient," but the only source Quoted 
fcy Daniel ia the Corolla fltmwiwwM, Cologne, 
1808. (The test of 1806, I. 8. reads, "Salutis 
nwSoro.") From the Trier ma. of about tbe 
end of the Sth cent Jforw prints fbnr addi- 
tional stanzas, which are not by Fortunatns, 
but are probably of the 7th oeot, and never 
really came Into use, 

Ttu hymn very mu-lj um Into esWWtre wt, tnd ta 
found in most Ifediaem] .Brariartef mi Jfiuoii. In 
Ui* older Araoa (VeUcs, UTi), Ptwk of 1U3, annuti, 
T»r*V JbsnbcH, and otbtr Bittrferkn, It 1* appolttl*] 
or use from Passion Sunday to Mamday Tbsiidey; 
"tsoiu I.-t. being nu at JfKittt ; und vl.-i. btgfn- 
nine "Lustra mi qui Jut pmcu," at lauit. In tbe 
s™«>. Afln, ui outer JKiult, It I* appointed to bo 
used mi Good f rMey At tbe Improperly >*» "Populo 
negs"^ mnn tIM.. "Oox H4o11b inter omroH." being 
fc«t sang hy i)h clergy. er» » «ob>. rtno it. I.-tIL, Is,. *. 
Jj the BMple t »* stuu bdng Mto«rai bf rWvr tin 
nrat, « Mcooij ("Bite Unm, dntca dimit" p*rt oT 
I*. Ttll. Tk* JMrt>*>, T!»r«i ^enden, (md otbur Brt- 
vkrtet also •pcuintnl it,TflL-i. ("fttit fl*iHii™)fol 
the festlvsl at fl* InvflDtlon of tba Oram (Mky 3>. lit 
tbe Aonati ih™ of 1«M It waa slinnl, tbu llrtt fart 
beginning " lauge Ungoa gloflad tiurrtm ««timu]ls " 
(as unfortttlUt* Ohmge ; tar, ai Bj. 5J*tl« {HilbtS Mit, It 
1» pot to Iht *lmy of th» «nnimiili.n of Mir Lends con- 
BUt wttb tht D*ril tbii, tb* po«t winud hivt tt* loolc, 
but to tbe glorr of th» rtranlt Itssir): sad tbe second 
put Btginiipg "Imtr* m ^id Jun ptmU" t*i U" 
Os«i *Fm, Antmp> l«f, pi. ILbeglni "Lnstils 



PAHGE LINGUA GLOBIOSI 

vex qnljtu pcnctie">. Th» ttit of 16S1 la in tbe lstn 
edt. of tilt mriakm, in iMniei, 1,, No. 1*0, and Cud. 
Ssumjji'i jfyiBtu ftckjia*. less ud issi. Tbe <ni- 
gttul it ■!« In the Lot. Kyi. rf tlu Anglesnaa pjniixd, 
1*61, p. )« (from Ven. B. sILJ; tbe ^muiHtiia 
iSirtlS-., ISSl.p. 84) S&ttltt, No. )■ i WadcaliaJMl, [,, 
No*. t«, T»( Aifniin/tlii, IL pp. Ta-stj F, A- Kurcb's 
Lot. Bjir., 1816, p. «j o. BL Dretni'a ^jmiiorisj 
JIMnfaunii), 1BBI, p. 44 (from i loth «ui .■?.); H. M. 
Ktcglll'* Am^i o/ M< arMmi Pnwt and £#t 181*, 
ud atbHS. 

Wo may add that stanzn li. is perhaps a 
reference to the ancient belief that tbe cross 
of Chrijt was made from a pari of a tree 
wbieb sprang from a seed or bough of the 
Tree of Life ; this seed or bough having beta 
according to one version given to Adam before 
his expulsion from Paradise, or according to 
another version, given to Beth by the angel 
who guarded the Garden of Eden (see the 
Mediaeval forms of this legend in S. Baring* 
Gould's Curium Myths of Us Middle Aget, 
No. it., " The Legend of the Cross "X fl it 
said thftt among the relics p* cured by Rha- 
degnnda for the Church at Pnictier* was a 
particle of the (so-called) True Croas (see 
tnrther under VeadUa Xafis). In stanza x. the 
cross eecma to be regarded, by a oliange of 
figure, as the ship in which the faithful safely 
ride over the waves of this troublesome world, 
after those waves have been smoothed for them 
by the anointing oil that Sowed from the 
wounds of the Lamb of God. [J. M.l 

The older tent as above, and the Roman 
Breviary toit have both been rendered inbj 
English as fallows: — 

i The Original text j— 

(L) P*Hf» linym ^ulssl pntliuu ceitlinuua, 
The first port of the hymn, »t i.-iv^ has been 
if. thus : — 

1. Binj, my toufne, tbs aluions btttl*. By J. 
M. Ntile, In bis tftdiavat ffjnim, 1851, jj, 1, 
in full. In the Hymnal JT., 18S2, it wss slightly 
altered, and divided into the two usual part* 
Nub. 23, 24 (see ii.), the seCund being <« Thirty 
years among us dwelling." These two parts 
were giren in EL A* # Jf, 1661 and 1875, with 
alterations as, "Sing, my tongue, the glorious 
battle," and "Now the thirty y«rs accom- 
plished." This form together with fteale's ti>, 
ars both in other collections. In Ruble's Jfii^> 
ceUaneoui Poems, 1&99, It it given 44 altered by 
Keble, " Sing, my tongue, of glorious wsrfare." 

t. Bhiff tb* s«uUtt avaat aad floriou. Py W, 
J. Blew, ia hi* Church Hy. # Taut £k., 1852-55, 
and in Rice's Set. from the same. 1870. 

9. fljir»*£. my ttnfoffi Hi* vwJ™» stsey. By 
Mrs, Charley in her Voice of Ckriatfm Life in 
&mg, 1858, p. 138. lucluned in the Peoplft H. t 
18ST. 
OOtt ttuuttOam an :— 

1. Sing, my tongue, tbe glorWm "title- -Anon. In 
.Hjl. /or (ktGlumoA Utt *" (*• -Km'tik dure* iff St. 
Ptttr. in JVMKnffhdfm J*W. 

2. SobMiM. my tonjoA, tbe glorious wir. J, J), 
C*mn**r*. IMS. 

a. O my tusEue ! lebuise thegjory. J. b. ctunibett, 
1B6T, 

4. SSs^, my tODgtu. tile irtif of glory. J. W. Stvctt, 
ISSp, 

4, Glni tbe Cn»! tbe conflict tilling. H. M. UBtsjIL 
lnr*f Ahii& tfu. JftKi. e/»* (7. f . e. in fintlAu^ 
Hey. 18B, ind bis Stmgi of tin Cftrttttan Creed oju 
i^ft, 1876. 

(fl.) Lnrtr* »ei fnL jun psnsta. In HUtM fflwei 
tliis is not headed as a separate hymn by 
trantUtore, but in the hTntn-boohs it is 
usually given as such ;— 



FAHGrE LIHGPA GLOBIOSI 

1. Thirty yean uM( ai (welling, By J. Jf, 
Reals, is above. 

I. Bfr lnatna put; H3s lift in lean. By J. 

Chambers, in his J>*oWe*-, 1359, 

1. Twi thiit* tu had Ha, eompletiag. By W. 
J. Blew, as above, tad Itics's SsA. therefrom, 1870, 

4, till the thirty j»**a wtrt tniilri. By Mr*. 
Charles, as above, tad in the People's H, t 1&67, 
4* " Wten. the thirty y*ars were finished." 

Miff trPMllflwi* KM: — 

1. Mow tm Hiriue ten t**« eompletsa. J. D. Clan- 
ten. 18ST. 

*, Tblrtyye«» e'en ™r fanning, .r.lF.flisMtf. 1BH. 

i. Thirty "Inter* bw Ha numbered, Jf. Jf. JOefUl, 
suns as Pt, 1- ebove, 

it Jfcwmt Breviary jTsscf t — 

(L) Imp lingua glerissi lsiimain. <ertandais, 
Of Una text Ft. i. hu been it. thus:— 

Sing, »T tangw, th» BwriMi*a glsty. By E. 
Coswall, In hl» ijw <3itAofi<M, IMfl, ]i. 91, «wi 
hi* ffyi. fy Pom*, l87o, p. 61. Found in a few 
collections In front 4 to 6 t-tamas. In Senate's 
Christ in Seng, 18*39, the opening lino reads, 
"Sing, my tongue, the Saviour** *rtWfc," and 
several other changes by the editor (ire niade In 
tin text. 

1. Soft O my tomgue, the glortou* f ftrwn. Friatr, 

int. 
L Stsg, O my tongue, cevoqfly dnj, £**•* G$w, 

1703. 

3. alng, my tongue. God'* glory slag, C. Kent, 

4. Sing loud the conflict. my tongue, /. B, Jytronf, 
9. aiig,nirtonsi«, wUh glowing; accents. T.J.PaUtr. 

0. Sing, my tongue, the glorious comiai. J, JI, J?«l(, 
1H». 

7, Sing, my Mngne, the contest glorkiiH. H.N.Dien- 
bm, lit his &MCAM <^ /jjifit, IM64, 

s. Sing, my tangtn, the glorious laurel. J. Wa!laa, 
]*Ji, 
So*. 3-S nrj In 0, Shipley 1 * Junius Kiii*t**, lBBt. 

(II.) Laser* *M, qui j*rt *«**lt, tsupn* impltA* 
Hiptfii. Thin put has been (r. as : — 

Thai 414 Christ te p*rfrtt nntjnoi, By £, 
Caawall, u above. In a few hymn-books. 

Other traislatbws u* :— 

1. Six li«dtflr» pa*, th* Sabbath am*. PTi*>*f t I7(e. 
i. Full thirty yau* **t* freely spent. iHijin* OjJiK, 

1)11 

5. The thirty ye»n ba*e i]| been pused. Bp,J,W8- 
iiamt. 1M*. 

t, Scarce ■'* Imta™ *f* cataplMed. J, JI. s*rtr, 1S4», 
J. Soon the jweetpjt bl«Bom mating. S, Ompettf, 
ItH. 
«. Sow full thirty yBBrt irt fpjL J. WWaw, ]*H. 
f . Almdy thirty ye«n have rted. C ffenH. 

8. How, when falltbtrtyumntl nns. J. D. Jjflwanj, 
OttheH Trt. Not, % 6. 7, e, ere in 0. Sblple;'* Juiiw 

Saneiut, 1881. 

iii. Gentoi. 

Several ocutoa nre Id C. U. *nd «e formed 
either from the two part*, or from two or ntcto 
tiaoalitions. These tre : — 

1. B*« th* JtatU-d it? Mh B7%R.Mant, 
This it a paraphrase or f»a ir. ef poctlom of 
hotb parti. It appeared in his Atidst jBjnuu, 
fas^ 1437, p. 52, in 7 st. of 4 l.(ed, 1871, p. Qi). 
In it> full or in an abbraTiated furtn its me it 
extenriYe. 

L HJBf, dj tanfuS] doTtotlx ilnt. In Mur- 
ray* tfynwwi, 185S, Do. 43. 

f, St^i:, T7 t*ni«Ai tbc 8»¥t)m'i glory, Thta, 
in Pott's ffymiu /ffirf to (A» 0. of C Praytr, 
18(1, is compiled almost word for worJ ftona 
the it* of both parts by £, Csiwol], et. L-iii. 
beina; from Pt. i. and ir,-yi. fi-oln Pt. ii. It* 
light designation it n A Conto from E, Coiwall'i 



PABK, THOMAS 



381 



ir." It is given, with slight alterations. In the 
S. P. C. K. CAvi-eh Hymn*, 1S71. 

4. OX within a Icuty nangsr. In £gnnedi/, 
1343, Ko. 577, Ft. il., te tt. 1. froth Cain/ail, and 
at. ii.-iv. from Xkaic. 

5. Slag, my tsagna, the Setfam'i trhamnbr This 
in the &irtun F 186S, No. 106, is st. i,-v, from 
Giraaf/, and it. vi.-viii. from JCra/c. 

1. Vow 4u tMrtj- jttii *«B0implisbei, In the 
ffymnary, 1872, No. 230. In this cento st. i., 
ili, and r. are from Jfeafc, (ind tt, ii, t ir, and tL 
from Ccaaoll, 

7, ths Croaa, than all «ther. In Johnson's 
Englith Hyl. t 1831, No. 2fi7. 

». ITsJaiul Oroaal dam all othae. This In the 
Altar Hyt.f lSS^, is Pr, Nile's ir. as above, 
with >t. viii. as the opening of the hymn, and 
also aa ft chorns at the end of each of the other 
itaniaa, and the addition of the itansa noted 
abov# as In the Ctt-otla Jfynwarwn, 1808, whioh 
Dr. Ifeale gave ia hU Notes as H When, Judge 
of this world, coming." 

When theae vnrious trjinsJetiong and ccotog 
ore all taken into account it is fountl that tie 
Me of thii hymn in modern liymn-book» li 
sxtenuWe. [J. J.] 

FajfeUAftttae, The. [Oreat Syiaudy, § xiT.J 

Fanutof food, Thy works of might 
J, FaweetL [Delight in Qod."] Appeared in 
his Egmnt, io., 17^, p. Si, in 9 at. of I, and 
entitled ** Delight in God." It in used in an 
abbreviated form, from G at in Dr. Alexander's 
An0u*tine S. Bk., 1849, to 3 at. in the Ameri- 
can Unitarian Ujm» [and Ttw*] Book, Boston, 
1868, [J. J.] 

Park, Hoflwell, d.d., of the Protestiuit 
Episcopal Churoh, was b, »t Lebcuum, <>n- 
neotiout, Oct 1, 1807, and eduoatod et TJnion. 
College and West Point, PreTiout to re* 
Helving Holy Orders he was in the nrmv, 
vxti aLn held the appointment of Professor of 
Cbenuatry in the TJniTersity of PennsylTania. 
He waa ordained in 1943, wa* President of 
Raoine College, Wiaconsin (1S52-S&), Clmii- 
eellor of the tame Collepe (1858-G3): and 
Principal of a achool in Chicago from 1803 to 
bis death. Ho d. at Chicago, July 16, 1SC8. 
Be pub. Sketch of Wttt PWn*.1840: P«nt- 
vlogy, 1841 ; Handbook for Europtan Travel, 
W53; and Poem*, 1896. Hu best bowti liyion 
is for Holy Commttaien. It begtna " Jesus 
apreada Hib banner o'er us/' and was jnib. in 
his Foema, 1833. It ia In C. U. in G. Britain 
and Amerloa. [P. M, B.] 

Park, Thomas, f-S-i., tu b. in 1760 and 
il. in 1835. He waa an engraver, bnt fouud 
more congenial work in literary pureuita. In 
addition to publishing Nvgie Modcnue, nik 
original work of prase and poetry, in 181 £, be 
ejao edited asvcral works, including tlie Wotht 
of J. Hammtmd, 1805 ; IfbrAa vf John Dri/de», 
1806 ; the Work* ef tie BrUiA Poet*, In 42 
small volumes, 1808; Poetirat IP'orfta of Isaac 
Wattt t 1807, olid other*, Hia hymn : — 

Hy soal. pTM* the Xwi, speak g*si of Ki» If an*. 
SjXs meiql^e reoocd, fee., P*. cic, or r/Hfv^rtat J'rotw, 
■ppesred la i*i. J Hi,*. SilcCInt/nm RmWl JiiUnri. 
vrM Oecatimal Altimti&ti, fif ute j/ a PnrtKlmil 
Ghdrta. ajr a (SjltJUry dergsntoft. Lo&i. ; Bulmtr 
1907, p. 16fl,lti 5 st. of B 1. ITien? \t appended thereto 
the fflilowlng note : — 

"AifbsBOfWattf losing tbli umscoUtetlenlav 



882 



PABKEB, MATTHEW 



fivoUrfJ Willi Ike ibuVU ]>yuu nwn my ul'Mglug Mend, 
Tills ulmd&t (*toiij»raiKDiu effuplini of Ilia peculiarly 
nut Mid poetie pen <u sxeited by my oxpiifMiinB: (In 
a fetter pilicltinjc some psalmodic iuforuuUon) regret 
that I had only one set of winda for Handel's almplc 
gablLme tune f« tbc lWth Psalm," 

Far thetedefcils we ore indebted to Miller's 
Singers and Songt of tlte Chvrth, 1869, p, 329, 
The opening line of thin liyum is composed 
of the first two lines of W. Kethe's version of 
Pi> tiv, in the Old Vertion, 1501. [J. J.] 

Parker, Matthew, D.D., »w b. at Nor- 
wich in 1504, and educate! at Corpus Chrtsti 
College, Cambridge, where ho graduated fn 
1523. His Appointments wore many and In- 
fluential, including tlisit of Dean of Stoke, 
Chaplain to Queen Anno Boleyu nod Henry 
VIII., Prebendary of Ely, Muster of hi* Col- 
lege, Vice Chancellor of his University, and 
Dean of Lincoln. On the accession of Mtiry 
ho was donrived of everything, and lived in 
obscurity till Elizabeth ascended the throne. 
In 1539 he- was raised to the Sec of Canter- 
bury. He d. in 1575, nod wns buried in his 
own chapel nt Lambeth. His mnnulcence is 
will known, tis also his connection with the 
" Bishop's BUsW He was well versed in 
Saxon literature and. Early English history: 
published sevoml important works; and left 
bin force collection of ancient siss. to his Col- 
lege. His fVtffcr, written in 15S5 (seo Fulton, 
Sue., 5 til), was printed without date (about 
1560 J and anonymously. This led Wood in 
his Atheiue Oxtmietue* to attribute the Psalter 
to John Keei**, of Wells Cathedral. This 
question of authorship is further discussed in 
Fs*Jt«i, Enfliii, § IX. [J. J-] 

Porker, (Theodore, M.A., was b. at Isl- 
ington, Massachusetts, Aug. 31,1810 ; laboured 
witli his father ns a farmer sad mechanic: 
entered Harvard College in 1830, but con- 
tinued hts work at homo and attended the 
College for examinations ; Attended tho Divi- 
nity School from 1834 to IXSti, and became 
pastor of the Unitarian congregation in West 
Koxbury, June 21, 1837. Ho received the 
degree of w.a. from hia College in 1840. 
Changes in his theological views led him to . 
undertake tho pastorate of a congregation in 
Boston, in January 1810. He continued bis 
writing, preaching, and lecturing till 1859, 
when bleeding at tbe lungs compelled him to 
seek relief In Europe. Ho d. at Florence, 
May ID, 1500. Hie publications were numer- 
ous, and have been republished in Gf. Britain. 
An extended list is given, togetlier with 12 
poetio pieces, in Putnam's Singers and Sotogt 
of tie Liberal Faith, Boston, U. S. A., 1875. 
His life ha* been published by Weiss, and by 
Frotbingham. A few of his poetical pieces 
tiro given in American Unitarian hymn-becsa. 
These include :-~ 

1, Id dubar day* mi nlghti at rtonn, Atnlghly 
Imt. "Introduced In a Bcrtnon which Mr, barker 
preached, entitled ■ Tb? Prucllcal EStcts of the E&leal- 
aatkqll Conception of God.'" In /Jrifpiapn aa above, 

8. Thon gnat Frond of all the awis of mem. J^jks 
(A* ITUy, tt< n-uift, and rt* x,(ft. Tbk fa tba origlii.1 
la a Hoinct (see Putjinm te ubuvt). Alt«™d far in as 
tlirasit la TsMsly vied hy Amenciri L'nitorimia ; and 
Is UK given in eoine Ejigllsh lljTMl-bijuli. f J. J j 

Parr, Harriet, wash *t York in 1S28, and 
has published several works under the nam 
de piume of " Holme Lee," including MautJt 



PARSOS, ELIZABETH 

Talbot, 1854; fylw* VolCt IhivghtsT, 1858! 
H'orpn«rf H^o/,1861; Jfr. IrVn^unl'i TFutd, 
18(iT ; and i&vcral other works of fiction. Miss 
Pan is known to hyinnology by one byniD 
only, via :— 

Hear my f«iij pnyw, Q bunnlf Putlur. £«n*nj. 
Tlila boautifal tmd p»ttietlc byma auptarwl in lit r atory 
rid rt'iwi q^ «4 6'ivWot Jtory, nilcn m» tlia Ulirlst, 
mas nnmbfi of Chtrlte Dtdiene'e HoutttmS.d Tfi,rdt, 
13W, The Tftr In which the liymu Is Intrvd^iuii inta 
Oie ttnrj b» been otttn toM, IM i» worth reptaiing. 
'ITip Blory acit ibrHt how the sllip ffoJcitp Jftry. <m her 
i-oyogfl to C«llfoTn|«, BtnuEK on an Iwoert mid tin 
piEiEiuKra, tailing U> the boats, SMflVred prR'ntiuns fuT 
aeveralilaya. To htjaJJc tlie tiint they KJw»(edBt'"tiBa. 
One«f 11i«n, Ifclf T nmnt. » tcIU iinitlj. roloLM aomo 
«rbl9 ^xperJenvee. la v,'hkli In* savs :— 

" What ton 11 be that brluga all tat old thingi oror 
my mtad^ There's a chlld'4 Irrma I and Turn naeil 
to say at my nhUlier'a taee. Plien m were little uiei, 
kaapA tunning through my thoughta. It 'a theaters, uiay 
he t thera was a Utile vrlndow by my bed that I uavd til 
watsk tbem ar, n window In my i«mi at home In 
nieeblre ; and 1*1 nereever alnH, aa hoys ni J he tftirt 
raadlng 4 good {thoet-etory, I would fceab m taflog j( 
till 1 ffll aslefti.^ 

" That was a good n»lbn of ytmrs, Mik; emild ytm 
aay that tfma tlow, do you tnihk ? AomE ofua mjgbt 
Ilka to bear It." 

h It ia aa deaf Ltl My nllnA at this minute aa if my 
mother wa&liere llatoEing to me,"* aaid UIl^ And M 
rtpeated 

" ' H«t my player, O Heannly Fatlier, 
Ert nt lay aft down toftleepi'" fee. 

Through the Instrumentality of Dr. Allon 
it was included in the New Gottgregatiomtt H. 
M, f I85B, No. 945, in 5 sh of 4 1. Siure then 
it has reappeared in numerous collections in 
n, Britain and America. In some hymn-books, 
as in Tbring's OH., 1882^ it begins. "Hear 
OW prayer, O heavenly Patlier," and a doi- 
ology is added. Instead of tlia doscology, tho 
E«T. W, J, Hall added tho following lines 
(written iu 1873), 

" Home of rest end peaca usandbg, 
Whttlier turnn iny k.njkig heart, 
Homo from whence^hro 1 all the agea 
Nev«T dim* shall I dapart." 

This nddifen was given in the Xei« SfUrn 
Hymnal, 1875. In the Pariah Hynm Boole, 1 8«3 
and 1875, it is a Morning hymn, and begins : — i 

" Pniaa to Usee, WboM baata have watchftl lis 
Inrowsh the hflplwa bonis of aleen," &<:> 

[J. J.] 

Pjtraon, EUzabeth, nee Eooter, dau. 
of the Bev. W. Booker (for nearly fifty years 
Congregational Minister at Tavietock), was b, 
at Tavifltoefr, June 5, 1812, aud married iu 
1844 to Mr. T. Edgecombe Parson. She d. 
tat Plymouth in 1873. Previous to her mnr> 
riage (from 18i0 to 1344) Mrs. Parson ton- 
ducted a class for young men and women in 
the vestry of her father's chapel on Sunday 
cvflpings, find to which was given the name of 
the " Willing Class," because those who crime, 
came " willingly." For this class she wrote 
from 1840 to 1844 several hymue, some of 
which came into use through various collec- 
tions incladinn; the Baptist Ft. & H#&, 1858, 
pud othcre at a later date. A few years ago 
18 of these hymns were collected, nnd printed 
for private riroulation hy one of her old 
scholar* as WWmg Clatt Hymn*. The greater 
part of these hymns liavo found a place in 
children's hymn-books, some fifteen collections 
having one or more therein. For tenderness, 
"Saviour, round Thy footftool heiiding," in 
the most pathetic; and for praise, "Angels 
round the throne ore pmisiug," and " What 



PAltT IN PEACE 

shell we render? " the most joyous, Mrs. 
Parson also wrote a few hymns for adults, 
which have been printed for private we only. 
In addition to those hyinna separately saiio- 
tated (ace Iad»x) there are also the following 
in C. XI.;— 

] . Fm aohvh tie l<ift y rty. J"™f«. 

i. Fiihe, at spirit*, we mtrewU yen/ Wi 

5. Haiti a distant voice IsoJIhc, *wiioot. 
4. Hirfc 1 'lit ttar S»vl(.ur «sll», rtt /wrtaifow. 

i. IitbereDo*hrart,iie«rSft\ r knirlKTef J-MwiwirtJi 

6. Jesob, it Ioti to meet. 4'stNitoj. 

t. Loid, ve btai twtur* Thee now. Btwu JKitfon*, 

B. Lurd, wo itiTid tnfur* Thy throne. This i» mi 
iVtered tonnof Jfft, !. 

», Oar Saviour'* yoke Is Baft snd »w«l. Jffttfoni. 

10. This i> flod'i mast IkIj d«j, Sunday. 

11. Youihnil, wot, tod nnpiot»ct«L SeW zndfco- 
K»it w eirirt. [J. J.] 

Part In peace! Cbrtfltfsj life waa 

pMW». SflwA ji*M»Wy fl* Wnoer. [CSoseo/ 
Senriw.] lit pub. in her Fitefa Ptryetua, 1841, 
b dramatic poem, in five Acta, where it is given 
oa the close of Act ill. The persecuted Chris- 
tian* sro represented as meeting in " A cave 
of sepulchre, dimly lighted," where they learn 
that the edict is g/ytiv forth tliAi they must 
perish. Before parting, possibly never to 
meet again, " they all sing ' s— 

•* Put In peue ! Chrlu't lire WMjetee— 
Ltl us brttthe our breath tn Him ! 

Pirt in pttos I Chrkt'i rfeith vu pt*M, — 
Let u* dl* our duth In Him I 

t*krt In patca I Ooriat p«ranHfl git* 

Qf & lift beyund Ine gi»e, 



AYliere til mortal jvtrlfnp gwit, 
tin peace f 



Part I 






'Peae*.' 



In Act v- it is sting again after Vivift's 
condemnation, with 1. 2 changed to "Lei tie 
Use ma lifo in Him." This form is sometimes 
Used AS IP the- Bap. Ps. & Byz n 1S5B, where 
I. 8 is lengthened as " Huty brethren, part in 
penis." This hist line is again altered m 
some collations to " Brethren, sisters', part in 
peace." The hymn is widely used. [J, J.J 

Part In peace-! ia day bettors usP 

Smith Adam, w& Flows*. \_dme of Service.] 
This is altogether a different hymn from toe 
shore. It was contributed to W- J- Fox's .Hi/a 
and Anthem*, 1811, No. 82, in 3 st. of i 1. It 
ig in several Unilarian collections. In the 
American Unitarian Hymn [and Tunc] Booh, 
1868, it begins with st. ii., "Part in peace I 
with deep thanksgiving. * [J\ J.} 

ILapdivt, Vvfufrt) XpKrtov. St. Gre- 
gory of Nashmztt*. [Tht Ghureh of (JSrfet] 
"An Admonitory Address (o a Virgin." pnb. 
in various editions of his Work*, and also 
found in the Anth. Gra&a Carm. Christ., 1S71 
From the latter Mr, Cbatfletd made his tr., 
"O brids of Christ on high," publishing the 
sunt in his Sottas & Hymns, Ao., 1876, p. 125, 
in 2W lines. The original dntes 924-&8SL 

[OuA Hjiim«j t | iv.] [J. d".] 

Parram qiundo aernoDeam. [Chritt- 
md*.] This hymn u found iutlie Sireiut* Sym~ 
X&QHiaeas, Colt ^ne, 1B78, p. 4 1 , the j j fci?tjnwu«i 
ccutMofWH cattioliwrvm, Cologne, 1T32, p. 50 ; 
and in the Synmodia Saera, MiinHter, 1753, 
p. 53, Also in Dtt)»i*J, ii. p, 542, beaded "The 
Mother witli the Sen." It is a Christmas 
Hymn of the Bleajed Virgin and bar Child. 



PATEB SUPKBNI LUMINIS 883 

It may be renuithed that it ends with a versi- 
fied aspiration for the personal fulfilment (in 
a spiritual and mystical sense) of Pel exxvii, 
3-5 — arrows, or even one of them, desired to 
he discharged at one's own heart, such as the: 
young child could discharge at the heart of 
His mother. 3'r. as : — 

1. Oft w Thtt, my iniut SmJsiii. By £. CmwtlO, 
\n til Mamie qf Xtrg, fc.,16sa, p. j»j tndhl9JIV.lt 
P«ml, i*ia, p. i-U. Jt Ii In ue in * ftw Bflmjn 
Citholdf bymD-lndka. 

t. Whn within His HatWs a™*- Ely E. A. Wailh 
bnrn, ibis, ud Intlmlnl In SdiaS*» Cbtitt inSmg, lsss. 

t. Waai I ri*w tb* Hetiur toLHnj. SyH. R. B™ai- 
ler, In Sulntr tad Biiuley'i Chrittmet auvtt, m.d, 

[W. A. 6.] 

Part is her day of grace. J. ileftfa. 
[Cftrirf WV-yji'ti^ ewr JcruMlem.] The poem 
from which this is taken is dated 181 S, end 
was given in Keble's ChritUcn Year, 1827, in 
6 st. of 8 L, for the 10th S. after Trinity. The 
hymn, No. 19B, in Hall's Mitre S. Bit., 1830, is 
composed of st. 1., based upon the flirt part of 
Keblefa poem, and st. iL-iv. from the two 
oaDoladuig staazaa rf the pceto. [J. J.] 

Pastorfl porausso, mlnas. frtuTfoamis 

ii* In Prv-netiire. [Cottvertion of St. Paul] 
This hymn was given in the dttntae Breviary, 
1686, p. 914, and in the Pari* Breviary, 17% 
as the hymn at 1st and 2nd Vespers on the 
Feast of the Conversion of St Paul. It is also 
in several later French Breviaries ; J. Chand- 
ler's if j». of ths Primitive Glmreht 1837, No. 
89, with omiHion of st iii, iv. ; and Card. 
Newman's Hymni Endestae, 1858 and 1865, 
hi full. IV. as : — 

1, The Hunlwrd tlsin, tin wolf nitnru. By J. 
Chiudler, frotrt his latin text H abate, in his 
Hyu of the JVin. Church, 1837, p. 93. It wa* 
included in OWinow's Jfyomt, 1659, and ctb«rs. 

I. Tk« Slutflurd smittam is, nut, to. By I. 
WHIifttnt, in his Bys. tr. from tie fariiian 
Breviary, 1839, p. 17S. It is aatd in sa sb- 
brtviated form. In Johnson's Ungltsti Hyl., 
1361, No, 310, It btjfln^ "The Shepherd stnittea 
pnd laid low." The rendering in W. J. Slew's 
Climxb ffy. and Ttate Bi., 1852-55, "Th* 
spoiler fierw is lying low," is mainly from this 
(r., beginning with st. v, 

8. Tb* Sbqtard now wu mltt*n. By F. Pott, 
in bii Hi)*, fitted to the Order of Ctmfnoa Prayer, 
1861, the PeopU't H., 1867, and others. Ianne 
or two American bcokt «t. vi,— rill, are given t* 
" Christ's f« beepmet His wWier." The nJtem- 
tions ia R. A. $ ii., 1661 and 1875 were by ths 
Compilers. 

1. O Lord, H17 *wict (io hviulUIb «htA«i, Thii, 
in the Symnary, 1372, Is sdspted from I. Wtl- 
lEmjs'fi tr. »t above, with a change in the order of 
stanzas, and several alterations, 

TimilMioitt ant In 0. TT. : — 
1. Emlttca bj Ibe Shtpberd good. R. Ccmptdt. 18M, 
4, Tney smltt the Bhcpherd! Died wUh wntp. J. D. 
Chiuilxr: 18*6. [J. J.] 

Patef empeofni lvuntnla. Cardinal Bat- 

larim'nS, [Si. JUory Magdalene.] Inelnded 
in the Soman Srvnary, Venfoe, 1603, f. OS, 
as the hymn $A Vespers on tlie festival of St. 
Mary Magdalene (July £3), and repeated in 
Liter eds. It is said to have been written 
while with Cardinal Silvio Antoniano he was 
spending a holiday in the conntryat Frascnti, 
as the guest of Pope Clement VIII. ; the Fopt 



884 



PATRICK, ST. 



having proponed to them to see which could 
compose the beat ode in honour of St. Nujr 
Magdalene. The text is in Daniel, iv. p. SOB, 
And Card. Newman's ifymni £ccle«jd6, 183S 
and 1S«5. 2>. as:— 

1. T*SW *r edsstlal Lijhi, By W. J. Cope- 
land, Ln his Hyi. for the rVfe^Ac, 1848, p. 181, 
This ii in C U. without alteration ; sua alio 
slightly (Jiang* J, a*, "Til on that art cele&tii] 
Ught," 1 * in the Hgmiwrg, 1872. 

*. FatW of llg-at ! *** si**** rf This*. By 
I, Ciswstl, in hi) J.ara CaftJiiM, 1S49, p. 16 J, 
and hie hgt ([ Poems, 1873, p. rVS. This is given 
in some hymn-books without alteration, anil in 
others as Ll O Lord of Light, one glance of Thine," 

Otk« {ri. «i« s — 

1. Ftther <st light, Hit ah tires nboTe. frfiur, i«is. 

1. Sweet Fither or auwrnul Ileal. Privtr, less, 

3. Bright I'irtUtuf otleKlil Flune. iVi'sur, ltd*. 

4, O F»tW at tuptrnal light. D. Frmeh, list. 

t> F*tii»r ofnaplsndtnt Ngbt. J. vaJIdci, 1*7*. 

[J. M.] 

Patrick, St, the 2nd Bishop and Patron 
Saint of Ireland, was a. of Calpurniue, a 
deacon, and grandson cf Potttus, a presbyter, 
and great grandson of Odbuus, a deacon, »&a 
h. moat probably near Dumbarton, in North 
Britain, in 372. According to hia epistle to 
Coroiious, liia father was also a decurio, a 
member of the local town (jouuclL, nod a 
Roman by descent. Hence probably the 
name Patriotus, St Patrick alludes in Coro- 
(icm, 5 ft, to hi* having been originally a 
freeman, and of nobie birth. Hia birthplace 
is termed In his Confession, J 1, Bannaveni 
Tabernias. Some buTu identified that place 
with Boulogne • aur - Mer, in f™™, Hia 
mot liar's name was Cuneessa, said to have 
been sister of St, Mm tin of Tours. Accord- 
ing to TirCcbnn'a Collections (circa i.n. 690), 
Patrick had fcur names — (1) Magonm, which 
Tiiechan explains by olurus, lUiutrtoua ; (2) 
Sweat (Suecttus), god of war, or brow in war , 
Mid to have been hit baptismal name; (8) 
FatricitB; and <4) (Mhratge (CotbrigheJ, 
given because he liad been a slave to four 
master*. At the age of 16 he wag carried off 
with many others lo Ireland, and sold as a 
clave. There he remained six years with 
Sfitcho, or Milluc. He was engaged in Ced- 
ing cattle (peeara), fchungh the later writer! 
Say that he fed a vine. In his captivity he 
became acquainted with the Irish Uvugu&ge. 
His misfortunes were tilt means of lending 
him to Christ, ani lie devoted himself to 
pmjer, and often frequented, for that pur- 
pose, the woods on Mount Blemish. Having 
escaped after six. years, he spent some years 
with his parent*, and then was stirred up, 
when still a youth (jmeri to devote himself 
to the evangelisation cf Ireland. According 
to Seetuidinus'.i Hymn (St. Seobnall)i which 
if probably not ranch later than the age 
of St Patrick himself, the saint received 
his apotttesbip "from God," like St Paul. 
Mo reference is made in that hymn, or tn the 
later so-called Hymn of Si. Fiace, to any com- 
mission received from Pope Celestine, an ia 
asserted by later writers. St Patrick does not 
in hia own writings allude- to the external 
source whence he obtained ordination, mid, at 
he speaks; of his Roman descent, it would be 
rtrange Cor hint not to have mentioned hi* 



PATRICK, ST, 

Roman consecration, if it had been a fact. 
From Eome "iuyings" of his, preserved on a 
separate page of the Book of Armagh, it is 
probable that he travelled throngh Gail) and 
Italy, and that he was ordained in G«rd na 
deacon, priest, and, afterwards, as bishop. He 
was probably a bishop when he oomuienotd 
his missionary labours in Ireland. There 
were, however, Christians iu Ireland before 
tjiat period. Failadiui, the senior Patrick, 
wliO preceded our euint by a few yeus, was, 
according to the chronicle of Prosper (the 
secretary of Pope Celcetine), " ordained Mid 
sent to the Scots (tbe Irish) believing 
in Christ, by Pope Celcstine, At their first 
bishop " Palladiua'a mission was a. failure, 
while that of the second Fatriek, which was 
quite independent of the former, wm suc- 
cessful in a high degree. Its success, how- 
ever, hbi been greatly exaggerated; for St. 
Patrick, in the close of bis Vokfeteion, or auto- 
biOKraphy, written in old age, speaks of the 
high probability of his having to lay down his 
life aa a martyr for Christ, The date of St, 
Patrick's mission is not certain, but the in- 
ternal evidence of hia writings indicate that it 
waa most probably about a.v. 42S. The day and 
month of his death (March 17), but not. the year 
[4ti6J] is mentioued in the Book of Armngli. 

St, Patrick's claim to a record in this Dks- 
tlormry is associated with the celebrated hymn 
or " Breastplate,*' a history of which we now 
subjoin. 

1. 9t. Patrick's Irish Hymn is referred to 
in Tiretshan's Collection* (a.d. 6911). It waa 
directed to be enn^ in "all irwnasteriea aiKl 
ehurchee throng! i the whole of Ireland," " can- 
ticum ejus scotticum semper canere," which is 
a proof that it was at tijnt time universally 
acknowledged to be hia composition. That 
regulation was very naturally lost sight of when 
the old Celtic Church lapsed into the Roman, 
(«) The expressions used in the hymn corre- 
spond entirely with the circumstances under 
which St. Patrick visited Tara. (6) Moreover, 
nltbougb all the ancient biographies of St. 
Patrick (with the exception of his own Confes- 
sion, and of SecucdiQus's Hymn) tpeok of aim 
as a worker of miracles, nnd as having per- 
formed miraclei at Tara, Wiere ia no trace of 
euth 4 fact in Bt Patrick's Hymn. {«} Fur. 
ther, the phrase, "crfator of doom," whieli 
twice occurs in it, according to the most ap- 
proved translation, curiously coTKupontig with 
another fact that, "my GotVs doom,"* Or b th« 
doom," or " judgiuent of my God," was, accord- 
ing to the ancient biographies, one of St 
Patrick's favourite expressions. 

2. The first notice of the existence at the 
present time of an ancient vs. copy of St 
Patrick's * Hymn or Breastplate," was made 
known by the late Dr. Petrie in his Wonoir of 
Tara, pub, in the Transaction* of the BoyaJ 
Irish Academy, 1839. vol. xviii. Dr. Pstrie 
eave the original in Irish characters, An iuter- 
lineary Latin version and an English (r- by 
himself, together with copious notes. Dr. 
Petrie found the original in the Libre Uwna- 
oram, in t!:e Librorr of Trinity College, 
Dublin (fv, K 4, S, fti. 19 b> " The tradition 
respecting its primary uae by the saint is that 
he recited it on Easter Sunday, when proceed- 
ing to encounter the droidical flre-worahipners, 



PATRICK, ST, 
with their pagan king, Laoghaim, and hit 

mult, at Tara, the royal residence." {.Lgra, 
IWantww Sacra, 1878, p. 2.) 

3. Dr. Todd in hin work & Jffl/riVji^ Apw&* 
of Inland, 1664, givee a metrical rendering 
of the " Breastplate," whioh begins; — 

" I Irfnd to njsitif UnUy f 
The strong power of in Inrocilloa. of fbe Trinity, 
The fifth of tbe Trinity In Unity, 
Tbe Cxesbn of tbe elements." 

The it,, which eitends to 78 lines, was nuinly 
the work of Dr. Wbittey Stok**. A more 
correct version by tbe same scholar U given in 
the Boris's edition of the Tripartite Life, 1887 ; 
and that revised version, with a few modifica- 
tions, mKcmpanied with ciUR-al notes, ex- 
planatory or the alteration* made cq the 
former version, L) given in the 2nd and 3rd 
editions of tbe TFHinim </ St. Patrick, by 
Dr. t\ H. H. Wright. Dr. Whitley Stokts, 
therefore, is to be regarded ufl the real tralls- 
lator from the original Irish. Dr. Petrte'a 
translation, though bigl-ly meritorious ae a 
first Attempt, ha. been proved in muny par. 
tfcui&» to be erroneous. Th«e ia do men- 
tion of Tut in the hymn. An uncertainty 
ytt exists as to the meanrap; of a few nords. 

4. Iii Dr. W, Macllwnine's Lyra Bibernica 
Sana, 1878, Dr. Todd'a tr, was repeated (with 
notes), together with a second tr. by James 
Clarence Siangan, the opening linee of which 
pie:— 

* Ai Tan to-day. In till) awful boar, 

I call on tit Holj Trinity [ 
flinty to Htm Who nigsAtb La power, 
Tbe God of lie iliuati, Funer, ml Son, 
And VancltfLe Spirit, whicb Tbreo w« tbe One, 

Tbe evtrUstlue BtrinBy.'* 

5. A papular version of the hymn for con- 
gregational use VfftH written by Mr*. Cecil F. 
Alexander, for *"- Patriot's Day, 188ft, pnd 
aong generally throughout Ireland on that 
day. The optuing line* are : — 

" I Und unto myself to-dty 

Tie strong Same of tbe Trinity, 
By invocation of fbe WDt, 
Tie Thrte la Out and Oik In Three. 
" 1 plnd tht* day torn* foi eve*. 

By power of frith, ClnUt'* IncnAutlod ) 
HhuvtUn hi Jordan rl»w; 

Ills desita on Cross for my nlytrilon; 
Hit bursting from lb* splctd tomb j 
Bla riding up tbt bMv*nly mf ; 
H1& coming at tbedsy of doom; 
1 bind unto nyielf towiay," 
Mrs. Alexander's version ia given, along 
■with that of James Clarence Mange n, in the 
Appendix to the Writing* of St. Patrick, 
edited by Dr. C. H. H. Wright (B. T. B.} t 1889. 

6. Another metrical version of this hymn 
was given in the Jrith Ew&Moftioal Gazette 
for April 5, 1889- It ia by Joseph John 
Murphy, and the opening liens are ;— 

" I bind as armour on my breast 

Tit Threefold Stmt wbcreos I call, 
Of Filler, Son, and Spirit Ideal, 
Tbe Maker ud tbe Judge of nil." 

7. The tr. in Stotea and Wright's edition 
of rJt Patrick's writings was set to music as 
a canlatn by Bir E. Stewart, and was per- 
rbnoed far the first time in St. Patrick's 
Csthodrdl, DnWin, en St. Pairicb/a Day, 1S68. 

8. Mr. Thomas Fieocb, Asxiahint Llbcarian 
of Trinity College, Dublin, writes as toltowa 
rea^iecting this hymn: — 

" Tlit up. railed the ■ Liber Hymnarum' betoneHl to 
Arup. Culur, ud bin one of li» vvlumu of tb4 



FATBIS ABTEBNI SOBOLKS 886 

Uubsr OoUKtlon now to. the Llhrmry of Trio. OoLkge, 
D»Wjd. Tben Is no lourUneuy I>tln (r. In li* orf. 
ebuJL It mi ginn by lVtrk la bb aooonat of tht 
bfiun 'for tbe smtlifactlofl of Uh learned/ rtht Stt 
Patrlct totbarjaln Is] tnultlion only, uhrul fcnoir. 
Dr. Todd In bis ft Putrid, JpotUt *f jMtand, p. *u, 
ujj ■ It Is udaabudlT of fcrut intTnnU]-, altbmigfi It 
njy now be dIBcult, If not IntputlM*, to iddOM proof 
io fnnpoTt of lb* tiadltSoti tbu Et. Patrick wu *t» 

author. Petri* tad Todd »i!u tl* tg* of U» 

■i. tcb « 1Mb ant, Whituir fitokea lltb at uUj," 

We may add that St, Patrick's Latin works 
were pub. by Sir Jamet Wart, 1656, in tke 
Jflta ^osctcnflH of the Bollandist Fathers, 
1668, by TWamum, 1S35, and by ethers, as 
It. S. 1/iclioltott, 1868, Mitt Cutack, IS71. and, 
above all, by Dr. WhiOty Stoke*, in the Rolls' 
Edition of the Tripartite Lift, 1887, Tbe 
latter three works contain also translations. 
Tt*. of the whole, or a portion of St. Patrick's 
writings, have been pub. by Sen, f. (HaVs, 
1376; Sir S. ifryusan, LL.D. Trawmliom 
of Itoyal Irish Academy, 1885, and more com- 
pletely in the Writing* of St. Putrick, edited 
by PbtC. ft. T. Btiifces and I*. C. H. H. 
Wright, ltt ed. 1SS7. 2nd ed. 1888, Srxi ed,, 
edited, with nob-s crit.cal and hisforKnI, and 
an introduction by Dr. C. H, B, Wright re- 
viaed und enlarged. London ; BeHgioui Tract 
Soo, 1889. [0. H, H. W.J 

Patrto ftetflTnl Sobolea ooaoTB- Charla 
Guitt [Dtdicatioii of a ChareK.] This hymn 
ia appointed for nss at Lands on the Peast of 
the Dedicatkai of a Church, in tbe Settt lit*- 
siorjr, 1702 ; the Paris Brnrifoy, 1 680 : ai>d later 
French Breviaries. It la baseofeu IbJe " Ubritte 
ennotomm " (p. an, U.). The text it also in 
Card. Newman's Hgrntii Etettttat, 1838 and 
1886. 7>, as : — 

L Q "»7«rf of Ooi abnt. By L WiuLsms, IB 
the Dra«A Maaaxine, July, 18S7, vol. iii. p. 33, 
and again in his Hgs. fc". from the Pdrltiaa 
Brttkvt/, 1839. Thi» tr. is r»»ly found In its 
original form, lb 1858 it was given, ranch 
altered, in Mnrray's Etpimal as No. 80. This 
was tht received teit until 1861, when the 
Compilers of B, A. $ Jf. praductd anotlier teit, 
which *up*rsefl«d both it and tht original. Tkii 
text U thus winpossd : st. :., Williams ; ii. Mnr> 
ray t altered by the Compilers ; iii., iv., Com- 
pilers; v., vi., Murrny; vii. r Hurray and the 
Compilers. This Wbto is the most popular Form 
of the taxt, but the worfing of St. U, hs» under- 
gone seT*i*l chflUjat, 

I, teta, wl buini God. This readerinj it 
in the Htftiwary, \fi% mid i» atttiunted in the 
IndeJ to " 1. Williams." Of I. Williams's tr. 
three lines only tie found In the hymn, and 
these »re in tht licmjlcgj. The rest of the hymn 
Is the text of I. Williams rewritten. 

To translators the cttu of this hymn kaa 
beeu si ii., which reads : — 

" Hkucrl fimtla istlct* aborts 
IndiU pnrgiot maculsm re«losj 
Hfcetinfmum EOVAmeratnatbTlMo 
Cbrisma conptst." 

I. WWamt translated this :— 
" Then dwelbi In (bit deep foul 
Anointing souls to lave. 
And from bnuttb tWa holy aiMurt 
Qom forth lb* hcsllaf t»»**." 

In Murray's Hymnal, 18SS, it reads :— 
" Ones tn ttda Font is slered 
To clssnst etcb infllf ebUd ; 
Tit* ovtrifs Mat mointlug poured 
Bri|liten> tbe one? denied.'' 



88G 



PATbta saPieHtia 



This is changed in B. A. 6s M, to :— * 

" Here from tin Font Is JrOami 
Qraceon aacbadnful child ^ 
Tbe West Anointing of tin liord 
Brightens tin ou« denied." 

The Tendering in the iTymnary is . — 
" Here In the Font are fftreinu 
To> cleanse On aln-deflled i 
Here God the Spirit with Hi* strength 
Enduws the sen-born cblli." 

Ia addition to this staoHi Williams's ir- of 
at, v, and vi. have been either subjected tg 
great changes, or auperseded oltogetlieT- They 
Eftve not however the mam doctrinal import- 
ant us at. iv. [J. J.] 

Ptvtris Bapitmtia, Taritae [bOHitaB] 
dLviQsV [pHssiwiiiile.] This u the best ana 
moat populur of the metrical Hours of tin Pas- 
sion of our Lord, which were commonly used 
In mediaeval times. It ia probably of the 
14th cent, and consists oF 8 stanzas, viz. one 
each for Hati-nt, Prime, Terse, foxtt, JV.M*, 
V^tpen, and Gtnapitns, with the concluding: 
stanza — 

" Hrthorascancnlcascumdevcllcnc 
Tlbl Jem rtoolo pla latlone, 
tjt aicut In puiadt tm poems in Sgcne, 
Wc labors conftojiami coOtutJ stun onfuBme," 

JHJme, No. S3, gives it from & Behrhen&n 
Ma. of tlie 14th cent, (where it is ascribed to 
Pope Benedict "XIX, who d. 1312) : a MS. of 
the Uth cent, at Cobienz (where It is aserihed 
to Popo John XXII., who d. 1331); a us. of 
the 14th eent. at Lichtentltal (where it is 
ascribed to Aegidiut, Abyt. of Bourses, wlio d. 
131 G), and other sources. It is ia a MS. of the 
15th cent, in tlic British Museum (HarJ. 2951, 
f. 13£), tau 1400, in the Bodluan (Bodl. 
US. 1, 40 b. Ac.), a MS. of tlie Uth cent, in the 
Bodleian (Zidwtf. Misc., 251. f. 1516), and 
others- The text will *leo be found in Dastiel, 
i., No. 433 ; WnckttMiQeU ?., No. 267 ; N tale's 
Jty. &"£■• Ifi5 L P- i* 7 ! dossier, No. 115; 
KBHltjtfdd, JL p. 819. Tr. fie : — 

Circled 1)7 His •nestle*. By J. M. Neate, in his 
Medwenal Hys., 1351, p. 05 (with a note), and 
in th* People's H., 1867. Of this tr, at, i,-iii. 
And part of vii. were given in J. D. Chambers's 
Zavda Sj/tm, 1657, pp. 188-170, the rest of th« 
tr. therein being by Mr. Chambers. 

Other tni an : — 

1. Ha tint la tbe gnat profound^ Sapience. &f,iMi 
#>ryiur, Parts, IG3S. 

2. Tlie nlmlcime of Ite father, and truth dlvyne b*. 
syde. iTittur, kg*. 

3. The Father's wisdome decne. yrimtr* IBM. 

4. Tbe Father's wisdom. Truth divine, ltv>w. 
im. 

s. As night departing brings tbe day. fWater, ires, 

5. The wisdom of tbe iKHvenly Father, Truth 
divine- D. fVaich, isao, 

T r "Twaa at tlie solemn olatitifl'-liouT, J", J. JpEralrd\ 
In D. SMpny'a Jnniu Kr.Ft-la.1, ISM. 

This liymo has often been tr. into Geruiavi, 
and Ibrongh th» Following has passed into 
English, viz. : — 

fJiriitin, tor nna »U( mseht. A free if, by II. 
Wtia*, hi the Jfjuj natal/ touclijtn, Jung Buaal»n, 
1SSI, ind tbence In Wodbiffl^eF, Hi. p. IBS. and the 
Phu. i. S. 1HS1, Wj, S», Th* <M. of tbia ars;^ 
(1) ■' Christ, by wbote sll-ta<ring IJxht," bf J. C 
Jaccbi, I M(, p, l (1T351, p. 2f). <3) " Cltfist out btrtued 
StTicur,* a& Sq. SE3 Id pt. II., 1T46, flf Ihe #>ravuin 
JT. At., 1T«. In ttifl eS. 17ffl9, llsj, 1S0I It begins: 
"Christ, wl» hutvb db hy Hfa cross, " In liiler eds, Iwo 
Mamas «K onitlnutd. Tit, ; it. vl,, '■ Whni tJi» Lord cj 
Gl«y dlsd" (ih*s. Ifo. osTJ, and el, v|lf„ "Cnnt, O 
Qrlut, my Sod nd Lord " (i«M, Mfl. Hi), (a) ■■ Christ 



PAUL THE DEAOOK 

the AnlboT ot our pw«," by Wis* Butllnnhsai, In tbe 
BrittA BtraM. April, ISftft p. Ma, and fteWn Protu 
M„ 1S». [J, M.] 

Patsike, Johann BamUeL, was b. Oet. 
2A., 1727, at Frankfort a. Oder, in ihe house 
of his grandfather, hia father being: »n excise 
officer at Seeluw, nea r F tunkfurt. He entered 
the Univeretty of Frankfurt in 1748, and in 
1T5I ireut to Halle. After completing his 
studies he returned to Frankfurt as a can- 
didate of Theology. In 175S, by the recom- 
mendation of Die chief court preacher, F. 8, 
O. Sack, of Berlin, ho was appointed by tho 
Margrave Heiiirich von gchwedt, as pastor at 
WomiBfelde and Stolsenburg, near Landaheig 
on the WaTthe. In 1758 he had to flee before 
the invasion of the Buaaiau troops under Geue- 
ral Fennor, and on his return found every- 
thing in desolation. In the beginning of 1759 
he became pastor at Lft'tzen, near Fmokfurt. 
FiriAlly, by the reoommeiid9.tion of Hie Mar- 
grave, lie was appointed, in 1762, preacher at 
the Church of the Holy Spirit, in Jttngdeburg, 
where he became, in 176B, pasljir and senior 
of the Altstndt clergy. He d. at Magdirbnrg, 
Dec 1*, 1787 (iCocA, vi. 398; Ally. IkvU&g 
BiQQ. xjy. 239, Ac.> 

Patike was a titan of cofiftidcrable talents 
and of a lovable nature- He was dlao very 
popnl&r as a preacher. His poetical -work 
began very early, his first volume of Gtdithte 
appearing it Halle in 1750. His hymns ap- 
peared mostly in his weekly paper (tlie first 
of the kind in Magdeburg) entitled Iter Greit, 
pub, from 17C3 to 17G9, and in his MuMk- 
alitdte (fedichte, Hagdoburg and Leipzig, 
1780. The latter contains a aeries of cantatas 
which had been set to music by Johftnn Hein- 
rich Rolle, music director nt Magilebmg, and 
performed daring various seasons of ■winter 
concerts there. The Only one of his hymns 
(over 20 in all) whleb has passed into 
English is ; — 

Iflht den Herm ! tit llornasaanh Jforning. Pub. 
ia 176*, ss above, p. 73, In 3 et. *r 4 I,, ii the opening 
Lyma ot his cantata, entitled Jitl't Tad, Included, as 
Ho. L0T1, Is the Stotltxrg bei Aachen (?, £., lBte. 

This c»nt»t* in la l^sn dated nss. It tppeired, set 
to mmlc by Hulls, a 1/tr J\xl ,lWi, tin muiiheilisclutt 
Drama. 4t Lslpalgv l'i'1 1 ; th* hymn Above being at p. 1, 
entitled, "Hymn of Fraioe of the rlillirta DT AdMl 

J17SO ed. of Abel) In Uiilr bower." The cantita ic ItaetT 
uunded on iter Tmi J&slr, by Salomon Oeaaoer [b. at 
ZOIfcb, AptU 1, 1730 j d. at ZUrlcti, hludi i, 17B7], 
Which first appeitcd at 20rich to 176a, bmainft exceeds 
tagly papnkr, tni *•* tr. into virtuus laugoagu. uim 
of the Xngljsh versions pefeJug ihrough laum tlian so 
edjlkint. The pnessge used by Palike tot his hvmn Is 
a perthm or Koolt l„ vii. a part of Abel's Sung of Praise, 
tusg nben he was in hl> rjovrer ullh M& « lie Tlilfia, 
and which begins, " Wekbe Au Schlif tch J«lem Aug." 
Tbe tr*. In C< U, from IVtzke aie ;— 

I. Pralsa the Lerd, whin bluahlae nununpF This 
apiH'ars, » Ilium! Eaue of author, in the ^meriean 
LtoLarlan Claeahife Asboc. f^oli., 1S4< H as Ho. C9S; and 
the Hk. q^JJ^a,, 1B4S i and In &u^l^nd In fc]. Cooilduld'H 
Coll., 1B60, It la in i st , et. I., II, , being fairly chj&e in, 
of at, |„ il., of tlie Qermau, wh|l« at. Iil. a Iv., are ^rac* 
tioally arlginal l^ngliah BbLnxaB, 

S. Pmiw ti?Ljrrj; the ao* rf oonunr. Thitiaa 
full but fne* version bj- Dr. J, A. Sriaa, as if o. *S In tbe 
SunrJoij ftjiooi JT r gk_, Philidtlplltii, JS73, of the Gen, 
Cooncll of tin I.utieran Cb, in America, [J, M.} 

Paul the Deacon, s. of Wamcfrid orWine- 
frid, was b. at Friuli, in Italy, eirea 730. He 
studied at Fftvia. For some time he was tutor 
to Adelperga, daughter of Desidcrius, the Inst 
of tlie Ldmbjinl hin^e. end then lived at the 
court of her huslwnd, Aficliisins of Beiiwenta 



PA1JLE DOCTOB EflBEGlE 

Eventually he became a monk at Wonfe CSm- 
itinci, where he d. eirea 799, He was the author 
of servers! works, tacludtrig J>e Gett, Jjfngo- 
bardorufa. Hia hyinn, " Ut gueant laiis re- 
sonate fibrle," in tjirea parts, la annotated In 
full under IT. [J. J.] 

Faille doctor egregie. ,S£. P«t«* Do> 
tHimti. [St. PaalJ In 17&miani'a Opera, 
Piirie, 1642, toI. ii'. p. 11, entitled "On St, 
Foul the Apostle." Alio in Daniel, L, No, 
195 ; Jf/jins, toL 145, col. 912 ; Basket-, Ho. 32, 
£c. In the Bj/mnal lf„ 1654, the if , is 
heiided 2WxiDw)M'jit (q.¥.) in erroi\ Tr- a« ; — 

let Geaglei raise the thankful levy. By J. M, 
Nesle, iu the Hyntiwl If., 185+, No. 87, with the 
omixiion of at. ii. Thi» is given in the flymimrn, 
1872, as " To Thee, God, we Gentiles p*y," 
and la the AntipAonur ami (jrotf, 1380, nmi the 
Bjfttt*Bf, 18&3 (with a (C. of et. ii.), «6 " Prom 
tie*, Illustrious Teacher, Paul." [W. A. S-] 

Payson, Elisabeth. [Fnstiu, B.] 

Peabody, Oliver William Bourne, 
twin-brother of W. B. O. Feabody (see below), 
was b. at Exeter, New K&oirwbire, Jnly 8, 
179} ; educated at Harvard College ; followed, 
the legal profession for a time * wrote for the 
putts ; was Professor of l^jjliah Literature in 
Jefferson College, Louisiana. (1S42): and 
finally Unitarian Minister at Burlington, 
Vermont, where he d. July Si 1847. [J. J.] 

Peabocly, William Bourns Oliver, 
CIV, twin-brother of the above, was b. at 
Exeter, New Hampsbire, July 9, 1799, and 
educated in his native town and at Harvard 
College. Leaving Harrrird in 18 17, ho taught 
for a year at un academy m Exeter, and then 
proceeded to study theology at the Cambridge 
Divinity School, Ho began to preach in 1819, 
aud become the Pastor of the Unitarian 
Congregation at Springfield, Massachusetts, 
in October, 1820- This charge he held to hi* 
death on May 28, 1847. Hia Memoir (written 
by ki* brother) was pab. with the 2nd ed. of 
his Ssmmtt, 1849 ; and hie Literary Remain* 
followed in 1SS0. " Re was a man of rjro 
aoeorctpluhinents, and consiurjmate virtue," 
whoso loveliness of character impressed many 
outside his own sect Id 1823 lie published 
a Poetical Catechitnt for the Young to wfaioli 
were appended some original hymns. He also 
editod Tits Spriwjftetd QdU&stiM t>J Hut. fox 
Bacredl Worship, Springfield, 1835. A few of 
bis hymns also appeared iu tliat collection. 
His hymns in G, U- are ; — 

1. Behold 1 11* **ji*nl evening light. iJeof* af tht 
JHg*.kaui,<n Jvtltmn Ernti-Hj/. Pub, hi hit catoflimt. 
Mix, in f ot. of J t., and ngAln in his ^jrVflo/tsM Coll., 
leas, No, an. It It in C, U. in its original form; <lw> 
M altered In Iho Ijxdt U, LI:.. 18W; aid *jt«la «e 
nltoreit oy George Hanson in the Kin, II. 4 jfjf(„ isss, 
wkere it rtuU " How softly on the wtittni hills." 

1, <3t& Qt the uitn'i axtauoed plsini. Hymn cf 
Satarx. This it Is. Griiwnld'B Pk(i snrf Fotiry 
o/ Jtnurim,, In e et. of i I. Thi* It ditHight or some 
to te the pHdoction or hit IroUHr OLItw (seesvovc); 
tyit PuinaiM unipt It io Wlllliun. It is given rtrtmvi- 
*6bJ in a fcv mlkotloss. To* t™a * Cod of the 
rolling oibs Above," in the Buston l)nit*ltnll 11$. [hjiiI 
TvtwSBIt., 1%S&. nl others, tugiae vltli St. v. 

3, wbea ti» bum it lift in vut, ri/ Ktreafler. 
Thii hvmn. In « et, of 4 1„ via given In Ills Ontcwtm. 
L03J+ IB (be ^n^wer %a " QncgiLon xlv, ^Vtut do yua 
HUln or t3ie F\itnra Suite qif B^ppln^B^." It la in une 
In Ms fliistail form, ivnd «i]Ci nlkered tuj " ^Vben fill 
(he hoare of lib: itc jut." 



PBAOEi D0UBTIN& EBABT 887 

t. H» rnuon Is uj ! h»w tslm sod slow. Awn^nfi, 
A [muhii rather thin a hymn, la * it, at 4 L, >bpeoded 

6 . Who Inigntcir rani and iKv tkui, iSprJnj, 
Apptntol lo hie (Mttkitm, 1SSS, in e el. nl 1 L 

The full texts of sdl these hymns are in 
Putnam's Sitaert and Songs of f&# t/ibital 
Faith, Boston, U. B. A„ 1879. [F. M. B.j 

Peace be oa thia rtouee beBtowed. 
0. Iftstar. [flmcseftoU Pecuw (terirafl] Tkui 
hjma, althaugh beginning in n ehnilar man- 
ner and en the earae subject as the next 
below by Wesley, is altogether a different 
hymn. It was pno, in iho Hys, <S Sac Poena, 
1712, p. 157, iu 3 sit of 8 ].,owJ entitled « The 
Stautation." fP. TPw^ 186S-7!, toI. ii. y. 
£19.) It was included is the Hi*. H, Bk., 
1780, No. 167, and lias since passed into 
several Methodist collections. [J. J,] 

Peace be to this habitation. C. Wet- 
Uu. [ifmiseTialit Peaoa desired."] Thiit is No. 
85 of hi* " Hys. for Behevers," whkh ap- 
peared in Sys. & Sao. Poems, 17*9. vol. ii., in 
(j et, of 8 h, and headed " On entering an 
Hoiuie." (P. Workt, lsaS-7£, toI. t. y. -63.) 
It is not in C. U, in its full form, but as 
follows : — 

1. feiua te to this bdritstltn, This, ft* gl^en la 
Collertll's Htl^, 18H, Bo. 33«, was compowsd of et. I., II. 
(nun this hymn (at. i. end vl.) iltfred, and et. ill. from 
J. Newton {"Ms; the gnce of Cbrtel our Savloui">. 
Thle text, wltti eligbt cliiDgfs, *nd the umlaloo ol toe 
stsnuftvjm J. Benton, wee liiDJdd Autm u> modem 
hybiKHbooke through MrmtfloEnay'ft rtrittion Fialmitt, 
1B31 ; ftrndet'S CbiHjT. A *E., ISaS j the li.pt. J>*. ii/**., 
iaS9, mil Dth«n, The doiolugy In W, F- Stevenmn'B 
^fj. /or tf Ituroh iLtut Abnc, 1HT3, 1^ CoiHlerV " rraleo 
the liad gT all crettlmi," vhlch ippenrtd In tho Cw, 
A M, lass, No, ssi, Jt give* « etately flnlah to Iho 
hymn. 

S. Jwue be to toil eaoreil iwetUnj. ThK in |bo 
Amtolou SiKxifjl JT, Alt,, ISSS, «Jjd ctlneqi, la Cotte. 
rlira et. L, If,, ab altenil in llantajpflierr 3 * CAr/itfan 
/>ralinii( d 1*25, iratri slljlitlv ellered to adtpl II Itw 
better Jor iMMh Wwihip, 

S, Jeiut io to this coigngsuoB, This is ^o. ? with 
lUrluer dunces. It Is Ho. II In Hie American Units 
rioa Hft. o? tie J^iiiir, ISM. Tin iltctslkm ot the 
Irtt line le found Is eome of the earlieit edithnia of Iho 
Lodj Hontlngdoa cWlccfi™. 

ii these foima ol (lie test tie in eitenslve use, and u 
they differ somewlisl wldelj- tfoni Wesley, ne n^wnii 
ete. I. ind vl. of his original :— 

"Petcobetatbla lubitaUnn! 
I'eBAe to every aoul herein 1 
l^KO, the JorEtHBto of salvation, 
Fesoe, tie seal of wncell'd sla, 
Pww* that epeaks Its heavenly Giver, 

Ff»K to earthly mln>l> usknvwE, 
Faace Divine, tijat tiHta fur ever. 
Here erect Its slurlons tlnone ! 

" Mute of peace, if Then art near us, 

FIk in all our hearts Thy home, 
By Thy last appearing; tueer ua, 

Quickly let Thy kbgdom come : - 
Amener all our expectation, 

Give our raptured souls to prove 
GkitluUi, uttrnnost solvation, 

Ueavooly, OverlasUng love 1 " 

1. Tuit, Lord, ilia LalriUtion. la the Fhiladelptiis 
SW, qfBynuts, 1«61, tlib i* oomwHed of Weele/a at, 1, 
11. l~i i ft. ill., 11. 1-4 ; and 61. vl. elightly altered. 

[J.J.I 

Feaoe, dc-ubtiuf heart, my Qod'a I 
am. C lT«tuw, [P«(« wiftt God.] let 
pub. in Hyt. and Sac. Poems, I73ir, p- 15S, in 
7 st, of 6 X, and baaed upon Isauili xliif. 1-8. 
<P. ITorls, 1808-72, vol. i. p. 135.) It wns 
Kiven in full in the Wee. B. Jt},:, 17S0, Nov 
iJ61, and subsequently in other Methodiat col- 
lections. In addition it hi found in some 



&8S PEACE, PERFECT PEACE 

Church of England hymn-book* iu 5 sta, m 
form given to it In Toplady's Ft, <S ITy*., 1776. 
From it als» the following hymns are de- 
rived; — 

1. For mt idfh mc, Iatbar, ataad. This Is Uarll- 
ntau's tau, 1M) and lata, iswmptwd of at. Jv., 11. 
»n4 vL tlisMtlf iltaraL 

j, $tm nia* n*i 4 my Savinr, standi Tbla, In the 
Dap. SI. «/ JTtfaiiU, 163s, Mo. All, ud to* Bap. P t. & 
At, iss*. Ho. <s>, la t cento, at. 1. asinc n. Iv. rf 
this liynra, whUa it. li. la U. i?L or J. Wealay'* <r. 
tnintbi German " J*»u, Thy bonMlsai lorn to me." 

G. J. Stevenson's note on Wesley's hymn Jn 
his Xd\. H. Bk. NoUt, 1863, p. 309, ia of 
more than uau&I interest. [J- J,] 

Peace, perfect peace, In thin dark 
-world of sin. ifp. X if. -KfltorrfetA. 
(Peace.] Written in 1875, and first printed 
in a small tract of five hymns (all by Bp. 
Biekenteth), entitled Song* i* Me .Sou*? o/ 
PiiVrrimoflo (Haropatesd, J.'Hewetson, v,v\ in 
7 tt. of 2 1, It ia baaed upon the text, " Thou 
wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mini) 
is stayed on Thee, because lie trusted) in 
Thee," Isaiah xxvi. 3. It was given, without 
alteration, in the H> Omjo., 1876"; Hud has 
been rvpeated in numerous collections. It is 
also jn the author's From Year to Year, 18B3. 
In 1834 Bp. Biekersteth issued it, together 
with a companion hymn in the same metre on 
Prayer, printed on cardboard, as Prayer and 
-FVtjpg (Lond. Sampson Low). The hymn on 
Prayer begins " Pray, alwaya pray, the Holy 
Spirit plead*. 1 ' Tbia was given in the author fl 
Octave of ffjmw*. 1380, No. 1. [J. J.] 

Peace that pasaeth understanding. 
J. Montgomery. [For P«kw.] This hymn is 
dftted on tho original mh. ("m. msb.") " Sept. 20, 
1837," and ia indexed as bavins; been copied 
and sent to many perrons. The earliest printed 
forni with which we have met ia in Mont- 
gomery's Original iljfnns, 1853, No. £45, in 
3 st. of S 1., and entitled "Invocation to 
Fence." It ia in Xeuiwcty, 1863, and other 
collections. [J. J.] 

Pearoe, Samuel, a. of a silversmith at 
Plymouth, was. b. in tliat town, July 20, 1768. 
Early iu life he joined the Baptist Church in 
Plymouth, and, showing gifts fen the ministry, 
waa i u vited to preach. After a course of study 
at tlse Baptist College, ttristol, he became, in 
1790, pastor of the Baptist congregation in 
Gannon Street, Birmingham. There hia 
ministry was remarkably succeaanil ; but after 
a brief end bright course lie d. on Oct. 10, 
1799. He was strongly disposed to foreign 
mission work, and was cue of the founders of 
the Baptist Missionary Society, In 1792. His 
Wvmsirt, by A. Fuller, was pub. in 1300. 
Embodied in the Memoir* were eleven poetical 
pieces. Iu the 2nd ed., lSOl, these pieces 
were grouped together at the end erf the 
Mtmotr*. lie is known to hyiniiology through 
filO following hymns ; — 

1. Anther of lift, with gmfeful luut, ,Bre»(™, 
'ITJi Jn the JlstK, Vrtt CAureh S. £. B, Bir. t 1SSD, Is the 
OTigicul with thl omlHJona of St. lit. ; that noted on 
p. SI, i. laa«nto for "ifortlng." Both u* f ram t ho 
McBKiTt, 1 SCO. 

2. Clod of our 11th, our montiajt tout. Xorrrixg. 
from tba Martin, isou, into tin Jttth, JVse Chtirdi 
II. Ms.. Itft), with the omlukin of u. II. 

4. Id flu fliKHli of tribolatSon, M Jfiittian. His 
* Hymn la a Stctm." In tliE Jfemtiri, IsDd, in * a. of 
l!l, In Uu l«h ed. of Bippon't Bap. J3W„lS«,lt1» 



PEN^JEFATHEB, WILLIAM 

jl«n In auithtr ftmn of $ pt rf i L Tina km hu 
cook down to modem h^nmals. 

*, Lti M**a*i -warn tumultaom ritt. OmtctKiunt 
Set In tht MtoBirwt but In Klppon*s at, two, ia 
sslofol. 

I. WhancV I ]«k tola Thy ward, Smdoj Jtotn- 
«V. In Uk JMxoirt, 1SO0, in s u. of 4 1. Iu tte 2Iti 
ti of Bippoij-s jm., imj, »t. tv.^vll., slIgDtly altMri. 
wwe glvai ai " Oor piecUnu Lord, ou duw btnt. 1 * 

dPearee, Mart Guy, b. of Mark &uy 
Peaisei, of fjnmborne, Cornwall, was b. ut 
Cmnbome, Jan. 3, 1342, and educated for the 
Wesleyan ministry, which he entered in 1863. 
Mr. Peaine lias held important and responsible 
appointments at Leeds, London, and Bristol, 
and is at present (1883) associated with the 
London West Central Wesleyan Mission. Hu 
publications number over twenty, in addition 
to numerous tracts on practical religious sub- 
jects, and have attained in several instances 
to- great p'ptdarity, Daniel Qaerm, and hit 
Beligiattt Notion*, and JoAn Tregenweeth being 
specially welt known. His hymns were 
mostly written jn London in 1875, and wt- re 
pub. in hla little book The Child Jam, 1875, 
each liymn having been suggested by one cf 
a. series of cartoons ilJtistrative of the life of 
onr Blessed Lord, pub. by the Wesleyan- 
Methodiat Sunday S. Union. Of these hymns 
the following were included in The Metnodisi 
Bwwfety 3, M. Bh., 1879 :— 
I. Hnahol la it* raging sinter wild. Siatm in lit 

3. (T« Betblclleni'a kill, In tinuj of oM, JJftptaflK. 
S. SaYloilT. fcr Thj lova wo pnli« Thee, JftiiptafliJ. 

4. Tht fiaroa wind bawla about the biUl. Ft(gH injo 
tftipt. 

These hymns for children are or exceptional 
merit, and are worthy of attention. [J, J.] 

Pearson, Charles Btwhanarj, k.a., 
was b. about the year 1805, and was educated 
at Oriel College, Oxford, B.dn in honoais 1823. 
Taking Holy Orders in 1830, he became Pre- 
beudftiy of Fcidington in SalUbnry Cathedral, 
I8tf2,atid was Hector of Knebworth from 1838 
to 1875. He d- Jan 7, 1381. He waa the 
author of Plain Sermons to a Country Congrt- 
aatiOTt, 1838 : CA»refc Expansion, 1353, cW 
His Latin Trantlation* of MngUih Hyt, ap. 
peared in 1862. Ho contributed versions of 
the. Sarum Sequences to the ir. mode by hit 
son (Albert Harford Pearson), of the Barnrn 
Miual, wbioh is entitled, Tht Samm Mitral in 
Bnglith, 1868. A number of these versions be 
afternurds revised and pub. in a separate 
volume (along with the original Latin), ai 
Seqnentet from me Sarum Mitgal, 1871. 
Several of his versions passed into the Bam* 
twy, 1871-78. [J. J^ 

Pembroke, CoUntetiB of. [BMatj, Bli 
rhuip.] 

PennefatheTt Catherine, nee King, 
daughter of Admiral King, of Analev, was 
married Sept 1G, 1S47, to the Rev, W. Penne- 
father (see below^. T<ro of Mrs. Panne- 
father's hymns are in 3%e Enlarged London 
II. Bk., 1873. (1) "I'm journe>in» through 
a desert WoHii' 1 (Heaven Anticipate J) ; (2) 
" Not now, my child ; a little more rough 
toning," ISfiS (FurW and JHwtoji). She 
d. J*n. l^ 183S. [J. J.] 

Permefather, WiUiain, a.a., a. of 
Eichard P*nnemther, Baron of the arish 



PENTBCOBTAMON 

Court of Exchequer, was b. in Merrion Square, 
Dublin, Feb. &, 1818. He resided for » time 
Aw educational purposes at Wesbury College, 
bur Bristol, ana then at Levans Parsonage, 
near Kendal, Westmoreland. Ho entered 
Trinity College, Dublin, in Feb, 1832, and 
graduated v.*. in 1840, TaliingHoly Orders 
m 1841, bo became cumte of Ballymacugh, 
diocese of Xilmore. In July, 1844, he ma 
preferred to the Vicarage of Mellifont, near 
Droghede, Iq IMS be removed to England, 
where he held successively the Incumbency of 
Trijrfty Church, Walton, Aylesbury, 1848; of 
Christ Church, Burnet, 1652; and of St, 
Jude's, Mildjnay Park, 1804. He d. April 30, 
1873. His great work at Bamet and at Mild- 
may — the Conferences began at the former 
and continued at tin? Utter place— the large 
teligious and charitable organizations which 
be instituted and superintended, are matters 
of history. Full details ate given of the rise 
and progress of these and bis other works in 
his lAfeand Letter*, 1878. Hil lljrmill were 
written mainly for the Barnet and Hildmay 
"Conferences," and were pub. sometimes as 
leaflets, and again, as for the Conference of 
1872, as Hymn* Original and Sektted, By W. 
P. Ill this pamphlet tin re are 2fi of his com- 
positions. In the latter part of 1878 hie 
Original Ilyntni and UwujfcJ* in Vera were 
pub. posthumously. This work contains 71 
piec*", but few of -which are dated. Of these 
the following are given in a few hymn- 
boohs: — 

1, AndMny Imllytrad. Divine Wcniif. 
1. Help os, Loci, to pralea 1 Pmuc 

3, How (ill! we jniu) Thj bhu. CirilliJ™ Cum- 
■tuiuDi. From club "Okun Hwuuil hirpt," Is 
tnken- 

4. Jwd, in Thy Uut nuu. eitittH OMtrVrenuj. 
f, Jeavu, vtant unpiHin, J?™.'m! Variant. 

6. M j bltwed Jwu*. Tflwi Wit Uught. ^ f«i«- 
crattan. 

7, Ood of gtarinue majesty. Bir Hetrtati or 

s, O irnrte Tby coming klueiotf. r*< »a»H< 
Jdwni dwfnri. 

f . holy, botr Tutor. Divine Wbr&ip. 
ID. O Lord, with oot uxtxd. DMiu Hnfrrtto. 
11. G St vkur I mature Thee. JtauitAeKiCitotKfeie, 
11. Clnu mon with chutemd Joy, JWw'fK Wen/lty. 
IS. IValsa God. j* «nph» brUjbt. JTa(«. 

14. Tboounds and UkhihbiLi stood, itraupnmon g/ 
Atisit. 

15. Ton shining (dm in ccumr. Awiwn jln«cfiHlMl. 
Mr. Pennefafber'a hymns possess much 

beavuty and earnest simplicity: are ricli in 
evangelical sentiment and doctrine ; and are 
much mom mnstcnl than is usual with lyrics 
of their elaM, They deserve greater attention 
than III ey have hitherto received. [J. J.] 

PantacoBtarion Caarmosynon, ■The. 

[ChrMfc Hjmaody, § zlf .] 

People of tlM living G«L J. Mont- 
gomery. [Oft Turning to florf.] In Hatfield's 
Fod* of tXe Church. N.Y„ 1SS+, p, 440, the 
author says, "At the close of 181 i, lie [Mont- 
gomery] was publioly recognised, at Fulneck, 
as a brutlicr in the Lord, and a member of the 
[Moravian] Society. It was in all probability 
on this occasion that he wrote his beautiful and 
popular hymn beginning with. ' People of tho 
living God.' " This uncertainty in Hatfield's 
work becomes certainty in 6. W. thrineld's 
EngUA fljMn*. K. ¥., 1886. p, 4S5, where be 
fays, "This hymn describes MoDtgomery'd feel- 



PEBBOKBT, BDWAED 689 

Log* at the prospect of being readmitted to the 
Moravian communion *t Fuloeet, November 
4th, 1814." In Holland's Memoir* of Mont- 
gomery, pub. in ISM, the full details of Mont- 
gomery's application to the Motavias comma- 
uity at Futneck, tho consent of the authorities 
there, and liis admission in Deo., 1314, are 
given, but neither there nor elsewhere in the 
Memoir is any reference mode to this hymn. 
The original us. is nut amongat the H, MSI,, nor 
is there anything at our eominaud which can 
fix the date of its anpearanee until 1819, when 
it was included in CotterUT* Set. as No. 100, 
in S st of 8 1., end headed, "Choosing the 
portion of God's heritage," Although there- 
fore we oannot say positively, with Dnfield, 
that It was written at the period when Mont- 
gomery joined the Moravians at Fulueck, In 
Dec-, 1814, yet we are prepared to admit with 
HatHeld that it was in all probability written 
at that tune. The text was repeated from 
Ootterill's £el in Montgomery's Chrittian 
Ptatmiet, 1825, No. 468, and in his Original 
Symnt, 1853, No. 51. The use of this hymn 
is extensive. [J. J.] 

Perpetual Source of Light and Grace. 
P. Doddridge, [/ncsnatancy in Religion la- 
mtnttd.] This, hymn is Ho, 7* in the D.wes,, 
and Undated, but is found between other 
liymns dated respectively, " Jan. IS, )T3J," 
and "Jan. 1, 173t," thus fixing the date as 
1788. It was given, without alteration, in 
Job Qxton's posthumous edition of Doddridge's 
Hymns, tc, 1755, ss No, 151, in B at of 4 ]., 
with the heading " Inconstancy in Beligion. 
Hcaeft vi. 4," and agavn, with slight changes, 
in J. t>. Humphreys's edition of the came, 
1839, No. 170, It is in a few modem col- 
lections, including tfartipeAti's Hpmnt, 4c, 
1840 and 1873. Is a few (*llections it begini 
" Eternal Souice of Light and Gruee." [J. J.] 

Fsrronet, Bdward. The Perrouets of 
England, grandfather, lather, and son, were 
French emigres. David Benonet rame to 
England about 1680. He woe son of the 
refugee Pasteur Peironet, who had chosen 
Switzerland as ilia adopted country, where be 
ministered to a Protestant congregation at 
Chateau COes, His son, Vincent Perronet, 
h.a., was a gmduatc of Queen's College, 
Oxfonl, though his name ia net finind in 
either Anthony Wosdn's jMA&Hie Osvnientet 
nor his Fatti) nor in Elite's apparatua of 
additional notes. He became, in 1738, Vicar 
of Shoreham, Kent. Ho it impeiisusbly ss- 
Boctated with the Evangelical ttevivttl Under 
the Wesleys and Whitefiold. Ho cordially Co- 
operated witJl the movement, and many are 
the notices of him scattered up and down the 
biographies and Journals of John Wesley and 
of Sefina, Countess of Huntingdon. He 
lived to the venerable Pge of ninety-one; and 
pathetic and beantllul is the account of John 
Weslev's Later visits to the white-haired saint 
(b. 1693, d. May 9, 1785).* His son Edwaid 
was b. in 1726. He was first ediMftted si home 
under a tnter, but whether he proceeded to the 
University (Oxford} is uncertain. Born, 

* AgDtw's i"ro*(rtBH( Eailtt from Wmk* *n lit 
JTffew rf rimU XIV. «mft>unilt Viwtot (he tsrter wtih 
BdiFimfbiana, 



890 PBBttONBT, EDWABD 

baptised, and brought up in the Church of 
Kugland, be Had originally no other thought 
tliau to be <m4 of her clergy. Bu^ though 
strongly evangelical, hehodakeen and search - 
ins ere for defects. A characteristic note to 
The Wire, in referring to a hook called 
2fte Dittetiting Qentleman'e Annuel' to tho 
Rev. Jfr. WAife, thus runs : — " 1 was bora. 
Mid am like to die, in the tottering com' 
mnuLoQ of the Church of England; but I 
despise h*r sonwnK ; end thank Qod that I 
have once ie»d ft book tlwt no fool can answer, 
and that no honest loan villi " ( p. 835). Tlio 
publication of I^ Mitre is really the first 
prominent event in hid life. A copy Is preserved 
ill the British Muternn (9&3n, SI), with title In 
the author's holograph, and Ms- notes ; and on 
the fly-leaf this : — " Capt, Boisragon, from his 
oblig'd and roost respectful humble serFt, The 
Author. Ijondon, March 29tli, 1757." The 
title U as follows :— The Nitre f a Stierwt 
Poem (1 &»RtuI ff. 80)i London; printed in 
Q& year 17S7. Tbi* strangely overlooked 
satire is priceless as a reflex of contemporary 
ecclesiastical opinion and sentiment. It is 
pungent, salted with wit, gleams with humour, 
Kit* off vividly the well-known celebrities in 
Church and State, and is well wrought in picked 
and packed words. But it is aeqriQus produc- 
tion to have come from a " true sou " Of the 
Church of England. It roused John Wesley's 
hottest anger. He demanded, its instant sup- 
pression; and it was suppressed (Attnore*! 
Mtthoditt Memorial, p. 30(1, and Tyetman, iL 
210-41, 264, 265); and yet.it was at this 
period the author tlirew himself Into the 
Wesleys' great work. But evidences abound 
in tho letters And journals of John Wesley 
tliit he was intermittently rebellious and ve- 
hement to even his revered leader's authority. 
Curlier, Edward Perronet dare J all obloquy as 
a Methodist. In 1740 Wesley enters in his 
diory; 

" Fruiii Eodnltlc weal to Bolton, and soon found that 
the Rochdale lions were lamltn In comntf jum villi lliest 
of Bolton. Edward Purtuiirt was uitown duwa And 
rolled in mud and mtre. Stones wars hurled una 
wlndo** broken " (Tytruun'e 14ft and Timtt tf tAs 
#ix* Juts* Wtli*3, H.A., 3 vols, 1M0 ; vol. il. ii). 

In 1750 John Wesley writes : 

" Omits ind you [EiWiUxl rwrcmet] ttiavt as I want 
jmi to do; but jvu&ntiot, or will not, preach wUcn I 
desire* OtLera can und win preach whm 1 desire, bat 
they da not UhiH as I want them to do. i hava a fine 
time between tlie on* and tire otber. i tliink Qiartea 
and you luve ia toe geiierol a rijjbt BpnsooJ what it in to 
serve u» sons In tine guenel ; aih! if nil our helpm had 
bid tie same, In* uoflc of did ftuold hire prospered 
hotter both la England ami Ireland. I luve not on* 
preacher with tne, d]]d not *i* In Eo^luhdn ivliu&u wills 
ncii lurolisn to ft-rve ioe " (eoi'cL li F *fi, bihI Whitsbbul's 
i^* o/ JTishll. ti. S6J). 

In 1755 urraugfcnientB to meet the emer- 
gency created by its own success hod to be 
made for Methodism. As one result, both 
Edward and diaries Perronet broke loose 
from John Wesley's law that none of his 
preaebeTd or *• litlt*r* " were to dispense the 
rWraments, hut were still with their flocks to 
attend the parish churches, Edward Perronet 
asserted his right to admiphtter the Sacraments 
as a divinely-called preaelser (ibrd. iL 200). At 
that time he was resident at Canterbury, " in 
a part of the archbishop's old p&lnce '* (ibid. ii. 
OJ;, In season and out of senson lie "evan- 
golizeuV' Onward, ho became one of the 



PBREOSBT, EOWAKfi 

Oonnteas of Huntingdon's "ministers" In 
a, chapel in WetlLng Street, Canterbury. 
Throughout he was passionate, impulsive, 
strong-willed ; hot always lived near his di- 
vine Master. The student-reader of Lives of 
the Wesleya will be u taken captive " by those 
passages that ever and anon introdvoo him. 
He bursts in full of ftie and enthusiasm, yet 
ebullient and volatile. In the close of his life 
be is found as an Independent or Congrega- 
tional pastor of a small church in Canterbury. 
Ho must liftve been in easy worldly circum- 
stances, as bis will shorn He a. Jan, 3, 
1792, and was buried ia the cloisters of the 
great cathedra], Jan. 8. His Mymn* were 
published anonymously in successive small 
volumes, First of all came Stiett JPatsttge* 
of the OH and Ntw Tettamenl vertijled; Lon- 
don; rriiitei ty H, Cook, wbcclvl The 
British JHujtettrti copy of this extremely 
rare little book has the jis. inseriptioD on 
verso of title, " Oanf E. Perronet return'd 
after a Detention ef 16 y™ with several o" 
from A. J. A. on Sat. Ap [rest turned tu 
by the binder] 1774." 'A second similar 
volume is entitled A Smalt CoUsetum of 
Ifj/pwu, in,, Canterbury : printed t» Ihe j^ot 
dcxlxxxii. His most importaut volume was 
the following : — Oectuvittal IWs**, tiumtl and 
sacred. J'nbUnhed for ths instmelifm owl 
aiminemsai of 8\$ Candidly Serivtt* and Re- 
ligious. ioiwJon, prinftt? fir the Editor : JjiiJ 
Sold by J. Buekiand in. Pattrnotter Rom ; and 
T. Stollick, in the City RotuJ, MevrJiekU, 
irocoijiisv. ; pp. 2JC (Jfl-). [Tiio Brit Sim. 
copy has the two earlier volumes bound up with 
this,] The third hymn in this scarce book is 
headed, " On the Besurrection," and is, " All 
hail the power of Jesus' name " p. 41; i, But 
there are otlier* of almost eojual power and of 
more thoroueh workmanship. In my judg- 
ment, "The Lord is King 1 ' (IWtrt wot. 10) 
is a great aud noble hymn. It commenecs ; — 

" Hall, My, liolv, holy Loqi>1 
LrtPjw'rg inim<m*l (ing: 
AJiiffi tbe co-ettrutl Wori T 
And sJtout, the J*M is Kins." 

Very flno also is " The Master's Yoke— the 
Scholar's Lcseon," Matthew xi. 2S, which tlius 
opens : — 

" O (irmM me, Loud, tlm en-«t content 
Tint sweeleas ev«ry itut* \ 
Whlcli no IntemsJ feus «n real, 
Nor outft'std fota alute," 

A sacred poem is named " the Wayfiiring 
Man: n Parody " {pp. 26^ 27); and nnotlier, 
"The Goldfish: a Parody." The latter has 
one splendid line on the Cross. "I long to 
chare the glorioiw aluune." " The Tempest " 
is striking, and ought to be introduced into 
our hymnals; and nbjo "Tho Conflict or Con- 
quest over tho Conqueror, Genesis Jixxii. 24" 
(pp. 30, 31). Still finer is "Tkuugliui on 
Hebrews xii," opening :— 
*' A wide my soul-criscl 

And tiui tlie liesvcnly met; 
Look uji tu Him nho U*lda ths prize, 
Atid iitlun liitt His grate." 

" A Frayer for Mt-rcy on Psalm csix, &*,* 
is very striking. On Jsaiult liv. 19 [pp. 45, 
46), is strong aud ~nuroistaknbl(>. " The Sin- 
ner's Beanluiion," and " Though tt on M:<t* 
tliew viii. ii," and on Mark x. 51, more tbau 
worthy of being reclaimed for use. Perronet 



PETER OP ST. MATJBICE 

is * po*ft as wall as a pre-eminently gujOCeee* 
fill hymn-writer. He always sings S3 well as 
prays. It way be wiikd that the brier para- 
phrase after Ovid, p. G2, given below, seems 
to echo tlie well-ktwwii lines in Gray's im- 
mortal elegy ; — 

" How nuny l gem unsetn of human eyes, 
Entouib'd In tilth, a BparkUnj embryo lies; 
How idhj & roas, Deflected as the gent, 
Scatters its Eweeta'and rots upon its stem i 
Bo many a mind, that might & meteor anone, 
Had or Us genius or iL9 friend been tnown [ 
Whose want of sid from some wstemol litnd, 
Still lituntB tbt abide, of quite lit native l«nd. n 
f A. B. G.] 

.Peter of St Maarice (Fetnis Mauritius), 
also called Peter of Cliiny (Petrus Cluni- 
ensis), of Peter the Venerable (Petiw 
Venerobilis), Abbot, was t. 1002 or 10M 
(Trench, j&ns. i<^ Pmrffj, 1874, p. 101) of 
u noble family {the Counlsof St. Mjmricc) in 
Aliver§fiie ('* NoLili gsucro mitus fuit noater 
iu Arferoia" : Liijur, Hitt, Poem JUied. jEbi, 
p. 125)- Bogiuning life as a soldier, lie after- 
wards became a Benedictine monk, and ou 
the dentil of Hugh, Prior of Morciguy, who 
bad hut three otoliths before been elected to 
fill the valiancy caused by the resignation of 
the better known Pontius, Peter wm elected 
Abbot of the celebrate monastery of his 
order at duuy, in 1122. From Urn time 
much of his life was spent in controversy, a. 
summary of which is an iuterestiou; piecu of 
Ecelesiastioal history. 

Fortius) by i1s MKipiiec, Is claiming, IB Abbot of 

Ctuuy, Uib title of L ' Abbot of Abbotn," bid rated up l 
cloud of opponents to ms pretenslona, and the nutter had 
ended for tb* moment in bla resLgnatiua of his omc?. 
But Peter had scarcely been three years installed as 
Abbot, when Pontius e*tabllt;hed hbnutlf as bend vf an- 
other religiose cuamunkr at TrevkM, In Italy, whence 
lit started wttli * train of monks, Slid, taking advantage 
uf the lemponiy absence of Peter, again got jmwsaki 
of bin old position at Cluny, and drove out the friends of 
Peter, with Um Prior St Bernard at tlteir head. After 
meat mMtt liid been committed by the usurper end 
id* follows™, and tli* vtlltjrea end estates of the Abbey 
had been given up to Are end the Eword, Pope Honoring 
n. snmnuoed ill parties to Some, and, having heard 
both Mm, decided In favour of Peter, exfiommnnfuted 
Pouting end Imprisoned him in a dunireon, where bo died 
ft few TOMilbj literwArds. 

Wl*n this qowtkni bid been MUlsd, uimher dispute 
eioae, til wLlth tkenvmkinit CitotiiiUiC CMtvtMx ttimiA 
tbee* of Clany «f in undue initiation of tbe mlo of 
tbelr order. Rubart, a cunsin oT Si. Bernard, bsd becanie 
a mpnl£ at ClaJrvau^. lnit, Hndlng tjie rnle there M>o ejall' 
uig, had migrated to Cluny, aod, on ais appeal t*j Ecmie, 
the Pope dlrcfslecl him to rcnwlu it Cluny, much to the 
cbagrEn ^of St. Bernard, vbo, aia the CJaterclau head of 
Qalrraux, Tenementif sttscked the milder diKipllne of 
the UenedEctEne dnny. Itohert, In consequence of hie 
conatn'a objectEDht, ■wafl sent luck by l'eter t^Clalrrauic, 
but his nivnlu. reaentlttii such & tame «un«fld<if , fiA Wil- 
liam, the Abbot cf St. Thl«fty, nesr Kbelms, tu write a 
sharp letter of Temoqetranco to St, Leruard, TJie reply of 
the fct*er scouslngthe Clunlace of all Hurts of declentdons 
from the needfiil EtrictneBi of roooaatic lEfe, drew ILrlo a 
rejoinder from Beter as charscterlstkc of iJ tbat uentle for- 
bssruXB and lore of )jucs " of tba litter. " wiucIl made 
him stand out corj»pi™>u& Iu liis geuentlon, vben each 
man aonifjil hl» 0«p, or Uje tliiiES of hi' order, jm| t^e 
thlnpi of Jesus ChriBt ph (& Bsring-tionld'fl Live* of the 
Snintl, Deceiuber, p. SMJ, ts tin nitack on St. DeniMilE 
nut w*» of liSft fiery, yet not altogether rnHrleullr, i^ehe- 
mence of ISYecltre, 

In * subsequent controversy between St. Dernaul and 
Peter tbe tiirnter was more Buwftsful. He oppoetd the 
Wish of IiDKfa, 800 Of lbs Duke of Rurgtinuy, m ttciirt 
tils tea of Laagfes, when vacant In 1136, for a Cluniac 
moult. Tbe AKhnlehop of Lromi ooi]»»at<d Hugh's 
nominee In tbe tooth of St. Bwtl*rd'« ryriponltiun, but 
iiotwltbsttndini; til defence of tbe appolotniL-nt or tin 
new LlaUop wlitih Peter oould Mali*, tlie IS^ie, nlm use 
whully under tb ! Influence of St Biminl, pronounced to* i 



PETERS, MART 



891 



unieaatkm of the Cluninc monk void, and tbe Prior of 
Cltumuix, i cooslu of St. Bernard's, vta& onnsecnMd In 
bisBtoad. 

Ones more tbe sortie Peter came Into ouIIIeIhi with 
the Serr, domineering St, Henurd In Ibe marler (if Abc- 
laid, Tbe latter bad been cuuueniuad, If not altogether 
unheard, at any rate inbundenlood. by the cviuncll of 
Sens upon ebargtn of betrty orodglit against lilm by 
Si. Uemtld, and tlie eehlenot upon him had betu con- 
Annul, upon appeal, by J\ipe Innocent 11,-r- a mere rcrn 
Of the prosecutor. Abdjtd, dlenced and broken down, 
took rclngn atduhy on Idw way to fount, and reroallLoa 
then for some two years, during which Peter mj liir won 
upon tba virioriuui Dethanl u lo bring about a recon- 
ciliation between him and Ahelaid, if arab can be celled 
a recunciliation, ^"bicli altomed J^nurd atlll to do his 
Utunst to net lbs luEikda of men against, hta old idvw- 
Bary. *rbe: peaceful death of Ahelanl at Clnny In 1142 
tinally terminaled tbla contfovenry, 

"The year 1143 saw a renewal of the correspondence. 
betn"e«ii SL BeroaTd and l'atar 01^ the aul^OCt of the 
two reforms, in wblch tlie latter tflies credit for * vrami 
love Hit tbe CJettrciarn. and remlinuj ljls ojtr«i|njtnfeut 
of the alKxbi thnl luve bad H'illitti."id in the question 
of tb* payment of tttlim by a Cistdrdsn nunsaterj in 
tbe JMighboutbood of Cluny to tbe CI Hulas monks, 
whkb. bad hei to a keen controversy and many amhesls; 
as well IB in tbe content a bunt tbe UislK'pof Ijuiejes, 
It was at this tune thst l'eter aeiit to St. llemanl a copy 
of tbe translation of tbe iuirau, whldt I^eter Lad caused to 
be made in Gpsin by ltobert, an Englishman, but Arcli- 
deac^u cf rampelnna, 

1'etex wsa in biajh fai^our with Popes Gelestine 1L and 
Lucius 11., and in llsLo, iu couimui witL Bl Demsrd, 
took an active part In discountenancing tbe slsiurlrier of 
tbe Jews in Itsnce and tiermany, which bad resulted 
from tbe preaching of St, IJenkard ajraini^t tbe infidels. 
But though Peter appealed to IjOU : » Vll. to stay the 
maruo:rs, it must be said Hist be nia,le no etTort lo pre- 
vent tie plunder of tbe Jems. 

Another matter in which Peter was Interested and 
enftifftd wtt that of Peler uf llrtieys, who fuuuded a 
sect holding ttntle filttnijfly liugcd % with UankliEbism, 
Ihd wae burnt alhie by a Ualutls CuthoJic. mob early in 
the twelfth eeulury* A letter atruogly condemning the 
heretic, his jbllowers, and bis orjiiiiLin^ ia still extant, 
Peter went to Rome fiff Ave luonths In use, when 
Eu{jentuc III., it nominee of ^, Hernsrd, was rope, and 
pve au account of Engenius to St, Bernard by letter. 

Tlie rrtt of Peter'6 life wis spent at C!vjviy f 
where ho d. early iu ll&C ot 1107, leaving ttio 
iiiiptfiBsk'Li belli rid him of " one of ihe nio*t 
uttrnctivo figuice vrbich monnstu; mid mcdiiE- 
f pl history preet-nts toii! 1 ' (S, Bevring-Oould'e 
Lives of the Saints. Dec, p. 281). Lacking 
tlie fiTe nnd power of his great antagonist and 
correspondent, Le tiuccofiled by tlie frttttlyllt-tfl 
and trnperlurbability of hi& disposition in 
gniaing and totftiniiig an influence in the 
religintis world second only to that of St Ber- 
nini His writings were cliiefly coiitroyersiftl) 
and the poetry wltLoli he wrote wag p^eat neither 
In quail tit)' nor quality. Amongst ilia latter 
were (1) oointi ttbythnis, Proses, Versee, and 
Hymns cenituiDed in the Bfliliotheea CIhtsm- 
sensit, 16H ; (2) A Hymn on tho^TrniiBlalioii 
of St. Benedict " — " Claris conjubila Gallia 
C6i!til/US f " in tbe BUHiotheea Floriacemit, 
1005 1 wid (3) Au "Epitaph on Peter Abe- 
lEnl." From the first collection, ArrJibUhop 
Trench gives two specimens : (a) On Cliriat e 
Ntttivity, "Cwlum e&ude, terra plautie," and 
(V) one" on the Rtsnrrection of our Lotd, 
" Mortis portis frnotlB fortia "{Sue. Lai. Poefru, 
1874, p. 102), both of which have been trans* 
lated. See Litis, tu, fiom ri* f J. SIS, SL 

[D. B. W.j 

Peter tne Venerable. [p*ter of fit. 

■aiuini.} 

Peters, Mary, n& Bowly, dsn^hter of 
Richfird Bowly, nf Cirencester, was L in IS 13, 
nnd tuiiseqnontly mniried to tlie lie v. John 
JlcWilliain Peters, sometime Rector of Qnen- 
lliBgtou, Cilouoestershire, nnd d. at Clifton, 



892 PETEBS1N. JOHAtfS W, 

July 29, 1856. Her prow work, Tht WorW* 
History from the Creation to (A* J«es*f«t of 
Queen Victoria was pub. in seven volumes. 
Several of her hymns were contributed to the 
Plymouth Brethren'* Pi., fly*., and j§pfri*u<jZ 
Sonjt, Lend., D. Walther, 1842. These with 
others 58 in nil, were pub. by Nisbet & Co., 
Loudon, 1847, as Syi. tfttmuldd to help the 
Opnwtnwn o/ Saint*- Tti. Walker introduced 
metal from thise collections into bis Chelten- 
ham ft. * ZTju., 1855. Many of tliese have 
been repeated in Bnepp's Sokat <rf Q,Jt G-, 
1872. Mid other Churoh of England hymn- 
book*. These include, betides those annotated 
under their respective first Line* : — 
i From Pudmt, Hymm, * S. S., IMS :— 
]. Blessed Lord, our hearts ue panting. Btirittl. 
Olrrn In liter coUactlomi u " OlMsed Laid, our Mall 
are linumg." 

3. Blow can there be one holy thought ! i&tfnau 
arovgkCkriiL 

a. J«th> how nwch Thy Name unfolds. The Ifame 

VfJtMUt, 

4. Trvrd, we see tbe day flpprawbtay. Sen/mi Aioent, 
1. l*ord, we know It matters not. Tnttakt in Uu 

6, The marmun of lbs nllderaeH. JYoits to <A(iir. 

7. 'riieaaJnuiwhIledkpenHdibruid. Cudiettfu'ttuj. 

5. Unwnrthf is Hijtik^g ijing. Jems (fee JlaiiitBr. 
». Whom hive wo, LoniWt Tin*. £iriiU(tfci /U, 

10. Witt tttnkful pwtH we meet, t> Lonl. V*Wfe 
tTorf^p. 

il. From her ITjjwrs, Id., 1817 : — 

11. Earths Brmfrt ties will pcriili. BuKaJ. 
IL Enquire, tnj aonl, eaqqire. jfecond .ddwnf,. 

11. HallelitJab.weiuehaMenlng, Jbarneyfri^ J/eawn- 
•rard. 

it. Holy Futher, we eddrest Tbtt. -flWj TrititCy. 

IS. ieem, *f The* we ne'er would tint Mly nwt- 
■ums'an. 

It. Luid Jews, Id Thy Name alone. JbJj (smt- 



17. Lord, ttarcagli the desert dfeir and wide. Fraytr 

IK. Many Hoot to glory ktni. Smir-ti^ in fAnJ(. 

IS. O Loid, whilst WS OotUnia the wOrti]. Dttid in 
Cktitt. Somelknea It begins with it. 11., " De*d to lla 
warM us bars nmr," 

30. Out (hid 14 light, we do rot gn. Cjil-iJl di* 0)ii(Ic. 

31. Praise ye the Lor^ HR^In+ affuln. PhaJ^ mjrfAip. 
33, fotlnUGD to out Ood. flfMjiHifidf. 

33, 'Ilia boUe«t vie tnttr, ^bJjUt H^ri&^p, Son">- 
tlnn rItci* m "The lnlleil now we enter" 
H. Tbroogi the kv« of God <nu SiTlvar. iSScwri^y 

J6. 'rhy grirt, Lord, to m bath ibown. OJiriw*. 
a«. We^re pl^rlmi ia the vjKlennx. Lite a rti- 
tritags. [J. J.] 

Petenen, Johaos Wilhalui, was b. 
Judo 1, 1649, at Oumbiuclc : liu father Georg 
PttoTseH, Kaiiialei-beaiiitjef at Uibeclr, haviog 
gone to reside at O^nobriick ub tepreaenliag 
Liibetsk in the negotiatioiii whiEli ended in 
the Peace of Wufttplialia, Petersen matri- 
culated at the University of Qirssen, in 1^G9 ; 
went in 1671 to Hartock, and was then for 
nhort periods at Ijehpzig, Wiltenbeif, and 
Jena -, the degree of w^. beina conferred on 
him by Qicaeun in abtentia. He retianied to 
Oieseen in 1673, and began to Ueture on phi- 
lfwojiliv and rhetoric 98 uprivat doctnt. About 
1675 lie visited Spener, at FranWnrt !Thni 
ptoreti an imeortaat turning- point in hia life. 
Id 1E77 he began to lecture nt ftostock, rb 
Profaiwr of Poetry (d.d. fmm BpHlock 1SB6). 
but in the tame year accepted the pastorate of 
the 9t, Aegidten «h«ch at Hannover, He 
Was then, In May, 1*79, appoiuted by Duke 
August Fricdrieh of Holutein, as Court 
preaohi.'r at Eutin, and ^ueral Dupcrinten- 
dent of the diocese of Lubocb. In Advent 



PFEFFERKOUK, QWm H. 

16B8, he b«oame pastor of St John's church 
and superintendent at Liioeburg, Here he 
made liimself ohnalioua to his fellow clergy 
by refusing to take fees for liesxing confes- 
sions ; received into his house Ftaulein Bos- 
amunde Jnliane von Assebnrg, and began 
publicly to teach her Ideas of the Millennial 
Kingdom. Being accused of Cliillastn and 
having his opinions condemned by the theo- 
logical faculty of Helmstadf, lie was removed 
from his office in Hie end of January, 1G92. 
Thereafter he resided at various places, made 
tours over Germany, during which he propa- 
gated his views, and expounded his peculiar 
doctrines by boots nnd pamphlets. He finally 
bought a email estate at Thymer, near Zerhst, 
ami d. there, Jan. 31, 1 <27 (JToeft vi. 121 ; 
AUg. IhtiUcte Biog. j.vr, 508, Ac). 

Ajwit tool Itls ImporuiKe *■ a theelnglMl writer, 
Fetfnen dtstrifet attentloo u the tutW et seven] 
bymna. A e»iield<!»ble number oJ them are la Lauu, 
bk V a, being entitled (totian ncra. Of tiutt* b» 
coatrlbuttd 1 to FreyltnabMiKfi'a GtliutiiAti a. B„ 
J*ot. Two af these have pusssd late Kii^lleh, vlt. : 
"Cerne Itpmini Krruluu' (*. JtlS, l.\ uiid "Salrt 
crui beata, talvc" (q.v.), Hk Oerman bynmi w+n 
pub. ti (1) Slirtmtn iu zioH, in t*» pans, BaLe, lt*i 
and 1701 [Wtrtiigtroik Llbraryj. Tb*r* art hymat la 
nrosa and not vertloliii of th« IWtef ; led & paBftrd Into 
Frej)tnjh»n8en'» C J-, ITW, (i) ™t, Anuw mil 
«™, it. f, ITU [Brit, Mm. and WemlEemdej, Tbwe 
are obxure, mystic*!, »ml diffuse, and dr> not apwar lo 
bave come at all Into use. (3) Othero of his Lynms 
appeared In tba Pirtlaik bymn-boolu ef the pitiod, 
16M-171H, One of tbii bat dau la tr. Into Baglljb, 
vis:— 

Llabsttr J*n, llabstes Lelea. artrrtual WshA/ul^ 
tiew. In A. Luj>pii» e jfiiUlcU^ najmder <?sri(<M- 
JAuut, IVmel, leaa, p. mu, In « St., npuud In ^v™- 

lingitAbMi, 170+, add tb» BerUft 0. L. &., ad. 18(3, No. 
S6i. Ti\ as, "Jetno, L»M of life and giorj" (M. v^ 
as No. 1188 In ths Sappl. of 18*8 to ta* JKuviviatt B. 
*il(., 1801 ^88«, No, 4811), [J, M.] 

Fstri laudeB «»qu*tlllUf, [St. Peter.} 
In J. Merlo Horat'e FQ.r(uHtfH onimae chrif 
fmnaf, Cologne, 1414, sect, ii. p. 116, as a 
" Hhythmical hvmn on ' St. Peter the Apostle.' 
briefly embracing, his life and cbaracteir," Be- 
pented in later eds. of the Poradittts. tr. as - — 

ainf taa trust apastls. By F, OaLeky, in his 
tr, of Herat's Paraditia, as the Paradise of tie 
Chririicm Stml, lopd., Burns, IbiO, p. IftT (ed. 
1877, p. 137), in 45 it. of 4 1. Of these 8 
it, were given in the 1B&3 ed. of the Appttuiix 
to the Hymnai N., and ngaiti in the People 1 * 
H., 1867, as "Sing we the prnisc of Peter." 

[J. M.] 

Fotrum, tyranne, quid oateuie ob- 
rttiS. Jrait Baptitte de SfmteSii. [St. Pettr.] 
Appeared In the Cluniae Breviary, 1686, 
p. 1626, id his ifiwmi Sneri rf Jfijei, 1689, 
p. 49 (ed. 1698, p. 134), and the Pari* 
Brtviary, 1736. In the Paris Brev. it is the 
hymn at l4l(ds on the Feast of St. Peter's 
Chains, Aug;. 1st. In later French Breviaries 
it is also given for the same feaaL The test 
is in Oajd. Newman's Symai J£ccUtiae h 1838 
and i8«5. Tr. as :— 

Where the_prise* ban «irt*ul him, By I. WU- 
llaraa, in life Uyt- fr./ront tb* POrltia.* Bfttiwg, 1S3S, 
p. iSS, In s,7,a.t.t,7. In tbefiymimt*. 18)1, II is altered 
to « of B.T.. and at. Uf. It *!*■ oifllusd. [J, J.] 

Ifeffertorn, Qoorg Miohacl, was fa- 
March 16, 1645, at Ifta, neftr Cr^nalinrp on 
the Werra, where his father, 6. Bt. Pfeffertorn 
(a native of Creuisburg, but never pastor 
tliUKi), had become pastor in 1019, held the 



PFEtti, CHRrSTOPH 0. L. 

tiring far 58 years, but finally retired anil d. 
at Cwuzburg. After studying at the UnLrer- 
aiti< b of Jena {M.A. 1666) and Leipzig, Pfeffer- 
feirn was far * short time prints tutor at 
Altenburg, and then in 1668, berame master 
of the two highest lords in the Gymnasium 
ut Altenburg. la 167:}, he wan appointed by 
Duke Emst the Pious, or Botha (ttho d. 
March 26, 1675), as a tutor to Ilia three sons, 
In 1676 Duke Friedtioli I. appointed him 
pastor of b'r/ieinar, near Gotlia, ami In 16S2 
made him a member of tbe consistory «uJ 
superintendent at Grafen- Tonne, near tjotlia. 
He d. at GiWen-Toiine, March 8, 1782 UlJa. 
ZhttttcAe i?top. nv. 619; us. from Pastor H. 
Kenning, SuperintttDiJeTit at Creuzburg, Ac,). 

Pfeffsrfcum'i hymn* appeared In the hymn-booka of 
lbs period, and In his ffterto&-/'Aitoldirti**s am- tnut 
ffocVn^ £[«! ddrtnlra attentat Artjn fl(iid«c4rf 
OattcJtfe, fce., Altenburg, i«(7 [Berlin Library L and the 
second enlarged ed,. Altenburg, 1449 [QSltisgen Li- 
brary;). Tba matt ItaporUnt bymn associated wllli tils 
noma is " War valia wis nana mlr niein Suit" (see p. 
£», i.). Auolber hymn (scrlbeo. to Mm ia : 

Wis fc»f idt n*ob Sat Wilt, tfBd illu ihr*a 
SehifavPF BtaiuiKiotut* 6f tit TrbrW. According; to 
J. AtcbvIwi In bb AianVrCdUtAimiur, Lelpiig, 17 H, 
b, £6, this hymn in written in itST, md emtg from 
BrodibeeW »t Altenbuig. It Is not however in his 
fiMfe&fe, n shore, either ill 1S6T « ISA). It U in. 
clwlfll, without illu nnnt, In lbs SUttiltitthtt VM- 
tt&nllatr G, B., Alteu-SteUln. nil, p. *1S ; *nd, 
wltb hU name, in tbe tTiUmbBrg 0. £., l?Ii, ed. by J. 
M. Sckmwlira, In tin ptrJiii 17. L. g^ ed. lata, No. 991. 
It k founded on 1 Jnbu II, H-lT, and i* In * «t. of » I, 
U S In sub at. Mug, " Wn ftigieb uch der Wrtl." 

The only (r. 1j: " Can I thlt worid entcto." l)y f>r. S, 
MilU, Hit (litt, p. loa [J. M.] 

Pftll, OhriBtOpb Carl Ludwig, 
Baron, van, tm* b> Jmiu«t 20, 1712, at 
GrtJastsdt, near Worms, wlisre his lather, 
Qairiu Heuutloh t. Pftil, woe then in the ser- 
Tice of tbe Count of Lejuingen. Ho nutrt- 
ouiated at the University of Halle in 1726, m 
« student of lav. After oompletioff bis ccuree 
at the University of Tubbigen, he was ap- 
pointed, in 17S2, 'Wiirttauber^ «ectetary of 
legation at Regemburg ; tban, in 17ST, Jiuiiz- 
und-BeglertiagBrath at Stuttgart i in 1745 
Tutelar -raths-Priisident ; in 17«S Eieiidireo- 
torlalgesaudter to the Bw»bi(w Diet ; in 1758 
0«iieiiu LegatuwiiLrath ; and in 1759 Gebeim- 
reth. Ho teund himself however at last no 
longer able to co-operate in oarrving out the 
absolntium of Uw Wlirttenibeijc prime liiinistei 
Count Montmartln. When his renioniitkin 
was accepted, April 13, 17GB, he i^tUW ta tbe 
estate of Dtufatetten, near Crailaheim, which 
he bad purchased in 1TG1. In Sept, 1763, he 
was appointed by Frederick the Qie&t as 
Qsbelmratb, and accredited Prusedao minister 
or ambassador to the Diet* of SwoMa and 
Fittticoiua. He was tbereaftcr created Baron 
by the Epperor Joseph II., and in 1765 re- 
ceived the cross of the Bed Eagle Order from 
Frederick the Great An intermittent fever 
which developed Etnelf in Aagngt, 1783, con- 
Huei him to bed, where be reinajned till his 
ftefttb, at Dmrstetten, Feb. 14, 1784 (Zoon r. 
176 ; J%- Deidwft* BioQ. m. 6*o> 

v. PJWL wis * nun at imp sod emtiine J>i*ty. Hla 
kimirk-iirilliitf begin Inmuillitelx iftM 1 tbe sblrttiiil 
c£ia|htwlitcblic aiptrlcnccd vbtM 1Mb S. ifitrTrtclty, 
1J30 ; snd ti cniitihUMl ta be s ttvovm* aecdutum, *s- 
pectiUy in hla later j«un it D«ubutl*tL He waa one 
of th* meat jTodnctiYe of GanBttt hvHut-irrttert, bii 
priniUd bynuia betag about flia, beslihi hiist la He, ' 
His Pulin Ta*t«D) of U'l in wlpl nwter fssawn, j 



PHILLIWOBE, GREVELLE S&3 

Osnnsii. Tb« ottwr liymna priuttd Jn hit lifetime Kt- 
penwl in bis (I) tifrfn- rnidip qjfestartos ;/errtu*iMi 
snd- ZKi;i«t/t do JEjTTji, Esiilnreo, iTtl, Had ed. Mam- 
mrnearj, IT**, ■• JjucaJvpcCt^ Lti&r em tier, fa. 
(1) jPoanfdtKfet (i(*ifij*ur\ Hesunlo^ii, ngs, win 
Mi hymn! dttlt^ Emm IT39 to lTei, ediied cy J. a. 
SdMllinra. (a) gcanpJitcKi Ws«tK!S(-vna1 Htncfu- 
BOmge. Dtolcelebtthl, 1T5J, w|«i JiO bydtni d*dnr 
imin 1TS1 to HaS, la recent Usua a mmiber of bit 
hymns hiTe come Into (ierman use (iheT cricJnsllT m- 
Mired, it miut be remembera!, durlns <M RllillDAllMU 
I'rtlud), and Kn»pp iiwluifit at of tbeoi ta big Be. L. S„ 
1H1U. Two h»T( jKOKd luto English, -ris. :— 

I, AnO»bd*r0lbriit«(tifetmn. BurM. Wrlt- 
testnlTM. latjmb. in No. J, HaJ, u abort, p, 201, In 
10 Bt., tnUtled, "We afeg jOTfuliy of Victory at tba 
psve or tbe rifhteotu ; tbe risbt hunt of tbe Lord hilb 
gotten Him tbe victory." k tbe Beilfn ti. L. &., si 
1M3, No, 1433. IV. at, '■Tbe Chrfttkan* gru-e with 
$t>y we see," by Dr. G. Wslktr, law, p. 111. 

II. Weil eioem Hsu*, 4s Tend Ciriet, -Aunty 
Pmtt*r. let jmb. In go, 4, insi, •« abore, Ne. SI. In 
s *t, of i i., entftKd, " DrllrbtM picture of a bnuas 
rtti nr'ee tat Lotd. On tbe Parents of Jena." Jt iris 
•ppmntly wrrttea Tur tbe 1st B. after (Jpibbsny, IV**, 
In tbe Pit*. I. £, 1BH, No. Da. - 



Oh blest fa* boat*, 



Tr.asj 
wasta^n ^***^u 



A sood tor,. 



omtuliw tt. IL. vi„ by Ml« Wlnkworth, In b*r 0. B. 
/or Atjtuuf, 1W3, No. its. Inclndlng, oullllng tbe 
tri. of n. Ill, v., and adding ■ tr. of it. vl., h No. 3U 
In lbs Ohio inr*. ^d,, issn. [J. M.] 

Phfllan, Charlotte Elisabeth, fjioaua, 
ex.] 

Phelps, Sylvaniw Dryden* n,u^ waa 
b. at Soffleld, Connecticut, May 15, lSltv and 
edqcBte4 at Brown University, where be gr»> 
duated in 1S44. In 1846 be became pastor of 
the drat Baptist Chnrcn, Kew Haven. Pr, 
PhelpB is the Editor of The ChritUm Start- 
taty, Hartford. Hie publications include, 
El^qaenix of Nature, o«d Other Fount, 1842 ; 
StmH^M and HeartMigM, 1856: the PotTi 
Song, l&fft, Ao. He is the aulbor of the fol- 
lowing hymns : — 

1, Cbrbi, Who came my nuL la ut*. Hoty Sttptfm. 

1, Did Xuns weep tat nu T Lent. 

5, S»TionT, Tby dylBB Una. FiutlotttidS. 

t t Sana of diy, arlH from number. irMes JliunHU. . 

5. Tbfa rtia out bleu Hsds«ner gsvs. Abty fojitiiM, 

Of these Not. 1 and 4 appeared in the 
Baptist ed- of the Plymouth Coil, 1657 ; Nob, 
2 and 5 in the Baptist UfiPcWomii £■. Bk., 
1864 ; and No. 8 tn flltMpei H{w., 1st series, 
and Lawk* Dotoiui, 188*. [F. M. B.] 

FhUUmore, GievUlfl, K.*., was b, in 
1821 «id educated at Westminster, tbe Ohar- 
terhonaB, and Christ Chnrcii, OiE»d (su. 
1842T). TsJting Hdy Orders in 1843, he be- 
same Vicar of Downe-Ampt»ey, Crictlnde, 
Olouoesterahirt, in 1851, Beotor of Henley-on- 
Thames, 1867, and of Ewehne, 1888. He d, 
Jan. 20, 1884. His FarocMal Sermon* were 
pub. in 1856. He was joint editor with H. W. 
Beadon and J. H. Woodford (afterwards Biabop 
of Ely) of Tie PariA Bjfmit Book, 1863 (195 
hymns), and the enlarged* *d., 1875 (271 
hymns), The drst ed. of this coUeetfan was 
one of the first hymn-boose which ga*e Or. 
Keale'e ira. of Greek hymns for congregational 
use. To the 1863 ed. Mr. Phillimore con- 
tributed the following hymns, several of which 
have been repeated in otb£r collections : — 

1. Cbrlti, tbrongb. grief and b)U we earn*. Aiipkaxy 
a. Derkiy frowns the ttKxv Sky. Btoi PrOay 
stating and Eaittr -Bvt. 
a, Evht mornfni they ne new, (8e* p. *», I.) 
1. Lonely In ber virgin bmnc. Jssuncfsdnt e/ Ma 

i. b ft** ml Utile ft/ik, Sfturillt q/ fat pturrfi *n 
(?*r*l, 



894 *n3 'IAAPON 'AHAS A0KH5 

o. O'ld, before the win's bright tieams. .Ifaminff. 
7. Gud, (lie wmtj paUl «' " fe - ^ ufc! « ! Wiwrttj). 
S. Lord of hmllh and lift, whtt Wnpift Cun tell, 
.SfefaAdny. 

9. Ps»«s be in tbe htioje rf death. £bcn^ b «r Jw- 

10, Saul, why such furious hate, soch MimM idul> 
(tiii«rivnil/& /Villi. 
ii. Thou art gone up on high, Why gaze tney> fee 

In addition some of Mr. Phillimore's (r*. 
from the Latin were given in tl« 18*53 ed. of 
the Partfh S. Sk. ; and other original hymns 
which hto annotated under their respective 
first lines, His hymn for Saint* Days, "■ O 
Lorf of eltfry. King of taints," Wis included 
Ju the 1875 ed. of Uutt oollectkm. Phillimore's 
Sermons and fly*, wore pub. in 1S84. [J. J.] 

<&«o? iKapop arjias &ofp}<!. Hie author 
of this hymn, whiah. is found in the Service 
Hook of the Greek Ohnroh as a Vesper Hymn, 
is unknown. It was qiu>tcd by St. Basil in 
the 4th. century as i>f unknown authorship 
and date (De Sp. Snatetn ad Amphilochivm, e. 
29). Its unrliest printed form is in Archbishop 
Ufiher 'a De Sijmbotit, 1647, his teat being taken 
from two Gixelc uss., one supposed to ho of 
the 12th, and the lecond of the 14th century. 
Bouth also giYes it in his Enli^ti. Saw. Hi. 
299, Add Daniel In his Thet. JTi/mn. iii. j). 5. 
the fnrm in which the original is printed 
varies in different worts, as iu the lym Apo~ 
tialita, 183G, p. 7* (ed, 1879, p. 79); Little- 
dale's fltfJees, £«%, o/ the Holt/ JSaeiern Chwr-ch, 
1863, p. 277, hut the teit is the Mfmi. It is 
tf follows; from Daniel : — 

4it lAaphv iyiat tifat, 

'Mardreo Jlarpbf ibpatrlm), 

'Ayiou, ftditapos, 

'Iijffav Xfifri, 

'E^edn-fs M t^f fafav Zfoar, 

'I$oWer ifws io'xffw'lw, 

"fyyoujitK HfftTf pa, Jml YToj, 

K«l 1'yioi' tlreS/ia #eoV, 

*A£i^r iff *V ir3o*i 

Koupou {hire urfu ijitwiuj 

'0<r(ttfs, &i &tov, 

2mi)r i BtZo&s Sib 

TliU by nib tv us sung in the ancient Church 
at tlie Lighting of the Lamps, and hence is 
Jukhyii ne " The Candlelight Hymn." IU 
modern use as a translate*! hymn is at Even- 
song-. It may be added thut in modern 
G-Teek liturcicu books it is attributed to 
Sophroiuiia (see OniL Symnndy, § xL), thirteen 
of whose oompositions bto giyeil ill Danitl iit 
pp. 20-46. 

Translation a in C, U. :— 

L Hut.' jlnJilMiint Llfbt, of Hli pure jlory 
fm*l. By J, Kghla, Th« ( r. sppcarnd in the 
British Magazine, 1834; ind ajain, togeth«r with, 
the GTeetteit, in Lyra Apottothd, 1S36, p. T3, 
in 1 et. of ID I., and aigoeii y. In 1863 it waa 
giTen in the Appendix to /£ J. ^ Jtf, jnd wn's re- 
pe&ted in the re vised ed., 1S75. Tlie sign y in 
the LijraApotiotira is that of th« Ke^. Jphn Keble 
fC»rJ. Kewmns'i A.prJwfilj 2nd ed,, p. 297, and 
ij^i Jj»s(. f 1879, p. viii.). In some edition* 
of the Lyra. Apattnlixt, the pigantiu'c is changed 
to * (i.e. Card. Nswman} in error. This has 
been corrected in the ed. nf 1379. This fr. it 
Tery populitr, lad ii in ejitcntiro use. 



*H1 'IAAPON 'ADAS AOEH3 

t, lisM of Uw ImeMrtsl FWta*r's glMy. liy G. 
W. fiethune, pub. in Mi iay* t,f Lorx and F«M, 
Sic., 1847, p. 137, in 2 st. at 8 i. This tn in in 
C. U, in America, including Hia Dutth Reformed 
H>j3. of the Chwvh, 18W, No. 911. 

S. GlMlAeiuaf Li^ht, «U-[l<iriiiiu Firs. By W. 
J. Ulcw, first printed an n fly loaf far the use 
of his cungregatics, 1849-51. and pub. in 1'tie 
Church tig. ^ Tune Book, 1852, in (J st. of 4 I. 
[t win repented in Rice's Sel. from that wort, 
1870) siul the "Twilight Hymn" of the 1VW- 
iVnjjfut! GAlq/a Chapel 1L Sk., 1D30, is the same 
with the amission af st. v., vi. 

1. tvjtal light of bilurt i»j. This was printed 
:a IS57, as No. 173 in the drflft Jfijawdi for tho 
Scottish Episcopal Church, and was given as No. 
152 iu the Additional Ps. $ ffgr. to the Scottish 
Episcopal It Bk., 1358. It was rewritten for 
I>r. Rorison s //ye. atiiptcd to the Ch. Services, 
ed. I860, as " Ghulilening light of holiest ray." 

I. OhhUt llfM of tlw Eolr Oloij. Dy Arch' 
bishop Benson. lit pub. in the WeilinyUrn 
Cofhot Chapel If. Si., lSfit), mid repeated in 
later editions. It hsis been set to mnsic by FA' 
UKiUdu, and is the matt literal tt< in C If, 

B, Briffatuu of tiie Immortal [Xteroal] 
Poller's ftwe, By E, W. EiMis. This if, wns 
fiven in the irvingite Ifymnt for the Ute »f the 
Chwchfs, IScVt, in S st. of 4 I, It is repeated, 
with slight alterations, in the S. I*. C [I. Chwch 
Hjs., 1871 ; Thviug's Colt., 1882, and others. 

7. D J*j*b1 ligit of God sust Hlgb. By W. C. 
Dii, givea in the People'' s H., 1887, No. 442, in 
3 st. of 4 L. 

j, jjjbt of flaaness, Bum dislu*. By W. 
Bright, in Ifys. for the Use of the Uuitersity of 
Oxfortl, m St. Xary'e Chwek, 1872. 

9. alaldailnr Ufbt, the trijH PoTti-jhcwiiit'. 
By W, Caote. Written for the fljmn*^, and 
given theitin, 1872, in 4 st. of 4 1. 

10. Kill ukritds lo^at, part fmm tbs ImiiUitll 
Sin, By W. J. Irons, in his I*$, $ H$s, for the 
Chwcfi, 1S75, in 1 sL of 8 1. 

TrasUtwni not in 0, IT. ; — 

1. Jems Cartel. Bket Llgjst of IJglrt, S, Woodford. 
rataphrate 'if the Osnittia, Ac., 14TS. 

J. Tbon hehtMnne day, tbe Jujful shine. Jftrafi'an 
//. Bt„ t»ai, l. iw. 

3. Giver of life ! Jesus r the cheering Light. W. W. 
Hull, 18K, Ik. 141. Aleo us thaeune jujtei etute O'. 

J. Very ItgJit tb«t shin'dl above. By J. lit N'eile In 
bis J?i-«iio/J*biUi. IBM). 

*. U gliiwnn Lt B bt MthtFuyitt ImuwrtlJ, H.¥. 
Longlflkw, in The Ooldcn fxgaitl, lbSl, 

4. Jarful light of hoty glvty. Mn, Charles's Ori*- 
tian liifi in SsSjj, isss. p. :i. 

7. Joyftl Light, nf I,fglit ifnldimiMl. n. UaultiJe, 1q 
his IFyi. * iyrici, 1S4T. 

B. Propltions Light cl holy glnlTy. A. W. Ch»tHeld. 
Sraj7* Hud JJjmnf, tt, 1»J«, p. ISi. 

I. Holy Jeaai, binned Light. Jf . M. M*fjlill. Srmgi 
«f <ft* (AnMutd Crcrat and /^e, l»7S-9. 

Id. Student Light et th* hifty glory. H. BousT. Sun, 
day of /Kntte, ihts. 

II. Holy Lord of huvan we bleis The*. "T. T, C. f * 
fCauin T. 1. Clurton (f)J in IS* C un^in, Jan. 24, 
1993. 

Card. Newman has also glveu a prose ren- 
dering in his tr. of Bp. AndreWes' J}evotions, 
1842. This Is sometime* used, as in. the Ap- 
ptntlix to St. Joha't HyimUll, Aherdeen, 1851, 
and also in Hie Introitt preUxod to some edi- 
tiowoCfl. A. 4 iff. [J.J.] 

'PtilTetVi] ire, <f>u>$. CAviimif Tpi^upsr.] 



PIERPOINT, FOLLiOTT S. 

Pierpoint, Fcdliott Bandford, a.i^ s,cf 
William Home FierpoiDfc of Bath, was b. at 
Spa Villa, Bath, Oct. 7, 1B35, sad educated at 
Queen's College, Cambridge, graduating in 
classical honours in l87t. Hums pnb. The 
Chalice of ttdnri and Other Fount, Bath, N.n. 
This was republished in 187$ as Sungi of Love, 
The Chalice ofNatUrt, and Lyra /<S*n. He has 
also Contributed hyiuna to the Chsrchtactn's 
CaQipanifui (Lond, Masters), the Irf/ra £uclui- 
rittien, &c. His hynm cm tie Cross, " O Crew, 
O Cross of thame," appeared in both these 
works. He ifl most widely known through :— 

F» eh* beatrty »f tin earth. All; CraMHiitm, or 
Mower Sctv&cj. This ra contributed id (be Snd ed, of 
Orty Shiplay'i J,y™ fiisftarirtica, l8tt, in 8 at. of * L, 
ti * hymn to to sung at the celebration of Hiily Ooni- 
munlon. In lliis form It knot miuaUy round, hptlns.w 
sometimes Id Si lUmit, It in extensile); used (or Flower 
ServloH and »i a Chlldireifa hymn, [J, J,l 

PierpOnt, John, a. of James Fierpont, of 
Litchfield, Connecticut, wat b. at Litchfield, 
April 6, 1765, and educated At Tide College, 
where he graduated in IS04- After fulfilling 
engagements as & Tutor in New Haven, and in 
CljftrieatO'Wn, South Carolina, he wns admitted 
to tho Bar in 1812. Shortly aflei he retired 
and went into business, only to leave it also, 
and to pass on to Harvard College as a 
student in theology. In 1819 he succeeded 
Dr. H alloy as the pastor of the Unitarian con- 
gregation jl * Hollis Street, Iloston, At length 
his zeal agaiuet intemperance and slavery 
caused him to resign hid charge in 1810 (see 
Lothrop's Proceedingi of an Eocl. Council in 
t&e case of the Hniiis tliriet Meeting and the 
i?ep. j. Pierjxmt). At this date he pub. his 
Poem* & Hymns, Including bis anti-slavery 
and femperauoe poems rtud songs. In 1&1A 
ho became tlit> pastor of an Unitarian con- 
gregation at Troy, New York, This he 
vacated for Fuiother (it Mcdftird, Mftwwluiaotta, 
in 1840. That he resigned in 1859. When 
over 7* vcbib of ftge lie became Chaplain 
in the United States Army (1862), *nd was 
Anally a (Snvomrnont clerk in the Treasury 
department at Washington. He d. suddenly 
fit Medford, Ang, 27, 18G6- Fierpont's pnbli- 
cations include Air* of Palestine, 18 16, some 
Khuol books, and his Poemt & Svmtit, IfcHQ 
and ISM. His hymns in C, (J. include: — 

1, Another &„ ft, aanrae hath, ion. JScsnian;. Ap' 
peered in Hj/t. /or Ohil&rtn, Boston, 1&2S ; In Qraen- 
woq&'s chepd LiinTd, issi i and in the author's 

Fnait .ffj*,, 1840. 

I. Break forth la teat;, ye tree*. PuMfc fMratfa- 
(n'oiiTf. Written for (be Second Centennial Dslebratron 
of the gatlkment of Boston, Sept. 17. IsM, and included 
In tbe r«nu A /)ii„ isia. 

1. Bniui the taiil and par tao Trim, JWy Orat- 
Btwtisn. In Horrii'i Sat. Jot tilt LuriTt Supper. IBM, 

1. r»tlar, whila wo fnuk Uw brt*4. «*y Rub- 
munfoti. 

I, Ood Almiflty snJ All-lMJD|;. ffrfw'tMll ^r *** 
RHJisr. Comtrlniited t4 Ellis Hilton's (bug. B t SK, 
Hasten, 1SS1. 

d. Oid of mniT, da Tbn mnr. OrdCniiJiim. 
Written for th« OnUmUlom or John B. t. Storer ot 
Wrilfralt, Nflv, IS. JSMj kh4 pub. in tbft iUthul'i 
J'mmt.ic. lata, 

T. Ooi o( tw frtl<™, in WIhik tiihi. lows </ 

IVHtlt (iStiTCd, This hjTDll fa COBlfKKftl of si. Ix., x. 
Cf « lijfirra TfTitten tut IB* CJlifliflOU'll CentEnnil], 
juni 11, 1SML In tJiie ffttm a was given In tie Boston 
Art. n/(ilt (S^rinV, WS4, iftd others. 

i Qtu dm tnoae jn»t *nj fMd, JrtrW, IVrilten 
In 18S4. Put of No. S UDOTt. 

». I Hiuut Mkt iici dud. Gone B^ftmi, "Apart 
cf SB cxijnliiltdf tsiKtalng and toanlUal {mm of (*n 



F1L0BIM, EUBDENED WITH 895 

«t«ni«s. OTlghuuy printed in lbs JfonHtj JKntUas*, 
OcL 1*40." 

ID. l<ttl»itai*ir«]otj*. J>ratM. 

11, Xichtj Ona, Whtt* Mill ia Hnl^, CTtflritatt! 
/w^iiiu<it«<. H r rlll«if(irtbe»tta[veii5«r)-u( thtHoviid 
Heneviilent Soelatf, Dae. isas, and included la tit 
minor's rotmt, Sc, ia*o. 

It. MT[0j G«d,i think Ti«th»ttt*lli)tht. flin»- 
iuj. AppsVred in hta Pmu, fee, IMo, In MirtlnFou's 
aymiu, ae., ia:a. It bagjua ■■ o God. I Ibank ThM T "ltt 

It 01hw Thine ev, eternal On openipp sf Divine 
Service. Tnla la dated ISSJ, bi|t was not Inrludtl In the 
dntJim'a Pond, 4c 7 191(1, ilUHmtgll one ot his tost p«H 
ductlcoa. 

W. Then to When in aaeiant tiau> Fniwrifli 
WerJJiijj. " Written for the octaleg of Iba Ljrfejrtndcnt 
CunfrestUkmtl Chuidi In Barton Sqnare, Saleai, Mas. 
sootioecUs, Dee. 7, 19M," and printed ai the close of the 
sermon preached by Henry Caiman on that day. It was 
given In ricipont'a Pcxsu, ie., Itifl, and ia found in 
ttveral collectioniin Great Britain and Amerhia. It Is 
widely known, 

II, Hon TTln> art abort all height. OrdinoiCott, 
"Written far tfaa OnUntiibn cf Mr. William Win-, ia 
ritM: Of tho First Congregational Church in frew York, 
Dec 18, 1851," andJm-iddBdlnkfiiJ'iKinf, ax., UUt. 

16, O Than Who on UnwWriwin4 rilee, VrfirotfuA 
efa Ptntx «/ Wertkia, Written for the opening or "lie 
Seinueu'i Bethel In Kcstqm, Sept. 11, IsJM, i»melimts 
gti-en as •* Thou Who np tie," its, 

IT- 1y*r Koinm'i ativan, ajt4 Stdem's betfht, 
CriAienanr, One of eight hjjjiTij cpntrlbnh'd to I>r, T* 
M, Hirrii'n ^i. /or (1> Jjmi'j jojgpcr, IS JO. It Is In 
Martlneau'a Ngaint, fco,, l4nd,, IS'3, and Oilier*, 

18. On taut sterna, now laU wtth pramr. /oimiJn- 
tjan.itoNc iftinto. Written for tie Wing ot tlie 
ooTneT^rone ol ■luBolk Btreet CJjiptl, Stnfejn. wr the 
Klalatry of the Four. Maj 23. leas. 

U. with. TOy pure dewa and rain, *4oa£nfi $Umrif, 
Writlen tor the African f-j!oni»tl™ SodWT, and In- 
clnded in Cbeever'* AmfTlcsn umumti Puee Jut, 
L831. Not in toe author's PMsii, fee, 1W0, 

Fierpont's talents, as a hymn-writer, as in 
ollwr fields, were respectable ruther than com- 
noatidingt but to enetfcetically ernployed as to 
make their mark. Thus, although he neTer 
wrote a single hymn that can be called a great 
lyric, yet lie has attained to a prominent 
position iu American hymnody, [P. M, B.] 

Kereon, Artlmr Tappfm, d.t>,, was b 
in New York city, Marcli f), lS&7,and educated 
si Hurailton College. He entered ihe Pres- 
byterian ministry in 16HiO, and was pastor 
ancceseively in Binghamptwi and in w u tcr- 
fiwd, Kew Tork, and Fort Street, Dt-lroit: 
his last charge being the Bethany Preeby tcrian 
Cbnrch, Philadelphia. (JJuflleld'g English 
ffyams, 18e% p. 576.) Dr. Fierson's hymns 
include: — 

1. Once I was dead In sin. ITaiie/vr Satvatien. 

2. The Gmpcl or Iby grnof. The Lent of Ood in 
Chrilt. 

3. To Thee, 0,<Jo4 [Loid], «o raiae, lH«im Jme- 

t. With harps and with tIoIs fherA stand a gnat 
throng. fJte JV*» sa\g. 

Of these hyinns, JTo. $ is in Hya. and Sana* 
rf Prates, X, V,, 1874, *nd the Iflwfee Domini, 
N. Y., 1684 ; nnd Nob, 1, ^ 4, arc in I. D. 
Sankey's Baaed 8. and Sotog. [J. J,J 

Kljirini, burdened wltri thy sin. O. 
Crabbe. [The Chriiliaa PUgrini.ll In tho 
prefaco to tlie 1607 ed. of bis work, The TiTIdos, 
Crabbo aaya concerning Sir Eustace Grey ; — 

" In lie ttory cf Sir Sulfa™ Siql an attempt la 
mode to describe; the wanderings of a inlnd first irritated 
hy the conseq^pencea of error and nuafortnne, and after* 
trarna soothed by a apeclea of entbnsUBtib eoniersioa, 
■till keeping him insane; a taak very dlBlxnht and, if 
tbe preaiunptfon of the atUmpt may Bsd pardufi, It will 
not ha refused to th* failure of the pftrt." 

Tho scene of this story is a raadhouac, and 
the persona are a visiter, the physieian, and 
tho paiioat. Sir Eustace, tbe patient, eifos 



896 



PCtlE, ALEXANDER 



bis history Is detail. Be was the lord of the 
manor, had a wife, two children, and a/riesd ,- 
the wife is seduced by tbe friend ; a duel In 
which the friend is kilW ; wife pines nway | 
loth children die ; ia himself distracted ; 
plagued by two frienda ; found peace at last 
in tbe 8nti of Mercy ; and gives a specimen of 
the preaching through which be was sayed. 
This specimen La :^ 

" Fllarim ! buTtonsl with thy ifn, 

Cvae tie »ay to Zlon'i jite ; 

Then. LU1 mercy ipesb) within, 

Knack, tad wtep, uid witch, «4 writ i 
Knack— lie knows t£w (Inner' ( crri 

Weep— H* loves tbe tnonioeT'i te*n ; 
W*Unj— for m-tng grmce Is ulgn ; 
Wall— <ttl he»T<nly light ippun. 
■• HiTfc ! It 1> tit Bridtgnom's voIm, 
' Wdcom*, riUgrlu '. to ibj rest.' 
Hurt within the *»te [(Jijlc*. 

S»tt, tnd Belled, and bought, tnd Gl«tt 
Sift — from ill the lures of vli* { 

Sealed— fcy a jot the chosen know ; 

Bought— by \Cfwt ltd lib the prk*; 

BUal— IIm might; debt to Off*. 

" Holy pilgrim ! whit mr thee. 

In i world like Hilt n?m*1ni P 

from thy guarded om<l shall flee 

Fesr uk! shame, and doubt, end jwln; 
Feat— the hope of lttaven (lull 5y i 
Sfaune—lroin glory's tI«w retire ; 
Doobt— tn certain raplnn die ; 
Ptln^-m endless blfas expire." 

These atauiDH, when detaohed from their 
melancholy surroundings, form a somewhat 
spirited hymn, and as such, they bio in nee ia 
Great Britain and America, [X J.] 

Pirie, Alexander, was for some time a 
minister Sti connection witli the Antiburgher 
Synod of tbe Presbyterian Church of Scotland. 
He was appointed in 1760 a teacher of the 
Philosophical Class In the Theological Semi- 
nary, New Yt&k city, but was suspended 
shortly after and expelled from tbe body. 
On joining the Burghers he returned to Scot- 
land and became the minister of a congrega* 
tlon in Abernetky. In 1T6B he joined the 
Independent*, and was minister of a eongrega- 
Hon at Newburgh, Fifesbire. He d. in 1804. 
In 1777 ho pnb. Ptabnt, or Hyturti founded 
a* tome important Postage* of Ssripturs, 
From this work two well-known hylnns have 
ocaae down to modern collections through 
tho 8q#. 5omj* ond -Hj** ok F. fannies of 
fort'frfurs /or (fe .Btete Jfefve/ CftwtJi, Campbell 
SL, Qhtaow, 1701. These are :— 

1, Come, 1st w Juln in [oqr] mugs of fu-jluu, Tp OUT 
tpoended Priml. AtarOHoH. 

% With Mtty'i lcv« withuut her {tar. AUIet. 

[J. J.] 

Pi»tar f HeUiioua. Little or nothing ia 
known of the life of this author, to whom it 
attributed the grand hymn oq 8i John the 
Baptist, " Pr»cUnnriB et BaptiBlie," whicih in 
KlTftn by Cliolitoveus (Elitddtd. lfilB, f. 192 b\ 
und Trench in his &at t Lot, Poetry, ed. lS7i, 
p. M, as well as by Daniel and others. Clich- 
tavens describes him au a Doctor of Theology 
in tbe UniT^wity of Fans, and a Monk of tbe 
Abbey of St. Victor, and states that he tool 
pert in tbe Counoil of Conetdnce (1414-141$% 
which would fix the time be liyeu to the end 
of Ibe 14th and the bcgioning of tho 13th 
centuries. Archbishop Trench says of him 
" that the writer * {of the poem mentioned 
above) " w« an aueomplubed tbeologiao. li 
nUin; sod no ksa ao that be was trained 



PLASMATOB HOMINIS DETJ8 

in tbe school, and formed upon the model, of 
Adam of St, Victor." In the Jtff»flf of St 
Victor, pnb. at Parts in 1629, a sequence on 
St, Sebflstiiu, beguiling " Atbleta Stbasti- 
anus," is also ascribed to Pistor. [D. SL IV,] 

Plasmator homlniB Deua. [Friday. 
Evening.] Tliie hymn is ptobably of the 7th 
cent Motts, Ko. 2S0, gives the tent from a 
us, of the Htli cent, at DarmstAdt, ifi., and at 
l.p, S72, cites it oa in an 8Ui c*nt, ws. at Trier; 
giving it as his opinion that it In later than St 
Gregory the Great. Daniel has the text at 
i., No. 51, with the title, " On tbe work of the 
Sixth Day [of the Creation] " ; and in his notes 
at iv. p. 52, ranks it among hymns composed 
in the 7th or 9th cent., and cites it as in a 10th 
cent. Bhelnan us. Among- the British Mnsenm 
Baa. it is found in three 1 1th cent. HymnsrJea 
of the English Church (Vesp. D. xii. f. 2i ; 
Jul. A. Ti f. 30 ; Harl. 2961, f. 22i6>, an 11th 
cent Bre'riarv of the Bpitnish Church (Add. 
30S48, f. 78 b), Ao. It ie in a us. of the 11th 
cent at Corpus Cnristi, Cambridge (391, page 
237); in two uss. of the lltii cent at Bt 
Gall, Nos. 337, 414; and in the Lot. Hy*. of 
the Anglo-Saxon Church (Surtees Society), 
1851, w printed from an 11th cent hs, At Ihir* 
ham (B. iii. 32, f. 9). Its universal use in 
mediaeval times was at Vespers on Friday. 
In the fl&moti Breviary of 1633 it U recast, 
and begins ""^■'' Euptmt Oouditor. The 
originsl Conn is in the older Roman (Venwe, 
1478), Sarvm, York, Aberdeen, Pari* of 1643, 
and other Breviaries. Also in Watktma Jti, i., 
No, HB; Hgnutariam Soritb., 18S1, p. C6, 
and in G. M. Dreves'a Hj/mnartlU Hoi* 
noeensu, 1888, p. 33, from a 10th cent. VB. 
The JJohws Hree. text Is in recent eda. of the 
Annan Brtt. ; in Daniel L No. Si ; and Card. 
Newman's Bymni Eoctettae, lSSS and 18S5. 

[J. M.] 

Th« hymn has been Jr. into English as 
follows: — 

L Fluaitn amlnla two* The trt. of tldl 
teit are : — 

1. ttua Fufaiosu tf maa, lard. By W. J. 
Blew, in his Church Hy. and Timt Sk^ 18M- 

1856, sad in Jtice'i Sol. from the isme, 1870. 

1. lUk*r*f Baal trout Haavea Thj thmw. By 
J. &. Chamheri, in lilt Ptaiter, 1852, p. 316, 
Thi» was rsfwatod in the 18S4 ed, of the H„ 
Wtfedi la tlu People's 11^ 1867, end others. 

8. Uniin I fHw ft»~ lm™*& Tky tkrt»«. By 
J. D. Chamhers. This is Mr. Chamber*'* re 
vised Sunt m" Ho. 2 f pnb, in his Lattdtx Syon, 

1857, p. 63. 
Ofbr tts, ue; — ■ 

1. Ood, irhlch dUest man create. /YAmt. itss. 

3. God, IVem Who** work nunUnl did tprag. 
Printer* Kit. 

J. Qna Hsluj *T the hsajn nxn. In T. DouWriiT'i 
Ajnaiunitm Angtitaitfi. H*4. 

iL w^ii^i. npou OgmUtH, This, tbe Boman 
Breviary text, is (f, as : — 

1. Man's (Drexelgn ftuoer. Who ilinyr. Primer. 
1S8I. 

1, Hm'g nOT*nslgii God, u> Wbum we owe. J*Hmer. 
17W, Jn 0. Shipl*T'i jitinm Stiutia, IBfil. 

i fatber rf m*n, Whose eevtRlfn will. ^p. JL 
Jtaif. 1S37. 

*, Holv frMtor of ManKlnd. J. J. B. Btpe. lit*. 

i. IiOttll it Whose word tU life cuae forth. Jj. ^. 
ffjOunm. 1Mb. 

t, Who awd*st nut to In. W. J, <3jp*iti istt, 



PLEASANT ABE THY COURTS 



1. Utter of gun, Who by Tfaysetr. X, Cbtmril. 
1M». 

S. Whom all Oder, Maker of mm, fa;, 
man, 1853 and 1M8. 



(Sinf. Aiw 
[J. J.] 

Fleaaemt aw Thy courts above. JT. 
J". LuU. [!*». laswrfe.] Pub. in bis Sfcrfrif o/ 
ft* I'talnut, 1834, in 4 sr. of 8 1., and again iu 
later editions. Its use in all English-speaking 
countries is extensive, and it is nsiriairy given 
iu an unaltered fonn, as iu If. J. 4 JttT, the 

5, F. C. K- CJt«m* ify«., Ac In the 9. F. G K. 
jBytmu, 1852, No. 1*2, A portion of this hymn 
was given in 4 st.of 4 L, as "Happy they that 
find a rest" [See Zssltan, EeiUjI, § xvn.] 

[J, X] 
Plume, Mm. XT. D., a nam d* plume of 
Mrs. Yon Alatyne. 

Flumptre, Edward Hayes, D.&., s. of 
>Ir. E. H. Plumptre, was b. in London, Aug. 6, 
1821, and educated at King's College, London, 
and University College, Oxford, graduating 
■a a double Jhrat Id 1844, Ho was for some 
time Ft] low of Brasenose. On taking Holy 
Orders in 1816 lie Tapidly attuned to a fore- 
most position as a Theologian and Pmncher. 
His appointment have been important and 
Influential, and include that of Assistant 
Preacher at Lincoln's Inn ; Select Preacher 
at Oxford ; Professor of Pastoral Theology at 
King's College, London; Dean of Queen's, 
Oxford ; Prebendary in St. Paul's Cathedral, 
London; Professor of Exegesis of the New 
Testament in King's College, London \ Boyle 
Lecturer; Griafield Lecturer on the tieptua- 
giut, Oxford; Examiner in the' Theological 
schools at Oxford ; Member of the Old Testa- 
merit Company for the Revision of the A V. 
of the Holy Scriptures ; Rector of Pluckley, 
1869 ; \icar of Biekley, Kent, 1873 ; and Dean 
of Wells, 1S81, Dean Fluniptre'a literary pro- 
ductions have been very numerous and im- 
portant, and embrace the classics, history, 
divinity, biblical criticism, biography, and 
poetry. The list as set forth iu GrockfortTt 
(Xsrical ZWrecforjr is very extensive. His 
poetical works include Ltaartn, and Oiktr 
>ddw, 1864; Afanter avd Sebolar. 1866: 
Things Nmc and OW, 1£84 ; and translations 
of Sophocles, jEschylus, and Dante, As a 
writer of sacred poetry he ranks very high. 
His hymns are elegant in style, fervent in 
spirit, and brood in treatment. The subjects 
fioHm are mainly those associated with the 
revived Church life of tlie present day, from 
the Processional at a Choral Festival to 
hospital work and the spiritual life in schools 
and colleges. The rhythm of his verse has a 
special attraction lor musicians; ita poslry fyt 
the cultured, and its stately simplicity for the 
devout and earnest-minded, The two which 
have attained to the most extensive use in 

6. Britain and America are " Rejoioe, ye pure 
in henrt," and " Thine arm, O Lord, in days 
of old." His in. from the Latin (see ladex), 
miwy or which were made for the Hymmry, 
1871 and 1873, are very goad and musical, 
but they have not been used iu any way iu 
proportion to their merits. His Original 
hymns In C. tf. include : — 

1. Xduld tow |*tn th* laury adthb Ttt Trout- 
figuration. Written for sol fliet pub, Id. tie S. F. C. K. 
C\*r<A Hyr., isjl. 

S, I« all Toy wiutleu anmtiH, Xatienei Bymn. 



PLUNKET, WILLiAM C B97 

Wrfrua for the Jubilee or Queen VIcIotIh, ]*b7, and 
set u mute \rj C. W. taTington, ]t wag print*!, to- 
gether with the Notional Anthem adapted Ha- tfaa 
Jnbtlee, in ConiJ tfordf, 1BH1. 

t Lo, Hnmnv ovnss mhIiI Harvctt. IVritttn la 

Kent, of which tbu uvilHir vii (hen rwlor. Mid pub. la 
th* Eume ^ear Sd tla^ ^pniuiry. No. AGS, 

t. Jbmh, nuwh, *nw«a nUlcrs trua. Pmxt- 
tiBKol vt Ckawl J-^dvali, Written ta ISM for (lis 
tpiie of OxrtVa Haicb of iluf ISr««Utt« In t bt Ontorki of 
J3i, rt tae r«qiK9t «t tbe Kct. Htary WUts.Cbspkliiof 
toe Savoy, mid Ural used In tlut Ctuptt. II w*» enln». 
qaentVy pubiintDe Siwj Hjmnrirj.M.D [18DJ, in 4 it. 
of 4 I. ; ia » CbutsI FestillJ buok it Prtfrboreajh, sad 
In. toe 3. P.O. K. ChvnA Jfyi., 1ST1. 

I, Liffat, Winn beuu iLmaint iTJ. Tfte War, 
Ifte IrulA, end tt* Lift. Written Jb MiyJSM.uiii run- 
In ail jjiioi™, otw o/A<f Jtwsit, l»«i, Atflire of Brt 
HymTis fin SdiMl lad College. It fnewd iirto tho lets 
Jmettiiit to JT. J. * JCltid aRiln intQothErcolleetlonB. 

8. Lord Df Juata, ^U Juwvn poHWifi Jbr^SooI 
Or tlrflroi. Written fn Mmy, ISM, mij jiqb, |o bU 
idmnu and riftcr Jtmii, lKIt in 5 Bt. of ( I 

7- Q praise the X«nl our Qed, />ro«aii:ruolDi(mij- 
jioinff J/jsui Written H»y ISS1, «ni W|h, la oil 
Jjusrui, qnd oiSfr /■(win, 1SS4, iq t it (tfs I. III?* 
most wlt«lle hymn furSunftay itXaxA eatlKrlngs, 

S. Kejolce, jvpunlaasut fvwnrisna! a! CHoml 
ftstirm, Wi1n«i la Jlay ihs, for tbe rrtfrtKirougl 
Cnoral Festival of thai year, and lint used la Pitw* 
knonffh Calbedral. In t£« amid year II was pub. wilt 
special music by NoKsllo t Co ; and sgiin [without 
music) tii tha led rt. of laianu, and (9tft!r Praij, 
1985. It tw Included in th* 16*4 Jrwidix to if. -i, <t 
Jf. with tba change In at. i.,1. 3, of "Tour orient buinBT 
■wave on blglu'* to " Tour/aitoJ tnnser waif on high," 
It Is more widely need than any other at tbe sutbur's 
hymn*. Authorised text In B. A. & If. 

!♦ Thin( junii bid, in dmyt ot old, " PoipiisU- 
Written In l*s* ftt n»e in Kln S p Cvlltie Hn.fjilt*l, 
Ijendon, and first ptHittd on » Hy-«li«t u"A H}nu) 
used iu the Cbspel of Klni'a CUkfc HDipiLil." It trua 
lacludrd In the 2nd «L or Lamrxt, ana Olbr Panu, 
VIK ; In tbt l«o»j£p»ttlut to H. A. ftjf. ; tlie S. P. C K. 
CAbtcH ^t., 1871 ; TLrlug's CM!., 1842 j shd many 
othei«. 

10. Thylmld, O Qod, hu gvUti, clmivh Btftnef. 
Inclndsdln tba 18SS Sttppitainml Byatu to H. A. d jr. 

Tho d<*luc Una or each StanU, "OnS Ctlitch, On* 
Fjtith, one Lord/' couh la with flue ettetx. 

Dean Pi umpire's itjfe of Jlp, K&i, 1888, ia 
an exhaustive and excellent work. The chap- 
ter on the bishop's three bynvna is well 
written, but should be read with tlie article on 
the same subject in this Dictionary, p. W7, i* 

[J. JO 

Plunged in a gulpri of dark despair, 
I. Watts. tPraiie to Jetta, fke iScdeonerJ 
1st pub. in his .HjiW. and Spiritual Songt, 170A 
in H st. of 4 1., and headed "Praise to the 
Rcrieimer." In G, Whiteneld's Hut. for 
Social fVorthty, Ac, 1759^ et i-iii.* ti,, viii., 
were given as No. 10+. Thin form of the 
text was repeated by M. Madan in his Ps, 4 
lift., 1760, with tho change in st. it., I. 4, 
or " He inn " to " He came to our relief." 
Through frequent repetition this became ihe 
recognised form of tbB hymn iu Church of 
England hymn-hooka. Other forms of the 
texi all beginning with the £(&t stausn, are 
also in 0- L7 In Gr. Britain and America. 

[J. J.] 

Pianist, William Conyngham, e-.tj., 
4th Damn Fluiiket, eldest s, of John, 3rd 
Baron, WOa b. in Dublin, 26 August, k&28; 
edncatt-d at Trlrity College, Dublin, where 
he graduated in 1833 ; and took Holy Orders 
in 1367. He whs Precentor of St. Patrick's 
Catlicdral, DubJin, from 1864 to 1876, when 
he was elected Bishop of MeaUi. In 18S4 he 
was tmnsluted to theArohdkcue *f Dublin^. 
His bynm * : Our l^oid Chris^liaih ■m s &i"~ 



898 PLYMOUTH BBETHBEN 

(Easter), wm first pub. in the Irish Church 
Hymnal, 1373, in 4 at. of 7 L It wu written 
for that collection ill 1S7S, to suit the tune 
" O Ursprutig lies Lebens," by T. Selle, So 
far cis we ua aware this is Lord Plunket's 
only contribution to hymnody. [G. A. C] 

Plymouth Brethren Hymnody. Tlie 
sect popularly known ab the Plymouth 
Brethren was in its earliest stage called ITS* 
Breihre-n, because its members professed, to 
meet solely on the ground that they were 
brethren In Christ. Eventually, however, the 
bianoh of it which met at Plymouth, Devon, 
chiefly from (he position, learning, and labours 
of its members, acquired so great influence 
in the society as to give it* name to the whole 
body, ami it was theiicefottli known as ifJie 
Plymouth Brethren- In giving au account of 
the hymns anil hymn-books of The Brethren, 
it is necessary to refer somewhat to the his- 
tory of the sect-. For the purpose of our 
article it will be convenient to divide thus ; — 
Period I. Fioin tlio Commencement of the 
eeet to the year 1S±8. Period tL From the 
year 1848 to 1883. 

Period J.— Between the years 182S-38 a 
custom arose in Dublin, Bristol, Plymouth, 
and elaoirhere for certain persons, irrespective 
of creed, to meet together for prayer, the joint 
study of the Scriptures, and mutual aid In 
spirit mil mutton generally. The principle on 
which they acted is thus put forth by one of 
their early associates, " the possession of tlie 
common life" (in Jesus Christ) and "that 
disciples should bear as Christ does -with 
many errors of their brethrtti." At first tlie 
assemblies bo formed did not in any way in- 
terfere wilh the worship of the members in 
the various churches and chapels to which 
they belonged ; indeed their meetings -were 
held at an early hour on Sunday morning so 
that they should not do so. But soon tlie 
separatist principle began to make itself mani* 
fost With many, separation from religious 
communities was held to bo the only means 
of promoting unity among Christians, and 
Anally Mr. Darby, on author of some repute, 
who at one tfmeheld an Irish curacy, gained 
so much ascendency as to bring the desired 
separation about, and their meetings liave 
ever since been held as distinct from other 
religious denomination*. They were united n* 
a body and known under ono name, Thi Ply- 
mouth BrethrsiSt till the year ISIS. 

This period produced many hymn-writers 
who put forth a grent number of hymns, some 
of which are very beautiful, and nil of which, 
willioitt doubt, helped either to form or to 
strengthen the Society. Tho principal hymn- 
wj iters during this period wtre tlie follow- 
ing:— Chapman, It. C. ; Darby, J. N. ; Dock, 
J. (1.; Denny, Sir Edward, Bart,: Kelly, 
Thomas (?) ; Tregelles, S. Pridcani, ii*D. : and 
Wigram. G. V. 

The hymn -books put forward and used by 
the Plymouth Brethren during this period 
were many. They include ; — 

CO iijwtf for Itciu of tht C'lurci ef ckritl, by 
■R, L. Chapman, JlinitUt of tat Carpel, Jtarntfoptt. 
A. Hsir Edition, to allien la ifMed in Ajtptn&tt selected 
from Txrlooi Bonnes by John Cbipenm. (Flrat edition. 
13JT0 Reprinted issi. Lcpdon^ The nnmberof liy mns 
Vrtrten by E7C; Cbiproln in in all 5g, Those collected 
huml?eT™l&VoTHi u-c, ag Ibe iltle aola iur[L, hj v^riura 



PLYMOUTH BBETHBEN 

anthota. ecm* at uboEi w*r* Brethren, tod on of otber 
(koamliulliitg. An»ngat the Brethren, Derby, Deefc, 
Denny, and Kelly tie found, 

(U) A SW«()'rjJl (f tlmunt by Sir Edward Denny, 
But. London end Dublin. 1st ed. 1939. Tbu book 
contains many bymns by Ok editor, et least 34 feeing 
written by himeelt Chapmen, Darby, Deck, Kelly, 
Tregall**, Wi|r*Bi auangst tbe Hretimn are also nun- 



fa) Hyvmlfor Ax Poor iff the Flack. 163S, London. 
Kdited by G. V. Wlgrsm, Wben waipuvL -with Uh 
ftngohij; tills selection contains especial feature, namely, 
11 Hymns arranged fl* Special Occaslone." ejr. Sa 
" Baptism," " Ckristdaa Sabbath," " Ewntnj;. " " Gn.as." 
"Iitndnctuiy to Pmj™," " Loid'a Uay," " Lafl'e Day 
KTeninj," " Lnd'a Daj Mfanlng," J Lord'a Suppar,*' 
i Momiiijr," - Pirting,'" ' Far Trial ind faJitnde. '' Tin 
bymoa In tbe bpdy of thia work are gathered Iraut a 
variety vt ooarcea. Of Brethren hymn-wrltera, I>eck 
and Kelly ue •tronBly ispreaeiited. Darby oral Cnap- 
man alK cantribnte. Tbe editor nruie one. The 
Appendix containa io liymna, and of titse Denny wrote 
crvena. 

(t) ytaimt and llt/muit atut Spiritual Srmgi, At 
Ttt* JVirtt, Fart I. "Intended specially Sir the united 
ncurship at lb* Children of God." liut li. ■Chiefly fur 
Private Medilttlmt." London, 18*2. This comulUllon 
Is tha work ot J. (4. Deck. Many writers eontribntei), 
FWn tiElr ow:i body Denny, Kelly, tntl Tregflles. 
Part L liaa HyOlra on UttfUl, llesuHMltoE, end the 
Locd'a Snppar. tart ii. rontuilM manyrhyniTiS Mmffif* 
to mast hyuiii-boakH. Denny caiutiibateit IE. D^rhy 
and tlie Editor ore also represented. 

Period Il.—ln 1845 a controversy began 
which ended in a division of the Plymouth 
Brethren, The Lord's Advent was ever a 
favourite themo with them, and it wtis a dif- 
ference of opinion on this subject between 
two of their leaders which was tbe primary 
cauee of tbe rapture. Mr. Darby promm* 
gated the theory that our Lord's coming- for 
His saints would be a secret earning 1 , i?hile His 
Coming to judgment would be open and seen 
by all. Mr. Newton, a man of high attain- 
ments and who had token Holy Orders, pro- 
tested against these statements^ Mr. Darby 
retaliated by aeoaniog- Mr. Newton (about tiro 
years later) with teaching heresy concerning 
the Humanity of our Lord in a pamphlet 
which the Brethren bad circulated for ten 
years. Mr. Newton withdrew the pamphlet: 
but thia did not satisfy Mr. Darby and Ilia 
followers. They secedttd from those who held 
with Mr. Newton, excommunicated them, nud 
called upon the Brethren elsewhere to do the 
same. Mr. Darby, in this matter, met with 
the greatest opposition in Bristol, and from 
Mr- MUUsr (tbe founder of the Ophauage on 
Ashley Down\ and those who met with him. 
They resolved not to judge Mr. Newton. On 
this tbe Darby party excommunicated the 
Milller party, mid all those who held with 
them- This they did in 1848, and from that 
time the Ilifmoitlh Brethren have been divided 
into tiro main sections: (1) Tlio Plymouth 
or Exclutive Brethren. This section allowa 
other Christians to meet with them on certttin 
conditions, unless they belong to the Ojtfn 
Brethren; the«o they rigidly eicJudo. (2) 
The Open or Bristol Brethren, which admits 
to fellowship, as from tbe first, all ™ ho profess 
to be Clnistinus. 

This period has not been fruitful in tho 
production of hytnns. Neither Seotiun has 
brought forth any new hymn-writer of note, 
noil but few hymn-books have been compiled. 
Besides those collections in use before the 
division of the Society the Plymouth or Ek- 
clueivo section has put forth but one which 
is at till gennally ti^cd, namely : — 



PLYMOUTH BKETHKBir 

A ftm ifjuuu and *>*><? SniWisfll Jbnjt, .Ektetat, 
ftc (t* Aiafa ji«*, uss, RfYim/L isei. London. 

ThkJ bank ws» compiled by J, K. Pofby. Previous (a 
IBM It contained Ml nymiB, but «i Its nrrialvD in JJ- 
«nd£x via added containing Bt mm- Many of the 
Ijmus In (Ma bonk «e BftltV* 4WU. Tben ata also 
selections nun Chapman, Deck. X«lly. XregeUeHi mil 

Besides the foregoine; work the following 
boot? of poetry, which, though they cannot w 
called hymn-books pure sua simple, yet con- 
tain many hymus, hive teen written By mem- 
bars of the Plymouth Brethren. 

(1) /Arwflf and i*«WJ Jy Air Aboard Dtnny. Bart.. 
]«8. U cantatas "Millanlal Hymns/' with &n "Xa- 
tnrftlcHim'; ■'MiswiiiMDiH HyranB"i " MIbcs! Ian boob 
Poena." Med. LauJun- mo. 

(!) Spiritual jSinpt by J. if. Darby. DaMta. fil- 
leted at Stationers' lull. Iiondon. laaa. 

The Open £«(Sr*tt bare put forth two 
hymn-booka : — 

(1) Bymat taut Spiritual SoKftfor the Chtidrm o/ 
e^od.' Alphabetically arranged. tfUi ed. Stereotyped. 
London. isVi. Tnta selection contains more than *W, 
winch Me for more B&UEraJ In. character than time of toe 
UxclnalTE section. They are gatbend Dran all eaoxsea, 
the Brethren being repnAemed by Chapman, Duby, 
Deck, Kslly.'fregellea, sal Wignm. In the Index the 
name* nf tae writers of tbe hymns ire given, a pecu- 
liarity wmtby of notki, as It Is Ibuml fa do other hymn- 
book of either BecUon. Hie hymns Are snanaed under 
the following beads: "Hymns for Worship," "Scrip- 
ture," " Reading end Prayer," " Prime Use," "Mills," 
'■MMrtuje,* "Bringing little Children to Jeun," 
"Baptism," ■'Bmfcl," ■* Mbaianj," -Th* Gospel." 
Tide Book Is nB*d bj the (^pen JfrrtArcn ganttally . 

(31 Hjimii ami .SJxVlluii fimft conrpiiai in SfirtjJ, 
Lwdan lid BriituL IbTD. Tula coileeUon 1b tbe mrk 
of Mean, MUMer and Cnrtk, of Bristol, two of the 
leaders ftnonrat the ^»» Brethren, lit is tbe nxl 
catholic of all the hooka put forth by either notion. II 
eunuliu moit Uiah 440 hymns, wldcb ere tmmgei mda 
tbe Mlcrt toe hetfe J— " God," " The Lord Jem Chriet," 
"T1m HojTBpuit," "Tb*ChThl1*Ti Lite," "The Semml 
Ctaming of Christ," ,, ChT>eti*n OriliiMiMB," "Speciil 
Chueliirt," " Oofful." Aid/ibru tbe Brethren no naw 
hrmn »Titafi &pp«ir. Ctueniui, Desk, Demi;, Kelly, 
dud Ti^gelM are re&reBUKd. 'nils work b mid chiefly 
In Ptiato] mi its HMghbHirliiXid. 

Tlw bymn-books put fortli by the PlumeutJi 
Brethren up to tbe year of tbe rupture contain 
hymns for " the Aiaembly of tae Bainta," it- 
tie Brethrerj tlietn«lT«i met in worship. But 
tbe books put forth since the rupture in 1848 
contain also a aeUrfton, though a smaller (me, 
for the "anconvexted," i^. tlioea who Mte not 
in full onmtuunion with tbenjet'lreKi In the 
books of the Exclusive Section these hvaiaa 
are placed in an AppencU* t aa seen in Ht/mnt 
for the Little Flock, 1861, whilst in those of 
the Open BeaUon, where FulUr arrangeiiisnt is 
fuund, they are placed under the heading 
* Qoepeh" with it& subdiviaions " Prayer for 
Blemug," " TeatiiDOny," " Invitation," B3 in 
the Hymns and Spiritual Sengs compiled in 
Bristol. 

The principle on whiol] this division istnndc 
will be seen from the following extracts from 
the Preface of the first of the Booke jviet 
nientiooBd, which, as it is fairly applicable to 
all, wo quote somewhat fully: 

'"Three tliinga fie needed lor d. bynm-bock. A buto 
of trath ind Bound ikcLrln« ; BomEttaing at IbbU of tbe 
EplTit of Potuy, though not .poetry ttBell, itbirii 1b ob- 
JectioiiAhle u merely tbe spirit *nd hnaglafttiDii of ubd ; 
and tliiidly, the m«t -difflcolt to 3ni it aJL (bit uperl- 
BUmtd MqnifatanM with truth in the ifTKtkms which 
nublea t peison. to make bis hymn (it led of 8*d to 
oompoae odb) the vehicle In BOBtainBd thought ind Ian" 
gusge nf prirtical jmtfl tndlnieh -wbdoli aeta the Hril to 
cocoaonkin trith Cfiritt ud rbei emi to Ue Frfbw, nod 
yet tnls In nxb sort tout ii li not ratre Indhridnj] «tpo 
nence ^Tbtch fbr p&Hrably wonblp la cnt cf place ■ * ■ ■ . 
*' Mary airtboni inaj b* ^vuUbirted by kiiowlilg tbelf 



POLLIO, SYMPHOBIANU8 809 

hymns woe eomrttaies vety oiea, bnt not suhri to in 
'Asssubly of Soiqtj '; aevtrel bav« gm» Into tbe 
Appendix, not necesorijy ts (nfarfcr bnt of a dJUenct 
character .... Many hynuu have been comcted on 
Ihe principles referred to." 

Few hymns placed in ilioso ioctiqna of their 
books for general use are written by the 
Brethren themselTea, whilst many by thom 
are found nmongBt those for tlic use of "the 
Aaseinbly of the Saints." In ihis latter clngg 
hymn* contakln^ConEessiau of Sin and Prayer 
for Pardon are conspicuous by (heir absence. 
The doctrine such hymns teach is held to be 
unnecessary for the children of God, conse- 
quently they are deemed unsuitable for As- 
sembly Worship. HymaB to be used at the 
Lord's Supper, and at Holy Baptism fire found 
in some numbers, as ere also hymns concern- 
ing the conujig of Cliriet to raise His sahib, 
and the millennium. Hymns leachinc tho 
dreariness of tliie world and nil be-longing to 
it, the fnll asgurance of faith, and tho com- 
pleteness of the Christian in Christ, are strongly 
represented. The efficacy alone of the Blood 
or Jesus for Salvation is the theme of many 
of their best hymns, [W. 8,] 

Tlola TOU filov Tpvtyn. St. John of 
Dataatau. [Juriiit] From the Greek Burial 
Office of Priests, in the E-ucholoyion, Btichera 
Idiornela or great beentr, in which eome of 
the Btropbea are supposed to be spoken by the 
dead. It is given in JMniel, iii. p. 9Q. The 
only tr. into English is Dr. Littledale'e " With 
pain earth's jots are mingled," made for the 
People't S., 1867, No. 381, and transferred 
from thence to the PrieiC* jPrtfflef Ikok, 1870. 
This is onu of Dr. Littledale's best tft. from 
the Greek. He omits certain strophes of 
similar meaning, nud the Theotok in. (addressee 
to the B. V. M.). The original is also given 
in Battier, 1858, No. 17, with a (r, in German. 
[Oreek Hrmbudy, § xvlt. 2J [J. J.J 

Pollio, SymphOriamiB, originally wiled 
AltbtoBaor or Althieesar, was a natire of 
Straeebnrg, and wns for some time in clerical 
work at Boehtim, near Straaaburg. In 1601 
we find him as one of the priests attached to 
St. Stephen's church at Strasabuig. Be wae 
thereafter at St. Martin's in Strassburg, and 
being Tery popular as a preacher was ap- 
pointed, in 1622, by the Chapter as interim 
fireaclier a4 the Cathedral. The Cha.pter 
toped he would counteract the Influence of 
Matthins Zell, but as he prenched quite as 
cvnng«li«ally AS Zell, he was EOob SCUt back 
1o St, Martin's. When, in 1524, he married 
his housekeeper, the Chapter tried to deprive 
him of his living, but by tho help of I ho 
burgesses he continued in St. Martin a till tho 
church had to bo taken down in 153J1. There- 
niter he officiated as pastor of the church <: Zu 
den gufeu tiouleii, 11 outside the city walla, aud 
was still there ot tlie Visitation of 1533. The 
date cf his death is unknown (G. H. A. Blttcl- 
meyer's JMt tvatujeiisehtft ^LfreJieiifiaferffteJitor 
del Eliottes, Jena, 1359, p. 17 ; AJtg. Deuttdte 
Stag. xxri. 3flB, Ac). In the early Straseburg 
hymn-books there are paraphrases of tho 
ionTj Prauer and of the Jfayni/fcafby Pullic 
Tho latter js:— 

Xela Seel erhebt den Bwrea oetn. TSb Ifapni&caf, 
In OrdauiKp nud yihalt TtSinJur ma mi T*fpcr, 
StliBitarE. UH, and thence in WnVtenisjiri, 111,. p.COa, 



900 POLLOCK, THOMAS B. 

In 4 at. of IS 1. The irt. an: 0} " My w*l d«tb uiaa> 
njfte Uie TjordVbyBp, CoTsrfals. lBtHJiomrim, ItUfl. 
p. 1811). (a)" My nolo data magtible the I.ord," Id 
tbe Gmlt and Go4ii* JJal(4tM,«L lies, t. lafed, 19W, 
p. las). [J. M,] 

Follook, Thamaa Benson, a.*., was b. 
in 1*36, and graduated at Trinity College, 
Dublin, p. A, 1859, M-A. 1S6S, ivlitire lie iilso 
gained the Vice-Chancellor'a Prise ft* English 
Verse ill 1855. Taking Holy Orders in ISol, lie 
woe Curate of St. Luke**,. Leek, Staffordshire; 
St. Thomas's, Stamford HQI, London ; and St. 
Albou's, Birmingham. Mr. Pollock is a. moat 
eucceaaful writer of metrical Litauiea. Hia 
Mstrinat LUanze* for Sfieeial fiervi&» and 
General Cue, Mowbray, Oifijid, 1870, and 
other compositions of tbe same kind con- 
tributed, subsequently In various collections, 
bnve greatly enriched modern hymn-books. 
These «ro specially noticed under LUulu, 
XMaioal, v W», 1. To Die 1899 Supplemental 
Hyt. to H- A. * M. Mr. Pollock contributed 
two hymns, ■* Wc aru soldiers of Christ, Who is 
mighty to aaT& " (Sotdtert o/ Cta-itt), and " We 
have not known The* as we ought " (Seeking 
Qod), but they are by no means equal to bis 
Litanies ia beauty and finish, [J. J.] 

Tlo\uJ}pa,T€, KvSlfXi. SytiettKt, Dp. of 
Ptolwutti. [To Christ.] A hymn to Christ, 
being No. ii. of Ills ten liymna. The full 
Greek text ia found In the Aitta. Oraeca Cartn. 
Christ., 1671, p. 22, in TO lines. From tbia 
Mr. Chatfield's *r., "To Thee, muck loved, 
bo honour paid," was made, aid nub. in Ills 
Soiigt £ HymM, 4tt, ]o7>3, p. 84, in fft lines. 
A. Stevenson's (r. "Tbee, desire of all the 
nations," WAS pub. in his Tin Hyt. of Suneti-ut, 
*C,, 1865. [Break Hynuwdy, § v.] [J. J.] 

Pant, Robert, son-in-law of John Knox, 
waa tho s, of John Pont, Culross, Perthshire. 
Ho was b. at Cuirass in 1S84, entered tbe 
University of St. Andrew's in 1513, became, 
in 1562, minister of Dunblane; in 15C3, Com- 
missioner of Moray ; in 1571, Provost of Trinity 
College, Edinburgh ; anil, jn 1S74, Joint 
Minister of St. Cuthberts, Edinburgh. He 
was one nf the three who publicly protected 
nt the Cross of Edinburgh against tho Pro- 
clamation, on May 25, 1584, of tho Aote of the 
Scottish Parliament against Prcabyterianism. 
For this offence he was forced to flee the 
'kingdom, After hi* return to St. Cuthbert's 
be was offered, in 1597, but refused, the 
Bialiopria of Caithness. He iL Tlsy 8, KKK1, 
and was buried in St Cuthbert';, Churchyard. 
Six Psalm Versions in the ScoMth PtalUr of 
1564^55 are by him, viz,, Ps. i7, 50, 76, £0, 
81, 98. Their first linen are given under 
Scottwi Hyuaody ii., § 2. Being mostly in 
peculiar melius none were transferred to the 
favltith 1'talter of IBM. lu 1001 Pont was 
requested by the General Assembly to revise 
the Ptatitt of 1564-6$, but never accomplished 
the work. It is probable ho was also one of 
its original compilers. [J. M.J 

Poor wanderer, return to the home 
of thy bliESV Margaret, Lady Cockt/vrn- 
GampheS- [Imitation?] Written at Exeter, 
Aug, 27, 1839, in 3 st. of 6 ]., and entitled 
" To a Friend." It was subsequently pub. in 
lithograph from the author's usg. In 1842 it 



POPE, ALEXANDEK 

was included in PL it of J. Q. Deck's Pa. 
ffyt.y & Spiritual Songi, with alterations, and 
tllenoe Into Walker's Cheltenham Pa. A Hji., 
1655, and others. [J. J.] 

Pop*, Aleiandsr, the poet, a, of a 
wholesale linen merchant in Lombard Street, 
London, was b, in Plough Court, Lombard 
Street, May 21, 16S8. Hia father being a 
Rom&u Catholic he was flTrt placed under 
the charge of Father TavcTTter, who taught 
him the rudiments of Greek and Latin. Later 
he attended a> sehnol at Winchester, and then 
at Hyde Purk Corner. When about twelve ha 
retired with his parents to Binfteld, in Windsor 
Forest, and froin thenceforth Ilia education 
was mainly in his own bauds. His subse- 
quent suraem as a writer und poet is a matter 
of history, and has b&eti dealt with in detail 
by Dr. Johnson ; o i» his Live* of the Pod*, and 
by others. He d. MJiy 30, 1744, and was 
buried in a vault in Twickenham Church, 
For distinct public use, so far na we are 
ftwnre, Pope wrote no hymns. His " Mcb~ 
siah " ; hie " Univeranl Prayer " ; and his 
'* Yital Spark" (q.v,), have been made use of 
far congregational purposes, but aa a Roman 
Catholic he had no object in writing » hymn 
in a language which, at that time, his Church 
would refuse to use. In modern hymn-books 
liis name is identified with tlie following 
pieces: — 

1. Tsthcr of til, ip vrtrf ngs, Viiivtrsal 
Prayer. The ioilfj Praytr, This l*rayer was 
pub, inlT^e, AsMMipiclii^ioi) t* ipfs Sixty mMtm t 
in 13 et, of 4 I. Wurburton in his Advertise- 
meat ut the 1748 ed. of the Essay, aays ; — 

" Umfflrnliig tlm Univerait Pttytr whicli tuocludes 
tttc Ehbj, It nuy b« pnijier to DlvcrvB Uut eopie p»4- 
uges In tbA Sfloay hdivli^E txen unjiidtly mspecttl *jT a 
tendency lowinla Fate tni Ifatxrtlttm, the Mltbuf com- 
f«Mtd last Piiiwr ti tht mm utafl, to sliiw tbmt M> 
iyUfm «H tjUInini In FrM-will, ILd WrmlnaleJ in 
Mety : that the llftt C'sium was bb if«[| Hie ]>vnl Hid 
Qmemor m tbe Ctestor or (lie Universe ; und tint by 
HltmiBsloc to His will (the great princlpk enfuroad 
IbTOdghdlltUlt Etmy) wa» nil mfcint the enfferinp our' 
edvtsto In aiild lioag witli i Mind dctcnnlQition; 
but a religtciH ac^iuesceafle, nod axaadfiic^ full of how 
And £miDarbftlity. To fftvn ail tuli lhe greater vei^rjt 
and Tsallty, ths Fuel Oitue for M> model The Low'* 
Pruyw, vSlclj of ill ^toen best Jciwrvca the tilk pre- 
fixed. Id hia Panphnab" 

Tha title hera referred to ie " The Universal 
Prayer, Deo Out. JB*jt," The hymn U ftrntnl itt 
C. U. in the following farms :— 

(l.> EtUhar of all in vrtrj l^e. This Is an ab^nv|. 
■ted fo'nu, and haa bean in ua^, eapeciaJly Iti Unltaf^AQ 
bjmn-booki, fmni an sarly date. 

(3.) FatlArffiJl, [and] TkouOni tfkve, This rente 
KM ilTim in« st. of i 1. In tit IBIS ed. of Ottcrtll'i 
.W., Ha, 2tT; again in toe ISIS ed., Hi s In SowfU'ii 
IT. tni n IK31, Mo. 1T3| ant again In later collacUonn. 

|3.) HottAihileartfrlOciitiactiMiapu. InCoJJyer'o 
CUf^ lSia, Nfl. «1), in 4 at,, of i l„ amtotilaia. 

(4.) Taaoh IU to f«al anatnai'a vO*. Aim luCallrar'l 
QlJ!., 1S11, No. t3«, In 4 at, or l 1., and otnora. 

(i.) Tboo Diaat Krmt Oamao, laaat Usdaratood. AlaO 

In Colljm'e tS)U., i«ia, Mo. eas, in 4 st. of 4 1., and 
liter byijjttils. 

(S.) wata I aiai Ha;U Tay gtut impart. Given in 
Ktnititij/, lsea, Mo, Ufa. 

£. To nyoiDlii ef Bdynm ! Begin tho n«j. 7"At 
3f«*ia*. In ifo. B78 of the Spectator for Wed- 
nesday, Hay 14, 1712, Addison gave thk: poem 
with the introduolJon :^^ 

" [ will mate no analogy for entertaining tbe reader 
with too loll»*ln(f poem, which, ii written by a (treat 
genlua, a frltnd of mltiar lb tbe counur, who ia not 
isbamed to employ bis wit In tbe pain of hit Jf saer," 



POPE, EICHABD T. V. 

Then fallow* the poem with the heading, 
* Uetsiah. A S&ered Evlogne, oorapoaed « 
several passages of Isaiah the Prophet. Writ- 
ten in imitation of Virgil'* PoMa." It comtistl 
of ItjT lines. When republished by Fepe this 
heading \rm expanded into ft paragraph, ai an 
« Advertisement." As % poem it a unknown to 
the by mn-bookfj j bot fron it the following 
centos hare p&esed into C. U. : — 

(1.) As aeOniB&qpfaart toads tteneeeywv. Thb 
HI glTen In Colljtr'e tWf,, 18J.J, V«, WH In 8 at of 
4 I., *bd bit be™ repeated In letei byumalh brt n™dty 
in tm abridged fcmu 

#.) From Jtau'i nut, WuJjS * touoo, atin. If*. «i 
In Gjlljtr's all, isiz, in 1 w, of * 1. J sud igeln In 
later Ictib Hale. 

(3.) Eirkl a |W i»l*e the lady desert abeets. 
Mo. CIS In Colh-er'e tWW tali, inlet. ftM 1.; in Bp. 
Helm's paetbuwiw Jfyvw, Jk., 1BJ7, p. liw; and 
igelifln later colkrtk™. 

C*j Bis* enwned with, hibt, iwnritl (Mum rf#a. 
In ibe iMii A Bk,, 18H, Mi, HT, Ini *L of a I., and 
■mil later roDtctJra. 

«.] Ine a«™«r oema*! by enawnt seen fixeteU. 
In Mercerfe Ch. Pi. * H. Bk.. IBM, Hi ollwjn. 

It may be noted that L 46 of The Xtttiah 
wads in the original " He wipes the tears for 
ever from our eyes." This, was altered tjy 
Pope nt the suggestion of Steele, made to Pope 
ia n letter dated. June 1, 1712, to " From everj 
face He wines off every lear." This latter is 
the poefs authorized rending, is given in Ilia 
Works, and ia found also la the book form 
reprints of tbe Spectator. [J. J.J 

Pope, Bioh&rd Thomas Pembroke, 
h.a., eldest s. of Mr. Thomas Pope, of Cork, 
ftl b. at Cork, March 13, 1799, educated at 
Hyde Abbey, Winchester, and nt Trinity Col- 
lege, Dublin (b.a: 1822) ; took Holy Order* 
in 1322 ; nnd d, at Kingstown, neaT Dublin, 
Feb. 7. 1859. His hymn " En trouble and in 
grief, O Qod [Lord]" (J?eaee in Affliction) 
ws* given anonymously In Oarus Wilson's 
Friendhf Visitor, Jane 1824, p. 75S, in 4 at 
of 4 1., ana liesded " A Hymn.* Tbis text u 
repeated in the Irish Church Eymnal, 1878, 
with *t ii, 1. 4, "Spuad fragrance when 
they're braised," altered to " Per/umn the air 
when bruised;" and st. iv. 1. 2, "In other 
tioiea," Ao., altered to " At other times," Ac. 
This hymn ia in several collections ill &. 
Britain and America. [G. A. 0.] 

Fopule mom quid, feci tibL [(food 
Friday. Th$ Reproaches."} Ilia Improper!* or 
Kepitaonna, baAed ub Jeremiah il. and Micah vi. 
an in almost nil Mediaeval (^radnala and 
Missals. They Are fOUDd Id two MSB, of tile 
11th cent, in the British Museum (Add. 19768 f. 
51b; Hart. 4951 f. 207 6); an 11th cent. us. 
in the Bodleian (Liture. Misc. H65 f. SO) ; and 
still surriTS in tho madam Roman Missal (e,g. 
Mechlin, 1874, p. 1115). In the &itu use 
they found a place in the services on Good 
Friday, and were appointed to be sung daring 
the prostrations (made before a veiled cross 
held by two of the higher clergy in ftont of 
the bigb altar), known by the name of * cwep- 
Jbg to the cross." The elaborate rubrics, and 
tbe text will be found in the Burntisland re- 
print of the Sarum Mieeul, cola. 327-330. 

The i*3tt la pqztly In I*iin And pftTUy ]n Gj^tlk. Id 
ttnUea! lan^nagB it tHA ^bittfa Ulb rttdjHBtrojqctq irf our 
Blned Lcrd vrttfa Hit BujnMfdl CMpli, tu wb™ H( 
uiu, md tiiij " ncetttd him not." Th* iBnumWivK« 
of «y|t> tbe deatL of lis first-own, tbe onriluiiw in 
tlie Bed Bea, tbe lading khJ pnrtsiliiff prawm or tbe 



POTXEH, THOMAB JOSEPH 901 

tDlar of fin, tbe gift of mans*, tbe living »«ter Uiat 
folU)«*il tb*M, tbe fttpfllikni of (he Growto. Dm mlgiitl- 
m ol Hli lo*e— tbeee &tlt, «ltb other*, In theft put 
Urtorj-, en f lnlntfveij end wnro^foJly tpnlM to Hta- 
•elf, end tbelr cruel sdllt in nfuslng Bun bnndii bome 
to them. When mug in tbe SUttne €3upel, itBome, tt 
musto adapted tbeielo t>x Peletttiu, In lMu, tbe effect b 
deeply eoleniiL [See Oiove'e Diet, tjfjfutu;, ert. J*lpro- 

The only metrical (r. into English in C. U. 
is the following :— 

O mr peenla, tell to ■•■ By Q. laonltrie, in 
the ,CA«ficA JToiufor, Bristol, 1866, p, $0, 
RecaJpt as "0 my people, O mine own," in 
Mnultrie'i H$. and Lyrics, 18*7, p. SI, end this 
was included, with alterations, in tbe Pteple's 
H., 13S7; the ITjwuurjr, 1672) ftn4 Thring's 
CoJf., 1882. Of the altenttions made la the text 
the greateet arc in at. iiJ. llii* reads i — 

(1) In the Hymm and Lyrics ; — 

" Hplj', bqly, brfy God, 
Holy, Atmtgbty, wncac we bujd, 
Holy And ImmtDrtal Ktii^, 
Etmr In mercy ■* wo nittff. " 

(2) In the FtX-plSs Hymnal. - 

" Holy Hod ! O Holy MigJit J 
Holy, imnmrtBl, tuaslte ! 
Ylcior o"et the Owe end gnve. 
Bt^e ™. Lord, Vb mercy *eve," 

(3) In the Hywmary and Thring'i Coll. : — 

"Opdur hrflness vii mbjiil '. 
Ocd lojnwrtal, lollnlte I 
H«iy end Jnunorttt King, 
Hear in mercj es ire eing-," 

A prose lr. of the fie-proaotai was given in 
the I860 Appendix to the ff. tiffed, p. 137. 
Id the 1863 and later eds., Ko. ]5!, ftli anti- 
phon Is added beginning with *We venerate 
Thy Cross^" From this text n sliorttaed 
form ii inolnded in the Aitar Hymuat, 1884, 
p. 60, CeneiL Oakeley has lr. it in metre is 
his Lgra Litsroiisa, 1865, w " Wha^ my 
people, have I dene to thee ? " [J. M.] 

ILadev ap£ofuu Bpqveiv, [Bwfihs ml 

o-xpmiTTiji:.] 

Pott, Prauole, m.a., -mm b, Deo. 29, 1832, 
nnd educated at Brasenosa College, Oxford, 
B.A. 186i ; M. A. 1857. Taking Holy Orders in 
1856 he wee curate of Biahopaworth, Glouces- 
teiahire, 1S56-6; Ardingly, Berks, 1358-61; 
Tlcehurst, Suasei, 1861-eti; Mid Bector of 
Norhill, Ely, 1666. Hi? 

2^*. JltUA ts iHt Ordtr of tDrtTaon Pnytr, and 
JdiainiiiraticH of Me i»iaro«flilr, «™io(ftn-Jii(ei and 
Cferemonfei qf iii fAunA, jionrdin^ luinrxir He 
C'lturol qf £npla*<t, lb WAfei ai* addat flVmfu /or 

was pnb, in 18G1, and reprinted from tune 
te time with ft few additions. Mr. Pott con- 
tributed trs. from the Latin and SyrikC, and 
original hymns, including ** Augel voices ever 
eiogina;'' (j. 56, ii.), and " Lift np yqur henda, 
eternal gatea" (4ttfwu»t). These original 
hyiBDS, together with his in., have been re- 
ceived with much favour and are widely used. 
In several inistanees in the preceding pages of 
this Dictionary {and elsewhere in other woria), 
several trs. from the Latin, and ether hymue* 
logics! work, are attributed to Arohdeatott 
Alfred Pott. We are authorized to state that 
this ascription of authorship is An error. [See 

Index e( Antaers and TnuuIitort.J [J. JJ 

Potter, ThomaB Joeeph, was b. at Scar- 
boroneh, in 1S27, and joined the Soman 
Catholic Chuich in 1847. and subsequently 



902 POUR OUT THY SPIRIT 

took Holy Orders. For tunny yeare ho filled 
the Chair of Pulpit Eloquence and English 
Literature ia the Foreign Missiopary College 
of All Hallows, Dublin. He pub. The Spoken 
Word; or, The Art of JUxtaruwrary Preaching; 
Sacred Elaguenee, or, The Thecry and PraHtce 
of Preaching ; and The Pastor and kit PcapU ; 
together with several tales. He ir. the Vesper 
hymns in the Catholic P§almisi ; contributed 
to tlio Holy Family Hymn*, 1860 : and pub. 
Legem!*, Lyric*, ana Hyaw*, 1891. Hii moat 
widely-known hymn is " Brightly gleams our 
banner" fa. v.), Several of his hymns and 
trt. are in rise in Roman Catholic hymn-books 
for Missions and Schools. He d, at Dublin 
In 1873. [J. J.] 

Pour out Thy spirit front on high. 
/. Montgomery. [Ffcr a Meeting of Clergy.] 
There are two copies of this hymn in the 
Author's baudirrlting amongst the h. kk Oh 
one it is stated that tt was written on Jan- 
uary 23, 1833, for the Rev. J. Biroholl f Rector 
of Newbury, Berks, who pub. a 8sl. of Hy». 
in 1833. It whs repented ia Bickewteth'e 
Chriitian Psatntadg, 183S, No. 429, in 
5 et of 4 1., and Again in Montgomery's 
Original Hymn*, 1853, No. 306. The most 
popular form of the hymn is *■ Lord, pour Thy 
Spirit from on high,* 1 This is iu very ex- 
tensive use. [J. J.] 

Powell, Thomas Ed-ward, m.a., b. ef 
David Powell, of Loughtob, Essex, was h. at 
Hrtmpsteod, Middlesex, Aug. 2fc, 1823, and 
educated at Oriol College, Olford (da. 1S45). 
Ordained in 1846, lie was Curate of Cookhnm- 
Dean, near Maidenhead; and then Vicar of 
Bisham, 184S. He pub., iu 1838, The Holy 
Teast, and subsequeutly his Hyt,, J«H«t, <s^ 
for PsfiWe Worship. To this collection ha 
contributed the followlug hymns i — 

1. Again upon tilt gladdened tirth. Hattztt. 

J. Almighty Fount of Ion. ^lS(i.) Canfirmvtian, 

a. A round Thy throne. O God, AH Sm'nt*. 

i. Bow down Tliln* mi, Almlfhty Lord. (1&G4.) 
irttiwr Weefc*. 

A. God of ]iope and consolation, ,Kiljr Ecriptart. 

6. HaUtlnJali, JulMuJab, ttaJw Hie hyum of thank- 
ful pr«l*s. JforMtt. 

i. H*»vealj Futbor. King of king*, (leci.) j>ttb[i< 

s. J«»ui.fYonl Tli:r hoar tnL? a wiling. (ISM.) EWy 
Jfuli-Wflpnjl, 

9. Jemm. Whom lisavenly h ™t» adore, (1BTJ.) ,HWy 
ftipuxuHion. 

10. Lat out tiyninS of prayer aAcendlng. ^rc«irtfeH. 

11. Lunl, when btshln tbo gram <k« mourn. (IMS.) 

13. ].ort, with grief and dn oppreiHd. (1BS.1.) Lent. 

13. God, cterual Fount of Lljlit. (L8B0,) Mdy 
Trinity. 

14. O Lamb of God tut stnnon ililo, (1930.) Jffily 
CtommuRum. 

II. D Saviour, from Thy heavenly tiiluM. (1B71) 
ifistiom. 

14. Redeemer, ever bleat JMj J?ojjKih. 

17. ThonjfiiLxmiSdbEaeiibllij- chastening rt-d.(iaS5.) 
icni or Ajdcthm. 

15. TV Tnts. O holy VCin j of rahits. JH .?3ijifj. 

1*. Uottl lltm comeflt, Sivlour, In Tby julglit. 
ClSfJ.) /AFy tilttaitrrtirirt. 

Mr. Powell's iTjnMiu, JnfJuanj, &c, have 
been privately printed oe an Jjjpemiii fi". 2Ht. 
for use in his parish of Eialiare, Berks, The 
compilation was Legrm in 1955, and lias 
gradufrlly grown to 97 hyiimis, of which the 
above 19 are by the compiler. The dates 
given above bib those of the oompu&ttkm of the 
respectiTO hymns. D. Feb. 8, 1301. [J.J.J 



praise, o vnmn ovn god 

Piaeeutaor altos Ituninis. Vmsrabh 
Beds, [3*. John the Baptiit] The full teat 
of this bynin is fbnnd in tlie oclleotiima of 
dmander (Oologne, 1556; and Paris, 1616, 
p. 263); of EXlinger (Frankfurt-MQ-Main, 
1578, p. 275) ; and of Thonuaitu (Borne, 1747, 
ii. p. 337). Also in the workaof the Venerable 
Bede (Mine's Pntroi, Tol. 94), &, K. Droves 
prints it in his Hpnmariv* MbUtittCemit, 1888, 
p. 52, from a lfjth cent. hr. Daniel, i,, No. 
180, gives only the first four lines, Tt. w. — 

1. n«gtwt£mnmwrDf tncnHcn. SyJM.Htilo 
tallfl.Hj)pjmoi J y\, lBM;indlnir.^. *Jf„ lmJlwui l*J5. 

«, HmI, oartuMi $t mom. By C. B. dlverky In 
tlie Bsmnnry, ml. [W. A. a] 

Praedlota Ohristi mors adeat C, 
CtijJSii. [iSK Philip and /frtna.] Appeared 
in the Pa™ Breviarg, l7S6 f as the hymn at 
Matin* on the Feast of 88. Philip and JAmeo, 
and ap;»n in Coffin's Hymni Sasri, 1738, p. 
72. The teit is also in 3. Chandler's ITys, of 
ffts Print. Chunk, 1B37, and Card. Newman a 
^mn^ Ftohtiae, 1839 and 1865. JV . ns r- 

1. At lengtii dnwa war tbt long oxpected day. .r, 
Ckifldbr. l«3T. 

1. Nowlhx hint Is driving IHr. L WiXliani, ISSfl. 

[J. J.] 

Praise God, Who in the holiest 
dwells. Miht Smyfh and E. Chvrtoti. [Ft, 
ci.] This ia the second vtrsion of Fa. ct, in 
Smyth's Ifte Piabta tjf King Datirt Pd««- 
pftrated, <£«., London, Garthwwt, 366S. It it 
in 2 st» of 8 L In Oburton'» Ckwland Ptalter, 
1854, on altered version of thi* waa given and 
headed "Chiefly from Miles Smyth." It 
passed tiieace into Kennedy, 1S6S. and other 
Collectiens. . [W, T. B.] 

Praiee Jehoviali, bow before vt^m . 
W. Bartholomew, f P». axuit'i.] Written jn 
184 7, at MendeifiKtin's reiqiiest, for a sacreii 
cmtata adapted to Metidelseohii's music to 
ttxwia- Syon, composed fur a church festival 
at Liege, May, 1846. It is set for Solo, Quar- 
tet, and Chorus as follows ; i., ii. C. ; iu. S. with 
C ; iv., v. Q. with C. ; vi, C ; vii,, viii.,ix.8. ; 
then a 0. followed hy a final Q. and U. The 
popular form when in use ns a hymn is st. i. t 
ii., iv., v., vi., as iu the New Gang., 1959, and 
several otlters- [fa. A. CJ 

PtaJee, my soul, tlie King of heaven. 
H. i\ Lj/te. [ft. etilj This is one of hie 
most Buc«seful paraphrases of the Psalms, 
end is mono jubilant llian U usaally the oaee 
with his Teudorirjgs. It was pub. in his 
Spirit of the Ptalnttf 1834, in 5 st. of 6 1., with 
&L Iv. bracketed for omission if so deBired. It 
has passed into numerous collections in most 
English-speaking countries. U&naJly st. iv. 
ia omitted, and sometimes minor alterations 
are introduced. The principal change is that 
of tb« fifth line in each Stanm from " Praise 
Him, Praise Him," to " Alleluia, Alleluia," 
as in if. A. <£ M. and several others ; and the 
addition Of A dotolopy, *' Alleluia to tie 
Father," as in Horland's Church Ft. tatd 
Hymnal, 1676. [J. J.] 

Praise, O praise our God and King. 
Sir H. W. Baker. [H<trve»t.'] This hymn is 
based upon Hilton s version of Ps. cinvi. 
( L * Let us witli a gladsome mind"^ nod was 
written for the 1st ed. of H. A. it M., 1861. 
From H. A. & Jtf. it has passed into numerous 
collections In G, Britain and America. [J. J.] 



PBAISE THK LOBD 

Praise the lord. Hie Bflories show. 
B. P. Lgte. [Ft. el] Lyte's original version 
of Ps, cl„ appeared in his SpW* o/ (*« Patlm*, 
1SM> in 2 A. of S 1., and his revised version ill 
(be enlarged ed. of the same work in 138ft 
The two texts may be distinguished by »t ii 
U. 1, BtUuii— 

lsaa, "Airth to buvu, mid heaven Co earth 

Tell bla wooden, alng Hi* worth," 
1S3*. "Xarth, to heaven emit toe rtreln. 
Send it, heaven, to earth again." 

Both texts are in 0. U., but the first, as in 
the S. P. C. K. Church Btfitllt, 1871 : the S, 
Ossip., 1S76, and many others, is the laore 
widely used of (he two. [J- J.J 

Praise the lord. Who reigns above. 
a fPeriw, [J*!. «t] Pub in Pi. & Hyt. f 
1743, in 4 st. of 8 1. {P. Works, 1868-72, 
VOL Till- p. 262.1 In 1760 fcl, Madan gave 
st. L, H. and It. U hiiPi. it At., na No. 83. 
This arrangement was repeated by A. M, Top- 
lady in his Pe. i fljw., 1776, No. 307. From 
Toplady it passed into several oollectionB with 
the name of Toplady as the author, as in Hat* 
field's Oriwrcn #. Sk,, N, Y, f 1B72, No, 160. 
The fonn in 2 at in the Islington P*. &■ Hyt. 
fed. 1882, p. 95), which begins with the first 
line of tba original, is considerably altered 
throughout. The full original text was given 
in the revised Wet. H. Jl£, 1875, for the first 
time. [J. J.] 

Praise the Lord, Whose mighty 
wonders. [Ft. ettlviiQ This appeared in 
Tie Parent'* Poetteal Jntftofooj, Wn^r a -Sefcc- 
Htm of Enaliik Poem* yrimatUy dttigne<l to 
attitl in forming tin tattet and t1u> tenlimottU 
of Toting Beaden, London, F. C. A J. Biving- 
ton, 1814. There it no editor's name -on the 
tide-page, nor appended to the Preface. On 
the tfUe-pttti of the Brit. Mae. copy is written 
"Mrs. Biohard HumV i.e-. tbo wife of Bp. 
Haut On p. 27 there is : — 

11 Praise tbe Lord. fce. Ik. csItUI. 

" Anon. 
" Praise tie Lord, YVhraa mtghly itondei* 
Earth, and ah\ and aeta dliptay ; 
Him, Who high In tempeeta thun&rr, 
Him, Whom ammtlew world? eosy : 
All ye nark* oT Uofl, adore flim, 
Htm, Who nude you ov Hi* wont | 
Huvfll, Uniting shout boftrB Him I 
Earth, la concert, praise tie Lord, 
" In u» eastern eklee ucenoiiig, 
Palvi Him, glorious orb of day; 
Ocean, round tba globe extending, 
Praise Him o'er thy hDundlnu w*y. 
Mm, that crown Its lofty mountain^ 
Pswilinlgnof wnBMfthowi 
All yenemqrlnjviiidfixiiitiliH 
WkiVe prates, u ye flow. 
" Beasts thro' nature's drear dominions, 
"raise Hire, where the wllda extend: 
Patau Him, birds, wbwseowtng pinion* 
Up to henFen 1 ! ffata uctinl 
Mm below, tbekird of nitar*, 
Asgd nulrei Jn Tulmt abort. 
Hymslne, p"l« the great Cnatar, 
f rail* tha Menial Fount of Love." 

In the S. P. C. E. ffynms, 1852, No. 64, the 
above text was given with the omission of 11. 
*-8 of it. i.. and tin additiou of four liava 
ftmn 0. Wesley's " Lote divine, all lovo ci- 
celling," slightly altered aft the condueian of 
st. iii., time mating $ st. of 8 I. This text 
has Mm down to uHodern hymnals, and is the 
one in C. V. The author of tije original 
hynra has not been traced. [J, J,] 



PftAlSE THE UrfcB 



903 



Praise the Lord, ye heavens adore 
^♦r" fPa. cxIviH.2 This hymn ie given in 
a fonr-paged truet which is found pasted at 
tbe end of some copies of the 1796 musical 
ed. of the PnaJuw, Hyvrnt, a-rul AtiiJiaas of the 
Foundling Hospital, London [see Xaupthome, 
r,], and asfiin also at the end of the edition of 
words only, pub in 1801. When this sheet 
wo* printed, and when it wos added to the 
musical ed. of 1706, and then to ibo copy of 
wordfldily, 1801, is unknown. As tlie 1601 
cd. is only a leprint of the words of the 179ft 
mL, it euggedts that the sheet was added to 
copies of both editions at the same time, and 
that after the printing of the 1801 ed. The 
sheet has this title : — 

"Bymtti ef Praise. Jtor Fintniling Appmtwn 
Attending IH-rine Service to return Thoxit," 

and the contents are ; — 

1. "Ftthsrcf menl«i : driga to l>eai. ,J Bythellsv. 
JTr. Hewlett. Moslfihj -BhftM," 

I. '•Aeabi Ui» day petunia of holy Hat." Br J. 
Mason. TMiuhi by ^Kbden." 

i. "Soon will tbe evening itar Tilth (ilver ray." Dy 
J. JlMaa. Mmicb r "Etiiien." 

if "PtalK tbe Lord, ;e hetv'ns <don Him," Mink 
by"H*jiii." 

E. " while bsaltb, and strength, and youth jraouin." 
Utah by "QlMk," 

Po thefe are added the words of a Bandui 
to be snnx " Before the Communion Berrice/' 
The special hymn now in consideration is 
printed thus : — 

Huns fbom VMM cmvm. H\tiv. 

i. 
"ftilsetlie Lord, j t heiv'nj adnn him i 
Praise Urn ascols In tbe hHeht: 
San and moon itjole* lirfijie Mm, 
Praise blu all ya stare and light, 
u. 
" Pmlsa the Lord, for he h*ti iipaktn ; 
Worlds hie mighty Toh* ooej'd: 
Lava, vhlch nerer ahall be broken, 
For their guidance hath ha made. 
Ml. 
'* Praise tbe Lord, for he h glnrkma ; 
If over shall his pnncbe fatl : 
flod halh made his salnti vlctorlooe i 
tSn and death ahall sot prtTiil. 

IV. 

" Praise ttie God of out aalntton ; 

H4S49 on high hia power proclaim ? 
HeLV^n, WPd earth, and all creation, 
Land tnd magnify his name." 

The came text is aeiiin found in Pa. d> Hynrne 
tat Mftgdalen CliapeT, 1804 : in the Foundling 
Coll. of 1809, end then in J, Eempthorce's 
St&ct Portion* of Pi. <fc Hyt., 161ft. In the 
last cn*e alight chanees are iatmdnaed, e.g. 
St. i. 1. 7, " lAWS whieh" to " Laws flint " t and 
et i L 8, " halh He," to " Heftas." This form 
of the text was repeated 'very extensively to 
1&53, when it appeared in the Code and 
Denton Cftttfe* Hymnal, with the well-inown 
stanza, by E. Osier, from Hall's Mitrt B, Bk,, 
18S6:— 

" TTorsaln.lionor, glory, bleaeinfr, 
Lord we oA>r unto Thee ; 
Young and oUThy polae expreeetng, 

Inghu] homage hend tba knee. 

All the allots In beaYan sdwc Tbse, 

We would bow befcrt Thy throne i 

Aa Thin* angela aerrt lSen>re Thee. 

So on earth Thy will tw none," 

The use of this hymn in all Englisb^peak- 
in(r countries, flometiioes with tlw addition of 
OaJer'e, stanza, and at ether times without, is 
very extensive. 

The question of the authorship of this 
hymn baa been a mutter of serious inquiry for 



904 



PBAISfi TO GOB 



some years, with the result that on the one 
hand it Is attributed to John Ktmpthorne, and 
on the other to 2Ndu>p Jfant, *nd both la 
error. The claim for John Ketnpthorn* tm 
made by D. Sedgwick; and. this claim, ire 
find from hit iisa., was a pure gness on his 

CHi, Kempthorne's sou (tlie Bev. K, 
pthorne, of Elton Eectory) said in the 
Quardtm (Deo. 10, 1679) that it tww not 
-written by his father, and he has repeated the 
•ante to the writer of this article during the 
progress of thin work. Kempthome, in the 
Prefece of the 2nd ed. of his Set. Portions 0/ 
P». d> flff»., 1813, omits it from his list [see 
Xvmpduttu, J.J, It is flew therefore that it 
-was not written bj John Kempthome. The 
ascription of authorship to Bp. Mant occurred 
through confounding the hymn "Praise the 
Ijord Whose mighty wonders" (q.v.), which 
appeared in Mrs. Mant's Fatvntt Poetical 
Anthology, 1814, with this hymn. [J. J.J 

fraUe to God, Immortal praise. 
Ann* L, BnrtMK&i, nee A&ttn, [HarvetQ 
This, the most popular and widely need both 
in Great Britain and America of Mr*. Bar- 
bauld's Hymns, first appeared in Dr. W, Bn- 
rlelJ 'a Hua.for Public VVorthip, &n., Warring- 
ton, 177^ No. 36, in 9 at of 41., and entitled, 
"Praise to God In Prosperity and Adversity." 
In the fallowing year it was repeated in Mrs. 
Barbauld'e (then Hiss Aikia) Poems, Lond., 
J. Johnson, 1773, p. 115, -without title, but 
with Hab&likulc iii. 17, 18, "Although the 
fig-tree shall not blossom," &c. f quoted as a 
note. It is not found in in&ny collections 
until 1612, when it was inclndecl by Dr, Coll- 
yer in his CoU., No, 689. From that date it 
gradually increased in nse, sometimes in lie 
complete form, bnt more frequently wilh ab- 
breviations, extending to the omission of 
Various stanzas, until in one or two cases it 
lias been reduced to twelve linen only. The 
various centos, all beginning with, tlie same 
first line, are too numerous to analyse, ea?e the 
more important and such as have additions 
made thereto by others- These are : — 

1. In S. Y. C K. Ifj/mm, lftta, St. 172. tills untn 
1b 1q 4 at. of S t., the first three of Tvklxh *re oompilBd, 
with alterations, from tbe ortjtliMl taut, uud \i» lut 
" !>»«, pnMfjwrlly and lHiltU, fom. anolber b»uc, 

7. In McitcII end Uvw'a **«■ * flj»., ISM : the bum 
thT« BUniU as above, and a ne* fourth SUm>by Bishop 
How ot ft I. This text li reputed in (?l«r(A J/J'liltit, 
1ST1, Ni>. EDO, with the lut Btanxa by Bishop How 
reduced, to 4 lines. 

5, In the JT«b ifilf( tfpnnai, 1S15, from the original 
Jtitrc tr. Bk, of IBS*, with b. doaology. 

4. In Taring's £Hf ., 1BB2, No. «e, tlie cento to com- 
posed til 4 st, «f f . I. or wblth itiuui I., II. m» faun 
tbt B. I 1 . C K. JSjfmxi, 1SW, altered; St. 111. Is ihenew 
stuixs fire* riven la the s< f>. c. f . as bW*, and 
St. l». a iftiohey- 

Other centos may be traced out by consult- 
ing tlie ojsiginat ten* in Lyra Brit, 1SC7, p. 
33, or Lord Solborne's Book of PtaUe, 1662 
And 1S67, pp. 289-S90. In addition to these 
centos, beginnin" witli tbe original first line, 
there are also the followtug ill C, U. : — 

t, PotUe to EM, moeMkif pr»W This, In Francie 
Pott'» JTjisibj, Ac, IBfll, Is One. a. P. C. K. AyittnJ 
lent jv> abort, -with an alteration of Ih* vptnlni line. 

4. PraiiB la And, extesdiiiB; jctlts. TWb, fn T. 
D*rlk^'i Hift.* ax,, lasf, te ttisa tbe oriElnil wilh 
■Iterations hv Mr. Dtrllng. 

T. Lord, liould liiing whirlwind* tew. TMs, In the 
Pnesb. fi. * Hyi.for vu WtrtMo of Hod, Richmond, 
U.S.A., 1817, Si\ 411, IstompHed of bL UL-vl. tlifthtlj- 
lUKicd. 



PRAISE TO TilBE 

Moat of tbe foregoing arrangement! of thst 
hynm are repeated in other eollcellonB than 
those named, and their -use, taken together, it 
extensive. The text rendered into Latin by 
R. Bingham, in his Hmsma. GhritL Latins, 
1871, and beginning " Laus sit Domino sine 
fine," is a cento of 3 sit. of 6 1., compiled from 
the original. [J. JJ 

Praise to God, who reigns above. JI, 
M. Benton. IB. MitAad and AH Jnjei*.] 
Oontributed to S. A. & JIT., and after curtail- 
ment and alterations, was pub. therein in 
1861. In (he revised ed., 1875, the original 
text (still abbreTi&led) was restored, with the 
exception of two minor changes. These facts 
account for tbe two tests tn S, A. & M. of 
1861 and 1875. Toe line in at. vL, " Thrilling 
through, those Order* nine," refers to the 
(1) Seraphim; (2) Ohtrubim; <3> Throne*; <4) 
Dominion* ; (5) Prince* ; (6 J Powers ;(7) JtffaM; 
(8) Archangel ; and <9) Angel kottt, named in 
st. ii. and iii. In the American Ohvroh 
Fativral*, Boston, 1864, st. it., if ^ viL of the 
1861 text are given ait: — "Seraphim His 
praises sing." [J. J.j 

Praiae to the Holieat In the height. 
Card. J. H. AWmcn. [Pratte.] Written in 
18BS, and first published in the author's 
Vtritt On Variant Oamtiom, in 1808. It 
forms part of a poem of some length, entitled 
The jE>mn« 0/ Gtrontiu*. Thi* Ih-eam de- 
scribes tbe Journey of a disembodied soul from 
the body to its reception in Purgatory. Various 
hymns are introduced throughout the poem, 
and this is given as being sung by the " Fifth 
Choir of An^elicals " aa the disembodied soul 
is conducted into tbe presence chamber of 
Emmanuel previous to passing forward into 
Purgatory. In 1868 it was transferred to the 
Appendix to H. A. & M-, the only change 
beiii^ the repetition of tbe drat stanza at the 
close. From H. A. £ Jf, it has passed into a 
large number of hymn-booka. [J. J] 

Praise to Thee, Thou Great Creator. 
[Praiw.J This hymn is commonly ascribed 
to J. Faweett, but was only in part composed 
by him. In 1782 be pub. his Uys, adapted to 
the circiitMtance* of P-uMia Worihip t $0- In 
this vol. No. 56 is " Lo < the bright the rosy 
morning," in fl et of 8 ],, on Spring, the last 
stanza of which begins, "Praise to Thee, Thou 
great Creator." In the Lewin'a Mtftd Bristol 
OOOk (Unitarian) of 1806 this stanza was given 
as a separate hymn. Then, in the Exeter 
Unitarian Coll. of Pt. <fc £fy& /w Social and 
Private Worship, 1812, appeared the hymn as 
found in modem collections, na follows ; — 
" FnlK to Tlict. Thoa gn&t Cnntor, 

Pi»J« h* Thln« Iitmh etbit tnlgTlo ; 
Join, my atml, wltli evtrj cmiHiK. 

Join tile universal OQDg. 

fun, Unbounded prone it Thine, 
Sail the Bad «/ but Solvation, 

Praia llim/nr Hit {cm divint. 
" FW tfln ti^ouBand bleBslnEyS. given, 

Fat the hapA offutvrtjoff, 
SttllTiA HIS htmiu Uinineh e«rUi and ti**n}0, 

SMnd JsbCvit's ptsli* on hiffh 1 
Jogf\ill!l «tt tar ft adore Sim, 

Till in 9Uawtt t/ur tone vcraitt; 
Then, enraptured, fall t^/ort Mw, 

Lett in tamder, Hot, awi praitt." 

Tbe portions of these stanzas which are 
printed in ordinary type are the concluding 



PBAI9E WATTS FOB tHEB 

It&nea of J. Fawcett's hymn divided into two 
parts : whilst the line* id italic* are mainly 
from C Wesley's well-known hymn, " Love 
divine, all loTei excelling " (<r, v.), 1717, as 
the following comparison will show : — 

(7. lFeihy, 17J7. £ufer CsJi, lsii. 

" Jtta, Thou an nil »m- " Fitter, Suaree of ill eon- 
puslon, ptnbn, 

Pun, unlwgiuM k™ Pcia,iinl»inidMp«re 

Thou mi IsTMse 

TWt m wfta Thy Hi- Hiil tie God of our S*l- 
Tatkn. vitln. 

Enter tvery trembling PriiuHliafbrBlBlim 

bearL dlTtne. 

" Ct*iw*4 <r»m glny Into " Joyful? oa ctrtb ukn 

TiTl In htsvai w* tats Till la bemu our 

dot pita. sane, w* hum : 

Till we cut* our awns Thar*, enripttrad, nil 

Man Tom. btrorc Him, 

Lcei in wobdtr, low, Lost In vonaer, Ion, 

and puis*." and ptltie." 

The cento is the above fbnn of 4 it la in 

numerous hymn-books in G. Britain, and In a 

few also elsewhere. In America, it ia one- 

times found with an additional stanza; — 

" Tnfot totJwl, Oh ma* C^Mor, 

Fitber, Son. «n4 Holy Ghsttt, 

Pnlse Him, trefy Jibing crE*tm*, 

JSMh wrt hwven'e BjfWJ bwl," 

In the Xaude* Domini, X. Y, 1884, this 

doxology is dovetailed between at iii. wad v', 

whilst in Hatfield's Church S. Bk., N, Y., 

1872, it fa given its legitimate position as 

the close of the hymn. Taken at a whole tbe 

cento is of mrirt than average merit [W. B. S.j 

Praise waite for "Thee in Tdon, Lord. 
IPs. &».] rtiB is the version of the Goth Fa. 
in tbe ScettiA Psalter, 1650. It is in 0. V. in 
its full form, in *n abbreviate form, and re- 
written aa " Before The*, Lord, a people 
waits," na in the iVeso. Hymnal, Philadelphia, 
1874. [J. 5.] 

Praise ye Jehovah, praise the Lord 
most holy. Lady CMHrorn-CsmjjWJ, [Ps. 
iwK*,} Written at Exeter, Dee. 24. B5, an4 
27, 1638, and subsequently printed in litho- 
graph from tbe writer's hbb,, together with 81 
additional hymns. It waa Suet pub. in J. Q. 
Deck's P*., By*., omi Spiritual Songt, 18*2, 
Ft i., No. 191, iu t st of 4 L This was re- 
peated in Dr. Walker's P*. * flpfc, 1635, with 
the signature " M, C, C," and subsequently in 
a largo number of hymn-books. One;, text in 
8nepp'B Songt (/G.*(J, 1872, [J. J J 

Praise ye the Lord. 1 immortal choir, 
la heavenly heights above. <?. Raiewn. 
[P*. otliiftf.J Written for the Leeds B. Bk., 
1853, No. 200, in 9 st of 4 1. In tbe Minor's 
ffj^lrtt, PerMs, an4 Chanti, 1876, it is reviled 
ana extended to 10 at Mr. Rawson was 
somewhat indebted to WatWs paraphrase of 
the same Ftalm, " Piaise ye the Lord with 
joyful tongue " C^.t.}, as seen In Watta's at ii 
Mid Bawson's at i. ; — 

TTalo. " Chtnui, and tlJ IV ImmMtsl dmlr 
1700. Tlul fill tbe rejlmfl store, 

Btttgi ftrf lie funoBl yon of Hi" Ore. 
And fetdi you triih His lore." 
AdtUMl, " PlhlBe ye IS* Lord. Jramoitsl ctmlr 
1851. In bHVHily htlgbte utove, 

"With lurp *IM v*fc* bid Sauk of Art, 
EdtdIpe with i*tfKl Int." 

Tho resemblance throughout the rest of the 
hymn is. atUl elifbt : bnt not so marked as in 



FMTOEIDS, BBNJABOK 906 

tbe lines which we have quoted- The ISS8 
text is in extensive use. [ j, J.] 

Praise ye tha Lord j tui good to radDa. 
I. Wait* [Fs. c*Ttrft] 1st pub. in bisFulnw 
if David, ic^ 1710, p. 88ft, in 8 st of 4 J,, and 
entitled "The Divine Kature, Protidence, and 
Ghtnce," It wa» included by J. Wesley in the 
1st e4 of his Ft. & Hift., publlabed in Charhw- 
town, 1786-97, p. 10, with slight Tariationa, 
the emission of st. ii. r and tiie addition of 
Ken'a doiology, "Fraiae God," 4c rurthfii> 
alteiationa were made by Wesley on adapting 
it for the War. H, Bk*, 1780, ITo. 21«, and 
these latter readings are still retained in all 
oollectioni of the Methodist bodies. The 
hymn in ita original and altered forma is in 
extenajve nee. Orig. text in Wntts's Psalmtf 
late editions : Wesley's 1st reading in tbe re- 
print of 1736-87 Oofl, Lond., 188& : and Wed- 
Ws final reading in the TPs*. S. Bk. t 1675. 

[J. J.] 
Praise ye the Lord with joyftil 
i tongue. L Wattt. (Ft. attviii.] Pub. in his 
Sere Lgricm t 17A6, in 14 st. of 4 1^ and 
headed "The UnirenBl Hallelujnh." In 
Hatfield's Chsreh H. Bk., 1873, st. iL-fe., rtt, 
viii., and xiil. are given as : — 

" fnltt ye tut Lord I Immortal choirs, 
That UU tt* KiIdu atiDvej " 

these lines being altered from Watta's-^ 

" Qibttel and til th' ImmOittsl choir 
TEut fl|l tba TBBlme ibore/' 

See also "Praise ye (he Lord I iumettnl 
choir," by Or. Bawscm. [J. J.] 

PrtdBes to Bim Who buttt the hlllft. 
E.Bonar. f Prate. e/(Ae 3V»nft«0 Pun. in his 
Hyt.of Faith and Bopt, 1 861, in 7 st of 4 1 ., and 
entitled '"Praise." It bad preTiously Rppi-ared 
in tbe American Sn&hntt H. Bk., 1853,'Ko. 41^9. 
It is also in the American Bapt Service o/ 
Song, BofitoD, 1871, in 9 st, beginning with st. 
iii., " Praises to Him Whose- lore has gJTen." 
In the Hpntnarv, 1872, it is Again altered as 
" All praise to Him Who built tbe bills," and 
la appointed for Septuagesima, [J. J.] 

Prlltorfuii, Benjamin, s. of Andreas 

PtatoriuS) pastor pt Obergreisslnn near Weis- 
senfels in Saxony, Wna b. at Ober^reisslau, 
January 1, 1636. In 1637 his father was un- 
pointed pastor at GuMS-Lissa ntar Delitzsth, 
in Bdiotiy. Benjiimin bccanio a student of 
tlieoliigy, and giaduated M.A., probably ut 
Leipzig. Ill tho entry of lis maliiage in the 
registers of Gress-Liua. for 1657, lie is de- 
scribed as "regularly ordained substitute and 
future successor of this parish " ; Mid ho is 
never described in the registen except aa 
Pojtor-snbstitnte. His ntntli child was b. in 
1671, and on Jan. 8, 1675, his son Andreas 
Beujanlp, on aotinp as godfuthcr, is ^eseribcsd 
as "surviving son " Of M, Benjamin Prlito- 
rins. It in probable that be d. some time in 
1674, but as tbe register of deaths of this 
period is lc*t, we are unable to f i the exact 
date (K. Goedefce's Grvttdries, vol. iii,, 1687, 
p. I7rj; MS, from Faster Mocbtiui of Groas- 
Lissn, &c). 

Jomrdlngto Wrltrl f H., 31-t lit wu trowned u i T»et 
on Ftt>, 1\ 1S81. Iu th» Kalsttn fur leda he rkrt 
dtslira bunatir "punt* Cae«. tnd "Kils. e^trjnter 
f«tt" Q.t. lupttUl eimmed pa\ tnJ In 14T0 u 



■ poBta Cut. buir. nmutw." 



ijuua ipparcd In 



906 PRATOBIUS. JOHANtf 

Hi (1) JoscWmjkIu Libaium, Lelpde, lfl», and (1) 
raCeitndt JrVriokJii^ Letpilg. 16(1. In the mrfuce to 
it* latter ba Big™ bhnaell oa ■' C, P. Caw. nnd Diemr am 
Wort daMlbct " (minister of tit* Word), under date 
" GrMg-Llna, D«. U, IW3." Tin only hymn by him 
fr. intoEngllabis:— 

tet ncm limlii Ends. The fttmard ef the 
raitkfkl. In ISM, sa above. No. W, p. 1»T, la S St. of 
6 l„ and faandtd on Her. iL 10. In fall in t» f-im.L. 
&, MS). Ho. 33S. Il la also often found *»■■ Bel j*trtu 
In ddnem Leidan," u In tbe Berlin a. L. 8.. td, leea, 
No. T«. It* is torn. Lnpplua'a ff. J. , Weed, 1(9!. p. ss, 
whew H ii in T it (lv.. it.. IB., v.. la., S. and a mew it, 
wtatclt UcJna, " So tf ohlan, h> wlH icb leidan '"). awl la 
erroneewly ascribed to J. C. Scbade. Tbs original lorn 
tefr. «:— 

BAthmfajtlifuItstkaeixLLBtnot. By Wl» Warner, 
in bar 2Tit of the ffl, KUOaiu, 1658, p. ra, reported 
aa Ho. 254, tn Bp. Erie's «>&, is*>. [J. M.] 

Prtttorlufl, Jobann, was b, at Copen- 
hagen, Oct, 20, 1738. Ha was educated in tlw 
training school of the Moravians, and after 
1761 held various waitioris in their sahooli 
aud communities. In 17T2 he lifts Appointed 
preacher to the new community at Clirint- 
iaaafJd. in the north, of Srthleswlg, nnd d. 
there, Deo. 12,1782 (Witt Xw&nchi te the 
Brtider 9. B^ 177$, ed. LS51, p. 224). In the 
Hinder Q. J}., 1778, two hymns *mf part of a 
third are aseribed to him. The last is noted 
under O auaae Baelenwaide, p. M?i li. [J. MJ 

Fray, Lewis Glover, ttbj b. at Quincy, 
Massachusetts, Aug. IS, 1793. Removing to 
Boston Id 1808, he entered into business there 
in 1815, and retired therefrom in 1SSS. He 
was for soma time a member o£ the City 
Government of Boston, of the Board of Edu- 
cation, and of the State Legislature. Fmai 
an early date he was associated with Sunday 
schools, and was for &i years superintendent 
oF the B. School of the Twelfth Congrega- 
tional Society, Boston. In 1833 he pub. a 
Swnilfly School If- Bk., the first wttli music 
ever compiled fur American Unitarian S. 
achoola. Tin? wna enlarged in 1811 as the 
Sunday School Hymn and Service Booh. He 
also pub. a History o/ Sunday gcheolt, 1847 ; 
a £%n«(Kt» €&et&&)tt, IS**; am} other works. 
His hymns and poems' were collected and pah, 
in 1862, as J^# ifyiuikiaW Sehool, and & second 
Totumo of a like kind appeared in 1873, at 
Autumn Lease*. Moat ofhia hymna appeared 
in hia colleotiooB of 1833 and 1841. Putnam 
Cte whom we are iadohteJ for tbew detail*) 
eires in his Singer* and Songs, &o., 1874, p. 81, 
four pieces from liie Tolnme of 1862, and two 
from that of 1873. One of tbeae, "When 
God upheaved the pillared earth" (Stent 
Work) was repeated in tiio American Swmti 
of tfn Ag#t t Sid scries, 1864. [J. J, J 

Pr*yet Book. Hymns ba»d on various 
portion? of the Book of Common Prayer, and 
metrical pBraphnteea of other portions of the 
tSrae book, are somewhat ntunerona. In thin 
article -wb purpoao pointine; out tho» portions 
of the Prayer Book which haTe been treated 
in this manner, and to indicate where these 
metrical Tcraions may he found, Observing 
the order of the Services w« have tho follow- 
ing results : — 

I, Du lai'i Purer. Metrical versions in given 
in lie Old and tile )lw Versions, juhI In pari or hi roll 
in vaiLons worlca und collectlotis of h jjdiu. A tolenblv 
rail Hat nlll be fmunl in tlie Index of SekHnt an£ 
Butjiuti at the toil of tfiLi DiillnHy. 

li. TftilM, tin la&tx at 6. u>d B. muieT Pulm xcv. 



rEAVEB BOOK 

hi, aio*jb*t)iluF»*b*r. 8m DtuL«it*, p. 108, L 
h. I* Jmuu lutdubu*. 8rt T^ Dunn, 
v. 9*n«diiiiti, Obiji opori. 6f* Bwdioita, p\ 13*, ii 
*t, Bwsdwtaa, Sec Bww4wh», p. lM, u, 
Til. fuMlnti Do». fled Iada M B, and 3. natter 
Pnimc. 

TiiL Apcatl**' Oroad, ICetrUal Twiratft lv. both tbfl 
Old and Ibo fl*«f Vcrtioni, 
ix, atacnUtit. a»» 't"""i p. »11, n. 
M, Httna Blaaittii. S« Jrtuu BimiUi*, p- Ms, iL 
si, 1»b Hunmtvr, Sw IwUh at S. tmfl B. vnde* 
t^alm Ixrdi. 
so, ttulvuBqo* *ult, P™ Tnlitr tI Tirln Tint I^inr 
xlli. ItwLttuT, Bwlltmit*, Mstiio^il. 077, fl. 
xlv. OoUaab, CVilifflta In yam liaTt b«n on (Ik 
wholt laliunM. Tlie tittcaipte wbicb liive been made 
are ur tiro Llade: tit fink venlllcalion of tbs OoJ- 
l«ts «( tb«y etund, and Uh Hcoad. au tbiborulon t* 
tua loading ibonght therein contained. Toe metrical 
r«uKiUie« of Joalab Condor (o..t.\ a Woncooformiit, 
aie a good Laftanoa of tbo fortiaeT j aud Iboao bj Somnal 
Elctirds Cl-v-) ^ *•» litter. In addition to tbote 
renderiD^ wklcb are apeclaUr annotated in thlt Uto- 
tkinary, and are to be Eiund tlirougb tbe Inlax of 
B4M01U *ad RubjMtl at tat and, Uia fblhuiiiig Kirta 
mitain YtMlciU of Taljlng m*rtt ; — 

1. Bpumt/it Oeeatimai uu to file Pttfith (Aursh 
af S. Jiter tifimti*fka*< By R. W. Atappd, v,»„ 
Sector, 1611, 

3. Hyzmt for Private IXmXiimJor ike Saniavt and 
Saina Dayi nraugh&it tin year. By tbo Rev. Samuel 
MckiiiV Hi..ic. London : Hatciard k 3™. ISiS. 

3. SfeJ. ^ Ft. t Bj/t. intended for Public WorAip, 
be. By tbe Rtv. VF, Bimes, Rector of EUchmoad. 
(Tmta.) XB3t 

a. ciurtA and flwn* Aaimodji, 4c. Bj tbo tt*v. 
T. JudHn, Hi., fc, London : BatciiTd 4 Son, 1*J2. 

B, Arirvtti, or CbJtici-B^Bitu, adaiifed <e Uc Atafed 
Sm*m of (be C*un:* <jf" Btwiaod, £o. By 'ne Itev. 
Absar W. Brown. London s AMagUKM. lets. 

(. TAa fljllacd, ParajAmud «■ fjtrtteic tuts r«rn 
/or (4* Pb o/ roiinjr JKopta. Richmond, ism . 

t. Otmhu. Aort JTayw* in rtrie/orSuTiiidjj and 
Krfjf /Joi/I, tt London: Rlilngtont. IBS!. 

H. autettfm* OtHJitutsu of «* C*nrel o/ ^ptumJ 
parajgkraudoyadunikitdn. PrlT«t«lT printed. 1S6N. 

». Jfelriiidl CtaJiesej/nna. is* Pwit tf Ofwtaum Prayer. 
[Kin HunipfarqyB-] London : SwIsy'B. 1856. 

10, Tfta <TAat*r and Oroitirs ; <rr, Praia and Prayti: 
Br Jwrtop Condor, London ; Jackson a: Wilford, iajf , 
This woie wan insuideit In Otandara JTysmr ^ Pltljf, 
i*ra>er, and Oewni iSnWaiuin, uu. 

11. fljpaiu /«* lie Cbl/oclr Uroi^Wut tt* roar, fat 
the Uit trf Children. London t JKoilejr. 1897. 

11. SfpJ Co (** jStncfaiary. Br th* Rev. Junea FonL 
Cambridge: Hacmillan. jess. This contain* am Pn\- 
lacta and Prayara in tbe order fur Hurning Prayer pafa- 
phraltd in Verae. 

13. 3*e CstJarfj o/ JAe CAarcJ. 4^ £nflIdB,( nnoVgwl 
into ^inpli; Frr« ftr ills SjMl'a! Pie «/ CAiUMll. 
lira. Fred. Ja*. Smith. London: MiJtcra, 1971. 

11. rt* JhuttiJ ^ artsrt .- A JjW™aI L4Ihijji. 
London: LonnnanB. lata. Tbi> la a Mslrfcil Para- 
rhiMe ol ttepwli gf Oomnon Praytt bj *' a Noncon- 
Eormtsl l^fman" [no Hie iTc/owJ. 

IS. 7Aot^rnir Jarough £ae Xo^ncd. Spnnpi* f upffwtod 
by IM OiltecU, fiy J, K, A- Hronii, London: Straban. 

1*. PmJml and Jfysnu for the Church. By tbs 
Rot. \Y, J. IrenB,iiHrr, London: I^ongmaua. 18"T3-tlV- 
lsaa. Hit liycuin on the CtaltaM are described u " Mtdi- 
tatloni on tne Collects for tat Dnv." 

1}, Sjfmnt aud Ytrttt on lie (MSati. By lira, 
C. M, rUsallcUd. Idndon : Longmontk F.v, 

Id addition to Uiew, sea also Index of 3. anj B. 

XT, Tba aTplaUai, In addition to the collections num. 
bered above, Hot, 3, la, tbere aT* metrical Terslons of 
tba Solatia in :— 

1. Several Teralona in Dr. MonBella poetical irortu. 

2. Jfymxi oh flic Sputter. BylLD.Kartia. Kiogiton- 
on-Tbninee. law. 

x«i, tlw fluaj»l», In 9et3km ii*. iixnt, Sat. 2, 3, 
coEtaln kynma on thft (xoapela. tithtlt ar* given In :— 

1. Patau and Sfaun onl&t. lUIi/ Goipttt. By 
n. S. If. Hubert. 1846, 

a /S/mtit /rant «« 6ohkI 0/ il< Bu^. fee. By the 
Itev. J. S. Bode, h.a. Oiford, J. U. A J. Parker, lew. 

3. JrVneUaneoaj smkhu, Dy tl» Rev. J. K«bK w.a. 
Oaford: J, rarher JsCo, laflft. Several in this irmk. 

Sm Abo Index of B, and B. 

xrii, HoIt OotnamnloE, Steludd of B, *ad9, 
xriii. Holy Baptiam. See Index ef B. ani B. 



PB.A.YEH 18 THE BltEATH OK GOD 

i±x. tb> CaitoauHa, In addition to (gnaqlthtg :—- 

1. fljrmiw/or <?M14rat. 1S41-4S. By Dr. Ne»l« i 

J. J&ioih/«* *** Hjidw. 1M4. By Dr. Naak : 

a. Jtywu e» tile CalisMm. By tai Bar. I. William*, 
1843. 

See also In tie Tains nt falrjefb and feuetu under 
"The Creed;" "Ite Lord's Preya!-;" " Tta* Tan 
CoamunlmtnU;" "fljuly Comauinlwi}" nod "Hnly 
Bapltam." 

» CimftmntTan i Hot/ Wntrimaur/, Bee loin at 
I, judB, 

nJ. TUUmtlm of the SUfc. Sea Indax rf t aid I. 
under " Afflktko." "Patterns," "Resignation." and 
Linind m^Bda. 

na BheU. felaiaiofB'. an* S. tinder "Burial* 
and " Death." 

ulli. fJhnnUwaf ¥<ma. Beelaaextf ft ani S. 

iziT. OtuuIuiIiML. S» Xndax *( B. aid M. under 
11 Aeh Wedsaaday '■ and « L*ut" 

xxr. ft rfim^Un ; Cena*« ratios a' Bdihopa. Be* 

sa»i, Hmni, Tta hymn* found ib tnt Stipflmjnl 
at the end of Hb JValnw Jn lha old Piajctr &xAi, 
altbougi often oaUed " \ht Prayer Souk nj mot," an, 
(IrtctlY speaking, nut so. ToraenTmna are noted under 
Srw TenUn, and (Ud Ttratoi in Variwu, 

The whole Prayer Book was rendered into 
Latin Yoree by Bandolph Gilpin, as ; — 

LitHT<iKtl jSucm ; cmnl rAeibifWfi AH tonripaMUf 
vrttcvio dt/mrtnii rf vld dimiimu Jlt/m* dtawisld a 
Hand. (iUptn Staesni. wl, Opxxia SpiritKttlibKt omm- 
otu wri t'ArfttioHft dt'a» psiril d^uifttntta- Jus* 
/HUH. iwl. 

Another work which deals with every por- 
lion of the Prayer Book from the " Sentences " 
to " The Fifth of November," is :— 

a ITnapfEai™ q/* J'joJdm ana J^mur on JAf CWtadr, 
J&Cdler, Coqoeti,- awl oh (Jis A»l>, ftaHvali, and 
jft<« of tt« Vriiltd e*s«Jt s/ Atflanti anil Srriand, 
London: Smtth. Elds & Co. isss. 

This work was compiled by a lady, and 
aont&ins shout 400 hymns. [J. J.] 

Prayer ia the breatli of God in man. 
B. Bsddotm- (Prayer.'] This apnearcd in 
Robert Hall's posthumous ed, of JBedSon»> 
iTjinti*, Ac, 1817, No. 103, in 5 at. of i ).,and 
headed " ItupOrtullfle of P»y«r." It was added 
to tlie 27th ed. of Rippori's Sel, 1S-27, No. 8S3 
<Pt. L), and frODi thtiOCO Ilia passed into 
aeToral collectiotiF, KimetiracB dated 1787 
(RLppon'B let ed.) La error, and at other times 
with the opening line changed to " Prayer la 
the Spirit 0/ (net G*oV' TIuj hymn " Wlien 
Qod inclines the heart to pray," in Bpurgeon's 
O. O. II. Bk., 1866> ia wmposed of at. W„ r. 
of the original. [J. J.] 

Prayer ifl the bouI'a fiino&re dflaire. 

J. Montgomery. [Prajfic,} Thia hynm was 
written iii 381$, ht the request of tho Bey. E> 
Bickcr&teti i, for hia 3V«rf its on Prayer. It Was 
that printed in 18 IS, together with three other 
hymns by Montgomery on Piayer (" Thou, 
God, Art: a coasumia^ flre," " Lord} teach us 
now to pray aright," find <* Wliat shfdl Tin ask 
of God in prayer r"), on a broadsheel, for wee 
in the Sunday Schools of Sheffield (Wiuco- 
rjank Hall Library), In 1819 it wns published 
simultaneously in IMckerstetli's Treatise on 
Prayer rmd the 8th cd. of Cotterill's Ssl-, No. 
278. Cotterill'a text is that rf tlie broadsheet, 
whilst Bickeratotb's is ilirfitly different. ns in 
st y. 1. +, " Ami cry ' Beludd,' ,f Ac,, chorjgcu to 
"AnAtaij 'Behold,'" &c, nnd at. vi., which 
reads in oach:— 

(Mltrill. •' In praytr cm «rth tht tilnti ire onp, 
111 von], And J«d, ahd mind ; 
lVlien with tie FAtbsi and Hk *ra 
Sw*« frlkmshljj ta«y find,' 1 



PHE1SWEEK, SAMUEL 907 

AcbnttfA, "Tht ninii in prayer apptar at nr* T 
la ff«rd, and deed, and mind, 
Wben, nlth tae Fuller, and the Son, 
T»* rellouitip tney And," 

Id his OfcrttiW PaoImiX, 1825, No. 480, 
Montgomery repeated the test as in Sieker* 
rtrti, with the change in gt, viL L 4 of " For 
Bonert Intercedes," into " For mctwiura inter* 
cedes. 1 ' In his ptirate copy of the Gkrittkm 
FhMI Montgomery marked gt, iv. and t. to 
be trnnapoaed in case of a reprint, and this 
iras carried into effect in his Origiiud Hut., 
1858, No. €8. The altered line, si vi[. ]. 4, is 
also restored to read " For sinners intercedes," 
In addition to the extensive nse of the liymn 
In its fid) form, it is also abbreviated. Some- 
times the abbreviated texts begin with the 
first stansut, and at other times with " Prayer 
Is the Christian'! vital breath,' 1 or with " Prftyer 
is the contrite sinner's voice." [J, J.] 

FwuiotiB Bible! what a treasure. 
J, Newton. [Hioly Scripture*,] Pub, jq his 
Ta&tlif Siz tftten, At JEty Omiaou, 177i, 
in 6 st. of 6 1, and lieuded, " The Word of 
God more precious than Gold," It was re- 
peated in B. Conyers's (Ml, 1774, No. 276, 
nnd again in the Ol»ft/ Hymnt, 1778, Bt it, 
No. G3. It is found in a few modern hymn- 
books. [J, J.J 

Precious promise Qod hatl giiren. 
N. Jfflea. [IS* IWswe Guidr..] Concerning 
thia hymn and its writer, 8. W. BnffieJd says 
in his English Bymnt, lSSfi, pi 401 :— 

* Tlila TTtU-knoim ' Haaiy and Ssokey ' bwtsa was 
written hj Mr. Nathaniel Kite, a, rtsldeat at Un»i» 
town, Hew Jstk;, tod, at tlul tlrna, a Uwyer in Mew 
York Qty. Mr. Niln wu bom m Sontli JCIniiliKt, 
Rbuda uuaad, 3t[)l*ial*p leth, lass. He compoaad 
tbe» vertsa on the mat^ln or » newspaper In tin rail- 
way csr vklle cm fail way to onHd^W**. 

The hymn tras pub. in The EpUeopalian} 
and again in P, BHas*s Gotpel /Songt, 1874, 
witb musie by Bliss. Tho text and music In 
L D. Saakey'fl Sacrtti 8. and Sotot, ate frani 
tlie €otpd Songe. [J. J.] 

Praia, Lob, Ihr, BuJun, Dank, 
Kraft and Maeht. [Giora to tie Lamb.] 
In tlie Geittreiches G. B., Halle, 1687,p, 591, 
In 7 ft, of 6 1., repeated in the Berlin O.L.S., 
ed. 1S6S, No. 1028. It is tr. t?, "Thanks' 
giTing, honour, praiee and. might," ua No. <I28 
in pt. i. of the Jlforuoum if, Sk., 1764, find 
No. eS3 in tho ed. of 11583. [J. M.] 

Pwiswerk, Samuel, s. of AVeMnder 
Proiswtrk, pastor At Kiimlingen, in the canton 
of Bssclj wns h. at Itumlin^en, Sept, 19, 1799. 
AfUT studying Jit the Universities of Basel, 
Tubingen, and Erlangen, lie was for some time 
curate in chargo at Ucnkcv, in die canton of 
Basel. In 1821 he wee appointed prtadier at 
the Bawl Orphanage, nnd in 1829 tutor of 
Hebrew at tlie Basel mission house. In 1830 
he was chosen as pastor of Muttenz, near 
Basel, but on the outbreak of the Revolution 
of 1882 had (o lunvo. After being from 1834 
to 1837 professor of Old Testament Exe^csia 
nnd Oriental languages in the Evangelical 
Theologieal Insfiliilion nt Genevn, no re- 
turned to Basel, where he Was instituted, in 
181!}, an pastor of St. Loonsrd's ehiirch, and 
in 1859 as antistea, or highest dignitary in the 
Cathedral. Ho d, at Basel, Jan. 13, 1871 



90S PBENTJBS, ELIZABETH 

(0. Kraut, 1870, p. 400 ; Atig. DevUcie B(ig. 
xsvi, 552, to.)- 

JTibwerfc wu i dlaUsedislMd pnither. lie wu«ne 
of the editor* of th» £ueu7. A . 16M. Hll hymns were 
written it virions tbus, generally to bo wed it MIMoil 
rod otner metLutgJ In wbicb be w*» toUkeptrt. Sliteen 
wan Included In 4 eoUcwtlsii tailed by two of hij Frlendi 
■ad pob. it Buel, loll, 14 the .SeanofltKftfr Liidrr 
AVoiu (Ml ayicEs old ind new), mis of bl» byrimi 
an In Knipp'i ifc. J,. B., ed. I860. The only one (r. 
iauEnslishV;— 

Dm i*t dor o*m«hiv BtJirkft. jriuiont. In 1344, as 
iWe, Moi «a d p. 134, la Bet. of 4 1. Included In KntppV 
Jftt. JL S, IBS*, Uo, lie* (lean, No. 11M). St", u -.— 

Eirk, flu Oburob pnxJiimt tor berntn-, In fell by 
Hfe* Wlaltiiflrtli In ber iym Per,, ind «r, lslB, p. 19, 
ml her ft £./or Jfiwtand. 1993, No, ltt-dHv mttn^Ma 
iba Brat line uMat lit darQanMlndeSttirke). Kepeattd 
in Oie P*. * Jim, Bedford, tail, ind In* Ohio i«A. 
flirt.. 1990. [J. M.] 

Prentiaa, HUaa-beth, ntSe Payaon, 
youngest daughter of Dr. Edward Ptvyaon, 
WU b. at Portland, Maine, Oct SB, 1616; 
married to George LewiB Prentiss, d.d., then 
at Bedford, Massachusetts, April, 1845 : and 
d. at Dorset, Vermont, Aug. 13, 1876. Her 
Life and Letter* by her husband appeared 
Home time after. Jir. Prentiss removed from 
Bedford to Now York in 1851, (ind was 
appointed Profussor of Pastoral Theology at 
Union Seminaiy, New York, 1373. Mrs, 
Prentiss's worts include lite FUmsr of tht 
JVwtiip; Stepping fftttvunward, 1869; and 
Xdigiont Poems, 1S7S. Of her hymns the 
two following at* most widely known : — 

li Am «n * ™t tiara*] ibcit, Tjiaiiiijjuiipp. Ccn- 
tribuied to &ba9"a Cai-fi! in Auto, isw. 

J. Iih llil te Th«a, <r Dhrilt. J&rt Low ta PiriU 
itiiYtd. Written bi ISO*, ind firtt printed on i fly- 
obtet ; Ibaa in Hatfield's Clmreh B. St. t S. Y., 1*72. 

[P. M. B.] 

Presbyterian Hymnody, SngUnh. 
Presbyteriamsm in England presents in its 
history four distinct and sharply defined pe- 
riods, bud in all of these it has been directly 
associated with English hymnody. 

i. It wtt the form of religion ■* as by law 
established " in England from 1047 to 1652, 
a period of five years. It was originally in- 
tended to institute a Synod in each county, 
and n General Assembly for tho -whole king- 
dom. The usurpation of Cromwell, however, 
and the interference of the array in ecclesias- 
tical as well as in civil uffelrs, prevented tho 
execution of this design, and it was only in 
London and Lancashire that Synods were 
formed. In Lancashire there wen nine 
Presbyteries, and several must liave been 
formed in the neighbouring counties. The 
Presbyteries of Manchester and Mewcastle-on- 
Tyne were established in lBW apd 1448, 
under tho orditlAJtOO Of Parliament; and the 
first meeting of tlie Synod of Lancashire was 
held in 1G49. 

The Metrical Psalma, which were In nse in 
the Presbyterian Churches during this period 
w/cre those of frdncu Rous (q.T.), Bpeaker of 
the House of Coromorji, and one of the lay 
deputies to tho Westminster Assembly. [See 

Prtlton, SiifUsb, § II.] 

ii. The overthrow of FKabytcriunism was 
followed by a general decline. Baring ceased 
to meet in Prwldytcry, many of the ministers, 
in the faoo of the Calvinism of the Westmin- 
ster standards, became tinged with Animism 
which ultimately developed into Socinianism. 
A considerable number of congregatiens in 



PEESBYTERIAK HYMNODT 

varionu parts of the conntry, eapecisllv in t!ie 
north, adhered to the doctrine formulated in 
those documents; others pecame Congregv 
tionalists ; but a considerable number also 
were influenced by their Arian pastors. Thus 
in the corn*) of 150 yearn the otu* rigidly 
orthodox Church became openly Unitaiian. 

Duripo; this period, the Soottith FtaUvr 0/ 
1650 was in use amongst the congregations 
throughout England. 

iii. la 1S3B a new era dawned. A conven- 
tion of ministers and elders of the remaining 
orthodox Pretiliylerinitf was held at Man- 
chester, when they agreed to form themselves 
into a Synod, in accordance with the recom- 
mendation of the General Assembly of the 
Church cf Scotland, and styled the same 
" The Presbyterian Church in England." For 
forty years its progress wag rapid and encou- 
raging. The Home Mission Committee suc- 
ceeded in establishing preaching stations in 
many of the leading towns and cities, especi- 
ally in Liverpool, Newcastle, Manchester, and 
London, which became Belf-supporting. Great 
activity was also shown in Foreign Mission 
work, especially in China and India. 

For a few yearn the reconstructed body used 
the Pialtsr of 1650 as before; but in 1947 
a. committee was appointed to prepare a hymn- 
book for its use, which was pnb. as Pwayhmtet 
* JTytL, tfc, 1857. In 1867 the late Kev.Kr. 
Hamilton, of Regent Square Church, Loudon, 
laid upon the table of tho Srwid Ptabtix and 
ffynuw for Divine IVottkip. This book consisted 
of Sil hymns and versions of Psalms, together 
with paraphrases of Scripture, It was care- 
fully edited, and set to music of a high order, 
the latter being edited by Dr. Bimbanlt. It 
was accompanied by ft Preface setting forth 
its scope and design, and embodying an expla- 
nation of its contents. As a hymnal it soon 
took a foremost position, and was almost uni- 
versally adopted by the congregations of the 
body in England, and also by many congrega- 
tions of Presbyterians in the British Colonies, 
especially in Australia, Kew Zealand, and At 
the Cape. 

iv. In 1876 a great impetus -was given, to 
Presbyteriuniurti in England by the union 
which then took place oerwecn the Presby- 
terian Church in England, and nearly 100 
congregations belonging to tho United Presby- 
terian Church of Scotlnlld. located throughout 
England, and many of which date their origin 
from tho 18th century. This united body is 
now haown as the "Presbyterian Church of 
England" 

At the Union in 1 876 the United Presby- 
terian section continued to use tho hymnal 
which had been recently Introduced by the 
Mother Church in Scotland— !Tftis PraftpteWnn 
Ht/mmd, [gee Soottaib. HjhuhmIt"), and the 
PreBbyterinn Church in England congrega- 
tions, mainly, the Pealma and Hymn* for 
Divine Warthip of 1867. A feeling, bowejver, 
arose that the time had come when a new 
hymual, enriched with the fruits of more re- 
cent hymnody, should bo prepared. A com- 
mittee waa accordingly appointed by the Synod 
of ISflO, with instructions to consider what 
should be done with a view not only to enrich 
the materials for the service of song in the 
sanetuary, but to bring the congregations of 



tBIOHABJJ, VICABD 

the Church, m Eh as possible, into unban in 
tbe matter. Under the convenership of the 
Rev. W. Bigby Murray, Brunswick Street 
Church, Manchester, thit committee produced 
in 1881 the present hymnal of tbe "Pres- 
byterian Church of Higiftnd," Chitreh Praise. 
(Lend., Nisbet it Co,). It contains 535 hymns 
and 19 lioxologies, arranged in 15 auctions, 
as i. "The Holy Trinity "; ii. "The Loud 
Jesus Christ": fii. "The Holy Spirit"; it. 
" The Gospel," Ac. In the text of the hymns 
the originals have been followed in every in- 
stance except where a divergence seemed to 
exist in doctrine from that of the Presbyterian 
Church. The section for the young forms a 
prominent feature, 63 hymns being supplied 
for the purpose of adapting the collection for 
Sunday School* and Children's Services. The 
music has been revised by Dr. E. J. Hopkins, 
end is of a high order. The expression marks 
throughout the collection are by the Bev. 
W. Kigby Murray. 

v. Great progress haa been made in Psal- 
mody in the Presbyterian Church of England 
within the pest twenty years. The use of In- 
strumental music, strictly forbidden till 1870, 
has become general. The practice of chanting 
and the uec of anthems in public worship, are 
also spreading rapidly. Sir Herbert Oakeley's 
Bible Ftaltet is iu use in a considerable num- 
ber of congregations : and the Bar. W. Bigcy 
Murray (Editor of Oatrch Praiw, and ,Se/uwJ 
Prate,) has published (1836) The Bevited 
Flatter, being the first attempt to adapt the 
Eevised VeraWi of the Holy Scriptures to 
chant music, 

vi. The only hymn-writer of note belonging 
to the Presbyterian Church of England is the 
late J. D, Bums, M. a., sometime minister at 
Harapstead, who died in 1864, [See Bun*, 
J. B.J [W. B. M.J 

Prlohard, Vioard, h.a., younger brother 
of Bhye Prichard, was an eminent Welsh poet 
am] the author of the 'well-known boot called 
CaniotfUt/ Cgmry. He was b. at Llanymddyfri,' 
Carmu rthenehire, about 1579. Hie father was 
the owner of large property in the neighbour- 
hood. He was educated tit Jesus College, 
Oxford, whore ho took bis degree in June, 
1602, having been previously ordained Priest 
on the 25th of April in that yes* by John, 
BuAfraean Bishop of Oolonester. In the same 
year he was presented to the Vicarage of 
IJandingat, his native parish, m which the 
town of Llandovery is situated, and whence 
ho was called Vicar of Llandovery, Ae a 
preacher he was one of the first of his day, 
and such was his popularity that when he 
came to keep residence at St. David's, of 
which Cathedral he wus a Prebendary, he was 
obliged to keep a moveable pulpit, whiah was 
placed in the churchyard, tbe Cathedral being 
too small for his congregations. Perceiving 
the people to be very ignorant, ami also much 
addicted to singing, ho turned the substance 
of his sermons into verse which bo gave to 
his parishioners, and thus originated most of 
those hymns which had so great an influence 
over his countrymen, He «, at Llandovery 
in 1614. 'When the pious Bishop Bui), who 
was so eh&rmed with Frichsrd's character and 
the unspeakable good done in Wales by his 



PRIMERS AND OFFICES 908 

poems, wished to be buried near him, bis 
grave could not be found. [W. G. T.J 

Primer* and Offlew for tha Laity, 
i. Introduction. — 1. The term Primer, in 
its ritual sense, designates a aeries of devo- 
tional books for the laity, marked by certain 
general characteristics. The word is found 
thus as early as Piers Ploughman (before 
I860). The earliest known copy is a us. <sf 
the end of the 14 tb cent The earliest printed 
Primer, according to tbe Earum U*e, is of the 
year 14M, Its contents are :— 

(1) The Kikndar (1) SunOiy FrdjUT*. (3) HttjTll 
of our Isdy, wltbi jirymt tudtot bonrtft, (hi bouitBof tin 
pwypa of our limit, «ri of (be omiinwyim of our l»dj. 
(*) Pa FrofmHliq ftr all Cryelea wmtes. (1) .Sunitrj 
pntfira. (e) Tba fifteen Injure* vtibe punyou. (1) 
Vn&am Id tw Stirjp, (s) The scitd pulmn. fifteen 
pulniei wfth. (be tetanic ew) (nlfrtgw . (») PUcibo, 
atrije mi canpncwlKy.ai, (10) Vtalmea of tin puayon. 
(H) Tlit ftOeeo Oos In Eitglyetbt. (12) Bcijijr 
prtjrerij, 

From this period to 1545 a number of 
editions of the Sarwm Primer are extant. 
Additions ore made to the contents of the 
volume, which attains its greatest development 
m the editions of Regnnult at Paris, 1526-34 
(Ren. 33d. Hotkmt). From 1545 there is a 
break in the Scrota series, bat it is Ksumcd 
in 1551, and in Mary's reign (l554-9Ji These 
Sarum Primer* are of great interest in regard 
to tbe provision of vernacular devotions for 
the latty tn the Roman Church, 

2, The Beformatlan produced another series, 
which mav be divided Into three stages ; (1) 
The illicit .Printers of (fie GvtyeUert, com- 
mencing as early as 1530. The earliest ex- 
tant edition is that known Efl MarihalCr Pri- 
mur (1594-tS). The basis of tiiese is still the 
Sarttm book, but with alterations, emissions 
{e.g. in some editions^ of the Litany and 
Dirjge or OfBoe for the Dead), and explana- 
tions in tbe Reformed sense. (2J The Pri- 
mer* of Saury vni. ani Edward yt. (3) The 
Refitea edili&iit of iltete, with the Orari-am, of 
Miiabeth. 

3, Finally, The 17(h ctni. (1599-1706) pro- 
duced a series founded no longer on the 
Sanity bat on the Btmatt Bitviarj/, for the 
ueo of English Boman Catliolica. 

4, For the pqjposes of this Dictionary, 
these groups, with their numerous members, 
can only he considered with reference to the 
trt- of the tftlin bysmuj, which they exhibit 
As Ihey extend over a lengthened period, 
they present a variety of renderings, changing 
with the change of poetical fashion, andare 
thus well worth attentive study with a view 
to securing the best representation, of the 
Latin hymns for purposes of warship. They 
seem, except in a few cases, of which an echo 
remains In the tr&. Of this century, to have 
passed almost into oblivion, even among 
Roman Catholics. 

ii. Sanaa Primer*. — 1. The us. Primer of 
StirHM (e. J400), printed in Mr. MaskeUs 
afoma&enta Eitualia (vol, ili.), has prose ren- 
derings of the hymns. A MB. at Cambridge 
(c. 1430) has the memories of the hours m 
metre. In the Sarttm Primer*, 15M-44, and 
1555-8, not only the hymns for the horns 
and the memories, but portions of the 
Dirige (tbe Office for the Dead), are versified 
in a rude fashion; more, apparently, as on 



910 PBIMBHS AND OFFICES 

indication uf metro in the original than for 

singing. Snob, a verse as this could novel 

have teen sung to the tuuec-f " Veal Creator; *' ; 

" Coma hoi jf Gw*t e Ciestonr eWmull 

In our mliules to mitt vlelUclon; 

And fulfyl Tbou irjth gn« nipt null 

Onr hula ihtt t» ofthr cieuioa." 

ill. Unauthorized Primers of the Reforma- 
tion. — Of the early mid illicit primers of the 
Reformation, the primer known as Marshall's, 
1535 (reprinted in Thrta Primers tetfortk is 
the reign of Heart/ vill.. Clarendon Frew), is 
a good type. The hynms for the hours are 
veniBcd- In metre they are more regular 
than those of tho &itup* series, and more 
conformed to Latin types. The Latin origi- 
nate of the Sotuih series are rejected : and all 
hymns to the B, V- M. are omitted. The 
"Yeni Creator" is translated in part, and 
probably many of the hymns have soma 
Latin source of inspiration, but the feeling 
and the doctrinal east is that of Coverdale's 
Goot&y Fftdmef and the Gospellers. Ep. 
Hilaey & Primer (1589), which wa» drawn up 
at Thus. Cromwell's, command, is bnaed far 
more on the 3af»m series, is similar to it 
in irregularity of metre, and retains with little 
modification the addresses to the B. V. M, 

ir. J.iriAoriied Prime™, 1 545-1559.— 1. TJie 
Privw of Henry vm. (1515), which was re- 
printed frequently, with increasing modifica- 
tion of the worship of the B. V, M, np to 1553, 
and then revised under Elizabeth, in 1559, 
cboosea from the So-rum Breviary an entirety 
new set of hymns, "Jam lucis"; ■* Ales die! 
nnutiua"; "Consora paterni lumiuis"; "Be- 
nun Creator " ; " Aeterna coeli gloria' 1 ; "Scd- 
valor mundi"; and in two cases, apparently, 
joins centos from two Latin hymns so as to 
form a new piece. They nro chosen partly for 
allusions to the hours lor whirh Ibey are fixed, 
and partly as expressions of sober piety. The 
tr*. are evidently intended to reproduce latin 
measures, and are either trochaic, or L.n. 
(The sacred use of l.m. for onr hymns springs 
from tho HefonnatiQn Primer, as a representa- 
tive of the Iambic, latin.) The versififaticn 
is a great advance en the Sarum Printers, and 
(be trs. coo bin some good verses. The follow- 
ing may serve as a specimen of the sort of 
verso wnich might be still enshrined in the 
Prayer Booh if tlie Latin hymns had then 
been made {Art of Matins and Evensong. 
"QtinKh tin Ihhi uf dvt debute; 
Foul ml uulaoou hut abate ; 
Grant, mrta onr bodf hesHli. 
To our teut* true pence ud wealth." 

In the sanction if not the production of 
this booh, Oranmer must have had a band, 
and a letter of Ids (Oct, 7, 1514, BW*, p. 412, 
Parker Society} shows that he bad it in his 
mind to translate the Latin hymns. Bnt tho 
Prayer Book of 1549 has no hymns, except the 
"Voni Creator" (CM.), in the Ordinal; nor 
has that of 1552. And as if the omission in 
both cases was the result Of some change of 
view, perhaps connected -with Calvin's restric- 
tion of pra.be to the Metrical Psalter, the 
Primer of 1553, which has very little of the 
distinctive features of the other primers, and 
it based on the Boole of Common Prayer, has 
bo hymns whatever. 

% In annexion with the Prkiur of Eliza- 
beth, or more accurately with tho Qmr&m 



PBIMEBS AND OFFICES 

(l&tlO), should be mentioned a book called 
The Hthttt of Ptayet, At, lt>27, by Bp. Coein : 
and John Austin 1 * Devotions in the Antieni 
Wajf of Offitxa, 1668 [AuiHn, f.]. Both arc 
framed on the model of the Primers, and have 
some Latin translations, but most of the 
pieces are original Enjjlith hymns [Ingliih 
Hjinmdy, Burly, § III. 10]. 

v,J?OmftitPrii«itr*,15!#9-17g6. It ia probable 
that some Primer was issued by the Ckuraii 
of Borne in the earlier part of Elizabeth's 
reign; bnt for the present an edition of 1599 
(Lom&ela. LiW) published at Antwerp, with a 
preface signed B. V. (probably Robert Yer- 
Btegan) must be considered the first of a new 
series, founded no longer on the Sarum bat on 
the Soman Breviary. The members of it are 
the Primer of 1599, reprinted 1601, 1650 and 
1658, all at Antwerp; the Primer of 1615, 
Mechlin (Brit. Mut.), reprinted at St. Omer, 
1619, and again (place not given) 1632 (Brit, 
Mm) ; that of 168*, Rouen ; 1865, Antwerp; 
1687, printed by Henry Hills, London- 17«j t 
no- place of publication or name of printer; 
reprinted in 1717 and 1732. 

So 1st M IuO general content* of t]«M cdttious U« 
WfKcnwd, It mojt svJRos to any, that tbsy add to lb* 
rJmirt of s. v. h. mi flw seperal cmllu* uf lbs airiiH 
bw** the Henrt of tbe Cpmt, md tit oUtc* ot ibe 
Hnlj Glwrt, The Anliwrp «diumu nr* illli* tn 
psncnit tmngaunl s but tt» i**s oditluu odds viih 
otber pktfflttift Hosuy " m nMin HerllijMiy'B <3»p<l 
■tSt, Junes'," nil toe Lltan; d Out l^dj of Loreiio. 
The Bautn book hu a dlffirart nnnin^iiient md six 
ofllcw. m iwlL u «thcr new miller, mH fimnd in tba 
Atitwtrp editions. The London etnlton (IWJ, Sawn 
Ckapei iDd £rVi. JTKSflwi) la of gnat intercut ts lisvlng 
teen pablilLfd, by tlM "printer to tb* Kiltg'a Must 
EicelW Mi]t«ty tor W» ttoflwiiolii and CtiipSl," »t 
the unith of. Jimes'B wrwer. It «H» to the conienU 
of th* Antwerp bcolca, the Vtspcn on SmxUyi ud Holy- 
i^yt, ti« OrdinuT' of Th* 1 Mm, and Kvcnl uIIkt 
diTDtioiu, The 1T0S edtttan" is aLmllar In CflDtealE. and 
UTSBjemEnt to the Antwerp, iWS, 

2. The hymns in this series have lately 
attracted well-deserved attention. One of the 
new features of these primers is a stleotton of 
"Hymns throughout the year. 1 * The Latin 
originals chosen for translation remain con- 
stant in ail the cdd. (speaking generally), and 
are, until 1706, Vesper hymns; in 1706, tho 
whole of the Breviarv hymns are translated. 
In the case of the VVsper hymns and t1lO*e 
that are incorporated in the offices (say 40) 
there are consequently fonr sets of translations 
from the same originals, changing hy easy steps 
from the Elizabethan freshness of 1599 to the 
Drydenesoue rhetoric of 1706. (The change 
it the more gradual from the fact, that with 
some exceptions, especially in 1706, the 
metres remain the same. In the preface to 
the reprint of 1604 it ts said that " the hymiws 
arc so turned into English meeter that they 
may be soong unto the tunes in Latin ; '' and 
these toelrea, with tho exception of the Sap- 
phics, approved themselves in later editions.) 
A good selection fiom these try., printed aide 
by side in pairs, for comparison, in Mr. Orby 
Shipley's Annul Saatiut, 1S&4, has made Some 
of these hymns easy of access. One other 
hymn of 1604 should have been added, the 
beautiful translation of " Veui Sancte Spiri- 
ts " ("Come unto us. Holy Ghost "), of which 
Mr. Shipley has published the revision of 
1685. It is singularly like Caswall's transla- 
tion, "Holv Spirit, Lord of Light," and the 
E. A. * 37, tc in elation, "Come, Thou Hdv 



PRIMERS AKD OFFICES 

Spirit, come," in treatment, act) here and there 
in actual Hues. 

3. The Primer of 1615 La examined under 
Drttmnxmd, IS of Its hymns being included 
in the 1711 ed. of Drununoud's poettcal works. 

Mr. Orby Bblpky. tn tbe Jsttvt ,Bwc(i«, strongly dte- 
pntea Drumnuod 'a glilm. (See also &itimJqy Jfcticte, 
Aug. 23, lBfii.) Hi, IV. T. Brooke, however, still np- 
hulda Dnnnmond'a antboinbln. ^n the preface to the 
lit ad., i»iSi (is tri. uo Mid 10 have been the noil! 
of •■ one most skilful in English poelrie." 

4, The nasi known JVi'mer is that of 1684. 
But In a little book, examined by Mr. W. T. 
Brooko, entitled Prison Fietie, by Samuel 
Speed, 1677, there are renderings of " Christ* 
sanctorum decus," iu Oil., aud tho "Dies 
Iree," and 7 trt. which le&ppear ill the Primer 
of 1685, relics apparently of some lost 
Primer. The Primer uf 16M {Rovusn) is ID- 
dependent in arrangement of I ho 1615 (JtfecA- 
Jin) acid 1509 (AntvKrp), and has additional 
devotions. The liymtia are generally tlio 
same a* tn 1615. But in the additional 
offices of " The Name of Jesus," and " The 
Inuuacnlate Conception," there nre new 
hymns, The hymns iq tlie office of tlie 
" Blessed Trinity," and of " The Holy Ghost," 
are also new. In tho first of these offices is a 
good fr. of " Jesu dulcis menioria " {part), in 
Ii-k. couplets (Jcsu, the Tery thought of Thee), 
which is repeated and furnished with addi- 
tional stanzas, so as to represent the entire 
hymn, in 1*86. The Primer of 1G85 has, m 
lias been said, t pieces firs, of " Te Itemn " ; 
■'Veni Sancte Spiritas": "Memento aalntis 
Aootor " ; " Jean dulcis memoria " ; " Salutia 
bniuasae Bator " : " Creator alnw siderum " ; 
" Salvete Ploros "), found in Speed's Pritott 
Pietis, 1 677. As Speed's book i s quite as much 
ft compilation as an original (e,g, containing 
pieces from Austin, Queries, and a variation 
of Cosia'a " Veni Creator "), these pieces are 
probably copied from some earlier Primer now 
lost. The "To Denm" is in the JnW for 
the first time in metre. The hymns for the 
office of " The Holy Ghost" are identical with 
those of 1684. The "Veni Suncte Spiritns," 
which had come down from 1993, is revised 
(see Annus Satwtw, Appendix, p. 83, " Come 
hnto ns, Holy Ghost"). A few hymns for 
Holy Days (Mxrtinsv St. Joseph, Hermenc- 
gild, Venantius, Teresa) are added. Tbe 
Latin originals are throughout those of the 
deformed JTaidifl.il Breviary of 1632, and 
the tn, are new. In this Primer the new 
manner -of tbe Restoration poetry makes 
itself distinctly felt. The trt. are stmic- 
times unequal, hut there are stanzas and 
some whole pieces of great nervousness and 
vigour, and its excellence is attested by 
the Targe use mndo of its fr*. in the English 
offices of tlie 18th cent The tr. of " Ooelestis 
urbs" (" Jerusalem, cclcstinl place") is a 
flllO one. The Prinnr tf 1687 {London) i*, SO 
far as its hymns are concerned, a revision of 
1689, with the addition of a, few new hymns. 
The revision extends to the substitution of 
new stanza* in seine cases. Among the new 
hymns is a (r. of "Dies Irae " f"Day of 
wrath, that dreadful day "V which appears in 
this same year (16oT)in The Ortat Srtcrl/U* 
of the New jtflM»i 8th edition, by James By- 
mock, but is probably only quoted by him, 
either from this Primer or soma unlcnown 



PfilMERS AMD OFFICES! 91 1 

earlier source. The new tr. of " Stabat Slater " 
C" Under the world- redeeming rood"), is 
uotublo as occurring again in the succeeding 
Primer of 170(5, and later Office Books. 

5. Tbe Printer of 1706 demands somewhat 
closer attention. Its place of publication is 
not stated. In arrangement and contents it 
recalls (ho Antwerp series, net tfco London 
Pri/ner of l(iS7. The number of translations 
it coulains is a great advance on prcccdiag 
Prbnert. Net the Vesper hymns only but 
those for Matins and Lauds are translated in 
the series of hymns for the year; the Breviary 
hymns aro tnoielated entire, together with Ihe 
" Diefl Irae," and " Jesu dulcis memoria ; ** in 
all 120 pieces. Of these, tbe tr- of " Slhbat 
Mater" is from 1087. The "Dies Irae" 
{" Tho day of uratli, that dreadful day ") 
was first published in a tcit that varies bom 
tills, in Tate's OKxjdliiaea liacra (IG96, 2nd 
edition, 1G99), and was tlicre ascribed to Lord 
Hoscoinmon. The fr, of "Veni Creator" 
(" Creator Spirit, by whoso aid ") is Lrydea'g, 
So also is the if. of " Ut qnee,nt lasia" ("O 
sylvan Prophet "), tlie hymn for evensong on 
Bt John Baptist's Day ; and tbe tr. of the 
"Tc Donin^ ("Thee, goveniign Rod, our 
gralefnl accents praUo"); bobb of which were 
printed by Scott in his Life of Dryden, 1808. 
These two latter translations aro in metres 
that hail not occurred in previous Prime™. 
The (*■. " O sylvan Prophet," is one of 11 
pieces, chiefly representing the Sapphic ori- 

5inals, which preceding Frimer> had pJrcaya 
eult with awhrwardly, from an attempt to 
produce seme syllabic equivalent of the Latin. 
Tl:c ir. of the L< Tc Deum " is one of a series 
of B pieces in licruic metre. A third new 
metre (cm.) occurs in the (r. of "Ave maTia 
stella," and '' Jesu dulcis memoria," which 
is not fonnd in any Known Primer pre- 
viously, though there are two c.w. tr*. in 
Speed a Prittm Pieiie, which may oolong to 
some lost edition. A very full selection iroin 
this Prinirf is given in BIr. dby .Shipley's 
Aunm Sancton, lfiS4 : and it demands closer 
aublytia than the rc*t, because bcih Mr. W. T. 
Brooke s,nd Mr. Shipley claim a very largo 
proportion of these translations as the work 
of Diyden. Tbe special question of Dryden's 
authorship is dealt with under Eijim, John, 
but one or two general remarks may he best 
given here. 

T!i8 diim eriirydai will In greit nwimito depend on 
Dig «W«i«! of nnhy of hsnd. Tbe lutntil preBmnp- 
tbim iu tiift ikvctaI oucc«HTfl editions of to* 1'rimtrt la 
tint (tcli »iw srt ef translations Is by a Eingle li»d t 
iiiil Ln tht tstt of ite eilttim of 161S thlo is poiJtlvelj 
uoertcd ill tlie prelum. But ii it not alTViyi stft to 
tBtuwt it. Thos tbe plKOB lu Speed's l'riim Piftii 
m»y possibly in older turn tlift oilier fleets cutnliou d 
■■ifli Uiera in is*s. 1't* 'Venl StiKli.SplTllra!" It. of 
]5(s in mi Justine* cT a fluuftof »Wer oTite ropnjdiKtd 
(leislMjouf liter ones. Mor* wiunifly otbll mi^esim 
of c«Hiou 1n tbe&ttlbat tftis til, vf ''Stilttt Huer " turt 
"Dim Jiie,"fn (Lib nlition <n0*) had brth ipnttTEd 
befvix; U|B latter, imtwitliEtnUlliriS Mr. Shipley 8 fm- 
pSacliniGiit, Ixintf wlili little dollt* liy Lord BoBeomnun, 
It may lift added that tie free wey in Trbkn the tnns. 
Ut*M of tins rrimert rise np tbe linn and phraKior 
Ihclr vttAtttuars alionn tint tne idea or pllfiarlsni 
waa not a lealrafnins fo«:Q with tbQm. (Tne UAntJfMl 
tr. of "Jean dnlcia memoria " [- Jean, tno only UiOMEbt 
of Th» ") la a (talking toRuKo ot tbit - tt to own 
elmply l reproduction iu ex. of tbe Hue* and pbBHs 
*t the S-cylfable tr. ot 1S35.1 Burt l very rtiuity jnc- 
eumption or unity of baud itIm* oat of « flow atndy of 
the StfriattttitOi. liftrjo groupf of tbe Latin Qriirii;i!i 



912 PBIMEfiS AND OFFICES 

nay* an Identical Olitia t and. tait identity la fciftafully 
reproduced In the EngUeb Oldrau. Tbo Latin CHerw 
have aQnltlai with each otter, md these afaaltiea are 
wsstantly maintained Is Enaltob by repmdoetlAM of 
tbe nm« phriaea. Tbe English pioruil hurts also 
affinities of their own, mot ftnrad In tbe Latin. In etyli 
they are very like mm another; they are quite in 
keeping Id. tbair grandiose pbraatf wllb tbe bvmn» they 
cleat i and certain euiuuiudu iocui (e.g. the u» of 
K *fi«il"). The repetition of coDHun lluei. tie tHKht 
variatuuii of pbTMt accompanying large repetition, md 
other econosuea, ixe add. as a mm wouM naturally 
practise is tbe ni of his own material, and point Tery 
atrnagly 10 a common author. The number of pieces, 
which tbe fiterbu that bear dear family Ukeneaa touch, 
comprise* the great bulk of tbe book ; and link*, of 
varyina; stKngui, connect most at tbe remainder with 
them. 

The style, of the J>rfia*r of 1109 la by no menu 
always, aupetiur to tilt of IBS*. It Is often lag nETvana, 
too rhetorical and too florid. The translation* of i*6i-t 
bave cwwequently fantdned In at leial equal circulation 
with those daiing On latli omit. But as pieces oi devo- 
tional poetry, the trans UUoea of I?M aw oftan of great 
merit; and tbe hold bundling, tba biilEmlci of Uhgle 
Ifnea, and tbo frequent beauty of cadence, loot lat mora 
like the work of a peat coming fresh to tbe talk. than of 
a rontlne translator. 

■vi. Manual of Prayer*, and The Garden of 
the Semi. Two other devotional books for the 
laity, which passed through many editions, 
contain translations of the Latin hymns, viz, ; 
the JUoNtcal (/Prayers, and lie Garden o/fJif 
SoaJ; but perhaps In do instance tn they 
independent (m., but transcripts from the 
Primer* or English Offices current at the time 
of publication. An edition of Ifte Manual, 
circa 1596, has no hymns: perliaps the 
Pfittwr of 1599 was the fitst to introduce 
translations of the Latin hymns An edition 
of ISIS reprints 22 of tlie translations of the 
Primer of 1599. Another of 1668 by Henry 
HilLj reprints from the Primer of 1037. 
Another of 1689 reprints, sometimes revising, 
from Primer, of 1685-7. That of 1733 retaina 
tbe eeme Latin originals (26) at 169B, but 
adopts tte translations of the 1706 Primer, 
rbe same thing occurs in tlie ed, of 1790 
{Bhipley). 

Tlie hymns in tlie various editions of tbe ' 
Garden of the Sonl apparently follow the same 
law, taking their Latin translations fmm tbe 
current edition or tbe Primer, or in the latter 
part of the 13th cent, from the editions of 
Veapcra or The Divine OflLce, Tbi* fact is 
Important in itabBaringQDtl]oqn(.Btion of Dty- 
den'a authorship of the 1706 Primer. Under 
the impression that Up, Challoncr (who im- 
proved both the JUoneicrl and The Gardtn of 
tht SotU) selected hynma by Dryden for the 
editions of 1737 (Garden) and 1750 (Xamtal), 
Mr, Shipley has adduced theae editions as 
proofs of Dryden's authorahip. Bat all that 
Bp. Ghalloser did, sappesing there ftte editions 
which he superintended, -was to substitute the 
newest fr», Kir the prevlona ones. Tbia, in the 
case of the Mamml, had been done Hfl early as 
1733, Dryden'i authorship did not determine 
the choice, and is not attested by it. 

vii, Conaixsion. Ths neeiisofthe laity, which 
were supplied la the 17th cent, by the Primers 
and The Manual, produced in the Igth IMH6- 
latious of the Vesper Office, of the entire Bre- 
trarjf, and of the Nt$4al. But they do not 
aoppty many freah translations of the Latin 
hymns. Tlie eds, of the Prinwra of lf385, 1 687, 
and 170fi> are drawn on In equal proporUons. 
Sometimes tbe 1706 in one edition of the 



PBIJIO DIBBTJM OMNIUM 

Evening Offlee wilt make way lor the 1097 
tianslatioris in the next. Sometimes stanzas 
from 1706 are- mixed with stanzas of 16S5 
CEii, will be found in the pieces from the 
Evening Ojfict of 1710 in the Anma Sonet**). 
Sometimes linea and phrases are freely used: 
up in re-manufactured translations (see Evenr 
ino OJttt of 1700); prose translations Are 
substituted for metre; and toe old pieces are 
revised. A few new translations are found 
(e. g. in the ijwninj Oftiee of 1748, and in 
the Jfivim Office, 4 voTsl, 1703, which re- 
quires tianslattAnS ct the entire Breviary}. 
The Missals do not suppty much material; 
the Latin hymns are sometimes only printed 
in tbe original fa. g, in MUmt for tie Laito, 
1808). IH. L. B.1 

Frunitiiirs Methodist HyUmody. 
[Xe&odllt Hyauwdy, % It.J 

l*iimo DaUB ooell glooum. The Fe«er- 
atie Aide. [The CreaMon,] A poem or 112 
lines, given by Morte, No. 1, from a us. of the 
beginning of the 9th cent, now at Darm- 
stadt, and written in an Irish hand. The title 
in Mone is « A hymn of the blessed Bede tiie 
priest on the work of the sis days nt the be- 
ginning, and on the six Bgea of the world." 
Also in Thomatiue, it p. i$9 : Nigitt, vol. 34, 
p. 621, Ac So nit as we can ascertain the full 
hymn has not been fr. into English; but a 
eento therefrom, beginning with line OS, 
" Post fnota eel** conditoT, was tr, as " God 
ended all the world's array," hy J. JI. Keale r 
and given in the Hymnal N. t 185L This was 
repeated, abridged, and beginning, "Cliriat's 
servants while they dwell below," in Skinner's 
Uaiiy Service flyf., 1864- [W. A. S.j 

Primo diemm onmiurri. Si, Gfregory 
the Great [Sxnday. jUVrnfjuj.J This is one 
of the eight hymns which tie Ifenediotino 
editors assign to St Gregory (Opera, Paris, 
1705, iii. col. 87S). JHone gives it as No. 271, 
In 8 st. of i L, and at i. p. 372, eites it ua in a 
us. of tho 8th cent aX Trier. Daniel gives tlie 
text in 8 at of 4 1., at i., No. 145, and at iv. 
p. 33, cites it oe in a IOUi cent Rheinau vs. 
Among the British Museum use. it is found 
in three llth coat. Hymuarien of the English 
Church (Vesp. D. iii. f. 3 ; Jul, A. vi. f. 10; 
Hail. 2901, f. 2 IS), in an llth Cent. Mozarabio 
Hymnarium (Add. 3US51, f. 172 h.), an llth 
wnt Nozttrabfo Breviary (Add. 30843, f, 67) f 
&e. It is in a us. of the llth cent, at Corpus 
Cariati, Cambridge (301, page 227) ; in three 
wss. of the llth cent at St Gall, Nos. 387, 
413, 414 ; and in tlie Ltd. Hy*. of the Antflc- 
Saxoa Ch. (Surteesi Society), 1851, is printed 
from an 1 lth cent. mb. at Durham (B. iii 32, 
f. 2 b.) In the Roman Breviary. 163^, it was 
recast, beginning, " Primo die quo Trinitas." 

Tbe orijrl 1 ^! tonn.la included in the older Roman. 
(Venice, lila) inm, Atitrdssn, Pari* of 1HX aod 
otber Breularia. In the York Brtv., 1113, ft it In two 
parte, part il. beginning i»Uh 8t, t. t " Jnm niuuPatcnia 
ciaritaa." Ita unli^rul n*e waa on SonAojt at jvce- 
(ttrvt or Matint ; wnnet tmss tbivngliout the year or el« 
[torn the Octave of the Epipbany to Lent, ami tl*o fiom 
the Sonflay seareet to Ibe Kskinln of October up to 
AdPonl, Xhe Original (o^t la atu found hi Wa&cer* 
naffti, 1., No, S9, tbe j^ri"»«H^i"a SorOiJ., 18S1, p. 31. 
Tito teit or the JLrman BrtVi 1039. Je In recant ails, of 
that -Bran., and also In Dnnid, 1., No. 140, KBnipfdd, 
Lp.lt, mi ChW. Newman's Bvmni s^laiat, 1B33 
and WW. fj. M.] 



FROBTJB 

Bath lexis of thla hymn bare been tr, into 
English as follows: — 

i. Prima digram *qui™»> The tr*. of this 
l^xt are : — 

1. Om tiii tho day Hut imr tbt «v<k By J. 
M. Neale, in the Hynvnal A',, 18o2. In Murray's 
Xfyuinof, 1S52, it irm altvted tn " Ob this bleat 
day wlusn Hist th« light." This form of the tr, 
passed into other collection!, as also has the 
original translation. 

S. Ob chia the day when daya btgan. By J. 
Elkrton, m»d9 for and lit pnb, in the B. P. C. K. 
CAtircA -Hys, 1871. 

Othir tea. am; — 

1, This 1a the day when Brat or all, JZjjmnar&uA 
AHgKeatMMft. 1H4, 

a. Hitl ] primal day, of days the nrst, w. J. DltK. 

1SE3-HE. 

3. Plrrt day of days! wherein were made. J, D. 

4. First day of days rthereln arrayed. J\i>.CVLflB!&-7-f. 
IBM. 

*. On Ibis Aral day, when earth aurads forth. J. *', 
jBiort!, itsss. 

5. nils glorious mom, lime's eldest bom, Wherein 
wftS. to), /. Add*. 1*M. Bossd on Oupektnil'a tr. 
from the .Horn. fn>. [8« helow. ) 

J. Welcome! tliou cliiatrst oroll <laye. If. T, Jftrjos. 

mi. 

0. Mm* U* otto Trinitw, Tho tn, of this 
teit an : — 

1. This day the gtorieni Trinity. By E. Css- 
wall, is his ijfrn OuitoVea, lata, p. 3, and 
again in bis ffyt. #■ PoenJ, 1873, p. 3. In a 
few collections it is given without any change 
in the text, bnt in the Hyntnarg, 187S, where it 
begins, "This day the Biemd Trinity," the 
alterations are Tery numerous 

Other tra, are :-~ 

1. 11k happy day will soon disclose. IVnaer, Hoe. 

X. On tula diet day when heaven and earth. Jto, jj. 
Jftnu. 1881. 

3. ThiH gldT|rnH morn, time's rtjttrt-bcm, When God, 
fcc, w, ,£ CpjwMwJ, iB*a. (Bee also j, A*Ne, above.) 

+, Bleat men, whan earth's Creator spoke. X. Casp- 
tdl. IBM, 

S. This day when the eternal Tare*. /. TaUcM. 
1sM. 

& To-day tie nleased Three tn One, raid. iVnman, 
V&t and. I«W. [J, J,] 

Probus, a. not* rfo pftHne of W. Bhrubsole, 
jus., in {be CArtVitm Oftsereer, 1813. 

Procter, Adelaide Anne, daughter of 
Bryan Waller Procter (Barry ConutaU), wu 
b. id Bedford Square, Tsaadion, Oct SO, 1835. 
In 1851 she entered the Soman communion, 
and <i. in Load™, Feb. 2, ISO*-. Mies Procter 
displayed more thou Usual intellectual powers 
at »n early ajp. In letter years she was 
■killed in music and languages, Her poetical 
gifts have been widely appreciated. Her 
Legends and Lyrics, A. Boot of Vent, w»s pub. 
in 1858. Of this *m eralnigcd edition was 
pub. in 1863. Her hymns in C. U. from these 
two editions an : — 

1. 1 to not ut, Jiari, that Ufa may In, Jfci&M. 
tSm. In her uuxli, tc.. issa. It is ose uf loe most 
wJdalT oaed of Miss pM«t«r'ii h^nns, 

t. I tha*k. thaa, by Ond, 'Who aab, UteniWW- 
n«f. In her LcgtaiU, fe., 18H, p, SOT. «n « St. 'T6 I. 
Li pereral collections, tcdudini the H. Qiwis,. It b«in 
In an olteced ftjnn, -My God, I thsoi Tb«, Who Exit 
made: "and irnJUnn "Our fled, we thank Tbee, Who 
hot uwk," Bp. BlckemiteUi In his note on thti hrmn 
in tbo Jr. (imp.. JM*. imyi. '* This mo* beautiful aynin 
by A. A. Procter (ISM), loiwhas the chord of tbtntfill- 
n*u in trtil, u defJuh i»otb«rhytiuidoea, andiatfaiH 
moat ostfol far the vudtatloq of tbt ridr." 

0, Qbs by oat the nnUm an pama; CSowiaffl- Tit 



PROMITTIS, ET SEBVAS DATAM 915 

Unit of £(/r. In her Legtndt, be., 1*58; [i. 10, In 8 it 
o(4L 

*, lUw, for the day ii rtnlif, Redeem iir Timt. 
in hw iJtffemit. it, Ifws, BometTmeB (Ivm ait " Arite, 
tar Out day Is jisehif," ft in Jftiy iSShj, 1*«9. 

I, Strln ; ytt I do not proraiia, Strixt, Watt, Prag. 
Ill her Jrf</™4j, 4r., 1S5*. n. 103, In 3 el. (n"S 1. 

6. Tai way ii long and diury, ti\ft a PUgrinao!. 
In her Ltgtndi, &c, 1419, p. lit, hi 3 e*. of b ], and a 
relnia. 

7, Theahadowa efthefmnlnr hnira. Iteming. In 
ber Ixaetidt, Ac, 18*?. 

1. W* aik far psane, Lord. f»a« tnifa f7od. Jq 
hrtiipnal., tc, ia{S,p iH. in * stoff], [J, J,j 

Promevocem,menB 1 aanoraEi. Claud* 
de SaiiteSH. [The Fire Wounds of Chritt, or, 
Po«<ionitd«.] This livnin appeftrwi in the 
Port* DrerutTHi ,1080: C^Bft/atf Breviary, 1A8S, 
p. ili, and again in the Paria 3rsviarg, 1766, 
and later French Breviaries, and is giviU in 
the Office of the Five Wounds of Christ. Tho 
text is also in J". Chandler's Hgs, of the 
Primitive ChiiTcli, 1S87, Ne. C7, und Card. 
Newmsji's Hymni Eeetetiae, 183£ and 18fi5. 
Tr. as:— 

1. Now, my ml thy iniDft bpnuawa;, Bwf 
aloud, fcj. By .1. Chandler, in his liyt. of tit 
Prim, Church, 1337, p. 75, and again ia Ilia Hyi. 
of th* Chirctt, 1841, N T o. 41, in 8.7.&.T.+.7. 
It ia found unaltered in a few collections, and 
a!io altered nn (1) "Now, my soul, thy roico 
n limiting-, Stag the Cross," 4c, in 8.7.8.7.4.7. 
in Murray's Jfj/smal, 1DJj2. This mm ropoated 
in other collections. In the Saruiu, 18SU, It 
it as altered to 5 et. of 6" 1. in 8,7 metre, (2) 
" Sing we now, our voice npriiieing," ia £en»cdg, 
16C3, is tiie same text aa Samm with alight 
Yftriitions. 

t. Slew and aimmful be oar ton*. By E. 
Campbell, in his //y*. <fnrf j4dW«itS, 1850, and a 
few collections of a later date. 

8, Bow, my pooJ, thy Toiee npraiatot. Tall ia 
sweet, •». By Sir M. \f. Baiter, 'ihis tr. ia 
based upon the abt>Tu by J. Chandler, no are 
speeislly in th* (irtt end Inst shnmet. It is id 
6 sts. of 8.7, Its first appsarence was In the 
trial Copy of H, A. a/ Jf., 18S&, And then in the 
1 at ed., 1861. It ia In several hymn-books, and 
■ometimes with slight Alterations, 

1. Lift, mj aonl, thy tmjo Lamoakini. This 
Was given in Mercer's CKttrah P*. ^ //. 5*., 
Oxford ed., lead, No. ISO, and U prohahly by 
the Editor, 

S. Wow, my awl, thy Toiee npraiain(, flint •» 
■waet, fte. This cento in the Hymnary, 1872, 
N*o. £43, in 6 eta, 0±" 8^7. tnetre, is somewhat 
pecnlinTly constmcted. 8t. i. is by Chandler 
and the feditorn; ii. is by Sir H. W. Baker and 
the Editors ; Mi. fi by Chandler and the Editors; 
it. is by Sir E. W. Baker and the Editors ; and 
v. ii by the Editor* alone. The result jj got 
good, 

OUwr eh. in : — 

]. J>rcin out, aid heart, thy melody. /, Wfllwmt. 
1S». 

1, &hiL, dnw forth thy vein, dsep-smiTidlnr. W. J. 
BifK. 16il-(4. 

J. O my aonl J thy Itnentatlon. f, P, CUnmbtrt. 
1«*T. [J. J.] 

Promittld, et BerreiB datam. C. Origin. 

[Wedtit*dQij.'\ This ia tho hymn On WedDeS- 
da>y at Lands in the Pan's Breviary, 173fi, It 
is also in O. Coffln'i Xt/mi «!#*/, I736j». 20 ; 
J. ChundlerV Syt. of the Primitive Church, 
1887, No. 24 ; and Card. Newman's flpmsni 
£bcfo#ios, 18SS aid J865, IV, as !— 



914 



PROSE 



1, A fsltbful promise Tlion bast matte, J. fSMnd'tr, 

Z. Thy promise, ]>ord, 1b out huto 8117. I. Withflffl*. 
ISM. 

3. Tbou. Lord, dust promises firm iin! Hire. J. A 
r.'hrafon. 136T. 

i. Thy trutli. O G*I, stmsiU (i™ in Lbuv*vl. a r. 
JfcFBan. 1MO. [J, J.] 

Prose. A synouyni tax Btqumc* (q^.v.), re- 
ferring to the character of the composition, 
wMlo * seojienee * refcra to tho puiiion in the 
service. A Prow, was originally in prose of ft 
rhythmical character, but n<it in strict metre, 
while the word SwpiefKtf WW used when (lie 
JV0B5 assumed tho form of a metrical Hymn. 
But ft single quotation from a mediioval writer 
will suffice to show that the two words were 
used indifferently, anfi at tho *nme time tells 
us on what f&atiil days Promt or 8sqitoiees were 
appointed to bo sung in tho Mtmil of the 
OUioitifl Order. 

" Croat, vcl quod jilii ^[lBcitE.iiii Twant, non tsuitntdr 
nisi in qiiiUidr ftjtls rirmclpjlllJUR, tn Kplrvhinia, in 
AK>-tfKnn» Domini, id imnuuliuni! a IseneillctL, Kin 
Nntivitnts S. M&urlii!."— Mfcilirfcm (fct *!«&]. Contuel. 

Tin; &quGiice3 or Hymns sung iu procesBiou 
before High Mass ami at otlior times were 
usually tonned J'tosm in the medieval Office 
Books of the English Ohm ch, (Snntw Prtwet- 
nionrtl, cd. by Dr. W. Or. Henderson, 18S2, 
pp. 13, 20, 93, 124, 1S1. York Froaetirioiiiil, 
also cd. by Dr. Henderson, Sarttxt Soc-., vol, 
S3, 1S75.) [i 1 . E. W.] 

Tlpdjeyc oupavE /cat \a\tjtno. St. 
Andrew of Crete. [JWdtttyhf.] St. Andrew's 
Midnight hymn commonly known as ri 4ti(- 
tciTvur, from hlfl works, and given iu Daniels 
lit. p. 48, ia 4 at. of 4 1. It lit tr, by Dr. Honor 
in his Hy*. of Faith and Hove, i!ni Series, 
3S61, aa, " Attend, yo heavens,* in 4 at of 6 L 
[See p. 87, 1., and 4B3, ii.] [J. J.] 

Proteatant Methodist Hymnody. 
pTethcdltt Hjmniij, $ V-] 

Tlpa>To<; v&ftov evpoftav, SyHctiit*, 
Bp. of Ptalematt, [Chrittma* .* Epiphany.^ 
A Christmas and Epiphany hymn, being No, 
vii. of flic ten hymns which lie wrote during 
fariona periods of his life. 'J'lio full Crrcufc 
text, dating 375-430, is given in the Anth. 
Graces Carm. Christ., 1871, p. 5?0, in 43 linta. 
Prom this Mr. Chatfleld made his tr., "I flrat 
invented in Thy praise," iini pub, tho samo 
in his Songs asd Bgtnns, 4c, 1876, p. 78, in 
50 lines. A. Stevenson's tr. in his TV11 ^fyi. 
0/ 5u»e«tus, &6. t 1865, U " JtipiUd of Solynia I 
God^ Son." [arttk HjsmodT, § v.J [J. J,} 

FmdentinB) A-nreline Clemene, with 
the occaaignul prcfls of MaiTcUB (cf, Miane, 
vol. lii. p. 593, and BregseZ, p, ii 11), ia tho 
uwno of the most nroitiiiiuut abd most prolific 
Rather of sacred Latin poetry in its earliest 
days. Of the writer himself we know nothing 1 , 
01 next to nothing, beyond what bo has him- 
self bald miiii short introduction in verso to 
his works, from that source wo learn that ho 
wag a Spaniard, of jr»od family evidently, wad 
that he was b. a.d. JHB aomeswhere in the north 
of Spain, either at Saragosea, Tarragona, or 
OaUvhorm, but at which is left tnlceliain, by 
hia applying the same expression to a,U, which 
if applied only to me would have fixed bis 



l'RUDENTUJS, AUEEL1US C. 

place of birth. After receivinc; a good educa- 
tion befitting hia social status lis applied him- 
self for eoino years to pr(ictisin» as a pleader 
111 the local courts of low, until he received 
promotion to a judgeship in two cities suc- 
cessively: — 

" I3is lepun lUuJcrjiuiiK 
Fmuxs nulHlLnm ratilhtw urlJuui 
Jus cCviie Umii^ TCdNlidiiRDB, tcmiiziiu^ r^vs; IF 
and afterwatiSs to a post of still higher autho- 
rity : 

" TVimlfm mllki* 1 nraJu 
Etetliiin ivLetiis [irtnetnts exlulil," 

Arohbp. Trench considers this Jnet to liflVO 
boon " & high military appointment at court," 
and such the poet's own words wouhl eeiia 
to describe ; tut it niny well be doubted 
whether a civilian and a. lawyer would be 
eligible for such employ ment; in which ease 
we nifty iidept the solution of the difficulty 
offered in the Prolegomena to our author'a 
worka (Migst-, yo\, lix, p, (XII) :— 

" £«ccitlS inje wt Jil BnpMiorem in]Htlft. k Rrailiim, n[m|- 
nua tllLiltUefii^fis, pv }{ittMK, nut pra?siilJB]ifl,nDiifre^i'f#p, 
tastremit, mat whvrtalit ; nrai 11 <]<ii oHlciiB jvrr mhj. 
siilturani URCSIdom, KCturuiB *l gmiiHum fnogaDlui. 
vulgn Jnciji. Tlifofl. wiiiitare rt fld tvperiortt aUUiat 
arcexderc ilicmtlvr" 

It was nftor this longtheLed experience nt a 
couBparatively early age of positions of trust 
and power tliat Prntleiitiua, oo»»cie]ice-Kin]tlun 
on ncconnt of tlie follies and worldlinens th;it 
hail mnrhdl hu ycuili mid curlier manhunt, 
determined to throw up all his secular em- 
ployments, tmd devote the remainder of his 
life tn advancing the interests of Christ's 
Church by tlje potter of his pen rattier than 
that of his purse and personal position. Ac- 
cordingly wo find that he retired in his 57th 
year in In ]>overty an 3 private life, and began 
lliut reruurkfilile «uccousioii of sacred poems 
upon wliich his fame now entirely rests. We 
hftve no rOsiSOfi hovfevor to regard him as 
another S>t. Augustine, rescued from the 
" wretchednCBa cf Inoet unclean living 7 ' by 
this High 6 from the temptations (Hid 6n^r<i=a- 
ing; cares of ofncinl life into tho calm seclusion 
of a wholly devotional leisure. He had jtro- 
bdbly intlier Icamt from Eiid experience the 
emptiness and Vanity for an immortal soul of 
the surroundings of even the high places of 
this world. A« he himaelf expresses it : — 

" Xniuquld tulip [pn;i4tn.int 
Clinic nout clidUim vcl boDfl d ^1 nuTp, 
Cum Jam, qnfcqniilileit, <jvat\ fusrtm.mcre nbolcvcrtlP" 

and sought, at the cost of all that the WOTld 
holds dear, thoee good things which God hath 
prepared for them that love Him. Beyond the 
fact cf his retirement from the world in this 
way, and I he fruiis which it produced in tho 
sli&pe of hia voluminous contributions to 
sacred poetry, we have no further information 
about cur author. To judge from tlie amount 
he wrote, hie life must have been extended 
many years after he began his new career, 
but how long his life was or where he d. we 
are not told. Probably be d, oV™ 4 Id. Hid 
works are : — 

fl) I.ibcr CailimitrinGn. "Christian 1)a-y, be we imt 
*til ft"{fr. S. iilf^, "CliaritSra in European ^810™,'" 
\Ml. i. p. me). 

'!) lAlitr PeriltepbatWD. " Martyii' OarliBdo " (tLJ, 
3) ApuHiestis. A work on tbs Divine Kiuifs r or tba 

llkaltbn uf iruaian Nature In Chriat. 

(A.) HtHruD'lkjmil. A trtatil*? on tbe Origin of tin, 
itttcyti ifjslost the UAiduqlu* 



PKUDENTIUS, AUHELIUS 0. 

(4 J n^cAdHndlids+v^ui^ut, tx "The Spiritual 

(4) J,f in^ cm* rtro ^nmui£Aunt p A, controversial vort 
IKilOBt (lie TWtCttUon la (lie Bensta Ho™e nt fount or 
the sltar of Vletorj wbkli Gratlun bgd removed, Brm- 
nudiua hid petitkme*! Vaieutanan JI- tx its nsmmu™ 
III SW, bttt iil« ladlKEK of St, Amup™ ]i»tl prevailed 
igilaat h!m at tbtt time. In BS the al(« viss restartd, 
hfllItD101Td(««lpti.vT1l«";kiii|llsiii;ii, After tbe deiti 
of the LMtcr Hie tflfimjit lo festcirc it vu received by 
ArCfKllUtf ^n4 Ifc>ucirlP4. *m| ft w|ib * e that tdnia tLiit I^ru- 
4entWlf! vr^4 Wh nist tntil;. Toe. uec^od (for there an 
two) w*h written in dflt. foffuti considers that tba fudl 
amy itulc Id 555. 

(T) TheiJfHookjiKw^llieJiniWefsuflcirilonbleTeaB, 
tnsnt, ta a, u-ord* oollecllvn of +fl set* of four v«w« eaci, 
oo Old £ul Mew Tsettuwal wxnu. 

Of these different work* the most important 
are the nr>t two, and ik is fruni tlicm that the 
Liturgical hymns enumerated below have been 
chiefly compiled. The general diameter of 
Fi'udeiitms'H writings it is Hot easy fairly to 
estimate, and to judge by the win Jesale lauda- 
tion be obtuiiii ironi some of Jiia critics, and 
the equally unsparing censure or others, his 
judges have so found it. Iti venturing upon 
any opinion upon such a. subject, the rcadeT 
must near iu mind tho peculiar position in 
which the period at which lie twos writing 
found the poet, The poirtry fjf classical 
Bo mo in all it* ewet beneily of fonn had long 
pngECd it? meridian, and was being replace"! 
by a stylo which was yet in its infancy, but 
wliiihburatfort.il into new life flild beauty jtl 
the hands of the Mediaeval liymnologists. 
Prudetttius wrote btfore rhyming Latin verse 
was t bought of. but after attention bad craved 
to be given to quantities. Under &nch circum- 
stances it were vain to look for very finished 
wotk from him, and such certainly wo do not 
find. But amidst a good deal of what one must 
confess is tasteless verbiage or clumsy rhetori- 
cal ornament — however varicft the metres he 
employe, numbering some 17 — there are also 
poBsitgEB to be found, not un frequently, of 
dramalie vigour and noble expression, which 
may well hold their own with the mere musical 
utterances of a later date. He writes as a 
man intensely in earnest, and we hiay gathor 
much from lug writings concerning tho points 
of conduct which were deemed the most im- 
portant in Christian lifjng; at a time when 
a great portion of mankind were still the 
victims or slaves of a morality which, heathen 
at the best, was lowered and corrupted the 
more as the universality of its influence Was 
mom and more tUC«*Bfulij challenged by 
the spread of tho Gospel of Christ. If, there- 
fore, wo can soturtely jro as far in our author's 
praise ns Baffft-^nmch given to hvrieh eom- 
mendation ~ who describes him as "Poeta 
eximtus eritdttissinjue et snncrJssininB seiiptor; 
nemo dt?inius no Tebns Clnistiabls uaqunm 
scripeit"; or tiaSentUg — not given to pntise — 
who calls him the " Hornec and Vifgll of the 
ChtistiatlS," we shall be na loath, considering 
under whnt circamnlanc*s he wrote, to carp 
at his stylo as not being formed on the best 
ancient models bnt QB confessedly impure; 
feeling with Archbishop Trench that it is his 
merit that " whether oonecdoiisly or unoon- 
scions1y r he acted on the principle that the 
new life claimed new forms in which to mani- 
fest itself; that he did not shrink from help in j; 
forward that great transformation of the Latin 
language, which it needed to undergo, now 



PBYS, EDMUND 



Did 



j that it should be the vehicle of truths which. 
WCTO al together novel to it," (Side. Xa(, P<w(rj, 
1874, p. 121.) 

The reader will find so exhaustive an ac- 
count of the various writings of Prudent ius 
in the account given of him and them in 
Smith and Waco's Pitt- of C*fi**t(Ui £io- 
ijrnyftj, and Smith's Dint, of Greek ami Siyman 
Biography, that it is only neceeary in this 
work to refer very briefly to them ss abeve. 
Thepot-ms have been can stonily reprinted and 
re-tdited, till the editor who produced the best 
edition we have of them, Albert Drcssel (Leip* 
sic, 1S00J, is able to sny that his is the sixty- 
third. 

1 he use made at Prudentins's poems in the 
ancient IlreTinries and Uymnaties was rtry 
utantive. In tl c )i>roi of centos alaiiai* nnd 
lines wi re compiled and used as hvtaui; and 
it is mainly from these centos, and nut from 
the original poems, that the tmrslfttioiitt inlo 
Ku^Iisli were mode. Dasiet, )., Nos. 103-1 liS, 
gives 13 genuine hyimis as 1 wring heen 
in uso for "Morning,'^ "ClirittiDos," " Epi- 
j hsny," *> Lent," " Entter," ^Trnjif figuration," 
" Bnrial," &c, in tfro older Bieviaiics. A 
refei'ence to the artielo i»tin, irt. frrm tl*, 
p. 8S*. £., will show that almost as many n.ore 
wliicli were used in UVc rasuner hfrvc been 
translated into English. 'When to tbse are 
added tlio hymna which are annotated in this 
Diclionaiy under their respective flret lines 
(&ee Index al Aatbon n.i Tnm«lat«i), and 
those which 1 avc not been translated Into 
Englith, we Krtlise the position and power of 
Prudentius in the hymnody of the Church.* 

[D. 8. W.] 

Pryime, George Bundle, ma., 9, of John 
Allen Prynne, was b. at West Looe, Cornwall, 
Aug. 23, 1818, aid educated at St. Catherine's 
College, Cambridge, d.a., 1 83& ; Ji.a. 1 861. Ho 
took Jdoly Orders in 1841, nnd became Vicar 
of St. Peter's, Plymouth, in IMS. He has 
pub- Parochial Sernxmt, 1846; Plain Parochial 
SermBM, 185* ; another series, 1676 ; The By- 
i-nff Solditr't Yhtonh and Othtr i'ww* and 
Hym-at, 1881, tee. He also pub. Iltjmnal 
mited for thcSzrvittt of the Church, 1858, 
His most popular hymn is " Jesn, meet and 
gentle,' 1 p. fsl, it Hin hymns " Tho day is 
done ; O God the Son " (Evening') ; end *' Thy 
glory fills the heavens" (Th» Glory of lite 
Father), have also been included in a few 
collections. He d. Mar. 25, 1303. [J. J.J 

Prya, Edmund, Prys or Price, a learned 
Welsh divine wild eminent poet, was b. about 
1M1 in the parish of Llondecrtyn, Merioneth- 
shire, and educated at St, John's College, 
Cambridge, where he took his degree of M.A. 
He was appointed AreLekaejon of Merioneth 
in 1576, and Canon of St. Asaph iu 1603. He 
was one of the best Welsh, poets of his time, 
and a great many of his compositions are pre- 
served, mostly in manuscript- He is the 
author of the Welsh metrical version of the 
PsaVms> which is still in use. He assisted 

* Th6 eu]l«at tnA tt«t Kf . of ?rudstitliis ta one la til* 
BfbllouiMiiui HstkAAit, Jirls (Lot. ffl)M>, wtlucn 
sbout the eai of (be Eth cfnt- Tie Prtndptl LllinrLut, 
M. Leopold Dellik, Tins slnfll^ npplM reftrtpew ta 
tlili jib. In tt>e emt «( tbo>« poems frt>m whlot cwtiWi 
mart laC.U. In English, have Ken Itken- 



916 PSALTERS, ENGLISH 

.Dr. Morgan, Bishop of St. Asaph, to translate 
the Bible into Welsh. The latest of his com- 
petitions, preserved, i« ft CO|)y of elegant Latin 
verses in commendation of Br. John Davies's 
Welsh Grammar. Ho was then 80 years of 
ago, This Latin copy bears the date of 1621. 
He d. in 16H, Mid was buried at Maentwrog 
Chnrch. [See mbl Hjrmaody,] (W. G. T,] 
Psalters, American. [Ameriom Hjrm. 

Faaltarsv EngHeli. 1. 7ii(™JucWoii. A 
glance at the long list appended to -this article 
will apprize many for the Hist time of the 
enormous number of efforts made to versify 
the Psalms. Among the anthers will he found 
Queen Elizabeth, Lord Baton, Fairfax, and 
many of out poets and theologians. The 
Pbalter has beeu subjected 1o a great variety 
of experiments. Literal translation, para- 
phrase, evangelical expansion, tlie develop- 
ment of portions as themes, liave been succes- 
sively attempted. The change of metrical and 
poetical expression is reilectcd In the bistOTy, 
Ip the Puritan period tJie reraiftcatitHi of tie 
Psalms even touches the JiLfitory of the nation, 
But notwithstanding all this, partly from ex- 
treme reverence for the letter of Holy Writ, 
partly from the fact that the bulk of Hie trans- 
Liters were hampered by tho sccoiidnry object 
of turning the Psalter into a hymnal, and meet 
of all from ttie impossibility of representing 
Hebrew parallelism in English metres, no 
Version approaches in merit such translations 
as Lord Derby's Homer or Conin^ton's Virgil. 
With but few exceptions the succeeding pages 
are a comparison of mediocrities. 
II. Curious sxttmpki. 

Some experiments ore very eccentric, such 
asJMvt*fln)-Fraaiuje , glieiumcterflflS8l),J > ffts'« 
lyrics without rhyme (1751), Wheatland and 
Hj!*e*f*l'« heroics (1754), Dennis's blank verse 
(1808). The Strangest is Pealterium AiiHtri- 
catmm by Cotton Mather (17 IB), printed like 
prose, but in reality simply the Authorized Ver- 
sion thrown into uurhymei o.H. for singing. 
III. Pre-Riformation Psalters. 

Metrical Psalters existed in England at a very 
early date. Bp, Aldhelm of Sherborne (dfed 
a.d. 709) is said 1c have composed one (Bede) ; 
and Archdeacon Churton (see Preface to the 
Cleveland Ptttltdr) SSCribes to him the Anglo- 
Saxon Version edited by Thorpe (JS3S). 
Thorpe himself, however, assigns it to a later 
date. A Latin Psalter, with interlinear Anglo- 
Saxon gloss, and a translation into Middle 
English has been published by tho Surtets 
Society. T. Brampton's Seven Feuilential 
Psalms (liU) have been printed by the 
Percy Society ; and Holland (Ptalmik* of 
Britain, 1842) mentions a translation of St. 
Jerome's G&Rican Psalter into English of the 
date of Honry II. or Richard 1. 

IY. Importance of Psalm-tinoinQ at the 
Reformation. 

The practice of versifying the: Psalms 
assumed a iiirgei- significance among the 
Reformers. The Psalm Versions of Luther 
and Justus Jonas, eqpnbined with tlieii 
translations of the Latin Hymns and their 
original cmnpoaitions, stirred the heart of 
Germany : the Psalms of M&rot became the 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 

badge of the French Huguenot in court and 
camp ; and, completed by lfcza, became tho 
sole hymnal of Geneva ; while in England and 
Scotland, following the Genevan precede tit, 
the metrical P&ahu4 alone wore lotig exclu- 
sively used in public worship. Uuneeurated by 
the long tradition of the Church in their Latin 
form, sot at first to ballad tunes anil then to 
special music of their own by I he leaders nf tho 
Reformation, the Psalms became endeared to 
the people, not merely by their sublimity, their 
Htssianic import, and their wide interpreta- 
tion of human emotions, but specially by their 
living trust in God as a hiding pluce in peril, 
atid even by their terrible denunciations of His 
onemics. They seemed, in the wonder groused 
by a new-found Bible, the supreme, divinely 
ordained vehicle of human praise; and the 
metrical form was at the same time a neces- 
sity for singing, and, according to the ideas 
of that day concerning the structure of 
Hebrew poetry, was accounted a truer repre- 
sentative of the original than prose. This 
hist point is argued, with references to 
Hebrew treatises of that day, in (lie Preface 
to the Emjlieh Psalter, published at Geneva 
in 1550 (see p. M?, 1J.), a revised cd, of Stern- 
hold's 37 Psalms, and 7 by Hopkins, to which 
7 fresh ones are added by Whittinghem. 

V. (lennan influence on GatpelUrt. 

The introduction of Psalm-singing into 
England probably sprang from the intercourse 
of the Gospellers with Luther and Melanch- 
ihon, end their familiarity with their writings, 
Three of these fathers of the Reformation, 
Wisdom, Seeon, and Goverdaie, have left us 
Psalm versions bearing a strong family likeness. 
Those of Wisdom and Beeen were incorporated 
in Sternliold and Hopkim [see Old Tutisa] 
and may possibly be the oldest pieces in 
thut book, though not found in tho earliest 
editions. Tim Goostlg Psaltmt by Mttet Cow- 
dah contains fifteen psalms, besides hymns 
and paraphrases (see EnjrJiVb Rjm^oty, Early, 
in., iv.). The German originals ft this hook 
have been carefully traced out by Mr. Means, 
All the Psalm versions, except Pss. 2, 133, 
1*6, and all the paraphrase* and hymns, ex- 
cept ttrO, hnVo been identified &4 Gorman. 
The metre of the unidenlificd Psslms, except 
the 132nd, is also German, and Ooverdale?fl 
*6th is in the same metre as Luther's " Ein 
Feste Burg." [For details see GchUj- Pulsus, 
Thfc] 

VI. MaUad Metres Of Edutartl VI* t reign. 

In the Act, which authorised the First 
Prayer Book of Edward vi. (1519), there was 
a proviso 

- Tint it L* tsvful ... In tburdies . . , clia-pel* «r 
oritorlei or other plius to use openly Any I'Sdlinf or 
prsysr Utcn out of tha Blljl* , . . not Idling or omitting 
thereby lie PFrvict or ttif p«rt tlltrtut ai«ition«d la 
the said book." 

It has been generally held, by Strype, Bur- 
net and others, that this proviso covered the 
legality of PEolm-singing (see § vni., where 
Psalaa and godly prayers are synonymous); 
aud some have thought that the partiality of 
the king for Sternhold's essays then published 
(see OW v«stvn, § rr.) dictated It, It is at 
least certain that several small attempts at 
versification of the Psslms appear at this 

period, among which may be mentioned Sir 



F8ALTEES, ENGLISH 

The*. Wyatt's Sww Femt&Uinl Ptalm (1649> 
The whole Psalter was also now versified by 
Robert Crowley, sometime Yicar of St Giles's, 
Cripplegate, in qn 4 and set to a harmonized 
chant (15*9). The German influence now 
ceasee, and the irregular metres of Wisdom 
sud Becon, which ure akin to some in the 
earl/ EogliiU Pritaert, giro way to the ballad 
measure of Chevy Cham, which from this 
time receives its consecration. Btenihokfs 
aim was to supplant the " amorous and obscene 
songs * ( Wood) of the court and people ; and 
he probably sang bis psalms to well-known 
ballad tunes. A disoueaiun of tie nature and 
character of bis work and that of his coadjutors, 
m represented in the Old Vertim of Sternhold 
and, Hopkins, la, however, too elaborate for 
this section of our wort II is fully treated 
elsewhere. [OU Yankn.j 

VII. Genevan Influence ok (Ad Marian ExAU*. 
The public uniting of psalms ceased of 
course under Mary. Bat the mo? ement gained 
new force and ne* ideas among tiie exiles. 
ParJier solaced himself by versifying the entire 
Psalter (Abtolvi Ptalterivm vertm* mttrite 
lingua vulgari, Parker's Diary, 1G57). At 
Geneva the psalms of Harot were part of 
the authorized service; and it is from this 
period that the metres, the tunes, and tlie 
structural features of tbe Genevan Psalter 
begin to affect that of England, and more 
largely, of Scotland. [For details see 014 

TenUn, § ill.] 

Till. Ptalxitiwing at (fce act.eadon of 
I&ixabeth. 
On the accession of Elizabeth notliing so 
touted the enthusiasm of the people as the 
practieo "brought from abroad by the exiles" 
of Billing Psalms ( Sttype ). They were 
sung at fit Paul's Cross after the Sermons of 
bishops ; Jewel speaks of blx thousand people 
as present on one occasion. Psalms were Ill- 
trod used at St Alttholin's and spread to otlier 
churches in London. The authorities not 
merely " connived " (Bej/lin) at the fashion, 
but encouraged it. 

Jewel, for instance, wbo ill one of tbe YisitOrti for 
tbe! executiun of tbe Queen'a Injunctions, EaYoiired it. 
The attLliide of Parker la abenn by a curiam set ot 
documeuta in Wllkinrt Concilia, Dts. ISSS. Certain men 
wd wm«i fwm London hail sung pgalnia in tbe 
Cathedral at Xittpr At f A.m.. digturhitig matins. On 
being prohibited by tlie-Deia and Chapter, tuey appealed 
to the 4jueen'a Vlaftora. Jewel and other*, who thereon 
reprimanded tba Dean and Chapter. Upon thiv tliC 
caM waa carried to Abp, Parker, wbo ratified the WHi- 
ten« or tlin Vititant, and b:ule the Cathedral unttujrlllf 8 
"(ttmltalideuffor" fcmgtrgstirmS tu "Sing or Bay tts 



giMv jurttytrt Ml /ortft dtfi< ptrmiuetl In ibis Church. 
uT England." Tba net or tlic word " godly prayers," 
tt equivalent to pMlnis, is curious, See ilw.yc, } VI, 



Permission to use psalm; publicly in wor- 
ship was implicitly granted l>y tlie 49th in- 
junction of Klirabeth (June 1S59), which is 
wider and yet more deflned thtui tiio proviso 
of 1549 ; guarding more carefully the Moru- 
iu« atid Evening 1'rftjer from iiiterfercnco, 
and yet at the sains timo withdrawiug the 
atiriiilation that the composition WsS to be 
taken out of Holy Scripture : — 

" For the camf^rtin^ iff ench aet dplipht in mnRlc h it 
may lje permitted Ibut In (lie iKelnnlng or eiiij of 
Cmuntoii Trnyer elUier at jiIonitTirr w Everifmr. Wif re 
may ne sunn an liymn or such like E«ii|r tv the prjiiHe 
of Alml^bty Ood Jn tlic beBt meiudy jituI mualc tbat 
piiy be deviaed^ hik^inE reopect that tlie sentence of titfi 
bynw iniy te BoikPiMKKl dad pe^«irc^i. , ■ 



PSALTSBS, EKQLISH 017 

IX. Jfendijriji^ bg Ahp. Parker, Sir Pkiiip 

Sidney, (Se 2)avtwn«, asji Speiwa-. 
Partial translations of Psalms at this period 
are very numeroua. Tbe two most notable com* 
plete versions are dealt with elsewhere. (See 
OU Vanrim and SetttUa Bjmiuij.) A third, 
entitled Tti« whole Ptalter, trntulated into 
English metre, tcith an argument rntj wMfttf 
fo weft jFniittt ■■ John Duy*, London, tr.n^ 
is only to be found in the great libraries 
[there is a perfect copy also at Lincoln 
Cathedral]. It is ths work of Ahp. Parker, 
allnded to above, written in exile: but the 
marked similarity of the book, in its intro- 
ductions, extracts from tlie FatJiera, and 
apparatus of appended Canticles, to the work 
of Sternhold and Hopkins makes it probable 
that these, and perhaps the metrical argu- 
ments at the head of each preim and tlie 
appended collects were added after 1562. It 
is composed with scholarly care, and, not only 
as a metrical version, but for the value of the 
collects, should be reprinted. Besides the 
three usual metres {c.it, l.h., s.h.) he makes 
use of stanzas of S'e, and ono or two curious 
measures; and he supplies a ilosology in 
each metre. Tito metrical Introduction 
"Ad Lectorepi," is a qunint apology for 
offering a new version. There are tight tunes 
to it by Tnlluj; one being 'ial lie's "Canon." 
His out. luu often a double rhyme fn the third 
line i and, even where this is not the case, the 
rhythm and stresses of th« measure arc entirely 
distinct from that of Stemhohi, and the feet 
sirictly regular, so as to facilltutt singing. An 
example of his unrhymed cm. may he seen in 
his tr. of «* Yeni Creator " (qv,), which is 
apparently simplv the text of Die flrot Prayer 
Book of £dw. vitb, 1349, regulated iato nnl- 
form feet. The authorship of thi* book is 
gi?en in Bn, BatJow's eopy to John Keeper of 
the Cathedral of Wells. But Parker's author- 
ship is established by external and internal 
evidence. In Bp. Kennet'seopyitis said that 
the A rob bis] top permitted Margaret, bia wife, to 
present his Psnlter to some of the nobility : and 
the copy at Lambeth has in a hand of that 
lime, " To tbe verluous and honorable Lady 
the Counters of Slirewsbury from your 
lovinge friende, Margaret Parker." Apart 
from the presuuiptirjn raised by this coinci- 
dence in favour of Parker, it makes Keeper's 
authorship unlikely, aa ha would only Lava 
been tweuty-rtiui at Mrs. Purkoi'a deatli (1470^ 
(Dibdlu's Ai)ie-#y But the eoiiclnsiie evi^ 
deuce is the ecrostick "Maltheus Parkerus" 
on which the metiienl argument to Fs. 119 is 
formed. 

Of a different older from these is the Ver- 
sion commenced by Sir Philip Sidney (P*f. 
1-43) rind completed by his sister, tlie Coun- 
tess Of Pembroke (pub. 1 803) . The metres are 
" more rare find excellent for method and Varie* 
tip," — the fnntantic and capricious measures 
of- the lighter ElisabethMI style ; not intended 
probably for congregational use. They have 
frequent freshness and spirit ; and now Ihut a 
higher mush) no longer chains us wholly to 
routine metres, a composer fond of the Eliza- 
bethan poetry would find tlie 84th, 92nd, and 
the more regular 96th full of grace and 
chami. The same description may be given 
Of Divert SeUeted Ptalms o/ Imtid in vtrte, 



ftl8 PSALTERS, EHGLlSH 

«/ « Afferent amqwsii/S from, iftew t«fl£ i» ite 
diurcJi i the work of Francis ami Christopher 
Davjgoa and others, found in n HaricLm M*. 
of the British Museum. Full selections fiom 
both these versions mar bo seen in Fair's 
Seise* Poeir j (Parker Society). To these may 
be added ft lost version of the Seven -Pent" 
(eitfsa! Mnu by Edmund Spenser. 

X* Partial (roMtrioitoKB, Bacon, Herbert, &e. 
Version* ly Dod, Wither, Sandys. 

Among the versifiers uf " Selected Fgalms " 
are fannd the eminent names of Donne, 
Dean of St. Paul's (1039), Fhineas Fletcher 
(iffifS), Cecrffe Jftrfa-t (1632), find B, Cra- 
thaw (1(H&). The flret tea Pmlius were 
tendered clenrly and naturally by Bishop 
ITaU (1607), and a few by ionl ifcwoji (16'25), 
(see FtiVUr Worthies Library by (jJHMUrt), 
dedicated to George Herbert, The eoiupktf 
vcraio:i of Henry Dod (1603-20) in Utterly 
valueless, and according to Wittier was burnt 
by the hangman : the preface however shows 
the early du9^tUfautio:i felt with Stern iiold and 
Hopkins, and there ia appended to it a liidi- 
nrouB versification, intended apparently to be 
sunjj, of the Act of Parliament passed oftur 
the Gunpowder Plot ! The ao-eatled Version 
of King James (1631) is described elsewhere 
(See Boottijh Hymaoij-, L § 3.) The version 
by George Wither (1619-32) waa a lar more 
serious rival of the Old Ferment. He obtained 
a privilege from the King, which ordered it 
to be bjund up with every oopy of the Bible, 
&nd authorized Wither to seize every Bible in 
which it wm not found. But it met with the 
Bams fate ne a similar privilege of Wither'a for 
his Hj/WMi* (Wiii Spiritual Songs of the Church, 
(See Engliili Hrmmtdj, Iiriy. § VIII.) The 
resistance to the privilege on the part of the 
Stationers' Company, who o lined the Did Ver- 
sion, ended in tlie withdrawal of this mono- 
poly by Ihc Privy Counoll (1CJ9). (See Pre- 
face to Wither*:; Hymns and Spiritual Songs, 
by U. P&rr in Library of Old A«thvrt.') Tlie 
metres of this book urn more varied than those 
of tile Ohi Version, and yet more regular and 
even than thoao of Sidney, anil tun eg are sot 
to tlmiii by Orlando Gibbous. Tbo author of 
Antkaloffia Davidiaa, * Compilation of PBalmB 
from iiuny sources (ISMS), couddurs this the 
best version ho knew for fidelity, harmony, 
and simplicity of expression. Jurigad, liow- 
eyer, by Ilia copious extracts (tlie bonk itself 
ia rare) there is a want of force and spirit. 
The loTthi "Ah nigh Babel's streams -wo 
sat," is era/sefuUy rendered ; tho twS is the 
l£0tb, "Come praiau tlie Lord, corno praise 
Hhu ' (S. P. C. K. Ps. and ITys., l'a. ol.). Tlio 
version by G-ewj« Sandys (163^), Son of 
the Abp, of York, is of far greater literary 
merit. Though set to music, by Henry Lnwes, 
it was intended only for pri?ate devotion, and 
perhaps ticvfir Used othcrwUc. Baxter laments 
that Saudye'a " aerapbic etraiu " was usolo$8 to 
the Vulgar bcc&nao not compoaed in tlio ordi- 
nary metrea ; but its poetical gra£o eior^isoil 
a eoDsiderable influence on trauslatora. Tlio 
longer Psalms are often in t. a. couplets; 
lonie of his most graceful pieces arc in coup- 
let* of 7**, «B Pb, 150, "Pr.iiso tdo Lord en- 
throned on lii^h " (S. P. C. K. Pt. ami H., Tb. 
ol.), and P&. 148, 4 * Yon who dwell above thu 



PSAL'itBS, fcNGLlSH 

skit* " ( Wei. H. Ilk, <tf9), Tlie book ia prelacea 
by an eulogy by hia friend Lord Falkland. 
In the opinion of Bumey, Ifont^ouiery, 
Couder, and Holland, it ia the beet in«lrjcal 
version. See, however, Ktble, below, § x.vn(. 

XI. Puritan Vnr*icm ; Horn, Barton, MflUm. 
To the psalm-Loving Puritan, tho perfection 
of tlie metrical version was a matter of supreme 
moment. The nr£t b'Xfk pub. in America 
(Cambridge, N.E., 1C40) was The New England 
Ptatier, often culled The Say Psalter {p. IIS, 
i>), tlio editoia of which bound themselves by 
tlie mcfct rigorous literalism. Ill the same year 
in England the Committee of Peers, lay and 
spiritual, recommended in their Hcport on Ite- 
ligion that " The nieetcr in the Psilms should 
be correeted and allows 1 of publicly." The 
flret cd. (1W1) of Franeit Iloitt, afterwards 
Provost of Eton under the Comihonwiinltli, 
was an attfliupt to satisfy this TecomniemlfltioB 
by amendment of the old version. Further 
changes were Jijwio in hia second ed, (1G4S), 
whieh was ordered to be printed by tlie 
Houae of Commona. Tlio establishment of 
the Directory (1045), Iti whicli "every one 
that can read" was otdered to "have a 
psalm - book," made revision mote urgent. 
Bous's third edition (16iB), was ordered to 
be printed ou tlio recolbULenikUion of the 
Aswtuhly of Divines: and lata- in "tlie 
year this Version "and none other" vas 
ordered by the Ilouae of Connaona "to be 
eung in all churchee and chapels within tlie 
kin^lvm." There was AU OftrtJ.^t desire 
at this time on botli sides of the border to 
ajree on a version which might be a bond 
of uniformity in religion. But it was fru<H 
trated by two causes. "The House of Lords 
inclined to ft rival versifier, William, Barton-, 
minister of St. Martin's. Lei(.<eeter (1st ed. r 
1*3*4; 2nd, 1(H5); wad they submitted liin 
3rd od. (1646) to the Assembly of Divines, 
who, however, declined to authorise it. iVlieu 
Roue's version came up from the Commona, 
they referred it to a Committee, but nover 
apparently sanctioned it. The Scots alao wore 
discontented with Bone, whom they suspected 
of heterodoxy, uaan adherent of Cmm well, and 
introduced considerable vaiiUiona, derived 
from other versions, in their new Scottish 
FsfOtmr (KiiX)). [See &Mttiia HjroiacdT.] Con- 
iirlenec in Runs was sliort-iived ill England. 
It may liavo been dissatisfaction with it whieh 
mado jlliltuii in 1G48 attempt Pa. 80-8, wliirh 
had ft special significanto to him tit liuit crinis 
of Iho war (JUcmwa). Hie versions are translated 
direct from the Hebrew. Hebrew words are 
printed in the LnnTghi : and every w™l not in 
the origin*! ia printed in ilalica. Ko better 
illuBtration of tlio literal principle of th« 
Puritan trar4lution« 0*n be given ; and no one 
can eay it was successful. He noadc Aliothei 
essay in 1G53, without tliiB assertion of exceed - 
iug litemlism, and hi various metres, not easy 
to be sung; but the result is uo hotter. 
Portions Of P*s. 82, S5, 8(1, formed into a cento, 
" Tlio IiOrd will come anid not be alow," and 
part of Pa. £4, " How lovely are Thy dwellings 
fair," are found in aoma of ourhvmn-books; but 
the QTily on a of rani note is the 134th, " I^et ub 
with a gladsome mind," which he wioto at the 
age of fifteen. In 1SD1 Dp. King of Chichester, 



P&ALTEEB, ENGLISH 

in the preface to hie version, sneers, front the 
churchman's standpoint, at the failure of one 
of our " prastended Hefonners** (probably Eons). 
And in 1691 appeared a new edition of Bartiix, 
which bore on its title-page a license for pub- 
lication from Cromwell. A version by Thomas 
Lord Fairfax is mentiooed in the preface to 
Cotton's Etlitiont of the BiWe ; lio quotes the 
187th Psalm in etsasms of four long lines. It 
was never published. 

XII. Baxter, MUe» Smyth, Zhnlam, Patrick. 

From Sterahold to Rous the prevailing 
principle of translation mas literal exactness ; 
but the i!re&iiness of all these efforts, and in 
■onio measure the grace of Sandys, now pro- 
duced a demand for tome literacy excellence. 
In the preface to hie version (-written probably 
about this time, though not published till 
16$£), Richard Baxter says, after reviewing 
preceding versions, " The ear desireth greater 
melody, than strict versions will allow. And 
in their measure the versions that followed 
the Restoration were an attempt in this direc- 
tion. Examples may be seen in S, Woodford's 
Verbose and pompons Psalter (16G7) ; ill MiJei 
SmyiJt't, which is, often smooth anil melodious 
(lfiBU); in Luke Xilbtwnw (1698), who tried 
to adapt his metres to the musio of Playford, 
who had recently edited Btemhold. and Hop- 
kins, and to that of Henry Ijiwea, found in 
Bandys's Plotter; and in the stately though 
monotonous L.itf . of Sir Jo&«i JJeiiftau* (written 
at this time, though only published in 1715). 
But the difficulty lay in the decay of music, 
by which metres were more ihan ever re- 
stricted. Baxter adopted a plan of bracketed 
words, by which l.m. could be sung as cm., 
oi' cm. us s.if., for tho use of ignorant con- 
gregations, but scarcely in the interest of 
literary imwesi A Cintunj ttf Psabne was 
published by JoJm Patrick, Preacher to the 
Cliarterhousc, brother of the Bishop, in 1673 ; 
and a complete version in 1691-2, which 
attained considerable success for its fidelity. 
It was not liowever exactly a literal version. 
It adopted a mode of evangelical interpreta- 
tion, of which the germ exists in Parker, iuuI 
which will be discussed at large under Watts. 
See % xv, 

XIII. The N&o Version. 

(1.) History. — The first instalment of Tate 
and Brady' i Psalter is a- sheet and a half, 
without date (Bodleian); the next is "The 
first XX, Psuhusby H. Prv-dy trndN. T<Ltc" 
(Bntileiaii) publislicd as a specimen (lfi&S). 
The complete version followed (liBe), entitled 
A New VersitiTi of tho l'tnlme vf David, Fitted 
to the Tunet Used tit Churches, By N. TnH 
and N. Brady (Ifrit. JHtis.), and dedicated to 
'William 111. This edition was apparently 
subjected to criticism and revised : and in its 
settled form, which diners from each of tho 
preceding essays in some of the metres and 
expressions, it was " allowed" by the King in 
Council, and " permitted to be used in all 
ohUTehca, &G+, as shall think tit to receive 
them," Deo. 3, 1GDC, This second edition was 
not published till 1C0S (Brit. Mitt.), [fciee 
Hew Veni™,] The Sitppttment thereto was 
authorised, in the same terms as the Psalter, 
ly the Queen in Council, July 30, 1703. 

(2.) Tolas of Authorisation. — So far as 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 



019 



license to print was concerned, the royal 
" allowance was not strictly necessary, as the 
Licensing Act Jiad recently expired; but it 
was extremely politic. (See it again under 
§ xvi.) The " permission " to use it in churches, 
&0. , which, is a distinct matter from the " allow- 
ance," whether actually necessary or net in 
order (0 legalise ita adoption, was of great 
value. Under the sanction of the sovereign, and 
recommended by the Abp. of Canterbury and 
Comptou, Bishop of London, 'Phe New Yertfon 
presented itself as a settlement Of the long 
dissatisfaction with Stemhold and Hopkins. 
Its success was net however universal. Beve- 
ridge (1710) wrote a vlgorons protest against 
it, and in favour of the Old Vertion. He calls 
it a "New Version in deed," "fine and 
modish ," "■ flourished with wit and fancy," 
"gay and fashionable." He dilates on the 
inconvenience of two 'versions; calls it a 
breach of uniformity ; " in time we might have 
one secundum Mm London, another secun- 
dum nsuin Richmond (see Bratty below), 
another secundum usum Sarum," He records 
the protests of congregations : one vestry had 
oast it out, after lis introduction by the cler- 
gyman. It was then Only used In A few 
churches in London. 

(3.) Cliaraetei* am/ Msiits,-— The material cf 
the New Version may be thrown into three 
groups; 1. Psalms of an ornate character, 
wilh occasional vigour of rhythm, written 
mostly in l.m, and r.M. The best is 139th, 
K Thou, Lord, by Strictest Search host known." 
2. A large quantity of very spiritless cm., us 
poor in language as the literal versions. 3. A 
few examples of sweet and simple verse, such 
as the 34th, " Through all the changing scenes 
of life;" 42nd, "As pants the hart:" 51st, 
"Have mercy, Lord, on mo ;" and S4(h, "Oh, 
God of hosts, the mighty Lord," which retain 
their hold on our hymn-books. There is 
nothing to shew certainly how the work was 
divided between Tate and Brady : both were 
poets i it i» plausible to attribute the ornate 
work, in which some have even snggested an 
occasional aid from his patron Dryden, to 
Tftte. Another theory makes Brady the theo- 
logical, Tate the poetical workman through- 
out. Bcveridge's epithets suggest the general 
impression of the book. The artificial style of 
that period is applied to the Psalms : and in 
the hands of men of genius — far Ices in those 
of moio versifiers — so aluu a form could not 
have tmecceded. " Tate's poor page " {J 'ope) 
has been abused as roundly ns The Old Version. 
And yet one condemned to tread the waste 
of metrical Psalters will consider it an ad- 
vanco en its predecessors. Buffering more from 
its own success than comparison with them. 
And this merit is fairly theirs : they asserted 
successfully, and with an emphasis scarcely 
known before, literary and poetical excel- 
lence (according to their light) as a prin- 
ciple of translation, and the precedent thus 
set was seldom ignored afterwards. It has 
been gravely censured for want of fidelity by 
Keblc and others. Traces Of political allu- 
sion have also heen pointed out. The curious 
reader may like to trace than in Pa. 18, S7-+3, 
in the courtly complexion given to Pe. 101, 
2-7, in a possible allusion to the queen, Ph. 
45, Id, and in Pa. 107, 40 ("The prince, wLo 



S20 PSALTEBS. ENGLISH 

alights what God commands, exposed to scow 
moat quit lie throne"). 

(L) Authors. — The jyVmj Per*6>n was tlie 
work of two Irishmen. JVaftttm Tab was tie 
son of Faithful Teste, an Irish clergyman, 
author of some religious versm Hie was b. in 
Dublin (1652), and educated at Trinity College. 
He wrote, Under Drydcn's superintendence, 
the second part of Abtaltna ami Ackitophel 
with the eiception of about two hundred lines. 
He succeeded Shadwell as Poet Laureate. 
Among his works are C&trae**™ 0/ Firtue ond 
Fief (1691), JIKiOiaHoiUKi Sacra, a selection 
from Vnrious writer (1696-8), and Panacea, 
a Poem tat Tea. He is said to hare been a 
man of intemperate and improvident life. He 
wrote a reply to Beveridge, defending the style 
of the version on liter&iy grounds. (Etttty on 
Psalmody, 1710.) He d.ln London io 1715. 
Nidtolaa Bradg was bom at B&ndon (1659), 
He was educated at Westminster, anil went 
afterwards to Christ Church, Oxford, and to 
Trinity College, Dublin. From the latter lie 
received the degree of x>.». for services to the 
Protestant cause. Ho was a Prebendary of 
Cork. In the Irish war he was an active ad- 
herent of William ; and three times saved his 
nativo town from burning. Coming from 
Bsndon with a petition to William, he re- 
mained in London, and was appointed Chap- 
lain to the K.i»s; and afterw&rda (170J-S) 
Incumbent of Stratford- on- Aroji, Ha had 
previously been minister of St. Catherine 
Cree's, and Lecturer of St Michael's, Wood 
Street; probably holding some, or all of these 
appointments in plurality. ' Nutwilu standing 
the income derived from his appointments, 
his extravagance obliged him to keep a school, 
while incumbent of Richmond (1710). He 
died in 1726. Besides several volumes of ser- 
mons, ho published a tragedy called The 
Bapo, a'r the Iwaoeent Impostors, and a poetical 
translation of the dlneid of Virgil in four 
vcK 

XIV. J. Addison. 

In the Spectator of 1712, Were published 
tile well-known paraphrases of the 10th 
Ps.. "The spacious rlrmaraeint on high," 
and the 23rd Pe , "The Lord my pasture 
shall prepare."' TJiey hare been attributed to 
Marvel], but (bob AMitaa, J., j. IS, ii.) are 
Addison's. They ate found in many collec- 
tions, and liave been admired hy jn»d judges. 
The *tyle is more florid than the jfow Version. 
The fault In both is, that the sense of God's 
Presence, which is so vivid in the original, is 
subordinated to the somewhat unreal descrip- 
tion of landscape. 

XV. WatU'g Version. 

Tho versification of the Psalms engaged 
the attention of Isaac Watts in his 
early days : a translation of Ps. 1S7, not 
inclnded in his complete Psalter; is found 
in Retiqais Juvenile*, Paraphrases on Ps. 
148 were published in the fforjn Lyriax 
(t705); and at leost bnlf of the Ptalm had 
been versified At the date of the publication of 
his Hymns (1707-9). Ps. 114 was published 
in The Spectator (1712); and the complete 
version (so far as his theory of completeness 
extended) in 1719; entitled. The Ptalms of 
David imitated f» the language of the A™ 



PSALTEBS, ENGLISH 

Testament, ite. Taken as a whole it is not 
better than Tate and Grady, There is a want 
of restraining reverence about it; and the 
turgid epithets and gaudy ornament dishonour 
the simple grandeur of the original. Yet it 
contains some of bis choicest pieces, suuh as 
Ps.' 81, "Lord of the worlds above;" the 
noble Ps. 00, " Our God, our help in ages past ;" 
P*. Itftf, " Give to our God- immortal praise ;" 
and one or two more, The Psalter is not 
really complete. Wfltts saw and was hold 
enuugh to say, that there were parts of the 
Psalter which could never be sang, and which 
were therefore useless as hymns. His render- 
ings are paraphrases rather than translations. 
He breaks up the Patilme Into different por- 
tions: sometimes, especially in Ps. 119, he 
selects and groups verses so as to produce a 
new hymn. And adtL little prefatory stanzas. 
Be utilized lines from his predecessors ; some 
from Tale and Brady, more from. Denhaib, 
most of all from Patriot. Prom Patrick also he 
borrowed the new principle, used long before 
by Luther, and by Parker, which be worked 
out elaborately — evangelical interpretation of 
the Psalms. To this, which is the really 
notable characteristic of the hook, he devoted 
ffTL's-t rmus, embodying in his verse the Mew 
Testament expositions of our Lord and the 
Apostles, exhibiting the Missianic Psalms in 
the lie.ht of the life of Christ, and expanding 
adumbration, type and prophecy, into their 
fulfilments. Sndi a mode of treatment was of 
course a new divergence from literalism, hut 
a legitimate and fruitful one. No principle 
has such promise of future usefulness In the 
adaptation of the Psalter to the purposes of 
hymnolojjy, The teuder modern hyjnn by Sir 
H. W. Baker, " The Kinjr of Love my Shep- 
herd is" (if. A, & M-, 197) is an illustration; 
and W&tts'a version of Ps. 72, " Jesus shall 
reign where'er the aim," is a beautiful ex- 
ample of the principle and tf his best style. 
At the same time it requires extreme caution 
and reverence if it is to be kept from error. 
When ho tried to push it beyond I he guidance 
of Scripture, Watts was betrayed into such 
vulgarity as the substitution of Britain for 
Inrael, &c A full exhibition oi Watts's 
Tsalter will he found in the New Get*;?, H- Bk. 

XVI. gkukmoro, Weity. Smart, Mttriek, 
Batti Woodd, Dmjht. 

In 1721 appeared a Version by Sir Riehard 
Elaekmore, which was dedicated^ Georpe 1., 
and on the Teoomtnenilatiun of both the arch- 
bishops and fifteen bishops "allowed mid per- 
mitted to be Used in nil churches, Ac.," by order 
in Council, in precisely tho same terms as The 
New Version. It is rather a reaction in tho 
direction of naked literalism, and it niade no 
way, notwithstanding its lofty patrons. In 
Anne Steele's Pmbm (1760) there are forty- 
seven renderings of Panlin& C. Wesley 
at one time or other translated nefirly the 
whole Psalter. Some were published In 1738 
and 17+8; again in the Armimmt Magazine, 
1 793-1^01 ; and flio whole are inclnded in tho 
Poetical It'orA* of 3. 4 C. Wesley, 1868-72. 
Thoy are naturally expressed m the refined 
and cultivated language which wns habitual 
toC. Wesley, but they are not of high poetical 
excellence. The best are Ps. S3, ■« Jesus Thu 



PSALTERS, BNQ11SH 

Good Shepherd is"; Ps. 121, H To the hills 1 
lift mice eyes " \ and especially Ps. 131, 
"Lord, if Thou Thy grace Impart." Charles 
Wesley adopt? free]/ Walta** system of 
evangel ical interpretation. Christopher Smart 
published a version (1765), in which the 
introduction of Mew Tsstamcnt matter is 
w gr^at, that the characteristics of the Faalmi 
fn erased, la this book then is also a great 
variety of new metres, and among the rest 
th&t of COwper's Alexander Selkirk, found i» 
Charles Wesley, and in Shenstoue. /ante* 
iHemeJF published n Pmdter (1765) which 
Attracted attention from the knows learning 
of the author. It bears signs of the influence 
of Bp. Lowths theories of Hebrew poetry, 
and was also appioved by Becier. It is 
written in continuant lines, but was divided 
into stanzas for congregational use by Tatter- 
shall (1797), who added a prose paraphrase, 
It is weak iuid full of epithets. Montgomery 
calls it " Immeasurable verbiage," Until Wooda 
published a few psalms in 1794 ; other editions 
foliowed. The final one (1821) contained Ilia 
OWtt, with alternative renderings Selected 
from Watts and Tate and Brady, Ac. Timothy 
Dtdgkt, the American theologian, published a 
revised edition of Watt* (1800). A Version of 
a few Psalms by TFiWfcaw Hatt/it appeared in 
17Q7,{ind with additions in 1811 : and another 
in the same your (1811) by William Goade. 
A partial Version by Richard Cumberland 
(1801) may be mentioned for the sake of the 
author, not of the book, 

XVII. Montgomery, Ma.nl, Eaniei Axher, 
Lute, 

James Montgomery's Songs of Zion (1822) 
contain nearly half of the Psalter. The 
sombre and plaintive verse of Ps. 33, " Load, 
let me know mine end"; and Ps. 63, "Oh 
God, Thon art my Ood nlnno " ; are floe 
examples of lonely and sorrowful trnst. Tlie 
131sr, "Lord, for ever at Thy side," is of a 
tenderer oliaractcr. Pa. 91, "Call Jeoorah 
thy Salvation"; and Pa. 103, " Oh my soul, 
with all thy powers," are soft aud musical. 
Far the finest is the rich and .splendid 
Messianic hymn which few perhaps leccgnise 
as a Paraphrase of Ps. 72, "Hail to the 
Lord's Anointed." Bishop Maul published a 
Tension (1821) composed with great care, and 
founded much on Lowth'a Lectures, But the 
language is cold, and the Psalms assume the 
form of stiff and stately odes. Harriet Anber's 
Spirit of ifte Psalms was published anony- 
mously (1630), edited by a clergyman. She 
nets evangelical interpretation freely, Several 
renderings are full of gentle melody, such as 
Pa 45, "With hearts in love abounding"; 
Pa. 78, * Whom have we, Lord, In heaven but 
Thee ** ; and Ps. 7B, " Oh praise our great and 
gracious Lnfd." A book with the same title, 
The Spirit of thi Psalms, was published (189*) 
by H. P. Lyte. Though it touches nearly the 
whole Psalter, and though there uru a Tew 
among the best that have a joyous tone, such 
as the sunny rendering of Ps. Si, " Pleasant 
are Thy courts above; 1 * still it is with the 
tenderness and tearfulness Of i\v> Psalms that 
he is moat deeply penetrated. His renderings 
are seldom close translations; they tire either 
free paraphrases, or the expansion Of a few 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH Ml 

Verses, as a theme, with free interweaving 1 of 
his own thoughts and metaphors, and perhaps 
for thin reason they art less known than they 
deserve. Pa 55, " Oh had I, my Saviour, the 
wings of a dove," a successful treatment of 
an undignified metre, illustrates his habit of 
isolating the es4 part of a psalm. Fa. 91, 
"There is a safe and secret place," (a good; 
and " Far from my heaveuly Louie, 11 exactly 
represents his method and his tenderness. 
Few probably are aware tliat it is founded on 
Ps. 137, "By Die rivers of Babylon, there 
we sat down ; yea, wo wept, when we re- 
membered Zian." 

. XVI 1L Jvhn £*W«l 
Tim Ftalltr or Ptalmt of Dwi& f» EuoKth 
wrw, by a member of tk# Univertity of 
Oxford (1889) is the work of the revered John 
Keble. That he should have deemed such a 
thing worth doing, is, in some sort, a measure 
of the advance of the last forty years in the 
matter of church music, There was u small 
hope," he thought, that the oustom of chant- 
ing the psalms would come in ; aud therefore, 
despite his conviction that the Hebrew was 
intended for chanting, not singing 1 , and that 
success was "impossible/ 1 because the form 
aitd tone of English metre and Hebrew 
parallelism were irreconcilable, he set him- 
self to improve the Metrical Version, 
"adhering reverentially 1o the meaning of the 
original." Ho rabmitted the work to Dr. 
Posey. The adverse criticism which has been 
given had been anticipated by Keble himself, 
The close adherence to the terseness and the 
images of the Hebrew has prodnced some 
constraint and obscurity. But in the judg- 
ment of the present writer no other version 
has such refinement of diction, sustained 
merit, lyric force and fire, and flashes of 
hnagiuative energy. There ore occasional 
traces of the influence of Scott's chivalrous 
phrases. Ps. 93, " God the Lord a king 
remalueth," is one of the finest. Ps. 46, 
" God oar Hope and Strength abiding," is of 
the same order, but less chastened ; the tro- 
chaic, Ps, 96, " Sing the song unheard before," 
is good; as also Ps. 139, "Sound high 
Jehovah's ftfame 1 *; Ps. 136, "Praise the 
Lard, for He is Love;" and Ps. 118, " Praise 
ye the Lord from heaven." 

3JX. CJturton, Sir Jfc. Grant, Dander, 
Haokhafu Frere, troaer, ifce. 
Tha Cleveland Pialter, by Archdeacon 
CI>urton (1854), is one of the best versions. 
It is written in firm, equal, and melodious 
verse, and though inferior to Keble in spirit 
and freshness, and high imagination, avoids 
his ahmptnees and compressiou by a slightly 
looser texture, and greater liberty of trans- 
lation. Though thoroughly an original 
work, ft adopts ideas and lines from the 
ancient Anglo-Sawn Version which Ohurton 
attributes to Aldhelm (see § m\ from Wyatt, 
Sidney, Sandys, Miles Smyth and Keble. 
Portions of Pa. 16, w Lord keep me, for I tmsl 
in Thee " j Ps. 87, " Vex iiot thy soul for men 
of pride," are in 8. P. C. K. Ps. and Hys. : 
Ps. 07, "God of grace, oh let Thy light/* is 
in W. A. * ST. (SC4). Ps. 64, " Lord, to my 
sad voica attending": and Ps, 131, "Lord, my 
h«urt is With the lowly," are like Hetbelt 



W22 PSALTEitS, ENGLISH 

The best is Ps. Dfi, "Unise the psalm; tut 
earth adoring " In Kennedy, 18G3, and the 
Fa*, a. 3k, (60*), 1*75. A smooth, fhirly- 
suntained Version, but deficient In spirit, hud 
been published (1831) by lip. Trower (revised 
in 1S75). jSi> Rvbort Gran/ had published 
acme renderinge early in the century, anion" 
whiuli is the tine ornamentalum of the old 
101th, " Oil worship the King." J. Conifer's 
Ps. 114, " Hallelujah, raise ob raise ," is a lyric 
of gjfcftt brightness and j ubil iince, A SeieefiOn 
of Psalm* ay Hixikhum Frew was privately 
lirintod, »» hi* roelhxil Work* (1872). The 
Symjnelrical Psalter by W. Vernon Hjireourt 
appeared in 1856, and The Cambridge Psalter 
by Dr. Kennedy in 1SG0 (revised 1876), 

XX. Resent Version*, 

The render of this sketch will have 
observed that in one aspect it is Hie history of 
the Inns tenacions struggle of the Metric.i] 
Psiltei against the glowing power of original 
hymns as the material of praise. This 
conflict ha i been now long ended, and the 
tusk of versifying' tlie Fan] ma greatly simpli- 
fied by enfranchisement from the routine 
metres. But ffefth efforts ore still made under 
these freer conditions. A version of consider- 
nble freshnc£5, freedom, and spirit appeared iu 
US03, with tin irregular structure of Vi-ree, by 
Mr. A. Malet. Tlic Cuiupanitm Pialter, by 
Rct. T . B. P. irks (lK7i), is a valuable coin- 
pilntLOtl uf the choicest pieces of preceding 
versions, and contains several of his own 
developments of the meditative psalms. Hts 
lyric measures aie often soft and melodious i 
he introduces freely Evangelical idea*; but 
they are not nlways the legitimale unfolding 
of the psnlui, and sometimes the groundwork 
is ttsarccly perceptible. Ps 19, Ll The heavens 
declare Thy glory "' : Ps. 20, " O Christ, whose 
intercession " ; Pe, 80, " Oh Kin# of Mercy " ; 
and Ps. 89, " O comfort uf the weary " ; are 
good specimens, The Manjucss of Lome p lib- 
liahed alternate renderings of the Sccftivh 
Version. (1877). The late l)r. Irons promised 
U complete vrraion, written with special 
attention to Hebrew p^rnllelisms j an instal- 
ment of it n[*peiiroii in 1875. The latest 
Versions are by Diglit) Stsgmoitr (1882), nnd 
iMgby S. Wraugham (1885). 

Anion g I ho effort* to umbo (he PssiUer 
compete with original hymns may bo notod 
Matthew Henry's Fah&Ui/ ftymiit (j'Billy 
selected 1's.ihns, 1605) ; IJorrington's Devotions 
in Psalms and Hymtit and Spiritual Songs, 
inr.Li]-<-.il a* a hyawbook for Sundays, &C. ; 
Select Psalms and Hynms for tho nea of St. 
J a nil's' a Westminster (1697). Tlio mutt 
interesting is ail anangvliiout by Jitrmahn 
(1775), to whieh is pri;n&e:l an essay iu 
defence of tho Olil Version a strenuous 
protest itgaiast the growing power of Wesley's 
hymns. 

XXI, Conclusion. 

The Quotations in the foregoing sketch 
shew that metrical psalm* still contribute 
largely to our hymnals. The least successful 
renderings hnvo lioea those of the Mcssiuruc 
psalms. Nor have the penitential psalme 
yielded much for Lenten use. In one or two 
Instances the dauntless trust of the Psalmists 
lias been nobly reproduced. And for the 



PSALTER, EKGLISH 

worship of the messea certain grand and simple 
pealuis aie unequalled. The indirect ut- 
rluence of the long tutelage of the Psalter 
must not be lost sight of. It gave to our 
earlier hymns a severity, a breadth, an 
objective tone, and a -wide and deep base in 
liutural religion. Nowhere ia the glory of 
God ia hi* works eo nuvgnifioently exhibited 
as in the Psalms, and the strength of the 
presentation is srounded on tlie wliole po*tr 
of the works in them selves, not on swno 
single and perhaps sentimenta-l aspect of the 
works, Nowhere is the jubilance, of praise, 
unclieeked by the chilling Mid irrelevnnt 
thought — true and sad us it is— of tho sinful- 
ness and inadequacy of our utUmnce, so 
majestic. These characteristics are jinpi^ssed 
deeply on Watts; and they arc of abiding 
value, as a counterpoise to the morbid emotion, 
ofTeniiimey, self-consciousness, and anatomy 
of motives, which make some modem hymns 
So sickly. The influence of the Psalter on 
English hymns is by no means worked out. 
It may take ne* forms, select and develop 
more freely from the ideas, but it is impossible 
that the Psalms can cease to inspire many of 
the deepest, toiidi-rest, most intense utterances 
in future hjnrnj. [H. L. B.] 

Paalteira, Ungliah. Minor Versiflera, 
BiupftphicLiJ articles of the greater versifiers of 
the Psalms naniwl in the foregoing CAtalogtie, 
are given under their respective niimes In tliia 
Diction ary. In the notes given below the 
writers of less importance, either in themselves 
or in the work which they have doue in para- 
phrasing 1 the Psalms in metre, are grouped 
together in alphabetical order ; anil a refer' 
ence tiuntber ia added to aid in tracing out 
each person's work In the article on Fulten, 
T«rfic« in £nfit*)i, p, UB, 

JLtwHd, Georfe, b.d., BniEi«tiiDB Arcbdibcon of 
rauTitcu. [Hu. IX}.] 

ButholAiiuw, JLLfmL Trom lite Sntrrf Lyrin. 1931, 
we gatlier tint lie iras till arcttilect. B. lSvl, iL IMS, 
[So. SJl.] 

Beuimoiit, Joha, Trom lit* Original Fsatmt. 1S34. 
Ill* followliij luve bem inuslcrnd hi &put^»n'jf 
O. 0. II, Ilk., ltsSS: — (\f "I'll Uch my Siviour, Uod," 
Ft. cxHi. (i) " I'Ord, I daily nil en Thee." I't.cxlt. 
(3) "Many timet tin« iIilJh nf ycuUi-" ft. (nij. 
(4] " Praise yt J^tifli'pli, sliuut and fling." Ps. extviif. 
[Ku.W3J 

Bird. <Hurl« Smltb. has tlic nutluir of i'wr end 
Ear Olid other JMems. IJveipuul, IS33. [N*. 334 J 

BLuluU, Eiintnit, nuUiuf of rtuSns and Jiymii 
and titiridaii Soufli, pulj. in Dulilin, 1S35, whirti cijii- 
ttiliwti, *lonE with otlipf iiM'inn, veraitmH uT tuelve 
l^nlm». Tier Intmlimi was "to iMmplet* the pna. 
vOimse uT Hie Pajlmfl," as «ljt SIU4S In ll*l rrrfjM. 
Tbls, ]ju»ever, ki far «S tail lie ^Mlureil, ills nsver 
carried out. [^!>, 244,] 

Burning. Ed|>r Alfi«d. wan h. la 1«2C, »in] was "P. 
fur Ea*l*T, ISOM. AciXTillllg Iu O'ltf't (P- 1S3|) he has 
alio " traiulnud two muill toImium ttt GeTman hiTtini, 
Htl«*t*J by (In Quean, llnl jrrivalely prtntsd ftir hir 
MajMty'a iisa." [Nu. »2,J 

Bcyift, Bunnell b. of a disscmlng minister, was Ij- In 
I11H. He rec¥li"cJ tbK rmllnltnts of Ilia educttlim la 
EmMIll, smjthHi pasuil oil to the Univirsity 4if Qlaa- 
piw. A* ft frarf *"<i •**" »' Urttaralio was well known 
and erteemed q but liis niuiners we™ of tlie lontrt, anJ 
Ills life moat, wretclictl. He d. In £ji« Lane, 1/imScrn, fn 
cliscure lodgings, in Kay, U47, and waa buried by tba 
pariah. IKo- 1S3.] 

Xmmptcn, Thoniai, wiis oiw of tlic firllent trtng. 
IHoie. of tli* Fsulms lntu Knjlish metre Nothing ia 
known uf Mm, give wbat Is rworded on tho us, copy of 
Lhe Seven Peirltentiol Ptaltat, w Jlich is preserved in tin 
Dritiali MmMum. At the beglnnEng of this Ha. is 
written—" Frstcr TlionUi* tJram;.toD Bocnie TbeufcsWl 



PSALTBB6, ENGLISH 

ftwtoc V winore pauperib' confe&ao' els Latino in Angiia 
Anno bom 1414, ad BhL hoaurtm et increuentuni deTo- 
tdunJx." This little wort i» ■writtanun beautiful I'eJluia, 
and in an. old catlout mixture of Anglo-Ssion. characters, 
and eld English word*, which tends to show that it ws» 
nude it a time when the language "was in ft vt«tc at 
change. [No. 1.] 

Bntinmite, Biehaid, b. IMS, rt, 1(73, at on* time 
Deputy-Lteutenant of the county of Westmoreland, was 
tie author of several metrical work*. Haslewood, the 
editor of Brathwsite's Jffnnwoti'r /wtriHtJ, 1» of 
opinion that No. S3 Tty " K. B." in Ilia work, 

3rju, f oaaph, one of tilt "other gentlemen " referred 
to tn Ku. $1. wxeining htm we know nothing except 
that bit nnme It preflited to toe Introduction u the ue, 
najiied, and thin ho wrote some of tb* vonions therein 
See DaTiaon, C, fcelow. 

Byri, William, mo of the "Gentlemen of (be 
Quern's honourable Uhapptll." s. of Thomas llyrf, was 
£ cilia llsa, sold, la London. July 4, 1523. He was 
a chorister In St. Pml's Cathedral ; Oijranlst of Lincoln 
Cathedral, 15(3-14** ; and Uentlenian of tilt Chapel 
Boyal, ISGl, lie vu the composer of several well- 
known anthem*. [No. 35J 

Catty, Huioui. A gentleman attaclicd to the court 
of King Chatlfta I. S»fTJaTura, 0,, below . 

Cavity, IT. B,., h.a, irantlitor of Dmts'e Dtfeita 
Comttty, author of Jl/rcJis'j JtittfliiJif, fee. [No. 3sS.] 

Ghambetlayiia, Junta, composed a few poema that 
be might "not trifle away too much of Lis time," u?l 
pub. a selection therefrom as j— A Sat lilt Pom On (it 
JffvJA, Miraclet, Itetlk, S/pniturt, iJeitirrecriolt, and 
4srmiu»i of U« jsut jiiljf JtJut. 1690. To this m< 
lidded 18 FrJAlm VftrtioES, tb* Lamentations of Jeremiah 

in vers*, ±i- [No. aa.] 

Coot. Samuel. W.A., sometime Master cf Christ's Hos- 
Wlal, pull. Ill 1707, Peon on &rcrol Occasions. He d. 
in 1713, [No. 113,] 

0*1*, Benjamin Tkomu Haloott, h.a , sometime, 
fellow of Magdalen Collrgt. Cambridge, and Hector of 
WaTbleton. Sussex, u.i. IBM, ii. j. ]fl(T. (No. Ms.] 

Ovlvnioe, Hanrr Han, second Baron fMeb Peerage), 
d. m, Tottennam In 1T08. Is nddltlan to hlBmrapbracea 
from it* Itiliaii, fee., be w«g it* aulkoi of i ffitlorij 
Iff TMiojjAapi, [(To. W.] 

OoUwell, Willi*™, wmetlme resident Id SbeAeld u 
an. architect mid surveyor, was a local prudiar In tbe 
Metbodlst Ma* Connexion body. He pub. (1) J=aif<l 
aitd .IffjioJ /'rlemf, Hnlilni IBIK ; (i) ijefivw ffarmmirt 
and Allusitmt, milti and (3) Tas M, of J*r»frai *e. 
[No. 1MJ. 

Cvbnhn. Gee^e, tlie youjiger, 8. of George Oolmad, 
dramatic writer, and for some time tbe Laid Hiamber' 
lain'n ElumlMr of Plajri, was b. at Txindtirt, Oct. £1, 
1JSB, ind ..1. Ill 1&3«. [Mo. 177.] 

0«a*y, Thomaa, i>.n,, aomotomt Bettor of Chtikoy, 
Sunaraetsliire, and Prebeftdniy of Wells. [Ho. 1X3.] 

(9paow*i{li, KJoIikI. Tliia vensiuer'E liiatoTj is un- 
known to us- Ht9 VerjJOH of Some Sited PialMt Id In 
tlie Brjlhli Miieum (JJart. »S*6> [Nd. 3i .] 

Ocaaock, Tnomu. » n.ltlve uf StslTordsLiice, and nam^. 
UevC ltcclor i>f St, TlKHMs'a Cliwreli, Ifeiltimure Countj', 
■fairland. pub. his paraplltaoe a! tliC Pbilms us belvn". 
Hod. Ill 17(0. [No. 141.] 

Cnmtarbuid, Honry CHftoid, Eiri at *'4s h. Ill 1391, 
and ri. at York, Dec, 1BJ3. " In tlio dissensions *l]ieb 
aroB* between Cbarlea tbe t^iiBt. and bis I-'arllameiit tbe 
tiarlisastd to baTe + distuiaiL[aned liimFelf more by hie 
fidelity to lite Xin|; h scunae + tban by bis activity or skill : ' 
h|a cbsraet.T will be found mCksTemlun'fl II LEfory, where 
be Is culled ■ n man of msat bnnour and biteEiity;' and 
|lr. Ellas baa introJnee4 a brief memoir of him into hla 
edition of Wood's Athcnai ftHmintJet" (MdUitiid). [No. 
Bi.] 

Cnmbarlaad, ^lck|ur4i dramatic and niraoeliuiHoue 
trrltel 1 , was b. at Cambridge, 1733; and d. at Thnbridgo, 
1811. lloviaa fat SftmO tiUus SwratftTJ to the lKKrJ uf 
Truie ; tut during tbo latter part of ma life be devoted 
himself entirely to literature. [So. usej 

HanujL Jllchftii, d.d,, ODmetimo Tkan of Armagh an 1 
Chaplain to tbe LaraVLientenant of Ireland. [Ho. 12Z.] 

P*i>Tr Onarloa, w.^., n for soma tim* Enter- of 
Kedingtsn, SfllT&ltt, Beyond tils vt liav* no details. 
Pfo. ill J 

BlTiea, Sir Tefan (Baxia), b. In 1W«, d. Dec. Jth, 
1616. His irarks make a Tola, in Dr. GreB*rt'E> FuUcr 
TTerfMw* .Horary, lsl*. [N0.38.J 



P8ALTBK5I, ENGLISH 



923 



Xwiiaan, GhitisUfiLai, seviHul s. of WllLLm bavisan 
and brutbef of Francis liavlson [see tiebw), was a mem- 
ber Of STay'9 Lm. We cannot ascertain tbe d*Ve« of 
Lift citth OC dealb. He is one of the "atier JKntlemcll " 
referred to In No. si. 

HnTim, frucii, eldeist >. of WillUm Dtiiefit, 
Swrelaty of State to (jueen Elizabeth, and brother of 
the above, was b. circa 1 bis, and was a member of Cray's 
Inn. Hed.c4rcal«21. Hit IWicctl Hhaftudle was put. 
in 1641. [No. oi.J 

Thc.KU'L MS. tererred to in No. Si la one of Ulna 
as*, vhicb aie thua rererred i v ty W. 1". Brooke In hl» 
ed, of UilQB lletcher'a Oiritft ficlrrg oud n^irtiliis, 
ii,, Ixmd,, Oijfntli, rimtu, 4f. r IHbB, p. 2tJi— "No 
complete editivu of Uis ptalma of Francia and Cbristo- 
pber Davinon hga hltlierto appeared < and fur lb* firet 
time (wltli the hitherto unknown Ititn:«lmjtlon of 
Kranchi Pavlaon LlmKlO tbey an here completely 
jrlven. It la Eiobabk that Hai'lscn's death Interrupted 
tbe plan of tiit collodion, and it rtnultied unBuisbaL 
M leut tbr» HKi. of It blue stirrl red [1] tbc apparently 
uriafnal Ma. In Ibe Harlehm CoHeOtion i {i[ L J a tranacrfpt 
by Kalpll Cranc-Tvlth additional poems [referred to OV 
fan in bis Select FoUry, tc, leas, p. xxxi, under 
f. (wj, whose version oil's. HI ij therein]; end [ill] 
the anonymous iia., formerly Arvkde«con Cotton's and 
tbe late Alexander CtrdyuelB, from which «■ print. 
Of the felhnv-workeis of tlie lial-isaiB — Jouph llryan, 
Itlcliard Gippa, And Thomaa Carey— little la known. 
Brjiaa contributed twent j-two liealms to the collt-ctlon ; 
I^ucie Davison eijrjitecn ; dnrlsto|dier Dai^on athl 
ltichar^l <ilpps aacb two^ and 1'. Carey a single psalm." 
Mr. Brooktt reprints about die half of the vs., All or 
Bryan's hut one being omitted . 

Senaia, lkau>a. Horcemini:lhiii autlmf nur infor- 
mation It limited to tbti titlepae* of his version. [So. 
191,] 

TJielaui, Tuomaa, a Bcboohnnbtcr at Cliirneidr, ]kr- 
wickabLw, [Ko. 113.] 

Botl. Henry, It called by G. Wither "Dod the allk- 
man ." Beyond till*, and tbat ills "late rldkuloas trans- 
laUane of tba Ptalms was. by autborily, worthily 
condemned to tbe fno" (i.e. bumtibf ih* eomtnoii 
ImuPjUianJ, and tint lie lurunl I be Act of i'arlianicnt 
*n]omin^a Pu.blic J f hankEgivine; on tbo Fiith cf Novem- 
ber, into metre to be sung in church, we know nothing 
of iiliu. [No. 40.} 

Donald, Eobtrt, an Illiterate perBon of Wokinc;, 
Surrey, m persuaded 111 bis own mind that be Lad a 
divine call lo prepare a new version uf the Peatroi, ami 
when done hatf to get tbeusslstalKC of a friend to correct 
the grammar, [Mo. 186.] 

Ducanl, P. I, Our knowledge of this versifier is 
conDned to the detal Is on tlie lltlepage of S o, sac, 

Eden, John, pa, b-cfr™ lTSd.andd. in 1U10, was for 
Jl years Vicar of St. Nicholas end St. fjWJiarJ'n, lirlslol. 
lliu version of tin l*salms was pub. posthumously with 
aJtftmofr, [No. sm.] 

Fairfu. Thomas. Lord. cltkstJj. or Ferdinand*, I»n] 
Falrrai. was b. At Dtiilcn. Yorkslilte, In 1411, and d. 
at Now Appletdu, Yorkshire. In 141 L. He is well known 
In history as a general of tbo IluliauKntary Army 
during lite fivil War. {So. 60.] 

Fair, Edward, Of liils vcrslfler we know nothing 
V^-udid the information on the title paa^ cf No. S4B. 

femiaiok, &»!«, b.i>., b. in 16SJ, was teeter or 
ElallAton, I.'pnlngnam, for 3) years, and d. April m, 

1VBD. fNu. 154.] 

TaSde, Ed-raid, )[..l-, b. in 1785, and educated at 
CambriilKs. He -nds for some time a master in a large 
licbiH)! at Ealing, and curite iT Ilalstow. Whilst st 
I'Lidslow ho pill), f 'AhitA itf Jinytaml I'lalHwdif ; or, 
J'ortmiu iff (tie iVcnr YtnivA ffjfljjlsi to tverjt Hoy f/ 
the AlbniA, 9 arl fu the ScruiiKf at Cir<,U»i.tta.vcii v/ 
rwrjr Xunilay Uavvr/liOnl the Mr, lind., Elvingtons. 
1S3!. llic Vrclace It signed " K. P." He was incum- 
bent uf ltuok and Tlenninr/tun from 1S34 to 1919. and it 
waa dnrin^ hts repidetice tlicra that he pub, hla /*r, cf 
Itntid. He is ntd by tltdt ttIhj knew hlta I* have been 
a learned man and a devoted pultll priest. Ho d. At 
Ilurrogstc, Jan. 21. IStl. [No. V J J 

Floaunt;, Eabtrt, s. of Eobert Fleming, a ScoUlab 
Prosbyterlrtn minister, was b, at CAmbualang, and 
studied fit I^yden and Utrecht. Ha was for a time 
minlsL^roran Envlidh ccngregAtioh at I<eydsn, and then 
at Amsierdani. Eventually bo became pastor of the 
Scottish Uiurcli in Lnhbur^-, and was also lecturer at 
Sailers' Hall. He d. M*y SI, 171 C, He was tbe author 
of e*rii((i[eoj, in j vob„ and of the Kin anii.ptol[o/ 
Home Pftpaf, 17(1, [No. 101 J 



t>24 



PSA1TEBS, ENGLISH 



loti, Simon, n.o., b. in Devonshire In 1619, and i. In, 
16#9. He m for tome tlDM Rector of OJil Swinford, 
WoTCwWflJili*, and pub. his version of the psalms In 
jfaS, He wrote dteosively on religious subjects. 
[No. IT,} 

Forrest, Sir TCilliuB, Chaplain to Queen alary during 
her ehort reign, w *e * polemical part and akilleu 
DMlcUDi lie pat, works from cirm 13541 to lilifl. 
Hit ftrffisH* i'MffJmei 0/ fraajrd are dated 1&51, and 
hts latest ne. [flea, it, i. i*i.] is dated lata. Sped- 
nuns from bis "as, in given la tbe .Hgrfy fagliilt Kz( 
sciiCy'r publications, end in tbe German, periodical 
Jntflia. [Ho. la.] 

FrmA James. [No. itaj Tin correct fume Is 
Anp« Jbnca, [See p, HH, t.) 

Frouce, Abraham, a native of Shropshire, took bis 
degree (>-*,-} at St. John's, Cambridge, in IMA: was 
elected Fellow in iflSo ; end removal to dray's Inn la 
I6S3. He wis living in 1633, out toe dace of his death 
we hive nut been able to ascertain. [Ko. 35,] 

Tnn, Join HnoUism, h*„ s. of John Frere, some- 
Use High Sheriff of Suffolk Ami M.F, for Horwlch. *n 
b. in London, May 21. 17(19, 4ml educated at Eton, and 
Calm College, Cambridge (u.a.. 17S2). He was subse- 
quently a Fellow of Coius. On leaving the University 
be entered tbe Foreign Office. Ho waa M.P. f/r West 
Looe, Cornwall, 17&4-1941 ; Under Secretary of State In 
the Foreign Office, 1?W; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary 10 Portugal, lioi, to Spain, lafti, to 
Berlin, 16*7, ajid to Spain again, 1*08. Hi d-, Jan. 7, 

late, (Ko. hi.] 

Gahagiii, Henry, Hi., was a graduate of Christ 
Church, Oxford, indi Barristar-at-l.lv. [Nij. 531.] 

Gippe, Xlohaird, la one of the '* other gentlemen" 
Telerred to iq No. M. tVe know noting concerning 
Mm except that no wrote BDme of the versions In tbe 
He. named, See Fimol* EsTiaon, shove, 

flood, John Xaaoa. M.i>. 7 s, of an Independent minister, 
was b. etEpping, 1£saex, in 176 1, and educated tor tbe 
medical proteasicn. He became y.u.s. 1B0& and w.u, 
1830. He wrote laiwely on medical, theolngieal, and 
clasaic&l subjects. Ho (I. Iir I62T, and his JfeaunVj, by 
Dr. Gregory, ware pub. In 1S3H. [Su. 2220.] 

Oragtry, Oaog* [No. Ho], b. In ITS* ; d. 180B. 

Orjiuiten, Ediubefh, ae* Banur, dau. of Murtln 
BtrufT, or Bernye, of Orlmeuon, In Suffolk, and wife of 
Chrlilupbtf , a. orTlionmOrjmeUini, of yorluhire, pub. 
bar MitctUaiua \a l«m, and again enUrgtil it circa 
1K10. [Mo. 41, J 

Kill, John, H.b,, m b. im IIT19. Me van a (fie 
brmted writer ort anatomy, fee, lift resided At Maidstone 
Id Kent, L*fo. 10.3 

Ball, Xeaenpb. D.t>., vat b. at Aslt>T-do-li-Zuuch in 
1*7*. and oducat*! at CambfUtr. He vaa lucceaaively 
Rector of Ualatcad, Frelieodtrr vf Wdlvernampion, bean 
of Worceetsr, Bishop of Eacter, and Diahop of Norwich. 
In Inly, 1414, he attended Lml Duitcaater into France, 
and on Ida return he was appointed by King Jinns as 



Hie of hi* divines to accompany him into Scutlatld, At 
the Synod of Don be m *pnoi«teil to pniuch tbo Latin 
S*nncm to the Assembly. He. d, In lA5a_ Hl( uyjclt* 



are nnmerooB, and Includa ])]b venloms of Pe- i--\x. 
[No-. *5.1 His IRirfc* wore pub. in Loudon by Ravier, 
1(35, iraaJtCT*, Xngliih, ^ x.] 
Hamilton, Wailam, 4 native of Scotland, b. 170J, 

d, its*, [Ho. isa,i 

Han, Fiuida, i>»o-, v.lm rj. aeth April, mrt, in 
eduuled at Eton and King'* Cvllege, Oambridg«. H« 
wis for aomo time chanloJi)-ft«np[al to tbe army. He 
aubeequently became riean or Worcester, and tlien 
Bishop of Cllkbwt*r, He alio held the Deanery of St, 
Paul's with bla lnshoprlc. He was the author of MTaial 
works. Hlaverslonof the £^alma waapuh, pottbuunualy 
in »«. [N'o. lit.] 

Haie, Jnllu Charlaa, m,a, via h. la 17DS, ehioated 
at Trloity Oolltet, OunlirMfic, and d. In 1 9(1, kc<«- 
innctluti with his brother Aucuatue Willi™ h« pxib, 
tlu celebrated tiiutttrji at Tmt£, He alee tatlatfjl Up. 
Ihirlwall In tiahatatlng Nlebuhr"! IFitieri nf Boat. 
Hla Easaya, SermotH, and other jrablicittmiB n'ere 
numeroua BJld important. Ha was a Fellow of Trmity 
Collegs, CualjTld^e, Rector of Hdrstrnnnceiii, and 
Chaplain to too Quem. Tha following of his f'nalm 
venlons are in C. U. at tha pirscot thno :— <1 J *■ Lo, I 
coma to do Thy will (pt. *r.\ and (3) '■ I/)inl Ood, my 
Saviour, day and ntgbt <«, Itcxmui.) [No, S(J.] 

HaHe, Walter, if.j., b of a tltrftynian, m b, at 
^UUton, ciron leas, educated at Oi-fnrd, where he was 
In soma time Vine Principal of St, Mary Hall, He 



PSALTERS ENGLISH 

*as also a canon of Windser- He d, at Bath in llatohj 
ltt4. He pub, UitUpj tifUieLi/eef Omtavut ji!Mj*t«, 
aod other worka. [Ho. 13(,J 

HaOford, Q, F. 'Ibe British Hugeum copy of ITo. 241 , 
contalue am-nole hy a former owner, "This it Hoi- 
ford's Terekjn," Tbe Hulford here referred to is nro- 
baUyG. F. Holford, h.p. 

Hunaui, 71111111, a gentleman of the Chapel HoJiL 
nudeir Kdwmrd Vl,, aod alterwarda Jdoaterof tba QiiU 
dre^i in'the reign of Fjliubeth, In addition to his PamLm 
versdenaof 1SS0 and lbbG, lia pub. A Handful qf Boney* 
ntciiltt and A Hisa Full qf Iftmejf, being puraphnaea of 
Bariflns portlnnfl of Holy Scripture. SomaoflnB pieces 
are reprinted in £. Forr'a Select Poeirg cAfeJIjj itetw 
Homtl 0/ U« K*pn 0/ fl. JUiiabtth. tfnrlw- *>g*ei».> 
[Ho. 11. J He d, June e, isai, [EogUih Hjmiuaj, 
Early, f Til.] See alto Tarioua, 

fuus, Abler. An American Professor of Hosic 
[Mo. ase,] 

Keitb, Jamn, H, A. Glass, p. 192, asys that Ihia 
veniber " was « bwkielleratlihiewall, N,B," [No, 
309.] 

Xing, Henry, D.D., eldest a. of John Klog, some tltuei 
Bishop of London, was tiom at Worminghall, Biicililg- 
tumabirs, 14 Jpny. 1031-1, and educated at WeatminsUr, 
and Christ Chnroh, QsLfOrd, where be graduated In It II. 
In Jannary lElo-16, wheU Only tweuty-four years old, 
he naa collated to tha Prebend of it. Pancras, lu tbe 
Cathedral of St. Paul's, and also " tbo office of Peni< 
tentlary or Qmfessor In that dihedral, and tbe Rectucy 
and Patrouago of Chlgwell, Esset." In April, 1617, be 
was advanced to the Archdeaconry of l^ucheBtcr, and 
Hubsenuently to the atnecuro Bectory of Fulham. i^ter, 
in Febv. 1*S»-S he was prtiEHOd to the Lieanory of 
Rochester, and on tha 5th Fcby. 1841-3 he waa cause- 
crated Bishop of Chichester, la Dtc. 1411, ha -was 1m- 
prlsosed by the Parllamcutaiy AriUy, OH the fill of 
Chichester. On his release front prison In resided fire a 
time at LangEev, Bucks. At the Restoration be w«* 
reinstated la his lilsliapric si Chichester, where he d, 
Sep, SB, 166S. His Xttrimt VeTttan of tlu J'mtfUS WHS 
nnb. In 16sl [see Eialtata, Elg. fit]; and his /'*fuu 
165J, 1-ttracts from these were tepnbhabed with 
(ld»rale Historical and lSogtaphical notea by tbe Rev, 
J, Hannah, b.a., asPHmi ft Pialmi. Lon. ! PlcJterinj; 
isia, [No. Ta.j 

Laapot, Itaiy, the daughter of a gardener to Judge 
BlcnocBT, of Marsbon, St. La?wrenoe, Nottlngbamshire, 
wu b. In ltK, and d. In 1743. Her f^oeair were pub. 
posthumously In ma for the benefit of her father. A 
second volume appeared in 1I6I. [So. lii.j 

Uk, Utarj, second s. or Henry IjoIc, or I/vcke, a 
I/indqTi merouaut. Concerning the dates of his bin ti and 
death we have ascertained untiling, Hla JUnWii, 
otherwise atft<4 the r>vselisr,vs& pub. in 1SS7{ Licensed 
In ISB3-) [So, 36.] 

Lome, Jo^-Ilnughv^nthejlaiid'aBiapli*U, XkrrniHa 
of, sou or the Duke of Ai^yU, b. An;, e, IMS, ro. 
H.K.H, Princess Ijoulse. ISTi i GovernorjffcneTal of 
Canada, 1878, [No. 3211.] 

Harsh, Siwanl (Jarrnrd, rt.A., vxs b, in 1743, and 
ettneaud at Wadhsm College. OsToni. (da. lSiHL 1 ) 
He was appointed Vicar of Ayicetotd In 1k+1, liai'ino; 
previously been MtnLHf r of Hempstead ClmprL His 
Sixty rt. a.uii Byt., 1st set, were pnb. in 1»23, The 
entJie Buok of Psalms was pub. In 1&32. The "n ed, or 
his ft. * HUt. (110 In all) was pub, by Seeley'a, London, 
ISS2. Mr. Marsh d. Sept. 20, 186J. [Ko. !J0, j 

JEeiierttna a&d Fsrrard, John Foster, I Oth Viscount 
Hasserfeue and Ferrard, h. lsia, d, ISO. [No. 3Q2, j 

Mather, <7ottoo, d.d, a. of Increase Mather, c,r>., a 
Puritan divine, was born at Eoston, New England, in 
ISO, and d. In 1719, lie was educated at Harraid Col- 
lee*, ami was for-someUru a putor in ftoston. He rr- 
ceirwl his n.ji, fmoi (ilaseon- University, ami be waa 
F.ns, (T/Hidon.^ His prlncijial work was /Itristi Jsae- 
T^mNa, m r , an Baietiastie&l Ifittory of Jfew Hnfftsjfd, 
f ran US. Planting in l«ltt la 16M_ He was noted also 
for his work Oft Witchcraft entitled Tlu: ironoViT* fif fAe 
IrtiririWe Wf/rUt, *e„ 1735. [No. 118, J 

Hauls, John, o. Coooetning this vertifi^ 1 we tnow 
nothing beyond what 1* contained on the tttlopsgs of 
N(r. 218. 

sfsClnre, Samuel [No. 361.1. 

Holaren, Daiir], V.a., Hihisbet of Hmitble, Haddinb 
tun, b. at iMndee, and educated at St. Andrew's Uni- 
versity, fbTo. 334.] 

Wlbonnw, Luke, «, of l,nke UUbntime, one of the 
ejected ulnUteis of 1031, He was Vicar of St, Ethel- 



PBALTEBS, ENGIJ8H 

bun, Blshopcgete, and Lecturer it St. Helen's, Shore- 
ditch, Lundtoi. His metrical paraphrase of Thomas a 
KempiH's Mitatitm nf C'Kritt, iras pub. hi 1681 aa S^le 
(Aruttati't Parte™ faraufaiwd. He Is sometimes 
[fT*Jsed ts a critic : but hie note* on Iiryderi's VJrjfl 
are severely fomlemneil by lvpe la bid JyututucJ. lit 
d. In 1 Till. [No. 10*,] 

KolHxry, George Hsrbext, M.J.. «. of Dr. Mobtrly, 
Bp. of ttulisbuty, h, Jan. 3^ 1KJ7, and educated oi 
Chrhra Church College, Oxford; s*a. in IkcnoarB, lu&a, 
sometime a Fellow of hia college, l'rincipsl of Lichfield 
College and l'reb. of Hauacre In I.ichheld Cathedral, 
imA, editor of totte itfitorta Ascfeiiaetfca, aw, Mid 
i&iCTiyks 0/ rAe- Entharitt, 1815. [So. 3N.J 

MofitfOmry, AbmnJer, dial circa lenS, [Ho, U.J 

■uagnTe, QesrgS) K.A., b. in IMS, anil educated si 
Isenuaa, Oxford, b.a.. Em honours. In Is. Toeing Holy 
Orders in 19:19. he vr» Cursts of Marylcbone. London, 
1*24; Bexwell, Horfolk, lfiS; mil Vicar of Bordon, 
Knit, lBJs-H, He o.. JJec. IS. I sal. He published 
several works, Including Ids Ycnjdoii of the PtiaEm*, Jb33 ; 
ifjpn.ut/ai' (i Ahi-oI i'artih, isii ; and utiien. [No. S35,] 

Fatriok, Joan, P.n., won for pome time " Freanher to 
the Charter- House. London/' His /'*- of Dwitt contain 
versions of toe R I>sh», /fcneiMGrua, jWtjjrcf/ca', y v ne 
IHmittit ; a hymn. " Ye faithful servants of Hie Lord," 
No. lv., "Taken out of lb* Revelations," Mid anereil 
nosologic*. Warn acknowledges hi hla IVafntc to his 
ff.of Heviil, lll!j till Indebtedness to ratrict in netting 
lifm the example of ChilstianEsdiig tho r*alm.«. [Ho, 92.] 

Fatullo, Xjuffrot, i native of 1'flrthalilre, Scotland. 
The dstea of her l>lrt^ aurl death ire unknown lo us. 
Her version of tne 1'isllnn im suppiej«Llhy (;er friends. 
[No, KSB.J 

Peter, WflUun, Concerning this vejftlder me tucw 
nothing befund tlie inforniulon oonuliied on the Utlu- 
nage^of hl^ two yoIuhhb, Itm. sip and 3ao, 

Pitt, Christirfhtx, ll. A,, in li. si lUinirtml, Dotset- 
ihirt, 1CB3, ittd d. 1T4B. Hi !r. tbi! ^-iftsij. Bind Vfdl's 
Jrt 0/ I'tHtrjf. He wed edmited at New College, Os- 
fVurd, and wan Kector ttf l^Lmpernej TMneUjhird, [No 
1WJ 

ftbwa, It»iua. [So, lltf.] An Aineilun voreiflpr, 
h< in 1SB5, edncated it Harvaid College, afid fOL' Aome 
tlmeWuliMrof Soutli Church, Uoaun. lied. In Oct, 
UK. 

lUii, Ho, [No- 21S.] We isTt fuiltd to Usnttty 
Mi wrlur. 

Xolnrtt, Fruebi, d.i>„ tometlme Mliil*t*f of St. 
Aucuetlm'i, London, »nd ih*a Heiloi «r Wrington, 
Somerivelaliire He was Auliiant to the Commlssionera 
apniflntcd hy PailianKDt for tho Ejection of BCWlttiluUB 
miniiteni and »eh«ililll8ler», unl -km one of the FTfflll}" 
torian dirineh who protested against the sentence or 
dKith pisiri upon Chark* I. He d. In 1 jr>. fSo. 8o.J 

Bo^aoq, Jihn, »,l„ tcoietioia B«tor of Ektchtng- 
ton,Su3sei, [So, 1SS.] 

Bwifd EUnlKth, n«s 4tnrer, daughter or Walter 
Blnpa-j an lpdepjndtnt Minister, waa b, ne»T Frome, 
Sameraefathlre, ui 1B?4; surrled in JTlfl" to Tliomaa 
Rowe, tlie poet ; and d. In Feb*, 1^3^- Her TorkB 
include ^V-tewWlin ft* Aw(&; £etacn Jfororf tm4 JH- 
fcr*ffr»(Bf, and ««»((* easreisw o/ He JBort (»hkh 
waa revlaVl tpd pub. Dy Dr. WdtteV Her Jfi b j^UEinnuj 
lTOHt*(n PrUi ttltrt VrfH, which INtliirtwi mrnitof het 
hutband'»]Hiemi, togetlier wltli lier JTjwhi and IferiaHii 
o/PtoJmi, wii pub, pwihniiKin8ly in H39. (Ho. 13S.J 

fttwlud, Edwud, b. tirrn 1H3 ( bthj for * time • 
timber merchantls Carlisle, and d. in ibsi, [No.hib,] 

Badlur, Xkhaal rhomat, vu b. at flwvsrldge, near 
Ashbourne, DcTDyihlr*, Jail. 39, ll«» p and d. in 1S34, 
He waa for neveial j«i™ a mewliant tn l««. Ha 
teptts»nt<id Nswerlt-upott-Trsirt, and then AtdbtKoiigh, 
Yorkshli*, In rarliaineiit. His Memoirs, as tftmtirt of 
tit fjift and vrrittngt of X. T. Sadltr, J&j„ wec« pub. 
in Jofy isas. [No. ««.] 

Buidf*, BLr I., «. of Arcfabtsbop Sandys and brother 
etGtetW Sandje, iraa h. tlrai ie*i, and was edqeated 
nnder Hooker at Corpoa Christi College, Oxfbid, From 
itnl to iaM ha was a Pr»Nnd»ry in YorkCtrtbednL 
He waa knighiad by Jamf* I. In 1(H, »tid tubtequenily 
emploftd In State affair*. He a, h if». [ffo, *T,] 

Saskij, Kattb*w-TQU«i r of Coolmore, County 
Tlpperary i b. ti-rca 17»T, d. 1B3T, [No. 814.J 

•jay, lanual, was tbs 8tl««eor of Dt. Calainy as 
nator of a IfoaooulbniUBt eongrtjaUkin In Westmlnstar 
JJIb Poohi, be, wen pub. In 174A. [Ho, 13S.] 

fjsott, Altiiider, [Ho. JOO,] 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 925 

*mrtt. Kobat AUss, w.a., was b. lsoi, and educattd 
at Balliol, IhtfOTd (it.*., IHSd}, Tatlaj Holy Qrier*. be 
mi sueoeaslvelT U«r»te of Sherifllialcis »nd Woodiote, 
ytirupshlre, son of Clraroli Eaton, iAaJtrdsbur, and 
Vicar of CraniveLI, Lincolnshire. Hed- l«Tu. In addition 
to hla r«r»i>iiTa,ss. lie pub, J'arish Ilkyma Jot Sc&ctli 
airti t'udi'j/r-s, lit lull. Two of hla paraphrases are in 
U.L 1 .: — "All gluiy ho to lliee," Pr lis, and "Lord, 
Thou bust formed my every put," l*t. 1SB. [No. 282.] 

Baynuiir, William Ktbr, y.o.. ll.u., b. 1BJ2 ; hr. 
(or Siindn rlind, IBIS, and lot SoutLanipton, 1HE|; 
llevorder ul ^evxaatl^-unon.Tyne, 1MS4, [So, KS,J 

Skumy, Fnuuli, u,l>., id b. In PI 6. and oducoted 
at Lilncolu UuUcgc (J\ford, of wlilcL College bo wa» also 
a t'ellOTF rronj lsiH to 181W, He km ltector of Winter- 
bourne ^teepleUin, DorseUlilr^, and I'erpctual t unto of 
liunilti(j»hnn, Wills, lie d. Mst, If, 1949. His iftni- 
le)4> aarlcntd v>a« put. In mas, unl bis I'mlsitln 
lal3, [Ko, 371.] 

Matyw, William, i>,d., L. in Romereetshlre In 1587. 
lie ent* rod St. Wary Hall, Oifurd, In tlie LemtMru lttW, 
hut aftecnards migrated to lliaunose ; it J. In HHrtj 
Fellovi of Biasciiorti i>.v. in lti£ti and llccitor or 
Uttcidm, Kent, wliere lie d„ Keb, 13,1046. lie pub.. 
In 1*21, 4 /liltoru af Oltat Slit'line, in English o«J 
J^wiii verse, tnnilltion to his nataphia^eof tlie I'twlmg, 
[No, 6«.j 

$Bi«t, Christopher, u.a., was b, il SMplinm, KaA, 
In 17ii. and educated at l'clilt>rt>k* Hall, Cimhcidga, 
••.'litre he gained the Seatonian prlsa for ilw years, bmr 
ornhkb were Inauoceuion. (h.A. 1HI.) ife removed 
to London in. 1753,andgaTi3«aiiioartcatEun to literature i 
Irtit neglecting both hi* prof arty and bEaconstElntloit, he 
bceamo ikkt and i]i»ane, 11b d. in tho King's Bench, 
1171. Hie Feemt were pub. In ItoIb. In ifn. I'rom 
that work *'fatberor light conduct my feet" (ffieim 
tJ'uuXARcfl, and + ' L ^bng of God the mEgiity ESource " 
[(ToV He JiiWiDi qfAti), hive been tjLtcn. [&'o. 142, J 

Smitb, Sir Tbosiaa, iraa born at Walden, Ec«j;.16II, 
and educated at Queene' College, Canibrldge, tibereb* 
became * Fellow at hii college in isai. He was Re){iua 
1'rofeBaoi of Uivil I *w at Cue bridge, and, in lUa, 
Ketretary of State, vben he was knlibted. On the 
downfall of the Ifotectur Sum«r<e[, bo lost his appoint. 
luetii ti Seorelaty of dttlo, mil mi ennhued fn the 
Toner for about a year. But*tqu?nLly lie nu restored 
to Ounrl favour, and was thrice: aniLiHSEALUir to France 
lor ElizaliOth. He died at MoimUmll, hwvx, ill 1577. 
[So. (,] 

gVnytb, Hilas, secretary to Dr. Sheldon, Archbl&liop 
of tanterbujy. [No. US,] 

flpaiainj, TboinmA member at « Ann of wltolenle 
itulionera in tJrnry Lane, was b- in 1B06, and d. Ill Iwl. 
He was a member of tie CviUjregaUwial body and a 
liberal contributor to Its ftwds. [Jfo. 274.] 

Stuynuut, Hinbcrd, vroa b, at Dublin tireu lilS, 
and educated at Unlventty College, Ouford. lie studied 
Law for some tlnis at sumlraTB and Lincoln's Inns j 
but Joining the Human Catholic Cbnrch, he ramoTal to 
the UoaUneiLt, and took Holy Order*. He pub. semml 
booh*) Including the ftrrt four book* of Virgil's jExtiil 
In fngliih hexameter*. IMS. He d, in 1(16. [No. ii.] 

BylTsatar, Tippiiuj, Of this verellleT ws know nothing 
beyond the fact that he joined riuplien WiieatUnd In 
pnbllslilBg tbe fl oflMM, ate., Jn 1154. [Ko. 146 J 

Tburlav, Xdwaid H avtll -Tbnulow, 2lhl B4rota, ntptti* 
of Lord Chancellor Thurlow, was b. June 10, l7ul, and 
d. June S, 191). [So. U9.J 

Tolbt, ZUubttA, d, In 1494; d. In iru. [No. im.] 

Towarl, 'Wllllan Samuel, a layman, concerning whose 
hletory itej hpow noUung, [So. 1*3 J 

ItwnatDd, Owr*, J.j1. t waa b. ll Ramsntt, Sap, II, 
118*. and educated at Trinity ColLrgc, (.imbridnt, u.i. 
1412; it .a, 161(. Entering Huiy Orders In la 13, ho 
became CuralB of Ltttloport in 1813 ; and of Ilireklrty 
1S14; Glanlcal Master of the Royal Military College, 
8andhniit.l81tl; IJomestlc iliajilam to flp. Harrlngion, 
1*M ; and Prebendary of Duruam. i*4s. at d. in Nov. 
1*51. He pub. CLroBviagi&tl jlrrenmmeili qf tkl Old 
and iVfio TtihuBent; AOMtatieniof JlifftT* ttJKlmil the 
OutreX ef Mom*; EtflttiOjWra! Uilisry *d Jfefpn 0/ 
fl*nrjf IV. <tf £nyialld, *C. [No. 244,] 

hunp, JoaspH, u.u., vicai of a pariib. in Loudon, wlM 
d, In 1J4J, puB. a (r. of V*rj(tj .Brplsnffltorj Ji'flfcS m 
Ms Ann- a/>tpi!t; a Latin version of I'aratti't lm(; 
rimjftu ujxw rAi juu*- x<Ht ftf^ps, tt [No. iaa.] 

Tmnr, 'Waltor ;iahn, d.o., V April i, IBM, wot 
edvoaied at Oxford, wbero he gradnaled lp high honours 
In 19a», and became a Fellow of Oriel OoHegs. Alter 
holding some minor sp potptmenta, hj* was consecrated 



92G PSALTERS, EXGLISH 

Bishop or Glasgow and Gallonay In 1B4B. Retlriug En. 
185», lie in appointed. Up, of (ilbraUar in l«*S. Kub- 
BMuently he t™» Hector of Asliiugtoii, Chichester. He 
d.Oct, ai, ibs7. I!* van lh* »nihnr of BtTtnil worke, 
Including the S. P. C. K. /}>(*«« <h«J pejpeli, kc. {8a. 
!EU,] 

Turner, Baptirt JfoaL it. a., b. in lias, and educated 
it this Onkboni OimmwLr School end Kmmannrl College, 
Cambridge. He "A3 Rector of Denton, Lincolnshire, 
ind of Wing, in Rutland- lie ku also for * lima Head 
Master of C«k>>am. dnnur Seixxil. Ik d. May, IMS. 
His memoir nnd jiortrait »ra in Nichols's llluttratiimt 
p/ tin Niittff of Literatim: in tin! Watiteenlh iTnfiiry. 
[No. 'Jll.] 

TltHLftf, Iluilli SI..V-, FomotlmC a Fellow- of Trinity 
Co!l*se, CuubTliIra, was b. ill l"0t. II* wan 2nd H~ ran- 
gier sfld 3tailh's Priiciui-l. [Xo, ISt.] 

Uahtr, James, Fmo the t!Llai>age tint the Preface 
of lilj I'orslon [No, 3i«J »e gather that Usher was 4 
layttlltt, w'Jio, with * limited education and little or uo 
preparation, began hit paraphrase on tho lath of Aug., 
and completed It on the loth if Dee. 1»23, 

*Yerategan, Bichaid, A Hoiniin Catholic, J. cutft 1S3S. 
[So. as,] lis was possibly the iditorof the 1SS9-1SU-1 
Alnir, printed it Antwerp, whert I"! was it tint 
lime, and tlit Prefiici of which Is nlijiKMl " R. V," 

Viatel, John, b. Iri London, 1SH3, educated it Oxford. 
*ii for sometLiDeanueh^ JntbeKhnol of Christ's Hos- 
pital, and d. lit ISIVi, He ujis a virulent writer u£ifn»t 
the lioyjilliU, and spin d no una In his sell. His 
.OigIn.Hcl'1 HalUlayali for Olii's firalioui Benediction.: 
mUL tumt Ptatmt of David in Vent was pub. in iftii. 
[No. 55.] 

Wheatland, Stephen, flf this versifier u-e know 
nothliu beyond the feot l'wt he Juined Tipping jjyivester 
in publishing the I't. if imvvl, fcf., Hii, [No. lie.] 

White, Jqojl, m.a., »mctlmca chllul " Tiia Pitfiarcb 
of Eh^clwiter/ 1 ^hftr* lit wig rector fur +'J yaare, w ia b. 
lu 167^, fciirt ■!, 111 1G4H, Ilfl wan ana uf the <?iarical 
Assesiott ol the WeiliultiMtr Ass^mblj' of Divines, 1S*S. 
Ilia vtn.lun uid pub. jufSltnnTumly ht l«r.(. [So. bi.] 

Wlaeluitn, £Uunm, A wleunnoii UninrHiUit 

firenctiti "ho jolnisttrttl In » di»]H!l In lMtlcoAt tans, 
joiukm. In 1174-9. His Ytrnlu?i i'is «a the basis of 
the teachings of tlie Unirnmlhitt. olid tpMiillj &ft the 
um of tlsil community. fNo. lftt.J 

Woodford, Smm»I, !>,[>., li, In London, 163«, irui 
eduiraLcvJ at ^V'Aiiliam Collage, Oirorn". He wat foi 
■me time Uecti>r of Knrtle^ MAOdit^ Hulls, jmd Pre- 1 
beuJary of Winchester. Ha A. in 17DO. [No. B7.] 

Wottarn, Bit Htuy, v.\„ K In Kent In 15**, And 
educnttd »t N't* aihI tt ^tisen's Cullejfts, Opioid. Alter 
(pending nine yein m tue dull Intnl. un hi* Tetum he 
hecmsie ewreiaty to Hnlwrt, E»rl «r Essex, nMUi wliom 
be lonlinueil until E»mx >h comuiittcd f<>r high 
treuoti, vlien lie retired to FJorenjce. riirrc lie bcconie 
known to tue Grind Duke ol 'I'nwmiy, and was seat by 
hiss, in tbc mm! of "Oc^ivlu Ikldi," h'IUi lolteta id 
Junes VI., King of Ueocland, in which tlsc kin^ tm In- 
Ibrmed of 1 desiga ag&in^t bis lib. Gn gurcaedinn 1-c 
the Enfjllali tbrnnt JnpjiM knitted Wotton *nd sent iilm 
aa amb&6fiidof to toe Republic of Venice, La 1423 lie 
ivefl mwlfl l^aveat of &on ^hiving previously taken 
Peaoon h a Orders), He d. i:i lean. Hia n'orks inclnd? 
The Eiejatnta trf jirdtittcturt, 1'ara.Uel between th* JSnrl 
HfSstex and eke fluke of Backtnpkapi^ Besay an JSttif 
wdm, *o, His poeins and otbrr matt*" foun^ In his 
MRS. were pub- pwtblimoualy by Iiaqk iVslWn tn US], 
w Rtiiqttits IPojJottittmt, Thla I™ l)sn eercral times 
reprinted, [No, 7S.] 

TnS(Tllln, fiuub, o.o., somrtimt Archdeacon Of 
Clevolatul, h. ftl 17M, edncited at Mac/liilctl and Trinity 
Cdllegas, Cunbrids*, and d. Dec, 37, 1343, [jj . i».] 

WEtajrham, WillJui, a tndesnjiin of Louth, lJncobl- 
anirc. Ho i. lb 1131. [No, 5SJ.] 

Wjtn, Sir Tbuau, b. at Allingtoh, Kent, in 1603, 
and 4, at Sherborne, Dorset, 10th or 11th Oct.. I*«. 
He was educated at St Joan's College, Caiubridg/'. He 
waa knigbled br Henry VirL, and ill cent tiyhlra Oft 
FiTioB» embasalea. His Smf j ami Hmvttt wen pub. 
with tllo*ft of hlB frleiid, th* Earl of Surrey. Uis 
Puttieal WOrkf were nprintrd by it, Bel], i99i, jmd 
are aMo lududed in the Atdint Petit. [No. B.] 

Tcnnf, Bebart, b.a., siye on the tillerage of his 
Tenfoq that ho was ''fonnerty Classical Tewher, 
Olaipiw, latterly lor wins time Mlnlttcr of tiia Free 
dumb, Caiplelon." pfo. ssj».] y, •£, B,] 

PeaJtara, Vereiona In. English, Ji\ tl>e 
tKt^qe4 list of C-ompJcJeaad Partial YErsitJua 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 

of the Bgok of Psalms in Enpligh (Including 
tlw» pu^i, ID Scotluud and America) not Duly 
ore all Smown complete versioua named, but 
iilw such partial and individual versions ns, 
bcraiiwc of thtir authfirsKip or merit, ure of 
imjKrta.noe, mm also cnuoierEitcd. As tlif oldor 
vcretoitB are s*ory difficult to constilt, wo pivo 
bere tbn most ftoccssiblo works ivberein ei>:ci- 
mciu of the various, jwrapbraeca tuny lie found. 
These worts, togi-thor with their Index Letters, 
are : — 

A, SOett /*aoiiiiJ in Verte. vfiti. Critical Remarkt. 
Mif Ifitlwp Jjytyth anif Othtrt. lUuttratirt tf fjie Jlcttu- 
t iti <f Si*c«i iMc'r?- London : Hltdlird. la 11. This. 
work is by Lord Aston. 

F, Sdtct ftiriry tftie/y BtroiKWal- p/ tte Ffian 0/ 
$uee» MfmivfA CeilrtfaJ and £Uit«t /or TAe Vii'Af r 
Society lig Bttwani Farr, Esq. Cambridge, mis. 

0. The Mors qf ffcc Pnikrt. A HUif,r9 'if ike 
Nil-fieal vtriiimt of Great jiritaia (md Amtnca, frim 
i5iB to laes, Jfy Aetiry jiresondtr 6Jajj. London, 
KegAn i"aul, ims. 

B, J 1 ** y'saliaufl a/ teal firifjiirt, Jlecords flto- 
(TrttjAicof o«4 J.iferarji a/npioanJi o/sne ^vxdrcd «nd 
Afly a«(fior«, mfto *JW nenoWeiJ ii* tu\t>lt iirmritnf 
The JR»t «/" I J «fli»" in*> i"M^Kifc l'fi-l?. K/Jfl ^J«l- 
fflenl <!/■ (M itifferest lii-nom, osd o, pfflfraj Jftfco- 
ducitim. By John Hol!*nd, Ijondon, Groombridgs, S 
vols. lBta. (See p. UBS, i.) 

1, JntAolapui IXtrfdiew. ISte. Sec n, 72, iL 'Ibis 
Is by Henry Latham. 

In addition ttie various editions <rt Cotton's JSiitbm$ 0/ 
tin AiMs (imJ iKtrts lftirti>/' in £)tfJi9t (2nd ed., loli) 
should also ba consulted. 

List of Complete iin4 Partial Vertiom 0/ 'ft* 
Psn&is in iiiflltsft/rom 1414 to 1389. 

1. lilt. Tooaua Brampton. Psraphiase of the 
iftosft Pfnifffl(ia( PmliM. Edited with Molffl Jor the 
J'erry jbcietu, 1942. [ji, p. 106 ; and H. i p. 71.] 

9. 1IJ9. Itilea OoTudale, p. 2M, i. c*os(fy Ptalmci, 
p. Ml, i, 

J. to4f. Joha Qn>i«. Thirteen I^siImB cr. in Iho 
Reigtt of Henry VIIL Edited by Sk Alaiandar Croke, 
fur the Pitch SKltTy, 1SJ1. 

i, itn. Baary Howard, K*K of Surrey. Reprinted 
In the A Hint and other editions of Surrey's I'oevu. 
<Pa, *!, ?3, Hi.) [H. r_p. Be.] 

B, 1S1L ftoian EflxabitlL. Is. 11, at the end of 
A CmKj Jvciliencfoil <[f" the Chrlitlaa (llB^ ic, by 
MtCgiret, Q. of ITaTSrrs, and translated hy the rriftCcSS 
EllMtbctb. Eenrinted in tbe Appendix to Cuttulla list 
(as above), lesi. JT, p. 7; H. L p, H*.] 

0. 16M, 0. V. Steriiold. nineteen I'sutnu ^ 2nd ti^ 
1949, 37 l'Salma. See Okl Veraion, S II. 

1. 1M9. BeVert Orowley, p. tTO, L [0. p. el.] 

*. 1M9, BLr Thomae Wyrtt rib J ^snitenfull 
/>ilf»«j rfmtioeft into J?jipE{jA autei', EepTliKvd in tin 
Aldlue ed. Of WyattV Jfaepij, [H- I- P- *!-] 

S. IMS, Bit Tbomaa Snith. VeiBiun of about a 
doten pulma in 1 ue. In tbe flit. Mns. (J*n?. i> -+- 
stiff,) eutitlad Orfji^nj I'nlniu or Smffaet of j.«unl. 
IraTHJnkd into iT«^ii(A nietif, oy £Kr rtomai Smith, 
JCnight. thai j^risoHer* i"w rAe Ibitte^ a/ JLoiidoH ; with 
affler Prayen and Smguei by kifa fflsde to jar tfts 
Cyme Uera. 1SJ4, [H.T. p.iet.) 

It. ISM. ttSa Hall, ir.s,, 13 psalnu In his TOt 
fUKr£ 0/ l-^uj ; eontotoinff swtfly ^y or i^i^tirai 
Am;!, ftMitwEii, fM(j[i(K, inIWi ri«d Short Smtw.ti, 
at well of Jfoly *riphire (U otHerr, «if(A JfNijc Jlfotar, 
JT.p, lte( H,i.p. 178.] 

II. 11(0. \KUian Hmmla. (Sea alao Vo. 32A 
CrrlaifKe Ptudmrl cfiotmt o»( n/ (Bi Ptd/terof ftlTUi, 
(Htd (JrairHil /orth. inM JJfJffJyMi irtiUer. {T. p, 143 ) 
X. I. p, 163.] 

17. IIS I. 'WiUilJti TarMat. kh. (n the Brit. Wua. 
(A4J7. 17, J, «f.) frtr^yH^ fiahnct .-of Itavyd in 
Mitatre, added to wolrfer ^er>uAoffli^, and oothert, 
in William Ferrate, 1151. Tbia li dedicated to Edward. 
Duke of Somerset. [H. i. p. leij 

13. I5H. T, BtaniboM and / , Hapklna, Jrd ed. of 
(Sfl-irioM, Id which 7 version* ty HopkllH are added. 
See Did TartioB, j ii. 

14, IMS, Jfltn Bab, ?«. 33. in* 133, appended to 
lis Expfttvtstim, or »ttwt«m(« oynMU( rts oTiujins- 
mffi "/ » y>BB<(cpri*il «t Bamtkyrt, 

11. 1K1, Fiuda Baager. 1$ psalms TcTalned in 
hia Certayst Psalmet leieetaut tftai Ptalttr sf ItftvO, 
anj Srnin into JSitD'ljiS* JUUre, «rftl Jftaw (o emry 

; j 9b!ww in «^ to A^ior. oy f, h & [H. 1. p- l*e,] 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 

II. MM. Asjio-eenmn Fuftv. SetOUTwutoE, 
$ nr, 

17. IBM. HUta. Hoffirde. A abort treatise In 
nulre on the I29lh Psalm. 

19, Ltlg. Williun Eetbe. In addition In hl» vet- 
ftinlii noted nnder (I, 7«*ioi f Mid Swttiah HjmnOdy, 
Uiers is one of fe, 54 printed lit the end of JoIjii Knot's 
JjiptMrKion, (Setp.6M, 1.) 

19, KtB-tl. I, SteralieU and atb™. Sc* 0U 
Ttnadm, <i) iv., v. 

M. 1*60, o. Rittliew Fttker, ?. 983, i. [G. it. 6S.] 

31. 1W1. Aagto-Qeaevan Flitter. See Old Vei- 
•ua, $ in. 

24. 1161. SteAioU and HcpUm. Tba uompletfl 
XngliA natter. See Old Version, 4 t n. 

23. lift). Htnu Benin. Pi. 103 and 112, in bis 
t'ODl^JrdttJ* BpisOs 14 IJic AjHttttii People ft/ Cod. 

21. IS?*, gqcttubFaatter. Sw BmttUtSjTuiwlj, 
v n. 

ss. lgag, John Pit*, T.™paalma, [F, p,jB7j 

»6, use*, JoknWoddertrainCqv.}. 

2T, isto, u, Sir John H*nii4fk.=, Vonsfvn of the 
P&alins- in lie. in the Pouw Collection fn the Bodleian, 
SbBclnjem In litka ed, of tie JVttfte jt«K<jt!K, 1404, 
{*. p, 114.1 

£i. 16H Lady Xlixabatt. Tjnrliitt In Let Iraet 
KsrnUhj and Evening ProiKI leitA riiwn Fiiliu, 
Bjmitr, nird Jftdi(oiiJBS. 

as. 1571. Geofga Qaaeajgft* (p. 401, 1.). Pa. 130 in 
his A R-rtadi tdi\ tSodrii Jitnoret, ic, 

30. IIS). BleWd Stmyhint hbnr verniona (Pa, 
i_-iv.) at Hie end of ills (r, t>J toe J?nrfrJ_ (Specimen in 
H.I. p. 1SS. Copy *T ILe jfftjfM 1n tbc Bodleian, Tin 
version* wn in Eniliah bexesMlera, 

31. 153L TViWaai Byrd. jftrfiuf: Ptalmtt, Sm- 
nrft. and Snijwo/ &ftJnm ami Piety. [F, p. 311.] 

31. 1SU. William Hiuuuz, (Se* &l» No. 11.) 
iSewn SUn of a Snnwrful S»ft! for Sintie. anaprt- 
Stndfng tlmt &w» Pnumei «/ tft« i'n'neeP re Pniiri 
fttffftl) cominAtita cftllid Pairitfitthtll, *e, , 1 5SS. Copy 
Id the Brit. Mn». [F, p. 143 ; H, 1, p. 1H,] 

H. 1567. Bit Zhilip BOatf, ind Uuj, OanntoiJ of 
Ftubrokt rt.vA 

M. 15B6. Siohmid Bottuaa, [P. p, 34*.] 

3S. lfiDl. A1w}uin Franjioe. Elgnt veraioaH ia 
Li» Tkc Comittis ef PdAbfaicfs Jay ^ftuf^A^ tatd Efco- 
tissl, [P. p. lit; H. 1. P- BEfl.] 

ja. ISM, Kgntr Loe> iSiiiMtiTf l*»srj>n n/ Davltl. 
(rtwifattil inU> writ, st iri^fi yari xtgnijifatitly at the 
tope qf the tott wfl! airjer. (B*dlflan, 16Si.) Also 
ffljrfu»wj*(f, tOarmie called the PrtscKcr; containing 
Sabimim's Sernwns, or Gawneniartet {at way ftrolablu 
be catfatefi), vpm tAs 4S Plaint of ^tufd, Mtfntker, 
Ac IiWHlan: PJcb. FteM, lit), rr. p. I3*t H. i. p. 
113.] See His.) tbe P»lltr H^iltiu JfiiriJIanuf, II. Il!l. 

3t. 15W. ltitiml Ooionuth, cij'fti iht. Sum* 
select l'Mlmi. [F. p. 4t«.] 

33. 1*00, «. Bb Join DuitH. Hta ^WffJ*hrt(« of 
Iv. ]-iii, «il j ft* utheiti retutrisd in srs. until iSTe, 
n'lieii theyra* included in Dr. (Tiwutl'fl «J. of Dtxit&'i 
foetitsl wbrtf In hU Puller Worthitl' falirtirx. 

39. 1S01. Xoberl or lUibud Tmt^u. o<Sii in 
Imitation of tkt vfi Ptntunttol ttaltui, vtith amdrji 
oU*r Pf/ewtt and iJt[!i« fonliHi? "> dttotioh nnri ju'flly, 
Bir-K- ''■ [H.I. p. 13I-] 

40. ISO). Henry Bed- Jfitrt'eaJeeMr'iMtiyrwMiii 
Ha!*t, by " fl 1 . J>." (.rimbridfe fnlveralty Ltbraiy) ; 
■Iter. Al fft* f MUmet <y /hLBfd, wf^ri rerfciu ^bn^Kr and 
castieles of Jtbwt, IfebGrv, end otAtrt, fls( fortoitrUi 
ratonl/*r Sw, Ac., IMo, [J. p. «* : O, p, T i ; K. T 
p. 2IS4L] BtetlsoNrv. SO. 

41. HO*. XliaUtb Orjumt™. J/bctIT<inn: 
EmytrJ. maitdiiicmj, Kimoiurratj. In (Ws are Odei 
lAimirJntitm.VtheaniniPinu'fflil^riJJI'Hlinff, {jicuen 
tcKcroJ ttinde tf vtrtt. [Tj). 1 ih.J 

41 IMS. AUxuJar Xestctibtry. TS< MtiiJa 
JfiJ«Jfa: runlaiifn'Mp csrtajJK ftuJmiJ rjf H* Jtitg^tit 
/fujridc Dauid, ajpptytd M a fleto mtit jilftmnu Eutu, 
wrft uni ifertable to terns «k tktc ii rij^u^pr^tidiflted 
(AtTtisili. Funneen versloos. fH. i. p. 342.] 

4S. MJ07. Si, Junh H*IL a*ii! ftu of LtaviXi 
Piatma nekij&raml in wire (t^-jt.) In Ills Worts, 
vil. p. ]«t. Bro edition. rH.li. p.19.] EeprMed In 
Sirjier'B ed. of Bp. Hmll's Ami, laai ( In F»tn Hill's 
ed, of the hik, 1839 : and In Dr. Orourt'a private re. 
print. I A, p. 36 ; H. ii. p. »,] 

41, 16t). HurrAiunnitk. Tli Amite if Malawi; 
Ea^?iU*^«i toili » prow ami JfrJic. Prtnted at Auk. 
itirdim, W, p, 70; H. 1. p. 34H.J S« p. M, i. 

41. lfllS, idi Joan D**itl, ri HeMfirt. rhePenl- 
Untltl faalmgi, printed u Um "Jfokful Dov*." la hit 
JfKfct Surtrtw. Reprinted in Grostrft fJKrtKj mr- 
thitt Lit/rni-}. 



I'SALTEES, ENGLISH 0^7 

4(. U13. Bir TWnu LaffatoiL Seven penilenlhl 
Paalms in Ills Kara, or iajMnlarliOHJ of a .Sbrtvur/'ut 

4t. 1811. Sir Idno Smiilji. f^/lie Sets;) Ptalat 
of ZtoriJ, aird Others, [H. 1, p. 1T1.] 

4«. 1B1J. DtTuJMamj. A PeraptrdwoCrs. Id*. 
iteprinleil i"t tb* B»nii9type Qnb, IniJ. 

49. 1S19. Garage witter, Preparation, fo tie 
PtaKer. Reprlnicii in tlje AnM 1 .5nrffl«'( reprint af 
K'ifJlci'. &:( aksn ^o. it. 

it. iaS0. Hiuj Dod. See No. 'D. 

Si. IflSfl. 0. Ihwitofl, T. Deidiod, T, Bry*n, ft, 
Qjppi. V([lims liy tlUM four tftitera ire given in * 
hj. In tlit Brit. Mus. (Jln)-l. 6SS01 pntitled Itimrt 
M?«<KiJ Piafmf <lf JJKur'it (in Vtrtof of a ditfrmit cow- 

£1^., tfcmftaed, and ofnfrocnfjfliieti. (Jt, pp. 31, S23, 
249; F. pp. J1S-I3T; H, I, pp. 33S-U0J All the 
IrsalmH of the tmo FJaviaooB, wltli HpedTDenB of the 
otlter writeiB, And alta of T. C^irey + are prfnleCV ttmh 
another Ma. 5n Bnioke'A Edition of (7tfu ^«fcA(r , p Loud. 
(frlffllh, Farrcin, 4e,, lasa. 

52. lens. fw>ej« Bmou, <Srtaim ft»Fm*i f« 
Terse, fcprinted tn (Jrosurl's fuller Worthitt JKr- 
C^KHlVf. vol, l„ 1810, [H. i, p. 1H5.] 

63, 1680, o. Earl of Oumberlaiif, A MS. In tie 
iknlkiiii, Paed'enJ Translations of some Ptalixt, and 
the Sftrtff qf BilomoA, with other Dirine Paant. Jty 
that (wiMf and Ttlipiout SmU iww tainted in henva>, 
tht right h/moi/Tabu Bi*«f Ejirlt of CjiitlWlflllil, ie, 
Slstpeai pfialma in digIt^. fH. ii L p. 269.] 

91. MSI, itPK* X, SeefJbW, AUHSnitr, p,a.i. I 
■nil BMttith Hnuudr, ) :t. 3, [0>, p, T4.1 

65, 1631, John. Victn. ^Bj^Bnrf* /fliHtftJal/w 
tfa(i> liratitHi BtHM&kti'm ; wifit ww PraJma o/ 
JJatifd in wr«. ITlncteen i-eralons, IH.t-p,lT4-J 

fit, KS2. Qmrg* Witttt, <v v - (See tin Nv. 4*0 
W* Ptafwf traiulatfi into l&rfe Vtrtt, n<or4m3 to 
lilt trope <fftht Original ; ffiiri !U-UttrQ*fl ic{th « Mori 
Arrnmtvt B)i(i o ririrf Pr&yer, or JftuJUflffcii, Jjfnre 
uuS artBi- (te™ Ptnlin. Ky Gem^e IVither, Impliited 
in the NetWUnile, *c. [A. p. 119; O. p. T(; H, II. 
p. 11; L.i>, I,] 

o7, IMS. Oenge Herbert, j. oil, 11, Seven vrj. 
slnn» in riiyloin'e Almif j?m*. Kepilnled In Cnstrt't 
J-o/ler Worhiet Library, 1PT4. tHT I, p. 2Js,] 

«. 163S. John Doom. J 1 *, 1ST in b[« Poemr, 1*33, 
and Later edltiftna. 

*9, 1B3J, Etin*a«llHtcli«T,p, ffl*, i. SI* VcTstona 
In JtrtireHtfufef appended tfl nla FnrpU llland. [A, 
p. S13 ; mi H, Ii. p. 16,1 

40. 16H. BJcbaxd (Kodiidg*, A I^rapliTaae of tbe 
wlula Fuller, and additional rcnloni of mtue Ulna 
■ S3 pulms. [H. 11. 53J 

81. 16SB, Gmrjs Buidji (q.v.) A i'aifl.j*ril« 
ifpeii tSiJii'iJ boe*r o/ Ue Ptoluiri o/AHid. [A. r- 13 ; 
Cf. p. 13 ; H, I. p. sen.] 

«Z. 1B31. AlHUjrjnilll*, Tbe Peatma la Metro, 
altered ftom the OJdTirit™. 

6S. IG9S, B. B. TSe Ptalmet of David tlm f>"ii>g 
and 1'rophtt and <tf atha iofy Pruplfr*, .pfltBpnroittol 
f« £h^uA. l f^y^errcd HrfU the Hebrew Tffit^, arljortt 
&jr^. .irtai Jiontanm, together with tki Latin. 6Ycoft 
Syi(Brt(?C«t<, and (ftarJTss Paraphrate. By E. J. 
AAtdon: printed iv Jfoifrt ybunj t ^or Pmirnc fbn- 
fiabff, niM? are (*> r>c sulrJ 0^ hff afto/t under il. JfdrltVf 
ciiirrA, flftire Ltniffiii, isk. 'fhe ■■ P_ B." Is acine- 
tinK* mid to iriemi Rohtfi tivnaaoy (Mr. Taylor aop- 
porte tlile view), and at other tloi£a Aic^avo, 3rvi\- 
Kaite. IVe Iiuto 110 evidence »'W«li enaWea «» to dpddt 
fiw ehhoT, JiiidnintHcareitmojien'meition, [rj.p.m.; 

64. 1GW> A Hotterdim Tenuni, Tht Jfookc 
Ptalmet in Sngtith Xtittter. I'risiedfor fte*ry Taltl 
BeoktelUr, KetUrdam. (LaniMli lihrnrj.) (ffl. p. So.] 

ES, 164). Tba Bw Paalttr, p. IIS, i„ ind imtrl- 
ai Hymruuiy, } 1, [G. p. 61.1 

(B, 1M0, AunTmani. Panpunse of the enlkt 
TulniB. In the Bodman l.lbiaij. Specimen In Cotton'1 



c of 



Appendix, p. 148. 

Udl. Frtnda Rout [RouaeJ. 



Set Seottiin 



Hyumodir. [Gji. sj.} 

S3. IMS. William Blstrar, PtaJmrt or finiffi of 
Him, mJS, reprinted as The Pfalmei of Jim id. ta 1 
ZAflfllsoei and (n 4 Paid J A* to y Tuna itf our 
Cilm-dl. £y IT, A'. K*3, Tn. l,-*iil. In HfitHnw, 
Greek, Latin, and Uiiglish. [X. ■. 303-1 

6*. lMi. F, Thmiw, fas .sanE'i sbfmi i» rintu 

0/ »oub!(, Miiwfcd aaf 0/ (Ae Pialmet of OSxiii. (3rd 
ed., HM.l 

74. ISM. Wiai»m Burtom. Se* p. lit, II. £ff. 
p. 3?-] 

71. ISM. FnuuU Bflbert*. rla flSsto/Praiwr, 
it. Aftenwda emtodled In Wl r?fl«'l ^iWiftHdn, tie 



928 PSALTERS, ENGLISH 

Sato He Bit!*, uniKjtiflf rte Atefteri TVuKury o/ the 
Jfely &rtnfttTci, 141 & pf, 11. p. ea.l Bee Hh. SBj W, 

74. IMS. Join Hiltni, p. 787, 1. 

to. 16-16. Zaehary Boyd, p. 1ST. it &. p. Sf .] 

74. 1*U. Eiohaid OnuhM, p. 169, I. 

79. ISW, Seattudi Piatter. Authorised edition. Sea 
Boottfjh. Hnuiody, 4 ur. [0. p. &0.] 

II. ISM. Hit England, TttcFta}eit,Him*l,a,ad 
Spiritual S»jr« */ (As <JU Hud JVeirt TfcilftnaU , /iliti- 
JWly <m»tl4Ced fn*o -BtfitoA KHcr, Jar tie £ttf faUiMt 
an& Chu/iri 0/ tt< .aWnfe, fn -P4tMu: nite! FrtHltc, 
eijwiaTly "• ■**" Bijfmul. Jjnutbrn, ^■tnWd /or 
JtlcAdtnJ OiilH-dt. fl[ Hit imtf and Craim, in St I'aul't 
Church Tard. [JJrll. Mm.] This ma mainly a revised 
veiaion oi Emu's Ftalttr made by PueeWmrt minuter of 
Hsrnfd College, Richard Lyon, and thirty others. It 
had i large circulation and »» in e stefisdve. nit for 
many yeara. F&, p. 91J 

17, 1630. Heiry Vauahai (q. t,). 

TB, 1651. Bp. Henry Kin j. !TAe CmIbx n/ Jtaoid 
/root (ne Jftw JyasiFiiiimi ijf JA* fliNe fumed fnfo 
Xtettr. w tie ntni; Ji/fer Me Old Itatei «iwi in (Be 
(.'tturjmi. [©. p. TO.] 

W, 16H. Mr H*Si* Wflttm. Fs. 144 111 Jtcfiguia) 
Wfttomatin. [A. p, IBS ; It, 1, p. 29*.] RrptLuUd in 
Dr. liannahto Court*? f&efi fnm Xaleigh to Montrose. 
Ardlne edition. 

an. 1691 : o. Thnau, lord Fairfax, the. Portia* 
memary General " not only Terethed tire rulme, turt 
other parts of Scripture; *hni It Is probable' nays 
Granger, 'to wen navei thought worth prifltlns;.' 
The Ma. or Fairfax's version cf tbe FmIdh wea unmeriy 
In the Museum of the excellent Ralph Ttwresby, at 
Leeds, as be telle n> In hla JlHcaiuf J^wUenri). p. 510,'' 
[H. II. IB, note.] Ilils ku. passed through the collection 
of the Duke of &aaaex into Out of Dr. Bll»», A detailed 
account of II is given In the Preface tc Cotl<m'* Hditioni 
of ihiBibie, ibss. 

si. 1SS1, Jehu 'White. Daoitf'f Ptalmt in ,<ftlr*. 
PrfrifoWj to Ue JVetiiew, to Se *hiW in irfuai niflff, to 
Me tuntfit nftiu-Chttrchei of Ctfdst. By the Setoemi 
Mr. Ml VThttt, Mintottr of Soi's Went in Derckttter. 
JjhkIib, printed jy A fo'fjj'tt /or J. JtoJAiwt, at tfa 
f»un([H'n Anil J«r i* (JuitttmitA.'j /TotD <H Cn«ll]llidc 
16U. [0-. p. B3i H. II. p. «8J 

as. lews. Henry Uew Ftv« vnelnne la SH«I 
Jfujni n/fl new nw^aKoHf 

81. 1664. Atrthm €ovley. Paalm LU 111 hie 
/Um'deit, and wtln in later ede. of hia Ptxni. 

at. 1BS1. Buuikl L*l|n. ^aimielfi Primttiv.or 
An SUay taimnU a Mltfittl Vtrtim if Ott vtlulc Ilaik 
4/ ptalmzi. Cbxtpottd mleit atleniiai KtitA l*e (lit- 
ddiunbi«i<iiii ciT(iimlfutl«j o/" jfout^ and sialniifu. 
By Scmsct lyeigh, kt. (BddLtiin Library.) [H. II. 
p. IS.] 

«A. lftlj. lord Oehnin*. (See also No. m.) 1%; 
JteciUt t/ the Sbitl. oh JUtcittt Must Uvardi ffwrt 
fiMu«. an'iiji j-arajiiHUft mi ifte Fifteen Ftaliw of 
Dt$rttt, written in iUJian ty We lUtiiltiout &io. 
AwmiHi l^msifciiiD, d ndMe Fsn^djltl, 1IH, JUItdefAJ 
lata £nffM*h, Anna Am., 1CCS (ffrtt. *«*. «d. IWl^. 
In Ute Winfl wluni? thera i% n]» Dy Ijinl CJnlerAlnf , £d 
ftnla ftrn+J t «r « *o/e o/ BsMifioiu, JfurtmJ anil 
Gradual, Being Itetcanli on Me *y««Ol PjoJnlt o^ 
jfejrw, t* JTetfe; utith Amtemptafnmi and c^U«if 
upon iJwBi i» froK, lilo. [A. p. US; indH.il, p. 6a.] 

B(. 1666. Fiueli Kobertt Hla ClDTti Aiolicrwn. 
Tie fcey 0/ (Ae Bible, unbeftfua ft* JHcatst JVaituiT) ^ 
Ue fl«y Stripttiret, appeeredrn lUBand 1«*» wltbont 
hfa Tetkooa of th* nalma. Three were added la the 
3rd id., UBS, The 1th ed. ia dated IBM. A few copies 
of the raslaia lied previously been pnh, encaymonily 
and In a senani* (Jim •■ The Itoot rf Ivaiut. Tile 
m klfntlflfd te tlut woflc of Bobnta liy Jfr. A. 
Oaidyne, «f Hackney. See alts No*, ll, «. [&. p. &».] 

»7. 16ST. Bp> iainrjel WoddfuVI. it IvrsjiAraH 
in EKalUh Tern, iipos Ue Bn/ttrf He Pratotx, oy Ann. 
SToodfoni S It, £ Ileus, la In the Brit. Una. (Hurl, 
17«S.) [S. II. p. M.] The title of the 1st ed., 146?, 
was, A. Paraphrase itpcn the PmJuu flf AinU By 3am 
Woo&fbril. Aafldsn: iTifited is B, Wkittfor Ootaown 
PnHm, near Ue Fnntji. fn £i(So flw*nfn. The tllle of 
tie ed, of JW* was mucn fuller^ ^ furiijAt-OM raw 
f*e Ptalvt* of DavQ and (ha CbnXelf, wi(* &<tt 
Jfymn* oftXe iAd ^nit^nir iBifannent, to wAicA if added 
iKCOMianiai CaanpatititHOM in Prric B]f Samuel- Wood- 
Jont, B.D, Printtd ana Sold Ay Saai-ucl ftWt,' at tie 
yiiTfc'i JBflil in Jlevt iSft>Bei. fft, p. a* j 

Ba. 16fT, Xaiy Veade. Fonr TBrelona af pBainui 
[q Voxtfind'a AiTwihnue aa ano¥H (13, A2, fq, LSov 
pt. fl. p. TT.J 

8*. 16B6, Mllta tmrtb. JHat~* c/' JEftij fttrid, 
ParapATwedand tnntsJ Vrrio .fifcflifft kt«, ocwrEUnf 



PSALTEE3, ENGLISH 

14 ttt Oiamum Metre, at they art ntaalty trnug in rarith 
W*rclmi, l$,_D. tit i S. il. p. 51 ; L. p, lis,] 

M. 1670. Lltd Coktaine. Sea Ho. BS. 

41. InTD. Fraui* Zeberta. See No, jil. Tie 
Complete Psalter In his Ctavit Jtlbliorvn orthlii year, *w 
Clavie BibHerux.. Tne Key of tin JtUHt, imtxiittj 
tie riohesl Trauury if Ute /SiJji jlcrijiturei, etc., waere- 
ttitto are added tAe Metrical leitioit «f the vrkott Btak 
of I'lolmet, nmmtdiaitlv out of tli* Hebrew : Anrl the 
Analytical Xtfvsitiot) a/ every Psalm, Ibo.rth edition, 
diligently rtttutit. By Franeis Soherit. [O, p. loa.J 

TO. Iftfl. TohnTatriiik. Ceniory of JJetect 1'tatmt 
fat the Uieoftke Chatter Nome, 167S. Expanded into 
Hie CDrUplote 1'Mllit m. The Ptalmt of Davitl in Metre, 
L6»l, with the Tiintl tital in Purith VHxreliei, IfiSt 

TO. ltUO. JluIU Ohamhsrlayne. J Sicrri .Pom 
On (Ae iiirtn, Miracles, IkalK SjmJrur*, JteiurmtunH 
and ^lEeniiuft dC t*e Jtott ^(Wy Jtim. jJao ^pAtem 
0/ JJauid^ J h in{mf h ^am/AiuHtl; toe fAtrernfat^iinf 
0/ JpnaHtaA , r luaii Poem? ontfertrol Oeeaefonr. Jjondon, 
Copy in tbe CambrWse VDiVtisltf Library. (H. II, 
p. 80.] 

94. 1662. Richard Qoodridei. ThcFlatteiorFsaint 
Para^hrat'd in Ffrte. CornpTcted pd., 1<W4, 3rd ed., 
less. [A. p. 34 ; O, p. 101 ; X. U. p. 53 ; 1. p. 44.] See 
also No. EK, 

MS. 16*3, John <Kdb*m. fajjin 131 in Ms fl™ami, 

9e. 1617. Join Hoi™, Tma venlom In his A 
0/llti-Jinn of XUaiianitt. (3rd ed,. 1*99.) [H. II. 
p. es,] 

97. 1666. BixuHi Jotd, A imtf F*r*iwt of tie 
Ptalmt of Davitl, in Jfetr*. Smooth, jjIjth mid eacie (o 
Inc iwut orJiiinry cajKicitiu : ty.ft'num fbnJ, D.D., de. 
[A. p. 174; O, c. 193; H. II. p. Si.] 

91. 1689, Vimum TiLtnt ffflJnu. J7ynttt, attd 
fjjirifrrat ,9mish, in Iwo J^arCi. Xdlnburgb. 

95. 166R. OIsiIm Cotton, ftalm e In hla Patau, 

pr, il. p. m j l. p. si.] 

lot. 14)1. Benjamin Keaolt, p. 616, i. Serenteen 
vcrslona In his Spiritual Jf^ody, 

Mi. 1691. Eolertlleiiiina;. SeTwalP*ilmiilln?r*?ly 
rendered in hie The Jtirrnr 0/ iJiuins /jam t'nnir^.l, i* 
a Itetital mraphrait of the Jtiah ami Myttertom sang 
<f Mlloawn i M'hereuntfj is adaeda Miscellany at Smrrat 
other Poant r sterol atuJ Jriniie. Jy flohrrf ftratino, 
Jan., y.d.m.^ leti. [K, u. p, ie),i 

102. lBSIt, toelund Baxter, See p. 116, iL [0. 
p. lot.] 

103. 16M, Binial Warner, A StJeztisn train the 
Ptalmt, tompoeeii ia two Parte, A ievUIqh of ths Otd 
reniAK. 

104. 1664. Jotmlta*™, Seep. 716, J. 

IDS. 16*(. 9. Suite and M. Brady. ScalTavTai- 
aimt. p. 71)9, ]., and 7aaIteTa, SofUah, d xiti, 

n>s. 1686- Luke miteurne. The t-tainu of David 
in English Jletre, Tyaaetated frvai the QriffinQ\l, and 
euzt&f to alt the f>m«l now rang in Chnrchee. By /^nte 
MilbOnrne, a Fretnyter of tie Church of Briffiani', 
Deetieatat to Hie Hlglneet (A* Date Of GUmtttttr. 
London, printed 1 for W, Roger* at the Sun, J7, CTaeeU 
at the Peacaelc, anil B, Ibsfte a( (Se #t<(dle reinpte ffate, 
JT«t £tne(. [fl-, p, 1B9J 

ml. 1666, /obn rbflllpa, BowitJof. or A 3peeimen 
of eome of David'i Piatme in metre. This wor^ |e 
nilidsted itss. 

iob. ZT09, Joeepi Btesutt <q.v.) F». 4S printed 
ivith his vereloo of soltmun't stuff. 

lot. 1766. 6amualW*il*Tr(g.v.') Six in hla Piout 
tMnmuittamt ; and otliere In hla Life of Christ. 

no. 1TH, Jamee Olbha. Th* Brat bfteen fmlnn 
o/Uatifd. 

ill. 1T04. Ohariei Earfjy. The BoaJc qf Piattne in 
jftti?ltti jnire, rA* JVeuKt Vm*™ fitted h> tae c*m»- 
Mon JWWi, /jsrufon, nrtnted Jor TAooui JIdriiJkwsl, ol 
tl* JfiMi ditd Tftru CTinrni in Cheapiide, (O. p, 1 10 j 

m. 11*06. Balil Koaartt Jn iitiny hmrarde a, 
rara/Arast on rAe /"iaJra* t» Eitfllitli Firie. Hi tehieh 
is aided a lViraphratt on the third ehdpter of Uc 
Revelation. London, U«. [H, il. p. 127.] 

113. 1701. Samuel Oebb, Three venlona in Lta 
Poanl on Several Oorationi. fH. II. p. 133.] 

114. 1716. Jaaeph. Addlaon, p. 16, il. 
US. 1716, AioiyBoaa, Fa. 2* in Teree. 

IK. 1711, Bfr John Benluun, p. 667, f. [0. p.S(.J 
117, 1716. Dasitl Bnrajeaa, p. 164, il, [0. p . lll.J 



119, 1716, Gotten HaeW. Pnlteritm Amtriea- 
ttiMn. 3Me Book of Ptalmt in a TVonslaMon Exactly 
ooKfarneei win (Se Onjiiiei: (ul all in Bf/Dit VarKt 
JVft«if unto Me fune* oOKmostf ttted- in our CHurcJtet, 
wWrtimre offieriitff it acomnponied tgilh JHtulfnti*nf, 
dipa^no /or Jrtttdcn Trtatttrtt in if ... . Whertto am 
added tontt other portion' of the Sacred Scrivtvrit, te 
tnrkhthetantioMl. BoMtm. *■ JV. E. [«, p. 111.] 



FSALTEBB, ENGLISH 

in, 171* luu Watti tq..T.). 

]». 1TM. Stain hm & lit, ii. 

1U. 1731, Bn-RiehirdElMkiiMrt, p. 1M.1L W, 
p, 1H.J 

lis. ITU. Ritbud DukL (See ifeo Ha, 1W.J 
A JUnydiraie on Knm* Sd*ct Ptalmt, Bv Ac xaertiti 
Jfr. Rithanl Daniel, mui o/jTumjIi, du cAdjrfaitt </ 
kit ffrao Its iftnl £4EHtenanJ. i/mdon, .PKnfod /ur 
fiertldTKl LiniM, bctiKEn tfel lfewile £afft>, in Fteet 

arenas, rg, ii, p, mi 

I2S. tTM. TtmjMl COMJ. JUgbtwn thtbuhU In bli 

in, 17S4. Tubal, FmJdib in Yerw selected fbani 
Addjaini, DrDlani. ta„ In Jit Amy Tor wwipofiiiff a 
flanawny htmai (J* .PKrtBU, and eww paw gf JIU 

19*. 1717. Tritn Eton. Two renloro Id bis 
Amu. [H, Up, «p.l 

196. 17*7. Siohiui hnU, (Se* also No. 119.) 
The Seven penitential Fcatim u Toe Boyal Pautmt. 

117. ITU. Oaorg* Acwood. Tie exii. fa. Faro- 
pArawS it) Aifliiai Fine. 

JUS, 1734. JshnAutw. F». 194, 1ST, in hit &tmi 
Ar^ltttrK lannrnn juOrtnkldM ttrtit mttriea. 

1 w. (7*7. Join Vnln, 0*nnisl WeaWjr, jun., and 
m«JH Tr«i«T, Gee "Waaler fnmllT, 

130. WW. WiUUm luur. ft. 1, it in his 
Btavem on Eartk, or Tkt Beaaij ff Motinat, 

131. I7M. Blobud Ltnhjii. Pi. Ill, 131. In hii 
Latin and fitigtiih rcetu. J>s a CaUieman e/ tit 
Vnitcrtity of cstabritbi. 

132. 17S9. miueatt Eom. Several Ttrton 
In >)«r JtiMcUorUEui TPorto. [A. p. US ; H, li, 
p. 177,] 

133. 174*. Bmirtt B*yi*. Fs.4,«,In IiH Fixity 

at Tdritxu Qo&tioKi, ind lfi H. IL p. 19v. 

134. 17W. *jht tempor. Vtrkjng Ixi l»r Pnrau, 
rub. tuBthmogmiTiii 17 te. 

131. 17», tipidliT. Ps. 97 Jn hii ftrnl 
156, 1746, William KutUtu. Ps. eb in hii JVkhi, 
■no. in H. II. p. 18$. 

137. im (JbtUtafiartUt^- 1743). Reprinted In 
Anderson and Cbilmeu'i inKtJi Ante. [1. p. 3»; 
H. U. p. 193.) 

138. 1T48. Janrai tnpp. To lie Sri ed. of hla 
TJWtfJidl irjjort iris Stair Hut TMisot, 1749, lie «J*d 
parutorasea «* three, rwl«a. 

l», 1719. Tbma KkvoUMk, p. 144, fa. 

HO, 1710. Tbomaj Qibboo*, p. ***), 1. 

141. 1761. Bunml [eoipetlHies Hmtj] Pita. Tie 
SwtofPKiJiiuiH Jfclrt. [O, p. 118,] 

lis. 1711, A»»yraol. Six ifiwoUi in B^t.fttt 
Ad tUe rf (*« Omirr^ation in Orry s^« Sli-ere. 

143. 17(A. Tfthn lmu4, J Jfw l>r«ioii <2f iht 
Ptaimt iff IktTid, ItfilA utMl-a! iftlHTH owl ^ (is OM 
Utid JVe» Ifeibbiulni. ^[i«t to M( IKn« m«i m (i« 

JAtrMe'uwl. flmtoB, *.«. printed by J. j)mj>erj/iB' r. 
inm((,i(t«)TtiliU. [J>. p. 11B.] _ u 

144. ITU. Tbonu <h*4***. [H- 1- P- !».] J 
JMctteol rramf<a*m <[f J*# i>«I»t ^ J*"fM> /™» 
Atctafltm'i lalhi (fl(o Bb^hA F*r«. J» I** Jtm. 
TAflUU Ono4K*. Etctor tf at, Tianto^f Pantk, BaitT 
mort, Maryland. Bg ptrniatm of Uu aatunart 
CbrtliBjij. lAttHtm, wiv.UA fur Mti. Ann Owfoct, 
at wdit, f* Amn-sdsiWT*. art* told ^ *. Winn, tn 
lMdasU Hilt. [0, p,ilSfr.J 

14%. 1714. taiiihrtb MM, F«- W in Her Fc«« 
e» Anerof Ocauivni, lc. [H, tl p, I99J 

MS. 17H. Btopnai 'WbuOua «d JSpmut tMnt- 
ter, rlK Pubtu V JJaui4imt«io*ei info Htnaic VW*!! 
in aj Xittral * Jfewwaf J»vih ojrf JfrfrsV)iJ( ttlftttf. 
/4nd«H jirifttHl fir 8. Eirt in Jn JSUry ldfl«. OJtd 
J. Bwcftlmld in -Paitntmfer Bow. With Atpunenti to 
CKb F«»lin, isd EipUDUHT Hates- Dediated to HD> 
BflTSl BWumum, (Jung*, Krince ol Wslsi. tie., 353f 
SteAeii wbutlul »wl TIpiAoe Sjlvnt<r. [A. p. «4 1 
0. p. 1SI ; H. li. p. 117.] 

147. 1714. Awsnuoi. ft). 93 In j< {W, ?f ^Sd. 
/» Ac the of tit ctafT&atnnt in JWftrps>^( J*"i*i 

143. I7H, nOipJDaadrfdf*, i, NWi i, 

HI. 1TW. KBTXuttn.p.fia.t 

190. 17H. Bp. lMMi» Attn. Jt Jfit* £ioCitA 
JVwukKtaii (|f »» 7*i(imyii?«i »« Original .Efefott, 

ndiKfd to JBetn iy tt* (dl* Jfuiop Bitrt; Ay 

iThnutf JHiiMrJ. JT.A, ^««« ^ Clari OaOtot, (3m. 
knamt, CVHfrrfo^r. printed sir J. asiiftom. J°rfH<»T 
to At Dklnrity. /or £. JM, vn j4« iliMK i*t«, I«t- 
*»- [*>. P. l«J 

»1. I7H. B*iit b «1H .> t >> 

in. 17»7. Attwjmnn. A FurjphruKi of ft, lit, 



"Hi 



PSAXTEB8, ENGLISH 929 

143, 141, 130, IJ, i*|, 130, if an. "American Qksb.11*. 

1H. 17(7. Tknua Pline*. f/u /wjIibi, Jlynnt, 
and SbWIimI An^i tf Mi iWd and Aiiu JitttanenL 
faiH/uHy truiuialtd into 4VlM Jfetre, iirinj tilt 
JVW* Aiftaitd ^Htln-Ank Jtcoimt HB<i Jwjrro™!, oy 
Ob fhdWsaKi* it^tti' a jfif timrgr jimt'/jafA fa Ue Vta- 
tpitod Original, <Ur iccli JH to &t Hultt I'f Pvttrg. jy 
T. Privet. Button, It, S., prtniti by rkmar an3 
John. FUO, at lilt ^flrt unit Dwi ir ComJuTJ. 
IldB nil » KJrijlml Df tbe 1» Fjalblr, p. lift i, 19. 
p. 1SS.] 

164. 17». town hnwiifc r**Fi«Efer in id Ort- 
flifia( Jlum, or Uw J/ooA- o/ P(a)»lf rdHtfd lo iinH, 1'b 
an. $atj, and Familiar mjlt, oBiiBJrinJ <yzJhmI; vtr« 
*a (TiBjmif Jfttwir« ; ffnwwrifTjj /«■ lie n«t aart (o 
(is Qrifinia FAnrt.at tvpputal to contain mcJCai«n- 
twiM, vr jfinn AtiliTt nart jjf on*. H'HA arpwnwtl. 
etc, iotJrtm. j<r(n(rf /or r. LmfDMan, tn Poitrnnia 
X<m. [O, p. 114. J 

Its. 17W. Ami Steele (a.v.y 

1H. 17M,i. WDliiiljJilitlEiM* P*M. rA, 
p. 13*; H. II. p, Ssi,] *^ 

1W. 17*1. Juuiaftbi. Me HrJ! J'^ffetwPtahiM 
tf David, traiulaied. into Lyrit Vert, bo. [H. II. p. 

Its. 1761. fobs feobm. T*< «r*t BsoJt «/ Ue 
FiaJm V XtamM-, TVantialcd isJc finfliiS Ver« «/ 
Heroic Htssurt,wiik Jiynaittitt irnd A'cui. [H. U. p. 
M8.J 

IS*. 1TH, Kn. Vmutu. J't. it Byt. by Ml*. 
WBmrton, and ed„ with Jj^wsJi*:. lit. Mils ind i 
V but Ibe hoflt stenu n«v to be thiLbowu. 
0. 1TB*. JkUH FuMi, p. H4, L 

16i. 1TM. JunaJCitrist p. 7U.fi. [O. p, 134.1 

161. 17W. Obilitopbtr Smtrt. j iViiNtluiun of 
tit Jfjfllmt jf JWvW, atu«]j)riil i« t*e A)fW( i/Cni'ii- 
ciattilji, mtj AiaptaJ to (hi JVfitfni JBnufct, ^ firir- 

JBoll, tVtn6Wi(j«, atui Schstar tf Hit i:jtivcrii(y. ion- 
a\nt. /fCitM tyj)rj(i(t> ioitfrjlB' tit auuor. [ffl. 
p. ise.] 

1G3. 176*. OUitapbir OoUmA *ml T. Tins*. 34s 
Pe(eJ«H in Ytnt, dmishtd at an i«jtri>mlin™( on Oi 
old vtrtiimt of Uie f&arrw. Tjnlillii, A Jevl^fln or 
Ecxn'e Vtni™, 

1U. 1767. ZiCnuud FrotHtut Dotol Fulttr. 
rli rtarutt <jf AiuhJ, ltfiift Ml TKn Cnvnnavdmmtt, 
OrtnSr ienTt rmytr, rie. in JftlJ-f, /ur (He uis of tkt 
Kcjbnwd ProUttant Duteh Ckurck qjr (Ae City tfStw 
lorH. J"*™ Fort, pntttnl by Jinnee Parker, at Ml 
A» PTinHnfl 0*«, in J/ffliir JStiwt Tbit la 
m*Jnly ftom tat A'em Tirtion, "«me «f tbe Pnlm 

Inlng tnpecrilitil Terbitim ciiien ilured » li to 

Bl than to tJbe Marie Id Ibe Dutch Cbucbtt," [O. 
p, 117.] 

l«. 1MT. Joha JBunltr. See Swttiila Eysaoty, 
fun. 10. fCt. p- I3t.] 

161. 1T49. awnt Soatt, I"** Aaleu in JKtm. 
PriMUlT jKintftl in EddDbnnb, 

1S7. 1769. Aunt StMli(q..T.y In Aflb and £vAqi> 
Bspttit Scttclioii. DristAl, 

169. 1779. Jniu HunlL t&, p. 12! i H, IL 
p. 930.] p. 7», I. 

14$. 1TT6, Jola Orflfle. ti, i« In ~Bp. Home's 
CoBii»mlory cm the Hk. at Tiilnw, PrerliHBlf in 
OgflvlB'a FonuMJU. 

176. 17W. mom Brown*, p, 136, I., vbei* It It 
noted Uiatktai puppturBfiCB prevloualf app^rvdin 17B3L 

III. lTlti. AiunTmom. SmirstJ (Mia on (ns Ftalwit 
efjlavid, PUTapkrincttJrOnt tUt Original JK*tiSvp, 

172. 1761, Ba^iaiia Vflliaau. Tht flout (jf 
PKltmt (fi iVafuftfteiJ, fafneArateil, or JMitMut ty 
tome tf tin meet flui-ntpt B* fifth, rottt. *it. : JtMitw, 
Slmito-lf, £rady, Jt. (10 phe*" In ill}, and «w™i 
iMAtri. JHd adsptti ft CkTit&nn Wurthip in a form 
The matt litotly to oiue {Ktisro) fSntit/mttoa ,,,,,, 
Bgtitti}. Wtllimt, Stditbvry. f^rivtol and vM- Oy 
WHl'tlJ and JUhnnni, JdJWCtXiTJ, Ylrliivs veraloiis aT 
each TbaloL are Elved. There are BSFecml anonTliKiaa. 
Probably «OM of tt6M we by the editot. £** U Jtiriia 

Ira"!™. WJUian Ocnrpir, p. **s, i. Pi. »7 In 
IftaPormi- 
174, 1T«. ^totfcmll, p. 164, i., *ml lootUcb. 

Anwrlou Hym- 
nal Terdooa ia 
[A. p. 



IthuwJt, f Tin. *. rp. n. la*.] 
ITo. I7«. Joel S*"W, Sm 



■HIT, J , (7, t (7cdr«fiu:rioiiV 
lf(. 1767. O*o™ r 



hii if . of Bp, LdHbi ft-. 
St; uflK.1l. p. 7U,] 
177. 1797. (r«a» Odaum 
boh Wvrftt, 



InbliMiKtUanttmt 



T«. 39 in blant Te 
[H. It p. 236.] 



930 F&ALTEBS, ENGLISH 

176. 1717. K*», — S«n. Two Ycrufcin* In ,»&, 
ctllantvat fiesta tj n CsiSjruKm i>/ jYurWlil*ti)[«i«iWr<;, 

119. im John Bylud. p, 963, 1. 

iho. 1790. Thgmu May, Three v«rsA<ju3 In Me 
J'wnu, [H. ii, p. 2&S,] 

191. 1791, Klthaaitl Cotton, p. 161, i, re. 11. 
42, in liia Partou J'itecf ™ VerM, it. [A. p. 44; and 
E, l!. p. Jsi.] 

152. 1TM. Tbe TiotstaiiBi Version. The rulmi 
^ David. A jtiw ana /j*/>™b«£ rerstan. IcncloR, 
iit-fntaJ/or J/. ^'riflsiFtf (idle Trapp), 2'aiernoater ifcw, 
rtirri ■/; JftlUiewt, in We .Slrantf , -iirar t'ftrtriHjr Ows. 
" ThliTersluii was made (hum a Inraniatkm of the Psalma 
by John Artatn TJngsUdius, i>.i>,, Vrntefsor of Oriental 
I.anpuifira it tin University of Upsal, by command of 
(Suatavu&lll, ofSwaden." [D, p. 131.] 

193. 1797. William Har™, p. 717, i. 

164, 17B7. Xlkwua WimWlw, Tkt Psalms of 
David Tct^/ieif /iwm aJTew JVaitarnti'oii, anil mfctjireti 
fu Christian WmMp, Fnrtici'larly intended far Hit 
ute n/ j«cA Cftn'riiam nj indent in the irn £ venal nmd nit- 
frOHiUletl /Jiue o/ ffHl, ffla»{/ia(ed »tl(0 "J! Hit fatten 
ereatartt b# Cftrirt Aim. Lojiifjin, pritttel f'/r this 
Author, arid ioiti by JiHitfti, AV lfr* Worfnrfsditoft, <6s. 
[0, p. J31.] 

1H5, iBOft. Timstlw Dvlgbt, p. 316, ii 

I9A. 1*00. RoMrt BlLrOt, J. at, I. 

197, 1(01, Joa*ph Oottlt, p. 261, i [(}. p. 133.} 

IS*. 1401. Riahard DiuabtrluiA. A Poetical wr- 
li'oji b/ IfeiiaM .PmJbu o/ David. 59 veralMia. [A. p. 
4a; a 11. p. 199.] 

19$, 1*06. ArumymOiU. A Coll. jf / J M&ni/roi» 
carimU aOWseC, «i(fc (out* OrijJitwJ). 

lfld- 1206. Inlnml Hjddtfan. Versions and Imi- 
tations uF the rValnti. 

191. ISM. Thobai B&nttii. J jl'flt rfflfmijfftl 
Jtllm fa Blank v>r» wpji [I /JltiB Ytrsilitt of itie 
EigHt\ Ptalm i> Jfcnir. Vsfat, oj (tc lliv. ThnviBI 
Dennft. Vitrate vf ^^nurf, ^amejr. J^mebiv ^i'ij^fti 
/ni'/. While, Ko™«s J/emJi f(«i Sdwt, Ifr, t>. IM; 
^,it.p. K*.] 

1»3. lftW. JolmBt™. J Vem'«t<ifI4< fwj™« or 
jCldrMl, a(^»yjffiJ ^ to ^widy awamnwdij^i ft* rt« 7I?J=^ 
<y" ^^ijrfittTti , r uurf fld^j^Hf, h$ wxrittv qf manure, i't 
Ail Iht Untie WSSef ift zA# Krffnti 07 ^emA^d Pnrt 
Hopkins (in(j (j/ flrarfj/ fffld Svtt. ttg a Lay Xnnbcref 
In* t^urtAft/ 1 fiMliitut, 3rd (id., 14«. [Ct. p. I3i J 

153. lall. waiiim Bumutl T«ikti. A. version of 
the Psalnw. By Iht FftlS William Sbmuel Tmcirt, Em. 
Printed at tin vtiy particular request of Ltixral a/ tit 
Aiitbor'i/i-icnds. L0ild<ilt. [Q, ]>. 13B ; a. il. p. aS4.] 

lfi. mil. WilUus atttit, p. Ml, Ji. [0. e. is».] 
i«s. IJll. ishtrt Wolltliy. J .C.Klicii fira- 

sArosc o/d gdect rurlioit of ilm Ifotk of fxalmt. [H, 

It- p, 27*-J 

194. ISIS, Rolert Bmlald. The FttUnu ijf JJHuiri, 

[ff, p. 140 ; K. II, p- TJS J 

i*t. me. Jolm Boirfifr, p, lee, i, 

1*S. 1K9- Zftnrd H. ThmioTT (Lnd Timlow) 
Pi, HS in Oie Cendeman"! JJflfffUilH, lai*. (S' i^ p. 

199. 1S20- Juan irtlipui. r*< Pwltnt vtrtij)t& 
Dublin. 

290, 1630+ Bauy lfln*a, Twenty vbtbIqub in Ma 

Jfii^?giadjfar eiK^jr Sunday and ffaliaajf ttti'Oitffhout ITljf 
Tear, rjl. II, p. 191.] 

1C11. lew, O. F. Soitird. Tilt Eiiak of I'xUmt in 
l'sr.if: wtiii a lAorl fSc/AltUIM'y Fttfoxt ta «»c* 
Faaisi, laAxn /n™ 'A* ffiicti 0/ Hyjifiitl Wrilcrt an 
thf T*9alma, but ch-wjtff /mn Bitbop Home's tbwtmeit- 
tti-r)f< LuruLim^ mW (rjl Jliiitnabina antl JTerteflfLnti, 
iVinlod 4w Ue ^'AVfrtnAhr^^ff Society, St. Gwrye't 
Ftildi. ra.p. 14.1,3 

101. 1830. Anonjmoui, Atlttitvwsi Fsalaody, 
domnrlsliiK mtiricol veraluns of mure tlmn 39 ptnltne m 
potlluni of p»liii% toKetlier with him™, ly varloiu 
unnflimeJ aDthora. Eillnbnrgli. This wta an unpub- 
ILshCLl Itraft< and is noted nndetBcEittiaiilbra3i44ty, vi, 1, 

20a. 1920. Jamil Zinuiton, p. SDI, ii, I&, EJ, 
11 In Ilia Hatred Mfitt, 1910. 

SIX. 1SJ1. William OaUirell, Tia Sajfc 0/ praitet. 
rlfi fan? mi, f.r fin: ml ftfet o/ ate Rui/ai J'tnimifC 
Oaeiii, okd! tJfttTi, (As /^Tjjlsft n/ AAouah, IB nelrc. 
[B, p, US ; V- Ii- p- »*,] 

3BK, ml, Baail Wwdd (!?-».). [0, p. 14S.J 

ma. 1K1, Alemnder Bertt P», l. 41. in Sc&thY. 
Verse. Edited by Dr. Lajn^. EJlabureh, privately 
pHnbed. 

107. I«t2. Thomaa Dala, p. *71, I. 

199. l$iB. JuUt Hsnt^smaiT, p, 7W I. [0-, 
p. HS-3 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 



20». lS!l, 



amJ retoert, less, 
110, 1SJS, JamH TTlhffr. 



Air fcLn Etwilo^ Fa. 90 In hla JfiilM 

^4 JTew Ferifra of tkA 

Pailnis; principally from tbe Itxt ef h'tihop Hivms. 

Bit Janet I'tber. lYmted and I'ubiiihed by tit! Author, 

JtdcWey Strett, Wliittehvptt. [ff. p. IIS.] 

an. 1621. Bp. Itichud ltant, p.7U, i. [O. p.H7.] 

5U. 1S24. Saptiit Hoel Tomer, Suijjijf *rfjmaj 

&*iwir compressed in faaeral int& Two t*arts, or J'nrtiojti 
(if I'f&lmodtf i GQHtprising their FY&riltetir. /Widttiett 
and rrintipal tfanttiej, 3iu Jjapttrt jvotl Tiirntr, 
X.A., ,tc Ijuml, Kivingion. [a. p. 14C1H. it, p. 31S.J 

113. I8S4. William Emu, p. 630, i. Hia amff* 0/ 
/trae! OlitLlJlH 19 Vi-relens uf PmIhih or pmlkina of 
PtalBJS; iiul 111* JRJrjj «fZintt flsls) 6 Tcixiani. 

£14. 19SS. Sattbev Bankey, J >*eis Version of 
til* I'Mlvit of Bv.rvl, daiicatad to *«= JrrWjij*fl|> if 
CO&hel, Jtff MattkoE Sa,nlc&)f. £ag + JV^pftrf^yr f, <inj 
J, Ritingtani, ffl, p. Ii*: H. It, p. 31S.1 

E^. 1129, £iwud B«yuui<L Tie /'soJdu ^ 
ftntJ. aCltnt^Ced in rerK, flcipJai*, Jm^alar, in Me 
waj (jf iiontpArKiJe, 4c. J)a &aex. A CUrammn. 
[G. p. H'J; E. ii.p. 315.] 

si». 1327. John Kauli, A Ifevt Ttrtivn vf the 
I'IBllltl of David, t/y John MiUle,X.D. Hatlbaroitglt, 
puMtilitJ III W. W, Luci/. [Ct. p. 149,] 

Sit. 1327. Ertllgtlioil Hagaadnij fui 18ST, p. Ill, 
a Vwsluo ol Ps. 9. 

£19. 1327, Srt. RauL rfte Harp of Satt.Hi> Bji a 
T&tlll, !EdlDbniTg^L. 'Iti* Coutalna veiatuufi of EeveraL 
I'lalma. 

Sl». ISM. William Peter. (Also No. 23S.J Sttcrnl 
i*nji ,- tsinji Jtt [illnnjil to iVj-ojifiraw or Imitaivm of 
mjme /vrifom and I'mmJ/et of thi Ftalmt. Txmdos : 
HldK*4y, Olfttsllii {3 VcStbni, IteisauGd la ]B3i 5t 

!Stt, 1823. JtarffaretPfctulIa. J*ef7flT/rfini f'td^tT, 
a .1cm Versiim of Tfte J'animj £/ tfavid, taifltJdttli for 
oil nettfWLir'alirint qf CArittiant. Eclinbcrgh. [Q, 
p, 10*; H, Ii. p. 319.] 

HI. 1«». William Winrtanley Hull, p. Mt, I. 
In ]iis ftrfl. rt/'/Vajwr*. 

ajl. IBM, Sir William Kurt. Timm ^tlt^ni In 
th« H*t. William MhIt's Sister-it «/ [ft* »uu «/ Jlonv 
allaiit. (Sec alev.p, 777, Ii.> 

liia. 1823. Jalui Haam tfiwl, V.d. Versdiinfl of 
FM. % 11.49, SO, 110, 119, in his tfevtniri, byDi, O. 
Sfegory. 

!S3. 1839. William Wrancqam, ,< JVaw HHrfrnl 
Ytriion of the Panliai, adavtej to Devotional J'urvoia. 
[S. p. lSlj H, u.P 320,1 

s^4. 18W, Harriet iuiwr, p, 80, il, 

225. t8B9, Bn, C. Taint, T*. llllnrftt; (\uJW. 

E-itL 1131, WllUnnHil*yB*tliurat, p. 117, ii. 

S3T, 1831, Al£nd Bartholonifw- Sacred I.vria, 
an a^ftftirf to render Ike Ptalinx men applicable ta 
Parochial Piatvtodg, [Q, p, 153.] 

Kb. 1831, Bp. Waller Jolm Trtmr, J Arm 
Metrical Jtalttr. Bg A CieiWlliati 4^ Ifte fafabtil^ftt 
filtl-fft. ReptitttBd.lflri. [B, p. I5S.] 

m, 1K1. X. D. Jaakaan. The Cruei/r.iaA mil) 
OMei' JViewtt. Jj « (Si^jmtiiTi. /jrfuijti, :*jl. Tiiis 
ixnluias Vensiana at 14 P^salmt. 

23*-. ISM, Edwaid Garrard JTanh. STA« to<* ^ 
F9a!mt trnnilitai Site Enaliih Vtrtt, and iU.utlritel 
with Practical end fixBlanatsrsi yrAit. fO, p. 153 : 
H. ii.p. 313.] 

231. 1312. Hanry Oabagas. A JUyne Ytrsim of 
the Lilanv Psalms. [O. p. 1S4; B, ii. p. 329.] 

233. 1131, Amnymqui. Ten versions ill the 
Brii Irh, Magaxfae, 

133. 1133, AOODTBUDI. Tb, 89 In ih* Saturdn$ 
Review, vol. Ii. j>. ^1. 

134. 1$18. Charlai Bnlth Bird, Forty -hvij fna 
TeTelctne in nii Seer onti fi^r-j fl.nd o^aar poem*. 

135. 1313. 0«Araa Hnafruv. rite Jtocdfe 0/ Ha 
/"wiTdu of David, in Brtgliia, Blank Verse : being a JVenj 
Poetical AmitlgtmeHt cf tht Street Songs of Israel, Jts, 
[O. p, ]SC; E.IJ. p. 330.] 

£34. 1131, P. J.DiuuraL A rarapirate of tfl« 
PidlMi, eaecuteJ in Blank verse; v.ilh atoict attention 
in ttlt fi'Qttt and CotrnitnlitrieX of Biitiopt Hartley, 
florae, &e, fly p. J. Dttairil, J^, Ijfndon, flnwii- 
fem, jHtfrllriSit 0*. (O.P.1ST.] 



Bartrum, p, US, Ji, [Ct. 



[O. 



23). 1133. Joieph 
p. 1 ssj 

239. 1631. Henry Trancii Lyk, p, 7M, 
p. IfiS,] 

S3». 1134. Waiimm Pe4zr. See So. 219. 

140. 1131, H. A. S. AtwAod. A trail Vertdm of 
tne Boob of rtdhns adapted ta tfte pavpote of Colore- 
notional Ptalmudy. tit) Hit Ken. JT. A. S. AiimtoA, It. A,, 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 

Ctamtfe nf SenUvmrlK. Cosentrg, jrhattd for the 
AvQtvr* to. p. 1>T.] Se« also p. SO, 11. 

311. 1831. Thoibu Junu Judnii, J. 6116, ii. 

HI. 1684., Thuuu Diekun, /WajAiaSfJ OBii 
■Dymtt. fcrifict. Fourteen version*. [H. it. p. Sis,] 

iit. 1631, fohn Btiumttnt. Original l y sa\tat > or 
&cral awfii («ta» /m™ <A* FmAiu t>f JwbiJ, ami 
inflated in tfi* Itwgaagc q/ «i< JWi# TWHwimi, in 
tumiy difu-tiit mtrtt. ftifl-M it, Shrerjslnjry. £H. 
1J. p. Hl.T 

2U. 1S3J, Ebutxtli BLukaJl. Twclvo versions 
in ^soStsj, tfyjHuc, ontl SjJtri(«fflE Hniat, BL il. p. 311.1 

S44. 1*S$. Yufeiu. PmJuu in Jktrc selected 
from thr f'ttdtiit eflMvid Sanctioned iy is* FiffMiauJ 
£pisawal Chureh iit Ife miietl seaia. 

246. 1836. JCctMl Ibuui SfuOer. Hi» ItonGin 
contain versions of 6 Saalmn. (H. II. v. W9.J 

Hi. UK. WiUiwnAU«i,s. M,l. :<>. p. ISS.] 

lu. lBSS, liBjutm. Tbre* (80, 96, 13»> la 



PSALTERS, ENGLISH 



931 



fKini, OrtafnaJ funf TiimiUitcd. 

US. IBS. ZdmtKl *»rr. A Htm fartian of Wis 
PHlm (/ JXtufti fit all the I'dnJhEj AtlCtVt tiiStetl fa 
Fjalnoity. lirtMnJ *pfai Salaecti, dttignakd acenrditta 
to BiihtrB Itarne. «te -«¥ *■ *»»>■■ &w*n. -ff- *W- 
bwr, .taufawh JHil- SndBl., 18*7. (4J. p. Ml,] 

Mo. 1667. Hutium lh*ka. J*A* Aarp flf .Tuoaft,' 
or *^pj iff Sim: being a JftSriiml maitttaKos <>f (S* 
^mJiusi, fee, [H. II. p. 3Si,] 

ail. 1SJT. Josuh Ooxdtr, p. SIS, i 

211. 183T. Kobot Biuds BtmU. About flfty 
vervlonB (n ill J'falwi ami .ffjnjuu. Printed at tie 
Jfirtimj J*rert, Cttkmia. [H. il, p. aee.J 

233. 16S&. €. T. ani £■ 0. jl jfem Jftirfcai III"- 
iio* ojf U« Psalmi of jUavfd, *y C /■- ftn(t JP. r. ffwil. 
TWs Tftw by Cttifenju Atttr ond Eliwbith ailing, 
[0. p. 163J H, II. pp. 3*1, 3»3.J 

])*. U38, Junoi Siilin(, p. 129, U, rtolwu 
ami i7jm-nf, Ortyiniii ami Sst«l. HuT«gtl«. 

MS. 1BS8, JuwpH RuiJuiit, i*arttoiu t/ Wu 
PraJMf */ AAiid. FhiUdstphSii. 

Sit IeS9, Itba K«tl«, p. MO, li. [0. P- 1« ] 

S57. IMS. OwinBKneH,;.lH,li. (Eea Ntt.MS,] 

16S. 1819. BiirBctert 0™t p. *M. U- 

K». 18S9. iTUKdl WiqnEhui. Tbo 13ltJl Pi, In 
rig Cottager'* Hmthfy Vitihrr. 

SCO. lets. Zliu Lh ItUtn, p, SSO, 1. Scleral in 
l*t IWIH, put. it Boston. 

361. 1634. Joke HoDkhun F»n, VffliiMB «f 
™tun*pMi™i, priateJ on one lids of tile p»p«f only- 

8W, leSS. tUimt Allen Seott. JWi'to! rant- 
phTOHt of SilrttaJ fWlfonf of fti Sot* flf /'iafiiU, ftc 
Loud. Klvinet™. [H. li. p. 3»0J 

9(3. lflSS. JuUuo OHdrlu Him. poriimt of On 
Pnlme (ti Slfffii* IVw, 

3S4. US}, Zdirttd Bvilns. Tettiws of several 
Itdlnui In bb pri'vitelj' ptlnlsd wort Tit itami </ dad, 
a. Fragment, witk I'oetnt, .fljrmtu, asJ r«r<">»« i>/ 

J* 1 '" 1 '- . .. - 

SM. 1S», ffcww Bmj**«, J.IH1 t<>' P- 16S.3 

MS. UU, TUlDni V«mm BuMHlt, p,4Stll, 

M7. 1M1, John Sdm, ri« *«it «/ PMlmi in 
JJftmi Fsr«, wilt Fraction Ife/tah'Mtl. [0. 11. 166.] 

MS. IH1. SIdunlW.SbulUn.p.les.u. rhir- 
feBQV«rtlt.n6lllLtojV»|?ai i'liWiUi*. 1H11. 

M*. IMS. <hntt», P»- la: in tlte JSodfljdicBl 
JftTMrtne, p. lit, 

iro. 15*2. nduel Tkom»« fl*Jl**. ifeHoiTi, Bfie 
Ma, 3*6. . 

Ml. IMS. iTtnSil Skumy. J ifMi'fcai Ife™«ni 
o/ the Bonk rf Ptmlmt cowtjHunl/iiir I'Tiwin StditatUm 
or Public Wofikif. London, Vkkerin;, Or li™ vftc- 
BiotH 45 itsra prevlnitslr prinlta 111 5"** flftfjAoiifj 
ffariiuuL 1832. [a, p, IE} | H.-11, p, 3J>"-] 

STS, UdS, PrtiMiok Biuwll. A Welrlcal Veraion 
of so Fbj.1i™, 

S73. ISM. Bdwuri Ttild*, 3^ paUuu «/ ZwrW, 
j(«(neaUv PanphnHi fur lite Innm-tet 0/ lie (Mtufft. 
Bv a anrinWd^i! jlfajtsr ofArit. Lonion, WMtUkef. 
TO, p, lit] 

3ft. tW4. IhuI«U|i. SmHo. SSS. 

£?S. l«4t. AnUTnumi. A Aftmcal Ytrtlm of lis 
JTifmic J'ioMert urn* ^pSan»tonr Jftrfei, L»ti4m. 
WardtOc. _, , ,. , 

IT*. 16*1. Hiuui SpiUIv. AMttritfd YerttoH 
«f a< i/t*r™ P*ol(er; *si* iyjdiiiirtorj; Jftrfc*. 
Lotfidon. Ward Is Oo. 

277. 16H. AaosjnuM, J Jftfrfca? rirrionp/ (4* 

S7B. lt*7. Bujunln Tbom»* EUtott dm. The 

tielxi cf David' A JVsht Metrical VettUm. London, 

SeeUf. [0. p, 1TO0 

a». 1HT. JfWpblHWi*, p. HI, i, [0. p. I 

MO. 16*6. Wiuum HimJry EUek, Jn 



J>w .fe(rii'«J Ytrtitm nf On Ptalau, written for tin 
Music t» ooMSHm rstt, J/jt W. H. B. 1/jq<1oii : Soj- 
wetl. [O. ri, in. J 

2S1. ISM. Pi**niil Fjth. TLc Prnhnu A Lyrical 
littral lVMiurt, 2 vfll*., IBM-lit. [O, p. im.] 

2H3. 19C6. SsuDUd HctCLilb?. t*e ytafma 0/ David, 

IjOuia£uKH, /tiTN«ji'00t"a. (Plllll/iolpllL* Ub.) [O, 
p, 171.J 

W9. I60I, Mot«l Montagu- 31* J J jaE«f in a Jftto 
m-ftOB. A'fbd lo fnw rmtfl U(«i infiumll'i: toil*, 
jV(j*(r or Examination if tlit Difficult Paaagtt, iff 
Jt. JfmiiajjB, /^m*xi. JrttJiat-rJ. [O. p. ijj.] li 1644. 
lie law il tie seven Vrhltmtui I'saims as 1 1 pecimcu 
of his Ti-ork. 9« Ko. 2!4, 

^?:«l. Ull, A, T, XuHtll, 111 tils Pf. <( JJj*. fg.v.) 

264, 16S6, Asasymoiii. Tin Fiw* «/ J'jaimj. 
Tpniijlalrf inr# Snfftiih Ymt, from tki Oriffis/tX 
Htbrtio, anvared with the Asrient Vtriirmi. IMu 
wlitione oorreoted in ISIS, and IgSb. [G. p. ITS.] By a, 
J^yihAft, London, Eirtncfarafl. 

•m. 1154. BiwMiianirtwi.j. 2J3, II. [O. p.178.1 

sat, IBM. Abrsr Joiw. Jle jf'tolsn t/ Itaoi* 
refliterefl ift(o BflfJii/i Vtrw 0/ •furious xtettttit, 
divided atcar&isg to their JttttleaT. flidenfflj, and am* 
prtiut in U*froion Limits t in uihith thtir ttip/mtiix 
liitfiaTctiiilwilmitn, tht itwiitl and txaltal tenti. 
iricntl, with ibhielt Ottt/ ttirjHvhtre aimiMj, cxpreiiaj 
in their fnmtfS-VlUisr and a-pFTrrptitiUlmgvayt, aiuj 
gi-ttjikic iwagtry, by trhitk tteg an Tindtrvt vivid, 
prtttrmd mtitt. By Atmtr /ohm, 1'rnfcuor nf Jftii*:. 
Stw York, Mtnofi flrotlnem, [0, p. 171 J 

'inf. ISIS. Anns. BUptoa, Vetsiijiiii □( j P»»lm( tti 
n« Wkitpirt in tht Palvu. 

im. f«is, Owirn tavnmid, .Swditi'a. Seit«< K fi>, 
of Ui! Bootf gf J"airSin, ikatuinr/ tit Fn*fflWt tfriojn, 
Ug leading Jdea, an4 (it Iltftltnet tngffetitd 6j cook 
/•anfiM, «i^ij!Bi in wrimf tiistrts. £y fl, T. [0, p. 
17B,] 

^Kf . 18S6, WfflUin TmoBrHutomi, p. 464, il. 

930, 1SS6. Tuloiu, ffyims Written for the, I'm 
of l&Wevi Cmarfyationt. CTrai-frtloirn. g. C. Puo. 
lij t*f (tWfli'CfMtiim iJfUl-Bo^im J, jtf. SSI a. 'fills 
1» * mflrinl v«i*U>n nude liy Jew! for loe oso of Jem. 

01, 15f7. Anojrjrnioiu. A A'ew jtfrfrwffl rrniiiln- 
(ioTi 0/ We Bvikof Ptalms. Aixmhialvifor Chanting, 
jhi attempt to ITetnise as fur on j»nj£(c Me leading 
charaeterittitt of the Origami, in tht language of tit 
ErtgUtiL Bible. LondoE. Bicrter 4 Em. fO, p. 181,1 

232. ;«6. Bdc« Albtd BtWlinr, Tjts ife(< ifotj 
HBdft ef f<alnj. it'tjioflji rendered intr/ Xngiith Vtret, 
according to (he JTajnr Bsok Yertiitn. Lmnon. J. W. 
pjrktr. [R. p. lal.J 

2*i. letS. AnsnraoUs. .Behfiuf Lj/rict. By an 
Oca}gfrtw'iati, London, Stilod^ni OtlBy hi Oo. [0, 
p. IS3.J 

394. IBifl. Ihomu Tumar. A Metrical Versbmef 
the Jiw* of I'toiat iMtsthiHicat), [B. p. 194.] 

i-8i. 1660, Bexjunin Hb.11 ttantij, p. StE, i. [O, 
p. ise.] 

298, 1880, 0. 3. Caj]«j- Me Psalms in Metre, [Cf, 
p 18i,J 

!9f. 1SSS, W, C. T«nr*. J l"cr«io» 0/ We whole 
Book 0/ F*alJH! i« 7ariouf jreli'ff , wilft Piecer and 
tfynl-nt Si*ffatrtiaZ &y A'ew Jerfauieprl cuocnJ ibni ; a£» 04 
Appendix if variola Tranelattotti, etc. London. Jbcr> 
eon, WilfMd, and Hcrfder. [0. r- lHf.] 

2D». 1886, Arthur olnlet, 4 JiWi^cai VertCort of 
tic Piaina. London, fflvingto™. [0. p. 191.] 

Mb. laSS, Soltrt IqoiHg, .Pro/imf SietidUisoiTi 
"if We iftlfiffll t-Vi'Jt'ointf W(i J>ijJ«J u«J in^cnUitnd. 
EJiuliHrgL. T. Ltrarle. f#. p. 187.] 

300. 1S6S. 'William Hilfigu. A E/biSitl SlitiCa 
of the Fsalntt and PamtfiraiBi, to which are added 
ono- Jtvndr&t and .fifty short AiHnm. telect&d laith ear* 
from nearly twenty former ttltctvmt. Edmborgli. J, 
HacLan-n [6. p. iaa,] 

331. 1981, AmorimE HebraoBl Pi&Uu. JTbjIiiw- 
ricon ffetrital PialUr, To the Bithopt of tlU Iftttt- 
tartt EpiKopai Mturchof the Caittrl Stliia, !*(« ntttnyct 
in prtitme Metrical Pialmaip in Iht Ohnrch, and to 
IC'tirc an entire 3lctru!al FwWer, il ineaibed mith 
filial reverence ant! fraternal affection. New "York : 
Hunttnctun. In Ibid work la vendoa* of the PmIbu Are 
tartnrsTtail niirttlueiJ. (tt, p. 18S.J 

332. 1861. YlHCOnt HlBHTHH. A Hetrleal 
Ptalter. Compiled from tht jeSSl of the late Vitcotatt 
Matteretne and Ferrard, JJ( tt* «o». 1, P, publtn, 
MtGlsihm. [0. p. 199.1 

3IO. IMS, OkrluE, EjmrgMB. Swttnl ^(tstoM 
la his Our Own ^»^ JPnoS. 
344. ISfiS, M, 1, H»riy. 
»», 1667, DuliBWi Iqtkn, Ti«J»*its(«afii« 



fi32 



FSALTEBS, FRENCH 



in jypprojn-iale Xetrtt: a itrietl) Literal lYaiutaftm 
from. tte tttirrtw; with Bxpfan&torf Soia. Edin- 
burgh: Oilphmi. [f>, p. ill,] 

3M» 1887. /owpa ttuiDHi. IV SI jp iyna 
frfdtnltint, p. 618. 

M7. 18*7, I. 0, wiwhtahdH. (.Wrfiht, Salee- 
Uoo of Psalm* la Vera* in thell Pmpi paid IVsntkrficmf, 

SOB. llMi Emttu Bmit, p. 181, t. Jfyvmt ^ 
.Fbif*. and HfjK. Versions of 41 psalms. 

30*. IBW. June Keith, ft** ifc** ^ Fwtai 
rwubrot inio Oiibbm™ Jftlre F*r*e, /«» tt* anlAo- 
ritei rertdm. With a TipcHiua of Fiatmj JIgLt'n 
Jftttelfanwut JftJra. Loudon: If isbet {O. p. 141.] 

310. UG8. K. 0. StafUbn. Veniona of a few 
Pnluu In nil JBjttam flVow JSx*. 

311. 1*J0. tbuulliti!. A .Kewp»Ta»u: J 
Jeefrfctil FrrJiint o/ (Ail £orft Ijf Ftalwit, node tjf Jjpol. 
Iiiurttt*. a .Bitllflj) «f* Uudicni, in Sj>Ha, cfTvtfar 
jl.n. 8«3. TrtinttatotlyTlumm galsr, fc. London; 
HmptinindllirebiiL [a. p. US,] 

sir ltfD. WOlfim A. OnlwD. Venlcm of 
Paimis la hla original Poetry. Loud. ! Wbiualtr. 

SIS, 1871, lAa Bnrten. TA* Batt if falmi nt 
A^i*. rtrif, A ytw Ttifement / J »rnpW<. Loutai : 
John Snow, [0. p. 1)4.] 

31*. 1178. D. H. Btbtriy. Piterta &nfl« o/ rte 
Jfetitrn /Win tile Cbpfta'ty, retranttafaf/ and Hrrtfed. 
f*. 1»-IU. 

31S. 11TI. DunklXua 1 - Yers1w»of4,f*wP«ilm» 
in hli JUMhj. London: QnMni ridge & Sun. 

SM. 1I7(. mtuun JotUh Iiwi, p. 671, U. 

31T. 187*. JWri MWnn P* s*. in Dr. iojfers'o 
ildrp afthf pirixlidB ffomt, p, |I, 

31*. 18TB, nnm ]Ui« It**, f. 1M, H, 

3l». 1878. 0*an KUwnn, n, SM, L 

a-JO. 1877, B» Hsraanf rf Lorn*. Ti« «»l o/ 
•PJuIiU, tiltToRB rmdtmt Hi Feme, [0. p. 1>1.] 

311. 1878, »,[C, HaLma, TA* Stnt of Aotn, 
TtniAd and Jmfldtfai, Gene™. Mew York. [0, p, 
19*.] 

3ia. 1(8* W, B, Bamon-. rio ,»***» WaiiM-, 
s^ li« " ioofco/ ITaUar co»ww*v «(W«J 1** ftnJTn* 
ftf JWiuL jl J*w JWriatf rro.jtffad'on, [fr. p» 1(9.] 

M3, 18U, Bto-T*Mlliift, fteftoolr^f /■«!(»« in 
Exfliift Stank Fern,- kijuj **• VirBsi and itn«U 
iliTJjnjfmuBit d/ tile Original. B# Ben-TtkMim. 
Bdlnburtli, A. EiUptt, [6, p. lj« J 

3U. 1888. Bwio «(1«™. ru JtBt of J>«4ni 
in Jfstn, a(d?ri™ Ju tic Fer>i<>» Djmml S? (S* 
pAm-rA a/ Scotland. Edinlnugu: D. Dvoclu. [0. 
p, 1M-] Thb ii * nrUlmi of Ma ScsttUh Psaittr. 

3St. 1185, D%b7 ii WiuthuL £fra Jli^tt, 
3"*« Bosfc <if PhJdu, and otlsr Ltrital Poetry qf tht 
OH TVlhHBrtf. rmtcred into Bnalith JftJrtl. Idedl, 
Fktcb*i k Ob. re, p. 301 J 

33). 1888. has Dt *itt, d.d. AuCk &*? "/ 
Araol, JmwBtmiirinjiinl'erK, l>i;Ji)*Hi)«H , )«, /j.Jj. 

Eitended as this list is, it can only lie 
rendered oomplete by sddLng on Uie nuoieroiu 
versions of inQiuidu«J Paalmi) which aia given 
ia the Iai»i t* StmMAma ud >ni^[iiiUi in this 
Dictiouwy, It mutt be Ktnambeted, how- 
ev*t, that oM which are giTEii in that Index 
are not additional to those named above, u 
by Fw tlie greater Dumber «e taken ftraD the 
foregoing works. [J. J. and W. T. B.j 

Pftftlte™, rranoh. The Frensh Psalters, 
ia common with the English, the German, and 
other*, require a distinct history from the 
hymaody of the aame nation. 

i. CUment Marol,. 
1. Very few trt. of the Paalme h„vc been 
found pnoT t* the great Psalter of 3Tarwt and 
Btza, Tho gena of thie work waa Pa (J, 
attached to the Jlfit*i> <fo bet ehfetttmne 
Priuaxte MitrgtUrtte lie la France Sot/ne de 
Navarre, Daeftow tFAlencon (16SS). At leant 
18 others must have been tr. by 1588 (fi 2) 
In 1540 the psahnu which Marot liad then 
mitten and circulated in us, were ip the 
highest fnTonr with Franeia I., Catherine de 
Medicij, the Lttuphin, and the amzt They 
were Bunjy to ballad tunes. Charles V. re- 
garded Minot with BOO soldfn doubloons I 



PSALTEES, FKENfJH 

for hi* present of SO PmJdw, and aaked him to 
ve™fy for him "Comfitieiiiini Domino" fprob. 
Fa 18). 

% The earliest printed psalnu by JIarot 
emanated from the Ptoteetant party of tho 
BefermatioD, and it is not elsar from wimt 
eourae Calvia obtained them. The test also 
of thesa early osaltna differs from the first edi- 
tion afterwards pub. by Marot himself, In an 
unique book in the library at Munich, entitled 
Aulaum Pseaumfs et Cantiquet myt at tJumi, 
Strttbmrf. I5S3— the earliest effort of Calvin 
to introduce singing into public, worship at 
Sttfuibiirg— thcro are 18 paslmii, together with 
the Soug of Simeon, the Creed, and Ten Com- 
mandments, There sj* Melodies to each 
piece. 

Of these pulmi 11 tie, in a form varied fran hit own 
mtuHjuent ri. of ll«, by Marot, (Ten. 1,1,7, ii, ls.as; 
si, 103, 1 14, 1 Ii. 130, i3t, 143.) W tbe tidier pifcw, two 
(Pi. 113 tod tilt Ciwn} tre Is pr««, Tba Dtbftr piece* 
(P«. ss, 36, te, 01 , 139, 'It* Hung of Simeon, mul Th* Tea 
Comm«iulm«il») are stflmgiy muked off from iiirot's 
piK«a by thtlr InvcrelonB, want of feminine rhymtj, 
md ueniMn melcdlt*. Tlwy lie probiHj- by Calvin 
ntnucir. 

D. In 1541 appeared Ptahnex <fe D^ui'd, 
rniiuJa/ei de ^tuiewrj fltJAiilJTt, et prinn^HiIfe- 
meni <(« CIs. Xarot, ««, reamjTtwu «t tarriat 
par le» fJUoIudYen*, mMt«n*«n*t^ jttlr Jl, i". 
Pierre Alexandre, coneionateur ordttKtire dt lot 
Jiomw de Htyagrie. Anvert. (An unique copy 
ia in the poseBHcn of M. Henri Lutteroth.) 
The cemtent* of this volume are SO psalms by 
nfarot, and 15 by ten or eleven different 
authors. Bonn? of these latter are alternative 
versions of the eame pealm, Tunes of the day 
arc named for one of Marot's psalms and nine 
of the others. The lost of the 30 psalms of 
Marot, though, in the 19 Fss, named above, 
identical with that found in tbe Straaburg 
edition, differs from that of Mflrot's own edi- 
tion tl^ 2 ) ®l these same 30 psalms. Pierre 
Alexandre may have received Marot's 'psalms 
from tho Queen of Hungary, who may herself 
ha-ro obtained them from her brother Charles V. 
Alexandre was inclined to the Huguenot doc- 
trines, and At a later period (2555) becalm: 
pastor of the Befcrmed congregation at Stnw- 
burg. 

i. A very curious Liturgy (of whieli there 
is an unique copy iu BL uaifie's possession) 
appeared in 1542, 

La masjifit 4t fain pritra a us tfilita frwicoj/ta 
. . . tiuaahie tumulmci tt canlkqutt frenwyi quim 
e&snJc au-t dictdt tolUtt . . . fti» t£tM Is ii crest 
leiogtli). At tbe end of the pwhns there Is tue follow- 
ing note: "Imprlnif » Eoie w Is «cmm«ndHiient 
in Pipe, ip*j Thesdoi* Brutt AlVmint, eon imprimeur 
ordlniire.*' The Pmimi in thin tdltlon camjiriK ill the 
pemlmibyHim tni <Alirt In tie Stnthuig si. (153*) ; 
the other if pulnu at Mtrot conulntd bj tho iirwerp 
td.. ind 4 othen froai (he umt book (4±rd eigsod 
"C, D ,'la)th uioD, 180th iigj]«J -A.," uiud idpied 
" D."l. To tbeie ire idded the Song of Simeon. Creed, 
ui(l Ten Cemmuidmenti of the ftiriibura booh. Hint 
Mitci'« Peter Noiter from tie ift'rptr. Tie 21 melo- 
dies of tlw Strubtirc book ens re-priotel, toRether with 
8 hew ones, The pretended llpprlpiltoLr of tue Pope. 
Wi* * piaaa fnud, of vMcfa there \» a similar emmpl* 
In One of tba worts of Lelevre 4'Edples, the Hrat trUflt- 
liter <it the l«Ue In iHjncli The reil plica of printing 
•eenw likritljiid ta StriEhurir bj 1 letter of Pierre, tie 
pastor of StmUUTg. -atti Miy. 1*** (qptra (Sitirini 
vf. 1*), iddK«ed to tie ehiaf miglstnte it Meti, in 
whkh he uya tilt ft o*w *d. of tie LKurgy ind tbe 
pulpit bid been mute, the prtvlam one belnc ei- 
hiueied j ud befu him to recover see capln of it, 
which, bid been aeued it Heti on iccount of in Incon- 
stderit* idditloa of tie printer '* tmptime i Rome ivw 



PSALTBBS, FRENCH 

privilege* do ftpe." The internal evidence afforded by 
* eompulBOin oitba Hunk*] portions with anheeqnemt 
htujglaa *t Geneva (ilia) and Strulrare (i«i) la ccn- 
sUtent with tbla twontptloii- Tha ptibttr >u very 
probably Jebin Knolldtb. Flare Brolly, tbe pastor, 
«k perhaps ths editor, 

5. In the library At Stuttgart there la an 
unique copy of Calvin's first Liturgy pub. at 
Genera, entitled 

" la/Anu da pritm it eldrltl ttdiriaitiljutt ante 
Id fkhimti tTadminittrsr la $a£tt*irau el cMUUm* 
Is aiartoe, Kfon la erwrtifaie J* rjJfEiu AniiatM, 
Wl," 

There Is no name of place or printer ; but 
the derioe of ml olive branch, ending in an 
ornamental « GV' is known to be the mirk of 
Jean <?*mid or Girard!, a Genevan printer. 
The liturgical contents of this volume are of 
great interest ; but the only portion of them 
that concerns our subject ia the preface, which 
exhibits Calvin's sentiments on the use of 
musie in public worship. 

Tb» Tsauaa «T* I reprint of tboafc In the lsit-tnen- 
tkued ed., knoirn h the Puvdo-Jttman, with the 
omlukifi of tha prose iiait fa., and Urn t by various 
author* (t3, in, ue, ua). Tie other pieces at the 

AtndihMnivn ere aha repttbted, wlti tie exception 
of Ibe prose Oped, iriHeh Is txchtuiuA tut Marat's 
Creeds pub, In tie ifiiw. Sani* tUgfat »lt*tltirni* 
are made In the text of the Psalms. But cOMldft- 
thk alteration 1» made hi tbe melodies. Only IT are 
common to thfa. md tbe ftttute-JSmuirt *d„ mid modU 
flcttlw* which lessen their Gennen character ire nude 
In nine. There no « hew melodies, 14 as eub- 
iUlUtCS fit rejected tunea of tha earlier edition. » set 
to psilniflt W^lrll previopAly had no m&Lodles attached 
to them. This music*! contribution Uj probably the 
work at Louis Bourgeois. 

A second ed. of this book, probably only a 
nprint with no material alteration, is known 
to hate been pub. later in the year. These 
several editions show plainly that for nearly 
three years the psalrps flf Marot were in favour 
alike in the Catholic court and the Huguenot 
worship. 

6. In ] 542, Mnrot himself pub. his 30 Psalms. 
The title of the book is— 

Trtrtie />i4ufsul ifc DUxtd, mil Ml /ratteayi pat 
(lemflif Jferot, wlef ds Gh4Miars4lilifcg/ T aWGj*ntriua4, 
Aiur^ptf P* Farir t H h p, (Aa tinlquB £vpy hi La the 
BlWlothlsifle HflHoimte, P^ii, ) 

It cantainb the privilege from the King, 
dated Nov. 80th, lftil j an epistle dedicatory 
to Francis I., iiot without evidences of n»l 
religions feeling, in which Marat contraete the 
true inspiration of Darid with the fabled 
muse of Greece and Borne; and the 30 Pes. 
of the other editions (1-1 &, 19, 22, £4, «2, 
87, *A 51. 10J. 10*, H3, 11*, U5, 130, 
1ST, 143). At the head of Dome Of the Foalma 
are short indioatkrae of the nature of the 
metre, but no euggestion» of melodies, and no 
music The text of this ed. varies, as has 
been said, greatly from that in the editions 
noticed in the last section. Whether both 
texts are by Marot himself, or -whether the 
editions of IflSfl and 1541 represent a text 
revised by other hands than his, it ie difficult 
to decide. 

H. Dddbii bu printed the prinetptl vulttl«iu in the: 
Int a halms, ud jmaoHOM* thet the Fkrle text 1* Iji- 
tuittlj edparlor ineleune* end rhymt; thttin only 4 
plu« (at then s Ph.) tit the nnttlmi In the Mbw 
edltlone more lllcnl thin In Msrot's : and th»tof these 
t Htm liUnKlf ulcipted s In his ed. of tits. On the 
nvnnd of ha nperinrlty, ind of the pbuaee on Uib 
Antwerp tltla-pueC'reqpsgnetietecnrlga"^ Thkhlndif- 
«tc rviUnn In thil ed.. he deddec that the Paris ed. 
fnt the firat time prints Marot'e nnnlne ttat, and that 
Ibe otbeie axbJUtst«t that bai too sW*wd by Hern 
AUiaadre and the rhMtegtiint. Co this wrdlct benv- 



PSAtTBEB, PEENCH 



933 



ever tbe 13 Pea. In the Suiebvn ed. f IdafJ vhkh an; 
Idantlcal In text with tbc«e of Plerrt i.ltnunW» hwk 
(Isa) an x eonridartbte otjtctloa. The tmptiniitu 
rf Ptef» AloioiJre «lw in tbe Antwerp ed.. does wrt 
wen) m rcm i T llT to isdLeate extensive allentlon, for be 
tape, "nee Id Ipso reperi quod poeeit pbu anrea oSep- 
■Iwt;" asd tbe olber U paahn* by Tariomi antburs 
would sban tbe tevialim with tbe 30 of Marut. 

7. Tbe publication of the 30 Psalms drove 
Marot from Enince to Geneva. Though the 
privilege for it had been signed by tore* 
doctors of theology, the book -was condemned 
by the Ben-bonne, and Marot was only saved 
from arrest by flight. In August, IMS, ho 
pub., evidently at Geneva, 

Cinqttantt Puauitt tnfrantalt par Ctment llami. 
Ittmmc Epittrt ]nr Ivy wgutra nitojM atut dirwK' 

The content* of this book are ; — 
An Epistle to the Latfe* of Ftan™ i an Eplntlt to the 
King ; tie sopqhne alreadT pub., revised and corrected t 
M [rnh fajaUae (tbe Soog «f Blmtim countlna u one) ; 
the Commandmenle, tbe Artlclee of the Faith {the 
Creed) i tbe Lord's Pnyee ; the Angelic SelaUtlon ; end 
two pr»r«j, osa before, one after meale. TJie Epistle to 
tbe King ia very brief. I (contains an allmlon to tbe fact 
thai French hid commanded blm to continue the work 
of translation. The Kpletle to the Ladlea of France Is 
in the courtier vein. He bide tbeoi ojalt their Un- 
Kmji to Cupid to rtng Him, Who U Imt Indeed, " 
Wen beuTeux qui Tolr nonrn, Flenrlr le temp* qoe 
Ton olra Le labjnrenr h aa cfaarrue, Le clarretkr parml 
la rue, Et rartlaan en aa houtlqMe AvennM un rwatiue 
on Ganrit^ne £n aon laheor ae aonU^er," The new 
psalms are Pai. IS, 33, 3S, 3S, 3t, ii, 4*, 4*. 54, 11, 1% 
ae, 81, lot, lftf, no, us, isa, 139. There Is no mtHlc 
to thla ed. A lew monthe liter however an ed. (now 
low) of tbeu Fifty Tulms, wilb moik, wee pnh. alone, 
with the Liturgy and Cit«hiim by Calvin. The a 
psalnu, genenuy asBlcned to Cilrin, »hich bad hltbeito 
atias dowh from tbe Stn»*Wi ed. (1M9J were In tilt 
«d. repkeed by Wamt'a. 

8. Mwrot's death (Wii) arrested tlie pro- 
gress of the Geaevaa Psalter. Cut hi* peatou 
were utilised in other quarters. Editions of 
them appcjared in Pane, Lyons, Stranburg, 
and Geneva j 1G of which are extant. The 
StraabuTg <4.of 1546, printefi 10 of the. new 
psahnB, toEether with the psalms and pieces of 
Marot and others in the Ptettdo-Komnn ed,, 
the Oommandmebts by Marot, and a hymn, 
u 6alntation h Je'sus-Christ," beginning "Ja 
To salue, mob cerlnin Kedficptear" (p. us i.) 
I/iula Bourgeois pub. a harmonised ed. of the 
Gittamnte Pteoume* in 1MT. A compilation 
of Marot'e psalms, 29 by Gilles d'Anrigny, 
4S by Bobert Brincel, 31 by "O. R" and 
" CI. B," forming an entire Psalter, was pub, 
in Paris (1550). And Poitavin's 10» pwilnlg 
(Poictleis 1550) were bound up, in later 
editions, with Mamt'a SO as a complete 
Fsalter. 

ii. Completion of lie PeaUer t»/ Beta. 

I. The Genevan Ffealter was completed by 
The'odore do Boze, at the request of Oalvin, 
who had found on his table a tr, of Pa, 16. 
The first instalment of them was priueipally 
written at Lansanne. On March Si, 15S1, tie 
requested from the Council of Geneva per- 
mission to print " the Test {le reste) of the 
Psalms of David," which he " has liad set to 
music,' 1 and ashed for a privilege of exclusive 
sale. They were however very far from being 
completed at that date : and on June 2? 
Calvin wrote to Yiret asking Beza to send 
wnat psalms lie had, without waiting for the 
versification of their companions. Aecordingly 
before the year dosed there appeared ;— 



034 PSALTEH& FBENCH 

Tftnt* idaint pstatumes Ik Ihliiid aiaaelUmmt mit 
en rimf/rane/jiic an pint prtt lie I'Ht&reu, par 2ft. dt 
Ban dc Vizelaj/, en Buiirfi'iffili. ffetfUU*. 1SS1, 

This Volume contains ft dedicatory epistle, 
" A r£glise de nostre Seigneur," and the new 
paalms by Baza, 

The Pulfna be : IS. 1}, 10. SI, SB, M, SB, 29, 34, 31, 
31, SU, 3», idi il, 42, 44, 47, T3, »0, lie, ISO, ]T!1, IBS, 

lsa, 114, 1^9, lie, m, las, 131, 1.12, iss, 134, The 
dedicatory epistle Is justly eulogised by MM. TMian mj 
Bnvet. It. illutfitttea the cilfletciHC it standpoint and 
temper between tin- tn# [m*M. In place of uie llflhtEt 
£,racG, the cliSiliJAl anil mytliolojrkii tUuslMW, sunt the 
pjnrtlfr iretn fit MoHjl.'t oiMrettcg 13" t]!8 King Hiul tlte 
L&dlea of France, t™ Iisvb tho WtoOjt fin tuac, the 
contempt qf worldly pnatry, the Bflnae uf endurance, 
llardDesVt even scorn, left 1^ pejaBcutioD, vhieli naaxka 
the Huguenot theologian. lie Omrdt to ^hiea Ik 
dedicates hla work Is tin "petit troupcan." wliieli. de- 
spite Its kwliness Is ttie (rename or the earth, tat klnps 
he horarara st« imt Frauds the king ot flUtcrtm, but 
the cbftznnfona of tbe Reformation in Germuly and 
Kclti'tutf VI. of Kng]hn<J- Xbere Js however ft high 
euUwttun of Waxoc, " Loa ! tu es mort eana auolr au*ne^ 
Quels seal titre (Is IVbuuk commenw, Bt qui jrts eat, 
11'n.jMnt lilisi »u monde, I>«1* poet* hiimnjf, qui tt 
Becocult Yoiu, jwiir nucil qu&tul la morl t* rault, Aueo 
qnH toy ee tent lussi Dtntil." 

2. In 1554, C new psalms (52, 57, €3, 04, OS, 
111), 4 of them without melodies, tho other 
2 set to previous tunos, wok added as on 
appendix to tho combined ed. of Marot and 
Beza which had been pub. under tbe title of 
Pteanmet Octante trait in 1552. In Ml ed. 
without date, Pa, 67, the Bout or Moses, tbe 
Song of Simeon, and the Ten Commandments 
tire added. 

3. The various volumes extant show no 
further increase of pieces until 15G2, \rbc14 the 
complete Pealtet apptiEtred, entitled 

Lcj J'jAibfmfi mii at rlim fran-pofie pur Cltntmt 
Mtiret it Tkrvdaw tit Ifcxe, 

The piirile^o for tliia ed., obtained from 
Oiarlea IX. (f), i« ds-tcd Pec. 2G, I5I>1. It 
una printi'd for Autoiue Yincent at Geneva, 
Paria, Ijyons, Cnen, and other plarf ft, in £4 
editiouu ut Iftftftt of thcit year. Tbcrc Bit 60 
new psfdms, and 40 new melodiBB; tlie totnl of 
luulodiee is ntised to 12S. The Pater Noster 
and Oia Creed are no longer included ; the 
Song of Simmon and the Tou Cottimandirjeuto 
are alnuc appended. 

4. The music of tho Psidter is teyond our 
scope. It is ticated fully in M. Bouen'a -n-orlc, 
in r> BOTicB nf articles in The Musical Tintee 
(1§81), and in aevcrHl orticUfl of The Vic- 
tiawiry of 3/hssVj, The melodies in the: Stma- 
burged, (1539) arcs of German descent. The 
editor of the Genevan paa-itoi* (1542-5 pro- 
J»bly, 154S-57 Certainly) waa Louis Bourgeois. 
Only 11 of tho Btrcisburj; melodiCB are retained 
in tiio copnplete Pailter, most of tlicm in a 
modified farm ; 74, tJie finest iu tlte PflfJtor, 
are by Bourgeois; the 40 of 15S2 are by &n 
uuknown Land. Side by side With the work 
uf Bourgeois, QuiHaumc Krnnc, otutor at Lau- 
sanne, wrote in 15ol melodies for the pftiLwe 
then recently translated by l}?'/.a, and obtained 
ft licence to print them sit fteneva t togethcr 
with the original melodies to l[a,vot'n pailins. 
NoUiic^ furtJier boiYever, ns far as is knnwn, 
Ktift done until 1&05, when a, jiHiiter lias 
urintcd At Geneva for use fct LftllSftnne. The 
bulk of tbe times in tbie psalter were cUrived 
from that of Geneva, 4t rueiOitteB liy Pourgeois, 
and 15 by the unknown editor of I5U2. TliB 
new tunes introduced by Pranc wore ifi in num- 
ber, of whieh 2«> wflre by himself, one from the 



PSiLTERS, PREKCH 

5rat Genevan psalter of 1512, and afterwards 
omitted, with 19 from other sources. Har- 
monised editions, though never admitted for 
public wnrship, irerc printed from the fust. 
Among these may he named 50 PEalittft by 
Bonrgeois iu 5 purls (1545) ; 31 Fsalma by 
Pierre CertOtt (1546) for the Sftiute Cbftpelle, 
at Paris (!): Goudiniers tliree celebrated 
editions (156*, 1565, l&UG), the latest of frreat 
elaboration ; Claude La Jcune's (pub. postbu- 
moualy in 1G01). The immense popularity of 
tlic miisie eoutributed largely to tbe wid* 
Hpreail of the PsrJter in translittions, the 
melodies nece«»tating tbe adoption of tb* 
French lnetres. 

5. The fortunes of the Gensvan Penltcr, 
thus completed, weto brilliant and aiiaf^ilar. 
Its use even among Catholics did not oease 
for awhile. It was among the books which 
Fronds I. cherished on liiii deathbed. Henry 
II. used one of Beta's jjualma fte. a bunting 
eong (!). Among flic Huguenots, psalm-sin^- 
ing became universal. Catholic troops, wish* 
ing to disguiuo tlieir identity, would raise a 
p&dm. Crowds saug pMJin* in the street* 
At tho Pre" aux Clercs, mnltitudee, among 
whom woio the King and Queen of Navarrei, 
song thorn enthiiaketically. In Paitou tho 
CatliolLc cure" mixed pwiiuie witli tlio Latin 
hymns. Florimand do Bemond, a contem]io- 
rary author, dates the foundation of Uie 
Huguenot Church by the praotice of psalm- 
singing. The necessity of conciliating the 
Huguenot power accounts for the singular 
fact that Cltarles IX,, and Charles V. (pro- 
bably really the Duchess of Parma, aoting as 
his Vicegerent) in the Low Countries, granted a 
privilege for tlio sale of the book. MM. Douen 
and Bovet have collected together the glori- 
ous and touching record* of its use on the 
battle-field aud at tho et*ko in the days 
of Coligny, and in the drfi&ojiuados after, 
tho BovocfL-tion of tbe Ediot of NauteB. The 
tiotli was the psalm of battles, Tbe 51st, tbe 
Song of Simeon and others, were sung iu tbe 
hamce. The number of editions of the book 
is enormous, Tho splendid bibliograpby of 
M. Doncn gives liOO editions of French 
iiietrieal psalters, far the largest aJiAra of whieli 
is composed of Marot and Beza's psoJuis. Tho 
inQuence of tlii* book extended far beyond 
France. In German, 50 of these psalnie were 
translated by Melisflua of Hoidolberjj, ftt tlte 
Command of the Elector Palatine Frederick II, 
(1572). A complete version, following the 
text, motrce, and melodies of the French, 
presented (1565} to Albert of Braiidimbiirg, 
was pub. by Ambrosius Lfjbwnsser, a Lutheran 
(1575), with GmiditueTfr luirmonies. Though 
never accepted by the Lutherans, it became 
the rccdgniBod Psalter of Germany and German 
Switzerland, and wae frequently revised in 
tho 17th and 18th ceiita. Serving a« an 
original, it was rc-trauslatcd in screinl dialects 
of the GrisonS (among others in Italian) and in 
Danish. The Dutch version of Dathcnus 
(15GG) bcoanic tho universal Dutch Psftllei of 
the Lnw Countries; 30 Teviniona of it, all 
preserving tho French metres and melodies, 
were mado lieforo its displacement by a new 
version (1773). To the*e may be added tft. 
from tlio French into Italian, Spanish, Bohe- 
mian, PoIlbIi, Latin, and even Hebren*. In 



PSALTEUS, PUESCH 

England a volume entitled AS (fce fV«(wl 
i>8oJn Tub** wM ^Jfc* Jfimfe (1632) u in 
the Brillih Museum, Lambeth and Lincoln 
Cathedral Libraries. At the end of a French 
(f. of the Liturgy of the Church of England, 
dedicated to George L (1719, London), perhaps 
tor the Savoy Church, the psalms of Marat 
bud Beiia are printed. In England's HaUe~ 
lnjuh, by John Vicars (1631), are IHvsri of 
Ife-rftTt P*ahne» according to tie Frendi formt 
and metre. The influence of the French on 
the O. V. of England and Scotland is only 
perceptible in 6 few French tunes and 1 metres ; 
SO of the Scottish, and a smaller number of 
the English melodies are French. Pea. £0, 
101, ISO, 121, 121, 127, 129, in the English, 
Mid Pes. 102, 107, 110, 118 in the Scottish 
Tension are identical in melody with the cor- 
responding French Psalms. 

(I. Tlio general Verdict of critics front the 
time of Voltaire to that of Saintc-Bcuvc has 
been severe. MM. Bovet and Douen ore more 
kindly. Vet the former speaks strongly of 
tl») weariaonienuaB, diffueeneM, inversions, ob- 
scurity, and vulgar, even gross, expressions in 
the work of Beza, And (he prosy commonplace, 
inversion anil coarseness in the far better versa 
of Marot, The judgment of the ICth and 
17 til rente., when the antiquated language 
was current, ami tlie coarseness less per- 
ceptible, woe full of eulogy. Ont of the wide 
variety of subject matter, emotions and poetical 
Btylo which tho Psalter exhibits, tlio simplicity, 
plaintiveucss, lyric grace, and subjective medi- 
tation are those host reproduced in Marot'B 
choicest pieces, descending through him into 
tlie body of French hynuu. The striking 
Variety of metre evidently impressed Kethc 
and Wliittingham, and an imitation of it 
was ineffectually attempted by them, as a. 
relief to the humdrum monotony of tlie Eng- 
lish and Scottish versions, The solidity, the 
breadth, tlie celebration of God in nature, on 
the Other baud, Which passed from our Old 
Vertical into the work of Watts, h&s no counter- 
part in tlie French Psalter, or the hymns that 
succeeded it. Thfl contrast is duo doubtless 
to deeper difference* in the genius cf ths 
nations. The merit of fidelity has been gene- 
rally conceded. The work of Marot was bared 
on the direct translation from tlie Hebrew by 
Vatable, and perhaps other Hebrew studies. 
Bess was s. deep student of the Psalms, as 
well as a theologian. 

111. I"fte Recited Ptaltett of tho Reformed 
Ckvrth and Independent Venione. 

1. The version Of Mfrf&t ami Beift Was the 
psalm-book of the BofoMWd Church. The 
French Lutheran Church, which froin the lirst 
used hymns in worship, felt lew the necessity 
of n complete Psalter. Tlio Frankfurt Pieaum«&, 
Iiynmee l et Caxtiqtivt (1612) contains 35 psalms 
by Mattkiea BurDuA. M. Douen also men- 
tions in his bibliography /<?« I'teamnes de 
Btliiid, aaec let hjmnti de D. JIT Luther *< 
anirty tloeinnrt de fEgiite mis oi vtn Jmnfoii 
eelon la riuw et oOMpOtiticn tfiientaiiifc. Mont- 
betiitrd, 1618. More tlian £0 versions were 
pnb, in the interval that preceded tlie revision 
of MnrOt fcud Beza. Two— a poor one by the 
AVbi PhUippa Bit Forlet (1591), and that by 
Oodeau, bishop of GruBse (1641), to which , 



PSALTEBS, FR&ttCH 



985 



Louis 3CIII. contributed four lunes, and which 
was interdicted, because the Huguenots, for- 
bidden for the titan to sing their own psalms, 
adopted it — were eflbrts within the ltomau 
Church. Those of Baif (1587), J. B. Chat* 
signet (1013), Bacon (1G31), Dtmamtt oVj 
Saint-Sorlin (1680), Were not intended for 
musk'- Louis des ifazurei (1557), CftrtWitrtI 
d» Perron (IMS), MoJherbe (1630), Comefllt, 
Basins, and his sou Lau.it, have left partial 
translations. In the Kcformed Church Charlet 
de HavHret, of the suite of the Prince of 
Orange, pub. (1560) a version, as an improve- 
ment in versification on Marot and Beza. 
Diedati » Psalter (1610) testifies to the grow- 
ing unpopularity ("attiedissemens et deagonto- 
meus ) of the French old version, but iu 
not designed for public use. 

2. The great change in tho French language 
towards the close of the 10th cent made tho 
old version grotesque and antiquated, " People 
feared," says M. Bovet, " that the passage of 
time would gradually make the Psalms un- 
intelligible, mid that the reproach of being 
written in a dead language would be as truo 
Of them as of tlie Latin." The general decision 
of tlie synods was for a revision, preserving tlie 
metres, and departing ae little as possible from 
the old version, The autlior of it was Valen- 
tino Conrart, the eminent founder of tlie French 
Academy. Tin? flirt e& is entitled — 

ic LiVne ifc* pmswhu ett wrt /ran foil, par (X 
Uarot ft TA. lie Btit. Kt.liiUckt* far ft* Sirtuti.ttt 
Qrmr&rt, lymtctllcr Sttretditt (iu R/:l/ . . . Itmi/rf 
parti*. 1H7, 

It contained only 51 jttalms, which are ad- 
mitted to 1» tlie work of Conrart aloue. Tlie 
complete veraon — 

Lei ftnBiiMB til iwi /ranfoiJ, Ttfoutltei ntr fan- 
cirnnc veitian. rarftu M. V, Conrart, Omuilttr, it*. 
, , . 1«9. 

was to some extent perfected by La Bastide, 
to whom Conrart hod entrusted his tsts. Gil- 
bert's Psalter asserts in the preface tlmt La 
Bustidc liad mode such large changes in 
Counwrt's t*it, that the 90 new psalms arc 
only nominally Ilia. But St. Uovct T s examina- 
tion cf tlie evidence decides — an tlie ground pf 
tlie expressions in tlie preface fe> the wl . of 1 677, 
and tho universal ascription of the version to 
Conrart alone, without mention of Iji Bos- 
tide, in Ifltters and acta of synods of the time — 
that La Bnstide's alterations were probably 
trilling. Conmri'S Psalter, though called a, 
xevision, and preserving here and there some 
plirases, and throughout tho metres of the old 
versifcsu, is in reality The French New Periion. 
When allowance is made for the difficult con- 
ditions of production, M. Bovet pronounces it, 
though unequal and sometimes deficient in 
Bpirit, a remarkable work ; recalling in parts 
the naive simplicity and lyric movement of 
Marot, in others the noble solemnity of the 
classic- language of tlie 17th cent 

3. The distressed condition of the French 
Huguenots under Louis XIY- preventing tlie 
authorization of this. book, in France, tho French 
exiles at Zurich appealed to the Church of 
Geneva as the chief of tlie French Reformed 
Churches, to take up the matter. In reply the 
Venerable Company of Pastors (tppninted thrrs 
of their body, Benedict Pic!ci,l>e In Bive, and 
Calandrin to review the version, adding as a 



936 PSALTERS, FBEHCH 

special instruction, that they should remove 
all phrases that saTOured of JcwUb ilfiUKsM 
tiouB against their enemies. The work was 
principally done by Fietet Saurin, UD avo- 
cnt of Nismcs, also assisted tho editors. Com- 
pleted in 1093, pub. in ltt95, the title of this 
edition seems to have been ; 

Lit fiajnait lit LKtiiiit wit bi lirj/rnij^ow JTScaJ 
iZe itduuean Jw F*:I frvcnfanU edition*, ft Quprr/we* par 
to Pattev-rt tt ymftaev/rt tit- l'£giut tt tie i'Atsdtnit 
tiiOtniv.. (TIU* of Sri «L 1701. The Ijt ed. Ig lost. ) 

Tho text of Cbnrart Is for the most part 
retained, with oecaao&al reversions to the 
language of the Old Version, and occasioned 
excision of phrases of it, which Conrart had 
snared. First need in public worship at 
Geneva in 1698, it was Kilt (1699) by the 
Yenernhle Company to the other Reformed 
Churches, and generally adopted by tho French 
refugees in Switzerland, and tiic national 
Churches of Erguel and NeuchAM. The 
Church of Berlin reserved to itself the right to 
make a few alteration*, which wore carried out 
by Be&nsobre, whom Frederick tha Great called 
H tho best pen in Berlin" and his subsequent 
colleague in the translation of the New Testa- 
ment, Leufant The title of this version is 

Let Ptsa«mtf tit ImrUi «» «er|. Sour. Si. TtlsiieSit 
«ne derntcrs/ei* tttr twin ctlla qui ont/n-ftftfr, ima. 

Tho Church of tho United Provinces, under 
tho leadership of Juiicu, resenting the assump- 
tion of primacy by Geneva, made a longer ro- 
giatouce. Bitter recrimination* passed, and 
the adoption of the new version 4iil stignia- 
iiaed as an act of schism. An unsuccessful 
attempt was made to produce u version or their 
own, and they fell back on the old version. 
After Jurieu's death, Conrart's version was 
made tho base of a new revision, which ie 
entitled : — 

lit Pmwvitt dt David mil <m VctsfrBM(ai* tt rt&K» 
mtr «rdr« du Spunk Walvn del JVouimw- I'nict. 
1TS0. 

It -waa authorized by the States General in 
1727. 

4. Tlic era of Conrart and Flclet marks the 
beginning of decline, The new versions never 
attained the popularity of the old. Tho uu- 
sjiitability for singing, not only of the impreca- 
tions, but of other portions more plainly showed 
Itself. Tbcy ceased to bo buiir as a whole ; and 
tho selection in actual use continually narrowed. 
Voltaire expended his -ridicule on them. Even 
the music began to give wa^ to new melodies. 
(The earliest substitution is by De Canine 
(1760), wlio abuses the old music roundly.) 
Hymns pushed out tho Psalms mom and more 
at the close of the 18th century. The collec- 
tions of St. Gall (1771) (md Berlin (1791) have 
only from 60 to CO Psalms, Tho Walloon 
Collection retained the whole Psalter, ivitli a 
Supplement of hymns (1802). Tho ed. of 
Bourrit, resulting from several commissions of 
tb* Churches of France and Geneva (1823). 
contained the whole Psalter in an abbreviated 
form, with several new melodies and altera- 
tions of the old ones. That Of Gallot of Neu- 
chatel (1830) was made an the same principle. 
Wilhem (1840) pub. a complete Psalter, with 
changes in the anisic, alteration of antiquated 
expressions and softening of the imprecations. 
The Beeueil Act PttaHmet et Cantiques, Pari*, 
1W0, has only 70 psalms : same of these 
fragments. 



PUBLIC BCfiOOL mMN-BOOKS 

5. A few among the 130 names in M. Douen's 
list of persons in the 18th and 19th centuries, 
who have dealt with the psalter, mnat be 
added. Iiefranc de Pompignan, Fere Mannel, 
and the Abbe' Pellegtin are known also as 
writers of hymns. Gabriel Gilbert, Resident 
of Queen Christina of Sweden at Paris, wrote 
a version (1680). Several versions by Pierre 
Symond, Jennet, Rivasson, and Joncourt ap- 
peared in the United Provinces during Jmieu's 
opposition to the Genera* reriaion. The 
seventeen odes of J, B. Bcussean, founded on 
the Psalms (1721^ bare been greatly ad- 
mired. That on Pa. 18, "Leecieus instniisent" 
is in GU. The Faultier Etmnf£tiqu.e of 
Daniel Zacharie Chatelain (1781) is an exam- 
ple ef that treatment of the Psalms, which Was 
common among the followers of Lnther, and 
which Watts elaborated — expansion of tho 
Psalms, in the .light of their evangelical ful- 
filment. Cesar Malan (q,v.) pub. Iss Chant* 
de Sion (50 psalms) in 1821, and a complete 
paalter. Lot ChttttU (f/jroflJ, in 1885. The 
version and the Tiinaio are new. Aaioui' recent 
editions may be named a Roman Catholic 
version, npntoved by Morlot, Abp. of Tours, 
Let Pmttfnt* mis en Quatrains par u» ancien 
Magitirat (Fey), 1644 ; that hy Hector de St. 
Wanr (18W), commended by M, Bovet : and 
that of Do 1a Jugie (1863), esteemed by M. 
Douen Uie hest of modem versions. 

AnUuurltlei. abtitnt )&rot tt 1* Ptattlitr Bagnt- 
tat, by M. Dou«a ; SUMre du Pttsutier itw Jytflilts 
Bc/ormmt.Ujy M. Filli Bovrt ; (HcmcRl Jfarcf, ami the 
Bufvettot Ftalter ; 4 eaiet of srtddM by G, A, t, f^fujM 
Criwfori} la l*< Mtttital Timet, 1381, [H. L, B,] 

Psalters, German. [Ti™™.] 

PflaitCTS, Soottlehu [Saottub. Hymnrfy,] 

Pealtera, Weigh. [WtUh Hjwoiy.] 
PublLo Bohool Hj-nm-Bookfl, Eng- 
liEdi, Introduction.— One of two relics of ihe 
nae of the Latin Hymns in our Public and 
Grammar Schools have been dLscovered and 
preserved in a small volume, edited by llev. 
J. W. Hewett, and entitled 8<mfn AaMvm'M. 
A GolUetim of Latin JPrat/erg note or lately 
useil is wn Cdkqet ami School* in Eng- 
land, 1965. At Winchester a metrical Latin 
rendering of Psalm 190, " To do profundi*, 
Summe Bex, 1 * waa sometimes snng after grace. 
The hymn "Jam lueimrtti sidere," used to bo 
sung on certain days, wbilo tlie boys walked 
in procession round Chumber Court. In Tits 
P Kilm*, Ilymni, Prai/ert, <?f«<w* attfl Dui^e 
Donttnn used ba the Scholars of IFVrteftesier 
CoUegt, 1845, it is described as " Hymens Mft- 
tutiiius die Becessionis ante Festum Peutc- 
cestis." The use of thin hymn may have been 
the germ from which Ken's ri Awake, my soul " 
originally sprung. It id still occasionally 
used in ChapeL At Eton, ns late as the close 
of Dr. Urate's HeadmaSterabip, 1830-9, the 
hymn " Salvntor mundi, llomine " formed port 
of tlio Fv^ning QFRce- " Jcsu Redemptoc 
omnium" waa used in 1573 at the Thame 
Grammar School among the prayers before 
Ictmnp; school, Tliese are in all probability 
survivals Of a very general if not universal 
hk of the Latin hymns at our old founda- 
tions. 

The hymn-books of the English Pub] to 
Bcbools are part of the modem hymn move. 



PUBLIC SCHOOL HYMN-BOOKS 

meat, and scarcely connected with this use of 
Latin hymns. Taking tlie hymn-books in 
chronological order, the Schools represented 
are: — 

I. En*bj. — The earliest of our modem 
Public School Hymn-Books is Fwilmt (km) 
Hpmns _/or the Use of R*$ty School Chapel. 
It «u in use in. 1837. There were perhaps 
two editions during Arnold 'a lifetime; the 
tart in thii hook of the hymn by J, H. Gur- 
ney, " W« n* Thee not when Thou didst 
bead" (q.v.% is said to be a revision of Ghuney's 
orijtinal hy Bnokoll. The earliest accessible 
edition (lKM).of thla book contains «, hymn, 
which could not have been added until after 
Arnold's death. Small as it in (18 Pit. 68 
.Hj/s.), and merely providing by mna for such 
Christian seasons as occur during the- school 
period, this little book contained very few 
pieces that are devoid of merit. The Psalms 
ore the best specimens of tlie Old and New 
Versions, ■with some from Watte, Montgomery, 
and Henry Yaughan; the hymns are for the 
most part standard hyuias at ihe present day, 
drawl from tlie Latin and German, from the 
We«leye> Ken, Keble, Hcbcr, and others. The 
hymns that are peculiar to it are those, partly 
original, partly tn. from German and Latin, \ 
by Bev. H. J. Buckoli, who is believed to have i 
edited the book, Two hymns of his — " for tlie 
first Sunday of the half war" ("Lord, be- 
hold n* with Thy bl*s«n$i "\ and •' for the last 
Sunday of the half year *' ("Lord, dismiss tie 
with Thy blessing ")— «e found in every Pub- 
he School hymnal. Shortly after Dr. Gnul- ' 
bum's entrance on the Headraestership, he 
issued (1S57), with, Mr. Backoll's assistance, 
the PmIws atittBwntf/ariht Use of tlie Congre- 
gation of liuqb'j School Chanel. All the pieces 
of tbe original nook, except 4, are retained ; 
16 new Psalm verswrns-^froln Milton. Keble, 
Trower and others: S3 hymns— frmu Isaac 
Williams, Ncale, Casnall, Trench, and older 
sources ; and an AvpanXix, containing a I^tin 
Yersion of P*. U7, "0 omnes gentcs undi- 
que" (taken from the Conununiun Office in 
the Liber preoUui.Ch. Ch., Oxford, 1726), with 
a tr, ■' all ye nations, praise the Lord," and 
a Selection of Psalms (Latin titles only) for 
chanting between the Litany, and the Own* 
itiUhioa Service (really the Ititroits from the 
1st Prayer Book of Edw. TL) are- lidded : tlie 
object being to increase the hymns for tlie 
Festivals and give a more decided Church tone 
to the hymnal. 

In 1ST6, BWuu for fat! Uu of Rvgbg School 
were published, edited by Dr. JeK-Blake, 
the Head Muster, assisted by a Committee of 
Master*. The division of the book into 
Psalms and Hymns was discarded, 11 pieces 
from the previous edition were omitted, and 
the total of p* alms and hymns together raised 
to S39. The names of the authors were Riven 
iu the index of first lines. Tlie new pieces 
Are chiefly from modem sources, and most of 
them the accepted hymns of our general col- 
lections. Some of the pieces are more of tlie 
class of devotional poetry than of hymns; 
two or three of the Latin hymns are given in 
the original. The tone of tlie book is pure 
and high : the hymns of praise full ; hut there 
is a dejection in some of those en Prayer, 
Faith, and Hope, which seems more adapted 



PUBLIC SCHOOL HTMH-BOOKS 037 

to older stages of Christian experience than 
that of the boy. 

tt. Hrum.— The next Public School to 
compile a Hymn-book for its own use was 
Barrow. Hymm for fhs Chapel of Burrow 
School were 1st pub. in 1865, edited by 
Dr. Yanghan (then Head Master). It la a 
far larger collection than either of the two 
prior Rugby hymn-books {24© hymns). The 
sources from which it is drawn are chiefly 
Watts and Doddridge, Gowper and Newton, 
the Wesleys, Heber and Milman, Ken, Keble, 
and the Metrical Psalms. It belong* to tlio 
o|der type of Church hymn-hooka; full of 
simple piety, with no great effort at relntkm 
with the Prayer Book ; often losing its direct- 
ness of address to God in reflection. The 
number of hymua on death seems out of pro- 
portion in a school collection. A few hymns 
(o.g, BuckolTs hymns for tlie opening; and 
ending of tlie Half-year) are apparently taken 
from the Rugby Collection. Tlie 3rd ed. Of 
this book (1886), edited by Dr. Butler (then 
Head Matter), retained all the hymns of Dr. 
Vaughan's hook, and raised tho number to 
351. Several of the new pieces are common 
to the newer series of hymnals, of which H. 
A. & M. is the type; others arc from less 
obvious sources. Hie hook in its present 
shape might be considerably reduced without 
the loss of really good hymns ; a pure ideal, 
an Anient thirst for holiness, nud a vivid faith 
in the Unseen God are its lending ideas. Some 
of the pieces or* too reflective to be suitable 
for direct worship, though useful for private 
meditation, 

ia. lUilbonfughi — The Marlborough Series 
of hymn-books commenced In 185G, with 
Plata and Humus for Ute in the Clutpel of 
Marlborough College. About hair of It* 100 
hymns are from the Bttgby prior editions ; of 
the other hymns thTce demand special notice, 
as having rightly been included in moat sub- 
sequent Public Sohotjl Collections; a hymn 
of Bp. Cotton's (apparently, from the descrip- 
tion of scenery, written at Marlborough), 
deeply imbued with the sense of tho beauty 
of creation, " We thank Thee, Zero 1 , for tht» 
fair earth"; a beautiful hymn by Dr. Jex-Blsko 
(then Assistant Master at Marlboicugh), on the 
gimlets, fulness, buoyancy of human life, 
which is so vivid to the boy, " Lord, we thank 
Tliee for the pleasure that our happy lifetime 
gives " ; and me for the Anniversaiy of the 
Consecration of The Chiipel (St Michael and 
All Angels) by Arclideacon Farrar, ''Father, 
before Thy throne of light, the guardian 
angels bend." These three hymns are an 
excellent illustration of a principle that runs 
through the numerous editions that followed 
under the successive* Head Musters of Marl- 
borough (see below)— the production of a 
book, not only good in itself, and reproducing 
the hymns endeared by tho associatiOLs of 
home, but specially meeting tho needs and 
aspirations of a Public School community. 
On the side of hoyliocd, this aim reaches 
its fullest achievement iu the edition of 180° ; 
it may be traced in the simplicity and clear 
reality, witb which tho Christian ideas of 
faith, penitence, frailty, dependence, and the 
stainlessness of heaven ore presented, iu the 
absence of morbid longings for death, ia 



938 PUBLIC SCHOOL HYMN-BOOKS 

hymns of fortitude and endeavour, in jubilance 
and thanksgiving, and in celebration of God's 
glory in nature. The edition of 1869, and 
still more that of 1878 (which adds several 
rarer pieces, especially from the German, and 
had greatly enhanced the effect of the general 
hymns by massing them more broadly, under 
the headings of Praise, Prayer, Faith, and 
Hope), recognize the further fact* that the 
atmosphere of culture at a Public School per- 
mits and demand? a higlier literary and poe- 
tical standard, careful editing, and such full 
indication of sources and minors, as may 
encourage and suggest atndy of tho history of 
hymns. Among tho more choice pieces are 
borne by Dean Stanley and F, T. Palgrave. 
The names of authors are given at the foot of 
each hymn, as well as ill an index. The edi- 
tion of 18<J0 has in au Appendix same beautiful 
Selections of devotional poetry, from the Chris- 
tian Year and other suuiccs. Very little use 
is made of translations from the Latin. 

It. OheltMttm. Sec § xiii. Bibliography. 

t, fi*pton. — The Bepten Series of hymn- 
books began in 1859. The 103 hymns of the 
1st ed. were reprinted in the 2nd ed., 1SG4 
(HI pieces), and in the 3rd ed„ 1869 (151 
pieces). Thcso three editions vers compiled 
m Dr. Peon's He&dmostership. The 4th ed., 
1S74 (211 pieces), and tbe 5th ed., 1S«1 (216 
piL-ces), were compiled under Dr, Hnckin's 
HendinoStenhip. AU but 20 from the original 
editions arc retained in that of 1981; several 
of thorn sire of no particular merit, 4nd might 
well be omitted in any new edition : and the 
alphabetical arrangement, nowhere so ineffec- 
tive as in a Church hynm-bbok, should be 
abnddoued. This series shows no special con- 
nection with other Pnblio School hymn- 
books, nnd has no very salient features. 

vi. WdJin^w*.— The Ut ed. of The ffymn»* 
look fur tfw U*& of Wellington College, ap- 
peared in 1S60. The three editions published 
during Dr. Benson's Hcadmastership only add 
about 20 pieces to those of the 1st edition 
(Iu2 pieces), which is always substantially re- 
tained. In the psalm versions by Montgomery 
and Keble, and other pieces, and to the re- 
production of the Psalms (quoted by their 
Latin bondings only) from tho 1st Prayer 
Book of Bdw. v I., the book has affinities with 
the Rugby edition of 1350. But tbe sources 
from which the hymns aie drawn arc far 
wider The hymns and irt, from the Latin, 
by L Williams, Chandler, OuAwftU, And others, 
wbivrli reproduce Ure spirit <>f the Bievinry, are 
largely used. Pieces by our older poets, by 
the Wesley s, Cowpcr and Newton, Hcber and 
Milman, Keble and Newman, Professor Bright 
and Bp. Wordsworth, are combined with the 
fomillar hymns of our general books. The 
principal pieces that are peculiar to (he 
volume are the hymns and hs. from tho latin 
by Archbishop Benson himself. The special 
characteristic of tbe booh: is however by HO 
means indicated by the taupe and judicious, 
ncss of selection, TJie order in which Iho 
hymns are to be used is fixed beforehand with 
elaborate care; so that morning, and night, 
each day of the week, each season of I he 
year, each Holy Day, each Festival, each Bun- 
cay, by its own never varied cycle of hymns 
enforcing the great teaching of the Prayer 



PUBLIC SCHOOL HYMK-BOOK8 

Book Offices or tho ckaiigoa of nature, may 
have its distinctive familiar Jl lustration. The 
idea at the root of this arrangement Is evi- 
dently that prescription of hymns, as on in- 
tegral part of the offices and an illustration 
of them, which tbe Breviary exhibits, and 
which our Prayer Book would have retained, 
if tho Latin hymns, as well us the other parts 
of the offices, bad beeu translated by the 
Reformers. The book is intended to repro- 
duce this harmonious Impression of hymn and 
office, and this power of association through 
stated repetition, while pressing into service 
til* accumulated wealth of our subsequent 
English hymns, and the best attainable repre- 
sentations of tl>e great Latin hymns them- 
selves. It lias thus a value beyond that of a 
Public School hymn-book; and It illustrates 
the gains, as well as tho losses, of the omis- 
sion at the Befommtion, Under the present 
Head Master (Rev. B. C. Wiekham) aa Ap- 
pendix, -which in the 5th edition of the book 
contains 74 hymns, and lntroits, has been 
added, It is a great enrichment to the book, 
and composed of hymns, which are in general 
use, vith the addition of 4 Latin hymns in 
the original. Many of them are allotted to 
special Seasons and Festivals ; and the book 
could easily be re- cost on its original prin- 
ciple, admitting the new hymns as ultema~ 
tives ; or the appendix might bo classified. 

to. Clifton. — Tli* Clifton Series betcan in 
1S(j3, with PinJmt oftd Hymm far ths Uie of 
Cliftm College (23 Ps,, 145 Hys), It is eTi- 
dently in very largo mensurc a reproduction 
of the Marlborough edition of 1962, and has 
few hymns from any other source. Tlio 2nd 
(1878) and 3ni(1885) editions have very little 
in common with the 1st, except pieces which 
are in universal use, The total in tlio 3rd ed. 
only reaches 111 pieces (68 of the 1st ed., 46 
new one*). The 100 pieces that have been 
rejected were for the most part inferior ones : 
of the few good ones, Bp, Cotton's hymn, 
"We thank Thee, Lord, f™ this fair earth," 
and Dr. Jox-Blake's * Lord, vru thank Thee 
for the pleasure," are the most surprising ex- 
clusions. In ils present shop®, the Gliftot. 
book is a small collection of good hymns, of 
pure and. healthy tone, drawn chieily from 
modern sources, die more special hymns being 
trt, by T. E. Brown from the German ; it Jim 
no very salient features as a Fuhlic School 
hymnal. The names of tlie authors and com- 
posers are given at the foot of each piece, as 
well as in a separate index. Tho music of 
this book has been prepared with great cure. 

■rili. BWbonw wii r/ppuf-Lua. — The Sher- 
borne Ptahtt and Hymns, 1867, are of the 
Hughy and HtwlbQrough type, and apparently 
borrow greatly from tliose hymn-books. Die 
Hymn-book for ths f/w of Uppingham and 
Sherborne Schools, 1874, reprints the bulk of 
the Sherborne book, omitting tho Anthems. 
It is enlarged to 354 pieces by tho addition of 
good general hymns, in common use, and a 
number of original pieces by the Kev. E, 
Hiring, the Head Master, and the Rev. God- 
frey Thring, and translations from the German. 
The latter are characterised by a higher 
standard of metrical and poetical expression, 
for which German musio is largely nsed. 
This appeal to a more cultured taste it further 



PUBLIC SCHOOL HYMN-BOOKS 

encouraged by an appendix of devotional 
poetry, containing soma poems of singular 
ti(*uty. The wbole book is set to music, and 
contains music for the Canticles and Respon- 
ses, Some of the tunes are by Mr. P. David. 
la 1888 tlrt Head Matter of Sherborne, the 
Rev, E. M. Young, pub, Hymns for the Uie of 
SherbttTHS School. It is n choice selection, fo 
well edited, and bos been broaglit down to the 
latest date. 

It. RuuH. — ifjfrruif /or f *s sii &e Cftapei 
o/ Bowall Sehad, I860, is one of the best 
Public School hyrfln-books. It i» mainly 
founded on the Marlborough edition of 1878, 
and draws largely from the same sources — 
Watts and Doddridge, the Weslcys, Mont- 
gomery, Hcber, Kehle, Mrs. Alexander, Pr, 
Booar, and Bliss Winkworth. Among the 
rarer pieces aro sonic by l^rofessor Bright, Bp. 
Walaham How, Mr. F. T. Fulgrave, Do»n 
Stanley, Dean Plur/iptrc, Miss Procter, the 
Bev. John EUcrton, and the Uev. H. A. 
Martin. Tho book is designed to oppress 
"the hopeB and fears, tho difficulties, trials 
and temptations of school-boys," and it largely 
achieves its object by the fnll and buoyant 
prsise, the Sense of the gladness of life, and 
the glory of nature, and the tright Christianity 
it present*. Some of tho pieces suu mora of 
the order of devotional poetry than hymns; 
bat good pieces of this kind haw more justi- 
fication in a, school hyntn-baob than elsewhere. 
Hymns " of which tho burden is. tho weariness 
of earth and the longing for death," liavc been 
specially excluded. The book is carefully 
edited, as regards text, Indices, and indication 
oF the authors ut the foot of each hymn. 

x. Hew Bynm-Bwka, — New hymnals aro in 
course of preparation at Wettnmntvr and Mur- 
ehaat Tat/Ion' School*. Tho flrat, following 
the lead of the Abbey hymn*], will euskiinu 
hymns of old lfVcalimustors as one of its dia- 
tiuotive ch&moters. The latter will pay some 
attention to liiitin hymns. 

xl, AppwdliuL — It may be noted that an ana- 
logy exists between the various Appending in 
theso books for private use, and the often for- 
gotten ontena of hymns for private duvotioi!, 
of which the Sorum anil Reformation Printers 
exhibit early examples, and the Primer* of the 
17th cent. Uesidea these there arc Ken's 
great hymns for tho use of the Winchester 
scholars; a book dedicated to Etonians by 
Randolph Gilpin, lAtu/ftjia iaa-ii. r.ufr-u- Ifoj- 
bitico . . , vd optouiir tpirilmilia . . . Hiam 
paerie Aequstanda, 1<J57 ; and the Latin hymns 
attached to the edition of Herbert's Church 
Parch with AVdv, by Canon Lowe, and ethers. 
(Parkers, 1867.) 

idL DomIm™. — Some of the aims and diffl- 
cultk-sof the task or Compiling a School Jiyiun- 
book can be easily gathered from Ihia review 
of the hooks. It should have some relation to 
childhood, so ftr as tho child's devotion re- 
mains true and touching to the boy ami oven 
tlie man. It should express as fully as pos- 
sible tborfe spiritual moods — such as, on tlio 
ono hand, the sense of dependence and frailty, 
young sorrow and penitence for falls, puiity 
and tho high vision of heaven, and on the 
oilier, stedfastueas, resolve, the f«ciu£ of odds, 
the warrior and chivalrous aspect of the cross, 
the thrilling memory of prophet and apostle, 



PUBLIC SCHOOL HYMN-BOOKS 939 

saint, hero and martyr — which vibrate in tho 
boy's soul and eansclenoe. It should bo rich 
in praise and jubilance, penetrated with tlio 
majesty of Gud's creation, mid tho God-given 
bcanty of human life. Its two greatest dan- 
get* are puerility and unreality. 'la the 
hivf, boys, especially in the higher forms, aro 
intensely opposed ; tho second, by rdflcing in 
their moults oppressions that ore untrue to 
their nature (such as a longing for death), 
turns worship into something little removed 
from acting. As designed lor a community, 
drawn from the liigher ranks, and through its 
masters and Older boys, full or culture, it 
should not only bo thoroughly edited, in tko 
matter of purity of text, exact indication of 
the boutco and authorship of each pic-ce, 
effective grouping of the general hymns 
under declared headings and full indices, but 
it should aim at a higher lufuk of imagination 
and poetical form; and in schouJs of tlie 
Church of England, tlie hymn-hook should 
bo in the fullest sense the hand-nuiid of the 
Prayer Book, enhancing, not crossing her 
utterance of doctrine, illuiiniuitiug kur festi- 
vals, and through the Latin hymns (some-, 
times even in the original) attesting her deep 
root in the Catholic past 

wit, BwlufTapny, The following is a, full 
list of the hymn-boois of the English. Publia 
Schools : — 

I, ClttHenbanH, 1st ei, tr.D. 111 Hys., S Box. 2nd 
ed. k<o, WO Fly*., IAijc, Tkle book Jfl bo Uiupn' Id iik. 
[SasTlllMU.J 

3. rttftm. let &J., rj»f)H* o*ii /ftnutftlWl SJ Ti. 
U* Hys. tnJ mi AntJiem, ?aJ ed.. l^m«i «)n( Ma, 
lslS, h* Hj5- 3n| Hi., J/iWH( mill Tmit'. ISSS, 114 
Hjf. [Eil^ it? cuni|(llfi! fy Dr. I4rctv»l, llie 3rd l>y 
Jftv, J, JI, Wilson; desisted In e»di wju; Ijj <i Com- 
mittee of JlwrtenJ TIk i«l e<1< Jn*?pemlfn(. Uk aid 
&l. jfjirlnkd In U« Sni. the 3iil Hi. relaslules S«mt4t 
10T Ill's, of tic let eil. rolwted by the Sod «<l. 

3. Momno. 1st eti.. Zfjnnltf. ISfS. 2lOI!j«. taiiDaz, 
Slid «!.. 1817, i nrriut; Snt «d„ 1SS6. 3» llji., 3 Dm, 
[K*l. 1. i bj lie, Viugliau, ed. 3 liy Pr, Rutin-.] 

A. HaribvroKgh. IbI «l. t FsaliRS AnA IFffmut,. 1SSS, 
llw piac«B (Pb, Bull liyn. iabernil^ed) ■Iplubvtk'^llj 
irraiigtd, xnj ed> ff, ami !!«'., tate. 2 J 1*h, isj Hys,, 
•jilI au Anthem. Sju fd Ht 11. mtd Hyx. SJ Fd., l'ii llySH. 
luiil an Anthrai, <tli «d., ft. Jmtl Ha., IsiiS. 23 I'e., 
iflallyji,, in.! til AutJieni. nil &I. T Wjhiuj. isca. aa 
Uys. mkI en Autlh-ai, and jjijaendV* fur privile dew 
rltia (is Hj-b,), Stli *d., /(itoifli, IRJm. so ITys., 31 
Antlifliid, turt llllrtJl*. [The HI ed. hslmw to Bp. 
Cuitou'd H«adai4Bienlj]i>, edfl. 2-5, to Tir. Bradley's ed., 
& to Dr. Bell's, Tin folic ot tuc in ed. is rttailMd 
Ihjoa^hoiil.] 

S /tepfym. lsttJ.,/I^f]i,iaiB. uaHje. aided., 

//JBIFH, 1SSI. ](l UyS. 3ld CJ.. fjfUINH., 1909. 1« 

llj-e, 4th cd„ JftmuMali, sn Hya. (.ih «).. /Jj™>lf, 
1BS1. 218 Hjb. TLe hymns in ill llie cillUuns m 
aliibBlxiicBlLy KTTBitg^iL [BJn. 1-J belong to Ijr. Pears'* 
rt^uilidisUintLlji, eds. 4, &, lu I>t. HiKklaj.] 

s. nmaih in/nut. ihso. ;gi Hja, Rcr. h. a. 
James. Huw jind enlarged ed, lsso. 

&hwl Chopel. mt iml 2nd ea. prim to 1331. Ed. of 
liM: IS I'b., ft* llj-s. Ed. of HJT : a* Ft,. ISI Uja. 
jlJWnitiFl. Ed. <lt 19TC, Ifymnt, 339 llj-s. [1'hs 
oandi<nt eda. compiled I15 Pr, Arnold uid Kcf. il. T. 
IKu'fcull ^ odc liyitm, :T lurt AKrf, adnled ill Dr. Tail's 
HcadmaBtaraldy*; Ibc cdillcn ^f 1B51 coflapllml by Dr. 
Cmlliurn ami llcr. II. J. IIiKlmll; till; HlitiouoC IsKS 
lay Dr. .lei-liliS? uid a OmnmittK or J1n»k-ts.] 

0. iVfitj'fwnh: school. J'scdms anil Hymns, laoT. 13a 
lljs. and ^6 Antlh^ms. 

9. E7pj>t"fi^aMi a«(t imri'Oornc. //jmiR-iAK^ ^r fAa 
r»! ijf rjujniNjSni", nn'l SArrhniu flt , ft'*ilt, 1674. SSi 
llys. uid J^iendii of dowitiimil jwictrv. n-ltli S3 IJyt. 
Rtkci«l lrv Hi* Ikad MnMriT. Ktv. E, Tlirinf-, 41WI 
Rpr. Er. Harpor. The muak, oy Mr, T. Pavid and 
Hi. J. HLcmdalQ H<mneU, MiihIc Mjiater *. of tlie ScIiodIb, 
ftuKantfl t!> I lie l"Salnin and Cknlldfs as wll *" tliB 
Hyenas. A ihw neWtlun ttu pub. In lees bj tin Kev. 
B M. Touue ta Hymns fur tht ut* ofshtr&omr sduxt, 



940 PUCHTA, CHRISTIAN K, H. 

1968, It oontalr* SM nynma, and tbrts carefully 
ooaiill^d IlHUceS, 

Id, wuHnfton, 1st ed„ J&wff JBw*. i«J, :«lBj«, 
and Commcmoratloa of tbe Pake of Wtmnjt™. ind 
ad.. iQrian-jSwfr. left, iw Hjs., Cvnuneinontloa. 
Introlta (SJ). Ps. Vo be used la place of InlrcUs. 3rd 
ed., aims title, 1873. 1*1 Hys., OoaimesuiuUoB. In- 
traits, and fialxw Li place or Intrntta. 4th ed. Reprint 
of the 3rd, -with tn JjjmiKz, 66 Hja, IMS. ttb ad. 
Reprint of aid, with an Jpgtniie tt t* Hys. sad Intnili* 
Ibr th» Fwtirili, isw. [Eds. 1-3 edited by Dr. Benson, 
Hun H*ad Muter (Abp. of Canterbury). Eds, 4. 5 bj 
B*r. & C. Wlckhaai. Tbe lint edftkm, wltb vrar 
Blight coangaa, In retained thttmgliollt.] 

At Cftdridr' UowSU; dig of London; DtA- 
aieh; Eton; Shrtstetbwry ; St. PttitVt; and 
other*, there are no special hymn-beok?, 
JJ. A. A JfcT. being that commonly in use. 

[H L, B.] 

FucMa, CfliriBtian. Rudolph Heln- 
rich, s. of W. H. Puehtft, then residing as 
Juitixrath at Kadoizburg, near Nflrobei^, was 
b, st Kadolzhurg, Aug. 19, 1808, H* mitri- 
ciliated at the UniYeraifcy of Erlangen, ip 
ISKO, and completed bis theological wqrse ot 
Berlin. In 18S2 he was appointed Stadtvicar 
(general assistant preacher) at Mjiniflh, wliere 
he became aaguunted with mails' ™.«n of 
light and leading; and in 1337 became re- 
petent in theology at Erlangee. In 183S he 
was appointed professor of Philosophy (Hid 
Religion in the newly organised Lyceum at 
Speyer (Spiles), but hia nervous system broke 
down in 1841, and he had tu be Cunfined In 
the innatto asylum of Winaeutlial, Wilrttem- 
berg. After a tear be wm able lo take charge 
of the perish of Eyb, near Anabacb, and then 
became, in 1852, second pastor, and id. 1856, 
first pastor of St. James's Churoh, in Augs- 
burg. He d. at Augsburg. Sept. 12, 1S&S 
(Koch, viL -277 ; AUq. Deuttcke Biog. xxvi, 
(587, *c>. 

Fuclita n*d A Benulos poetic faculty, and a mastery of 
style. His early poems were aecclar , his later were 
motlly hymns. His nynuis were mainly nmnl for jwi- 
v»tc tz«, md ipuHKU principtlly In lib Jfcwyan- und 
Jdetui Jwtiuiteit a*) C^ritfliiA™ /rtumjtar (it <?a«n- 
a™, ErLui*eii, 1943 (2nd ed. IBS*. 3rd l»*»). Beddu 
tbe**, 38-^liicLiidlii( n (ft, from tbe Latin— wm given 
In Kbpr/a CArisiKirjH, lB3l-lSi2. A fair otim, vilb 
> HlectlMi of hi* jriKnu, edited \if Kmpp, ippuTcd In 
his fmntJmoKHB Uftf^cii!, 3tnttfA>t, Isto. ItDapp in big 
ife. L. £, 1910, IftdnJdl agliTiDiM bj Fncbts, lid In his 
edition of 1BII do l™ than. 42. PJcoU thb *]» ooa of 
tbe editor) 9f tbo S«viir<Mi C. Jt., ISii. Tlmsa of hlu 
brmiu wbkh have HUmd Into Kngllali (all from tali 
SsmaOar, laisl mu-> 

i, Hj. hto« /i*r i«t a n g aBMi gM. JWw Tur. In 
lets, p. 113, u alma. 111 t et., antliled, " S«v "Xear's 
MortiJji e . ,p lb Enaup'e JT*. i. .v.. 1B50, No. list. Tr. 
m, " ADcfMi 1 year w» now bare cutei'd," fay Misa Bor- 
ItnEbun. in tbe BritUk Bctali, Janiuir, 1864, p. 180, 
•nd RtWl» t>rai,s J*, i»»i. 

II. H«T 4tH Hbuub, Qott dor Onlat. fflHHbtjf. 
In 1 W3. p. J, 18 aboro, ip $ at., entitlad ' > Sttmlaj- Hom- 
ing." Ill Jdum 1SW, Ko. 1171. Tr. **, "Ood of 
fltw and Lard Of be»Ten," In L. RabfuM»'l CJlUft* ol 
Shi. 1MB. p. 88. 

1U. Eur *ia f*n*cr t ri Je m tm, i 5 ^ ikt &it$c< In 
18*3. P, «T, » KboTe, In 6 at., entitled, " In alxkneH. 
First evenbic." Ja fwqip, 1«SD, Mo, 2S8S, re. u, 
'■ Lord, a wbol« long daj of )Jaln T ' J tiy J/tti ft'i'tttluei'lA, 
1989, p. «l. Hat Bt i.-lv. an No. 3C3 In Bp. Byte's 

OJ!., iaen. [J. M.] 

Fusr mttUB in. Bethlehem. [Clrf**> 
nuu.] A beautiful and aimpkt Christmas 
carol on the adotatwo of the Chi'd bv the ox 
and ass, and the vijit to Him by the Magi — so 
equally appropriate for the Epiphany. It be- 
came a. great farourite in Ijermfmy, and Is 
found in many varying form*, The oldest 
text known is given by Q. M. Dreree, in hid 



PUKR NATUS IN BBTaLBHUM 

Casiioftts foAestuoe, I88S1 Ko. 178, fwim » 
Benedictine Procefrsionot of the beginning of 
the 14th cent., formerly belonging to the 
monastery of St. Gewrg at HradiBOh, near 
Olmntx, and now in the UnLrerrdty Library at 
Prog. Here it has ft st , vi*. :— 

li. Awumiieit canHm filliHi 111. FerOibrleleni nan- 
trdni ; It. TaUfnam bpodsus de ttuuuno ; v, Fooitur tn 
nraeBepio; vi. CognoVlt b» el islniw ; vil. rUgel da 
Saba veniunt ; v|l|. Intnntn dotntlin I HI [ia 111 ; Is. 
Trine unl Kmpltemo. iTomUia Otntbmaltt JbHabaki, 
c. 1430. ba adds. x. Bit bnudlcta Trinltas. 

Thia text, in 10 st, it also fonnd in the 
Hertford Brer, of 1505, where it is appointed 
for the Epiphany. Wacksnuigel, 1., arm. SOS- 
SIS, gives 10 forms of varying length, the 
oldest being from a Munich mb. of (he 15th 
cent. This has B stanzas, vix, 1, 5 (reading 
"Hio Janet "), C, 7, 8 of the above text, and a 
0th st, r " Ergo nostra concio." 

The text, which passed intft tbe German 
Lutheran hymn-books and survives, e.g. in 
Burg's G. It., Breelau, 1740, No. 393 (eooh si 
being followed by a German (r.), appeared in 
V. Babsf s G. B^ Leipzig, 1515, hud ia Wacker- 
twyei't No. 310. It has 10 St., viz. 1, 5 (read- 
ing " Hie jaoet"), fi, 7, 10 (reading « Lntldetur 
eancta "), and 

v. De autre natus virgins ; vl. Sine Btrjwiitls vulners ; 
vli. In fjiine nobis aimllia j vlli. Ut redder*! bos bu- 
ufnu ; is. In hoc natall gnuiilo. 

Theae interealated stanxas seem to be of later 
origin {if not Post-Itefomiation), and to have 
been added to give the hymn a more then* 
lagleal ring. The text of 1545 ts in Dattitl.i., 
No. 480; and also in Trench ed. 1804, with 
the stamsa'Intnntesdoniuniinviceni" added. 
3V. oa:— 

1. Ths CliUUbori. in BetUdun. By Elizabeth 
Charles, In her Veict af Christina Life in Song, 
1858, p. 173, in 1 1 *t. of 2 I. When repeated in 
the People's B., 18137. it was slightly altered, and 
the refraJD "Alleluia" wis added to each stanm, 

1. Iifut bora la a<*M«i"»| Bom U u« J«nua- 
tfni. Anonymous in Mrs. Carey Erotk'3 Child' 
rm'i H. Bk., 1881. 

Otiartri. arf \ — 

l. A. Babe in Eetbltbem t#bom. w.J. BUu>. ias3-SJ. 
2- A Child is bora lb Bethlehem, Pjjoiee, rfloke, 
JeMualem. J. W. Htvutl, ]ai). 

3. A Cbtld la born la Betilriem. And Jcjfttl la 
Jaruaalem. B. F, Lltlledtle. In Iiffo *Mita"*M, 
186*. p. 6». 

4, A CulU U bom In Dtlfilrbem. Reloke and *lag. 
It*. P. Stbulf, in bia C Aril I in jbf^i, K^f, 19ES. 

8. A Child Is bom in Bethlehem ; Emit Tor Joy, tc. 
CUlgrtter with tlu Latin), IT. H. Jfiwill, 19}C. 

6. A Buy it bom tn Belblebem. jT J, D. JJjdir, in 
O. 3hl[)li}j's annul Haittlfr* J 88 J. 

7. A Oiild £■ bom In Delhlehtm. And Joy is In Jetn- 
aikan. V. s. Worsley. In Ids I'txini. 4c. 18T*. 

Thia hymn has been very frequently f>. into 
Owman, the versions ranging from that by 
Heinrich of Laufenberg in 1489 down to 
recent times. The version in German Protes- 
tant hymn-books ia generally that In V. 
Balm's G. B, 1&45. which begini, "Eon Kind 
gcbotn zu Bethlehem," and is in 10 st. or 
Latin, with interlROed German versions of all 
save iL {thence in Wackersattti, ii. p. 701). In 
later books, eg. Burl's Cf. B., Breslau, 1746, 
tn. of st ii., x^ are added, ftorn the text or V. 
Schumann's G. B,, Leipzig, 1539. In the 
Roman Catholic hymn-books it ia fovxti In 
a great variety of forms, but all, or almost all, 
beginning " Em Kind geboro zix Bethlehem." 



PTJ&NATE, CHMBTI MHITES 

The text used by Miss Huppna is that in the 
SL G>*11 KaOJitclit* G. B., 18(53. The tr#. 
from the (Jennau Are (1) "A Child ia bum 
in Bethlehem, There's joy In all Jerusalem," 
By Br, H. Harbaugh In the German Reformed 
Guardian, Dec, 1666, p. SI*, {SO "A Child 
m ham in Bethlehem, Therefore Lb glad 
Jerusalem." By Miss Huppus, na No. 304 
fei B. Paiton Hood's CfeJaWs CS«r, 1870. 

[J. M.] 

Pugnato, Christ! militee, lAHSoinUl 
This hymn, in common with "Coeleati& 
Jerusalem" (p. HO, 11.), is usually given as 
being id the fa™ jfj«riary of 173)}. Thia is 
however not the case, It is found in the ,Br«j. 
of Chalons-sur-Hame, 1736 (HiemaJia, p. 148), 
appointed Tor Saturday : in the Autism Bren. 
of 1746; the Pari* Brev. of 1822, and other 
French Dm* Also in Card. Newman's 
JHjrmm EoeUtiw, 1838 and 1865. JV. as .-— 

I, BalAun* -win tfl fflixin lelttift. By I- Wil- 
liams, in hie ,W#j, jr. /rum /4a Parisian ZJrrswr^, 
1899, p. 25S, in 5 it. of unequal lines. This 
was rewritten for the Hgwatarg, 1872, Mid re- 
peated from the /fymnnry in Thong's Celt, 
1882. 

*. BoUkn wh* an CJmltt'l W*w- By J, H, 
Clart, written it Maraton, Montgomery, on 
Palm Sunday, 18U5, and pub. in the 186S jijj- 
p&ttj!n to /f. J. ^ Jf. Also in the revised 
edition, I8T5. 

Inatbtt tr. U s — 

Soldfem of Chrbt, light mwfaLlT. J.J, A, JK^hi. 
let*. [J, J.] 

Pullajin, John. [Old v™***, § is. 4.] 



JeanSttp- 
V.Jt] 



Pnlsum ftupernis sodibus, 

tide dt> SanttOU. rJnmuKtotfen 0/ B. , 

Appeared in the CTkwhK Brew'am, 1686, p 
9J0 ; in Santeuil's Jfymni j&wri et Jftwi, ]G6if, 
p. 3 (ed, 1668, p. 88), Mid in the Farts Breviary, 
1736, when « is appointed for the Feast of 
the Annunciation at Lauds. The text is also 
in J. Chandler's By& 0/ (fce PrimiUw Church, 
1837 ; Curd. Newman's fljnim EedmM, 1838 
und 1865 ; and H. M. Mncgill's Songs 0/ the 
Christian Creed & Life, 1870. IV. na :— 

Lotr tlna the n*U*a asmui i*». By J. Chand- 
ler, in hii ffj*. 0/ £1* JVi'm, CAtireS, 1837, p. 
100. Tiij* ia given in several collections, And 
sometimes with alterations. In the iltpnnartj, 
1872, it begins " Fur from thsir heme, our fal- 
len nee." The alterations in this «•" are 
umewhat uttwerauii. 

OtLtr tn. uti — 

1. Dtiv«a twin Ihelr borne, their imthwiy 1ml. /. 
Witifam** 1639. 

S. Eitl'd from rimJIs; und Heurtn. iv. Fulmtr. 
IMS, jx. M. 

3. Ami ituideHn, bulshed fteni tbeir tmKHfc J!. 
OhijAgU. 185*. 

4. Cjmi out from Edfin'a Iuppy home, lijttt Scottish 

EpilOTpM RltT. 0/ ffjTIIlJ, Ac. ISM. 

J. Dawn Irom tbe Tulnu of tfotf driven. H- M. 
MacgiXl. 167a. [J, J.] 

Pnnahon, WilUam Morley, ' ll.d. 
This rrentlj and juatly hotionred nAme of 
recent wesleyan Methodiun fiada a tiny niabe 
jn thi* mirk from a thin poetic vein, which 
gave him much enjoyment, if its working cut 
muat be eonfeaacd to hav» yielded nothing of 
permanent value for hymnodv, or at all com- 
paiable iritn hie splendid eervwe to the Ohria- 
ti»n Obnrcb aa preacher and lecturer. Bis 



PUKE SPIRIT, O WHBBE 941 

1 contributions to J. Lyth'a Wild Floaers, or, a 
' Selection of Original Poetry (1849) [eeo Ljik, 

J., p. TOT i], though renrinted in 1846, 
speedily withered as '' ilow«rs " in a horttu 
nicett*. Hia Lam of Hope (1S5S) waa no 
advance on the TFiW Flowert. His ^oinli 
Ghiatei, or, Meditati<m» in Fww /nr llus Skm- 
rfoy* o/ a Year (18G7), Euggeated inCYitahlo 
comparisoms with Keble'a claeaio of the Chris- 
tian Year. Throughout, the tbinltltig ia 
bewildtringly nmtgra, the ecntiment common* 
place, the workmanship clumsy and poor. 
Ease and inspiration are absent. His Life haa 
been amply and lovlrirfy "written by F. W. 
Macdonald and A. H. Reyntur (1887); and it 
ia a noble and beautiful story. Ho was b. at 
Doncaater on 20th May, 1^24, only child of 
John Funehoa and Elisabeth Morley. Tho 
latter waa of a gwod family. H» lost his 
parents in boyhood- Through maternal rela- 
tionship, young Puushou was introduced to 
commercial life id Yorkshire, Hull, &c. He 
maiked 29th Movcmber, 183S, na tho day 
of his spiritual birth. In 1842 he began to 
be heard of locally as a preacher, being still 
in easiness. Id 1844 be proceeded to the 
Methodist Theological Inatitute at Richmond ; 
but Temaiued there only a few months. He 
plefcrrcd evangelizing to etnted preaching 
He leapt into popularity at a bound, probably 
not to hiagaiB, oittier intellectually or morally, 
though his diary hreathes an admirable 
humility. In 1854 ho mado his advent as a 
lecturer f:y hie Prophet o/Hortb. The imprea- 
si«n made by it wae amazing. Then followed 
otheia, with ever deepening and widening im- 
pression. Contemporaneous with hie abundant, 
Over-nbundant pieaobing and platform speak- 
ing, was such quantity and finality of efteftlTe 
woik and aervice in raising large bulks of 
money for Christian and other missionary 
and eduL'ntional work as astounda a reader 
of his Life. lie was five times President of 
the Canadian Methodist Couference (1868-72), 
and once of the English Conference (1875). 
His degree of Liud. vras conftored upon him 
by the Victoria University, Cobouig, Canada, 
in 1873. Throughout, in private and public, 
he was a large^aouled, wlwle^hearteo, true 
man of God. " Weakened by tho way " 
on the continent, he slowly worked his way 
home, and after a brief final illness, fell gaotly 
and softly asleep oa April 14, 1£81. His 
hymnn in the Wei. U. Bh, lS7i, end the 
Mdk. S, S, H. Bh. t 1879, are :— 
1. Lfoten : tlK Mm If r bcSMCheth, fir. work is tkt 

■i. SwBBt it tlit bTinllsbt sfier nln. SsaAty JaDrotnf. 
3, We nwltB to-diy vita antoems swtet. Sumlasf 

No. 1 is in the JUefi, 8. S. S. Etc., 1879 ; and 

2 and 3 are from the Sabbath Chimee, 1867. 

[A. B. Gj 

Pure spirit, O where art thou now P 
Anna L. Barbatild. 1>& Aikin, [Death and 
Buriall Pub. iu The Works 0/ Anna iwh'tffl 
Uar&Htfd, with a Memoir. 1825, vol. i. p. 224, in 
9 et. of 4 1„ and headed, "Dirge. Written 
JfoTemberI808." From the .Memoir we gather 
(p. xl!v.) that the occasion vas the death of 
her husband 1 , "wliose latter days were op- 
pressed by a morbid affection of hie spirit*, in 
a great degree hereditary, which came grado- 



942 FUSEY, EDWAED BOUVERIE 

ally upon him, and closed the scene of his 
earth]y usefulness " (p. xlix.)- The " Dirge " 
wne repented in Hartiueau's HymnA, 1840, 
No. 628. Ill the same Hymn*, 1810, No. 401, 
is arranged from this poem, mid begins with 
at. ii., altered to "Not far the pious dead we 
wecp>" sometimes given elsewhere as " Wot fur 
the dead in Christ we weep." The original 
poom in dy is repented in Marti bcau's Hymn*, 
&, 1373. [J. J.] 

Fosey, Edward Bouverie, d.d., a. of 
Mr. Fhilip Fueoy, was b. Aug. 22, 1800, bud 
educated at Christ Church, Oxford, whero 
ho graduate! in first class honours in 1332. 
Subsequently he became a Follow of Oriel, 
A Canon of Christ Church, and Rectus Pro- 
fessor of Hebrew in the University of Oxford. 
He d. SiipL 16, 1882. Dr. Pnsey's prose 
writings and tra. are Tray numerous. Amongst 
tho latter -was his (r. of a part of Herat's 
Pafoditui Juimir Cliriitituux, pub. in 1817 as 
the Farcttlise of the Christian Soul, In Ibis 
■work there are several wctricnl trs. of hymns 
which in the eai'Iy pages of this Dictionary wo 
haye attributed to Dr. Pusey. We have Dr. 
Liddon's authority for stating that the by mm 
■were no* translated by Dr. Pusey. Some were 
tr, by W. J. Copeland, and others probably 
by J. Keble. [J. J.] 

PtlSey, Philip, eldest s. of air. Philip 
Pussy, and brother of Dr. Pasty, was b. June 
25, 1799, and d. July 9, 1855. His father, a 
eon of the flrst Viscount Folkestone, hud *s- 
eumed the name ot Pnsey instead of that of 
Bourcri*. [G. A. C.J 

Fye, Htmiy John, m.a,, s. of H. J, Pye, 
of Clifton Hall, Staffordshire, was b, circa 
1825, and educated at Trinity College Cam- 
bridge. {B.A. 18i8, m.a. 18oJ.) Taking Holy 
Orders in 1850, lie was presented by his father 
in 1851 to the Rectory of Clifton-Campville, 
Staffordshire, En 1868 he, together with his 
wife (only daughter of Bishop S. Wilberforee), 
joined tbc Roman Catholic Church, Mr. Pye 
pub. 'Two Lectures on the Church, 1S52; Short 
jZadttiattitxil History, 1854 ; and various 
$erm#at. He also compiled A book of Hymns 
for use *t Clifton-Campville in 1851. To 
that collectiuii he contributed a few hymns, 
including : — 

I. In Wm tcm.pl* »w bt&old Hira. PurifcetieK a/ 
Jl. T. If. Tbi Uynm was reputed, In atltghtly nlieied 
form and on additional itinte. (IvA by Cabon W. Cooke 
in the Cooke and Denton ifymra!, lssj i the .Ssjfislmn* 
If. £*,, isst ; and immj Inter collectives, [t is fomt- 
llDifis riven wilt the rnarth at*ni» a; in Hie Sxnm. 
less t Soepp's amjn tf c, & e„ isis, ft*. The foil 
Pve-CoolH lext of 16S3 Ii in Urn 8. P. C, K. tfcwiA 
«*».. 1871 1 TliiiEgH £*«., 1SSS (slightly Altered) ; and 
C1UPH. Thi& b^biiL is Sometlmeii given as a |,\ from. 
Angfclua Slkslui (Setelfler), but In error, 

I. r»l» ?* tbt Emd, YonnHopii «Jd«, Jnn»R- 
ilatian. TtEs lijum **n iilpo repeated In the C«4e and 
Denton Hymnal, las?, No. 159. [Win C ] 



a 



QUAS dixit, egit, pertullt, [SI, J«ft» 
fie iflflnjdig/.] Included in Oio Cltaiiac 
Breviary Paris, 1686, p. 187, in $ at. and & 
doxukjgy, as the hymn at Matins on the 
FestlTal of St. Joan the Evftngeliet ; in tho 



QUAE STELLA SOLE 

Orleans Brev., 1698, it is assigned td Lauds. 
K-.us:— 

Th* life *hich Bod'i lactnui* WonL By £. 
Ciisiv&ll, ia his Lyra CtitAclica, 1849, p. 287, And 
hU .Hirj. and Poena, 1&73, p. 19+, in H st.oF4 1, 
It ji:i3s*(i into Murray's Hgmnisi, 1852, and the 
Switti&h Epiaco, -FfiftoWt, IBitS, ™<jh with altsra- 
tioos peculiar to itself. In fJ. A. # Jlf., 1861 
ami 1875, at, v, (s ijmitteil j it. ii, dud vi, nte 
re wilt ten, ami it, ill. ii altered. Tliis tc^t, 
1'igniu slightly ntttred, is in J^fiineif^, 18(i3 r and 
tiie Hi/mnars, 1672. In Rtriaon's //j/s. ^ _4m- 
(Aww, 1851j it Logins, <4 Thr«e holy GijsjwIs t*ll 
in turn." [J. M.] 

Quae glorlosum tanta. ooelia enooat. 
CinV£aume rfe Fa Bj-unelieffl. [Cosvertiou of 
St. Paui] Appeared in the ChtniaeSrerr.^'lSSS, 
p. 020, and the Paris Bret,, 1730, us the hymn 
at Lauds on the feast of the Conversion of 
St, Pnul. It is also lu gevend modom Freneh 
Breviaries, and Card. Newmtin's Hffntni Ee- 
eJeaiae, 1838 and 1805. 3V. as;— 

Toy, BaTiMir, dmfc rkon nrae ! By E. Camp- 
bell, in his Hijs. a»d Anthems, 1850, p. 85 ; and 
the i860 Appendix to the Hymns! X. Another 
tr,, by I, WiJlijrai in his Ifys. tr.fivm t/ie Pari* 
tian Jim, 1S30, n. 180, is, ,4 Lok1, fium nut 
Thy glorious akie*.' 1 [AT. A. g.] 

Quae Stella sole pulohiior. C. Coj^n, 
[^»(pAftn^,] Included in the Pnris JfreBiar^, 
1736 ; and, again, in Coffin's llymsi Sacri, 
1736, p. 38. It Is also in several ruodern 
French Breviaries as the hymn at first Ves- 
pers at the feast of the Epiphany ; in J. 
Chandler's Hys. of the Primitive Church, 1S&7, 
No, 53 ; and Card. Newman's Hj/miti ECeletiae, 
1838 and 1865. Tr, as :— 

1. What itar Is this with beam* u Irifht, Wbloh 
•hunei Uu ton, to, By J. Chandler in his Hga. 
of the Prim, CAttrch, 1837, p. 59. It passed into 
Murray's ffgrnual, 18S2 ; The EnifHaJt My!., 1858 ; 
Salisbury If. Bk., 18S7 ; IT. A. # M., 1861; 
Eewwify, 1843, and sareral others. In estii 
hymn-hook the text is altered, nnd no two boots 
agree apon the same alterations, II, A. ^ 3f. ia 
the worst la tho whole lijmn fijuT line* only 
remain unalteied. In some of these collections, 
including IfetiiMdy, 18K3, it legiuij " Wh,it (tar 
is this so strangely bright ? " 

1. How lovtVv in th» flMtem iky. By J. 
Chandler, another tr, in his Hys. of the Church, 
mostly Pi-istitive, fcc., 1841, So. 81. It was 
giv&n ia Strettos'* Cttttmh Hys., 1850, and o^ain 
in A) ford's Year of Praise, as "Behold the long 
predicted sign." 

3. Hiil thfl day -when in du iky, An*o r ia 
the Cooice and Donton Hymnal, 1833, and Al- 
foTd'e Year of Praise, 1807, No, 4fl. 

i. Vkkt star U thU that Beam* » brifit, To* 
Mnn nnUpttiic, ftn. By K. C. Singleton, in hin 
Angliean II. Bit,, 1S68. In the rerised sd. ef 
1871 it reads, " What st*r is this that beam; so 
bright, And dim a tho sun," &c. 

i. What star la Uilt — mm cloriou hi. Edwnrd 
Thriag. Appeared ia 0. Thriag's Celt, 1&80, 
and again in 1&B2. The 4th rt. is from J. 
Chandler nnd others. 

Otbef tta, an i^ 

1, "Wliat Is fli«t "hloli shliwB e&r > I. Wiliiamu, in 
tlie Xritmtfagatine. 1955, p, Mj and bii /tut. tf.ffim 
<S« r'«rf(fftB Jlffl, 1F3S. 



QUAE TE PRO POPULI 

1. Wlui betuteous eun sarjuisiag stir. S. AnnjabeW, 
1BJ0. 

3. Whit »tsr b (hit that bumi ibroKL IT. J. £Iew. 
1«MS. 

i. Willi star is His, whose orb of fiiUHs? ,r. P. 
CSowKti, inf. [J. J J 

Quae to pro populi oriminibus nova. 
CkatAsdeSmttelHL [Pnaefotifide.] This hymn 
is given for Lauds on the feast of the Five 
Wounds of Christ, in tho Pari* Brtei<try, HM30, 
the JTarfowne /Jfee,, 1709, the J'«t^s 2}«r r , 
17301, imdinother and later French Breviaries. 
Test also in Card. Newman's if^MNt Jfoiktiae, 
1838 and lStiS. IV. as :— 

wmdrgm lor*, ta«t nod* in tmb, By H. 
Wynjilon, nude for and include J iti the Ihjm- 
ixtrg, 1S72. 

Wurtn. u*:— 

1. Sir, wliii strange lore nofhs Thee this aid unrest. 
J. WUttanu, laift. 

2. Christ '. wtmt peertesg love. </. Z). rAnatbej-f, 
iss». 

3. TLnu Who, though Hljjh Ftiest, lit Victim mule, 
J. C'. iSeiJi, in 0. Shipley's Atintu Saneiai, laai. 

[J. J-] 

Quam noe potenter allieis. Jean 
Baplute d« Sssteflfl. [rmwsfourafa™.] Pub. 
in his JJjmnf &wrf e* Mm>j,'1689, p. 11 (ed. 
1(198, p, 138J ; and, again, in the Parte ltrf 
viary, 1736. Text also in Card. Kewnuin's 
Hymui Ecckttae, 18S8 and 1865. In Hie CIu- 
ji«w BrtB„ 1686, p. 1035, it begins " Quibus 
media has excitas. IV. aa ;— 

1, Bofw teptolj', l»ir patiently. By W. Palme*, 
in his Sfiuri Poems, 1845, p. 83, and in Skinner's 
J\% &j'v>c« %/., 1854. 

1. * Christ, h*w potent la Thy gtue. By C. S. 
Calverley. nnvJe for and first pub. in the Ift/tn* 
nary, 1873. 

Another tr< i« : — 

How strenslj «iij how sweetly ert.lll. J, WXltiswi, 
'«»■ [J. J.] 

Quando noctia medium, [Sunday.] 
A poem of 69 lines given by jKijji*, No. 29, 
from a Stuttgart HS. of the 14th cent., and 
entitled " Ou the life of Christ" Tr, as :— 

'Want In lUnic* lad Li ihi4«, By J. M. Netle, in 
the IfyHtnal A., ISM, ml the Jlj/mxaty, lata, 

[W. A. S.] 

Qnmtefl, !*raneis. The bfe of this " fine 
old English gentleman" and charming es- 
sayist and quaint ringer, will lie found in fqll 
in the present writer's collective and complete 
edition of Mb works in verse and prose [3 Vols. 
4', 1880-81, Cherttw Worthies* Library). His 
fnther was James Queries, of Stewards, Esq,, 
and Ins mother Joan Daltan. He was their 
3rd son and child. Ill the registers of Bom- 
foid, Essex, ia tliia entry, "1592, May 8. 
Baptisatus fuit Franciscus Alius magistni 
Jacobi Qunrrilng. n He lost his father lu 1599. 
His Ant sobool was Bomford and his firet 
tutor Willlaci Tiuhbournc, cbftplotll of Etom- 
ford. He lost his mother in 1606. He pro- 
ceeded to Christ's College, Cambridge, and 
later waa of Exeter College, Oxford. It ie to 
be regretted that the College registers furnish 
no exact data. He paaaed from toe University 
to Lincoln's Inn, where his widow-biographer 
tellana — 

" Hi gld41«d tiie Ia«* of English; nut hi moti out «t 
dttlre to benefit htniKlt titrtlij, 4> bis friend! and 
ntigbbaun t»to«^ne therein hU «twllnuil IiKUmtina tu 
pen*) by Hunbrtlng enfti «rf differeocn inuwget tlwm," 



QUAELBS, FRANCIS 



1)43 



Some yc*TS advance ua from ltiQ8 (at Lincoln's 
Inn) to probably 1612-13, or his 21st year. 
Hia widow coiitinuea, 

"After became to nulmlly he vm not ctairoua to nut 
hltnsett into the wild, oChciwIae he ra1g!it hiv* hmd 
greater ftttntmtMs ttiin lie titd. lie wis nrither k 
oftfit tit Conrt preienncM, «■ m lll-belovod lleic, but 
llut hi Eilglit liave robed hhi forturw* tbefrfjy if !ib bid 
hid ill j ludltmkm lLat wi^ . But LU mlbd n n diiefly 
set upun Ills ilevothm and euijj ; yet sot sUcbeUibt k> 
miK-h hut that he bltlifully ill*:1i«Tj(til tbi plsce of cMp- 
benhr to tbft Qut«n of Bohemia " {p. 2). 

How long Queries continued witb tlic Queen 
is tinknewiL Ho uecocopanicd Frederick nnd 
lililiiljetli to Grcrmauy. He married XJrScly 
[ = Ursula] Woodgate, of St. Andrew's, Hol- 
born, ou May 28, 1C18. In Wit) appenrcd 
tlio Jirit and moat ehAmcteriatic of his poems, 
entitled, after the odd phrasing of the period, 
A Feast for H'smit Iti the epistle ho 
says, "Wonder not at tho title, for it is n 
Seng of Mercy : what greater Feast tliau 
Mercy 1 and what are mon kit worms " (vol. 
ii. p. 5). ltindrcd with the FtoM followed 
Iltidiasa, or the History of Queaie J3tfS#f. In 
1CS1 he was in Dublin, Ho dattd his Argot* 1 * 
ami Part&eKta. " Dublin, 4tb Mareh, 1U21." 
He fllled the office of Secretary to the illus- 
trious ITssber, on whose death John Quorlei 
eompesed a meiaorablo elegy, Usslier wrote 
to Vossius highly laudatory of our Quarlec 
His euceessif e books are practically tlifi only 
landmarks of his remaining years. (The 
render ia referred to out Life and the Works, 
%t eujjra.) The EmW^iii! appeared in 1634-35, 
and Lis Hieroglyphics in 1CS7. Io. 1030 lie 
was appointed " Glironologer " uf tho City of 
Loudon, an office whioh he held till his uehth. 
From 16S9 his various prosebooTowaio written, 
and became as pjopnbLi as bis poems. They 
ore all in fine Euglisn. He was an out 
and eui loyalist, and was with the king at 
Oxford. He had a numerous family. He d. 
Sept. 8, 16W, and 'was buried in St. Olave's, 
Silver Street, London, " 11 Sep. 1614." His 
title to ft place in this work ie&ts inainly on 
his vejsified Psidraa. These appear in tho 
famous ^av Flatter. [See Thj ttrltar, p, 1 1», i,] 
Queries^ are Fsalms xvi., iiv,, li., Ixzxviii., 
eiiii., osiiTil. They were reclaimed by lis 
for Qnarlea on the autboiity of John Jotse- 
iyn's Account of IWo Voyages to Jiea England 
(1G74). In the year 1633 he snyg, on bis 
arrival in Maflsflehnsetts Bay, 

" HuTlne Tefreehed Biyself Jw a i»T or two it NuallM 
Iebiiul, 1 crossed the r*r In i imolL bc*tto Dceion, whkh 
then m ruber & Tllliga thin a town, thtni not being 
above twenty or tbfrti Wiues, md pre«nl*i1 luywlf to 
Mr. Wlntborpe, tin GflTtmor, and Mr Jtr. CottDo, Uie 
teacher of Bra [on diunl), tp whom I delivered from Wr. 
Fraocui Qnules, thfl iwet, the tivnillliaiu of Nos. IS, W, 
m, BS, 113 ifid 131 Mae into EugUsli metre fur bis 
npproQctioa," 4c. 

These " Paalnia " are mere curious than suc- 
cessful, lint besides them the poetry of 
Francis Queries is a virgin field for tho 
capable hymnologiat. It is a mystery and a 
sorrow that few only have been adapted and 
adopted. There Are many of his verse-Em- 
blems that fittingly married to music would 
be solemn and searching, and nobly diaplaoo 
accepted pious inanities. No, tii. of Book iu. 
of ^nSfem* (vol. Hi. pp. 76,- 76), " Oh that 
Thou wouldst hide me in the grave," deserves 
a supreme effort of highest gentas to ma-fo 
it worthily. In delightful contnst in its 



944 



ftUABLES, JOHN 



vividness and sweetness is his " Like to the 
damaak rose you see "(vol. iiL (n B8S> Equally 
noticeable are Ma " Backsliding "' (ibid. p. 66, 
livA "Vain Physicians'" (ib&l, p. 189, iv.), 
"Waste not Life" (ibid. p. 194, xi.), "A 
Little While " {ibid. p. 100, iiv.), (See Critical 
Ess*y in Ww*s as above.) [A. B. 6.] 

QtiarleB, John, a. of the above, wua b. hi 
Elmez in l&M, end was educated at Exeter 
CoHogV, Oxford, He bore arms within the 
garrison at Oxford od behalf of Charles L 
and subsequently (it is said) he was raised to 
tho'iuak of captain in the King's service. 
On the downfall of th« King, Quarks retired 
to London, and devoted himself to literature 
for a livelihood. Ho &. there duriDg the 
great Plague, 1665. Ha pub, several wori™ 
including (1) JeTOniaFs Lamentations Para- 
phrased-, uto'th Divine Meditationi, 1648; and 
(2) Divine Meditation* upon Several SultjaU 
wkere«ntO it annexed God'* Love ta Man* Un* 
toori&inest, aith general Divine Efaculattuju. 
Lond. 1655 (Wood's Ath&m Oxon.}. From the 
Ejactdatutot, Air. Darling adapted two hymns 
for his flj*, for the Qhurdi of England' In 
the 1889 ed. these are :— "O King of kinga, 
before Whose Throne" (fioiy SVtm'ty); and 
'<0 Thou Who. aitt'st in heaven and eeest" 
(Yititeffy* of Sick), [J. J] 

Quem minit in- terras Delis. Jean 
Baptists de BomtswS. (Oontmemoration of 
Apostles.} Appeared id tfie Oiuniae Breviary, 
16B6, p. vi. : fjanteuil's Hwnni Sneri et Hovi, 
1669, p. 191 <ed. 1693, p. 237) ; the Paris Brev., 
1736; J. Chandler's Hyi. of fas Primitive 
Ckwrek, 1897, No. 8B; and Card. Newman'a 
Hjfltni Ecdmws, 1838 and 1865. IV. as ;— 

I. He whom the Father «wt tv die. Uy J. 
Williams, in the British Jfegazint, June, 1636; 
ami his Htfs. tr. from the Parisian Jircviary, 
1839, n. 275. 

t. E* wheat the Tatter *ut to earta. By T. I. 
Ball, in the 5th ed., 1373, of the Appendix to 
th« ^miMf iff., No. 991. 

Hlfl only am tit* Father uve. /, Ptamdter, 183T. 

[J. J.] 

Quern terra* pontile, aethera [aldera/L 
[J'KT^ftMKm* c/ tfte £. F. df.j This has been 
frequently ascribed to V- H. O. Fortnnatus, 
and is included by F. Leo in his ed- of Fortu- 
oatus'i) Opera Poetiea, Berlin, 1381, p. 335, 
but among the hymns jointly attributed to 
bun. It is found In four MSB. of the 11th Cent., 
in the British Museum (Jul. A. vi. f. SBb; 
Veep. IX xii. f. 61b; Hurl. 2961 f. 251 ; Add. 
30848 t 55 6) ; and in the Lat. Up. of the 
Anglo-Saxon CkttrrA, 1851, p. 74, w printed 
front an lltb Otnt, us- at Durham (B. ill. 82 
f. 22> It ia also in the- Bt Gall its.. No. 387, 
of the 11th cent. Mone, No. 419, cites it as in 
a mb. of the 9th cent at ArMont The second 
portion, "O gloriosa feinina, Ezcelsa super 
sidera," is often ffiven as a separate hymn, 
■ouetimet beginning ** O glorima Dnmina," 
as in a tilth, cent. us. in the British Museum 
(Hart. 2928 F. 120 fj); in Mime, No. 420, aod 
in Q-. M. Drerea's MymttariKi Moittiaceiw't, 
1888, p. Sa, from a 10th cent. ws. In the 
Soman Breviary, 1632, the firat part be- 
gins aana ttnm, poatm, xUcn, and the second 
port o ■buios* iiixiaiua. Tho orifinal, and 



QTJBM TEEBA, FONTUS, 

the Soman Breviary texts, will be found in 
Jteniel, L, No. 114, with rending!) at II. p. 362, 
iv. p. 135, from a Munich tie. of the 9th or 
10th eent. r a Bbeiuau us. of tlie 16th cent., Ac 
The h^njn, in wliole or in part, has been used 
in venous BruviaTiei (SfifU-ift, York, Aberdeen-, 
Benton, tic.) for almost all the Festivals of 
the B, V. M. F illcludidK the Conception, 
Nativity, Annunciation, Visitation, nul the 
Asstunption. [J.JL] 

The. full original form of this hytnn has not 
been translated. We have the following forme 
in English. 

i. (turn utn, ptBtvj, a*ta*n. This, the eldest 
form of the text, in the Sanim and other 
Breviariet in 4 st- and a doiology, has been 
tr. thus : — 

The God, Whau ttxth, til its, and sij A*or* 
nd laud, *o. J. M. Kcsle, in the Ilt/asumi A'., 
1654 ; J/. J. # Jtf^ 18G1 and 1875 *, th* J'i.'ojifc's 
B!, 18^7 ; fchfl Hytntutry, 1ST2, and others, nnil 
sometimes with altsmilona. It. is mors (iteii- 
ii™l^ used than any other (V. of this hymn. 

Other tn, an;— 

1, The goaierpoon; of the tryfilfl engyti- KriM 
ft-jrmn-, Wrl^ 153*. 

*. Wbonie«Tth,an(leeft v amlet*tlw elifva. fWitur, 
160*. 

j, He whomc til* cirtli. Uie so, and ekJe. .Primer, 
1U1S-. 

4. Lo. He Whom Earth, sad Sea, and Sky. J. 1). 
CXan&ert, lists. 

t. Wliom urtu. and Mi.llid air. W. J. J9Tnr, 1HD1 
and ibh. 

4. The God whom earth and aea and sky Revere, 
adore. Ac. /. 1). Chamlxit, lufii. 

il. itoein tern, pantos, eSdera. The only dirTer- 
euce between this Raman Bras, text and the 
above is in thetrrat line. The fro, are ; — 

1. Kim Whon the skdai, tin earth, the sea. By 
Ep. Maut, in his Atmisni Hynms, 18J7, ji. 4S« 
It is fiven in serersl collections, including the 
English Bynmal, 1352, and as " Whom eurtli, 
and sej, and sky," in the 1861 ed. of the same. 

t. Th* Lord, 'Wham earth, and aea, aad bit. By 
E, CWall, in his Zjfu Catltotim, 1&49, p. 199 ; 
and his Hy*. fy Poena, 1S7S, p. Iflfl. In a few 
Elections. 

Other tn. ara : — 

1. He W^eet tic Land, the Sea, the Skj. Frintr, 
ltat. 

H. The Sov'ralrn Odd Waeae handa enatefn. Prinaar, 
1W«. 

3. Wham earth, and aea, And etata, and light. W, /. 

4. WLein eartK and seas, and heavens high name. 
JI. CHffijfett, 1810. 

JI. Him we sing, Whose wondrom eteiy. JT, .V. Oxtn. 
Sam, lesi, 

(. The earth, the ak7,t!be miglityeciaji. /. Watlact, 
lotJ. 

ill. thrioaa train*. This, whieh is cool', 
posed of 3 at. and a dozotogy, is tr. as : — 

1> Elortnia Viijtn, eirer blwt. By F, t!. 
Littledale, ptib. In the Pimple's ff. t 1867, with 
th«signatura "F. R." 

*. floriaus Lady, thienad en high. In the 
Anfipfoner anrf firoiV, 1880, nod the Ifyntnvr, 
1882. 

OtlMTtn. an: — 

1. Glnrymu Ijdy, steLyfjttL Sinm Prmtr, Parto, 

use. 

5. O LadT art In akrte great. Primtr, 1IG4. 

a. glwioiH Lady. <Jneene «( mtght. Prtbier, 18iS, 
4. Howflurtotli, Lady I Is thy fame. J, D.CAonlxr^ 
ises. 

Iv. 4 (lariaia Tfrtinom. Ibis text differs 



QUI FBOCEDIS AB UTSOQUB 
from the above in seTernl instances. It is tr. 

O 4iuw of all the vfaffin olioir. By ¥-, Cfttwall, 
in hie iji'fl Catiotixt, 1848, p. 200; and hisifye. 
J- j*<wfl«, 1673, p. 106. In tha 1863 ed. of the 
Appendix to the y/jitmuf A", it is altered to 
" Most glorious of th* virgin choirs." 

Other br*. an i— 

1. GIlHilU* Ylrfln, Itauu'il on high. Printer, 1631. 

1. Mart ! Wtrflrt thy Walter bli5L i>Hin^T, 170S. 

3. ElerMl glory of tbenkieB, J9Jj. Jfiini, 1S3T. 

4. O Miry, how treat it tliy glofy- J> WnJ(noB, 1»"4. 
T. (lnisaa aonuna, D« eujnf xilpl [«imt«, This 

is a recast of tie third form nbovo, adapted to 
St. Ann*. It is gben by Q. M. Dreve» in Ms 
liifargfrjfa Hyninen, 1888, p. 79, from a are, 
^»KjS«n«ry of tiro 16th cent 'ibis test is 
ir. by E. Casnall in his Masque of Mary, 
1B5B, p. 327, and his flys. and Fount, 1873, 
p. 189, us "O Lady, high in glory, Whose 
daughter ever blest.** [J. J.] 

Qui proeedis ab utroque, Adam />/ 
St. Victor. [WtiiUantifo.'] A flue Sequence, 
expanding the thoughts of the H Veui Sanctc 
Spirit™ " (q.v.). Guiltier in bis ed. of Adam's 
fflavwt poetigae*, 1891, p. 56, gives it from 
the Limoges Seqnentiarg of the 12th cent. 
(Bibl. Nat. Paris, No. 1189), ft Gradual of St 
Victor before 12S9 (B. N., No. 14452), a P«r& 
ff™d*al of tlie 13th cent. (B. N, No. 15615>, 
Mid other BDurrjHS. It is in an early 14 th cent 
Paris Meant in the British Museum {Add. 
1CS05, f. 178). The use of St. Victor was far 
tbe Tuesday, of Pari* for the Friday, in "Whit* 
sun week. The printed text is also in 
3>wieft, ed. ISM, p. 187; JMniil, ii, p. 73; 
Xehrein, No. 130; WVatioWf 1881, i. p. 100. 

[J. It] 

Translation in C. U. :— 

Spirit of grao* aa* union. By £. Carnal I. in 
Masque of ifarp, 1BS8, n. 2S3 i naihis Jfr/t. and 
Poems, 1673, p. 126, in 13 st of 6 1., and 
beaded, " Prai&ea of the Pnrocletfl." It Is in 
C. (I. oi :— 

1. O Hoi; aiust, "Wla -vita tixs San. Tbi* is 
No, 418 in the ifynma^, 1372, and is composed, 
of >U. by tha Editors, and the rest from Caswall. 

t. Holy Ofcmrt, Who mt On*. So. &VS in 
the J/jnttnqr^, 1872, is compiled with alteration* 
from st. i., vi,, ix., i. of Ca*wall*s fr. 

Tr*n*Utwui aot in 0. V. t — 

l. Fnw Rttb proceeding, sstroni One. roTX-Poserls 
tr. of Hunt's Pannttovt Aniwe CAnMiMUi. 1««7 i 
and erafn |n Canon Oaketoj'a tr, at tbe mm, ISM. 

1. Tlmd ftom Fitter, Son proceeding;. P. S. ICor*!^, 
1SBS, md ijm in/itka, lies. 

3. OCMnfarter, AU.bleeced emu. Zf. ST. JfcrmiTi, 19S0. 

I. Comforter, fnmi botli tegtther. £>> S n^mraAdh, 

issi. [J. j.] 

Qui Hgie aceptrej forti deitra solus 
OtUlCtft. [A&vefli?l This sequence is found 
In a kb. in the Bedleian (Bodl. 775 t. 168 o>, 
written o. 1000; and a hb. of ihe llth cent. 
{Doaoe, 322 f. 82 b.) ; in a Winchester book of 
the llth cent, now in Corpus Christi Collega, 
Cambridge (N&. i73) ; ill s 12th cmt. Gradual 
(Beg. 2 B. ir. t. 6ib\ and a bS. eirea 1199 
(Oalig. A. liv.f. 4S&), in the Brit. Mus., Ae. 
Amooj? ilfiHah it is in hft early litli cent 
PaWa, and » 14th cent. Sen*, in tho British 
Mnsenln ; in a SftfUitt, c, 137* ; a Hereford, c, 
1*70 ; and a Fori, r. 1390, — all now in the 
Bodleian ; in the St. Andrew*, and various 
French JIinW*. Id the Eugliah Jtfw*if* it is 



QUICUNQUE CEETUM 945 

the Sequence for the third B. in Adv( at. The 
printed text la also in Nealo's Sequeniiat, 
1802, p. 7 ; Daniel, v. p, 173 : aud TCearein, 
No, i, [J. M.] 

Translation in C, U, :— 

Thou Ood, 'mU <Hunl>ia on nlfb. By £. A. 
Dnyninn, mftde ri>r and included in tte Jitrninarj/, 
1672, Mr. Dayman, in rendering; th« Sequence 
fur the 3>"l1 S. in Advent, prefaced it with a 
stflKiia taken from the Gradual "Qui seJes 
Domitie (utter Cherubim, ereita potimiani tnam 
et V«ni," Sc. The hymn is a Tory fr« ptira- 
phrase, rather than a tramliLtion; and Mr, Day- 
man hns drawn out at some leugth the allusions 
which the Sequence seem* to make to certain 
postages And personages of Holy Scripture. 

Other fcrt, an:— 

I, Tbou Who ruleei earthly sccptriH, C. D. farun, 
1B68. 

a. TIigu Who dost esca eaitblj tbronOi C Ft, ptar- 
sm, lail. [\Vh. 0.] 

Qui sacrla hodia eistitur oris. C- 
C#b. [Pwi^fldiiwi of ths B. V. AT.] Given 
in thu FaiU Brwiary, 1730, and in Coifln's 
ifj/mi"' Saerif 1736, p. 08, It is ulso found in 
Borne modern French Kreviariea, and in Card, 
Kewmau's Hywni EcclttiM, 1838 rtlld 186 J. 
IV. as;^ 

'Wlio iflw In helpless Infancy. ThU lr, via ^ven In 
I. Willi«mrt llys, tr. jyem the Parisian Breviary, 
isMj, p- IBs, m " by i Friend " (see JV^/oce thereto). 
It vts repeated nnilMml in noma collections, tnd tlien 
as "Jesus, 111 hrlpless infamr," In tie ilmntrary, lsjs. 

[J. JJ 

Qoicunque eertitm quaaritia. [i««t 
!TAs Saflred Heart of Jejm ] This hymn is 
probably of tlie 16th cunL it ia the hymn at 
Vespers in tho Office of the *' Host Sacred 
Heart of oar Lord Jeans Christ," which in 
tllO Roman Jlreziary, Listen, 1786, pars EsliT. 
p. 447, ia marked as a festival of the Second 
Claas, and appointed for the Sixth Day aftoi 
the Octave of Curpus Cbristi. It is repeated 
in gome more rticent etls, of the Srevi^ri/, 
e.g. Bologna, 1827; but in other eds. the 
alteioative Offlce for ihe same festival (a 
enatei double by decree "'Urbie et orbis," 
23 Aug. 1856), with the hymns "Auctor 
beete saeouli," and " Cor, area lr^em oun- 
tineus,' 1 is preferred, Text in Bigga's Anno- 
tated S. A. & Jf., 1867, p. 198. [J, M.] 

Translations in C. V. i-~ 

1, AU j* who s«k a vutiu aura, By E, Cas- 
wall, In his iffJ-a Cttthoiica, 1843, p. 121 ; and 
his Hyr r and Poems, 1873, p. 68, but altered to 
"All ye who seek a comfort "lie," Tbis ir, is 
in extensive nee, nod with several changes, espe- 
cially in the first line, as follows : — 

(1) "AUj*whs ■** » o«rtaia now, TbUlstbeorlglinl 
ss above. 

(t) AU t» s. certain eve -mhn ssak. Tlile U in W, J. 
Blew'e CJkiirca By, eati Th™ Bk., iaca-65, iml Kite's 
Set. from the same, 18W. In Ibu el. i^-JU. sit by tat, 
null, snd Iv.-t1. aw bv Flevr. 

(3) All ye irt» seek for nn nduf. TbLa t» tlie H, 
A, 4: if, teit, IMt and ) SJs. In It a few alterations ars 
mide, tnd vL iv. le omitied. Ibis test is In several col- 
lection*. , 

(4) All ye was s**k a sow nUet lnSpnrgean'sc, o, 
S, tik., lStt. 

Hi All r> -vbo wk a «™Jmt »nr* ThialsCuwell's 
text in bis JTyj. ami /Virau, 1STS, »nd le f.jnmi In a fe* 
collections. 

(6j All je who seaV; a rtrnt* ■«, ]a tbe 1970 J.p- 
Hndis to tbe HtU /or tin utttf S. J»a» tto Xmngt- 
litt't, fcc, Aberdeen, 



946 QUICUMQUE CHRISTUM 

2. All j* who seek Hr m» »U*f, In *»rj nhu, 
*c, By K. F, Littludale, ni*ilt for and pub. in 
the /Vonfr's if., 1667, with the signature "A, 
L. P." 

J ramallltioAi rat id 0. IT. ; — ■ 

1. All ye who uel; ft nolacc sure. J", lFiiHrtM. 1374. 

2. HisW, all who J mtd life's tliciny ways, T. J. I^otitr. 
la 0. Shipley's JHttur Suntiui, iaa4. [J, J.l 

Qulcnmque Christum quaeritia, 
Trwlealivt. [Epiphany,'] This id the TStli 
and lost poem in his datlnnHtriw, and in its 
full form consista of £(lfl lines. It in found in 
& us. of the 5th cent, in the Bihliethemie 
Nationalo, Paris (80«, f. 3&&), and is m- 
chidnd in all eds. of his Opem; e.g. Hallo, 
1703, p. 7a ; anil /tareJii Fnut^ntii Clemcitf ii 
F. (7- Opo™ Omnia, , , , (Relphin and Vari- 
orum Classics), London, 1824, vol. i. pp. 150- 
163. Though, one of thfl finest yxscmi of 
Prudautiua, it was comparatively little used 
in the services of the Church until the re- 
vision of the Roman Breviary after the Council 
of Trent In the cd. of that Breviary pub. at 
Rome., 1570, thoro are the folio wing centos ; — 

i. Huioomriue CiTirtom ija»*ritU. Transjigttra' 
lien. 

ii. hU sutfmuuin mUuH. Epiphany. 

iii. Audit tyntnvi* an'ri n * , Jfwy JnnMSNj-i', 
at Matins. 

iv. AalTete flarta iiiMtjrrtiin. ITeiy Iftttwmfe, 
at lands. 

TllMtj centos arc repeated in later eds, of 
the Roman Brr.niarti, and also in ZtantW, i., 
No*. 107, 108, ll'J, find Iv. p. 111. The 
earliest a-id rufet beautiful cento is the 
Bilvete Sores m»rtyrtim, which ie found in the 
St. Gall >8., No. 41 a, of the Utli cent, in 
a 13th cent, mr iti the British Museum 
(Add. 18301, f. 113), Ac [J. M.] 

These cerates liAvo been tmaslEitgd lotp 
English be follows :— 

i, Quituaique Cbiutua. snaeritiii- TIib Trans- 
figuration. This begins vrilh the first line of 
the |)iwi. The Roman Brev. tuXt is in Onnh 
Nowiu aii's Ilymsi Ecrletiae t 1838 Mid ISiiJ. 
3V. as; — 

1. AU J( who VKfk in hope tad 1*t*. My E. 
Cnswjdl, in his Lyrn Catholica, 18+9, p- 1U7 ; 
ind again la his £fys. # Poems, 1879, p. GO. 
This li repeated in several collections, and i* 
usually elven in an unaltered form. In J. A, 
Johnston."* English /Ty/,, 1852, it begins, "Ye 
who for ChTiat are soaking, mil*." 

S, ye, "wh" Ohiiit in ueklag, nlit. In J. A, 
Johntton 'a English Jfgt., 165ft, baaed upom Ccis- 
wail. 

Other tn, »r#:— 

1. WhHOynqlw thatCbrlEU do nek, JV^vrr, ]<5i 

l. All jroattot wste Christ, let your night. Wwr, 

Hit. 

3. All Ibat seek Christ, j™r eyss ercrt, Piino-, 
lOl. 

4. All, 1»lTO raet iri th CliriHt to rise, J'rinur. IJce. 
8. Jill tll»t Jealre uith Clirint to rive, CejitO ftom 

Prtinn-*, not ir«, nea, 

(, O V¥ vrho Beeb: tbo Lopl, CuttI, ^ewiuaA, in 
JVfltJji I'm- /l« TCDies, Nu. Ii, 193t. 

1. Ve who Menlah seat. £j». JJ, JUttC, UST. 

s. O itm *'h* truly Met your Lord* F. c. Hnten. 
ftrta, 1811, 

mis. 

10, O™ the. truly utia. JT. ellMtAiiJf, 1SML 
1U wiio «eck Mm €hrtat niiuL look 4hoT#. n'. j, 
Jtlns, )KBa-S4, 
lj, O t» *h« •«!; the Chrtal. JT, fijmivloti, 1SW, 



QUICUMQUE CHEISTUM 

13. All je who wsrtr Uw Lord of love, Lift up. fee, 
jr. M- MacgBl, i ere. Tills U i different cento, Although 
be^ftinir.f; vrlth the BnmeeK.nt-1. 

u. All yn xrlio seek tue Lord or hntt. T. J. Potter, In 
the Hjllirtfo FjrtiPDstf. 

IE. All ye itdo Hak our Lord to know. /. irflEFaa;, 
IBM, 

It. O ye. who bbiieIi for Jceoi, raise. W. C. Dlz, In 
CAurtft Timta. Jan. i, lust, 

ii. 9 »U maftunm uxblum, Epipiiaay. This 
conto Iwgins with line 77 of the poem. The 
Soman Brev. ttlt is in OpT(3- Wewman 1 ? J/jrani 
ilitfcsfas, 1838 and 1305. 2V. as :— 

1. BBthletsm ! of goblin citlei. By £. Casual I, 
in hii Lyra Gatlmiinr, 1S49, p. 55 ; an J with 
slight alterations Id his Ityt. § J'oems, 1873, 
p. 30. Thii It. is not only in V,. V, in its ori- 
ginal form, but also sometimes slightly, ami At 
other tin™ greatly, filters J. In wlJition to 
altereii testa which begin with the original firit 
lino, thera fir* nlsa i— ^ 

(1: Earth like, many a nell* city. Tbis U tlia R. A. 'A 
U. text, ipci and 1815, anil i» rtJieiiWd In a fen ciilkw 

tLdllS. 

(21 Bethleh.ni ! «rth* 4 nsblwt oityti. In tiie Pnrfrt 
JV^lliitat, 1863 and 1375. 

(]} Betht'luin, net the lout of olttaa. In tie l/tpn.- 
nary, 1B7J, 

In thew vtrlous fonna Ca^witra fr. Is more estea- 
Blvtlj nsnl tl»n till other In. put tagettier. 

I, Than miglitis*t dtiat mif ktiti far. l'y W. J. 
GopoianJ, ifc his //ys,/ftr fAff Wiw*, &c, 1318, 
p. 71. In Murrav's Uynmal, 1852, it was given 
as, "Thou EethleWm, with thy crowning stir." 

3. r«ir quHo of oitiu, itnr of tudi. By vf , J. 
Bier.-, in his Clutieh Ily. and 1'unc JJi, 1852-55, 
and Rice's Set- from the snme, 1S70. 

*. Of iwbleat eltiet thou art ^ueu. By R. C, 
Sinftfeton, in his Ans/ticttn it. JHc, t 1368; and 
ngjiin, aft or revision, In the Sn<J td. t 1372» 

S. Euth hatk numj a nighty dty. By 0. L. 
UsHeiL *nd W, QnenneLl, in the Ctis-cA o/ 
England £, 8. II. £&., revised «d., 1S7U. 

Otqartn, mi- 

1. Ijft *Uif-r cities atrlve, tyMcIi most. Prfntsr, IMa. 

2. TliiiigTedteJtcitieegreiterfjr. AJ.3.Hope,Vli4. 

3. Chief 'monpl the cities of tin pltin. Up. J, Wtt- 
IIb.bu t liuA. 

I i. Ik-stileliem, of cities bfcBi. In StiTlton'e fhHrct) 
//jf., IF50. 

;. Small nuumgot dtiej, BtiluV hem. jrrt. cAartrj, 
. i*s». 

ft. Tlie mJjIfst eltks ujion earth, ic IVumi, in l,$m 
Jfetti&rtim, lest. 

t. O Bethkhem 1 thou dut Eurpasa. J. Wallat£ t 
lal-i, 

S. or all the cities of renown, if, Jf_ Jrii^tE, 1S1«V 
TLiH 1* a ditfoimt cento from toe Latin, altliHtigli It 
brgtnft ^"ith till? tomb etonza. 

iii. Anttt tytauu* autiui. Sol}) Innvcwift, 
This cento begins with line 93 of the poem. 
Tlio Roman Srtv. tflit is in Card. Newman *a 
ffyvtwt Ettlntiae, 1838 and 1865. IV. m :— 

1. Thajaaloue tyrant eawwith feur. primer, tint. 

3. With boding fesia, the tyrant beam. W. J* Cviif. 
Eund, IMS. 

3. When It reached U>e tyrant's ear E- C^wnJ^ 1*49. 

a. Tub tyrant bears, anil npt in vain. J, JKaJfuce, 
1ST*. 

5. AROSSt tse tyrant rooted n-ttb cara. }?- if. .flat- 
p(l\ IBtfi. Another cento from toe l^ttn be^lnn]n^ 
with tlba nme ftansa, 

iv. Salveie B»re* iwljnim. JTuIjr JniM>Wn(s. 
This canto bovine with lino 125 of the pmii. 
The JEohii Jrep. text ia in Card. Newman's 
Hymni Eoeletiae, 1833 d'nl IStfS. ill 3 stinzrts. 
The Symm Eeeletias lias alsn the Pari* J)iw. 
text in ti stnnzat. Son nlgo X Chamil&rt 1837, 
No, 40. There are also centos, cfieh be^ianiit^ 
with the same EtanzfL. 3*i'. sj ; — 

(i.) Jftjmaji Dretiartf text. 



QUICUMQUB CHEISTUM 

• 1. Hail, flewret* it Cbxwt'a aiityr^aomi. By 
W. J. Cone SiiiJ, ill Lis Hys. for lim Wed, &c>, 
1848, |i, t>8. This is in several cf the older col- 
lections. 

a. AH bail, ja Isfuit aattyr d»mra. By J. M, 
tteale, fii the ll'jaiiial iW, 18?2 T Mo. 16, The 
JlynaWif, 1872, nud the Uymiwr, 1883, have 
each an aUJitiounl stanzit. 

5. Ail hnih je m*rtyr ttoftffia » bright. By R. 
C. Singleton, in his Anglican II. Bit., 18li8. This 
is a paraphrase only. 

Other tn. art:— 

li AH bail to yoa, ye Murtyrfl Jajw're. J'rixw, ltiOti 

jr. llatle you tli&l arc tin* flo-TOra. l*rfi>ur p lfEI^j. 

3* Halt, holy Flow'ra of Martyrs, yoa. iVfater, lflsi. 

4. Hailmartyra, hloEaaniH early hlown. J*rft*£f, iVae. 

6. All tmlJ, ye flowtn? cf ouLtyMoni, jt. J. J. JAjm, 
1M4. 

s. Flowers of martyrdom, ill hall. JT. OuhibU, ins. 

7. Hall, flowcreu ol tho martyr-train. //, A'. Ostn- 
Jaw. 185+. 

8. Sweet Martyr flowers, iresh Iron your early dins. 
zi. r. KnijKiTt, lull and ia8». 

(it,) Paris Breviary text. 

1. Little flo«-«rt af naitynLna. By I, Williams, 
in the JJnli'sA .Mafjw^irte, 1635, p. 055; and his 
ify*, tr. frwn the Parisian Breviary, 1639, p. 72. 
In a few collections. In the Pariah Hymnal, 
1803 snd 1S75, it begins, " Hail, ye flowers of 
nirtyrdcm." 

1. HniL lalfcnt mutyi*, nsir-bam vistune, tail 
By J. Chandler, in his Hifs. of the Primitive 
Church, 1837, p. 52 ; and SehafFa Christ in Song, 
186 El. In Chandler's ffi/s. of tie 6/nav&,m»tlv 
Primitive, frc, 1841, Wo, 2?, It is rewritten M 
"Hull, How rets of the martyr wreath." 

S. Hail, J* firstling martyr filwert. By W, J. 
Blew, ill his Church lit;, and Tom; Jtk., 1852-55, 
and again in Rice's £ei. from the same, 1970. 

4. Ihreot floweret* of tba martyr lull By Sir 
H. W, Baker, in tho revised ed. of J. J, tf M. t 
1875. Two stanza* are omitted. 

0t)»rtn. an:— 

1. Yd flownrj, ye huifa of SUttTTB, lull, J. A J«u, 

181*. 

2. Sirertest towers el early eprlng, JJ, Smij*eW, 
1&», 

s_ Hull, martyr flown*, In cniUtowkTa dawn. J. 1>. 
C'iamljfT*. 1S&7. 

'< Ye fiW'rcti of It* nurtyn, lull. r. W. Htwtlt, 
HS». 

s H«H. ^nilml or martyrs. 0. & ffoBTjtfi; 1S15. 

(iii,) Cento*. 

1. HaEljinArlyj^freetadenoweFMn ff T J^iaaJfoMi^iaflS. 

2, Hall, ye flower* of martyrs bright, J, JK JSw- 
jFiif, 1ST!. 

Djf. H. M. Mooglir* (r, of tliis rxwtn in hi* 
Straga of Uhrieiian Creed nnd ii/e, ie>., 1876, 
ia broken uj> into tlie fallowing parte : — 

1. " QnlaaTnune diriBtum quHritiu/' See above. 

* " Ea renrid ei otbi» elna,'" 
Irom undtr Pertk akies." 

s. " fed vnrtlccm [merl inpra. 1 
the slfiti iLflfl ceased to move." 

4. •■ soli magniTiiiD orlilum." Sea avuvt. 

& '' Auflit tymtoiu ajixitaa." Sc* above. 

t. " &Cnte fionei Martjniin." See above. 

T. "Sic Btulti Fhamonls nuli." SV. u : " So Mdisi 
£9roel h e dpftlned [TQldc." 

fl. ■ ' Jnro rnjo se Judoe dlKCm.** Tr. as : " IVell bod 
tboEQ vfIb* nien from ^fiH" T rf 

In adilitioil Dr. Eyanehm lias a Cento in 
the Ltfrtt Mestiaaiea, 1864, beginning, "En 
Persiei en orbis ainn," which lie has jr. M 
" From day-light'a portals, butning." 

The tin wiiieli has been and still is milo of 
t.lria fino poem is extcDRTC both in Iiatin nnd 
Knglifih, [J. J.] 



IV. m: "Lo! fir 
Tr. n. "Behold I 



QUOD CHOBUS VATUM 047 

Quiet, Lord,, jay ftoward ieetTt, 
J. Newton. [Rtiignation.'] Appcnred in tie 
(Jinei/ Synaa, 17KI, Bk. iii.. Ho. Cfl, in 4. et. 
of 6 1„ and Leaded "Tho Clifld." It hai 
passed into a lfurge number of hymn-books. 
In some it begins (1 Jesus, miiko my fiovaid 
heart," but tlie form of tlic test is not pounlm. 

£ J. J. J 

Qtiis ta canat mortallum ? J>an 
Baftitte Ae Santetiil. [Ths Annunciation of 
tho B. V. M.] Appeared in the Owtiaa 
Brtfuiary, lGSfi, p- I07S. It it »1» in the 
Ofkant Ifrw. 1$J3, both Tor tlie Conception 
and fur tliB STativity cf the B. V- M, In 
Bonfeuil's Hymni Sucti', 1689, p. SO (ed. 163S, 
p. 20), it beglue, "* Quia ore digno to ennat," 
and in this foilh It Is in tbe Xarhmne: Bree., 
116% and Inter French Brevs. Tr. m : — 

'Wlut mortal tongue can ed£ tty praia* T By E. 
Citswi^ In Lis Lyra Cstiiaiica, IMS, p. 2SS ; and bin 
Ifjis. am! Fnans, 1373, p. 110. It Is tn (.1 U. hi ltoman 
Catbolif DolloctioihB for missions and sclioDla rj. IT 1 

Q-nisquis valet numerare. [Eternal 
Life.] A fiuo poem "on the alary of tho 
lienvenly Jerusalem *' giTen by itone. Ho. SOS, 
from n KnilErnbc us. of the 15th cent,, audi 
in 16 el. of 6 1. In tome- copies of (Ihj 
fijwnag A r ., 1954, the first line roads " Si qqie 
Tnlet numerare." Tbe fr. Is U£Ufllly ^iven for 
All Striate, tr. n« ,■— 

1. If tlunbetlwtabalatonDkoa. By J. hf. Neale, In 
tbe jSimnaS JV,, 1SH. fa 7 el. of 4 1,, lilcludJni a dmo- 
logy, bainE a part only of the hytaii. Tbie has been 
repeated in wbolo or in part la £<>tiK%, 186S; In tho 
ffjnimors'. ISli; sad u " IVho of mtn bath skill to 

reckon?" in the Sorma, 19M. In Dr. Utile's flj« 

m ttf Jojh anil Ctoriu of Parodist, 1665, the Latin 
text of ( et. Is Riven, together with a tr. of which 6 «t. 
are from the JE Jftrfed. Thla rr. i« divided In the St. 
ttursartt't ffi/t., IBIS (East Grioateid), into tvo paru, 
pt. Ii. hedap " vbaE arhjendour, ivhai heaoty." 

1. la Uunman atmuimr regkonf By J. A. Join- 
stoa, in bla *m. ^nnol, issi. 

t. Wha tba tunltltiadai taa Bunliar. By T. B. 
Pollock, hi the 1888 SUJJt). ifjmmt U> II. A. & X, 

[J. J .] 

Quo eanctua ardor to rapit Je«» 
BajJKafe *} SotifettiX [Fwi*a«*i» o/ «a 
J?, r. Jlf,] Appeared in I lie Chiniac Breviary, 
1G8$, p. 997; and bis liywmi Satsri et Nori, 
1689, p. 32 (ed. 1698, p. 2 10). Also in Oard, 
Newman's HyDtai* Bwieirifi*, 1838 and 1865. 
Tr. &s:— 

WMth*T thualnhsly raptnnt ByE. &awall,hibii 
Lyra Caltwtiut, IMS, B. rfffl-, ini Hb IRj*. and Pwmt, 

lHTs, p. 171. It wu Indmlsj In ine and ed., iwaj of 
the vli^ffld™ to Ibe J^ianai Jv'rtM. , p^. A. S.] 

Quo vos Bfagiatri gloria, quo BaluB, 
C Gt$u. [Whitsuntide.] App«tf«S in the 
PoW* Jffret^rrji, 1736 ; am in Coffin's JSpnnu 
fiiiKrf of the same yertr. Tba text is also 
in Cord. Newman's Hijmm Ecclettae, 1838 and 
1S65. IV.aa:— 

1, >Vh*i:# tlij Master"B glory Cull* thee ftHtth abroad. 
/, milieu*.!, 1339. 

I. flo nheua yODt Master's glory. TT. /. Bltn, 18S3- 

a, UbthUb of youT o*J I Iliute, vhtn every nation. 
J. Z). C'AamEra-J, 1841. [J. J.] 

Quod chorus vstam TenerandUB 
olim. SL Hrtdixntu fflavrus (f) [PvrijittLtioti 
of lie B. V. M.] Included in Browe/s ed. of 
bis Poemaia, Mittflit, 1617, p. 74, but not tn 
E. DUninuer's ed, of his Cannina. It is fonnd 
in four use. of the 11th cont. in the British 
JJusCum (Vesp. T>. xii, f. Wr. Jul. A. Tl, 



048 QtJOD LEX ADUMBBAVIT 

f. «8 ; HarL 2961, f. 331 ; Add. 30848, f 53), 
and in the £o£ JJw. of ffcs jlnjlo-^ffjjon 
OhurcA, 1SB1, p. 44, U printed fitiitt an 11th 
Cent, us. at Durham (B. iii. 32 f. 1G). It ia 
lu the 5nrtnn, Fori!. .AfcerdeeH, Pnriff of 1H43, 
And other Brtttiariet. The printed text is also 
In Wat&entagd. f. No. 132. Vimiel, i. No. 222, 
glTes Si. i., and at iv, p. 371, cites it as In a 
10th cent. ws. at Born. G. M. DreTes prints 
it ill bi* ifyittiKtrftu Moiuiatetixis, 1£89, p. 39, 
from a 10th cent Ufl. 3V, as :— 

T*«± which tf aid tba nTtr*n( their of prophets, 
By T, [. Bull, in the 3nd ed., 1863, of the ^1/jran- 
c&r t« the I/ifTMtat jVeifd 

Otiur tra. are : — 

1. Ivhat liny of old, the renrand choir of propheta 
W. /. *(*». lBb]-K>. 

2. Lo, trhil the rererakL prophEt aHraofolil. j.o. 
CAamtett, IBM, 

3. Tint which the Prophet* reverend Aaaemhly, 
Antiphtmtr 0«t P™*i; 1SB0. [J. JJ,] 

Quod lex adumbrarit vetus, (See 
Ex nor* dooti mjitioot p. 3**.) Additional (r*. 
are ; — 

1. Tba law Ba tane not to aeftmj. By W. J. Efew, 
In lilt t'iarc* £y. and ftins «*,. 1BS3-Si; ind fitoe'a 
Sal. m™ tie udk, 1810. 

S. The list that In tba auftnt law. Bj I?. Camp- 
bell (from Ida »bi.1i and J. C. &ila, ra a. Shipley's 
/IfHINI SnK(m, 1384. 

In B lew's Gft«wl %, * !%»« J)*,, 18S2-55, 
Lent No. S, there U another (r. beginning with 
pi It. Obiki idaram etrano, (r. as " In prayer all 
prostrate let u* fall." We mutt also uote that 
the form of J. Chandler's tr., " With fast »nd 
Mayer for sinful mnu " (p. 3M, jL), Found in 
Kennedy, 1803, and others, appeared in J. 
Chftndlei'B Hij». of the Church, &c., 1811, 
No. 37. [J. J.] 

Quoa in hostes, Baule, tendis, Jwm 
Baptisie rfe Santeilil. [Cotwertum a/ St- P<ml] 
Included in his Htpimi Saeri et Jfovi, ltifflt, 
p. 52, where it begins ** Saule, tendis quoa in 
bastes." In tho IW» Erevittrtf, 173C, it 
begins " QnOa in bostes-" It is also in tlie 
Lyons and other modern French Breviaries.; 
in J, Clmildlci'e H$*. of (fts Primitive CltitTch, 
1S37, No. 84 ; and C'ird. Newman's Hjpani 
JfocfcitiK, 1838 nnd 1805. IV, A3 :— 

1, 'Qrinirt wh*4 ftmn ut thHi itufaUf, 8ml, 
irfaiit ludiuu, *«. By J. Chandler, in his Syt. 
of the Prim. Church, 1837, p. 95. It w re* 
pented, with atrtral thentioss, in Murray's 
ffi/maal, 18W, the 1S61 <&. of If. A. # M., and 
others. In Skinndr's Daily Service /fymttJ|,1Sft4, 
No. 1T5, at. iv., ii,, Ui., t., are gireci u: "Chrict, 
Thy pairar ia mnn'jt aalTttion, 

1. 'Oalut wi*t ttoin «it Uiw nuhiij;, Sml, 
whit baniy, *4. By R. C Singleton, in his 
jtj^fwon H. Bk, y I81J& and 1872. 

Augutrtr, lsi — 

Whlthsr, S»lJ, tili) rniinc rdh, J. (TO/Cmnl, isS». 

[J. J.] 



E 

B., in Bristol Bap. Crii of Ash 4 Eroia, 
1st ed., 1769, i.e, Mrs, Bow*. 

B., in tne Ca™«(M «tow, 1811, fte. 
One of the signaturea of Bf. Heber. 

B. A, B., ia Tiu C\vmdt& H. Si., 1864 j 



BAFFLES, THOMAS 

Utile's Engttth E. B&., 1674, and oOiers, ifl, 
K. A. Bertmm, p, 199, :. 

R— n., in tlie Bristol Dap. Coll- or Ash ft 
Evans, lsted, 176&, i.e. Bobcit Eol.iuson. 

E. S, ML, in Cfollyer'a Colt, 1612, i.e. 
Bobert E. McAU, 

HabemiiB. [Virion..] 

™toi'] 

Kftfflea, Thomas, d.d., ll.i>., a. of Mr, 
W. Baffles, solicitor, was b. in Prinoej Street, 
Spitalflelds, London, Mey 17, 1788. In 1809 
he became a clerk in Doctors' Commons; but 
shortly after retired, and through the influence 
of Dr. Oollyer (p. Ill, li,), of whose cbarch at 
Peckliam he was for sonifl time A member, Sie 
entered Hotnerfon College in 1806. His stated] 
ministry began at Hamaiereniitl), where be 
was orrlained as a Congregational minister 
on June 32, 1809. In IS 12 lie removed la 
Liverpool, where he succeeded the Ber. T, 
Spencer, nnd remained for 49 years the 
honoured paster of tlie Great George Street 
Congregational Church. He d. At Liverpool, 
Aug. 18, 18fi3. For apwarde of fifty yeiu-a 
Dr. ItuiUes was one of the most prominent 
minsettrt of tlie Coiigregationa] tsdy. His 
labours outside of his own congregation were 
very great, his aid as a preacher on behalf of 
missions and other religions works, being 
eagerly sought after. The Lancashire Inde> 

Cdent College owes its existence mainly to 
; and to many religious, works in Liver- 
pool ho gave great personal attention. His 
degree of il.t>. was conferred by tlie Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen in Doc. 1820, wnJ tliat of 
d.h. by Union College, Connecticut, in July 
18a0. His works include Jfemofrt of the Life 
and Minitlry of (A* Jfev. ITwmna fSfcnoer, 
1813; A. Tour w (As tjonliamt. 1817: fttid 
sereral Sermon*, &c. He also edited tho 181 5 
ed. of Brown's Self-Inlerjtreting Bible ; was 
juint Author with J. B. Bro«n and J, H, "Wiffen, 
of Poem* hy Throe Friends ; and joint editor 
with Dr. Oollyer and Dr, J. B. Brown, of the 
Invettigator, a London quarterly- As early as 
March 8, 1813, he says, in a letter to bis 
friend, Mr, Brown, *' I am about to put to press 
a coBectlon of hymns for the use of my 
chape] : " but this intention was not carried 
ont until 1838, when lie pub. his fivvplsmtnt 
to St. Wattf* Pt. & Hpt. Hi* son's fustory of 
this Supplement Is : — 

" Enily In Jtomrj, l«s, he puhll»h*a hia long- 
akpapttd SqpplenKnt toDr, Vt'rtU't P»«lnn tod Uymas, 
which he had In hud For man^ j«™- Ho would ti»Ttt 
h»T? jmyielml II it til. luA, fn mmnum wilh other 
Independent Mlnltttn. wwld have jmti the Ca&Mtt&* 
tlosil Hymn-tKKk [J, OtnijBr'a IBM and IMS] bad that 
lift* ccntihwd 4 ftfr ihui or oiz own h^mna la Iti 
irTigilui fann, hnwerar. It did Hot OODUfn one [7W> 
mh, but glTta u JKOn.] ; and Dr. IfaJBe* might, 
without vanKy-*Hln^ th*t uimfiwu lijttjL'bmka of 
hKntan dAle contained ana or more of hla bymm — 
biv« oip«Ud thM they would not nave been wholly 
omitted fnnn tht hynm-ttonk. emphatically of hi* «wu 
deuunifutkin. fint so It was. and he nerer YHwld 
lntroduu II. though, vUa Ihe jiEMert itsdln™*, 
when the Improved edition w»» oontemplatad [the jv«b 
Ontg, V, hit,, li69], imder tba editoisfilp at lb« KtV. 
Dr, (J, Smith, f>. httflzi contribnted Soto* uf iii iymoi 
to 11a JBgiB. Ilia own collection la v«y g«]d, hut 
limited in (Jttaitt tha hymM ira atltCUd with Oon- 
•tdemhle Judgment i »nd the tm* vanltma, a» wrtnea hj 
the leapectlT* nithura. an rl»m, whatever the original 
sonm cguW he reacbed."— Mvmoir*, !»"+, p. 4H, 



BAFttLJG^ THOMAS 

Dr. Baffles contributed, in 1312, S hymns 
under the iiign&tnre " T. R." to th« Coii. of 
Lis eld Mend ami former pastor. Dr. Collyer. 
Gradually other hymns came Into notice. 
These, wnh others to toe number of 46, wore 
included in hie Sspptemeat, 1853. His hymns 
At present in 0. U. include : — 

1. Hast hoar, when kUrtal nun ]*£■*#. JVajrer, 
Li tit »», m," thia 1* bewM "The HoflrrfPrayet." 
and at tbe foot Is written by Dr. Raffles, "Printed In 
the Amultt for 1919, and thence copied into the C»rf»- 
fftnt (KtcriKr." It is dated " Juy. M, 1913," and U in 
4 at of/4 1. 

I. fhnasif all itrum, ajadtiM Boone, Bgnn fo (he 
DtUf. Contributed to Dr. Collier's tt«. , 191 J, Hn. 4ii, 
la I et of SI. 

S. Qoaxe, heavenly paaos of Bind, PH« 0/ Mind. 
Pub. .in Cbllyet'e OH., 181 J, Ho. til, in S at of 1* 1. 
In4he"B. MS." thia, lit i revised and expanded form of 
Hi*, of 41., is Undated; bnt underneath ur. Raffles baa 
written " Printed la the American JHdn Aequofe for 
1*38." 

4 Eternal Father, tarouod above, Anoiora. In 
the " a, us," this Is In 1 el. »f » 1., and huded " Doxo- 
toeT'"- ft J> indued, and underneath le written by 
Dr. Rafflea at d later date (tlie change In the Ink paving 
thli) "PahltBhed iBufijmoaily In It* Congregational 
Hymn Boole," I.e., J. Ccmder 1 * l«a« and 184S. 

t. lather afnMntlaa, Oadof love, he*r a bubble, 
fee. Lao. Appeared In ColW'j cwt, wis, No. 3(10, 
In t it. of % L, and beaded *' Tin Penitent's Prejer," 

S\ Oto, gnash t)ieQ«pel to lb* poor, AonuJrYwiew. 
Jin Uk " *. Mb" In T st. of • ].. headed " To the Agents 
of the Liverpool town mission," and dated " liar IbW." 
At the foot & written "Printed at the Printing Offlt* or 
tlM Liverpool Town Iflaaion Bazaar. Ljcaum. Bold' 
Btreel." 

T, S%b in molar mlm of light. Bkhkh. Cmi- 
trihutod to Collysi's oat, 1619 , No. 911 . In e St. of li L 
It was song at Br. Raines's funeral. Ann". 24, 1B63. It 
1* th* moat widely known of hi* hymns, but la usually 
given In an abbreviated form. 

I. Lord, Hka a, pubneaa I stand. Lent. Dated In 
the " b. He." "Seaevmhe, Oct, 4tt. 1*31," and boded, 
"Tin Publican. Lulw nvlll, 13," It le in S it ol a L, 
and la In several collection*. 

t, y» sight shall ha la heaven) So Catherine 
(loom, Btavtit. In e at of 4 doable line*, huded 
" And there shall be no night there," Rev. mil. S. and 
dated ■' April a, 1SS7." <" I. Mi.") 

M. Bod of fanfUes, tn own, Jb»% Wiu-rt pp. 
In the " 1. M9." In 6 M. *f * ]., entitled -The God of the 
Camlllea of brul," and dated, ■' Janf. utb, ISJ3." It 
anpHted in the Jtoo Smj, 19E). 

It. linl flow* tM «t™m of tiut. Jfttt 7ur. 
The lust tint una of his jfe* Y*u*a hynnie, In a at. of 
s I., entitled ■"Hymn fo» New Ifeac'a Mornlog," and 
dated, " Jany, lit, 1 981." (■' b, Hfe.*) 

II. SaiiOoT, brt Thy aanotfo* rtat. Bttj/Jf&trivtmy. 
In the. " jl lie." in « at. of c 1. enthled "The Utrriage 
Feaet," and nated " November 3rd, 1«52. On WC&elon 
of tb« tnaitiage of th* Rar. J. F. and Mrs. Guerre*!." 
iDclnd&l in the JVeu fflttjf., l*s», vtlth Ibe umLiMicn of 
et. t., vi. 

la. flowerotn SuV, Lord if al], l>itf . If a. Si3 In 
Colljiw'e «WI„ 1913, in ( »t. oft I. 

t*. The top wHoS my Fatber hath ai«*a. fit 
Afiittimu In the " a. w«?' In 2 at. of 9 L. but without 
date. In the Mac'ri. 1S54. p. S7S, Ibe talatvty of the 
hymn from Dr. Rafflet's Diary ie this - — 

■■ A8ht.j'-*r-]i-2k.ijcli.l«h [Oct.. isas,] I preaibed la 
in tmmenee coneregatlon lift nl^it at Hotangbam, and 
slept at Mr. GOum'a. Mr. Rawaon [of Nottingham 
CaitleJ, a fine young nun, and but recently married, 
ha* broken a blood^vaiael, and with hie wife and motbeT, 
and uither and eiiiter, aet out yesterday for Denxraahtre, 
to naes the winter. Mra. Rawaon aent rue her album, 
and btgg*d m* to tnurt eonHtblnc apprcpriate. Aa 1 
drtsataTn tb* luothVng; I competed the following lines, 
vbleh I tent herjnu before loey aetont : • Th* tup, ft*.' ' 

Mrs. Rawvon, »*on left a widow, resided at Wtiieo- 
bant: Hall, near Sbeffield, nearly 40 5*ara, and died 
therein luav, 

IS. Tnoa art Jay Ridinc-pUtt, Lord, l*a Biding, 
ph*M. In the "B, Hf.'^ln 4 St. ot » l„ and dated 



"Snrnley. June 33rd. 1*33," 
14, Trtit i* llfcl A np 



, r»pf4 <bvam. Life. In the 
, he." in « at. of i I., and dated In pencil 1B3B. At 
the toot la written by Dr. Raffle* '■Originally published 
In the Mnttigatw, and, anonyttHDaTy, in Affection' l 
(fi/t, a pottloal etltctlon puUlabed by SlmpKin and 
Hanheil, Hamlltcn, fee., Londcn." 



RAMRAOK, AUGUST JAKOB 949 

The "Bsffl<B nsv," fnna wliich we h*vo an- 
nutated tbeee hymns, via* kindly lotit by Mr. 
T. B. Baffle B.A., tjtipendiafy Heeiatnta of 
Liverpool. Mr. Unfiles is the a.ntlior of bis 
fttber'a Mtmoirt, 18«4, und of hymn 35 in lite 
ffttiier'fl Supplement. Dr. UafflWg originnl 
Hjp&Ht were pjb. id 1SUB, witb a Preface by 
J. Baldwin Bfown. [J. JJ 

Boise the psalm, let EarUi tutoring. 
E, Chuf km. [Pt. xcviJ] 1st pnb. in Ufa Cievt- 
hmi Pialttr, ISS+, in 13 st, of i 1., witlt the 
refrain, " HiUelujali, Amen." In 1863 Dt, 
Kennedy embodied in his Stpum, Christ, at 
L, ii^ Tiii,-iiii., as a hjmu, of 2 st of 16 1., 
each st. ending with " HnUelujnh, Amen." 
Thia successful arianceRieDt WM lepenbid in 
the Wet. B. St., 187S No. 60i, but di T ided 
into 4 st. of 8 1., and with the oulseioo of the 
refrain. TJiie rendering ie one of the nutheir's 
beat end most vigorous veniioDn <lf tlio Psalms, 
and i* vroiihy of more extended me tbnn in 
accorded to 11 [Pnalttrt,Eiigliil h §uj.] [J. J.] 

Raise thee, my sou], fly up and run. 
I. Watti. {Seavenly /oj/s.] Appeared in his 
JTjw. and Sac. Songi, 1707 (cd, 1709, Bi. K„ 
No. 33), in S st. of 4 1., atid lieaded " The 
blessed Socisty in Htnv$n," It id J D C. U. 
in its full, ttnd also in an abridged faun. In 
some American collections, including The 
Baptist Praiie Bit., X. Y., 1(171, it begins 
"Jriw, my soul, fly up and run," and st. iL 
and vi ate also omitted. [J. J.] 

Badee your triumphant ftongs. J. 
H-'oUs. [rae Lone <tn(i Work of Ca^aiJ let 
pnb, in his Hys. and S. Songs, 1707, BJc ii., 
No. 104, in 6 tt, of 4 1., an the seootid ot two 
hymns on " Cliriifn CVhirjtnieaion. John Hi. 
Ifi, 17." It was extensively Adopted by the 
older comjiilerB, including O. Whitefleld, hf . 
Madan, A. M. Toplady, and other*. Bicker- 
sleth (1633), Elliott (1833), tlie Zseda H. Bit, 
(1853), A*., followed ; and modem editors in 
G-. Britain and America, have, in very many 
Instances, also included it in their eolleetloba 
Noiwithstindicg this popularity it docs not 
rank with the best of Wntts'e hymna. [J. J.] 

Hambach, AiujTiBt Jalcob, *. of Job-ami 

Jakob Barabach {then pastor of St. Nioholaa's 
Church, at Qnedlmburg, and, nfler 1780, chief 
pastor of St. Mifhael's Church, nt Hambnra;^ 
was b, at Quedlinburn;, May 28, 1777. lie 
entered the University of Hallo in 1786, passed 
bis final theological eiamination in Not. 1799, 
was appointed dincouub of fit James's Church 
at Hamburg, in MaylU02 f and on March 16, 
1819, preached his Brat sermon as chief pastor 
of St. MiehaolV, in succession to his rather. 
He received the degree of n.u. from the 
Uilivereity of Mmtmrg-, on tho occasion of its 
tercentenary, Nov. 13, 1827 ; and became 
senior of the Hamlrarj clergy in 1S34. AfteT 
1044 the burden of iuflrmitiea made hint re- 
sign his public offices one after another. He 
finally resigned bis pastorate in the beginning 
of 1S51, end retired to Otteneen, near Ham- 
burg, where he d. Bent. 7, 1631. (Dk FttmOit 
Earataoft. By I>r. T. Hansen, doiha, 1875, 
p. 2S7 : Atltj. UeufscAe Biog., xxrii. 19S,.4o.) 
A. J* Rambacb It bettet known as a hynmuloctst thin 
h a bymn'writer. Hli eulleet work; entitled, cWnr 
D. Martm Outturn Vtrditntt uut dtn flrcaaapenuu^ 
Hambdig, 1 813. I* an enay on Luther is s Irjtnn-Triitar 



flSO RAMBACH, JQHANK JAKOB 

nmslclaa, ft*. His graebait work Li bis JKtlwi&jii 
eArftlSieAef Bes/inffe ma all** JtArktutAtrtai Stf £ircltt. 
Alton* fc talpttft villi. 1 ., (i ,, Is H ; hi., 1B19 ; iy., 18B l 
v., 18W I vb, M33 (vols. v. p vi., also puh. separately, ss 
Iter JldifjrcCflmii;) rkr 1 JJnuJmJ™ . . . Hit tolfer ta thi if 
JTbatiiiidti aif)' Though this i* now to * considerable 
extent antkjmtrf. untJ is rfcally of value only fur tie 
period 1600-1830, it Still is of mnch me for the ImfiripM- 
ca) notes on many cf tit more obscure writers, and int 
the exceptional accuracy of Ibe refereucea In the sources 
from which tba hymns sr» taken, (It is occasionally 
referred to in ibis Dictionary as JtimttatJt't jtnitoAurfc:.) 
During IB omnpilitSira he srsdmlly ulbered together 
au extensive and valuable hymnologlcaL library, over 
3000 volumes of which ara now a put of the rlamborij. 
Town Library. He in a1» the principal editor of the 
Hamburg C. JJ. of 1841, and ia 1M3 jmb.i smsll volume 
of fctegrapblcal notice* thereto (KvrMtfaate .MujfcrfeM 
ton dm Tfcrfntftni ierliriti ™ ffin*6itr|n'KjKft Gtsarv 
GiKie). 

Ramboch does not lecni to have pub. any 
original hymns. His tro, are given in wd. i. 
of Ilia Aittholagie, as above, and five are in- 
cluded in the Hamburg (3, A, 1842. The 
only quo whksh lias passed into English C. U. 
ii noted at p. SS7, i, [J. M.] 

Tjambach, Jobmin Jakob, n.o., a. of 
Hans Jakob Rambach, cabinet maker at 
Halle on the S&ale, WM b- at Halle, Feb. £4, 
1603. In 1706 he left school and entered his 
father*! -workshop, but^ in the autumn of 
1707, ile dislocated bis ankle. During his 
illness he turned a^aiii to his schoolboolcs ; 
tho desire for learning reawofce: and on hi* 
recovery, early in 1706, he entered the Latin 
school of the Orphanage at Halle (Glaucha). 
On Oct. 27, 1712, he luatrlsul&tod at the 
University of Halls us a student of medicine, 
bat soon turned his attention to theology. 
He beoaiuo specially interested in the study 
of the Old Testatnent under J. H. Micli&elis. 
In May 1716 be became one of Micliaelin"? 
ajs&t&ttts in preparing his ed. of tbe Hebrew 
Bible, for which be wrote the commentary on 
Buth, Esther, ■ Nehemiah, Ac, Ilia health 
began to- suffer in the spring of 1710, and he 
gladly accepted the invitation of Count vou 
Heuiel to stay at Polzig, near Rnnneburg, 
where be spent aayeral months. By August 
bo had quite recovered, and went to pay 
a visit to Jena, where a imrober of the 
students Asked him to lecture to them. For 
this purpose he settled at Jena lu Oct., 1719, 
and Uvea in the house of Professor Buddens 
(J. P, Budde). Ho graduated m.a. in March 
1720. Iu 1723 he was appointed adjunct of 
the Theological faculty at Halie, as fllso 
inspector of the Orphanage; in 1726 extra- 
ordinary professor erf theology; and in 1727, 
After A, II. Fmnoke's dmth, ordinary pro- 
fessor ns well as preacher at the Stsliulllirclie, 
Here be was very popular, bolb as preachot 
and professor, but the jealousy of hie col- 
leagues induced biin to accept an offer from 
ihe Laudj^iAve Eruat Ludwig of HesEe, who, 
in 17* I, invited hitn to Gieswn as «upe;iu- 
tendent and first professor of theology (before 
leoTing Halle be graduated I\D., June 28, 
1731>, aiiil in Aug., 1732, Appointed hint also 
director of the Paetlagagiran at Qiessen. In 
1731 llO was, for ynrioys reasons, greatly in- 
Alined to flccopt tlio offer of the first professor- 
ship of theology in the newly- founded t?ni- 
TOraitY Ot Gottingen, but Actually, at the 
eirbest request of the randgravc, roniainal in 
Giessan, wliere he <1. of fever, April W, 1735 
{Die Familit Rctmbmli. By Br r T. Hauscu, 



ttAM&ACH, JOHANST JAKOB 

Ctotba, 1875; AUg, tkulicto Biog,, ixvil 
19f>; Sliliter /fir Hyimwiaait, 18o3, pp. 113, 
129, 1*5, 1C3, 180; 1881, p, 20; 1&85, 
p. 13, &c.) 

K*nil)ich waa n voIumlDoufi autbor in Tsrlotis depart- 
mentu «f practical tlieulagy, *#. his Instiluiwjmt itr- 
mauutiat menu, Jan, JJS1, whidi pused ttnouflb 
i eds. lb ills lifetinu ; hla S. rb&vLwii&i HtLndbiicfilein 
ftir K itubr, 1734 (see Mow}, vp'aich r&ichHl an sth ed. 
la 1TM* tnd a 14th in VlijA ; his vaiiouu ra]uua*s of 
Mnnona, ic. Be justly limed his jupnlaiity bj tbe 
tbunHiElLiiess of Lid researches, and the clear and coa- 
ciB4 way in which be set forth the re&ults of his invesLL. 
gallons. It Is henever as 4 hjcui-wrltsr that his name 
Is liksly to be bast known. ^Vbile ni>t entitled to ran a 
with tbe best hjmn-ntlton of the lath end if th csa- 
turfas, he jet takes a bifih place jHuong lis contem- 
poraries, and deserves to be remembered as much m 
almost any or the l*Ui cent. hymn-wrLun. His style 
Is good snd dlpilflel; his thouaht is profonnd yet 
tlaifly cjwnesed, Wblls Lis hymns ate ofUn snif- 
Uciinitlf dlilitlle, tbty are gSiMiaLr BtripIllfiL 4ml 
cturchljf in tone, and are cliaracttriebd by lytio tattt, 
livalf imagination, and tamest, BObsr piety. Of byUna, 
ill tbe HlTtt ^ense, be wracfl over ISO, a large rmnitwr of 
which KWsed iotn toe German hymu-boolcB pF the l&th 
cent (J-fl, tie /Amiweer 9, If,. ITin, sod itfnti*irjr 
Q. B., 17(7. contains EJ by him), and a coiid muny ate 
still found In ntodera hjmn-books. t>f tiiese Dr. J. L. 
Pasig gives 16* In bis ed. of ltainbseb's Gtitiiiehi 
Licief, Idpzis. la+1, end the rest era printed by 
Hansen &s above, while the nist lines of tbe wLole srs 
given in the Jldrter as above. Fojr arc reeo&ta {prscLic- 
aUyoriginfLlBl, nisds for tlio lltb e<L, 1^19, of Freyiine- 
hausen'a ff. £., to rapLace similar bymns in the ed. of 
1705, The Test principally appeared in the Rjllovrlng 
works by Bambuch. viz.: ( 1} Gtittltcke PotslrH, Ualle. 
1710 [Drit. Hlus.1 The first parLconteins 71 tantstuft on 
tbe Gospels for Buadays antl festiTsls; the Fecund psit 
Includes id Uyaios. mutlly written st Pohie In 171*. 
(ffl rvttiwfa JUS-oVdantilMii, Jena and Irfiraig, 11X3 
ftwyal Lib., Berlin], Included ere IB pieces which may 
be ctdted bymns. The Slid ed. of If St [Brit Mus.] hss 
i9 rKThjmaa ; jutdtlis STd ed., 17is [QSttlnsen Library], 
has 33 more. (1) JrtouIiiAii ,ffa-ndouiW<iH/nV A'imfcr, 
(liessen, 1734 rjumbnrg Library], Tbe 3(d virt «ontalos 
B new hymns. (4) (7eiUrei«W Mtttis-Ccmnff-Buch, 
FrankJutt tnd Ltlpltg, 1T3I1 [Hamburg Library], Willi a 
breraOO dated Apr J 10, l?SS_ Thla (QntajTN IIS hymns 
\)f Sattiliach, of winch AS jura practically new, 11 of 
those, however, bulng recasts of his ciwn earlier hymns. 
(S) Wander dfr bix Sim 3bcb dzt JFrcuta!* tmttdrlffttn 
Ltebe, Qiessen, use- [Berlin Ijlbrmyj, This includes 
2} new hyoma. 

One of Bahabuch's bymns is noted at 
p. HO, i, The others, -which liave passed into 
English are :-~ 

I. Aaf! 9etle, lobicka ditb. Holy Communion. 
Written, by rec.u*st for the lltk ed., 1719, of 
Freylingnaaeert's 0-, B n 1704, as Ho, S2S, ia 
16 st. of (5 ]., in order to replace the hyma 
"Anfi Stele, soy gerBsL" 

This hymn, by George Heine, Ties Included ia the 
Gtittrtielia Q. B., Holle, Lest, p. 4.1]. In the 2nd ed., 
1771, of the complete book formed by tbe fusion of 
pt. i., j lot, and its snppl. of 17W wlUi pt, 11., in*, of 
Freyllngtjaue«n's Q. IS., both hymns lie given, Heine's 
as No. 534, and Raishiidi's as No. sji, liuth niarknl as 
being So. 3S9 in pi. I., llUi. 

Hamhaoh's hymn is in his 7/ntts O. 11., 1735, 
No, 369; the BeTliu G. L. S., e.l. 18UJ, No. 471, 
ha. In FosigV ed- of his Gridl. Littler., 1S41, 
p. 112, entitled '- Before the receftion of Holy 
Commuuion." It has been tr. as : — 

Ky aoul prepare to meet. Omitting st, i., 11. 4— 
tj ; ii. T II. 4— S : vii., ill'., lis No. 570 in the 
JforainVrn //. J?A., 1763 (1849, No. Si}6). In the 
ed. of 1&B6, No. 97 D he-gins ivith st. \v., " How 
should I, slunghtered i.sml " ; nnd No> 1012 
with itt. si, "l^nl, of Thy wotidrou* love." 

li. Hail Jwu, dor du vor dom Bonaulsn. //of J/ 
CoiumKritoit. Api^arcd in Frevlingbiuisen's (?. 
11,, llth ed., 17 IS, is tfo. a'JS, in 9 st. of 6 1. 
It \\-Aa written to replace the hjnui " Mein Jesn, 
liicr *in;l dfins Uiiiilcr " (Geistreiches G. £., 



6AMBACH, JOHANN JAKOB 

Eatle, 1GA7, p. 383), in the lit ed. of Freyling. 
hausen'd 3. U. It ia in his flaui 9. £., 1735, 
Ho. 365; the Berlin 0. L. &, ed. 1863, No. 
1601; and in Pmtg, 1344, p. 110, entitled, " On 
the treasures of Grace ia Holy Communion." 
The tra. are : — 

1. Lord Junta, Win bafow Thy pmian, Omit- 
ting st. is., this ia Ho, 1131 in the Suppt. of 
mm U Dm Moravian M, Bk., 1801 (1886, 
Ho. S63> 

I, 4 lard, Whfl an tk«t leat aad (o*. A good 
()•■, omitting it. ii., by Hiss Cox, contributed 
to Lyra Ewetori$ti<Xt, IS03, p. 15, arid Ftyeatad 
ia )\erff ift. from the Ger., 1804, p. 75. Included, 
omitting St, iil,, in G. 3, JellifHe'a C»H., 1867. 

iil. Laani, den k»in Aadcor gleiolL, CKrut 
mif Pjwjjilrf. In hii Jfiius tf. £., 1735, No. 107, 
in & st. of 6 1., entitled, " On the prophetical 
office of Jesus Chriat." Repeater! in the Berlin 
<7. £, a, ed, 1863, N#. US, 4nti in foiiy, 1S44, 
p. 51. JK fiiJ— 

BotIj jwne Hk* Tiia* can t»*«b, By Miss Fry, 
in 102 lines, In bar Sj/a. of ilie Reformation, 
1845, p. 130. A r*eait in 3 it. of 8 1., begin- 
ning, "Sayiour, none lite Tiieo can tench," 
waa included in J. WhitterflWe's Supph to till 
H. Bks., 1860, No. 283, and Tepeated in the 
AfctA. Jf. Ctwt. //. Hit., 1803, tfo. 62, 

It. Wf* herrlloh irt« ela aohtflein Ckrirti wndea, 
Joy i» Believing. In his Fdct&lie Fest-Gtd* 
artcktn, 2nd ed. 1727, p. 131, in & st. of 1,, 
entitled, "Tli* Blaaiedneaa of the Sheep of 
Christ. John x. 23, 'I give my sheep eternnl 
lifa.'" In his Houa &. 11., 1735, No. 325 ; the 
Berlin Q. L, 8., ed, 18S5, No. tf+5 i anJ F<ttitj, 
1844, p. 139. 2r.a»:— 

Haw gnat tin bliaa to be a aheap af Jam. A 
(>', of at, L, ii., v,, by C- J. Latrobs, aa No. 293, 
In tha Moravian II. Bk., 1789 (1886, No. 335). 

Hj/djm not in Ertflitk G. U, i— 

v. JJhrisaendeic laUfcaimnuier Oeist. 7S* 0m»i- 
uf™t pus. In Ida JJBtu 0, A., I Us, No. 12. in 6 at. ; 
tilt Jterlln a. L, J., ed, 1903; And lb 1'tttig, p. S. Tr. 
aa. "Tlioa Spirit, perfect and allwi*B.' r If/ Dr. B. 
MiUt. 1*54, p. i'. 

t1, Tnntuoa Lama, ran "waa flU KimieiL J 1 o*iioi- 
tidi. Ia Uis f^eiTSd* Mit-tMdnncteJi, 'nd ed,. lfil, 
p. 49, Id * at. In lila Jtnm S. n„ U3S, Ko. iai, it 
KFiiiis. "Frtmimt* Lawui. dureli ile*»™ IVmnlen." 
Also in Mi, n. M, IV, as, "Greit Tliy wjrruwa, 
intar'd Jesw,^ By X*r. /T, ju;U(, lais (lasu, p. an). 

lit GlHtE uad £vWMKdium, iiw and fSespcl. In 
hid iKltlt tf. If,. 1T3S, So, 351, in 10 st. ; tin Berlin 
e. L. S., ad. 18Wj nnd Pbsj'0. n. 105. JV- as, "The 
Loly 1*" imd so»p*!. both." fij- J>r, /f. *i((«, i«5 
(ie5a,p,a;.) 

iiii. Hmr T dn tart naci dan Tall. Xefurt work. 
In bis lia*u & Jf. T lias. Mo. s4S. In t bE. ; und iVirip, 
p. iso. In (ba Berlin 0. JV., l^(. No. 246, It is altered 
(piolxil,|y by J. S. Diwridi), alii l>ulsa " Ho liaet wis. 
Heir die Pflieht." Tbla Is It. m. " Cord, Tnuu Last IjW 
ua IciI»t.it. bid us toil." Ey JfiK Wimtki', ibjh, p. ikid. 

ii. Hibt bin inb Hart, du tuftit mir, virittian 
Work, in bia Baur G. B.. 173=. W«, MS. In e si. : tin: 
WrJrttenjbwa- C. J)., 1*«, No. 3«i ind J'ati.l, p. 119. 
Tike iri. are fi) ,L lIera am I. ]^>rd, Tliau c^illesb idl% 
Thoo drawen me," Er Xit* Trarnii 1 , luEH, p. 2(9. 
(3) '' Hfre am I, Lord, Thou caJlebi me, Tbcu draTTOst 
and." By Mrs. i'ltidliter, fn JT. £, L., ah eeriei, iHel. 

x. ttk^bhite YoIUwiunaribeit, reueete tknuio. ff«ff 
Majcity. Written fire Oie mb ed,, 1719. of Frcyllng- 
baumu'e Q. B.. Ho. ltd (in SO at), to replace an atimy- 
moas hymn. In the leted-. IK*, -whloli fieean ■■ JBclute 
YulllnqoiDenriBji^ ollea tti ftlnem." Ill his iitiu* tf. f ., 
1735, No. 3, RsDilach r«Jucel It ta It it., and rcurota 
it u> An *»*[« mnt.fi', so jib to liejfln * niicldte* iVesen, 
reUute Sonne." Both forma are in ratty, pp. 3-a, 
TT. as *" If HeaT'nt and Kanln there were lr,r,umtr- 
atde ," a ir. of at, lit., vl[l., xl., iv,, av[E M xtx., jck., aa 
Jto. ttl, In ijt. i. of the ASrarinti Ji. £I-.. 1TS4. 

li, ij(na« Beiet, deaa Vun Allea fiUlet. 7!ie 
OntntprTKtti One. ill taia UfitllicJn /Vtsitn, 1T3S, 



B AKKI M , JEHEMIA H E AM E3 951 
p. Sail, In 9 at.; hia zu.ua a. 4., nai. H<i, n ; tie 

WCrttemli^rg i'. A., ISJl;, So. U- t and f'sBj'c p, I. 
J*r. is, "Eternal Oud, Thy dnellinf(-plac«." ]Sy Jir. 0. 
TTaMer, IBM, p. 13. 

iiL fmwtrOdrtJ rnpnwjfllarJUiitt. fflrfj 
AiiiiTictr. In Ida Cti4Ki>Ati J'uuitn, ll*f, p. 3ST, In 
t» el, ; hUMltw fi. B., 1!3\ No, IS ; and J'win, p. 15. 
Tr. is. "O nilgQtj Spirit! Source whence all Uilncg 
iprvsg." Dy Min wlnknartK lesa, p. 1M. 

rflL Tmklarte Jbjeatat, ubetmiji-irUidifat'WefeB. 
ffinTa ITajatg. Founiled cm 1 rim. vl. is, it). In hia 
Gcittliche 1'ocllen, ilW, p. 303, In 11 St.; lilfl IKtlit 
e. 3., K3S. Ho. 1 1 and ratiff. p. 2. The form tr. la 
" Anlitton^* Htdgi r Cmtt,"* raeatl (probably' hy J. 3, 
TUteiicb), uhlcli Ls No. 1 in tlia BerlJit u. B., I7s5,arn| 
No. 5 In tile Berlin a. i ?., ed. laefl, 3>. ua, " l^read 
Miijaaty above." Uy i)r. J, JTilti, 15145 (1BSII, p. H). 

aiv. Wirt, bidder Sinn, dan Knmnar ain, <?krlt(. 
Shut. In hia Jfam (J. £., 11SS, No. I'M, in I it 
(fbnnded on Earn. vILL 31, 3?). la foj^p, Jh. E, and the 
Cn-ir. ^, 5., leal, Ifo. 90. 7f. aa, "Throw, soul. [ Jay, 
tby fdapp away," By JTjIIi Jfapiiftr^d. 156*, p. !H. 

[!j.M.] 

7pi4)fLtpO?.] 

Randallj ThomiiSi m.a,, Tvaa b, in ITU, 
find studied nt the University of Edinburgh, 
where lie graduated it. a, in 1730, In 1739 lie 
became pnriali minister of Incbtuio, FcrtU- 
akin!, and in 1770 miniate of iJio Enat CiiuTfll, 
Stirling, He d. nt Stirling, Jnly al, l7fi[>. 
He waa one of those added in 1744 U> Uhj 
Couloiitice of the General Assembly of tha 
Churuh of SiMtlnnd which cora^ilcNl tbe 
TraiutatioM and Paraphrases of 1745. To 
bilii its ascribed No. 11 in tliu collection of 
1745, No, 40 in tbut of 17S1. Seo Boottieb 
Tranalatimia and Panjibruaa. [J. M.J 

Kandolph, Anson Davis Pete, wjb b, 
at Woodhridrje, New Jersey, Ot.'t. 18, lS2d, 
and butme^uantly became a publisher atnl 
Ux>h«oll«r m N*w Yorlt, Ills UnpefuU i 
W&iling o»ri olJUr Verte* were pub. in 1S# , 
His JiyillD " l(VwiFJ r , IVufd, of htrujsgliug llcro " 
(Desiring to Ifap&Tty, wea written in 1849, and 
first printed in tbe New Yoit hulepeiuleitt. 
It was repeated In Lis. Hopefully Waitiitq,&a,, 
1867, and lb in a few collection*. [1*. M. BJ 

Rands, William Brlghty, wne b. in 
Chelsea, in 1S2G and d. at Diilwicli on April 
23rd, 1882. He Was a coli^ifk'mblc conlri- 
hutor to litemturo, but tinblislmJ his uoiln; 
unflcrTrMitms i»pigs— ^s,^. " Jlattljow JBtowue," 
"Htvury Holbeacli," "Lillipnt Lov«»," &c. 
One hjmn by bim of prosit forco and origi- 
nality lias Found its wa,y into rcctrit h^niuals, 
" Ono Lord there is nil Lords nlove' (fi«( a 
eon&vmiiig fire to tin). It apjHj:intl urigLnn-lly 
in his " Lillipnt Lecturers" 1ST 2. It bss 
been included in Hoider'u Ctniffregat'QHal 
Hymtt, 1984, and in tlifl d'agrtgatiotud 
cLtcli HymmU 1SS7. [W. O. H J 

Bankin, Jerwriiali Unmee, p.p., was 1), 
nt Tboruton, Now Haven, Jan. fi, lftaS, and 
educated at Midrllobur^ Collcse, Vtriuout, 
mid at Andowr. For tvfo yam ha residtd at 
PotsdEun, V.S. 8 ubaeqTient I y ho licid pasioral 
cbnrgi.-s us a CongjfejjuiioiKir Ji inifittr it Now 
York, St. Albans, Objirltijtnwii, 'VVosliinghnn 
(District of Columbia^ &c. Ill 1H1S ho edited 
ftiO Otnpd Tempttante Jlfpitnal, find later 
tlio Gospel Belt*. His hymns epueof^d in 
tlieeo collections, ami in U. E. Joiks's Soagt 
of the New Life, 18(39. His best knowu Iivmn 
in "Loltrmriiig und heavy Inden" (Seeking 
Christ). This ivtu " tititlon [in 1855] for a 



952 



RAWSOK. GEOBflti 



lister who was an inquirer," was fiifct printed 
tn the Boston Recorder, and, then included 
in Naaon's Omg. A J*., 1857. Another of 
his hymns is "Beet, rest, rest, brother rest." 
He d. in 1904. [F, M. B.J 

Hawson, George, was b. June 5, 1807, 
at Leeds, in which town bo practised for 
many years as a solicitor. In 1853 he assisted 
the Congregational ministers of Leeds in tlie 
connpilHtiou of Psalms, Hymnt, And Pattdge* 
of Scripture for Christian Worship, a vol. 
commonly known as the Leedt HynmVx>ti. Mr. 
Bawson was a member of the Congregational 
body. In 18^ ho also assisted Bov, Dt. 
Green and other Baptist ministers iu the pre- 
paration of Ptalm and Hymns for the usb of 
ffte Baptist Deamrination. A. number of Mr. 
Rawson'sown compositions Bret appeared in 
tiiis and in the Lecdt B. 3k. Id 1876 lie pub. 
his Hyntnt, Verm a-ad ChmiU (Hodder and 
Btonghton, London), including his previously 
published hymns, and containing (eieUieivo 
of chants) 90 original pieces. In 1885 most 
of tlwso, with wver&l additional hymn*, wore 
pub. by the "EL T. 9. under the tftle &mg» of 
8v(titval Thought. Mr. Kawaon d. March 25, 
' 1989. His hymns are distinguished by re- 
finement of thought, and delicacy and pro- 
priety of language ; and if they do not attain 
the first rank among the songs of the Christian 
Church, many «c of great excellence. The 
most widely known are, " By Christ redeemed, 
in Christ rostercd;" "Come to our poor 
nature's night;" "Father in high heaven 
dwelling ;" " In the dnTlr and cloudy duy ;** 
and "Reaper, behold the fields are white." 
In the Leedi H. Bk,, 1853. and the Bap. i's. £ 
Hyt. t 1&56, there are also several recasts of 
and addition* to the hymns of other writers. 
These arc noted in this Dictionary, and may 
be gathered from the indoi of Anil™ u4 
Tnuhtton, In addition to Mr. Bawson 's 
hymn a which are annotated under their re- 
spective first lines, the following are also in 
C V. :— 

i. From the Leeds II. Bk., 1853. 

1, Captain 4IH| Ssviour pf the hast, Iturffit. 
a. Give dnat XQ dujjt; uid bere we le&VE. httriol. 
a. God the Lord is King — before ]ilm. Pt. sccix. 
4. Inibe dwlc and cloudy day. CtoHBolaiioB. 
tk. Soul, thy -week of toil Trended. &furdatf.£Trefliiiy. 
*. Though tilt night ttt very lung. RttigvotivF. 
li. From tho Bapltat I Wirt* it Hymns, 
1S5S. 

V. BchjUXUI. deeired, md dew. fufJiV Worship, 
9. Bletmed *rt tiny who Imve not wen, Witrt. 
9. Blessed 1b the fkikbrul liuil. FUnthfiftms*. 

10. Christ to he*TCn ii inne before, jlictarim. 

11. God the Fither, be Thou near. Z'uftiinf. 
li Ua fell uleep In Christ the Lard. Burial. 

la. Immttited hanftitb tue dining wave. Bbl j £n/i- 
titn. 

14. Lord, « Uese Tliee, Who hul gives. ilolj 

15. My Father Cod. wltb Bltal i«-e. Jtiiftsj? (n C«t. 
1«. Out eyes we lift Up to toe tiila. Tkt liirtf. t/it 

i'aStor'i Kctptr. 

11. Keuper, benotd ths fields mt ripe [whitt], *(*' 
lionf, 

li. Elae, he»rt, tby Lord tnite. Sunday. 

14. Upon Uie boly uLonntiLlnB bie^h, &cjdr^fy o/ ih<s 

iii. From tlie Ltedi Sunday S. Ii. Bh., 
18S8. 

24. And will fflow still] the mighty God. The Eels/ 
Ghat. 

31. Jenu, the Lord, floe Bifhteouanotg, /ecu*, He 
rtildrtn't JWcrut. 



ftEBUB CBBATIS NIL EGEM8 

33. Titoa Good SlgecbcnL TS* ffip«j jft^trd, 
it. From Ur. AIIod's jSiuiblein^nJal Hymn*, 

1968. 
33. Hy Fttier, it ii good lor me. 7rnlt. 

, 34. Tbon Wbo bud knowq the c*rewom fareut 



15. Wilting with ThH, my God. WnlkingitUlt Sni. 
v, Fiom Mr. Bawson't Hymrnt, Yertes, At, 
1S76- 

2S. God ii our Refuge; God oor Strtngth. Pi. sltl, 

ii. Lo, t voice from beivai h»th uliT Jfurial. 

39, Lord, let me p«y. I know not how. TKt Hvljf 
Spirit duirai. 

24. pallid, gentle, grlsJ-Hflm fkce. Ensitr iw. 

30. Out of toe derttbs. the golfs, the night. I't. axt. 

31. Tide, the old worli'i diy of km. Saluriay 

33. Thou who Tnwlf dldrt BllldLty. Ordiftatum. 

[ief*-:.j 

33. Volcea of the deep Mue night. IS* Heavenly 
Coil. 

st. lYIth gltdntes we noraMp. j^hUu Worilip. 

When to these Si hymus are added those 
which are annotated under their respective* 
first lines, and the recasts which are mainly 
Mr. Rawaoo's own composition, he ia repre- 
sented by about 50 hymns in the collections 
of the present day. It must be noted that in 
the fljiftjw, *c, 1876, and in tho Songs, Ao., 
1865, tlie texts of tbe hymns have been 
revised by the author, and in several instances 
been weakened thereby. [W. S. S.] 

Baymond, WUliaiu Bbsme, m.a., wmj 
b. in 1882, and educated at Magdidene Col* 
lege, Cambridge, b.a. 1954.- Taking holy 
orders, he was for sometime Curate of Tedstone* 
Delamcre. Herefordshire. Subsequently he 
became a Fellow of St. Nicholas College, 
Lancing, Sussex. Ho d. iu Jc63. His hymn 
for Eattftr Eve, "Weeping as they go toeiit 
way," was pnb. in I. G. Smith's H. Bk.for ike 
Seridcet n/tht Church, &s n 185Si and is found 
in several collections. [J. J.] 

HebUfl Crestia nil flgena. O- Gitffit, 
[6eptncg«*iv*aA PuK id the Para Breviary, 
1734; and again in Oomn'sflHiniif&ifljy, 1736, 
p. 45. It is nlso in J. Chandler's IIvn. of the 
Prtmitim Church, 1837, and Card. Newman's 
fljimi" Eeelttiae, 1838 aod 1863. Tt. as :— 

t. <hLrGod.il Hi. oeiMti*l**4t, By J, Chandler, 
ia his ffy>. o/ (As Prim. C/iitrch, 1837, p. 63 1 idd, 
agHiti, in his /Ijft. of tho Church wwrt/y Primitive, 
1841, No. &4. It was repented in the Peopt^iH., 
18o7, aad othen. Then! .ire also altered veTsiona 
of Chandler— as (1) » Blest in Thyself, created 
thing," in Johnston's English. Hyl.,l&¥l and 1861 ; 
aaJ (2) " JUi-J, who art enthrone J on high," 
in the Htpananj, 1B72. 

3. Hunt d4*t not serf emtlon'i jud. By K. 
Cnmnbdl, in his Ilys. tmd AntJiems, 1S50, p. 61 ; 
and, again, in a few collections. 

8. 0* «mtlca mafbt Thou nto dosti By W. J. 
Slew, in his Church H. § 2Sjjw Bk, t 185S-55 : 
sad Bice's &l. from the some, 1870. 

4. OtxiMt, is Chine ill-lliaiinl iE«te. By J. D. 
Chambers, in his Laviki Sytm, 1857, p, 121. This 
was renritten hv the Compilers of H. A. $ M., 
1801, eis, " O Lord, iu parfuut bJise ftbcv* " (omit- 
ted front ^/! A, $ AT. in 1875) j nnd this, ngaiir, 
alt.eri.ii3 in the tier. t\ Pott's Ifi/tnns, 1861, u, 
"Thou, Who art All in All above. 

t, D Qod, the jay of lueVn dnri. By the Com- 
pilers of H, A, & IS, in their Stipfl, jfymiu, 
18S&, 



BEOOBDABE SANtTTAK OBUCIS 

Otbartti, tit: — 

1. 'Lima tint JukW no anted thing. J. S. A. «2«. 
ISM, 

3. Thou of the (Mags crated nothing- needing, !• 
Wiiiromi. 183ft. [J. J,] 

Raeonlai* sanotaa onieia. jSJ. Bena- 
vtntura. IPcutitmtiiU. Holy CrottJ] Included 
as his * Latudiamvis de aancta truce," in a col- 
lection of Lia tractates, pub. at Paris c. 1510 
(Brit. Mm. 8568 a). Tie text, in 90 linn, 
u also in hla Opera, Mainz, 1609, Tol. ri, 
P. 423. F. W. E! Both, in hii inf. /Jraneit, 
1887 f gins a long form in 77 st of 3 I. from 
a as. of the lfrth, cent at Darmstadt. A 
selection of ttanicaa beginning with the first, 
Is given by JitonincS, i. p. 315 r Daniel, iL p. 
101; Ae*™!, No. 82, and other*. Trended, 
1664, p. 143, gi^ea * selection of Btausaa from 
the second port of the poem begrnnt[r& * Quatn 
deepectne, quam dejectua," [J. M.] 

Both of these selections from the original 
hare been (r. either in full or to part, thus ; — 

J. m*M«i*n aautae. ttniti This, from DdflfcFi 
tilt, bL L-viii., xt., as : — 

Fender ton tat Ctna all hair, la Behalf's Cir 1st 
in Sum}, 1863, wis made by Dr. E. A, Washburn, 
of N.York. la tit Hymnary, 1672, No. S7, it 
compiUd, with alight alteration*, from tela tr. t 
together with the addition of the )&st staua, 

Otatr tr*i an i— 

1. Make tUeCmwyonT meditation, in. H. Harbugh 
in Ibe American Mtmnburg Rceieur. ierK>»p. 461. 

Si Jesus' hnlj' Crow noil dying. Dr. J. W. Alexander, 
In nl9 Tkt Braking tYsriWe. St. 16(1, and SchalT's 
C'*r(fi jfi «™, JRej, 

a, In Uk foly Crow delight. i>. r. Jftrpan. 1911 
and 1890. 

iL tun datpeet**, qniw dejettitt, This from 
*t i.-iv., as in Trench, is fr. jib : — 

1. 8*a of San, an! In of ternrwi, By H> 
Kynivston, in hie Oaxxx.iiol RymTit, 1863, No. 43. 

I. want dame and itwlatlML By P. S. 
Worsley, in his Poems and TV*., 1863, p. 183: 
and in. Lyra MeisicHtKa, 1864. 

I£L OuJ lugte tudii, lafttpiitt. This from the 
remaining sta. of Trench, is tr. as: — 

Tan that beamt, with Hit fmaninf, alto by 
H. Kywiston, In hit Occasional R,, No. 43, ft ii. 

From there two parts in Kynatton, No. 36, 
tn the ffpmnnry, 1873, is compiled. [J. J.] 

Rector pofcona, varax Deus. St. Jm- 
6mm f [jV«m».] This hymn has been ascribed 
to St. Ambrose, and is certainly ancient, but 
ia not assigned to him by the Benedictine edi- 
tor* Daniel, 1, No. 41, gives the original 
(and the teit of the Rtom» Brev„ 1038), in 
2 it, of 4 1., and nt iv. p. 44, cites it na in n 
Rheinan hg. of the 10th cent. ; while at iv. 
p. 43 ]jc expresses the opinion that the hymn 
"Bis tenuis boras" (q. v.). is more probably 
that written by St Ambrose for the Sixth 
Hour. In all Che ancient Bnrtiutit* it is tho 
hjtnn at Belt, dh in tho Afnhrotian of 1538, 
the Itovtmt (Venice, 1478 and the revision of 
1632), Moatmlfie of 1302, Sarttm, Tor*, &a 
It is e-uggtstud by Hosea vii. 4, Ps. xoi. 6, 
and Jftitiea iv. 1. As the sixth hour waa the 
time for the mid-day meal (Acts I. 9), it may 
have been meant for Sbc- aa a prayer against 
the temptationa of the flesh. [W. A. S.] 

junkt, i. p. sn, dtea ft i« in two hs*. cf U» 9lh c«nt. 
U Utijiuladt 4Sd »t Triw, both osl^nlnf H to Seat. 
It Is tlso In thre* lit. of lta« 11th cent, tn tbe Brltlsk 
•tOMnni <V«p. D. nil. f. St; Jul. A. sf. ui H»tI. 
»tl£So); Lai Mb. olllje litli ctni.uftiniuiiChilnJ, 



B£EI> f ANDBKW 



963 



OunMafea (311, p. U»)t In tba St flail. ■*., No. J13, 
nf tbi llUi (wnt. 4a. In tit Zatw J^i. qf U« J(M*o- 
stnm dumb (SarUffl Society), i»ii, it la printed from 
an lllh «& us, at Dnrbam <ft ill. » f. *}. j^J, Jt] 

TrftnslatLons in C> U. : — 

I. flod, tin Lo> of ■!«« m* tlw*. Curd. 
Nnraoan, in Jhlrf* /sr (A# TTflnfli, ISM, No. 7fr, 
p. $8. In hia Verm, (so., 1853 and 1800*, it 
beglnt, "O God, Who canst not ohnugc nor fail." 
It it in several modem collections, Including the 
S. 1>. C. E. awe* fly*. 1871 (185 J teat), ffyi. 
for tht (7m 0/ (A* Kii"e*™fji o/ Oxford, 187a, Ac. 

t. « CFtd «f tnrt*, AlmianiT Lord, By J. Chandler, 
in hie Mat, of the JPrlmiiiee CAvroA, 1837, p. 6, 
It was rewritten for tho EtyjfiA ifyl., 1SSS, as 
u Unchanging QoA, all-powerful Lord." It ia 
iIm alightly altered in the /AjwWrjf, 1872. 

1. l«d *f tUnal tmtn and mlcjkt. By E. Caa- 
woll, in hie Lyra Ctftiut'O*, 1849, p. 11 j and 
his -ffjss. # Poena, 1673, ^ 7. In Hurray's 
/Jymikrf, 1852, and other*. 

4. «H<™lTnni,*t«nuan%ht. By K. Carophijl, 
ia hie iiy*. *«f AttiWw, 1S50, [*, 40 : the Scot- 
tish Epieco. Hfjmm, 1859, Sic. 

*. flod of troth, !*■* of mit*U By J. M. 
Neaie, in the Hymnal 1/., 1853, No. S, and later 
editions. In the Salisbury H, Bk., 1857, its. h, ii., 
were considerably altered, and a new Jniology 
wns substituted for that by Df. Ntnle. It wns 
a jaii altered by the Compilerj of H, A, $ X., 
18S1, and others, Mertet « teit, in. hi* Cli/amK 
Ps. $ H. Bk., Oxford ed., is that of II, A. fr M. 
again altered, It begins, " 2'Aou God of tnath, 
'htm Lord of might" 

6. Thw atitlrj BalM, Goo of tnta. By J. D. 
Chambers, in hie PaolbSr, itc^ 1852, ]•. 137, and 
theP(aj/)iij'sif.,lS67. In Cham hers'* LcmiiaSyon, 
1657, p. {17, it we* altered to "Almighty Ruler, 
God of truth." 

t reaalatbns not in 4. V, i— 
]. Idlantye Buler^Ood most true, Soma. Primer, 
IMS. 

& AIl-mtiuK (tod, unenic* Way. Prixer, 1T0& 
3. Mlcatf Eittrelgn, Cod Svpmne, f»p. A. Jfittt 

i, Bnlei oillMjmttDt, Whose might. T. Doubledity'e 
JJjn»lwriiiiH jliifliiQMi™. ltu. 

s. MlattT nuler, God most true, flatting all, te. 
Bp. J. Willlaiia. 1»1J. 

». Oiidof mJ(lit,in truth asdnoner. IT, ^, Coptttmi. 
184H. 

T. rtinoe of all pnwei, high God and tree. W. J. 
Slew, lBia-(J. 

a. <3od rf rnrta and King of po*(t. H. Sosai, Hyt, 
of IWt\ And Hi™. IS46. 

5. Stioog Rofcr, Clod 1V1io»6 wold la truth. J. Keble, 
In hla iiscril ft«mi. 1*4*. 

10. O 0od ot tmlh and Lord of rolB^t, J. WM<m, 
1*W. [J. J.j 

Eedewmed otT^nrler, h*il tb* day. J. 
Jf. Toplady. [Fatsiontide.'] let pub, in his 
J'cwm* fln Soared Subjects, £c^, 17&0, in 8 at. of 
4 I. It was not Included in his Pa. awj ifys^ 
1770, but i» republished in D. Bed^Brick'u re- 
print of llis .ffymiw, 1800, p. 124. In its full 
form it is not in common use, but a Cento 
therefrom, " For me vouchsaf d tV nnsriott^t 
Lamb," is £iven i Q Spurgean'e O, 0. H. Bl,., 
186ti, No, 28U. It is composed of (ft. in'., iv., 
and Tiii. unaltered. [J. J.] 

Seed, Andrew, U.D., bOu of Andrew 
Reed, was b. ia lymdoo on Nov. £7, 1737, and 
educated for the Congregational Ministry at 
Hackney College, Londdu, He waa first tile 
pastor of the New Road CbapeL, St. GeargeV 
nvthe-East, and then of the WyelifJe (Jhapel, 
which was bnilt thtsngh hieexe rtioni in 1830. 



054 



BEED, ELIZA 



His degfrea was conferred by Yale College, I 
America. He d. Feb. 23, 1802. As the 
founder of " The I*>ndon Orphan Asylum," 
" The Asyluin for Fatherless Children/ « TUo 
Asylum for Idiots," " The Infant Orphan 
Asylum." and " Tho Hospital for Incurables," 
Dr. Reed ia radio fully known, bud will be 
longer remembered than by his literary publi- 
cations. His Ilynat Book was the growth of 
years. Tbe pi-cpar&tiaii began In IS 17, when 
he pub. a jS'itujifsitwni to Watts, in which were 
a few originals. This was enlarged in 1625; 
and entirely superseded by bis collection Tfts 
flj/nin UtujJi, prepared jmin Tfr. Walts'} 1't. i 
fljin, cmd Oiiec .lutfujrtf, witfi some OfiYrinale, 
in 1812 (Preface). His hymns, rnCwtiy of a 
plain and practical cliaracleT, numbering SI, 
Irerecautribnted to these various editions, and 
were republished with those of his wife (see 
below) in the Wgcliffe Suypliim&it, 1812. The 
best known are " Ah Jesus, let me boar Thy 
voice," and " Spirit Divine, attend our prayer." 
All Br, and Mrs, Heed's hymns are anon yinous 
in Tlie Hymn .Booi, 1S4E, but are (nyou with 
their names in. the Wytliffe Sttppl, 1S73, 'His 
Iiymnsnow in C. TJ. include, in addition to those 
annotated under their respective (list lines ; — 

1. Cotne, lei Hi efrika^ur harps afresh. Pmfie. 

2. Oome, my HejeemHr, come, .Zfegirtaa 1 CArut'i 
Preiawt 

3. Clcntle Saviour, k»k op me. ffhrist't protection. 
Jtetirol. 

4. Oradcns Lord, as Thou hast taught oh. PuMie 
Worihiry. ■ 

*. Hark, bark, the notea «r Joy. Itcitwi, 

e. Holy Chart, with light <fa(ne (mn). fraw (« 
lis /filly $)<ris. SomelimeB given as *Huly Ghost, 
rim* light divine;" and igtlp as "Holy Sjjirif, Light 

f. Jjtatan, sinner, mercy hails yon. JjHNfafim. 
Generally pjven as " JTcnr. Simif, mercy tails yem," 

H. Kleh aie (be joys of solitude. Jt([iT«Bt(iK. Some- 
times givtu 4» " How <1«|) anil tranquil is tin Joj." 
4. There [comes] U an hour when 1 mani part 

10. Ye salnta year mnaic brine;, PrOrtre nf iht Cmst. 

[J. J.] 

Bowl, ElisiL, ne» Holmes, was b. in 
London, March % 1791 ; married to the fiev. 
Andrew Heed (see above) in 1316: and d. 
July 4, 1SG7. MM. Reed Oi) total fully And 
earnestly into her husband's Oitensivc charit- 
able Wotks, Her publications inelude Origi- 
nal Talc* jf"r Children ; and The Mother'* 
Mivnuid for tite TraiftiTig of her Children, 
1SG5. Her by inns, 20 in all, were contributed 
to her luuba.ud T H cijlleetioii, and wem l'epub- 
Uyhcdwilh lib ill tiie Wyclitfe Chaprf A'upjJe- 
went, 1872. Ttiey Eire only of aveiago merit, 
and have not attained to a marked position, 
Thoy include : — 

1. GrttLonsLoNLaBTIi™ bait bidden. IMa Baptitm. 

•2. I vruuld be 'lliifl*, O Lot* my liBart. iitiSfifilBa t\f 
Scff Ib Gkrbt. 

». O du nut let tilt vnri depart. Fie ActepUd rim*. 

4. O tiui i caiiltl tor ever dwell. Cbsuit«ium iril* 
ctti vatetd. [J. J.] 

Rag^a coeli ls*taje. [B. V. JbT.] An- 
BLdm fcjcliublget, in bis Mtitilitilitelte Spiw- 
tegien, Berlin, 1^70, p, 57, cites it us in n aia, 
of 1372, now at Eogelberg in P-v/itzerlacJ. 
It is given at an Easter autiplinn in the 
Rtamn J?n?f ., Modem*, lMZfi, f, 513. I&epeated 
in later eds, of the Jlmuau Bra;., una also 
in Daniel, ii. p, 319. Tc. as : — 

Xsy to thn, O Queen »f heiTeu, riy E. C.(9v,-*I1, In 
Lid j,^m faJluj'u.'ji, isjs, ji. 39; ami his Jfyi, hjuj 



HElHMAR 

Ajcnu, 1SJ3 i), S3, Itcpc^lcd in a ftw Eodud CitioH* 

flynm-booka fiir iwhoola Had mianiaas. 
OUur tn. are :— 

I. Kf Joyc*. iiiuft 'QitteQflf liCiVfifl. I'riiKtr. igui, 
?. ya&tuouf hcjvcn, r.ja>'k>!. JN'iour. ISIS. 

3. Uajoyc^, diaat IJueeu nf angels, and apply. J- 

i. Trlumpb, O Qo«n of licavon. to *«. Frhntr, 

*. KeJoloc O (Jlltttl of twaion, tard. NswnMa. In 
Tracts for tht lunu. ISM, Mu, Ji, p. iJ, 

4. QiKtnuXhuvtn, now rejoicE. .'. HaJtetir. 1371. 

[J. M.] 

Regriftnteni Hemplterna per aaeoulft 
BUfloeptura. [Advent.] This SajtKRc* is 
found in a us. ia the Eodlehui (ftxll. 775, 
f 108), wtitkn & 1000: and another oirca 
1070 (Douoe, 222 f. B2 &) ; in a Winchester boot 
of the II tfi cent, now in Corpus Christ! Co^ 
lege, Cambridge (No. 478); in a 12tli cont 
Gradual in tke British Museum (Beg. 2 B iv. 
f. &9 ii), &c. Amung Mistah it is found in an 
early 14 th cout. Farit, and a 14tli cent Sent, 
in the British Museum; in a Samtn, c, 1370; 
ft Jfo-e/urd; e. 1370, and a JW:, 0. 1300, 6,11 
now in the Bodleian ; in the St. Andreufs and 
Various Freucll Missals. In the Euglbjll 
Mtftah it is the Sequence for the second B. in 
Advent, Tfie prink-d text is also in Noale's 
Srmtentiae, JS52, p. 5; in Daniel, v. p, 17S1, 
nud Keln-ei't t No. 2, IV. ns :— 

Okriat that era xagns&. By E, A. Dayman, 
inaJc fur an J pub. in the llijimmry, ltiT'2. 

OUwt tn . are : — 

1, Him Wlio rukth oreition. /. D. CJiaabcrt. IMC 

2. Tu WL'knmt Him Wlio slull for ever reign. J. IV. 
Hewed, in Zjjij'o- Jfeaaia-iuco, lt^t?l. 

A. Kiiccption yiviiiR to tJw Kiiif; eternal. C. D. FeaC' 
spti, in lite jh^KMt MUtai in J7rj^£aa, lwes. 

*, Let ihe cbolr devoatly Vtlns. C D. reumnn, In 
hid Setuetuftt frr/M tht samtn Afittal, ia"i. [J. M.j 

Regnator orbia eummua et arbiter. 

Jam Baptists <le Sauteiil, [St. Midtael ami 
Aii Angels.'] Appeared in tlie Paris Jlr-tv., 
I6S0; tlie Clvittac Brev., 1(J8C, p. ]0y2; the 
antlior's Hymni Suwi et Noci, 1GS0, p. 43 (ml. 
I09B, p. 1K4); tlie l'<wh Brcv,, 1730; Mni 
Card. Newman's Ht/miti Eeett&ias, J£&j and 
18C5. Tr. ns :— 

Watr* tha angalio botta adon Thee. By F, Wjl- 
liams, in his /Tys, (r. /ram tiie PtirisittA llfeiku-g, 
1839,41. - 55 ' lh tlll! It.'inw-y It hegins, •' Whrrp 
the (rjijt'f-hosti injure Tliee," It h also nlterod 
in W. I Illew's CAitreA. II. and i^iw M,, 1852- 
1635. 

Another tr. la :— 

Oinnlpoknl. Innnitn LorJ. £. CUsrutll. me. 

[J. J.] 

EeLnmar, Eometiinca called Beinm&r 
der Alt*, or Eeinmar von. Hagenau, 
seems tfl have been b. nt Slnisaburjj, about 
111)0. Hu lived lwinci pally at the court of 
Duke Lcopuhl \'l. of Ausb-la, sccius to h^ve 
tnken part with luni in the Cruaidc of 1100, 
and winto one of bis finest pieces as un elejjy 
on his death in 1154. H^iumaF d. about J2<r7 
(K. Qoodtke's Grttndriw, vol. i., 1881, p. 52, 
«c). Ba was one of the most import nit of 
the Minnesingers, and is said to bare been the 
inventor of most of the forms of lyric used by 
the later Miniiitingtrs. This is strengthened 
by the fact thtit their pieces ais in great mea- 
sure variations on themes which were first 
employed by him. His pieces nre principally 
love songs, and smngi of tlie Crusades. The 
only one tr. into English is : — 



KETSSNEtt, ADAS! 

fie* TiAm do loli du Kriuit mm, P> lUaifcr'i ■&»£. 
C» Itanity Tkefghit. S. H. v. d« HaEEn, in hit Jfin- 
UMingw, vol. i., 1639, p. 181. give* this ran the JrluieBa 
He. ^liih cent.') of Urn M«fl«t»fltir, now In tf>e BLMin* 
Lbsqne Koticnale, it I'njs. Also la JRwJffmwt!, il,, 
p. BS, Li 1 st. of la 1. Tr. u l— " ll'cr ((not the d*y tills 
uvea ni mini," By JfCu IFuifcHitn'ii, 1M*, p, 4'. 

[JTKJ 

Beleaner, Adam, was b, in U&G at 
Hfridclsheim (now Mindelheim) in i^abihii 
Bavaria. He first studied at Wittonbcig, 
and then, about 1521, he learned Hebrew 
and Qreck under Johunn Reuclilill, Ho 
tben became private secretary to Georg vim 
Frenndsberg (who d. Aug, 20, 1528), and ac- 
companied him during the campaign in Italy, 
152JJ-27. Afta the c&ptnrc of Kcuie in 15li7 
he went back to Germany, and spent soma 
time fit Strassburg. whore he beenmc d friend 
and adherent of Caspar ScliwenkfeldL He 
gecmg to have been living at Frankfutt-am- 
Maiu in 1503. hut thereafter returned to 
MimMlieioi, where he wm still living in 1512. 
He nppesars to have d. there about 1S75. (iftxrfc, 
ii. 156 ; Pref*ee to his JKriprialTerni Gepj-gen 
tiNtid Herru Gtujxioi «W ,JVflM[Js&eT;7'$ [<1. Aug. 
31,1636] t'afta? muf&H!* .... KrieQeHthttea, 
f raiJtiiirt-ftm-Maiu, 13G£- Thfl Brit, Museum 
copy ib unmistakably dated on title IStHJ, 
but the preface is dated Jan. 31, 1572.) 

TIhem of Rtlibasl-'siil-lkT Lj'inneire In Snide's <?. B., 
lass-dO. Hl» kttr liyrtrae, Including i (r. of lim hymns 
of Prudratiua, are collected in tivo use., both duted ia>t 
(aee. TPacfecntdffcL, \. ph. MO, Hi'}. TIlM now at Wolfrai- 
MUtel ill entitled TtgUcJtt C«M«uiiVCli , . . lltir<ft jtltalH 
iramir, and contains m-ftr 40 bycmi willed may be 
Feeuded ■» k? Retain?!, tbe rest MllSB lij* other l?lit*lB 
uftha school of Sdiwehc-kMdt. Wocfcema^ii, toI. HI., 
gtvu Woo. 1J0-1M under 111* Bin*. 

The only hymn by Reissner b: into English 
is: — 

la dint lab loh gltrffrf, Hurt. J'i. uzt. 1st pub. 
In tne Farm find srdtHWff GigsliieMr Gaatig u»J 
hHtbiun, Augsburg, IH3, infl Wiethe In Wrrclwuoffi!!, 
1IL p. IB, In 7 A of « 1. It WTW Included la V. BdlBtS 
C. B, 1SJS, And repeusd in Jtlmu^t all tin; &WIB11H 
hynm-booka Tip to the jieilod ot UstlflnilLsiii. It is Ann 
of 1*8 best Pe*lm-Tf ntona of tho I'^furmiiliaii jxiimL 
Included In tlie rm). l.,S„ ia:i, K«, 6=!, Thutr.ta 

C. U, li !— 

Zii Ties, Ltori, hivft I wnt nf trarf. A go«l (^ , 
omlUidi bL vU,, by Mis* WlntworUi, iu lier (J. It. for 
Hitt/lAira, laes, N«. 110. 

Other tm. WHl^ 

[1) "Lcid, let mi never bficoniDuiidit." In tb<! ffude 
atlfi C*dEy «aUnl!j, ed. 156*, f. SI : ed. 1S09, V- HI- 
f3J( '*Or«t Hod> In llieo J put mrTniEt." ]Jy^. t'. 
Jaitrlri, l!ii, p, 33 (irjj, p, 116;. IlSpeattil in tllE 
Jftiraiiuitt /f, flk^nn. bt, i,, No. 11H. (3) " Lor^, I 
luve tniitod in Thy nuiie." By J)j-. //. Jii'He, 1*54, 
p.Ul, (41 "CuiThw, OLonl, niy Ii(j])t6 1 1*»«." Uy 
^V, A, y^<4i'H{rtaiH, lam, p. S(i3, [J, MJ 

Ttejoice and be glad, tlie Eedeemer 
Jiaa eoififi. HI JJonnr. [J'rai'« o/ 1 Je*!t«.] 
Written for I. D. Snntey'B Sacred Stmgs niifi 

Hulot, circa 1&75, Fmm that eollMtion it lull 
pained into a huge number of Sunday ^luwl 
tlymu-boofce, nnd others. [J. J.] 

Eejoioe, rejoice, so fallen raoe. C. 
Weaky. [WhittwtUde!] Pub. in J/tfj. and 
Sue. Foemi. 1712, p. 1G5, in 12 at. of i 1,, ftnd 
henult'd " Hymn for the Day of Pentecost." 
(P. TFoifcs, ii. p- 227.) Ths folhjwing cantos 
arc iu part, or iu full from this hymn ; — 

1. fhir Jetui J> jooj> up en aij h, Composed of Bt. 



li.-l*. in tie Terlsed rf. of tin nVe. //. Jft., l«rs. 

S. J^ord, ve l>flli4v« to im and cum. CaiDposed of st. 
V., vJ1,-ls. p ji., and given re a. Uymn fur £mbEr Day A 
In Ktltf.t't tft. Walter £ S. Bk., Oifonl hl„ 1WH, 

3. (Suae, Holy Spirit, taJce out iimji!. Tils wutu la 
compnaed of St. i.-tll. from H, C. Dritksnl)UTv a Sue 



KKHUM CHEATOH OMNIUM S55 

J'osMa it-JIife.i 1703: and the Test fnmi fhia hynrn t»T 
fj, WeBley, It «n Riven In this Jonn III the 1T«i if, 
iffr., 1BJ0, Imt quilled in lists, [J. JJ 

Eejoiea, the Lord ia Xing, C Ws»f«f. 
[iaiCei- dr jivegujun.] This ia No. viii. of 10 
hymns yriutcd in 174C bb //((«. /w (W ioHF» 
jferoFi-ectHJii. It is in. tj st. of 6 ]. It liad! 
pruviuuely apputrcd in J. Wesley's Ifoypl 
and Sacred J'wnw^, 17li. (J*. Works, iv. p. 
U0.) It has been included, tithcr in ful) 01 
in pjrt, in most liyinn-booka of tiny moment 
from WhitqfMtft, in 175&^ to Thtivg\ in 
ltSS3, with tlie result that it is in exten&ive 
«*j in till EtiglisJi-Hpcaliiag eountrke. Curi* 
ou»ty cnouxli, however, it was not given in 
Ihu Wet, H, Bh. until th* revised ed. of 
lSTJi. A reiito for liai-vcet beginning with 
the first stanza ia foiiiwi in awne Unitorian 
hyaiu-boolis butli old and new, including 
Ellen Couitunld'u J't., IIyt- a*id Atfkew, 
I860. It is in S st., the ftialetauzaand 11.5,6, 
of each of the otlicra heing from this hymn, 
whilst llio real are by Juhu Taylor In Enilcld'i 
Norwich &i. of Hi/a., 17i)5. [See Tijlor, JoJin,] 
In E. Biiijjharu'n Hiftmut, Christ. Latim, 1871, 
e(. i, ii,, iv., vi, slighlly altered, arc rendered 
into Latin as, " Hex eet Dominus 1 Laitanlea." 

CJ. J.] 

Rejolou to-day with, one accord. Sir 
IF. W, Baker. [UeaeTttl ITHHifrejmBa-.] Ckin- 
tTibutid to the Isted. of II. A. & jtf., 18Gl,nnd 
wmtiimwl in the revised eil. of lti75. It is 
elso I'trx'tiU'd in (i largo imirft>et of hytun- 
boota both nt I101110 imLl ubioad. It is justly 
regarded n.s a good example of (he author^ 
jubilnnt atjlc, [J, J,] 

Heligion is tha thisf conoera. J. 

Ftticcetl. [rare Iteliglou rfwiftrf,] Pub, in 
his Hyitutt, Jte., 1782, No. 68, ia 8 st. of 4 I, 
and enMUed " Tim Nutiuxj and Necessity of 
inward Religion," It is in Q U. in an ab- 
breviated fenn, nndei tlie original opening 
lino, and nl6u as, "O may my heart, by grnoe 
ruDOw'd," [J. J.] 

Kemark, my bouIj the narrow 
bounda. P. Thddrittge. [Nets Year.] 1st 
pub. in J. Orton'e i«j6tlium.™s ed. oE his 
Htfmni, &e., 17&5, No, S2, in & bL of i 1., and 
again in J. D. Huimiiliieya'a ed. of tlto same, 
1#39, No. 6r>. In e:icli enso it ia headed 
" Hehectinus on onr voatc ef Toars, Paal. ic, 
0, Fur New Year's Dny." It Ls in C TJ, in 
ike following forma: — 

1, Remark, my bouI, th« Llnnw knmdi. Tlie ori- 
jjlndt funn Jn b*v«*| coIImHuih botli ula *iwl neiv, 

3, Et>nwkTltln,wttJi£imtTOT bound t, InStomelVa 
Wsncheste: if. & Ifyi,-, im and WT. St, 

3, I'hold, my iwil, Uu Mtroir boimdi, ]!, W. 
Fcediir^ Ptt/M'itilh Oil.. 18S5. [J, J.] 

Eeproacheg, IThe, [PoptJ* mu ( iii fwi 

tibi.] 

Eerum Creator omnium. C. OpJIw. 
[jSafafviiN,] AppearcJ in tbo fnrfs ^rccforj, 
I73C : and ftgain 111 CofHn'e Hymni Saeri, 1730, 
p. 30. It is also in J. Chandler's Hyt. of Uu 
PrivHitiiK Church, 1837, and Osrd. Newrnan'a 
HymHi Eccl., 183S and 1865. Tr. as :— 

1. Ctoatot 1 of numkiuoV. By J. ChatidloT, in his 
H>)s. 6/ the Prim. Cfrnvh, 1337, p. '-iO. It is in 
thh funn in a fen coll oft iotis 5 nnd alan nt, "0 
Sflviour of :in anli in J," iu Keimcdy, I8d3. 

1. 1*Sj*i ^r bU tidnffi, aid tar h*nd«. Dy I. 



&56 BEBUM CBEATOB OPTUWE 

Williams, to bte Htji. tr, from the P^ritiaa. Bre- 
viary, 183 Q , p. 39. Giren ill a few collections 
without alterations; and, in athura, including 
the Sarurrt, 18S8, sod the ^ntnar^, 1ST?, «% 
"Creator of the world, do Thou," 

Qtfvr tn, an ;_ 

i. Tbon by Waom the worlds were mud*. <^ 0, 
PSom^nr. 1917. 

3. Hater of all, vouchsafe to Llesj. A 7. Aforpan. 
IBM. [J. J.] 

Serum Crovbof Optima, $L Grrgory 
the Great t [Wednesday Morning.'] Mone, 
No. 27$, gives this as prohabty "by St. Gregory 
(it is not assigned to aim by the Benedictine 
editors), and at i. p. 372, cites it a a in an Sth 
cent ms. at Trier. JAmt^ givea the text at i. f 
No. 44 ; and at iv. p. 37, cites it on in a Khei- 
nau mb. of the l<Mn cent., and ranks it as a 
hymn of the 7th or 8th cent. Among the 
British Museum ktss. it ia found in three 11th 
oent ffymnarfes of the English Church (Veep, 
D. xii. 1 17 fc; Jul. A. Ti. ?. M : Hart. 2961 f. 
2226); in an 11th cent, Muzatabic flVrttso- 
rtam (Add. 3085t f. 178); an Uth cent, Mosa- 
ralie vBiw*o»v (Add. 30848 f. 7G), &c. It is 
in nn 1 tlh cent. MS. at Corpus Chriati, Cam- 
bridge (391, page 234) : in three MSK. of tlie 
11th cent, at St. Gall, Nofi. 337, 413, 411 : and 
ia the Lot. Ilyt. of the Anglo-Saxon GhwTsk 
(Suttee* Society), 1851, it printed from an 
11th cent. He. at Urn-ham (B. in. 82 f. 7). It it 
included in the Roman {Venice, 1478, and the 
revision of 1632), Sarum, York, Aberdeen, 
Paris of lfiiiS, and other Breviaries ; uniformly 
for Wednesday at Tfoctums or at Matins. 
The text is also in Warftenuigd, i., No. 92 ; 
ffyniimrium Sorisb., 1851, p. 49; JC&niijtfdd, 
i. p. ly; Card. Newman's Sjfiwif .EiwiesiVK, 
1838 and 1865; and G. H, Dreves's Pym- 
BariKH jUafrs&icwnifc, 1883, horn, a 10th cent 
M». Tr, m ;— 

1. O Creatoar, must benigne, arum frbHcr, ISit. 

2. Uod, Whose power did ill create. Frmcr, 1104. 

3. Dread Maker of ffbate'er ire <«. T. Doublcd&Y'e 
Jtymnorium .jff^ifcanvm, 1&4S. 

a. Creator, ever good end kind. IT. J. Oapdani. 14(4. 
A. blest Cnslor of the world. E. CSfiOflB, 1841. 
«. Creator, Lord of ill. A Omytteil, IMfl, 
7. Creator or ail worlds, loolc down. J. A Chamber?, 
1*M. In 1*47 It reads: "Creator of the world, look 



*. 'WhiDiatotHM, unit *>ot control, Card. jVfummn, 
1838, 

«. great CraalOr of the orb. J. HailcW. lff?t 
Id. L«t us keep steadiest gaara. American Meth. 
Xplsco. /TJHJH, 1H7B. 
11. Maker of ill things, (tod of l/)ve. flVnner. ibbi. 

[J. M.1 

Bernm. Bens tana>x vigor. St. Amr 
brote? [The Ninth Hour.'] Thw hymn u 
given Dy Biraglii as one of the Inni tinteri e 
Carmi di Stmt' Ambropio, 1962; but it ia not 
one of the twelTe received aa gennine hr the 
Benedictine editor* of Bt, Ambrose. Samel 
gives the test at i^ No. 42, and at iv. p. 4ft, 
cites it as in a Rbeinan us, of the lOUi cent 
and ninki it da a iiymh of the 7th Or 6th Ocnt. 
None, i. p. 372, cites it as in hbb. of the 6th. 
cent, at Diimatadfc and Trier; nnd DionKUffus, 
f[. 418, ad in a Vatican 113. of the 8th cent 
It ia found in thrun Uth cent. Hymitartes of 
the English Chnrch now in the British 
Mueemn (Veap. D. xil. f. 9; Jul A. vi. f. 22; 
Hart. 2961 f. 2J0): In an 11th cent bs, at 
Qoipna Uhrisfi, Cambridge (391, page 230); 
In the St. Gall ma. No. 413, of the 11th oent ; 
ami in the Lai. Ifyn. of die Anglo-Saxon 



BEBTBf BBUS TBNAX V1GOB 

Church (Bortees Boc), 1851, it is printed from 
an 1 lth cent. us. at Duriinm (B. Hi, 32 f, 4 b), 
It is included In the Soman (Venice, 1478, 
and the reruhm of 1632), Santm, York, Afar* 
<fo«t» Pari* of 1643, and other Breviariet, 
nniformly for Mone. The teit is also in 
WaeJctrttaget, L, Wo. 8; JTrowtartmn Sirftb., 
1851, p. 41 : KSHigifeW, ij. p. 24 f Card. Nst- 
man's Hyvmi Eccfaiae, 1838 and 186i 

[J. M,] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Oct, va«buf*altla aid tru*. By Curd. 
Ha*mafl, ia IHwh /or rte JVmss, 1836, No. 75, 
p. 72, and hi« 1-Vscj, &e n 1B5S and 1868. In 
Thring's Gs,;. 18S3, 

t, Alnjjhty God, Tbj rhiont abort. By J. 
Chandler, Id his Hys. of the Fran. 04nrcA, 1837, 
p. 7. Repeated ia the Ifytnsary, 1872, and 
other collectiont. 

I Oad, af »n Bw Stnjnith *»4 8t«f, By W, J. 
Copaland, in his Hyz. for the Wwi, itc, 1848: 
tht ffirittjafy //. JJ.i, 1857, &fc 

*. Hon, true lilt »f all that Uw. By L Oaa- 
wall, in his i^rtu CathoHnf, 184S, p. 12 ; and 
hie Hys. and /Vwaw, 1873, p. 8. It was re» 
peated, with ulterations, In Murtay's JfyitvMl) 
185J; and, again, la later colkctiom, nsunlly 
without any change. 

t. 4 Ood, srutltrj'i aunt Tone. By J. If. 
Neale, ia the Hymnal A'., 1852, No. 7, and Inter 
editions of tht ^int. 

6. Ood, of all the atronjtli and Staj. By J. D. 
Chaimberf, in hi* Psalter, ^e,, 1852, f. 1++, and 
his iofcia Syox, 18o7, p. 36. ThU i» the most 
popular of the tra. of this hymn, ami ia fomirj in 
seTeral hymn-books, including the Parish H. Bit,, 
1863 ; People'ell., 188T; Sarvm, 1868 ; Thring's 
(kilt., 1882, &c 

7. Ood, of all O* atnacth vl Ptwst. This 
tr. was given in A A. $ M. f 1 651. In the Index 
of the revised 1 ad. 1S7&, it is said to be by u [lev. 
J. M. Ncale, n.»., and compilers; tttta the Latin." 
The rendering, however, is much nearer those of 
Casoalt and Chambers than that of Nettle. It U 
in a ii raited number of hymn-books. 

8. Btrtnftb, aad Stay, mphaldlaj all ortaUon. 
This popnhtf if. npreni'«d in the S, P. C. K, Church 
Hi/nuts, 1B71, and is by J, Ellerton and F. J. X. 
Hart. It ia repeated in several collect iona. In 
//. A. $ M., 1875, and Thring's Coll., 1S82, it is 
jivun with the addition of adoiology, by Mr. Ei- 
lerton. This tr. bids fair to supersede that by Mr, 
Chambers in popularity. Its metre is greatly in 
its favour. It \i in Mr. Ellertrm's Hymns, 1888. 

S. <M*, th* lisht of all thai On. This cento, 
in J. A, Johnston's English Hyl., 18£4, and the 
Americnu Snags for the Sanctuary, 1885, U thus 
composed : ets. i., ii. t Cvswall; it. iif., Cnrd. 

TtMslaUons ut ta 0> lr, :-^ 

I. God. tbe EnergT ftf things. Primer, l?OB. 

8. Nature's Uod, All-nil Injt Power. J?p. Jf. Muni, 14JT. 

3, Tbon of the universe Uib fltaf. J. Doablrfiy'e 
Ugnnariim Artg IwafHiH. 1S14. 

1. Oreat God, o'et itl Iblngs f v«r reigning. Jip. /. 
Williams. IMS. 

I. StT«ng(li of the everlasting bills. JT. Ctnapfclf. 
1SJS4. 

e. Thou God of all. unmoved and Strang. W. /. jSJmt 

JBSJ-55, 

7. God uflwtTtn snd earth, Wbon Might. H. Btmar. 
Bgi. rf >U«a wd, m$t. 13«. 

B. Ood, th 1 endnrlTiB Might of ibtmp. J. KbIiK 
Miiviti, Pvtvii. ISM. 

t. Creator, «luiee slnilahtT power. J. ITWSito*, U7*. 

[J.J-] 



REST FBOM THY LABOUR, BEST 

Bant D»m thy labour, rest. </> Jftwf- 
mswrji. [D«t(l ™* Burial of a Minister^ 
Montgomery was received into the Moravian 
communion an a member of that Society by 
the Rer. Christian Bumftler. Mr. Hamftler 
died at Bristol on Oct &5, 1682. In tbe letter 
whivh conveyed to him the s&d intelligence, 
Montgomery was requested to write a suit- 
able hymn for the approaching Loveteast at 
Bristol. The response was this hymn, which 
Vlli first sung in public at Bristol (Sitmcirt, 
t. 6tt). It wa& Included in Montgomery's 
Original Bj*, 1353, Mo. 307, in 6 st, of 4 1., 
aadheaded " On the death of a Minister." On 
Jan. 22, 1851, Montgomery wrote a bymn on tbe 
death of the Ber. Dr. Sutton, Vicar of Sheffield, 
wbich be^en with the sane opening sterna. 
This hymn U not id the Original By*., dot in 
C. U. Tho original is in a large number of 
hymn-booha. In 1846 at. ili.-T. were Riven in 
Dr. Alexander's Augustine S. Bk., Nil. 494, 
and have been repeated in several later collec- 
tions a* " Lord Christ, into Thy hands." The 
early date of this cento suggests that the 
hymn was published before it appeared in the 
Original Bw., 1853, and possibly in a maga- 
line, but it has not been traced to any wort of 
the land. [J. J.] 

Best iu the Lord ; from harpB above. 
Bp. E. H. Biekcnteth. \Bvly Matrimony.) 
Bp, Bickorsteth BAJ8 in his Notes to his It, 
Compt 1874, that " This hymn was written by 
the Editor for this hymnal, and is especially 
designed to follow tbe air finm Mendelssohn's 
Elijah, ' Beat in the Lord.* which is so often 
played at the solemnization oF holy matri- 
mony.'* In ndditiori to the It. Coup, this 
hymn appeared in Bp. Biekersteth's The Too 
Brothers, Ac, 1871, p. 242, and in several 
hymndjooka. [J. J.] 

Best, weary heart [soul]; Tha 
penalty is home, the ransom paid. 
/«** Borihfritk. [Pattiontkk.'} Pub, in her 
Thought* for Thoughtful Hour*, 185&, p. 83, in 
4 it. of 7 1 It has passed into several collec- 
tions, and sanietirnea ua " Best weary sou! : 
The penalty," &o. It is a beautiful hymn, 
but better adapted for private devotion than 
for public -warship- [J. J,] 

Restore, O Father, to oar times re- 
store. Mario. Popple. \GhritUart Plaity 
ifcttrfti,] Contributed to Beard's Unitarian 
CoU, of Jlyt,, 1887, No, 304, in fist, of 4 l„atid 
entitled "Christian Unity." It id atoned 
" Miriam.*' It has passed into a few collec- 
tions in Q. Britain and America, [J. JJ 

Retire, vain, world, awhile retire. 
[Boon flfi***ost.J This it found in the 1828- 
1329 ed. of the American ( Old Presbyte- 
rian) F*. * Hyt. . ..of the Prob. Churth, in 
1 A. of * J., and again in later collections. In 
meat eases it is Attributed to I. Watt*, but we 
have failed to trace it to any of his works. 
Two oentoa therefrom are also In 0- U-, both 
beginning wlthst. ii., '* Blest Jesu, come Thou 
Kutly down." The first is in the Presby. 
P*. & By*, for the ffortfiip of God, Richmond, 
U, S. A., 1807, composed of st ii., It.-tL : and 
the second, in Hatnold's Chttrck B. Bk^ N. Y., 
1872, compoeed of At. it., ill., 71., rii It is 
usually given for Revival Services and Prayer 
Meetings, [J, Jj 



BEX AETEBNE DOMDM! 957 

! Return, O wanderer, return. IF. B. 
'■ Coilytr, [Call to Jfepentaree*,] Appeared in 
' the EsangeUeal JoWvtne, May 1806, and in 
bis Bpmnt, &■.., 18U, No. 928, in 6 st. of 4 I., 
and headed * The Backslider." It fe in use 
in its original form ; as " Eeturnj my wanders 
ing sou], return And seek an injured," 4<\, 
in the Philadelphia Bap, B. A 'PaseBia, 1871 : 
and as " Wanderer from God, return, return," 
in a, few of the American collections. [J. J.] 

Reoaner, Adam* fE*i«atr, A.] 

Reusner, ChrletOJih, was a bookseller 
and bookbinder in Stockholm, and vn» pro- 
bably born there, but dato of birth is unknown. 
In 1675 lie printed, and seems also to have 
edited, a collection of hymns for b;e German 
congregation at gto&hollll, entitled Gottteiigo 
Hate- tmd Kireken-AndaeM, iu Ditmtl tier 
Gtmeiae dtr ^tsutichen AtreJi* i» Slaakhobm, 
This work contAies a number of hynuu signed 
"E," which hare been ascribed to Betumer, 
By otliers this " B " hns been taken to mean 
Btgina, i.e. the Queen of Sweden [Ulrike 
Eleonoro, dau. of King Frederick in. of I>en- 
mnrk, b. at Copenhagen, Sept, 11, 1696; he- 
came Queen of Sweden by her marriage with 
Charles to, in 1680; d. at Carlberg, July 20, 
1693], but this ascription seems quite impro- 
bable. One of these hymns has pnssed into 
English, tiz. ; — 

But IA Hilda tla FranuUiat anf in Xnln. Cnu 
ancC GonioletioH. lit piqb. IflTi u tUnve. A copy ct 
tbla irnrk it Is tbe Ropl UbrwrM Stoctbolnt, ud In. 
0. E. KtaMttna, lie liburttn. ph tlsdlf islanud n» 
UMtiH hymn in giHtdon is No. 441, loi ii In ]3(t. ud 
•ipwd " B ," He idij* tlut la tbe ed. of if ai it has it 

A. ( tt it,, ill, IkIbc tMidontll. tod tlnat fp tbe (Mrt- 
littot IfaTiilnKK, atoctbolm, WMkUIT, less. It In* u 
«4. (xi.-xlT. being addllkiatl). As tie Gennui hymo- 
lnoke copied Ihum Stockholm, tier* 1* tbe a*ae virttty 
In Item, «^. lb* FnnUurt ed, 16JS, of ODajari 
Pnxil, No. HT, bu tb» la St. of 1«S ; whU« tba J^a 
(J, S., lJi* (JudfltAil-JliiiMu;), tlu IT aL of 10*1, mid 
» Id FrerUngbMiKn'» Jftm* AiiCnidLtt ffl. J., H14. 
Mo. 44a BunKn, In bla l^rwcA, 1S33, Ko.44i,lci1l&wi 
tbe ms, but unto st. 1U-, Tl. Tbe lr. In & II. I*i— 

An I a stranger ben, oa euth iltH, In full Iron 
JluHKH, by Mfea Wlnkwottb, in iter iyro dr., 1st 
Ser.. isu, p. ST. In her (?. * . far Sugtavd, leu. No. 
is, ih» tri. ot n. v., vll, *IU., i. *r» omltuJ. mil It ia 
jdvm ilurtd la ottt* *» " Am I on «4rth l km nud 
HmaiBB! MnafH." [J. M.] 

ReviT* Thy work, O XiOrd, Thy 
mighty arm make bain, J. Midkme. 
[Hotm MitrioKt,'] lift pub. in the British 
Motesger, OoL 1898, again in the ^mnjdjiTai 

B. Bk., 1860, and afain in a large number of 
hymnals in GK Britain ^ and Anterica. The 
original text is usually given, with tbe change 
of at. v. L 2, "Give penteoostal ahowenC to 
"And mvt refrtthittfl showers," as in the B. 
Corns., Ho. lm It is one of the moat popular 
of Mr. Hidlane's hymns. [J. J.j 

Rex uterne Domtne. [EoMertiit.] 
This hymn is certainly ancient, twine men- 
tioned m th* Bule of Autelianus of Aries 
fd. 635), and by the Venerable Bede (£. 735) 
in his V6 art* mtttita. It is found in a vs. 
c. 700, in the British Museum (Veep. A. 
i. F. 153); in a tit. c 890, in the Bodleian 
(Jituiut 25 f. 1104); in an lith cent. Mom* 
raWe Breviary, in the British Muaeutn (Add, 
30848 f. 131 b) ; in a ms. of the Sth cent at 
SI. Gall, No. 2 : and in the lot. By*, of tin 
Anglo-Sawn. Chxatb (Suttees Society), 1351 



958 KEX ANGELC-BUM PBAEPOTEN3 

h printed from on Utb cent Ms, at Pmhara 
<B. iii.iS2f. 96). 

Tnewljiintl l*st lug It stanzigandtdoxolagj'. This 
form is In .Daniel, i., Ko. 94 (for nistiiul resscm Irat 
without *ny auinnrity DaxUl reads, Bex letenie); 
Wtafetrjiagel.i., Ko. K*; the J ">«itar(K>i*.Ki™:ij., iaol, 
p. 46 ; md In G. M. LtTtYeB'* mfrtUKJriuS Jttji'rtiWcnfif, 
lAftg, from x ISlli ccht. Mi. Jit tha older Kantcai 
Srewiarff (e.g. YenEc?, 14?S}, at, i.-vii, Trere. given as £ 

liymii tor W»tJn8 on Iiow linnoTajt At Uie ^vision «r 
1444 it m ulcered tu Sex wrapltenn Domijie, and ni 
Uie revision uf If 3S to In Htapltftmo MnUtun, Tlie 
teat «[ 1633 Opiiointod for Simony Matins. "Tempure 
E'lSchlU," I.e. during Eutertide), is In recent eda. of tbe 
ret bed /toman ffrst. ; (n itanrf!, i.. Ho. «a i nn<I Gird. 
Newman's SgBvui Ecsteiiae, 1834 and lJtSJ. fj. Jf .] 

This hymn bat been lr. as follows : — 
i Esi Mtsrue Domini. Of the full text there 
is dio O,, that by J. D. Chambers in his Ftafter, 
Ac, 1862, jx $0, •' O king Eternal, Lord of 
grace,'' ana in hie Lamia 8wm, 1857, altered 
to, "Eternal Monarch, Lord, of all." 

ii, B« senijiitofiin OtDJitUm. TllJB .Ifaffldn 

Eraetarji text in 6 at. hie been (r. thus : — 

1, Una, tin lumen's eternal King, By EL 
Caiwall, in his ijm GstSoifoi, 1849, p. 9G j and 
his Hys. and Poamt, 1873, p. 54. la a full or 
in nn nbbToviated form it has passed Into Several 
hymnnls. 

t. Christ, the buna's tt*»il Zfti E . By the 
Compilen of J7, J, ^ JM",, 1381, " based on former 
translatioiu." It was repeated in Artwictfy, 1863. 

1, 2tmuil Rlnx, <rf heaven, Wume wort. By G. 
Moultrie, in hit ^s. ami Lyriss, :e67, p. 125 j 
Mid thence iute the People's H., 18G7. 

TnwiUtiini nut in & D\ : — 

1. Eternal King, whoso enmj Kelpi, Primer, 1704. 

a. Thou, Mfbom tbelr M*W beeren mid eHlb, .Ep, 
B. Jfim(, 1637. 

i. Of he«.v«n'S bigb best, sterns! Lord W, J. Ccjt- 
land, lets. 
4. £leintt King of ill the spheres. /. WjHjhmv 1871, 

ilL duL putar utumni frefw. This, begin- 
idng with st. t. of tbe JSonton JJres. text, ift lr. 
by W. J, Biew, In Iiib f>«™A JT. ond JtttH 
j3fc, 1852-5, us " Sbepbeid of life, Whq dost 
Thy flock." [J, J,} 

Bees angelorum pr«apot«is. [Pat- 
titniiide."\ Thia ia found in n. us. of tho I lth 
cent, in tbs Dri^ili MuBeum (Hail. B961 f, 
239). Itowief, i., No. 21i, gives at. i. only at 
n-hymii ■'on tbe Invention or Emltation of 
the Chms-'' 3V. a*: — 

Enf of Anfela ! lord of pomor. By J. P. 
Chambers, in hut Psalhr, if<r., 1352, p. 85, and 
tlttroi to " O King, by nngtl-hosts ob*yeJ," 
:a his Lauds Sgon, 1857, p, 147, ia 5 st. of 
4 I. In tho JuriaS IL Bk., 1863 and 1B75, nnJ 
in Chope's Hyjiami, 18C4, it is given, with altera- 
tions *n<i th* omission of fit, ii,, at, " King of 
aCLjela, Lord of graoe." [J. M,] 

Bex Ohrlete, fk*tor omnium, 81. 
Grygoiy tfie Grfifi*. {PetssieBfide.} Thia 1e 
oub of tbe eight hymus accepted in the Bene- 
dictine ed. of GTegory'a Opera (PariB f 1705. 
vol, Hi, coi, STO), os lug gyimitie productioiu. 
It is found in & us of tiio 11th cfnt. in the 
Britiah Museum (Hull. 2061 f. 240}; in a MS, 
of tbe 12tll cent, in the Bodleian {Liturg. 
Misfe 237 f. 30&) ; in three mss. of the lltli 
cent, at SI. Gall (Nob. 3S7, 818, 814), mid 
others. Ia iDediseval times it was often used 
nt tha Tenobrae serrtce on Good Friday, but 
docs not seem to have been received into tbe 
more important Bretittrtex. It long survived 
in its original form in the Lutheran Chnrch, 



BEX OMNIPOTENS DIE 

and \» e.g. in the Dresden 6>, B., 1748, p. 091, 
»3 one of " CertMu Latin hyiuus as tlieyare 
snn^ fjflin time tv timo ni weclt-dfty serinons 
iu the Holy Cross Church, at the beginning 
of Divine sferviflv," Tlio teit is found in 
Dnniel t i.. No. 151; BSsttcr, No. BS; Kdnigi- 
feld, 1. p. 72, and others. Tt. ua :— 

Q Gkoat,* out Kins, OniUr, Lord, iiw Jlay 
Pjdjnev, in th« Andovw fijMufA //. Bit.,' la&S, 
N M . 33fl. 

Otlui tn, an : — 

1. Ctirltf. o«r Itliiji \Vhu ill Imst nisJe. U", 7. 
ftpctoini. 1SJ8. 

!. O Clirlet oor lilug, liy Wht™ "n'ere framed, J. i». 
tfftom&H-r, less nun issl, 

3. Tin™ Kirg imujEted, nt iviitme irord. Kev, James 
Ingtle, N, Tgrk, lata, in Schoff n CArfit iu Sjnj?. 1«H5, 

4. Tlwi by Wbom tbe KorWa ivem mailt it, r. 
iforfiin, iseo. [J. M,] 

Bax glorioeo martyrnm. [Caainum of 
Jfcrfyrs.] Ptebably of tlie CUi cent. Iii- 
clndsii in the Bern us- 455 of tho IQth cent. ; 
in ft Mi of tbe 11th cent, at Corpus Chrkti 
College, Cambridge (891, p. 273} ; and 111 four 
MSB. of the 11th cent, in tbe British Museum 
(Vesp. D. lii. f. 106; Jul. A. vi. f. C4 6; HarL 
29GI f. 21S; Add. 30851 f. 152 o); and in tho 
Lat. Hyt, of the Anglo-Saxon Citnrch, 1S51, is 
printed from An 11th cult. sis. lit Durham 
(B. iii. 33 f, 38 b) t Also in nu 11th cent, 
MS. at St. Gall, No. 411 ; and in the Bamtai, 
Sarnt'i, York, Al^fd^li, and ether Ureviaries. 
The printed text is nlso in Mono, No. 732 ; 
Daniel, i„ No. 2S7, and it. p. 133 ; Corf, New- 
niQ.n T s Hymni Ecdtfiae, 13SS aud 1865; G, M. 
DroTes's HymnaruiB Maisiiacentit, 1888, from 
a. 10th cent M6., &o. [J, M-] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Thou, tbt Hiltjl 1 ! gluAnu EJnf Of OoA. 
faun*, ■»■ By E. Cnsmall, ia his Lyra Catlitf 
tico, 1849, p. 214 ; and his V/^s. and I'aems, 
1873, p. llj. Ia a few collections only. 

1. Gluteal lint of TDtrtjrm. By T. I, Bali, in 
the 1S<JE> Appendix to tho JZt/tnnai N. 

t. tftticia King tf nuixtyr lioMa. By R. F, 
Littkdale, iu the I*eeple\a II., 18lr7, umlcr tha 
signature of "B. T. " : nnj, a^sin, in tlie Hipimcr, 
1382. 

Troulatiaiia not in O. IT, : — 

1, O King of Jffirllra etorluiifl, -Ti-fmer, loOU 

2, Tbuu tho Mirtin Blu[i*u« liinjf, 'I'ht CruWn?, 
fee. fffuifir, ISIS. 

3, Dilghl King of Mtrljis and tlie Crown, /'rintftrj 

1BBE. 

s. 0O.Tlst,UiTirtTtyr9'Klc.rlinMKInf. /Mnur, itDi. 

b. Glarlooft King of martyrti Tlnsn. Jf, t'imjAdi, 
ISM. 

B, O almieus King of martyrs. W, ,f. Blttu, lflsi-ss, 

f , All glorkio^ King of martyra Tbon. J", JJ, CAohw 
oers 1SS4, 

«, Jen*, Uie glcn-lec* marljTu 1 Sintf. J. Wallott, 

1*1*. [J, J,] 

Bex omnlpatana die hodleraa. Her* 
mtinnua Contractually, T/iscwitMwJ This is 
fouud in A MB. in the Bodleian (Bodl. 775 f. 
145), written c, 1000, as a Sojumee "on the 
Ascension of tho Lord," and in another ns., 
in the Entno Library, of circa 1070 (J&once, 
222, f. 101) : in a Winchester hook o( the 
nth cent, now in Corpus Christ! Coilcgo, 
Cambridge (No. 479); m a MS. of the 11th 
cent. (HarL 2W1 f. B54), and another of 
the Ilth or 13th cent. (Beg. 8 C. xiii. f. 22), 
both in the British Museum, &$, AmODj; 
Missal* it is found in nn eariy 14th cent. Pari* 
And a 14th cent. Sent in the Britieli Museum ; 



RHODES, BENJAMIN 

in a Sariwn, c 1370, a Hertford, e. 1370, ond 
u York, c. 1390, nil now in the Bodleian ; in 
the St Andrew'*, and various French MiuaU, 
its use being uniformly to* the Ascension, 
The printed text is ftlso in Nesle's Sejut-nfum, 
IBM, p. 58 ; IJoti&J, v. p. GO,, and Kdaretn, 
No. 11 ti (see also p, iff, ij-X IV, as; — 

1. LwAcfaU power and Alight, HuMid ndMuud, 
ftc. By C. S. Citlmte?. fn th e ihti «t or tie Sgnawf, 
Ho. au5, and In lila Wftrsrj /ftiwinu, is»5, 

S, To flu thnmo H* lift, victorious. By £. H, 
Flnpiptre, uuhU Sir and puK in tint fifmmry, 1873, Mo. 
S0&, In Its pbce of ilia slxret No. 1. 

C. 1), Fieama, in ibo Sun JftuoJ in fujlftb, leSB, 
ind bis jicousn&ji/roni it* San™ JKkoI, us}]. 

[J. M. ] 
Rhodes, Benjamin, b. at HcMxsiuugh, 
Yorkshire, in 17iS, was brought under the 
influence of religion by the preaching of 
George Wbitefleld in 17GG. He was the son 
of ft schoolmaster, and received the elements 
of a good education in his youth. He was for 
mnny years a Wesli-yon Minister, having been 
sent forlh to pTcoch by John Wesley. Ho d. 
at Margate Out. 13, ISIS, To Joseph Benson'a 
ffyt.for Children and Young Penan*, 1806, 
and his JfyNiiu far Gliildreit eeleeted ehiefy 
from the BK&Ticattons of the Htv. John ana 
CharUt Wetley, and Dr. Watt*, io., 1814 (an 
additional volume to the first, and sometimes 
hound up wiih it?, bo contributed so vow! 
hymns. Very few of these are now in 0. U. 
They include "'Children, your parents' ■will 
obey" (Tfiiiy towards Fareuis}, "Come, let us 
join our Qod to nrolse" (Fraiee), and "Tl:ou 
nliall not steal thy neighbour's right " (Agatnti 
Bttalina.) His Iwst known hymn is "My 
heart &nd -voice I raise " (The Kingdom of 
Chritl). It appeared as at. i. of his poem 
Mentak, 17S7, pt. ii. being "Jerusalem 
divine." Each part is in use as a sepnmt* 
hynrn. [J. J,J 

&hya, Morgan, a famous Walsh hynin- 
Writer of the last century. He published 
several collections of hymns under quaint 
titles. Going o ben JVefco or ssbuf yr ..iciffMtiil 
{A View of the land of promise from the top of 
Ml. Nebo). Frieyd Ytbrydal {The Spiritual 
Warfare), ^raid/tmnu jf Oredadyn, <S«. (The 
Groanlngs of the Believer), He d, in 1776, 
aud was Buried at Llanfynydd Church, in Cner- 
MMtlieMliiTO. [W, G, f.] 

RicJiards, aeo*e», born new Newport, 
Rhode Island, «™ 1735. For some yean he 
was Purser aud Chaplain in tbe United States 
Navy, and also taught a. school In Bciatoti. In 
L789 he betianie nu UniveiSalitt preacher, 
mluiatered at Fortamouth, New Haven, 
I79S-I809, mid from 1809 in Philadelphia 
whew, hia mtud hairing given wa.y under 
trouble, he d. by lila own hand, March 1(5, 
IS 1 6. With S. Lwie lie edited Uio TJni- 
Vtrtalitt Hymn JS*ofr, put), at Boston, 17fl2. 
This woa one of tlie earliest colleollons of 
that body. It contained i$ of Sicbards's 
liyoiii*, In 1801 be pub. A Ctff- of Ilyt., 
Ihjver, New Hampshire, wliioh coutniucd t> 
additional hymns tiy himself, and in 1803, 
also at Dover, a atwml *&, of tbe wrnw, 
greatly enkrgtd, with nnothcr 36 liymns. 

Of those t[,e following are in C LT. at the 
present time :~ 

1, {I Cbiiit, wont paKiou worii, TAc Gotpcl 



KICHTBE, CHKI9TIAK F. A59 

Ifasagt. This hymn appeared in tho Boston 
Coll., 1792, And is the bast of the siirfy Uni* 
versalist hymns. In the Anucvai' &iibniA jf. 
Bi., 1SS6, it is jlv«n as " 8&vi<w t what ^t^iom 
words." In thU form and also in the ori^iQa), 
it is found in Mvjral eollectiohB. 

I. Loaf u th* darkening «l*ni aibodt. fiuta - . 
This hymn in modam collections, as the J&1473 
a/ H* ^mflftdiry, 186 5, No. $&7, i( eoro posed 
tliui: st. i. and ii., 11. 1-4, sre fnim Rtehanls, 
and the rest of the hymn, S at. of S L. in all, \i 
nnouymcus. 

Additional liymns by Eichartls, from both 
tie Boston and the Dovvr collections, are in 
modern Univcraalist hymu-booloa. [F. M. B.] 

Eiebardeon, James, e. of the Hon. Jnnics 
Richardson, of Dcdiftm, Mhisaehueotts, was 
b. in that town May 25, 1S17, and graduated 
at Harvard College, 18S7. After being en- 
gaged, first as a clerk of the county courts^ and 
then in teaeliing, lie entered tlto Divinity 
School at Cambridge, where he graduated in 
theology in I84S. Subsequently lie was Uni- 
tarian Pastor at &outhington, Connecticut, and 
then of the Unitarian Suciety in Haverhill, 
MaBKM>usettB, Ill-healtU compelled him to 
retire from hiapEiHtoral work to Dedhnm, Dur- 
ing the war be joined himself to the Ito&pitals 
at Washington, where he d. Nov. 10, 19G3. Mr. 
nichardson was well known as sn Essayist, 
Poet, and Preacher. Two of his hymns, from 
Longfellow and Johnson's Booh of Hw., 1818, 
tore still in a U.i "From Zkm's iioly Mil 
there rose" (Om in Oaht), and "Hew glad 
the tone when summer's eon " {Sttmwry We 
are indebted to Putnam's Singt/n awl Songs of 
(he Liberal Fuith, Boston, U. S. A, 1S75, for 
these details, [J. J,] 

Biefiter, Anne, n6e Bigby, was the 
third daughter of the Ber, Hobert Bigby, 
Tienr of &t, Mary's, Beverley, Yorkshire, 
from 1791 to 1833, and roamed the Be v. 
W. H. Eioliter, sometinie Chaplain of Ibo 
CounEy Gaol at Kirlon Lindsey, LineolTi- 
shire, and then Rector of 5), Paul's, Lincoln. 
Mrs. Eiohter d. at 25 Minster Ifmrd, Lincoln, 
in 18J7. 8he con tri hated to Yaiioua magn- 
zinos, and pub. The Nun a»A Other Paemt, 
Hull, 1841. Her intimate literary acquaint- 
ances included Mrs, Hcnians. Mrs. Biohter 
was descended from the celobituted John 
Bradshaw, whose name is the first iu the .list of 
the signatures on tl:a death warrant of Charles i. 
Her hymn, " We have not setn Thy footsteps 
tread, in its altered form as " We saw Thee 
not when Thou didst come," is widely used iq 
Or. Britain and America. [J. J.] 

Kic&ter, Chriatlan Friedrloh, s. of 

Slgismnnd Eichter, Hath and Chancellor to 
Count von PrOmnlta &t Sorau, in Branden- 
burg, was bom at Poiau, Oct. o, 167E. At 
tlto University of Hallo he was first a student 
of medicine aud then of theology. In 1098, 
A. 11. Francke appointed him Inspector of tho 
Paeda^ogiuu), uud then made Min, m 1099, 
physician in gcnoral to all bis Institutions. 
In company with his younger brother, Dr, 
Christian Sigismund Bidder, he made many 
dwictcal experiments, for whick he prepared 
himself hy special prayer: and invented mnny ' 
componnds which conic into extensive use 



960 BICHTEB, CHRISTIAN F. 

under the name of the " Halle Medietas," 
th* moat fame™ being the fitttntui dulcit, 
which was a preparation of gold. He cL at 
Halle, Oat. 5, 1711 (Koch, iv. 3H, 4c). 

RkliMr "ran one of the mht important hymn-v-riier* 
among the rletlsts of the earlier Halle stbooLt end his 
hymus pamss the defects (is well ae the eicellencea at 
his acliool. They are emotional, and develop the Idea 
af tlie *plrttusl union with Christ as the Bridegroom of 
the soul, with a minuteness that is hardly reverent (e.g. 
No. xi. below). They are also freqnently Dot clearly 
thought out, end consequentLy bomewbat oheonre, 
Vuhjnaerthcni are la nnnsnal metres, end were wed- 
ded lo tunes not Tery devotional In character. Apart 
from thew defects thenars Tarionsof his hymns ivor iny 
of net* far their genuine, fervent piety, their cbildllte 
spirit of lore to Bod, and the depth of Christian experi- 
ence embodied In them. They appeared principally In 
the varl«ue Pirtfwlc hymn-hooka of the period, egpeci- 
*lly In Freyllngbausen * (l. a., 1T04 and 1114, end were 
collected and npbenoVd (as hi* fte'Mtfcta Litdti} to en 
«*ay edited liy Els brother ( namod above) and pnb, at 
HaLe, in 17 IB, as frOOsiicfte fflfrncttrjpfSN num. Ur- 
tjirting nutd 4jW n>r &EFcn, 

Two of Kibbler's hymns are noted separately 
— see p. 85*. i. and p. Ill, 1. TUo other* which 
have parsed into English ore ; — 

[. Octt luiiliili Ideba twoe. Jir tie Sici. 
Included in Freyliiighuusen'a JVtfturj jKrsJ!T«jVs 
6. B., 1714, No. G47, in 7 sL of 8 1., repeated, 
1716, as shove, p. 4201, en titled, "Hymn in Sick- 
ness." Accord i 115 to Khm.inn, in hts ed, af ffcijf- 
/r!(rf H 4r'ipri(J, IBM, p, jii. (see J- 81, U-), it had 
previously nppeared in Arnold's HcUs/uner Bath 
\%nd Uatwicht fur JTmnt? >W Sfwicntfe, and 
ed., 1709. It is in the Vnv. L. S., 1851, No. 
603. TV. as j^. 

Gad I whim I u lore June known. A fall find 
very good ft. by Miss Winkworth, in her Z^ra 
Ct-r., 1st Ser., 1835, p. 238. Repented, eihrldged, 
in I*. Rehfuess's i'Aw^A <tf Ssb, 1863, p. 53. A 
cento, in 5 at. of 4 1., taken from it, t., vi,, iii,, 
and beginning, " Let my soul beneath her load," 
is No. 398, in the Unitarian IIijs. af the Spirit, 
BoitoD, U. S. A., 1864. 

An rtht r tr> la : " O Cod. ^Vliose >ttrlbulat Bhina ftnh 
Jn t«rn." By J*i« OW. 1654. p. 191. 

il. Heine Amntn matht mien fchmiei. Suppii- 
ctttion, or longing f" r Christ. In Fiayiine- 
hanaan's G. R, 170i, k*0. QQ2, in 7 *L of Si. 
Repantad, 17 IS, as nlmve, p. 391, and in the 
Him. L. S,, 1651, No. 7$&, Tr, U:— 

Unto Him my apiit eiietk. A good (/■. of st. i^ 
ii., vL, by A. T. KuasbII, in hia jp». $ Hys. y 18lj1, 

iii. SUIuM Lwnm uad Ttft4*frfi*t. i'jKfltiJiintt™. 
A hymn on the Following of Christ the Lamb 
of Qod, and founded on Rev. xiv. 4. In Ftey- 
linghnutea'a A'tuet gtiitrcicfos G. B^ 1714, No. 
432, in 8 it. of 5 L Repeated in 1718, ax above, 
p. 304, «nlitled, "On tile Unttit Agneti, which 
may be derived from Agnus, which in German U 
called ii Lamh," In Burt's ff. B^ Bretlnu, 1T46, 
tfo. B21!. Tr. m :— 

Then Limb of <M, thsu Filiice of Fawe, A 
free tr., omittiap st. iii., vii., by J, Wesley, in 
his J's. fy UtJ s -\ Charlestutrd, 1738-7, pv 51, and 
ffift. & Sic. A*™*, 1T39 {J>. WwJt», 1868-72, 
i.,p. 12S), Inclnded in the Wet. H, Bi n 1780, 
Ho. 329 (1875, Ko. 338), and recently in the 
ife&, jf. Conn. If. M., 18fi3, Jlercer'i C. P. $ 
S. Bk., 1BJ7 and 1864, Halg Saty, 186°, the 
Amer. Meth. Epia. H, BL, 18*S, and others, 

Aiuthat tr. is : " Hbty Ijinih mi Piiaw of Peace." 
By S. Oaubold, as No. 3» in the ifcrHn'fllt F. Bk., 1 Ml 
(IBB6, Ho, «•>, 

Elxht «tli«m of bis hymns bare been O. 
into Bngliflll. Til :— 



BICHTEB, GKEQOBIUS 

iv. Di# wofte VewHonf, ii* UeUlebt Xiaft. WJtit- 
iuntiffc. to Freyllngligmnn's tr. A. 1104, M», KM, In 
« it.; and In 1115 >a above, p. 313. enUlled, "OftheJey 
In the Holy Ghost" Tr. as: " This Impqlae so gentle, 
Ibis Movement so sweet," a* Mo. 56 i, in pt. I., of the 
Mttraritm. IT. Hi., US*, 

t. E» (UbiHt far Ohriiten iawtnJigtai Loben. !TS« 
Z.(/eo/^6(tV In FtoylLntfhaiueb'a G. £.,17(14, No. All, 
Ihbib.; and In 17IH. is above, p. 396, entitled, " On the 
hidden lire of believers.'' Repeated in the lMt>. I., s., 
1B6I, No. 410. 11 is EirhtefS Jiral hymn, and nad 
[aye Ifocft, Till. 348> a great tamoiite nitli Dr. >'. 
Schlelermasber. It Is fuondi'd on Col. iii, 3. 4, and 
jLvee a plclnre of ulist Ibe Inner life &f a Christian 
should be: deecribed from Rlsht^ris own inrericnee. 
The if!, are : (11 " The Cbristiau's Life ln« ml rtUnbyf 
its hright splendour." Ae No. es». In lit. I. of the 
Jfoi-ation A J*., 17B1. (a; " All fair nlihin these 
children of the light." By ffrt. Orient, less, j>. -it. 

Tl. HUttr! wlri die Hinht dm Siznina. £,yming. 
A Unebymn, fur xaa wjeciully In Advent, and founded 
Oil laallh mi. 11. In IiSylinghaoun'S G, II., H04, No, 
t»», in 9 st.,' 1718, aa above, p. 401, and in the Fmr, 
L. S„ ISBI, Ho. 460, JV, sa: (l) "AVatchmsn ! Jn tie 
3Jight TuHitng," By K J, llatbail, 1JI3, p. 4S, (S)«l) 
\ratebnun, will the nlcbtof sin," By J/ic8 ittfl/iwjrf*, 
lets, p. 1. Repealed fi Mini Warner s JJm. of the C\. 
KUitcm-i, lass, Ibo Gilman-ScbeB ti*. <(f ifcl. fMti-y, 
jssl.&e. 

riL Jean, gib udr darn* FUUt. Sappl (cotton. A 
prayer tu Christ as ihe Grant Physician. In Freyllng- 
Musi'o's a. B. t I7W, Ho, )9, In T et,, el. vil. heinc 
enlitleil " Answer." in HIS, Hi above, p. *Q5, entilb4, 
"On latienoe." In UuTgll O, B„ Urenlan, ljitt, No, 
289. Tr. asj— " Jiiil gianl TllOU me Illy FulneH." 
Ill the Suppt. la Ga\ FtalnUHiy, ed. llui, IL it. 

Tin. Jean* i(t daa aohbaalt Llebt. Aoiw to ChritL 
On St, John ill. as. In FrtylinglimBeTi's O. S., H(H, 
Mo. W#, In a st, : and In 1T1«, te sbore. p, 3», mtitled, 
"On Ueaire toward* Grid and Chrlet." la the Berlin 
O. L. &, ed, 13*3, No. 909. JV. &&.— " Jeeue Is my 
light moat fsir," as Nil, SKI, in pt. 1. of the itaraitiin 
H. Bh„ ITS! (isee. No. isaj. 

ii, Vein Salorm dafn fnwidlioha B«(ienm, fsace 
(n iftlievins. A Sue hymn, (eaMrf on S*, Jolin 1, 14. 
In Frtylinghiusen a Iftua fftistrekha <7. B., lT14.No. 
Ill, la 11 st. In Ills, ae above, p. 416: and La the 
Cm. I., ft, 1851, N'i, 414. Tt. ssl-Vi) "lly Solomon 1 
thy hind vii\ gTV^dous Sceptre," ns No, 622, in pt, L, ef 
the Jfcrattfail ft Bt,, If SI. In l7ss, altered to "Jeans, 
my King, Thy kind and Bradena sceptre " ( Lafle, No. aei^L 
(a) "Jesus, my Kltw! Tliy mild and khid cootroL* 
By Tir.l*rtiiVierjier,*n Scbiffs JfiitB«t/ViiHul,ls4», &33J. 

x. D Liabs die dan Ebnusl hat leriafen, (AmCHOi. 
In Frtyllugbsused's Jfttitt ytittrttdut (I. B„ lilt, Wo. 
34, In 9 at, : sad hi 1713, as ibtiTe, p. 414, entitled, " On 
lie Incarnation of Ihe Son of God. In the Ptau. L, &, 
isti.No.es, iy.u.~"Oh! love that dLUhe heaven* 
read asunder." By Jtiu aanittffttn, itn, p. 3*. 

xL D *bi aalig ainl din Baelen. Jim. It Can'iL 
Founded on Ho«4 Ii. 13, ail, and Eph. v. 25. In Frey- 
linghansen's O. B., 1704, So. t IS, In 10 St. : and In Ills, 
as ahore, p. 39S, entitled, " On the high (Ugrdiy of ht- 
lierere." In Potju's &. s. t ed. isss,Ho. 4H. It wis 
(says Eoct.. viii. 4»T1 origlnitrf by a dream Richer had 
nbout I7AO. that in the lai-pllal at Hulle he -n-onld hod a 
truly Christ-like notil. After warrbing all H>e waria lie 
fomnd aa old nefclected parent tn a garret. Tslth vhom 
ha conversed, and wbom be found to be the ptraun ■« 
was seeking. Inspired by bet reletloiw of her inner 
experience, be embodied her thoughts In |h|» Bog hymn. 
Tr. ae : — ■■ O whit Joy for them Is stored." BJ Jlfrr. 
tenon, 1858, p, SB. [J. Iff,] 

Hlohter, Grajjoudiis, a. of firetjorJas 
Hicbter, then diacomui nt Ourllta, was b. at 
Goriita, Mnrch *, 1S9S. Ho studied nt the 
University af Leipzig, became in 1610 fourth 
matter in tho gymnasium at Gorlitz, was 
ordained ns diacoatlfi there in ICJil, nnd d. at 
Giirliti, Sept. 5, 10S8 (K, G- Dielmanii's 
Prieetettchaft f» rJ» . . . Oherlausitx, 1777, p. 
261 ; Blatter /Ur Hjumoibgie, 1S87, p. 71, *c, ; 
Ihe latter dating hia death Sept. 4). Two 
hymns ll&ve been ascribed to him, one of 
which has passed into English, vis. : — 

Steh doek, Beele, rteb. deeh atiHi, (xmfiimaiUm. 
This is a hymn on self examination and rennncdatiori of 
the Torli, and la founded on 1 Join II. 15-17, It ap» 
ptared la J>. Wdlfftr's ZnSijf Andachttn, MUmbufg, 



BlCKABDS, SAMUEL 

1148, ». SIS, In 1« ■!.. 4oUtlo4 " To thuoul that lonp 
after ia* world," and U alined Gregoilus ttichser. It 
hia eometlmes torn aacrlbwf to tie father [b. it Ovrl!«i t> 
Feb. 1, mm, pestorprimartus -there, led*, and d, tier* 
Aug- H, 1634. Se? tlM JJvrtpBimn, p. Hi, and O, F. 

Ottu'a Lotion ciHTlaiuiiiiehtr ikltriflttrttcr ML p. 

em, but J* Utfiro BroUblj by the Km. In numy kjmn- 
booka, » In the fn*. /,. :?., ldi I, Ho. Ml at. I v. 13 
omitted. The lr, in C. U. 1* !— 

Hot from «rti retire, my hurt. X rjood lr. of et.L, 
ix.-xll. by A. T. Russell, as No. 180 in Ma Pa. <& Bj/t., 
1851. [J. M.J 

Rickardft, Samuel, a. of Tltomas Riek- 
aids, was b. in 1796, nnd educated at Oriel 
College, Oxford, b.a. 1S17, h.a. 1320. Ho 
was tlie NewJigate Prizeman in I SI 5, ftutj 
took second class Classical Honours In 1817. 
From 1819 to 1S33 lie was a Fellow of liia Col- 
lege, and contemporary with Keble, Newman, 
oiid other men of note. He was Curate of 
Ulcombe in 1825, and became Rector of Stoiv- 
langtaft, Ely, in 1833, and d. Aug. 24, 1865. 
His published works included The Chrittiitli 
Householder, or Bosk of Family Prayer* ; A 
PariA Prayer-Book ; Short Sernumt, dtt. Hit 
fljtf. for Privet* Dotation for the SuMlays <hkj 
Sainte' Hay* throughout the Year, -were pub. 
in 1825 (Lend. HsvtEtads). Very few of 
thus hymns have corao into C.U. Tliat ten 
Chriittiuu Dora, "Though rude winds usher 
thee, sweet day," boa supplied two centos, 
one beginning with st. i. and the second with 
et ii., "Bright. is the day when Christ Waa 
born." Another hymn, For Halintm, "O 
God, from Whom ahine proceeds," is No. 1 175 
in Kennedy, IS S3. [J. J.] 

Klde on, ride oB fco. majesty. H. U. 
Mihmit, [Palm Sunday.'] Pub in Bp. Heber's 
pustbniuous Ih/mnt, oV>, 1837, p. 58, in 5 sL 
of 4 1, aid again in Milmnn's SeL of Pt. £ 
Ifyr., 1837, No. I., for Palm Sunday, The 
opening sfania, which reads : — 
" Bide on : ride on In majeaty ! 
Hart: ! til the tribes Hoaanna cry 1 
Thine humble least poranea bis mad, 
With palm* and seatter'd garments atrew'd," 

has tailed to bo acceptable to most editors. 
Mnrnay, in his Hymnal, 1852, endeavoured to 
soften down the tkird line by making it 
read;— 

" SaTjirar meek, purehe Thy road.™ 

This was adapted by H. A. & M. t and others. 
Ia 18S5 Mercer tried another change : — 

" lVith joyoua throng* pursue Thy road," 
but this has received but little attention. 
Several hymctala follow the example of Elliott' b 
Pt. dr By*., 1835, ruid omit St. i. Theaa in- 
eludo tho S, P. C K. Church llg*.. 1871. 
Onginaj] text in Book of PraUts, 1&6S-E7. 
Tbig hymn raolra with the beat of the author's 
lyrics, and ia the most popular hymn for Palm 
Sunday in the English language, [J, J.] 

Btiiffwaldtj BartholomKua (Bingwalt, 
Bina^ald), was b. Nov. 28, 1532, at Prankfiirt 
a. Oder. He was ordained in 1557, and wai 
pastor of two parishes before be settled in 
1566 as pastor of Lungfeld (or Langenfeld), 
near Sonneaborg, Br&ndenbur^. He was *till 
there in 1597, but seem* to ha^e d- there in 
1593, or at least not later than 1600. (Koeh, 
Ii. 182; Goedeke'a Qrundrift, vol. ii. 1886^ p. 
51SJ; Plotter fvr Pymmlogie, 18So,p.l09,*re.) 

Rinp?»3dt exerd«ed a conaldtnble Influence </a bit 
coatcmpottrlee n a neet of tbe cenple, as veil as try Iris 
bjmrj jropfily «u »U«d. He nu a Hue G-eimafl 



E1NGWALDT, BAKTHOLOMATJS 961 

jtatilot, a Btutndi Lutheran, and a nun who was qnlta 
readj - to ^u the wnasqnenoefl- af his plafn apeakhi^. 
Hla style liui rule clear and goal, tbeagh hterk^iUDt 
areaften eneugb (ulling; end he ptawaetii inside tmbij 
pewere of oburvatEoa and deserifjlkm. After ini ie 
pub. varldaa didactic poenta), the tnoei lmpcirtAnt hdng, 
11) 'TemrMtiUiniA; S) i/atttl? Pnntifnan. mil «itA <nm 
Sbi 1 /iiiten wntid dfm flv^tS frr«cAt, Amtaig, 1563, asd 
tlie |«ter eda, enlarged and rewrituia tt Ckrisatiht 
Wanting fax Trctocn Sekarti, he, Frankfort a. 
Oder, IE93. Ih Tarloua fcrma anA tbrid5mfinta It pasud 
ttmvttgli at Least U editions up la Ho*. Thb wars in a 
mirror of U» times and of tho morals, of the peoplfe 
(1} Mi LtitiUr Warhtit, iarinmn axgaaga, mi* ijcA, 
rin TVclHitriijr «nd BeittlieKer Srieganan in uibnt 
BtriyT H)>-JtaHm<kil(, **., Erfurt, IMB. Of tblaagatq 
at least 16 edi. amieaied upt*17(i0. In it ha give* Bvelj- 
ptctnres Of the lite fifth* VarluOirmki and OtderauTbU 
time, tod (1uj*1 tht temptatlMiA und filljbga of w£i, 
not bjanjirjeariBeparhigEuiDiirieliari, i.e.thBLutberao 
clerfj. 

Ah a hymn-writer KiDjrwaldt waa abw c( 
considerable imparhuax. He was one of the 
most prolific kymm-writere of the 16th cent. 
Wackernatjd, iT. pp. B06-1065, gives 208 pieces 
nnder his name, about 1G5 of which may be 
called hymns. A selection of 59 as Ids <Stii- 
liehe Lddtr, with a memoiT by H, Wende- 
bourg, was pvib. at Halle in 1898. A nnmber 
appeared in the various eda. of Ids Tt6kkt 
Eckart and Looter Warheit as above. The 
rest appeared principally in his 

) D*f 91. Holm Kiben Sibeii unajtm nABafu ^fntcm, 
ire., Fltaafcfiiiti. Oder, 11T7. m fDdrf^xliii, Jujf flji* 
Simtag vnitd /isf, Adirchl jfttnjri Jnkr, *bv, ^rankrart 
a. Oder, l-.I>. Tt* earliest ed. now tnown ia Tiiidated, 
tint Watktritagd, L, p. 123, gi^M It aa of ligj. A. Jo 
Diaitad as a 2nd ed.. and haa a prefaca dated JfoY. Of, 
1S»1. It timtalll* liyuma fuuuded on tho fiocpels lor 
Sundaya and Ffflllvtls.ii: (a] nandbachlin: gtittl-isb* 
t,itdtr tind tjtbtllrin, Avff dcr KriiA, £e., Frailkfuit >. 
OtfcT, 1596 (preface. .Feb. 21, 16*2), A good many or 
Ms hymns piiaod into Gerraia sdUoetlDns of tte 1Mb 
And ITtb onita,, and A ooniber are atlll la Gernvui C, V. 

Those of Ribgwaldt's hymna whlck have 
passed into English are : — 

t. E* tat ftwiirJiok u derZeit. £tJn)J«iijlJotni. 
The aaoityrnovs original of this hymn, ia one of 
ZwBtj tehffne Lieder, printed K[>oi*ately ciiva 
1595, and therice it Wndteitiagel, W. p, a+4. W. 
ron Maltzahn, in his SucherichaU, 1375, No, 
CIS, p, 93, ciUs it as in an unds.t«d Nilmterg 
broidsheet, eirea 1S56. Wtwiemaget alio gives 
alobjr with tho original the revised forra in 
fiingwaldt'a .HondlfisA/in, lS8fi. Both forms sra 
ntss* in tho tTm). i, S., 1851, No. 7«, ia 1 st. of 
7 1. It la based on the "Dies Irae," but can 
hardly be called a Tersion of it. The original has 
a piciurejqoeDiaa and force which ore greatly 
lost In Eingwaldt's isvbion. It waa moch nseit 
in GtiPniany during the Thirty Tears' War, when 
fa f heau dbtresuful times mon oiten thought ths 
Last Day was at hand. The frs. are al) ( except 
No. 2, from Ringwaldt'i teit. They are : — 

t. "Hm suit that »winl time will onu. In full, 
by J. C. Jacohi, in his -fW. Germanior, 1722, 
tl 9S (1732, p. 202). Eep*sl«J, altered and 
abridged, in the Moravian H. £*, 175* to 1630. 
It is also found in two centos. 

(1> Tba wikiic trnmpafai ail ahall hear ^st. 1L), In 
Monlctaner^a Ckriititm ptalmiit, 1921. 

(1 VWtta all with nn ahall Btaad annad {st. tA 
ftwn Uic Jfurasiqn K. fit., 1*01, in tha Fonssylvanta 
Lntb, C*. Ait, 1868. 

1. Jtiwt anroly at ta" if-polatad time, By A. T. 
Euasoll, sa No. 3& in hi» Pt. f Sys., 1651, re- 
peated in the &%* HtjL, N. Y,, 187G. It ii 
marked a* ir, from the "Dies Irae," but is really 
a (food tr. of st, i., ii., v. of the German of 1&6& 

t, Btlold titt avfol daj draws rdajL, A tr, oi 



9C>2 



RlNKABT, MAETr^ 



at i., ii., v., by W. Sugilen, a* No. 139 in the 
Mhixlitt Schobm' 11 Dk., 1870. 

4> lie iky is, eujaij inning now. lit full Vy 
P. A. Peter aa No. 447 in the Ohio JlwjA. Hy(, } 
1860. 

9. fctitly M th* a,ppabit»d tlou. TSj" H. Ij, Hast- 
ings, marla in 1676, and inclmlwl tm No. 722 in 
his Solicit of Pilgnmttye, 188b". It condenses iii., 
W. ni> 111. 

6, Xhc tint* 4nvi sea* with quialMning; put. 
Hj- Mias Fry, in her JV^s. o/ (As Heforviation, 
1S45, p, 56, 

A hymn which has boon frequently but 
erroneously called a, ir. fVom ItirtgWflMt'3 text, 
is noted flu " Great God, what do I sec and 
hem " (p. 45i, I.). 

Hymns gut id ZdgUih C. IT. 

ii. AHain auf flott s*txt dels TeTtraun. TJn i^rittinn 
Lift. In many of the older Gorman hymn-booka llii'j It 
■Wilted to Hlngwalrit, but lb in not lound In Any of h|a 
works l»w extant. IPocfccniiwef, t, p. 32?, qtYea it as 
anonymous Hum Uh; (frtifsvald if, p., issT, wYwre II Is 
entitled "The golden A. B, fJ. wherein it very in- 
a&niouEly cmnprHcil wh.it a man. needs tr> knew In order 
to lpad hi Itenenrablo anil godly life." It la In H a, of 
4 l, n each stanza IxsglnninE with sncceBalvo tattera of tlK 
alphabet. Also in Peru's ff. JJ., ed. l'&5, He. }«, 
JfrJitniKKi' 1 , Ii. p. S£6, cltflp it us in tha ws. collection era 
nun called Cnlharlne Tini, Triitten in 15SP, In the 
nunnsry of Nigging, Monster. Thar* it la in. Lew Ger- 
man, and begins *' Alleno up uodt lnjpe uiid trnwe." 
Jijun^r things ninfwaldt may podstbly be the person 
who made the High German TCTsiun, 3Y. sa (1) ''Alone 
in (led put thou thy trust." By J. C. Jacubi, 1725, p. 2S 
073S, p. HO). 

lil. Dei Hon let aula fetraner Hirt, J&lt mub. in 
sednar Httta. P*.*atiii. IVftsSwilBflsI, It, p, S44, prints 
it from RtngWildl'i ilMWKKil, H.D., I5B3 AS above, In 
T jt on I. Tbo dm four Tines of at. 1. are taken from 
the older venjlQTi, " Hw Herce 1st nitki tieuor Hitt." in 
ttie Miwten KtvtnJKTit P- A, l*o*. No. 111. Tr, as 
00 "The Lord He Is my Shepherd Wni." By Xia 
JTaAiTigtint, 18*3, p. 30. 

It. Hut Jam Cbrilt, 4u haelnttt Out, Bll BittmlljliiMl 
der Qeiwdeii. Lent. Ontof tlis llh«<lotaettn(ui peni- 
(tuttui hjmm. TVoiifccrllflffd, If. p. 1018, g!v*s it, in 
B st, nf 1 1„ torn Kingwildt'a Clnj^icJiB Wamunp, 
liSSi Whei« it la entitled *' A 6no Ijjsm [of Supplication] 

Hat, Nfl. ISf*. the 1" an (1) [ ' Lofd Saviour OhTlift, 
m_y BO^ercIgn Pjwd-" Jn the Supple to Ger. PxaJnody, 
ed! 1TCJU t 1 - "■ P?WTittpn. as ^3) ^'Lonl Jeans Christ* 
my SrtT 3 rel^pi goo4," ab No. 33S In Uib Hbravi&n H. 
EK.. 1785. In Ui« ed. of 1 See, No. 3T«, It atona " Jemw, 
OlOU nourct of eveiy good." f3) "0 CliriBt, tfiwi 
chialeat (pod, th™ Bpiloa," By "r. e, WHIfer, istO, 
p. 76. ft) "Loid Jes«9 Clirlst. tbontiightBtE|oe<L" By 
F. W. Yenni, In the FO/biS^ rrcnmrj, JWT, p. tea, 

J?- M 3 

Biakart, Martin, b. of Georg Kakftrt o» 
RiiKskart, cooper at Eileuburs oq tho Hulde, 
SAJtouy-, iraa b, at Eilenbnrg, April 23, 15B6* 
Alter paaaing through the Latin flohool at 
Eilon^urg, he he^anie, La Nov., 160L,afrninda- 
tion scholar and chorister of the St. Tijomsu'e 
School 9-t Leipzig. This Bcholftrahip slgo 
nlloweJ hiai to pixMced to tlio UniTCWity of 
Leipzig, where ho matriculated far the «im- 
mer «ea?ion of LG02, as n, atmloiit of Theology; 
and after the completion of liia cntirse he re- 
mained for some tune in Leipzig (ho did not 
tftko his m.a. tm ICIC). In Jlarch 1*10 he 
offered himself as ft candidate for the post of 
dincunUB at EilonDurp, and was pn;anted hy 
tie Town Council, but the Superintendent ne- 

* ITU own ttatoment waa tint he " wja hem Anno 
1544, Juhlltrio Sornliy, en St. tieorge'B nay, vhkh ni 
tins ?3rd o[ April, uetween 6 and 7 a.h." In i&bb how- 
er<T JiiWIa«! S, (3rd S. otter Easier! iell en April 2*, 
whliE gt, (JcflTgo's ilsy Is Aprils J. The ™itt In the 
Itctistera at EilsnenrE flays that he van Mptl^d 
"Monday aft?r Jntrita-U, the Ssth nf April," which la 
f|Uite correct. 



KINKABT, MABTItf 

fused to sanction this arrangement, notnirujlly 
on the grmmd tliat Binkart was a better 
ransiiaau than theologian, but reedly becnuso 
ho wss unwilling to liave a colleague who was 
a native of Eilenburg, and who appeared to 
have £i will of Ills own. Kiakait, not wishing 
to enstest the matter, applied for a vacant 
mastership in the gymnasiam at Eialeben, and 
entered en his duties there hi the beginning of 
June, 1610, as sixth master, and also cantor 
ef the St Nicholas Church. After holding 
this appointment for a few months, ho bec&me 
dinconua of St. Anne's Chore] i, in the Ncn- 
stadt of Eialebon, and began bis work thero 
Hay 38, loll ; and then became pastor at 
Erdeborn and Lyttichcndorf {Ld(jendoTf), 
near Eislcbcn, entering on his duties there on 
Dec 5, 1613. finally he was invited by the 
Town Council of Eilenburg to becemo archt- 
diacontis there, And in Nov. 1U17 came into 
residenee at Eilenburp. He d. at Eileriburg, 
Dec. 8, 1 649. A memorial tablet to his memory, 
affixed io the house where lie livnl, was un^ 
veiled at Eilenburg on Easter Monday, Aprii 
26, lSSfi. (Martin JHnltaTi't GeiiUwhe Liaier, 
ed., witb a biographical introduction, and :ui 
exteasire bibliography, by Hoitirich Bembe 
and Johannes Linke, D.&., Gotha, F, A. 
Porthcs, IBS6; K. Qoedeko's Gnmdritt, vol. 
iii^ 1S87, pp. 168, ai], iVc,) 

The ftreaur pan of B Ink alt's ptofp**loliiJ life naa 
pa3J»l Amid the homrn el ttaa Thirty lnim War. 
£ll£tti>ur|V/ D4^n^ Oi iraUed towld became a t?fu^e far 
fljgttEvea frorii all aroitnd, and being jjo o^eFcmwiled, 
lllot UnnalnralJy snHerad from pealilence And lainine. 
Uprlnn the creat ptatllenc* of 1837 the Superintendent 
went away for change of air, ami cjjnld net M persiuutal 
to Hlium; mA oa Aug. 7 IUnJcart had to oflteata st tha 
funerals of two of the town olargy arid two who had had to 
leaTO then 1 Imnas In the country. Tllnhart thnafor aame 
time was the only clergyman fn tba place, and often read 
the nervioe over aonaa ao ^o SO persons a df+y, and In all 
over ahont 1,430- At last therefmjeeaijaa toheimrled in 
trenches wlttmnt serrice, and dnrinE the wink epidemic 
some S.OOQ perwns dted, Inolvdlng Blnlmrt'B Bi^l wife, 
wfto d. May s, itSf, The ne*t year he bad an epidemic 
or manlfses to encounter, and himself fell a victim « n 
June 34. Immediately ttaereaner came a most severe 
[inline, dnrinp which Rlnfctrt'e resources wen attained 
to the uttermost to help his people. Twice Also he saved 
EJlenfcurg from the Sfedt*. once in the beginning of 
1637, and again in 109 (sea p. tit, L). Unfortunately 
the aarvksa he rendered to the place seemed to have 
made those in authority tbs more nngnrteful, and in hie 
latter years ha waa miach haraased by tbem In financial 
and other matters, and by the time that tile fc[)K-10ok&l- 
for peace came {Oct. 24, IMS) be was A worn -out And 
preniatnrtly afjad man. 

Binkart was a Tolamlrjous writer nnd a 
good musician, but a considerable number of 
his boots seem to have perished, and ethers 
bTirriye only in angle copies. He early began 
to write poetry, ani was crowned m a poet 
apparently in 1611. Among other tilings he 
wrote a cycle of sev^n so-called "CorI^cdies, , ' 
or rather drainaa, on the Befbrmatlon Period, 
suggested by the contrjnayy of theBefonnatioit 
in 1617. Tllrae of these were printed re- 
spectively in 161S, IS 1 8, and 1625, and two of 
them were noted in public. Binfcart's hymns 
appeared principally in the following works : — 

(1] JeiTj Htrtx-tmtMfln, This was computed in 
1630, and Unit pub at f^ljrzlg in I ass. No C0|ty is now 
knon-h. The 2nd cd„ pqh. «t Leipilg, jew. fc In the 
Royal Idbroryat Hannover. (?) J^"" Jfefaitt^sptf UtrtnKlt 
SUM, Leipzig, 1837, Is the Royal library at Berlin. 
(a) sfp. Ejrtifuilami Salomoiieo-^Sfutain-iiici «zhMp4 wn- 
toortnn . . . feWkhz Gtiftl^ltt nmj ifinvntfiefie Rrtmt 
Mate, L*lpilc., mt In iVolfenbnttel Libr*ry. (4) 
rrtJftAimiui.icijH*of(jt. kiiI Oiiwafimui-tfafer, LHjh 
aig, i««5. In tl;c Utrlin Library. 



BINKART, HAHtrK 

Dr. Linke, 1888, as above, girea a list of the 
first lines of nil the hymns in the works of 
Binknrt which t*¥0 come under his notice, 
and prints a seleattooi from them, including 66 
in ftlL Thfl beat of them are characterised by 
a tree patriotism, a childlike devotion to God, 
nnd ft Arm confidence in Gfld'n meroy, and His 
promised help and grate. A fo« passed Into 
the German hyum-books. Those which liave 
been (r. into English ate ; — 

L AUeluji, Lob, Pceu nnd Bbr. This hymn, 
noted at p, 1H, seerti* to be based on two hymn*, 
beginning with the same first liue, and both 
found in Rlntnrt's Braui Jfusje, 1042. Dr. 
Linhe does not print the full text. {See Blatter 
fir Ilgmaologi', 1886", p. ill.) 

11. Kim daakel alio o«tt. Jliniifejri'in's^. The 
eldest text now accessible is in J. Cruger's iVaiij, 
1648, No. 183, to 3 it. of 8 1. ; also in this Crivjer- 
J?t|Mi)f<? ff. J,, 1 653, No. 187. It fc also in 
Rintart's Jesu Ifertz-Bichicin, 168 J, where the 
text slightly varies and is entitled "Grace" 
(" Tisch-Gebetlein," i.e. a short prayer at table). 
There docs not seem any good reason for sup- 
posing that it did not appear in the 1st ed., 1636, 
of the HtrU-B&bltin, aid ill any Case It has no 
connection with this Peace of Westphalia. (A 
good specimen of the \iffiy in which stories of 
hymns ara manufactured is in tho Sunday at 
Home, A tig. , 1888, p. 539, where a fall and par- 
ticular account is given of its legendary origin 
in Not. 1S<16.) It is founded on Ecclesiasticus 1. 
S3 -21 j and st. i., ii. are indeed little more than 
a paraphrase of these venes, it. iii. being a 
Tension of the Gloria J'atri. The fact that the 
regimental chaplains, when holding the special 
service of thanksgiving for the conclusion of the 
peace, were commanded to preach from this pas- 
sage, may have suggested the theory that 
Rinfcsrt's hymn, was written for the same oc- 
casion. Jt gradually came into general use, 
■uceoHfttlly torviTOd the period of Rationalism, 
and is now to be found 111 every German hymn- 
book, e.g. in the Berlin G. L> &, ed, 1S63, No. 
1022. It may be called the German Te Dnim, 
and as such is used at all national festivals or 
special occasions of thanksgiving. It was recently 
used at the festal celebration of the completion 
of Cologne Cathedral, on Aug. 14-, 1880, at 
the laying of the foundation stone of the new 
Reichstags biilding in Berlin, by the Emperor 
William, Juo* 9, 1884, &c 

The fine melody (set to the hymn in JJ. A, ty 
Jf. and most recent English collections) appears 
in the Praxis, 1648 .(Cruger's Kii-chtmnslodien. 
184&, No. 94), and in the &*$<lr'EungS &, 8 n 
16SS, is marked with Criieet's Initials. It bus 
been described as adapted from a melody by 
Lucas Marenzo (choirmaster at Rome, who i. 
1598), or a? adapted from a motet by Rihkurt; 
but to prove either statement, very little evidence 
is forthcoming. 

The ift. Of the hymn into English ate J— 
* 1< Let all men prmiw the lort. This ii a tr. of 
st. i., iii., by Alfred Novello, as part of his ration 
of the word~book to Mendelssohn's Lel;gii<ing i <ft 
Hyam 'of Prate, IB4S, f. 89. This form his 
pawed into a number of hymnals, Including the 
S. Qmrj., 1859 ; Dale's Eng. H. Bk., 1874, and 
others, fn the Baptist Jfjf., 1379, a tr, of st.ii. 
!s added, of which 11. 1^4 are, from Miss Wink' 
worth's tr. 

S, How jireim th* lord on high. In full as No. 



BIFFON, JOHN 



96d 



£3 in the Daliton Hospital R. B&, y 1848. Thtf 
appears to be the version which Kubler, in his 
HUt. Mottt to the Lyra dirmanbm, 1865, p. £47, 
saya was made by Baron C. K. J. van Bunseo, for 
the opening of the German Hospital at Daltton, 
on Oct. 15, 1845. 

*. How let hi ill to Oti. In fnli, by A. T, 
Russell, as No. 301, in his Ps. £ ifjrA, 1851. 

1. 1st ua nnln the tmi, Tfiaa. bssits bj true 
love ctuowt. ThU is No. 340 in the Winchester 
Ch, H. Bk-, 1&&7, and eeetiu to be intended as a. 
paraphrase of the German. 

1. Newthulc w* all onr QoJ. A fnli and very 
good tr. by Miss Winhworth, in hsr Lyra Ger, f 
2nd Ser.j 1853, p. 145, repeated in her C. B. fbr 
Enffland, 1863, No. 11, and her CAnifian Siwjw, 
188&, p, 181. It has been included in many 
recent English and American hymnals, e. g. 
JT. A. § Jf., 1861 ; PeopWs Hyl,, 1667 5 Cong. 
Jig!,, 1BS7, t<., and in America In the Epit. 
ffyt., 1 871 ; Prctb. HyL, 1871, and many others, 
generally in full and unaltered. 

9, How aU (im thanks to fad. In full as No. 
364 in the AnglicaA B. i?4, 1868 (1871, Ho. 
307), marked as a versification by tL C. Single- 
ton. Repeated In J. 1. Porter's Colt., 1876. 

7. How all bui think ya Ood, In full by T. 
E- Brown, as Ho. 37 in the Clifton CVMC If. 
JJ*., 1&T2. 
Otfaer t». an :— • 

til " Now let us praise tne Laid." In tall 07 J. C, 
XMn. 1122, p. » 0739, p. J**> repeated, tllered, in 
tbe Jfirrnvfan A £fe„ U6t to issl (?) "Now all, 
ta God gtw Uiaolcs." Bf Dr. H, Mills, in the Atoflf. 
Jleriew, Gettysburg, 1841. p. 203; and hit Burnt Gtr., 
1M4, p. Ii. (3) * Uft beurt, and ntads. and voice.' 1 
Br JWS* C^ luN, p. 238. <*) " Nov ill glTB Uunks to 
Gud." By /. B. Burnt, 1S4S, p. SSS. («) " AH hearts 
and tosgnes and bauds." By IF. L, Fwafatgkan, iBlo, 
p. 313. 

liL Bo fail loh bin mit Fund™. For the Pying. 
In his ifcissmsclm Thrannt-Saat, 1637, No. 24, 
p. 19, in 5 St. of 81., entitled * Even the same, 
and her soul-rejoicing Farewell Hymn. On May 
8." &t.l.i*. 

'■ 80 JUir Icli bin mil Frewden 

Aus dleuoj Jamuurtbal, 

Ans Anpt, Geftbr nnd Leiden 

In Himm^la-Fremlen Sasl, 

Dt wlr uad ill* Fronnneu 

much Gotles Wundemtsdit 

Zuunnnen wledsilcounnen ; 

In dss su gnter HacM." 

The title refers to the preceding hymn, which 
is in 19 st,, the initials of the *ts, forming the 
acrostic CAWffiBU Siaciardiit^ Dr. Linke abridges 
it and misprints the title, which is : — 

"Die TmitMJitJabi-stkvttttr (chritlisaM. Kinekarft 
HereigetrtKt iSft. Utui 0*ltti-«*»*fl») untt ihr JSff. 
iicJset nnd txMglitbti TtOtt Litd. AVI ihrm Jaaut 
cnLuhifrn uiul m io. [not ao] nge 4a Tmttkuhltn 
Mcjt" facta 1837. tfthrtt tvjuittKtrtBuviiMiHicMniH 
sbije/utn&eilai Le&A-Tbtt: deijl. Psalm*,'' 

From this it is clear thdt both hymns are in 
memory of his wlfi:, that she died on May 8, 
1637, 4h4 that her funeral sermon was preached 
by her husband on May 10, 1637. The form tr. 
into English h the gieatly nltered, or rather 
practically new text which is noted under 
Btnna, Leoobard (q.v>). 

A version of the. " Jean dulcla menorh," 
made oy Binhurt, is noted *t p, t M, S. [^T, M.j 

Etpporij, John, d.p,, th b. nt Tiverton, 
Dovoi), April S9, 1751, and wna cduofttsd for 
the ministry nt the Baptist College, Bristol. 
In 1773 ho bec&mO PfiStor of the Baptist 
church ill Carter Lane, Toolcy Street Cnftet- 



964 BI9E, HEABT ; THY LORD 

wants removed to New Pari Street), London, 
and over this church he continued to preside 
until his death, on Dec. 17, 1336. Tlie degree 
of d.d. w« conferred on him in 1732 by the 
Baptist College, Providence, Rhode Island. 
Dr. BippoQ was one of the most popular and 
influential Dissenting ministerd of bis time. 
From 1790 to 1802 ho issued the Bapiiti An- 
nual Reqitter, & periodic*! containing an ao- 
count of the most important oven Is in the 
history or the Baptist Denomination in Grofct 
Britain and America during that period, and 
very Ynluable no* tm a book of reference. But 
his most famous work in his Sehcticfn of hymns 
far public warship, which appc&rcd in 1787. 
The full title of the 1st ed. is A ^ejection of 
Symnt from (he he»t author*, intruded at an 
ApptudiM to Dt-r Waffs'* PtaliM ami Hymixe. 
In 1791 he pub. a StsltfAvrn of Ptaim and 
Hymn T*att from the Bat Author*, adapted 
to Dr. Watta's Psalms and Hymns, and to Ilia 
own Selection, and from that time the namCB 
of tunes were prefixed to the hymns in the 
successive editions of bis hymn-book. In 1800 
lie pah the 10th &1, of his Sel, contain lag 
mors than sixty additional hymns. In 1827 
it was still further enlarged, and in 1844, 
after his death, appeared Ths CiimprehenitM 
Edition, commonly known as Jw Coinpr«« 
fcnitve ifrpfws, containing most of tbe addi- 
tional hymns, with about 400 then first added, 
making in all upwards of 1170, iu 100 metres. 
A rival to the CompitlwnMvt we* also after- 
wards published under the old title, somewhat 
on! urged. In the preparation of the original 
book, nod it* subsequent improvement, Dr. 
Rippcn performed an important service to 
Baptist Hymtiody, and also, It is said, gained 
for himself Lt au estate " through its immense 
sale. Iu the preface to the 10th ed, he elaime 
for himself the authorship of some or the 
hymns, but OS he refrained from affixing his 
name to any of the hymns it is impossible uow 
to say with certainty which ought to be as- 
cribed to him. There can, however, be no 
reasonable doubt that hymn 535, 3rd port, 
" Tbe day has dawned, Jehovah comes " (q. v.), 
is (me of his compositions. Other hymns, pro- 
bably by him. are, '* Amid the splendour* of 
Thy state " (Lot* of God}, 1800 ; and " There 
is joy in heaven, and joy on earth" (Joy aver 
tbi Repenting Sinner), 1787, Ho also ftlicreu 
tho tsxts of and made additions to several of 
the older hymns. Some of these altered texts 
(see tnlu rf Aotion mi TnuiiUW™) are still 
in C, U. In 1830 the additions given in tlie 
87th *U 1927, of Rippon-a Sel. wero re- 
printed, with notes by Dr. Slater, as : — 

JTymnJ Original and Selectjxt ; int&Ttjtsrtdl fti th$ 
f\ccnt jMmntEA oHCiOn </ tkc Sdtttian, initli A'tancraul 
Dnwiloffiel , in the Uvsal, tht FtCwtiar. and tn tta Ira 
OmmUll watt. By MKn Rippm, D. o. 

A Sad ed. of this pamphlet of 82 hymns and 
dazologies appeared in 1832. [W. It, SJ 

Biae, heart; thy T*r>rA lej risen. Sing 
HIb praise Without delayea. G. B#r- 
lart. [JHawfer.] This is Herbert's quaint and 
beautiful hyum fur Easter, pub. in The Temple, 
1633, In 8 st. of 6 1. and $ at. of 4 1. (see re- 
prints of The Temple'). The hymn In the Bap 
-Ps.&.Hyt., 1358;— 

" Rtae liwrtl Uij Lord inm 
Willi Uk flist morning i»jv" 



RIBT, JOHANN 

by G. Bawson (seo his Hynu*t, 1876, p. IE*), 
was auggeatcd by this lyric by O. Herbert, 
From Herbert's hymn at. iv.-vi. have also been 
used as a separate pieoe as, " I got me flowers 
to straw Thy way." This form is In Mar> 
tiuean's Hyimu, 1840, &c. [J, J.] 

Eiee, my Soul, adora thjr Maker, 
J, (Jennie^ [AfoftttHjjJ Pnh in his Sacrvd 
Hys.for the Children of God, 1741, No. Vi, in 
7 st. of 4 1, thus :— 

" Rise, my sool, nture tliy Maker, 
Angul* priti*, 
Jadii iby ULya, 
Wild tbem be p»rt»fc»r." 

It was repeated in several of the older hymn-' 
books, as Whiteneld's, Madan's, Cbnyere's, 
Toplady'a, and; others. In modem collections 
it is not so widely need, although still given 
in. several celleetions, including the bong. 
Church H'jl., 1687, Ac [J. J.j 

Rise, my soul, and stretch thy 
wings. S, Sea/jraes. [Ifaiiwn rfeeiVaiJ 
Apyetired in his Hyt- fur Glirittian Worth-ip, 
ie., 17-ii, in 4 st. of 8 1,, and entitled " Tho 
Pilgrim's gong " ; and again in D. Sedgwick's 
reprint of Seagrave's Hymut, I860. In 1758 
B«i<;rave'B intimate friend, Q. Whiteiield, in» 
eluded it, with tlie Omission of ek. Hi., as 
No. 2 of Ft. ii. of his Byt. for Social Worship, 
This was repeated in moit of (he older col- 
lections, and is the form of the hymn usually 
given in modem hymnals. The use of this 
hymn is extensive in G. Britain and America. 
Original text in Lyra Brit., 1367. [.T. J.] 

Riee. my bouI, with ardour itae, C. 
Wesfey. [Looking to, and Confideneo in, God 
tho Father-] Tub. in ttyt, and Sac. Poem*, 
1730, p. 2ty, iu 12 at of 6 1., and headed 
" John itvi. S!4, A*k, and ye shall receive, 
that your joy may be full." (P. Work*, 
1 £88-72, vol. i. p. 192.) It was also added to 
J. Wesley's Sermon, No. 40, an " Christian 
Perfection." Although not in C V- in its 
original form, tho following centos are in 
several collections : — 

1. Siac* th» But httii mads ne Arte. This Is cots- 
pnHd of st. vi., viil..fi., ii,, xi[„ ant Is given in tin 
Wit. S. Bk, 17611. u Nd, 379. 1c ii in seieral collec- 
llona. 

X, Btannly Tttba, Lard of »11. This canto In tbs 
American Reibrmri Dutch Syi- iff the Chvtth, N. V. 
184ft, 1» ccmpoMd ot St. ii.. It. ud Tiii. 

S, AWll, ZathMT, huT Tbj ibild. Tn t, tew Ame- 
rican oilltctlDM, iKliHliss Hitfltli'B CAsfcft S. Bk. t 
1BT3, wlieie st. vlli.. Is., ill. tin jlvoi $» No. 91$. 

When theae centos are taken Into account, 
the u*e of the hymn in varying forms is not 
inconsiderable. [J. J.] 

RiBt, Johann, s, of KaSpar Hist, pastor 
at Otteneen, uenr Hamburg, was b. at Otteq- 
sen, March 8, 1607, and from his birth was 
dedicated to the ministry. After passing 
through the Johanneum at Hamburg and tbe 
Gymnasium Illiutre at Bremen, he matricu- 
lated, in Ins 81 st year, at the University of 
Biuteln, and there, under Joeua StBgmann 
Cq. v.). he received an impulse to hymn- 
writing. On leaving Itiutem he acted as tutor 
to the sons of a Hamburg marcliant, acccni- 
pamyinp: them to the University of Rostock, 
where 'he himwlf studied Henrew, Mathe- 
matics and also Medicine. During his resi- 
dence at Rostock the terrors; of die Thirty 



BIST, JOHANN 

Yeiffl War almost emptied th« University, and 
Biat himself also lay there tor weeks ill or the 
pestilence. Alter Ids recovery he seema to 
have spent some time at Hamburg, and then, 
about Jlioh&eimM, 1638, became tutor in the 
h«qw of the lawyer (Lnndsohrefber) Heinrich 
Bager, at Heide, id Holstefn. Titers he be* 
toothed himself to Elizabeth, stater of the 
Judge Franz Stapfel, whose luflneoce seems 
to have had a. good deal to do with Bint's ap- 
pointment as pastor at Wedel. In the spring 
of 163S he married and settled at Wedel (on 
the Elhe, a, few mils) below Hamburg^ where, 
ipite of various offers of preferment, he re- 
mained till Ms death, on Aug. Si, 1667. 
(JbAotM iJiri ujwi srfnfl Zeii, h; Dr. T. Hansen, 
Halle, 1872; K. Goedeks's Qrmdrfa, toL iiL, 
1867, p. 79; £«£, ill., 212; &>**, p. 186, Ac. 
The statements of the various authorities re- 
garding the period IB21-163S vary greatly and 
irreconcilably.) 

Daring tbe Thirty T«ra War illst had mm* to «v 
dan tna famine, plundering, and pestilence. Other- 
wise he led a patriarchal mil happy life it Wadel, elaae 
to tbe congenial society of Hamburg, and a* ran went 
on more and more esteemed and bunamed by bis con- 
temporarie*. Tbe Emperor Ferdinand I IT. crowned Mm 
aa * poet la 1644, and fn 1*63 raised him to tbe noblltly, 
while nearer home Rake Christian a( If ecMenburg ap- 
pointed bim bTircheiirath. end GanfllEtorEalnrth. Among 
other literary bunowne wesrecelred In lfiasaeamem 
bee of tbe Pegnfa Order (see p. 1U, under Krfcu), and 
Eq i«f as * member of the Froltbearing Society, tbe 
great German literary union of tbe lVlocent. 1 while in 
net be himself became the founder Mid head of the 
Elbe Swan. Order, which however did not survive lite 
deatb. 

Hist wea an earnest pastor end 4 into patriot. He of 
COUrtft tdok tha (Id*, and thai with ill b& might, of the 
Proteatanta, bnt he knged us lev did for tbe union of 
tbe scattered element* of lbs body politic in <3tiwnr. 
He was & voluminous awl nucy-uucd writer (see the 
full bibliographies In ffittHnt and (RmisAe as shove). 
His secular worts are of great interest to the atudtnt of 
the history of the times, and bis occasional poems on 
marriages, -Ac, to tbe genealogist and local historian, 
rtrbips tbe must interesting to tha general reader ere 
tb« Fritdt wOntcItaide TttttKbiand, 1S*T, tad the 
IHahjaadtiesds TtaiKifajiif, I Ota, two plays In whlti 
there art tlvid pictorEA of the times., especially of the 
condition of the lower classes during tbe Thirty Years 
War. These plays, with selections from bis other 
secular poeme snd from his hymns, are Included in his 
DicAtuHQtn, I<eiprig, 18*6, ed, tj Qoedeke and E. 
□oetm. Hmitit gives anolytea of the secular works, 
with » few extracts horn litem ; and in hla second part 
giT* a full eelectJon from tbe hymns, often however 
greatly abridged. 

As a hymn-writer Eiet takes high rank. He 
wrote eomo 6S0 livuuie, iutended to cover the 
whole ground of Theology, and to be used hy 
all Tanks and claaaea, and on all the occBaiona 
of life. Naturally nmmgh they «w not of 
equal merit, and many are poor and bombastic. 
But meant them rather for private nae than for 
public worship, and during hi* lifetime they 
were nerer used in the charch at Wedel. But 
they were eagerly caught qp, set to melodies 
by the beet muBJeimlB of the day, and speedily 
passed into congregational use nil over Ger- 
many, while even the Soman Catholic* read 
.them with delight. Over SOD may be said to 
have been in O. U. in Germany, and a large 
number atill lwld their place, Unfortunately 
many are very long. But speaking of Eiat e 
belter productions, wo may say that tlteir 
noble and clogeicAl style, their objective Chris- 
tian faith, their sciipturalneae, their power to 
ooiuoie, to eiiconra|^ ? nnd to atrcngtlicn in 
trust upon God's Fuilierly love, and their ftr- 
Tent hve to the Sa,viour{espedally seen in the 



EUBT, JOHASHS 



065 



belt of his hymns for Advent, and for the 
Holy Communion), sufficiently justify the 
esteem in which they were, and are, held In 
Germany. Tlie bent known of Bisf ■ hymns 
appeared in the following collections : — 

(l) HMittte LttdtT. litis contains M hynms. 
The SttU ZeAflt la dated LBneburc, IML tbe u-t 2aba 
are dated 1U2 [Royal Llhrary, Derta). to tbe later, eds. 
Eltt mads tarmus ilteralloos, and also exptsded the 
titles of the hymns, tares chenga being ilmon all for 
the woim. (si Netitr kvuiitetitr Lii&ir mnierlolmt 
Ana, LObeiitirg, 1CS1 [VfeiAtgerod* Ltbcary]. U 
hynms. (aj Soihiluiuhe sxUxlmt, Llinrtmrg. itii 
[Brit. Mm, anil &Eitina*ll]. With Is hymM DO tbd 
Qmpels Jbr ilnqoaye, kt. (-1) ft-BDUf viut gotti&igte 
Christen alliaoiickt HauiHmiik, Ltlneburg, Kit [Ehtt. 

Una. and aiiingwij, With to bynuis. (a) juae 

kiUitdliKle Fr*t A-Rttathtm, UroebutK. 1SU fWHfit. 
knrode], Vfitb 61 hymns on th* Sunday flospria. (I) 
SeOe VHMUrfditc** J.i*T«iuMii Jrt*Kftto*, Efibeborg, 
1IBS [Brit, Kua. and Werulgerode]- Willi al hymns. 

Seven of Biefe hymns are sepemtely noted 
under their German first lines (see Initi of 
Aotlura aad TraBilatar*). The otbtri Wlich 
hare passed into English are ; — 

1, Du LaUaalirod, Htn Jen Oariit. Jtolf/ Cam- 
mwtion. In his Hem.1Siri.vSik> 1654, No. T, p. 92, 
in S »t. of $ 1-, entitled " A devutional hymn, 
which may ba suns; yvhsa. the pecplf art about 
to take their plies at the Holy Communion of 
the Lord,"- Found rf «a Pa. xiiii, Included as 
Ho. +78 in tho Berlin Cf, L. S., ed. 18fl3. 3V-. 
as: — 

lord Jen CtrUt, tha livlag braaoV A good tr. «f 
st- i,, ii., iii., v., by A, T. Hoeseli, as Ko. 159 io 
his i 5 *. <f ffy>^ lSJil. 

ii, Bit had Sauk a*l Air fasnnfan. On ii( 
Angels. In bis Jtsf-ilfufocAfoi, 1SS5, No. 4S, 
p. 304, in 9 st. of 10 )., sntill«i " Another hymn 
of Praise and Thatnlcsgivinp on the t&xtn Otapel 
[S. Miitt. iriii.] for St. HicWl's Dij , ]fi wbkh 
the fraat God who creited the Angela, and ap- 
pointed thorn for our service, is from the heart 
tidored and prni&ed." Included in Burgas O. 0., 
Breslau, 174ft, No. 416, and in Bubsen'i Vcrmd, 
1833, No. 233. The trt. in C \S. are ;— 

1. Fraiae and thaxjji to Ihn he nog. By Hiss 
Winkwoith, omitting st. iii.-vi., in her Lyra 
Grr., 1st Ser,, 1355, p. 305, repeated in her 
0. B.far England, 1B63, No. Si. 

1. Olory, pnun, to Urn bo *»**;. A fr. of at. i. 
m No. 1324:, in the Moravian S. Bk., ia6«. 

iil, Eraitnitn iith,tt*in eehwaAhtr Oelrt, Christ- 
mas. Founded on Isaiah ix. 2-7. 1st puti. in 
the Erttet Zshsn of hit fflmlit&t Liioltt, 1641, 
So. 1, p. 1, in 12 st. of S l. T entitled "A hymn 
cf pmise on the joyful Birth and Incarnation of 
our Lord and Saviour Jean* Christ." lqo)tided 
in CrQger*i Praxis, lSSfi, No. 91, and neently, 
omitting at. viii, as No. 32 in the Unv. L. &., 
1SS1. The trs. in C. U. are i — 

1. B* ohaufiil, thou ary ajirit taint, A tr. of 
et. i. by J. GamooU, is N*. 188 in pt. i, of tha 
Hbrtnimt ff. £&., IT 54; repented as st. t. of No. 
437, aitefed to " Ariae my spirit, leap with joy," 
and with his trs. of st. ii., iv,, ii, added. lb the 
ed. of 1739, No. 46 (1888, No. 41% ft begins, 
" Arise, my spirit, bless the day." 

3. Jtaul welsuoe, graokot Inwl This k 
a tr. of st. ii. r ti., lii, by A, T. Russell, a* No. 
5ft in his Pi, $ JfysL, 1851. 

Another tr. Is ]<' My languid spirit, upward spring." 
Dy Jr. L. fWCMttfrninti, 1919, p. ITS. 

Lv. Oott aei gelohat, dar aUtla. Joy fa Goa\ In 
his JVWift- ffinttisclicr Zihfer, 1051, p. US, No, fl, 
in 13 tt. of 7 !,, entitled "A joyful hymn of 



966 



BIBT, JOHANN 



Thanksgiving to God, that He permits tti to 
enjoy our daily bread jn health, pence and pros- 
perity, with a humble prayer that Ha would 
graciously preserve ue in tin same." Included 
in OlearioVa Skw-Kmut, 167 1, No. 322, and 
recently in Knapp'e in. X. fi f 1850, No, 16-96 
(186S, No. 1?6S}. Tbe ft-, in C. U. is : — 

VtW Gad (a wjtelasd, ml Ood alaoe. By Hies 
Winkworth, omitting Et. iii,, vi. t viii. t ii., in he* 
(SrtWioa %rt, 18S9, p. 192. Repeated, 
abridged, In Stathanl'* OjK^ Edinburgh, 1869, 
Ho. 63 (1870, Ho. 110). 

t. fin, dor du menu Beds. ZtftriL In the 
Erttet Zehs* of his ffimKicfa Litder, 1641, p. 
85, Ho. 7, in 13 rt. of 8 ],, entitled "A heartfelt 
hymn of penitence to hi* moat beloved Lard 
Jeans, for tbe forgiveness of his ma&y and HMni- 
fold sins," Founded on prayer viii. in Class m. 
of J. Arndt'a PowdiagXrthiii, 1612. Jn the Vnv. 
L, &, 1SS1, No, 382, The *rs. in C. U.are:— 

1, Thou hant aantsU'd my tnjeegieaalaii. A tr. 
of et, Ti., Till., aa No, 1022, in theS^jjpJ. of 1308 
to the Moravian R. Bk., 1801 {1886, No. 107> 

1, Jhu I 'Wb* In umf dylag. A free tr. of 
at. i., iii. 1L 1-4, t. il. 5-8> iii., by A. T. RnSaell, 
aa Ho. 78 in his J>t. $ Kyi., 1851. 

ri. Jeea, menu W«nt> ^Tofj CommmiOn. 
This beautiful hymn appear) in RUt'a Hovst- 
tmuii, 1651, No. 9, p. 4J, in 14 et. of 4 1-, en- 
titled " The heartfelt Thonfcigiriiig of a pioiu 
Christian when he has partaken of the Holy 
Communion." Jn the (7nc L. &, 1851, Ho. 
285. The (r. in C. U. is : — 

(tan of iny »*lirii<Bi, A good if. of st. i., iii, 
v., vi., by A. T. Russell, as So. WO in his i>*. £ 
ifa., 1&51. 

Another U, I* WO Christ, my ioy, my (mil 1 * *- 
light" By Jjf, B. waiter, 1HB0, p. w, 

vH, T**4a llohti da Btadt 4e* Hefdoa, JSJiv- 
pAony. In his Jesi-JjuiawKen, 1655, p. &£, No, 
13, in 15 st. of 6 1., entitled "Another festival 
hymn of the day of the Manifestation of Christ, 
in which the glorious, godlike, and eternal Light, 
which haa graciously arisen on as poor heathen 
in thick darkness, is devotedly contemplated." 
In the Urn. L. S, 1851, No. 63. Tr. kst— 

1. AH j» QantQe lands inks, A good tr. of 
st, i.-iv., vi., yiL, air. av., hy Mils Winkworth, 
ill her Lyra Ocr., 1st Ser., 1855, p. 30. Ke- 
yftited, abridged, in SduifFi Christ in Song, 1B69 
aud 1870, and in Flett's (bit., Paisley, 1S71. 

1. Eiae, Balsa, rise aid ehine. A jciwd tr, of 
et. I,, iil., Til., siv., Jtf,, h»**d on her Z^imi (Jet 1 , 
version but altered in metre, by Miss Winkworth, 
in hor C. IS. for England, 1883, Ho. 38. Re- 
peated in J. L. Porter's Cott^ 1876, and the 
Pennsylvania Loth. Ch. Bh^ 1869. 

viti, Vit wobl hut dn pjlalict, flirfy Ojm- 
tiktfiucm, In his ffaCef Ifiinliacier Li(dtr, 1651, 
p. 78, in 9 et. of 121., entitled "A hymn of 
heartfelt Praise and Thlnksgiving after the re- 
ception of the Holy Count onion," In the &nV- 
X. £, 1851, No. 291. The tr. in C. U. ia:— 

luring Bctad baa, Btv/ta, A good *f,, 
omitting et. ir. p by Miss Winkworth, in her 
Lyra Qsr^ 2nd S«r., 1858, p. 103 ; repeated in 
her £ S. for England, 1863, No. 94, Omitting 
the tr). of 1U., v., vi. Her tra. of st. i.-iti., ii. 
were included, slightly altered, in the Pennsyl- 
vania Luth. Ch. Bk., 1888. 

Toe following tare ata> been tr. Into Enp;- 
Uali : — 
U. Haat i«t dm* taahte Jnitlftat. wkittuHft&e. In 



EOEBIK8, CHANDLER 

biaArt-^HdiiaKcn, ism, p. 3i6.No, S3, In ia et., bonded 
on the Qoetiel fur WtfteontW (St, John *fv.), In 
Oleoriue'i singf-OtiKt, I«JI, Wo.f*t, and Font's G, J„ 
cd. 1SBB, hTo, Ha. TDe text tr. Is that Is Buhko's 
Alia, o, A, isig. So. 114. where it taft» with ft, v„ 
" Hoot hat der erone HlmmeleDerr," IV. es " This 
day sent nmh Hie heralds boM." By Miss Cox, In the 
cknttmni't .iSiflKw JfiijjHfinf, Jane 18W, 
z, loh will dan Bum lobta, J*raite and TMan/ct- 



puinii. ,FimiKlalonPa.jiiiv. In Lis Utitr SfmUKher 
Lister, issi, p, 133 nio. 19 In pt. 11.), in II et. oJ 91, 
This form la (it Burg's ff. £., Brmkii, 1N0, No. 1W1. 
In hi» jEfavoKutU; KM, p. S«, No, ft, Wat remote 
it to 6 at. of IS l.i and ot this lorm st, lv,-v(., beginning 
• Mtm loot dlch In der Stills " (icsi. et x,) are InslmM 
to nianv hrmn-booaa, aa the Berlin (?. L. 8.. ed. less, 
Nd, Idle. Tbe tr. from this last t«t le ™ To Thee nil 
bnba aecendeth." In the BritUh Hensti, Iter less, 
p. sea, repeated la Beld'e £taiie Bk., 167S, [J, M.] 

Bitter, Jakob, b. of Samuel Hitter, as> 
aeeaox of the Court of Appeal nnd Byudic o 
the Magdeburg ndmiiiLetratiCHl at Halle, was 
b. at Hnllo, May 29, 1627. After toe ocm- 
pklipn flf his nniveiaitj ooww et WittenbeiKj 
ne was appointed secretary of £be Magdeburg 
«jlminiistmti(!Q, and Jnaticwfy at Laugeadoi f, 
neat We^Beenf«ls. Hu d. at Hnlle, Ang. 14, 
1CH9. (£ocA, ItL 3H2 ; BUtUerfiu- SytmS«gk, 
1S86, p. 2. In thfl latter bia volmne of 1666, 
sea bedoir, ia spoken of aa " not apparently 
hitherto inspected hy any bymnologut." The 
pKaent writer bad however discovered and 
examined it at Wemigwwdo bobm eix mouths 
earlier.) 

miter's hrnmt apbtorftl in. tla tr. at a wort by ttt, 
Daniel Seuntrt fb, itMiii, Nov, 3t, 1STS ; d. at WU- 
tenlMtg. Jiily B, ita7, as Frofewor ot Med^ne). 1"he 
tr, W Bitter Is entitled, A'fiffKeAe umi Sniftomr lur- 
bereft-Hnd PIntsj7rina c^ri'KKctnt Indent wtd rcdijitt 
iSCerbeu; and was pnh. at Leipilf , 1CC6, with a dedica- 
tion, dated Halle, WM. The vwdc eontUBS 13 cbjpteie, 
to each of irhlxh Rltter added a hymn. A number of 
tbeea Hymna m worthy of note, befog diatlngnlsbed by 
Bonclflene* and by Uvtng faith,. Two c&kdc. Into extended 
use in Oemumy, and one Lias been tr. into Bnglisb, 
vlt; — 

Ihr, die il* enal im Ohruts Aoaat, r™* Cirdtf- 
BftVhf. In l«ea l aeabOTe,p.lsa,Ht theeudofobspteria. 
which Is enlitEad, "On J* «ilHng and offie ef a Into 
Chrtgliim." 7nehymiiliinatt.or^],,»odle*vte4leily 
and ouoeiErt dallneBtion eJ tjee aa oppwed to wniiln^ 
Cliristtaiitj-, IncWnl In the Hlmljerg S. D.. tilt, 
tlie Berlin Q. i. S-, sA, 1B63. No. 61ft io. 3V. as : — 

ye V4nr ftavnni'a nam* whs hear. A rood and 
(nil (r, by Miss Con. In ber £sc. £"ifi. /rota (Xu iSn, 
1H«. p, HI. Hei et. I.-HL, vL, we™ included In 
AlfOM'e Pt. A Ifyt., 1644, his row «/ PnA<, lseJ, 
and others. The same cento, slteied. anA heglnniiig, " O 
ye irbo bear your BavSonr'a name," b In JftniiKly, ISA?, 

AnAUtir tr, IS i u O Ja who boar juur SavlwiT 'a 
Mine." By £di^ B. Fbrttltue, 18*3, p. S3, [J, M,] 

Hobarte, Frederick SAU, was b. iq 

Lotnlon in March 1835 ; atndicd nt Univeraity 
Oollege, Ixocdon, and at the Univeraity of 
Edinburgh, adJ COmtnenoed hie ministry hi 
1869 iu Liverpool, when he became tlie Pastor 
of tho EicJunoad Baptist Chapel in that city, 
and in 1SS3 of tho Hillhead Bnptiet Glinrch, 
Gltwgow, a position he still occupies Mr. 
ftab&rta has written some hymns for children, 
three of ivhioti have appeared in PuninM nod 
JtT(rJ«HS for School and Homo, JIS82. Tho first 
linea and respective dates are : — 
1, In the name of Jeem, Effing nit in tfc* fliuiie q/ 

a, (J blesa tne 'Lord, and pialafl. flempaaO^nw f*f 

goi'tsBidvttt, (iaai.) 

3. O Lord, dot Strength »mi fttrog*. 3"i* JfeiD Jesf, 

Ci»»»^ [W. B.S.] 

Bobbins, Chandler, ixa, was h. in 
Lyira, Masflichusethj, Feb. 14, 1810, and edu- 
cated at Harvard College {1829), and tho 
Cambridge Divinity School (1833), In 1833 



BOBBINS, SAMUEL DOWSE 

he became Pastor or the Second [Unitarian] I 
Church, Boston, encceedlng Dr. H. Ware, jun., 
and Balph Waldo Emenon. He leoeived his 
pj). degree from Harvard in 1855, and d. at 
Westport, Massachusetts, Sept. 12, 1832. Dr. 
Bobbins jrab. several prose works. He also 
edited ITS* ^ciiil Bpmn £«A in IS**, and 
Sjwww/Or Chrittian Worthip, 1854. His two 
hymna, " Lo, the day of rest aeclineih" (Jsken- 
inp)i and "While thus [now] Thy throne of 
grace we teak " (Tha Voice ef Goa), appeared 
in Dr. G, & Ellis's P*, * Sjf- /or tts 
Satusiuary, IMS. L. B. Barnes's tune, «' Bed- 
ford Street** m written for the former. 

[F. M. R] 
IWbWJlfl, Samuel Bowse, m.a., brother 
of Dr. Chandler Bobbins, was h. in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, March 7, 181%, and was edu- 
cated for the ministry at the Cambridge 
Divinity School. Id 1835 he became Pwtw 
of the Unitarian congregation la his native 
town, and subsequently held pastorate? at 
Chelsea (I84D), Farmingharu (1859), and 
Wayloiui (180/7), and retired from the lost in 
1873. Four of hia hymns ore given in the 
Boston Unitarian Bjvftn [and Jitjwj Itoofc, 
1888:— 

1. Down tatniiB the twilight drifting, jluuet, 

9. S»Ttinr, irbea Thy bread ire break. Ally Coa- 

3. Ttwra ut, Otodl 1117 Eest. la Thee I dawned. 

i. Thou nit bit morning, God of Light. Daily iftreui. 
6. ThwurtomMisteT, TbouotaodtbeSoil. C*rf*t 

These, together with other hynme and 
poetical pieces, art in Putnam's tfi'nprs <u«2 
Sirtgt, 4c, 1875, and the text of No. 9 is 
revised therein. We ore indebted to Putnam 
tot these details. [J. J,] 

Robert the Second, King of France, 
iurnaraeil " Le Pose " and * Le De'vot," b. circa 
970, ww the s. of Hugh Capet, the first of the 
line of kings that sncoeedefi the Carlovlngiau 
monarche on the French throne. After 
having been associated with hie father in tlio 
government of the kingdom, in 998 ho became 
king in his own right The story of his lift, 
rather than of hia reign, is a sad one; troubles 
both in hie family and without so multiplying 
upon him that it needed all the consolatioa 
that he sought and found in relMon (o enable 
him to bear up against them. Having in 935 
or 996 espousud Bertha, the widow of End**, 
Count of Ghartree, and daughter of Conrad 
the Faoifie, hid cousin in tho fourth degree (a 
marriago at that time strictly forbidden by 
the Eunmn Catholic Church), he was com- 
manded by a decree of Pope Gregory V. lo 
put her away. He was tenderly attached to 
hex, and refused, whereupon he was cxconi- 
muiiicated. This sentence caused the nu- 
happy couple to be abandoned by all their 
courtiers, and even their servants, with tlio 
exception of two of the latter. After living 
together for a while in a state of sore priva- 
tion, nay, almost absolute destitution. Bertha 
WW delivered of a still-bom infant, which was 
represented to Bobert to have been a monster 
with " a head and neck like a goaso." On 
hewing this (for the ibnd husband was but a 
weak and credulous man), Bobert repudiated 
hia wife, who thereupon retired into a nun- 
nery. Subsequently, probably about 1003, 



BOBEET THE SECOND 067 

he married Constance, a daughter of the 
Count of Aries, by whom he hod tour eons 
and two daughters. Much of the misery of 
his later life resulted from this marriage; for 
in addition to the antagonism which existed 
iu their tastes and pursuits, Constance en- 
deavoured to secure the kingdom far ber 
youngest son .Robert, to the exclusion of tho 
third son Henry (Hugh, the eldest, having 
died, and Eudes, tho second, being an idiot), 
and this led to constant domestic broils which 
embittered the gentle king's existence. In 
1021 ha refused (and wisely) the Imperial 
Crown of the House of Saxony, wlien tut 
Italians offered it to him on the death of 
Henry It,, the last of the Saxou Emperors, 
Robert spent much of hia time hi the society 
of monks, assisting in the services of the 
Church, and engaging on pious pilgrimages. 
It was upon ins return fiom one of the latter 
to Some of the principal sanctuaries of France 
that ha was attacked by a finer, to flitch he 
succumbed at Thelun in 1031, iu I ho 60th 
year of his age and tho 34th of liis reign — 
more deeply lamented by his people, to whom 
he had attached himself by the sweetness and 
simplicity of his character, than any other 
king, probably, who ever reigned in France. 
Robert had a great love fur, And skill In, 
church music, and it is not improbable that 
aompotdtionsof his are even ut this day in use in 
the HtrviMS of his Church. [D. 9. W.J 

It has been ^tho custom to speak of King 
Bobert as a hymn-writer. But when the dif- 
ferent authorities Come to specify the pieces 
which he is said to have composed, their state- 
ments ore hopelessly at variance. For tho 
purposes of this article we shall take four 
ancient authorities :— 

(a) ssd (t) la the taiK ato Bittaritns tier eoulm 
d & la Mitict, vol. x., Peris, ileo. pp. !9t-30#. them 
•re extracts "«n clironku Sltbl(nBl"(!i)i end tlu "«t 
cbroblca AJlurict ad ftubuui 19T " (tiy 

(o) In tk* Jtiniat am. t 121, In the BddteUo Uims ti « 

list Of jiUILmiJ* of E«l1Ulu»e, WliltUi ulmUt 13M. Tbdfl 
list Is riven in the Article B6nt&m**(fl.Y)- 

{(T) Wiliiiln DumtdUi (J. HSU) III bin HOiumalc, 
Bk. 1^ hu 1 teedua "Da fxuta seu «*qit«itiL" This 
OffiUrt id two Una. at ttis 14tli ca&t. til the ErltlflL 
SiuBtsum [Add. 18314, f . 'H> b ; Beg. 7 E., ii. t $3. An 
ftSrtlcriHd finer IU. thin either (Aid, 31(133) lms m). 
tixtuunte\y loet the le»f cuntvlnlag thSa vtctiuuj, 

By thc£e four authorities the following 
hymns and sequences are ascribed to Ming 
Bobert:— 

1. Cboriis acivn; T{lerunl«ai. 

1. SininiYilixiUiiiilklimiLeTns. 

3. SuicU Selritue hlell i»bts gntle. 

i. YtT.1 SuKti Sniritua. 

«. Vloluuu! Puchall. 

But of these a only ascribes lo hiin No. 3, 
and doss not mention Nos. 1, % 1 wt 5, while 
6 ascribea lo him Nos. 2 and 3, and does liot 
mention Noo. 1, 4 or o. Oil tho ether hand c 
asoribei to him No. 5, whiiu No. S it ascribes 
to Hfrmannus Contractus, and Jfos. 1, 2, 4 it 
does cot mention at all. Lastly d Dsflribea to 
him Nbs, 1 and 4, hut ascribes Nos. 3 and S to 
Honnonnus Contractus, and dees not mentkiu 
Mo. 5. Taking these In detail, we find No. 1 
is only ascribed to King 1 Robert by o\ and 
seems more probably to be hy Fuibert of 
Chaiires (see p, to, t> No. ft. seems without 
doubt to he by Notker Balbums (see noto ou 
" Sancti Spintus adsit "> For No. 5 teo note 
on * Yietimae PasolialL" No. 2 iu noted at 



968 ROBEBTHIN, ROBERT 

p. wa, il., and, according to the common opin- 
ion, ia there ascribed to Hermannus Contrac- 
tus ; but this ascription is very doubtful, seeing 
that he d, in 1051, and wu only b, in 1019, 
while the Bodleian ms. 775 was written in 
England about 1040, so that the ascription of 
b deserves attention. As to No. 4 the subject 
of authorship is treated moro fully under 
" Veni Sancte Spiritus," but here it may be 
said that Durandua and those ■who followed 
htm ate alone in ascribing it to King Robert, 
for the French tradition was clearly against 
this, e.g. neither a nor b ascribe it to hint, 
and Clichtovaeua in bis MvetAatorima, Park, 
1516*, and tbe A-aguttiman MUtal, printed at 
Paris, 1629 (see Stjiwiitti, Part lij, which may 
be taken to represent the later French tradi- 
tion, while agreeing in Meriting No. 3 in King 
Robert, agree also in treating So. 4 as of un- 
hnowji authorship. To sum up then it »enn 
to us that No. 2 is possibly by King Robert ; 
that No*. S and 4 Are clearly not by him j and 
that bis claim to Nos. 1 and 5 is exceedingly 
doubtful. 

The French chronicles a «a3. o as above 
also ascribe to King Robert other liturgical 
pieces, via. ; — (1) " O Ooustautia mariyrnw," 
(2) "Judaea (0 Judft) et Hiciusalem," (3> 
"Eripe me," (4) " Cunetipotens gonitor" (5) 
u Cornelius centurio," <6) " Pro ffdei mentis," 
(7) "■ Concede nobis quaesumus." These ap- 
pear to be SeiptmtoH6* and Antiphcnt, but 
whether rightly or wrongly aacribed'to Robert 
the present writer cannot say. No. 7 is also 
ascribed to him by ana above. [J. M.] 

Boberthin, Bobert,* of Gerhard Roher- 
thiu or Roberto, pastor at Sftalfeld, in East 
Prussia, was b. at Saalfeld, March 3. loTjO, 
He entered the University of Kohigsberg in 
1617, wont to Leipzig in 161&, and then to 
Strassbnrg in 1620, where he became ac- 
quainted with Martin Opitz. After 162 1 he 
travelled, employed himself as a private tutor, 
4c, lu 16J7 he was appointed secretary to 
the Prussian Court of Appeal at Ko'lligsberg, 
and in 1045 also Chief Secretary and Rath to 
tbe Prussian Administration ^t Konigsberg. 
After a stroke of paralysis on April 6, he d. on 
April 7, 1648 <K. Goedeke's Grundriin, vol. 
iii, 18ST, p. 128 ; Valentin Thiio's Omtionet 
Acifdetntoxe, Konigsbcrg, 1G53, p. 349, drc.), 

RuTMrthla wsj su Juflucutiil, cultured, md lovHtk 
awn. Hft had » great liking for poetrr. **a a libeml 
jwtron of talmt*d ynutluj (e, g r Simou (IsA, m a, 277, L, 1 
•ad wm one *f the JSgrtuideng of tbe XSnlgsberg Potticil 
Union («« p. Js, i,\ m» hrmaa and poems Appeared 
prilxlMUy in H. Albertf* jlrffn, Tie on [y „, f r . 
Into Enjlfih la noted at s. Ms, IL rj, jjj 

Botwrts, Maxttut BnjHm, u4e Blake- 
n»T, daughter of the Hev. J. E. Blakeney, r> n 
Archdeaoon of Sheffield, was b. at Sheffield, 
Deo. 25, 1863 : and married to Samuel Roberta, 
"*s Queen's Tower, Sheffield, Dec. 21, 1850, 
Mrs. Roberts's hymn-writing hat been con- 
fined in local events. Her hymn on the 
Laying of tU Fomdaiim Stone of a Church, 
*Be present. Holy Pothor, To blea» our work 
to-day," was written, in tbe first instance, for 
use at the laying of the foundation-atone of 
the North Transept of the Parish Church of 
Sheffield, J u Jy j 2, ijtgn. ft .^ subsequently 
revised bj Mre. Boberts, and is in frequent 
use in Sheffield end the neighbourhood. 



ROBEBTSOK, WILLIAM BRUCB 

Another hymn, written for tbe laying of the 
foundation atone of St. Ann\ Sheffield, June 
12. 1833, begins, " O Bayiour Christ, Who art 
Thyself." Her hymn for the Queen's Jubilee 
service at the Parish Church of Sheffield was 
" Rise, O British Nation, Hasten no<y to pay." 
Mrs. Roberta's ballad, writing is very sweet 
and tender. [J. J.] 

Robertson, William, .was the e. of 
David Boberfson of Brunton in Fife. After 
fiuiabin" his University eonreehe was licensed 
to preach in 1711. He is said to have been 
assistant to the minister of the Presbyterian 
Chinch of London Wall, London, before his 
settlement, in 1714, as parish Minister of 
Bortbwioh, Midlothian. In 1733 he vas ap- 
pointed minister of Lady Y eaters, Edinburgn, 
and in 1736 of Old Creyfriors, and died at 
Edinburgh, Nov. 16, 1745. He was in 1743 
appointed a member of the Committee of the 
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 
which compiled the Traxtlation* <mkJ Paw* 
phrases of 1745, and is said to hate con- 
tributed 3 paraphrases which, in the 1781 
Collection, are numbered 25, "How few 
receive with cordial faith" {p. 1H, IL), 42, 
" Let not your hearts with anxious thoughts " 
(p. 471, 1.5, and 43 u Yon now must hear my 
voice no more." See Koottish, Tn m s i st ton i And 
Paiaphruta. [J. M] 

Robertaon, WillianL, m.a., eldeat b. of 
the Rev. John Robertson, d.d. p of Cambuilang, 
Lanarkshire, was b- at Camhualang, Jnly 15, 
1620. He studied and graduated M.i. at the 
Univeraity of Glasgow. In 1S43 he became 
pariah minister of Monzlevaird, Perthshire, 
where ho died June % 1864, He wis ap- 
pointed a. member of ihe Hymnal Committee 
Of the Eatablished Church in 1352, 1853, and 
1857, and contributed 2 hymns to their Sys. 
for Public Wortliip, 1861, since included in 
their Scottish Hymnal, 1869, which have at- 
tained considerable popularity, viz., " A little 
child the Saviour came " (Chriftmat), and a 
version of the Te Dshhj*, which begins, " Thee 
God we praise, Thee Lord confess." [J. M] 

BobeitsoD, Willisvm Bnine, nj>,, 
youngest s. of John Robertaon, Oreonhil!, 
near Stirling, was b. at &ie*nhill,May 24, 1820- 
After studying at the University of Glasgow 
(which conferred upon him the degree of d.d. 
in 1869), he became, in 1643, minister 
Trinity U. P. Church, Irvine, Ayrshire, retir- 
ing from tbe active duties of his charge in 
1879. He d. at Bridge of Allan, June 27, 
18S6. In 1870 he was appointed a member 
of the Hymnal Committee cf the V. P. 
Church, and contributed a translation of the 
Dies Jra# (see p. i», 1 Is), as No. 366, to their 
Pretbyterian Hymnal, 1870. It had pre- 
viously appeared as No. 87 in his tfomnmi ; 
or /Jiau-titt *B(J Sjtn«s for CttUdr^a euttt 
Ttwdiert, Glosgow, M. Ogle & Son, w. n, 
(Preface dated Irvine, August, 1854. Con- 
tains 102 for children and 9 tar teachers.) 
He also contributed poems to the Jmt&m 
Mitiicfnaty Magazine at the U. P. Church 
[sneb as "The Deported nigh" (Ntrv, 18B1), 
"The Child's Angel" (May 1B56), "Our 
Lord's Three Weeplngg " (June 1857)], and 
other periudicals. But he was best known as 
one of the most etoqueut Scottish preachers of 



B0BIK80H, CHABLEB S, 

tig time. A considerable number of bis 
hytnns and poems are embodied in the inte- 
resting JAfe of William B. Eoberltoit, D.O* 
Irvine, by James Brown, D.D., Glasgow, 1988. 

[J.M.] 
Robinson, Charles Seymour, n jj., vh 
h. at Bennington, Vermont, March 31, 1829, 
and educated At WiJIiam College, 1619, and 
in theology, at Union Seminary, New York 
(1852-K), aod Princeton (18B3-&5). He be- 
came Presbyterian Pastor at Troy, 1855; ai 
Brooklyn, I860 ; of the American chapel 111 
Paris (France), 1838; and of the Memorial 
Presbyterian Canrch, New York, 1870. Dur- 
ing 1876-77 he was editor of tbe IRuttrated 
Christian Weekly. As an editor of hymu- 
Ibooks be has been most successful. Hiafong* 
of the Chunk were pub. in 1862 : Sawn for tfa 
Sanctuary, 1865 ; Spiritual Songt, 1878; and 
Laud** Domini, A SeUetwn of Spiritual Sang*, 
Antient and JHbdettt, 188*. His Songifor the 
Sanctuary has probably bad a wider sale toon 
any other unofficial American collection of 
any denomination, and the Lauda Domini Is a 
book of great excellence. Dr. Robinson has 
cxnupnged a few hymns, including, " Saviour, 
I follow on " (Faifoisuw Chritt), in bis Songt 
of the ChvreK 1862, and u Isles of tbe South, 
your redemption in hearing " (SfwiKW), in hie 
ttonw jfor the Sandira™, 1865. The latter is 
■ ~ " uWs Chnrch H. Bk^ 1*72, 



BOBINS0N, ROBERT 



Bft9 



given in Dr. Hatfleld f ( 
as " Land* long benighted." 



[F. M. B.] 



Robinson, George Wade, b. at Cork in 
1888, and educated at Trinity College, Dublin, 
and New College, St. John's Wood, London. 
He entered the Congregational Ministry, and 
w*b co-pastor at York street Chapel, Dublin, 
with Dr, Urwick; then pastor at St. John's 
Wood, at Dudley, and at Union Slreet, 
Brighton. He d. at Southampton, Jan. £8, 
1877. He_pub. two vols, of poeml. (1> Song* 
in God's World; (2) Lovelaitd. Hu hymn, 
" Strangers and pilgrims here below " (/«nu 
Oidg\ from his Songs in God's World, is in 
Hewer's Cong, Hy»,, \So%, in an abridged 
form \ and " Weary with my load of sin " 
(ftortriUo*), is in the 187* Svpfi. to the Hete 
Cong. [W. Or. H.] 

Robinson, Eichard Hayes, was b. In 
1842, and educated at King's College, London. 
Taking Holy Order* in iSfiij, he became curate 
ef St Paul's, Pence. He subsequently held 
various charges, including the Octagon Chanel, 
Bath. He became Incumbent of St. Germans, 
Blacklieath, in 186*. His prose works include 
Sermemt m Faith and Duty, 2nd ed., 1873, and 
The Creed tm&theA4t,l9H. Hishymn u Holy 
Father, cheer our way " {Evening), was con- 
tributed to the S. P. C K. Church Hymns, 
1871. It was written In 1869 for the congre- 
gation of St, Paul's, Upper Norwood, and was 
designed to be sung after the 3rd Collect at 
Evening Pmyer. It has passed into several 
collections (sometimes in an altered form), in- 
cluding S, A. & if., 1875, and Thrlng's <M( n 
1883. Bee the latter for the authorized text 
He d. Not. 5, 1892. [J. J.] 

Robinson, Robert, the author of " Come, 
Thou fonnt of every blessing," and " Mighty 
God, while angels bless Thee," m a. at 
Swaffham, in Norfolk, on Sept. 27, 1785 



(usually misgiven, spite of his own authority, 
as Jan. 8), of lowly parentage. Whilst in 
his eighth year the family migrated to Seam- 
ing, m the nme county. He lost his father 
a few years after this removal, Hie widowed 
mother was left in sore straits. Tbe universal 
testimony is that slie was a godly woman, 
and far above her elrcunurtanopa. Her am- 
bition was to see her son a clergyman of the 
Church of England, but poverty forbade, and 
the boy {in his 13th year) was indentured 
in 17*9 to a barber acid hairdresser in Lon- 
don. It was an uncongenial position for 
a bookish and thoughtful lad. His toaster 
found him more given to reading than to his 
profession. Still he appears to have nearly 
completed his apprenticeship when he wss re- 
leased from his indenture*. In 1752 came an 
epocb-oiariring event. Out on a frolic one 
Sunday with like-minded eompeniona, he 
joined with them la sportively rendering a 
fortune-telling old woman drunk and in- 
capable, that they might hear and laugh at 
her predictions concerning them. The poor 
creature told Robinson that he would live to 
see his children and grand-children. This set 
him a-thinking, and he resolved more than 
ever (o " give himself to resdkig." Coinci' 
dentlybewent to hear George Whitefleld. Tlie 
text was St. Matthew iii. 7, and the great 
evangelist's searching sermon on "the wrath 
to come " haunted bin blessedly. He wrote to 
tbe preacher sis years later penitently and 
pathetically. For well nigh three years he 
walked in darkness and fear, but in bis 20th 
year found "peace by believing.'' Hidden 
away on a blank leaf of one of bis books is 
tbe following record of his spiritual experience, 
tbe Latin doubtless having been used to hold 
it modestly private :■— 

"Rutoertuj, ttlxhuliB Mirinjoe Robinson nlhu, 
H»tiH Swuflhiiai, comturu Vvrtoitin, S*tumi 41* S*pt. 
SI, 113*. Beutu Sibtali He, tt*u «, 1(13, jur pr«- 
aimilHKin pottnlem aeartfi WclttaeM. Et gututi* 
dokiribui renoTUlanh dnw *nno«|iH Bept™ ibtola- 
Uoiieia plensin jrstnlumjiue, ptr mngiilnaa prttknuni 
Jan CSibti, inrenl (TpibkUj, Dtauber 19. 17U)cnJ 
Bit bonor «t (fcrit In Mcnlj ucslonun. Amtn." 

Eobinson remained in London until 1758, 
attending assiduously on the ministry of Gill, 
Wesley, and other evangelical preachers. 
Early in tbis year be was invited as a Cal- 
vinjstio Methodist to tbe oversight of » chapel 
at Mildenbsll, Norfolk. Thence be removed 
within the year to Norwich, where he was 
settled over an Independent congregation. In 
1750, having been invited by a Baptist Church 
at Cambridge (afterwards made historically 
fnmous by Bobert Hall, John Foster, and 
others) he accepted ,lhu cull, and preached 
bis first sermon there on Jan. 8, 1739, having 
been previously baptized by immersion. The 
" call" was simply " to supply the pulpit," 
but he soon won such regard and popularity 
that tlia congregation again and 1 again re- 
quested him lo accept the full pastoral charge 
This he acceded in in 1761, alter persuading 
the people to "open communion In 1770 
he commenced his abundant authorship by 
publishing a translation from Baiiriii's ser- 
mons, afterwards completed. In 177* ap- 
peared his masculine and unanswerable 
Anncna, or the Friitcivlw of fhe Late Petf- 
UoKtre to PttrUamttit fir Belief in the matter 



970 



ROBINSON, BOB SET 



of Sttbtoriplion. In 177* was published A 
Plea for the Divinity of out Lord Jems 
Christ in a Pastoral Letter to n Congregation 
of Protestant Viaentert at Cambridge, Dig- 
nitaries anil divines of the Clrorcb of J5ng- 
Jond united with NonoonforiuiHts is landing 
this exceptionally Able, scholarly, awl pan- 
gently written book. la 1777 followed his 
ffistorif and Jfj/uferj o/ Good ^Vi'doy- The 
former work brought him urgent Invitations 
to eator the minmry of the Church of Eng- 
land, but ho never faltered in bis Konoon- 
formity, In 176 1 lie was aaked by the Baptists 
of Londtfi to prepare a kistory ™ tbeto branch 
of the Christian Church. This resulted, in 
1790, in bis History of BaqHtm and Baptist*, 
and in 1792, in hie ,Ebel«wt»oaf Be&arehet. 
Other theological works are included in the 
several collective editions of bis writings. Ho 
was prematurely worn out He retired ui 1760 
to Birmingham, where he woe somehow 
brought into contact with Dr. Fri&stley, and 
Unitarians have made muohof this, on exceed- 
ingly slender grounds. He d. June 9, 1790. 
His Life ha* been fully written by Dyer and 
by William Hobinson respectively, both with 
ft bias against orthodoxy. His three changes 
of ecclesiastical relationship show that he was 
somewhat unstable and impulrivsi- Bis hymns 
ore tern yet melodious, evangelical but not 
sentimental, and on the whole well wrought 
Hia prose has all, more or leas of the trtyfopot 
xu] iySotitridartiaw, that vehement and en- 
thnsuistio glow of passion that belongs to the 
orator. (Cf. Dyer and Robinson na above, and 
Gadaby'e flfonwtrs of Utpim-Writer* (3rd ed -> 
1861 ) : Belabor 8 Historioai Sketches ofSymm ; 
Miller s Singers and Song* of the Church ; 
Flower's Awkwi'i llneeli WerJtt; Annual 
Review, 1805, p. 4M ; EeUsdis Besietc, Sept, 
18G1. [A. B. Gt.J 

Eobinaon, Robert, was b. in London in 
1614, and educated for the Congregational 
ministry at Highbury College, London. He 
wus pastor successively at Chatteris, Lnton, 
and York Boad Ohapel, Lambeth, London. 
From 18GB to 1684 be was Home Secretary of 
the Loudon Missionary Society. He d. at 
New Cross, Jan. 10, 1867. His hymns were 
mainly composed for Sunday School Anni- 
versaries at Luton and York Road Chapel. 
They include the following, which have passed 
Into C. IL:— 



Written for 



I. Beauteous uuui on earth apwur. l 
lie Sunday a. AnnlYerauy at Luton, in 1950. 

S. Eur, Qfukiu Ged, and (rum Thy Throne, 
Written f or the S. a A. at Luton. 1951. 

8, I kyrt Thy house, my Lord, aylliag. Written 

for the K, E. A., Luton, 195S, 

4. Tvb been in nhw rf jJbaanra, Written for tbe 
8. 3. A. at Yuri End Chapel, 1841. 

J. Haw whOe my heart iBJeLoee, Written in ism. 
Mijor'e Hn* »/ Fyattt, 1971. 

s. Oju* nut wttii Joysua greetinr. Written in 
less. In Major's alt. «/>misc ln7l. 

T. The *t*udnt( rfma* »f S.Wwtti belli. Vrlttoi 
fcc tLe B. S. A. M LutAB. 1S«. 

1. riui la luly^A*<ftwi Written In 1S6S. In 
Major's Air. tfFroiit, 1671. 

5. WLil* v* im Bvft «n niriig. Written in IMS. 
In MnJuf'iBi.fjj'iTtttrt, leu. 

10, Ttttn pis roliiDg, lift li wuUiiff , 'Wiittra £nr 
iLe 3. 8. A, it Lufcm, 1949. 

All these hymns are for children, nud ore 
specially adapted to annivoreary servioes, 
Moat of them ate in Major's J)Jt. of FraUefor 



BOOK OF AGES 

Bom md Schootf 1671 ; and the Bil™ Btwet 
8wtotySdtolar'e6oriipGitioii l l$Sib. [W.G.H] 

Book of ages, cleft for me. A.X.Tpp- 
lady. {Pataontide.'] In the October number 
of the UOHkI Magazine, 1775^ in an article on 
" Life a Journey," and signed jHhmww* (one 
of Tunlady's signatnreg}, the following occuij 
at p. *74 :— 

"Yet. If joq fall, be bumbled;. but <Jo not despair. 
Ft*y >Tr9Ii t« God. wbo Is «U« to niK jtm up, and to 
*W j<m on yosr fiet icain. Look to tfia btocd cf tba 
coraiiaiit > sod bj to tbe Laid, fhoa the rtflptb of yomt 
bcart. 

fioe* »/ Jff«, eltftfw nu, 

Jbui, J to iAi/auti*jin^!s(j 

with ik, &wiowr, or J (at 

Hak« Uuwe mida of tba Apulia, joar motto : 'P*r- 

plaAd, but not la tMopoir ; cast down, lilt not de- 

Btroyei'" 

S. In the Gwjpei jlfo^wAw far March, 177ft 
(of whioh Toplady was then the editor), there 
appeared a peculiar article entitled, A remark- 
able CafaUatiom Inttodiwed kw*, for the 
take of the spiritual Improvement subjoined. 
Questions anaAnmsert, relative to the National 
Vtti. The object and end of this " Oalonla- 
tion " will ix gtkthered from the closing ques- 
tions alul answers : — 

<l* t. How doth tba goTMimieirt raise tliia Istarut 
ystrlyE 

A. By taxing thoaa who lant the principal, awl 
otbeiB. 

q. 9. Wbea wUl tbe goTerament be able to pay tin 
principal? 

A. vTbea there Is more money La England's traisury 
*lmie,tban tbenlaat pnamt inali Eihotb. 

q. 10. And wimn will fJ«!( be i 

A. Htvar. 

This article is signed ■* J. F." Immediately 
underneath, the eabjeet is eontinued as a 
Spiritual improvement of the foregoing: By 
another Band. The pjm of this " Improve- 
ment " is to ascortuu haw many sins " each of 
the human race" is guilty of "supposing a 

Eereon was to break the law (1) but once in 2i 
ours" ; (£) twice in the tame time ; (3) onae in 
every hour i (4) oitee in every minute; (6} ontst 
in every second. As this last is the climax, 
wo will give the question and the answer, 

{J. Ma/ wt not pmceed abuadautl]- further yetf 
Sixty SKUtdB gu to l mlaute. Hew, bb ire uerer. in tbe 
present life, nu ta tbe mark of I^b^I Banctlty d Is It TMft 
fairly infarriblft, tllat DDT fill multiply with, trary 
aecood At our Bublunary dmaJimia ? 

A. Tia too true. And in tkit vl*«f nf the matter, 
our dreodfnll HMOdDt standi *» follotra,— At ten )*4hi 
old, each of us ia chargablo wltli 31b wiUiuns, »nd 30 
thousand sins.— At tmtntp. with 630 mliilosa, and 730 
thousand. — At thirty, with Me millions, and en tbou- 
9lD<l,— At/*rty, with issi rallVtoaa, MO thousand.— At 
//'?■ with 1M6 millions, and son thonflaml.— At <fa(j/, 
wttb IS): lulUluns, and taotboDjaud,— At Ktwilj, with 
hot million*, awl sa» Uunwand.— At «^tfy with S6K 

millions, S&Q tbouBfrnd. 

p. Wbfin shall WJt be able ta pay off thl* Imnurnse 
debt? 

A. N«ver. .... 

fl. TYlll not divine goodness eoiHjMUnd tut tbe debt, 
by accepting Jut than we awe? 

A. IiapoBalble. . . . , 

Notwithstanding this frightful helplessness, 
there is hope, as the answer, a little further 
on, makes clear : — 

A. " CbTlut hsth redeemed us front tbe enrse of the 
Ij»iri being made a curse for m" Gal, 111. 13,— This, 
This, will not only (ouBitr-lmltEOi, but Infinitely ut*.T- 
btlaiKO, all tbe sins of the vedli believing work. 

Questions and Answers follow, all of which 
art: framed to support Toplody's Oalviuistio 
cretd, The last answer ig ; — 



BOOK OF AGES 

A. " Wt-an only admire and ties* tbe Fai-ekk, for 
electing no in Christ, and tor laying on Him the inlqul- 
U» of «* all :— the Bon, (or taking our nature and mr 
debla upon iflmjeif, md bur tint complete righteousness 
ind aacritice, whereby lie redeemed Ms mystical Israel 
torn all their atns;-aad tbe co^uslfylrll, tor causing 
oa (la nmTenlon) to feel our need of Chrlel, for In- 
qiinag no with filth to emhnee him, for vUitisrf ot 
with til tweet consolation* by Bheddtmr abroad bis Iotb 
In am hearts, for seeling ua to the day of Oirtotj md Sir 
making D> to walk In ihsjMth of bio commandineiits. 

" A living and dying Puru /sr tAe Holiest fit- 
xiEYXsut (m World. 

3. 
" Book of Ages, cleft tor m*. 
Let me hide myself In Thee I 
Let tbe Water end the Blood. 
From thy riyen Elds -which ftow'd. 
Be of Stn the dcmhht Cure, 
Cleanse me from its Guilt end Pow'r. 

a. 
" Hot the hbonp of my hands 

Can fulfill toy Law's demands t 
" Could Tny ual no respite know, 

Contd nur taais (onnr flow. 

All for Bin could not atone ; 

Thou must aire, and Than alone I 

3. 
" Nothing In my hand I bring ; 
Simply to thy Cross I dlngt 
Nskfti, «me to Thee forDreaoi 
llelploss, look to T&ee Tor grace ; 
Fold, I to tile fountain fly : 
Wash me, SaTlour, or I die I 

a, 
» Whilst I draw this fluetlng breath— 
When my eye-strings break pi death— 
When I b«k through tracts unknown — 
8m Thee on thy Judgment-Throne — 
ltoon of ares, dell »r me, 
Let me hl& myself In Thee [— A. T." 

8. In hia JF(. 4 Hyi., 1776, Ko. 337, this text 
wag repeated as " A Prayer, living and dying," 
with the changes given In Italics in et, iv. 

" trjti!* I di*w this Betting breath. 
Wlien my ey*-strfngs break In death, 
When I Bom (O mt/rld* unknown. 
See Thee on Toy jndpnenl throne; 
Hock of Ages, eWX for me. 
Lei me hide in/self If Thee. 1 * 

In tracing out the- subsequent history of 
thin hymn we shall deal with its Text, its Pie, 
its Trnnifcii'sng, and lis JHerfls o»nJ Uiefttlaei*. 

4, Tfce Jtat. In the abore quotations we 
have Toplndy's original, and his reYteed text 
Of these we must us the latter as that which 
ho regarded as authorised, and indicate sub- 
sconent changes by that standard alone. 
These changes include: — 

(1-) The change of si iii. 1* 2 from " Simply 
to Thy Cross, ±c." to "Simple to Thy Cro*9, 
Ac," first appeared in Walter Row's ed. of 
Tirolady's Ps. and BjWi, 17&7. 

C&) " Bock of ages shelter me," This was 
given in Bippon'a Bap. Selection, 1787, and 
others. 

(3,) Id the 181* ed. of Kowlimd Hill's CoK. 
^/ JPs. «nd JFjp.. No. Ill, at. i.-iii. are given 
as * Smitten on th' accused tree " 

(4.) The most important raarcauKenieiit of 
the teit, and that which has gained as (Treat 
if not a grwter Iwld upoa the public mind 
than tbe oijb^dpJ, is that made by T. CotterilL, 
and included In hie &1. of Pi. & Hys., 181*. 
Thia reads (tbe itatlei Indicate the elterfttioae 
mode by Cotteriti) :— 

1. " Beck, of aces t cleft toe met 
Let me hue nnyealfin Thee s 
Let the wateT and the hlood, 
¥rem Thy wontnitcJ elds which SowM, 

Be of «in tbe double cure; 
anK/rem Krai*, and vtabt uuptm. 



BOCK OF AGES 97 1 

a, " Sttmid my Iut» for ever Bow, 
,ai/jiiH my nal no languor luunr, 
TAit for am could not atona i 
Thou must aeve, and Thon slotU) 
In sty Jiowi no f>ri« 1 bring. 
Simply to Thy cross I ding. 

S. " While I draw ttt» fleeting breilli. 
When mine eyeifda e!*it in duth , 
When I rf« to wwlda unknown, 
Jlfld bo*dH Jlw o» ray throne, 
Boelcofaaeal cltftftfnul 
Let nu hide myetlf In Tnae." 

(5.) In the 8th ed. «f his Ed. of Pa. d; Hvt., 
1819, Cotterill repented this text with fibo 
change in at. i,l. 4, from " From Thy wonnded 
Side which flow'd," to "From Thy eidV, a 
healing flood." Thin text tvus repeated in J. 
Montgomery's Chrittittn Ftalmitt, 1825, and 
is found in a large number of hymn-books 
both old and now. 

(6.) The next important obange wan that 
made in the 1830 Supplement to tbe Wa. If. 
Sk. This text is;— 

St,i, ftttert^ofms.aeahove. 

St. If. MttrtU't. is IS. with 1. 1. "OmU my bsra," 
&«. (ItatoJj) ; l. i « (VntW my Mil," &e. (rtaJaiiy) : 
1. 3, "fVKibrstn,"*w. 

St. lit. tWfcrdJ't, lais, with 1. i, " When my tutt 
lAoJt close nidettli.'' 

Tlii» is the recognised HetbodLat veiakm of 
the LymTi in Taoat Erjplifth-B.pee.king ooqntric-fl. 

<70 In I83C another Tcreion was given 
by VS. J. Hall in tile M#re E, Sit,, Ho. % M, 
follows :~ 

St. I. CbtttriU, of leik 

St. II. « JSffif HapiSfjw febring, 
Only to Thy cwa» I clinfii 
should my tears for ever now, 
Aould my seal no langnor know, 
All lor Bin could not atone ( 
Thou must save, and Tbmi alone," 

St. 111. fhtttrtU, IBIS, with ]. *, " Sss Thee oh TSj/ 
ftulffaunl throne" {Ityfiwiji). 

This text is repeated in TAs Jffisw Jfi'fro 
Hjrmnal, 1875. 

(8.) The crucial line of the original, " 'When 
my eye-striup break in dtitttlj,* 1 Las beau 
altered aa : — 

1. •* When h*u eydidt dMt In tkath." OiUbkiII, 
191S, as above. 

a. '* When my qua tAal! doM la duth, 1 * ftu. H. 
Air., lead, as ahows. 

8. " When my ttifi-alrina! break In Aettfu" Wll- 
Kams's and Boden'e QiU., lam. 

4. •■ When my ^yeliiU (iitl: in death," J, Ksmt*- 
Uwnw'a f». <e J^ft., 1810. 

(©.) Other changes in the text of the hymn 
might be indicated : but being of minor im- 
portance nothing will h* gained by tlielr enu- 
meration. 

5, ltt Utc From 1770 1o 1810 this hymn 
La found in a very limited number of hymn* 
booie- After that dato tlie interest tlioroin 
grew rapidly until e,t the present tune it it 
omitted from no liymn-hook of merit in the 
English language. Until Bii B. Palmer'a 
(Lord Belborno) Tigorou* protest at tho 
Church Congress at York in 1S68, most of the 
altered texts as given above were in oonunon 
nae. Since then in most new bymn-hooaa Top- 
lady's authorised text from Ilia Pa. & Hys., 
1776, has been adopted, 

G- Tramialvms. In translating this hyiim 
into other languages (and these translations 
ore very numerous and in many lnngnngea), 
the text used lina varied with the materials in 
the hands of the trftnalatar, eome taiing the 
text direct from Toplndy, eome from Cotterill, 
and others from tlie We*. H. Bk., or oth« 



fl72 



RODIGAST, SAMUEL 



sources. Tits following are tie first lines of 
tome versions in Latin :— 

(1.) " Jeana, pre mt perfcratua." By W. E. Glad- 
stone, made In litis, Bad pnb. In 3¥<lNjaitfoiu fry Lcrrd 
fylfeUen, and (as JtbU Han. W. S, ttlarfiione. liond 
]£til, This Is from loplady'a tent. 

(»») - Mihi ftw, Hupea dlT*." By C, I- Bliek, in 
BiK(4's Annotated ed. of .ff, A * Jf,» 16(7. Tils la 
ftvmthe Jr. J, it, 4f. last text. 

(3J "0 rupee (eternal mlbl parensta, Teccndar." 

2r ft. Blngtem tnm Toplsdy'B foil lent. slightly 
tend. In Wt IfrBne, (*:■**« Lufmn, 1911, 

(4,) "JBiipea oevQDi flu* quondam." By BL M. 
Mtcglll. tnm Teplady'a (nil text, in Ilia ■SUnffJ o/ (A* 
CTiruiuw rtwd awl £(ft, IMS. 

(6.) "SaKnlwum, pro nw flssa. 1 * By 0. S. Hodges, 
bam. tin JZ ; A. A X, tat, So all flj CbicnJu fo!dHfl(, 
1674. 

<B.) "Bnpes Scculnrnm, It." By SihuT, Rand, In 
BumgD'A Baptitt Bpmn Writtrt, IBM. 

7. MtrUt and Viefulntit. The merits of 
this hymn are of 4 Teiy high order whether 
regarded as a sacred lyric, otm metrical 
epitome of certfdn well-known passages of 
Holy Scripture. The influence which it has 
h*4 upon the minds of men, especially amount 
the more learned, has been very considerable. 
The fact that it was quoted by and gave great 
consolation to the lute Prince Consort in hia 
last illness ia well known. This is one, how- 
aver, of nnnierons instances of more than 
ordinary importance, where it has been a stay 
find coiufort in daya of peril, and in tbo hour 
of death. Wo other English hymn can bo 
named which has laid so broad and firm a 
grasp npon the English-speaking world, 

[J. J.J 

Bodigaat, Samuel, g. of Johann Eodi- 
gaat, pastor at GrrBben neat Jena, was b. at 
Groben Oct 19, 1M&. He entered the Uni- 
versity of Jena in lSfsfi (m.a. 167 lj, and was 
in 167{t appointed adjunct of the philosophies] 
faculty. In 1680 he beenme eonrector of the 
Greyftlws GymnftEiniD at Berlin, While in 
Uiisj position lie refused the offers of a pro- 
fessorship at Jena and tbe Rectorships of the 
Schools at Sbade and Stmlsutod. Finally, in 
169S, he became rector of the Gieyfriars 
Gymnasium, and held thia pott till his death. 
His tomhstone in the Kloster-Kirehe in Berlin 
says he d. " die liix. Mart. &. UDOCvni . . . 
tetatts anno Hi." (KoA, iii. 430; Gosdeke's 
Gnuidritit, iii. 1S87, p. £91 ; MS. from Dr. Kohl 
of the Gteyfiiara Gymnasium, Sin.). Two 
hymns have been ascribed to him, one of 
which has passed into English, vis, i — 

Tu Ctott that das iat wuhlgatbu, St blettit 
futeat atin Willi. Cross and Consolation, This 
hymn is one of the Hist rant. It is founded on 
Dent. inii. 4, and has reminiscences of an older 
hymn by Altebburg (p, K, U) beginning with 
the sunt first lint. Weizei, ii. 39(5, says It was 
written in 1675, while Rodigast was at Jena, for 
hia sick friend Severus GostorinS} precentor 
{cantor) there, nod set to music by Uastorius. 
It appear* in tne //(rn»owr#cfo Q, B., GiJttingM, 
167E, u No. 13 in the Appendix, find is in B st. 
of 8 1. Iccluded in the Schlouiicgtn-C, P,, 
1631, and most receat col lee Lions, e.g^ as 
No. 903 in the Berlin Q. L. 8., ed. 1663. It 
Was, says AscA, riii, 49&, the favonrite liymn 
of Friedrich Wilhelm 111. of E^usaia, and by his 
command wit* performed at his funeral on June 
11, 1840. 

Tbe beautiful melody, clveti fp the C. B.forJfaglsTid, 
appwn in tbe NBinl»rf G. P., lAso (not in tbe to, d 



BOH, JOHANN 

IMeOt Jfo. 13SC C. von Wlnterhld (Am;. ESrAm- 
attang,\\.p. af\ Hnikuwedtatt Una nt net thaiaelodj 
by tiietftribB, but ttjiI bf Johann Pmcbslhftt of SlmtujJ, 
who wm in 16T& flmnirt tt ISUertMEh, and tnnA 1BTS 
to 1E9D nihilist «t ErfuH, in Tiwrbigfe, and who had 
Mt it in motett fwm about Ken, 

Tha tti. ia 0, IT, aj» ; — ■ 

1. T£i* will of Aod i» *nly p»d. By A, 1. 
Russell, omitting it. ir.-TJ., as No. 234 in his 
P*. * flyt. t 1851. 

I. 'Whatt'ar my Otd ccdahu la right, HIi vul 
ta aret just A good end full tr. hy Miss Wink- 
Worth ia her Lyra Oer^ Sad Ser., 1858, p. 193. 
fiepeated in full In Bp. Kyle's flrff. f I860, and 
R. T. Pmet's Orft, 1869. Abridgid In Dr/ 
Martineiiu'j) jBjbijjl!, &c 1873, Herder's Ctmg. 
Hi/^, 1884, the Amer. Epiu. if^., 1871, &c 

t. WkaWer my Ood ordauu is rijht, Solr His 
will abldatLt! A very rond (i^ omitting it. it., 
and based on her 18&8 version, by Hisi Wiuk- 
worth in ber Q. B. far JSitghpid, 15&3, No. 135. 
Repeated, emitting et. iii. in the Scottish Hymrurt, 
1869, Snepp'a ^on^s o/ O. and 0., 1871, the 
Canadian I'resb. /f. fit, 1880, snd others. 

*. What Qti lou, that la lifbilr dma, AUwlse. 
By Mie^t Borthwiek, of st. L, iv.-ni., as So. 23 5 
\a Dr. I'agenstacher's Coll, 1864. 

(. Whsti'ir Dot 1m ii pwd and richt, A good 
but free tr, by E. Massie in hia Sacral Odes, 
1853, p. 127. Repeated, omittine; the tr. of 
it, T. in J. L. Porter's Coif., 187B. 

*, Wtmto'w (lod iata Is riffarlj- ikn*, A J«n] 
tr., omitting sL iii., it., as No. 101 in the lorox 
/f^rttrtai, 1871. 

T. What tied duo, ntr will is doae. By 
E, Urirtienwett, omitting st. it., aa No. 408 in 
tbe Ohio Lath. Hj/mnui, 1880. 

B. WLate'er 0<d dctl is rlrhtly none, Xiabtens. 
In full by |l, L. Haatineli, as No. Tl'S in his 
Sengi of Pilgrana$e, 188B. 

nUur tn. an : — 

(1) " What, Than my Oed fat, all's well done." In 
the Sujjd. in Ctr. r'svlmodj/, ai.. 116S, p. SI. (a) 
" Wh.laV <Joi does la fitly dona." Uj- lit, B. Jflftr, 
1H4I (1816, p, is.y. (a) *■ What Cod hadidone is nl«ly 
done." Dj J. S. Stsllj-bmss, In tbe tonic SOffa ito- 
ptrttff JnV, l&BT. fi) '• Wbat tied doth is divinely 
done." Br Miaa Ihirlinsnani, In tbe HHtuh HtwUi, 
Feb. ISiG, p. alS, Jml Qeln'a Fruits Hook, 18T1 (.1J 
"All thai Qod dMS ll rightly done."* Ut J. J). Burnt, 
19««. p, US. <() « Whit «o3 uolh. ft Is 111 well done* 
By IT, L, Itrotttixplam, ISTO.p, 1*1. [J. M.] 

Itoh, Johaim, was a natin; of DomnJCbita 
near Leitmeritz, in Bohemia. Boh was hia 
name in Bohemian, but when ho wroto in 
Latin be styled himself Coriiit, and in German 
0om- In 1518 ho was ordained priest and 
appointed preacher to the Bohemian Brethren's 
ooromnnity at Jnngbnnzlan, in Bohemia. At 
the Synod of Braadois, in S5ep, 1S29, he was 
chosen ns one of the three Seniors of the Unity, 
Finally, at the Synod of Braiideis, in April 
1532, no was appointed Bishop, and htld this 
post till his death, at Jungbumlau, Fob. 11, 
1547, (ffft-ft, ii. 1H ; WtKhernagtil, i. p. 727, 
Ice.) 

Hob ww the alitor at the £trt*r*i<m H, fik. of IB41, 
and la ssld to bire written i number oJ liymns In Vbs 
Bohemian lingiugt, hut the ed, vl issi only gives we 
with bis name He also edited tba second German 
byisEL-hoob of tbe Brethren. »la„ Bin Grteiigbti& der 
HrHftrr iflii /fthemtn und Kfilimi, Hflrnberg, ISU ) 
■nil seems to have been antnor or trunelati* of all, or 
nearly #H, of the 33 hymn* tbero added. Another hymn 
("Q heil1|rer Viler, ftttlger Herr"> in alao Kiven with 
hia uitne In the Kirthagtittta, isso, (See ftirther nbder 
Bobemian Hyuaody, pa. 1I3-1W, and Weiaae, at,) A 
eaMbkntnk usmher M Seu'i bynu* pmW*d Into tha 



ROMAN DATHOLIO HYMNODY 

Lutheran hymn-boolce oT the letb mi lllli centniles, 
anil Into ibe juration S. SSa. of th* istb tent, Rutin 
curtimaty in the laet JftiHttititt A ft. (tlift Ktttiui 
PHttnfitofh, (foidail, 1B7D), kk name Is not found b Urn 

fisl<jr*oU»rs, 

Those of Roll's hymns whlek have been Jr. 
into English are ; — 

L QottasBtlmlit komiim. Christinas. In 1944, 
as above, and thence in Wacierrutgef, iii. p. 350, 
in 9 st. of 6 1. The heading "Ave Hiersrchia" 
refer* to the melody, for it is not a If, from the 
Lfltiii. iDcladed in V. BabttV G. B., Leipzig 
155^ md recently id the Vhv. X. fi, 1851, 
Ho, S, Strangely snduch thii fine bynaa waj 
emitted from the Sircneiufesea/f at 1566 and 
later «ds, J and though it was included in the 
Jftrrnhat G. S., 17SS, and ths SrHJer G. £., 
1778, it hta again betn omitted from the Kldnea 
ft S. t 1870. IV h-i. are :— 

L L*J Icon highest bum. A free jr. of st 
i.-iii., Ti., by A. T. Russell, as No. 27 in his Ps, £ 
fljfs., 1851, Included, literal, jo Kennedy, lHiji, 

1. Oaoa H» aaaa* In Uesatag. A pood fi>, of 
at, i,-iii., v., ii,, by Hiss Wink worth, in her 
C B.fof Esglawl, 18G3, No, 26. Included in 
J, Robinson's Coil., l$f>&, and the Pennsy Ivania 

8. Oti't San ones amandins;, This is No. 249 
Lnpt. i. of tha Moravian H. Bk., 1754, 

U. Bttruhtn wit hem n Utttt JiitL Sutttr. i«4 
as above, and in WSjetannyiel, ill. p. 36S, in M el. of 
si. 3V. m:~ OV'Tlie Saviour Jesus, Tiiend of Man." 
Ae No. 333 in pt. L. of tb« aaraufan ft. JJt, list. 'f bis 
le nun the recast "Dei aelgtt Helland, Jesus Cbrttt" 
(based on IL-v.), u Ho. 1816 In Jjjpaidtx xU. c. 1T4B, 
to the fkffuhut A. £., 113*. 

iii. Ei. atarfcBr Heut iet wm lEntnni {ftTtrtauii. 
1A44 Aft iIhtie, and in lVacXKtria^of, Iii, p, 3A2, ixi JB ft, 
of 4 1. jv, h (I) "God took one nature upon Him (fit. 
fii.>t » Ha, Ml In pt 1, of the Hot avian S. fl*,. iTst. 

n ■ Lob Oott giant Bit singu, tarfifton CAutc*. 
1544 u show, and la iraalmitti^el, lil. p. MS. In 9 at. 
of 8 1. In tlia Xirthaifaeng. IB**, two «1. were In- 
serted betwres III. ttid iv. Till form, in 11 tt, le No. 
K3 In the CTio, £. J„ I«II. In tbo JtrHder (f, />.. ITT*. 
No. 1414, Is * cento In J tt. (from (k. vi.. vlil., Ix. of (be 
1944. in4 Iv. of the ISM). tegtmiliLg " Lute dlcb duioli 
nkhls credhiwkeii," ind this fcrm bu be*n tr, qi " 
be not thou dlamufed, Belktlag little biml." as Ifo, SH 
In th* Moravia* H. Bk., 18M, 

t. llonnk, Ura bat Mm. Pottittitii*. 1H4 
u ihiTn, and In WhctcnutgiL, HL, p. SSI, In 34 el. of 
41. At p, 1ST in IMS DicttoMTT It h muked M » fr. 
fnm tbs BobBmlaD. Tie Euclnh Tnilon is « I am thj 
Lonl and Ood" («t. li.), us Ho. «t, fa pt. i. of the 
Jnmnio* K M„ 1164. [J, M.] 

Roman Catholic Hymnody, EngllBlL 
1. It is ooIt dining the tnet thirty or forty 
yeau tfabt tbfl atterjtloa of Eonmn Catholics 
id Great Britain haa become widely awakened 
to the ffubject of congregational Ringing, nod 
the treasures of hynmody in their own Office 
BoaJu. There is even now room for much 
further diffusion of knowledge (m the matter, 
Onjii£dering how rnnny nre the hymn« of ain- 
fitutr power and beauty, veacnable, slsa 
through their long me, vhich are ooniained 
in the Sonuui JtFtraaX, (ffiaes, and Breviary, it 
u fiurpriaing that Komsa Cktbolic poeta did 
not, long .befbie the preaent oeniuiy, relidcr 
them more frequently into English veree. 

2. The history of Bocaan Oathollfl HymDody 
in Great Britain ia beset with difficulties, 
fttiBing from the rarity of tbft earlier books in 
which the little that was done at ths first 
5» fbqqd, and from the nnsysteniniic u«e 
of the facts tbnt ore known. In the stormy 



ROMAN CATHOLIC HYMKODY 973 

dave of Elizabeth and Jumea 1, when the 
wfcbmtiua of Divine Service according to the 
Bomm U*e expened both priest and worship* 
per io the Beverest penalties, it was not to be 
eipectefl that Boman Catholic Bymnody 
could possibly flourish. Sotnetidng, bowefer, 
was done. "Jerusalem, my happy home" 
(p. no, i.), and eomo noteworthy bymDB nnd 
carols found amongst the poems of Robert 
Southwell, date front that period. Southwell, 
an English Jesuit, was born in Norfolk in 
1560, and was hanged, drawn and quartered 
under » chaise of construe live treason against 
Queen Elfiaheth in 1S05. He was the author 
of nameTOus semtentioiui poems, an edition of 
which wib published in London in 1856 ; 
and more recently a crilieal and more complete 
edition has been privately printed by lit. 
Grot&rt. His " New Prince, new Pomp," is a 
:ood specimen of his vunse (p, JI», ii,). It 



" Btlmld i silly, tendw Bah* 
In ftaiilBJ lrfpler niglit," 

It is fit to be sung as a Christmas hymn, 
and is fi*T beyond much of the sacred poetry 
of Elizabeth's time. His translation of 
the " Lauda SLon " ia good, and the earliest 
translation of that hymn into English yet 
known, 

3. On the disperelim of the English Roman 
Catholics, and their settlement at Antwerp and 
Bnu»els, at Paris «3d Rheims, and at Bt 
Omer*B nnd Rome, they began to issue books 
of devotion, and fra. from the Latiq with ver- 
sions of the Old Church hymns. These tr». of 
the Primer were frequently reprinted, TJmt 
at Antwerp, for instaucc, was issued in 1599, 
lfiM, 1650, and. 1858, with the Preface signed 
" fi. V." These initials are probably those of 
Robert Yerstegun, o well-known printer then 
at work at Antwerp, and the author of Us 
Restitution of JMtttyed InitUigtiuse, and a me> 
trical vtriiou of tlie Seven Penitential Ptalmt, 
1601, A Mechlin ad. of 1G15, reprinted at 
St. Oroei, 1019, and, again (plooe not given), 
(n 1632, contained versioiu poaaibly by Wililam 
Drumuiond. William Hnbington wrote nothing 
that can be called a hymn. Two anonymous 
ire., however, of Cardinal Doviiaai'i AH peren* 
his vitas ftmtem, one issued in Paris in 1631 m 
a tr. of St. Augustine's JHimtwi, and the second 
in a r>. of the Con/eaiont, 1679, show that there 
was no lack of power or poetic genius amongst 
the Roman Catholics of that period, The fol- 
lowing are specimens frvtn each : — 

1451, 
" T6e MeM" *»s ffttn, ihe Plants do tlirirt, 
The bItU»1d« vhb Honey l™; 
From $jHoe«, Odoors, and from aiuni 

Jl«t pretjoui Liquors {rron : 
Frwii" taj* upon whole Woods of Trees : 
And thtj eiill still do so. 

'■ Th* Geiaon le not ch-ng'd fct null 

Both Ban end Moon m bti(tlil, 
Tht Lamb at tali fait City is 

T/h»t clfir, Immortal Lisht, 
Win™ Yitmeatt makes ttercal Dij 

Vbich ntto ends In MlBtt." 

1S19. 
" Hers VTnfitiMit*, 8plc«, Liqtmrs offw 
Sccnte atoauUtal i 
Slill-tKirioe trees em)i opplea proHifr 

As know nor cause no F-1L 
Here ComftaldB SH^, tb^re meadowa £Vttd, 
Hoohj strttms glide betwean. 



$74 ROMAN CATHOLIC HYMNODY 

'* JTo TKyliiE Moon, not starry [rims 

DivsraifihM (ha Vmi; 
Hot flan, Imttlie tll-gtorloiia Lunlw 

urfage light to tbtt blest sphere : 
Uroatung light, tor ever brlgbt, 
M&ke* diy without t night. 

The passionate and melodious hymns of 
Biebard Craahaw (q-v.) ore hardly fitted for 
congregational use, Ho translated, amid a 
variety of other pieces, tbo ■' Lands, Bloti " 
of St Thomas Aquinas j and imitated, with 
seme success, the mellifluous versification of 
(he original. Austin's hymns [see ZnffiWi 
HTnoMir, Bulj, § x.] were published in ids 
Devotions, in 1668, and in 1372,1634, And two 
edition? in 1683. 'Although these hymns ore 
of some merit, they are used chiefly outside 
of Austin's own communion, and in the form 
handed down by Dorrington and Hickes. 

4. John Dryden, who in common with Cra- 
ahaw and Austin, was originally a member of 
the Church of England, was the most noted of 
a group of translator* who in the FrimSr) of 
the seventeenth century made translations of 
the Latin hymns from the Beformed Roman 
Breviary form of 1G32. Some of these trans- 
lations am still found in a few Boman 
Catholic manuals and hymnals. Drydcn's 
translation of the " Yeni Creator Spiritus " ;— 

" Creitm BWrlt, by WW »frl 
Tb* world's fcuniiitlonu Biflt ware ktil " \ 

published oa early as 1693, is the best known 
example. Two other trans! atiane by him are 
given in Scott's Jhyden, and repeated in 'the 
recent editions of Dryden's poem*. There is 
strong internal evidence and some traditional 
grounds fur believing that these are but spe- 
cimens of his efforts la this direction [ace 
Diy4«a]. The 1685 ecL of the Primer la of 
this class, although Dryden can scarcely be 
said to have had any share in tbo production 
of the work. A Raman Printer of 1087 con- 
tains these translations of the H585 Primer, 
and a few which were new. 

5. During the eighteenth century very little 
was done. Alexander Pope held fast to his 
religion in the midst of much of the false 
philosophy of bis day. He composed in the 
spirit of a true Christian the exquisite Ode 
which was suggested by the Emperor Adrian's : 

" AolmiLts, vwuli. blandali. 
H«pH comatque corporis." 
It is the well-known " Vital spark of hea- 
venly name." His JMemsoA and his Universal 
Proper have given several cantos to modern 
hymn-books. [See rope, A.] Amongst trans- 
lations not generally known is one by " T. 
P.," published about 1740, of Bt Thomas 
Aquinas's " Lauda Sion." Although departing 
from the original metre, it is fairly meri- 
torious. The last stanza reads : — 

*' Grtcloufl Jaujn, Fooct (limine, 

FrtSttVft Hi, foed ua, tot wc BtTAy; 
And through the ta&elr Vale of Tims 

Conduct ma Up the Hestag of D»jr. 
Bunco of muretted Light! 
MitchtassKoodneasj bmunilrn Might I 
Fed by Thy Out, thy liiijTrty Mest, 
HeiMltsi rive ftiy Flack t pint* 
Azmneat. thy Guesta, i cfcown It4M, 
Tbo Heira of ev*f ImUng P*it ," 
In 17G3 a complete translation of the Roman 
Breviary -was pub. in 4 vols., with new trans- 
lations of tho nymns : but it was late in the 
century before anything approaching to tlie 
style and tflntiiier of the modern hymn-book 



BOMAN CATHOLIC HYMNODY 

appeared, with tho exception of an isolated 
truuslation of a popular hymn or two as tho 
"Adeste Fidelos/* In 1731 a most extraor- 
dinary Collection of Spiritual Songs was issued 
by Bishop John Qeodea, in connection 'with 
Bishop John Hay, for the use of ths Scottish 
Northern Bomon Catholics, This was re- 
printed in 1802, and again in 1623, with addi- 
tions and alterations. The hymns aro written 
to familiar Scottish airs, the result being a 
hymnal which ranks amongst the most curious 
in tho whole range of English bymuody. 

6. In the present century' one of the first, if 
not the first, collection of hymns for tho use 
of English Bomon Catholics was published by 
tho Bov. Georgo L. Haydock, as A Collection 
of Cutholie Uymnt, or Jteityifw Sofjj*, York, 
1323. From tho Prefaces it appeals that two 
editions, previously issued in 1805 and 1807, 
were edited by tho Bev. Nicholas Alain Gil- 
bert, and that this York edition is that of 
1807 reprinted in full. It contains hymns by 
Austin; Drydcn's "Yeni Creator } some 
from the 17th century Manual of Prayers and 
Litanies; a fine piece by Nicholas Foakctt, 
1600, which is alluded to in the Preftioo ; 
translations from St, Francis Xavier and St. 
Bernard ; a ballad of John Tattler and the 
Beggar, which, in its prose form, is frequently 
appended to the early translations if St. 
Francis de Salw'e Introduction (a o Dec#ut 
Li/si and some of the earliest, if not the 
earliest, translations from the FmrU Srevwry, 
Another coiiection by Haydock, published at 
Whitby, 1823, is a clear and distinct departure 
from these old hues. It is A Coltection of 
Catholic Purlins, Hyvins, Dtotgttot, AiUJieme, 
and Doxologics: is appended to the former 
oolleetlon, and odds 39 hvmns thereto, in addi- 
tion to the Motetts and Anthems, and 13 Doi- 
ologieg, Many of the hymns are altered from 
J. Fauch snfl D. Turner, L Watts B- Ehodcs, 
J, nIontgomcry,and C. Wesley. Daniel French ; 
J. It. Bests in his Catholic Hours, a family 
prayer-book with hymns, 1830; aud Dr. 
Husenbeth in his Soman Mistalfor t&e ffse of 
the Laily, 1840, and bis Vetptr* Book of 1841 
bripg na down to the works and tho labourers 
of the past forty years, 

7. In many of the boobs of devotion in use 
among the tiom&n Catholics of Great Britain, 
there Are Ecffiish versions of the Latin hymns 
occurring in the Mass, Vespers, nntl Benedict 
tlon, which compose the ordin&ry public ser- 
Tices on Sundays : and these versions are not 
bound to be strictly uniform. An exceedingly 
popular Manual is The Garden of the Soul, 
and it contains * version by the Bov. E. 
Caswall, of the * Hymn to our Ss-viouc Jesus, 
abridged from St. Bernard." Tho frequent 
hearing, singing, audi repeatingthese affecting 
words:— 

" Jtsus, the way thought of Ticc, 
With Aih-cetnUi Ullq Toy l>rl^Ml i 
But aireeur t«s Thy face v> n 
And In Thy presence reijtr* 

with the remainder, have treasured it in tho 
memory of multitudes of tbe Faithful ; and is 
a fair specimen of tho translated Latin Hymns 
and Sequences which are found in a large num- 
ber of modem Boman Catholic prayer-boola. 
They do not always show translations of the 
first ortier, but they are sufficiently good for 



ROMAN CATHOLIC HYMNODY 

practical purposes, and may be supplemented 
by those of the Be*. E. C&swall ; of Cardinal 
Newman; and The Soman Breviary in 
EntjliA, by the Mwnuess of Bute, 1879. In 
this Inst are given vorsious of the hymns, 
antiphons, &o., by various hands, 

8. The leading tnniila tors bib Cardinal New- 
mui, and the Bev. E. CaflwalL Others might 
be named, but their productions nre cither 
limited in cumber, or inferior la quality- Tlic 
art of translation is a very rare and difficult 
one. Many compositions which might pfisa if 
accepted aa originals, would full Altogether If 
presented to critical eyes as -versions of old 
and approved hymns of the Church. It is the 
brightrtOM and delicacy of touch which dis- 
tinguish the work of a maater Id translation 
from the failures of an apprentice. The 
Vertes on Variout Oceanians, 186B, by Cardinal 
Newman, contain n. priceless collection of 
hymns for Matins, Lauds, Prime, Tierce, Bent, 
None, and Vespers, on the different doiys of 
the weeh respectively : far Compline, Maims 
and Lauds of Advent, and the T ronsflgura- 
tlon, for a Martyr, and for a Confessor Bishop. 
These an? full of muno and sweetness, of 
energy and light, which could [spring from 
nothing Imt (renins aud long practice in the 
art Cardinal Newman is one or the groat 
restorers of Soman Catholic Hymnody, not, 
indeed, through publishing a complete! hymn- 
book, but lay being, one might almost say, in 
himself a typo of rhythmical utterance, and 
the author of several hymns and translation!! of 
supreme excellence. The Rev.E. CuswallCq.vA 
more than any other, has enriched English 
Boman Catholic hymnody with a forge 
number of heautiful trao&lfttiona from the 
Latin. Bee, for example, his version of the 
hymn of Frudentius, " Bethlehem of noblest 
cities." How elegant is both tho language 
and rhythm. How excellently, also, ho has 
translated that sweetest of mediaeval hymns, 
the hjmn of St Bernard, "Jean dulcis 
memoria " (" Jesu, the very thought of 
Thee"), noted above. 

9. Amongst the original hymn-writers Dr. 
Faber takes the highest rank. His hymns, 
sung at the Oratory, are often remarkable for 
true poetry. Among these may be mentioned 
" Jesus is Risen," "The Immaculate Concep- 
tion," "To onr Blessed Lady," "The Will of 
God," and the " Evening- Hymn." faber hat 
done more than any other Englishman to 
promote congregational singing amongst the 
Roman Catholics in Great Britain. Tne con- 
gregation to -which ho was attached entered 
into his hymns fervently, and from them they 
spread to other?. He certainly perceived and 
appreciated,, as a scholar, and from his stand- 
point sb a Boman Catholic, the double advan- 
tage possessed by a Church which sings both 
in an ancient and modem tongue, making 
two-fold melody continually unto God. Ho 
did not prize the' leas the magnificent hymns 
of Christian antiquity in Latin, because ho 
taught congregations to ring in the English 
of to-day. His indebtedness to the Olney 
Hwang, and to the Wesleys, he freely acknow- 
ledges in his Preface to Jesus atid Mary, 1849. 
To these three— Cardinal Newman, Gaawoll, 
and Faber — tins Roman Catholic Hymnody in 
England principally ones its revival 



BOMAN CATH014C HYMNODY 975 

10. Other names of less, importance from a 
hymnfuogical point of view remain t» bo noted. 
If Themas Moore could be regarded as a 
Roman Catholic, aa ho is reckoned by his 
friend and biographer, Lord John Russell, wo 
should not be able to pass over some Sacred 
Melodies ol hit which arc well-known, and of 
extreme beauty. But the work published 
under the title of Sacred Stmg», in 1816, hns 
become so popular, and thoy arc so constantly 
claimed As the productions of one who at- 
tended habitually the Anglican services, that 
we are unwilling to advance a disputable 
pretension. Besides, exquisite as Ihcy are, 
they have nothing in tliom that stamps 
them with any certain mark of the religion 
in which Moore was brought up in child- 
hood. "Thou art, O God, the Life and 
Light" ; "O Tliou Who dry'st the mourner's 
tear " ; " The turf shall be my fragrant 
shrino " ; " Sound the lend timbrel," and 
many others, are all of them steeped in that 
tenderness which touches deeply our human 
nature, when nnder the influence of Divine 
grace. Mies Adelaide Anno Procter had 
passed a considemble'portion of her life before 
she entered the Roman Catholic Church. She 
was born in 18&&, but did not join the Roman 
communion until 1851. Sometimes she is 
truly lyrical, and her verses, Coivfido et Con- 
qttiMo, would bo suitable for congregational 
singing. The same may be said of Our 
Daily Bread. She does not write in the 
mere routine of pious verse. Her Sent to 
Heawn is lovely of ite kind. Bhe is a 
thinker, but her poetry is more adapted to 
rending than to practical psalmody. Religion 
had taken deep root in her mind, and her 
days were passed in nets of self-denying cha- 
rity. Other translators and original writers 
include the Bev. T. J. Potter, who translated 
afresh nearly all the Vesper hymns in the 
CatheUe Psalmist, 1B58; Aylw&rd, Porter, 
Bfcwes, Wallace, Coffin, Russell ; H. N. Oien- 
ham, a writer of known ability in eccle- 
mistical subjects in the. Saturday Sotieie ; 
Canon F. OakeJey, a scholar of classical 
tastes j Aubrey de Vere, o true- poet, author 
of Aniar and Zara, and many other volumes ; 
Charles Rent, and Robert Campbell, Matthew 
Bridges has also strnck nobly many a note of 
adoration in bis St/vm* of the Start ftrr the 
Vm of CatkoSic*, 164$, of which, "Rise, 
glorious Conqueror, arise," and The Seraph's 
Song, K Crown Bim with many crowns," may 
be taken as samples. 

11. In addition to the Oratory Hynwt «f the 
Bev. F. W. Faber, a cheap and popular Roman 
Cntholia hymn-book, pubt by Burns and Oates, 
has come into very extensive use. It is 
entitled. Hymn* for the Year, a complete 
Collection fur Bchooit, jtfuwunw, and Genera} 
Vte, 1S«T. It contains 288 of the best- 
known and most frequently Used Soman 
Catholic hymns ; and is found, together with 
the Oratory Hyitm* of Dr. Faber, to bo an 
invaluable treasure to Boman Catholics, 
gome of the " Baored Songs" touching tbe 
Communion of Saints are peculiar to Boman 
Catholic worship. Nothing, however, con ex- 
ceed the fervour and deptii of demotion and 
adoration to be found in the hymns addressed 
to the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit ; 



976 ROM AST CATHOLIC HYMXODY 

the Sacred Trinity, add our Lord in bis Human 
and Divihe nature. Such, to name a few only, 
are, " My God, how wonderful Thou art '* ; 
"It is my sweetest comfort, Lord " ; " O 
brightness of Eternal Light"; "I met tie 
Good Shepherd " ; and " Lead me to Thy 
peaceful manner." 

12. The latest addition to Bomau Catholic 
Hymnody, is the -Jnnut Sondut, 1881, of Mr. 
Orby Shipley. It is a work of great value, 
And the Appendix, containing earlier versions 
of Latin hymns, is the result of much diligent 
research on Mr. Shipley's part. In this 
Appendix will be found the beads of families 
erf versions; of Vesper hymns taken from the 
1'rimen of 1604, 1615, 1635, and 1706. These 
versions cf ewo of tho best-known Latin 
hymnj have a religions, a poetic; an historic, 
and an- ecclesiastical value. Tney will be a 
real boon to literature in a, branch tllat boa 
been little cultivated, and, to say tho truth, 
undeservedly neglected, 

13. The following list contains most of the 
works associated with English. Roman Catholic 
Hymnody (except the Primal, p. 609), which 
*ro notfoed above :— 

1. A attention of Spiritual stmgi. By Bp. Jt&it 
GeMci. 1T9L, IMS, sua 13X3. 

£. A Cbliettlan of Oittwlu: fljnjms ; or ifcii'fl-lDiti 
3nw*, *c, Edited iiy Uib Eav. H. A. Ollbsrt, Whitby, 
leoS ; 2nd ed. MtucbaK-r, jboT; 3rt ed. «iJiWt *y *** 
JUv. 0. L. Hay&xk, Tor*. l«ia. 

3. J CdiJ«J wn (f fisCftoJt'c Palm. Eymivs. JftWtot. 
.lniA™j, ami Ooxstoffia. By thi Ha. 0. £. itoydodi. 
Whitby, lssa. 

4. cocJwJi'c J=WieJ-, is3». 

E. catlwfie m>urt; A fanny ptaytt-anilt wfii 
nynua. By J. R, Bare. 1K9. 

B, JTOruin Jftttdi /or [Jul ff« ijf tte Adif j|. £y Df, 
F. C. KutaibzUi. tketby. T. Richardson & Son^ 1S40, 

7. Yctpcri, By Dr. F. C. BuSenbtth. 1811, . 

8. JeliHand SojK, Sj/ f, IF.-fttAir. London, 161). 

9. iynl C&IAoiud ; ctnttttiliinff all tit Breviary ami 
Ifiltal BVnint, wilA ACAli'r fKm Variant StilroU. 
Tmmlrtud ly Edward catcall, MA. London, 1M4. 

la. clutrch Bymrtt, tn Jftwirili, rtas itutji h ««H0 fa 

(fa C*U dune* Mixtif. Witt. jlpsrt*ljant. Axd AltoS] 1 
Jfeltyfoul foraU. Jy J 1 . .BicAarii BJJfc, iSJ, London, 
IfUt, 

11. (httuHt -ffirflwif STTdTijjMl fa order .frr &e pn'n- 
(ijoJ HerifmiJ), ittrtj i[f SuvnCj, and oilai- «w»™ <jf 

(1851 , Bj Ibe Kev, Itoory FormljT.] 
1!. Oratory JSjmtnf, By F. W. Fitxr. Ltynikn, 

IBM, 

13. Jfa-upK ^f Jfary and CitAer Fochk. JPy £ Cur 
watt. Loidtm. lesa, 

14. IW« iJMv J^piflv Sjfmnt ; vjitk tig Approbation 
qf HiM Eminence Cardinal NTuenuzH. Lcndoa, 1BSO, 

15. ^sin( WinifraTi fljisra £tuA: jl OrffMitoji q/ 
Sicrsa SyjHni /or PiiH™ JVa£(«aJji^ J4E^r«a£ji, fee. 
Lofldon, K.k [1SMJ 

It. A SiiKiiaM ^ JjijnUiAl (UAiriij; JkbitU JW W* 

it. Si. fairitVt atltoUe ffjmti-axjt. Lundon, ibei. 
U. IflarfftcaJ jiyniu fir tt« C*fe/ AMiuaCi t;/ 7 (As 

qnd h iranitated into JA^fsh ai fa Aa (idap4ea tv Old 
awl Jf«m OuirtA MMir. Bif yrancit Trappti. paOnlIt 
Print. The Mtltii tdittd by William J. MthfT S- J. 
Lend™ [1BS1J. 

19. Lyra Ltturgica; Btjtatfau in vneit/6t say 
iwjr aid Secatmt. Landcn, 19«B. [F. Onktlej- ] 

w. Yerta m Varbui oaatiau. London, lses. 
[CH-ilnil M enuuo. Miloly Kiprlnti train bin Vatr* at 
ieS3.] 

31. Bmml and PtiOU; Ori&ival dnd TraHHattd. 
By B. ante/ill (b«tDg Lyra aahaiica, ttae Maitnu, of 
jary, mi other [mtmi itiii li^mns In » colkcUdTaimJ. 
LaSdUL, 18T2. 

«. aUiefioii ?/ ftpw/nr iftt f«b/ tftc c*flrfrcn 

<ir" ^'. A*kfmpin H * Osf^n^atfaK, GlMgow, 1BTE. 

13. Tilt Chlkolir .RsrntN JJooi-. [fasipiipi iiji fjkf JJtu, 

IctfUTOn fBOTjft rer*. Londcm, jglj. 

rmc/iTltH trt taiAotit (SUwcfci. {UMpow, l$!s. 



BOMANUS 

«. I»i! Bxmmn Breviary [In Enjltilij, B> (be M*r- 
411ms of flute- London. 1BTS- 

1B. IM< buminitam Hymn Settle wttk Yetpert and 
t^ptpJitw. London, 1981, 

IT. 81. Genrge't ifimu Bool. CintAiinfnp IS* J^nmu 
(«tt^ oC S(. QeerffJi CaOuidrai, SmtlacaTk. Omj>i'tai ij 
fA« Kn, Jofijji Jiee£i. Lcndon(3id ed. last). 

26. £fymtt» I>y (Ae Jteif. Jjmu-J OscJIy, Jf.fl. liondoo 
(41b «1. lBBl). 

!S. Jnnut SmkJuj j ifynnt ijf H* CAkiTiI ftr U« 

bj( FttriOHt jluWtorf, vffk JSxkrif, Orfjinnl, and 'Jl*tr 
riymm, and ait Apptitdit if Barlitr Vtnivni. Sdtettd 
arm Amtnptd by Orby Shipley, if. J. Lraidon «ni N»w 
York, ISM. 

3D. TAe foiliiju: PfOJuiili. Compiled by C 3. Ljuob, 
Dublin, iBiS, 

31, JTytetu jbr Vw Ymr, A Gmpltti CtiUitttonfor 
Silu/jlt, Jlitiioni, an* atntral trie. LuiuJob, k.d. [Dr. 
Riv«% 18*7,] 

33. JJjthtU: (jTijiitflt and ^IsotHJ. Dj tit But. H, 
A. B*w«, h.a. LoihIod, HP, [Syinn* by H. A, 
hawMtmir. IV". Fiber-: 

33. IVCMtottcntyieiKri. H>m"* SBinfcd/nr PwMii 
and iTfvatt t)h. Lonaon, jf-e, [1«!W. 

31. JV Craum ifymri iswfc; (Vnra<H<tiir Owpifm; 
J5i»«flKrttnt, OJJIw «r MnamlaCe (niK^wii Jto»/*r 
PtUdren, and aJ( IS* Au<((S and Jja^tn Jftno>u (n (*j 
Ciwm of Jctm Fmytr Book, &:, London, *.p. (is*sj, 

3i. ris jVitikAhiE JC. Pit. New ftiti rertaed ea. 
LonddD, «.D. [lit ed. 1690 : ed. with idihIc, 1993], 

ifl. CUMoIu: Byi., tuilh Rbty Han for t'Hildrts, be 
Dublin, k.u. 

In addition to these then) are also the pub' 
ligations of Matthew Bridies, Aubrey de Vera, 
Adelaide A. Procter, T. J, Potter, Lady 
Georgians, Fullerton, and others, from whioli 
hymni hare been gathered to enrich the 
various hymn-books published for the use of 
Sohooli, Missions, and other purposes. 

[J. a E.] 

Romaxms. Tho ehief of tlio Middlo School 
of Greek hymn-ivTitcia. Ho waa a natiTo of 
Emcsa, deacon of Uerytus, ami bccaoio at- 
tached to tlio church of lilachcrno at Con- 
stantinopfc. In tli&t church ho had a vision 
of tho Mother of God, who gave him a piece 
of a roll (mjeTM) to eat. Ho did ao t and found 
biuaelf eadoweti with tho power of making 
Coatakin (Neale, HitL Edit, Cftitreft, quoting 
Measa). He is said to have written & thou- 
sand of these poems, hut whether this means 
a thousand of the long strophes, whic.li are 
intercalated anions the Odc» in the present 
Greek office hooks, or a thousand of the lone 
pocma, which Oardinftl Pitra has discovered 
under the name or Contakia, cannot he deter- 
mined. The date of his pieces must be Founi 
either as 491-518 or 713-719, the reigns of 
AuasUsius the 1st or the 2nd, as he is said 
to have come ti> Constantinople in the reign 
of Anastasius, The desuetude into which his 
hymns had fallen in the 8th century is perhaps 
in favour of the "arller date, and the long 
hymn of Methodius at such an early period 
as 311 (see Omik Hymno*!, §. x. 2J allows the 
possibility of such long productions at the 
close of the Mh century (.see 6™*! 'Bynmaiy, 
% xii. 1). Of his hymns, one only has been 
rendered into EnirlM], It is a ijoiilakion, at 
short hymn, found In the office for Ghristuaa 
Day : — Tigr "E!)^ BsBXf in lirai^t, If tin Waftsr. 
and republished by Dr. Littledale in his 
Ofilcet, 4&, of the H. E. fflwren, 166*. p. 7S. 
Dr. Littledale's tt. in blank verse is, " Beth- 
lehem hath opened Eden," saine work, p. 197. 
This lias been turned into 8.6.8 &7.7 mcasnre 
by W. Chntterton Dix, and was pub. in Lyra 
Ssssiatiica, H6i, p. 102. p£. L. B.] 



ROOKE, THOMAS 

Boobs,, Thomas, m,a,, was educoteil at 
Trinity College, Dublin, b,a. 1848, w.*.. 1851. 
Taking holy orders in 1848, he held several 
curacies and cliaplsinciefl In Ireland till 1681, 
when ho was preferred to the Vienxage of 
Feckenham, Redditah, diocese of Worcester. 
Three of hit hymns appealed in A. J, Soden's 
Vniwictl B. Pk,, 1885 .— 
1. Coma to thj- Cbdreh, li>ii Ant God. Cauteta- 
1, Fitter of i(6refcs; Ww o( oM- *«« *t 

a. flwJ ibe tColj- Qlwt, (rem Falter and Jrotn Son. 
for me in So^Mmtt, [J. J.] 

HoOkflT, Elisabeth. [Tarsaii, B.] 

Horluqii, Gilbert, r.L.n_, s. of John 
BorisOn, a merchant of Glasgow, was b. Id. 
Benficld Street, Glasgow, Feb. 7, 1821 . He was 
educated at Glasgow University, And at that 
time be was a member of the United Presby- 
terian Church. Subsequently he joined the 
Scottish Episcopal Church, sod, utter study- 
ing for toe ministry at Edinburgh under 
Bishops Terrot and Bussen, was ordained by 
the latter in 1843. He was for some time 
curate of St. James's, Leith, and of the Epi- 
scopal Church, Helensburgh, And then Incum- 
bent of St Petards Episcopal Church, Peter- 
head. He d. at Bridge of Allan, Oct. 11, 
1869. In 18S1 he edited Hys. and Antkemt 
arifuttod to the Chureh Servi/xt throughout ihe 
G&r&t&tn Tear, Loud., Hope & Co. (Revised, 
I860; Appx. 1869, Sea Soottit* Vynmij, 
§ vii. 2). This contains several of bis irt. 
from the Latin, He is widely known through 
his " Three in One, and One in Three " (q. v.). 

[J. J.] 

Bon»e Family. In English Unitarian 
hymnody William Roseoe and three of his 
children hold honourable positions and are 
widely known. Taking the father and the 
children in chronological order we hare: — 

Bum , TOnlan, the father, was b. March 8, 
1753, in Liverpool, of humble origin. After 
very meagre schooling, and three years of 
work in hie father's market garden, lie was 
Articled to an attorney, And subsequently 
practised in Liverpool till 1796, when he with- 
drew from the profession. From the first 
literature wee his chief delight, and through- 
out a long career of public usefulness he united 
its pursuit with the efforts of enlightened 
patriotism and the advocacy of higher educa- 
tion and! reform. Liverpool was a centre of 
the {Ad slave-trade, and Rqbcob was one of the 
first to raise his voice against the iniquity. At 
the age of 20 he had already uttered a protest 
in Mb descriptive poem Mmnt Pltcwtnt, and 
in 1787 he pub. a longer poem, ITfte Wrongs of 
Africa (Ft. ii- 1788), devoted to the subject. 
During- his brief parliamentary experience as 
member for Liverpool, in 1807, he had further 
opportunity of advocating the cause of liberty 
and humanity. His first great historical work, 
the Life of Lorenzo di Mtdici, was pub. in 
1796, and tlio Life and Pontificate of Lea tie 
Tenth, in 1809. After withdrawing from his 
IdgaL practice, Roscoe had hoped to be able 
to devote himself entirely to tetters, but the 
claims of friendship induced him in 1800 to 
enter into a banking business, which involved 
him in commercial troubles, ending in 1820 in 



UOSCOK FAMILY 



977 



his bankruptcy. His library hpd to be sold, 
but part of it was bought by friends, and pre- 
sented to the Liverpool Athenrcum, which in 
1789 Roscoe had been instrumental, in found- 
ing. In 1822 he pub. Uhairatumt of the Life 
of Lorenzo di Medici, defending the views 
adapted in hie former history, and two years 
later edited a new edition of Pope's works, with 
a life of tho poet. He died June 30, 1831. 
(Of. The Life of William B«coe, by his son, 
Henry Roscoe, in 2 vols., London, T. Cadell, 
18&8.) Aa a member of the congregation of 
Unitarians meeting in Rensliaw Street Chnpot, 
Liverpool, Boscoe took pari: in preparing A 
Selection of Pealm* and Hj/m>i$ for FttbUnand 
Frioale Wordtiv, printed far tlieir use in 1818. 
He oontributedeight hymns and the conclud- 
ing anthem. Of these hymns the following 
an in C- U. at the present time : — 

]. 1*1 our loud song <st pririw; wise. Fraise. 

1, Go, suHering: Tulntut cf eirtb. Life, it Warfaft. 

a. Grwi Qcid,lxtw«lb Whose piercing eye. liimtt 
Prmridtnee. 

i, Tbua atfd JtBot, Go and dft. Lout is eur Ntiyh, 
tour. 

6. TVlat 1» the flist and great ovnuuind ! J** Ah. 

These hymns are in several Unitarian col- 
lections, including Martuieau's Hymns, 1840. 
No. 3 was written in 178S, as a "seoulnr hymn " 
of tea stanzas, to be sung at tho Bonn's 
Garden Chapel ou the Centenary of the 
Revolution. 

Swh, wflliui Stuky, tho eon, was b. in 
1782, and d. in 1843. He was educated by 
Dr. Shepherd.of Gateacre, and at Peterhouse, 
Cambridge. He wag in his father's bank till 
the failure in 1820, after which he held an 
office in the Liverpool Court of Passage. His 
Poenu were pub, in 1884, His hymn 
"Almighty God, In prayer to Theo" (Death 
antieivaied} appeared in the Liverpool Ben- 
shaw Street Coll., 18 18. It is also in Maxtiomu't 
Bynws, 4c, 1849, and later colleotiom), 

Bomt, Mut Ajm, a daughter, was b. in 1785, 
married to Thomae Jcvons, 1825, and d. in 
1845. She edited Poemfer Yavth, by a Fatuity 
CirciCy'LonA., 1320, to which her brotben and 
sister contribute! From 1631 she also edited 
The 8<jcrt$ Offering, an Annual of original 
and sdected poetry (Liverpool, D. Marple Ss 
Co.). Her 7 nymns were puh. in her Sonnet* 
and other Poenm, ckiffiy Devotional, fn 184S. 
Of her hymns three are still in C. if. : — 

1. H4ow] Q let four mingling v^iHfl rise. Cttrtiima*, 
a. Thou must go fortli ilons, mjf soul. Math An, 

3. Whsn biuun Impea ind joys deptrt. In TraubU 
and Jjaiclvm. 

Of these No. 3 was first pub. in her Poem* for 
Youth, &e., 1820. 

Bomm, Juu, a second daughter, was b. in 
1797, msrrien to Francis HornUower in 1838, 
end d. in 1853. Hpt Toeats bu one of tin 
Authors of Poems far Youth ty « Family Girdle, 
were put in 1820, and her Foams m 1848, 
Her hymns in C. U. arc;— . 

1. How Tien tLe bteiBJnes. O toy <3«d, ffmKftufe, 
In tbe Lircrpoul IkBrtun Mrwt ftfl. lais. 

2. My Fttbtr, nhen utanml me «piTMd. Ptatt in 
AJHKtim. Appcutd In (be jsmiWj Jl^um'fors, Jim, 
KtSS : ud ILe Saered Offbrtog. I* 12 ' 

1 O Goi, to TJjee, Who Bret but glTSn, Aj/.CTnn 
ttcrntitn, In foon*/sr nn*(*v Wad, 
I. Tbv will be done. I will not lets. Sfttanatiai. 
[V. B, D-] 



078 BOS3ETTI, CHRISTINA G. 

Rosoettt, Christina Gteorgtoa, daugh- 
ter of Gabriel, and stater of Dante Gabriel 
Mid William Michael Roesetti, was b, in 
London, Dec. S, lSSO.and received her educa- 
tion at ] lome. Her published works include : — 

(I) GoWfs Market, and Otter JVmsj, 1SS4 j (1) I&s 
I^itite'e rrngvut, and Ot&er Poms, ieC6 t (a) Point!, 
Dainty a reprint of Hos. I «nd S, ibJSj (4) ji Pageant, 
and oilttv Founti. issi, Jte. 

In addition, Miss RoBsetti baa published 
sever*] proae worts, as : — Aanm Domim (» 
book of prayers fur every day in the year), 
lo74 ; ie^fer find Spirit of the Dtealngtie, 
lSfiS, aud others. She has written very few 
hyinTjB avowedly for ehuroh worship, but 
several centos have boon compiled from her 
poems, find have passed into scveml hymii- 
booba. These include : — 

1. lead ia thy daughter, trouble not the Hastex, 
TAe Waiainp qjf Jrtiras's JCKjftKr, From her GSWfn 
Market, fcc., laCi, into /.ynt JTytliM, 186J, 

t, aid ths Tathsr, gin na piia. Jnweaii™ 0/ (S* 
JMy rj'tjH'ijl. From Ljrro Jfjyslii-a Into tin; iKm»y 
ifyranovy, fur use in the Chapel fioyal, tiavoy (soft U o. 4 
below). 

t. 1 ten with thee Ions; wiuj days and nighta, 
3He Ztfiss ^ Chriit. From her Goblin Karktt, Ac, 
18S3, into Ayra Afusisiitro, i*4t. 

1. I Tfould hut gout, Qui. bade me stay. Itetigiui- 
(fun. From her J'«™j, ia)4, into Herder's «wj, 
7/jrtjmt, 1384, &e. 

i. One* I thought to sit so Lfgh. JI /tody &n( Thou 
jittjMTiil Jfc, ot Jimiohlfde. Contributed to Lym 
^riijWiJiijja, 18S3, 

fl. The JUtshI wdd ahiiiw odd and dor. Jrkirat, 
f™ lwr HffpMj's MUrkft, fcc., 1S6S. 

7* lbs Seven that bloem in mm and shade. Ift« 
JStrnivljf ^ ff«(. Iu lira. C. Brock's CMHrtu'i 
H. £*, ISJti. 

a. 'What ere these tint glow from afar! Jfartyr*. 
Port at lie jjQBm •■ We meet in Joy though we ywirt 111 
boitow,™ ^nicb appegred in Lyra tfyttica, 1B6E, And 
then In Miss RwsiUl'H fffnee's Prvgrai, 4c., 1848. It 
Is the moct widely used of tor hjume. No. t ebev* la 
olea bom tlia ssnio poena. 

Mies RossettTa verges nre profoundly sug- 
i^efllivij and lyrical, and deserve a iMgcr place 
than tltoy occupy in the hyuuuKly of the 
cliureb, Her sonnets an; ftinongat tha finest 
in the English language. [W. G. H.] 

Roths, Jbhaan. Andreftft, H.of Aogidiug 
Eothe, poator at Lisaa, meat Gorlitz, in 
Sileaia wag b. at Lifsa, May IS, 1688. Be 
entered the University of Leipzig ill 1703, as 
a student of Theology, pradnated H.A., and 
~«b3 then, in 1713, licensed ^t Goriits as a 
ecuernl preoclier. In 1718 be beOMM tutor in 
uie family of Herr von Sclratsiniti at Lenbe, a 
ftw raiJeB south of Gorlitz, and while ILere 
frequently preached in UeigbboUriUz churches. 
During 1722 Count N. l>. von Zinzendorf, 
ba.ppenitig to heat him preach at Groe«- 
HenDenKlorf, was greatly pleased with him, 
and when the pastorate at Berthelsdorf he- 
came vacant shortly thereafter, gave him the 
preseutatiofi. Ho eDteied on his duties at 
Bertbolsdorf Aug. 30, 1722. There he took a 
great interest in the Moravian community at 
Herruhut, which formed part of his parish. 
But -when, in 1787, he bad to report to the 
higher ecclesiastical authorities regarding tbe 
doctrinal views of the Moravians, Zinzeudorf 
showed his resentment in various waye,,so that 
Bothe was gkd to accept a call to Henosdorf, 
near Gorlits. Mually, in 1739, Conut vou 
PrOmnita appointed him assistant pastor at 
ThmtiniendoTf,near Bnnzlau, where he became 
chief pastor in 1742, end d. there July (i, 1756. 
(K«A, v. 340; Wetzel's A. 7f., ii 756, Ac) 



BOl'HE, JOHAHN AMDEEAB 

Botiie wa& s man ot wuslilerat>]fi gilts iDd of nubcoillni 
luttjrily. a good lbx!ologuiii, itid in einurt, fsttless, «na 
lmprtstlvja prejicior. Hia hymiu, nbiut Hi in number, 
tbougti ibey can Lrnrdly bo tiii te rjuik high «b poetrj, 
are ytt often cbinctstiaed by glow ind teudimeM cf 
fueling. And by depth, of CbiriEtiin experiance. They 
lit soak-whit ikin to Ztozcndutfe belter productions, 
but til* rcMmblanco mAy uieo from tlia altemtiuiw 
which Zinitndarf seems to Lav* undo in tljem. The 
bctt known ot them llrtt ippennA iu ZinundorfB bynm- 
booka, And wcio for a tLao lookup upon with suapiolon, 
bocauK At Zlnmukirf did not Affix iutli«ts' nanus, too 
new byuibs wtro it flcrt ill iscillxd to bunealf. 

Those of Botlie's hymns which hare passed 
into Eughsti ore : — 

i. lit hale flun 4en QrnB.4 pfiudeii. Joy m 
Believing. 1st yub, in mnieodorf* Cltiist- 
GttfoiisrfM Sin/jt- wiBeUBiiikte'w, 1737, p. &S, 
and in the 2nd ed. (ir.D., bat pro-lmbir ia the 
end of 1727 or beginning of 1738) of hit Somm- 
twirig. n. f. Lisder (1st ed., 112b), us No. 93i, 
in 10 et, of Q\,\ nnd repented in the later 
ATorvrewB jff. Bki., e.g. the Herrnlmt G. B., 1735, 
No. 255, Under G. 2., 1778, Na, 366 t itc. At 
li»t the Lutherans suipeeted it, thinking that 
it w« by ZtnaondflXf, but on discovering that 
it was by Eotlie, ««n adopted it. It is a 
jsoiyerfni (ind beiutiful hymn, is found in mftw 
recent German collection* (e.g. the Berlin (?. £. 
S., ed. 1S&3, No. 78), and in its English form) 
ha* found a very wide acceptance, nnd proved 
a comfort and blasiing to many. It was donhtlets 
suggested by Ilea. vL 16. 

fa Urn msh/ri&CliE jVacdriclt (W tt* frtfder G. £., 
ITT*), ed. IBS, p.iTd It is nH to lmvc been wiltten ftr 
Zlnzcnrioir* birUiday. May a*, 1T3S, This 1* probably 
i misprint lor 1756. ind tbe bran, is will bseeenabovo, 
was ia print In ITS?. JbKA, II. £41, euafcels tliatit was 
written In ittum for the hymn, " Chnelum Qbor Alios 
lieber)." which. Zlnsendoir had sent to Kotbe in 1!M (In 
the AUMitluHO, 17SS, Ko. fI3, and In tha Dtuttcht 
GtdtehU, U3S, y. iH, m>Ttal iCni a friend's birth- 
day," and dated May 12, 1W1J. This, if correct, wwU 
ratber av|r|reet 1723 as the data of Rotho r a hymn, only in, 
tbat caaa Zlniandorf woald almoat certainly hATe In- 
cluded It in tbe £bn.nlunf of 17SG. Zinzeodurf, it may 
be added, gives in hla D&iitckt OtdichCt two othar pieces 
wiitten for Hothe'e birthdays, one dAted 1714, for his 
SSth birthday (beginning "Wcr Ton der Erde ist "), the 
other dated ITS*, for hia 40th btrthdiy flHjrinnliie 4> Der 
Du der Uenen K3nigblat.") 

KotJio'a hymn under consideration (" leh babe 
gun. ") haa heen <r. t,' i — ■ 

1, Hew I hare found, the giwnd. Therein. A 
nhe but nomewhat free tt\ of st. i., ii., iv., v., vi., 
x., by J. Wesley, Jrfr. J, G, SteTensert, in his 
mthediit S. Si. NuUt, Wb3, p. 46, spenlts thus 
regarding it! — 

"IVhan the tnnalulon ot Ibis hymn was finished 
John Weelcy sent a ccf>y of U to P. II. Holtber, one of 
the German MoraTlins in I^onden, and nnder date of 
V> January, 1740, M. Holthar returns tbe translation 
with his ipprovil of all boi onfl Tana,vrhlch Mr. Wesley 
ilter«t as aneented." Tbe altered stems begina " 
Love, thou bottomless abjB." Mr. Smenson Addsthu 
notions of this version wan among the last words of 
J.W-Flft<±CT, i'lutfiifMnlelfy(d. UBlf.uidoi Edward 
BtckeiBteth, rector of tVatton (&. I860). 

In 1T40 the tr. as thus revised was included 
in the Wesley Ifys. if Sac. Poems (P. Wurls, 
1868-7^, wl. 1,, p. 37&>, It was thence ti^ns- 
ferr«d to the Moravian H. Bh-, 1742, s if. of st. 
iii. of the German, made by F, H, Molthor, 
being added in the 17 S& and later ads. It was 
also Included in the Wei, H. Bt., 1760, No. 183 
(1875, No, 189), «nd line been repeated in very 
many English and American collections, bnt as 
a rule abridged ; the full form being however in 
Mei-cer*s (?. >. (f H. WL ; the <3mo. Nyl., 1887 ; 
apd Boacilrnaii'j &rl. t Philwlelphia, U, S., 1661, 
It hns alio appeared in full, or abridged, nnder 
the following iirst lines ;— ' 



BOUND THK SACBED CITY 

(lj- Sow I b*m fimni ta* bleued ground (si. 1 ). 
1»&T Huntingdon^ ft!., l!«o. 

(ft Hew htm I found tha gnnmd wtertiu (sL i.y 
W, F. Sitveiism'* Hys,ttf C*. * ifemc, lBJa. 

(J) OLard! Thyomrlutiiig gnu* (at, 11), Huiilur'" 
ttutj. Jiyj,, laai. 

(V Jatbtr, Hun* eTerluting gnu* (it. li.). J. 
Ilktomtetli'i i>r. * Jfyt., 1B3J. 

(f) tme, thmi bafiuilai abyu t.gt. IlLj, ^wti^r. 
Bfcfcm .Hjl., 1BJS. 

Ml Jems, 2 know isth diai flir a|4 (it. 1a). Penn- 
sylviulan Lutn, CAnrdt Jte., less. 

(7) Though wa¥« and rtunnnFJ i'er my head fst. v.), 
Amlostr sOVxxth it- Ok-, IRsg, 

3. Isowlwe found, £ji hope eflu*.v«ii. Id full, 
by Dr. H. Mills, in the Emn,j. JiewetF, Gettys- 
burg, Jim, 1950, aftd in hi* //arm Gcrmaniaz, 
185G, p. AS. Included in the Amer. Lutb, Gen. 
Synod's Q>U; 1852. 

8, Hy wul hith. ntv Uu ground attained, A 
good &\ of it. i., iii., v., x., by A. T. liusaell, as 
Ho. 167 in his 7>s. ^ Jigs., 1851. 

4. Jf y wul h«*h fetuid tlu stai&Iait ground. A 
good tr. (on) it ting it. v.-ix., and with a st. if. 
not by Rothe), by lira. Bavan, in her Songs of 
EtfTJiaS Life, 1858, i>. &5. Included, abridged, 
in the Enj. PreaL h. $ fftJS,, 1807, and the 
7«nu: Hyi., 1871. 

JS, How I b*« found the Srm foimdaiiuB. By 
O. F. Krote), as Ho. 351 in the Ohio Lath. ITjfi., 
1830, omitting St. Ti.-viii. 

5. How I have found th* ground to held, By 
J. Sheppard, in his Fimign Sacral Lgre, 1857, 
p. 91. 

fl, Ttr wahr«r Hmsaii*5nd«iina;. TiS« Fbrgivt- 
mrss o/ iW. 1st pub. as No. 44 S in the 3rd ed,, 
1731, of ZittJtmJorFs Saminlung as above, and fn 
7 it. of 4 1. In the Bvfokr G. B. t 1778, it is 
No. 393. The trs, are : — 

[11 " Tbauka he Vi The*, Than flaogtjtcr'cl Lamb r " 

g„ YilJ. TblalaNn. 346 In jit. li., lHo, of the JUmnn'tiA 
fit. TO " BeftJ'e conraraimi of the butt." A ir. 
of St. i., If., by R Lntfuljc 3 as ifo. 30l> In tic J^mvtan 
JT. Bi., 11 W, TTlttl the BliO'e lr. at ol. vii. idd«L In 
Uu 16(1 nd laler eda. (1444, No. *fs; tbe tr. of st, vii- 

Ml lllHIB ttlllDtd. 

Hi. 'Weim klols* HimmolHiba, Death of a 
Child. Writ (en on the death of one of his 
daughters. Appeared sis No. 102S in the 3rd «d,, 
1731, of Zim*Dtlorrs Susanitutg as aboi'e, and is 
iu S »L of tf I. Included as No. 1G&B in tbe 
BrSdtf G. B., 1778, and recently <u No. SS9 in 
tbe Unv. L. 8., 1851. The frt. affl:— 

(1) " When ciUdnm, btui'd bj JnuB." This is So, 
LL66 in the ffujj^J. of ISO* to tbe Jftirnttiim JT. JJ*„ 
SSD1 ft*W,>o. lati). (i) "Wben aununcni hence uy 
DMli is given." By J. ifewi* 1SS7, n 10J. [J. M.J 

Sound, the Saored City gather. 8. J. 
Sto»t. WhuTeh D«/*»«,] Written in 1ST4 
for th« Church Defemia Institution, nml immd 
S3 b leaflet witb muaio for nee at Chniah De- 
fenrt) MeeitiugA. Several hazldwds oi tiiou- 
RaodB hctT» been used in thia form. It was 
given in the author's Knight of Ittftrcmioth 
3rd ed., 1S74, in 7 si of 8 1., with, the heading 
"Battle Hymn of Church Defence," and 
"Dedicated to the 'Church Bocisty ■ of Si 
PbmI'b Ha^ceretoD." In 1894 it was enlarged 
to 13 irt, of S 1. for processional pee at a. grand 
Choral Festival in Sftlbbary Cathedra 1 , and 
began '■ Bacred city by the river " lu thin 
form it was given in the SUmihly Packet, 188+. 
In its Original fbrM it is in several iiymnals, 
Mr. Stona ako adapted it for use in the 1839 
Snpp7. ITi/ntns to H. &.. & M, [J. J.] 

Bone, Francis (Rouse), wae b. at 
HaltoK, Qomnall, in 1579, and educated at 



HOWU, GEORQB S. 



870 



Oxford. Ho adopted the legal profeaion, and 
wa* M.P. njr Trnio during tho roigna of 
James and of Charles I. lie also ruprooented 
Trnro in tho liOng Farlialnciit, nnd toot p&rt 
against tlio King and tlie Biihnpe. He vaa 
appointed a Member of tho Westminster As- 
sembly ; of the High Commission ; And of tlio 
Trir.ra for esacamirijf and licetLEidg candidates 
for tlio ministry. Ho also held other appoint" 
meuts under Cromwell, including that tit 
Provost of Eton College. He d. at Acton, 
Jan. 7, 1050, and was buried in the Chapel of 
Eton College. Wood, in hie Athsxas Oxnai- 
entet, fives p. liet of his Diimciotis worke. 
Tho history of his version of tho Faalms is 
given under FuIuh, Bacilli, § xi„ respecting 
its treatment in England, and under SesttUb 
Hvmiiaiy, § m., withicgnrd to its reception and 
Use in Scotland. [J. J.] 

BOUT, Thomae, b. in 1766, won for many 
years a Baptist minister at Hadlcigh, in 
Saffolb, nnd Little Graosden, Combs., and 
was well known to most of tbe Calviulstia 
congregations in tlie Eastern Counties. Hd 
was very idngular and methoduial in his 
habits, and for 30 years was a frequent con- 
tributor or hymns and other compositions to 
tho Gwpd Herald. Ho A Jan. 3, 1868. Mr. 
Row pub. two vols, of hymns. The first Tvns 
entitled, Coaeite Spiritual Feemt, or Eiau- 
geliaal Hymst on Various Sttbjeels, for ike 
vricate me of Christians, and alio adapted for 
Fabtis irortiij), London, IS 17. This was 
called Book 1., and cowpriaed fi20 lijincs. 
Bonk IL, lucluding 543 hymns, was pub. in 
1322, Us Original ami Eoangelital Ryrnttt on 
a great va-riatif of titlgects, for Private <rmJ 
I'utAie Worthip, ou Thomai JJoio, Minister of 
(fre Gotpel, ffatUeigh Sujfollt.. M*ny of these 
hymns ore to be found in Parrott'a 8eL From 
a Calviuistic point of view tli*y are enund in 
sentiment, lmt possess b'ttlo poetic merit. 

[W. R. S.j 

From his Concise Spiritual Poena, 1S17, tho 
following hytnim have psssed into Snepp's 
Song* of Grace and Glory, 1872 : — 

1. Awake, my wannest powers. Jtout lie IHtkjk 
MvxaU, 

3. AwAke, O heavenly Wind. JH Ike HA.'J Spirit. 

3. God kniws our sscict tbuntdits and wnrda. Onnl- 
Kiavx. 

i. QndouGodofoursilvitlon. Jftfy Trinity. 

5. Haw cul a. mortal tci^ne HxpieSB. Holy Tt'inity. 

6. In ths Qodbud til periecthm. /Wji Trinity. 

T. In vtln murt sl«epj sinnciB think, lit J)(ffn? 0/ 
(SixJ. 

». Jehovahlo will la JiHwd, rSe mm (jf Coil. 

ft tike wind the Spirit eeutl; Wons. JCetntr #/ Uu 
^biw Gtvnt, 

JO. Sew, Tton fcUhnil, goqtla Spirit. JSaljr ^ f u— 
rse Paide, 

11. Boprtllttljf iwtftt Is (ovferalgn love, 7A«Xai?o/ 

1ft, 3*he RH5»t eternal Sptiit nnnes. Tit* BMj, JJrfrtf. 

13, Tha Uiil}' Spirit, did eoglga. Steriion, 

It Tba Sicrtd Spirit 06H1M Id tat*, ll'ji* q/ (Ac 

16. Than dur iiid gittl mysteilous Thmt. JBUj 

16. Tliou grtu, mysterious Lord. Jralv TrdtiEy. 
it . To Coil, tic Hely Gtwsu JVrjwialiiv ^ tit JlWj 

1$. You ii»ve not iloeen me. JJftfdiji. [J, JJ 
Howe, Oeorge Stringer, vras b. at 
Margate in 1830, and educated for the Wo»- 
leysn Ministry at Didsbury College, He en- 
te-red the Wesley an Ministry in 18S3, nnd has 
since held important appointments at Ipswich, 



080 



RUBE, JOHANM C- 



HulL, Sontbport, Leeds, Edinburgh, London. 
&o. In 1§88 lie was appointed to the chair of 
Futentl Theology in Headingley College, 
Leeds. Be is the author of "Life of John 
Hunt, &c." ; '■ At Hit Feet " ; " On HI* Day " ; 
" The Psalms Id Private Devotion " ; ami 
"Alone with Uie Word," HU hymns in- 
clude; — 

1. Behold Thy ymitMVil inny, 

3. Come, children ill ami praise, 

3. Cradled. In a uiiiztr meanly. 

t. When Uuy brought Mile children. 

These hymns were written for Suiuiap JjWiotd 
J.jmiPsrsarw, and wore included ip the 
JtfeUtodt* S, &fe»I B. Sfc., 1879, [J, J.] 

Bobe, Johann Chrlstopb, wu b. Nov, 
30, 1 665, bis father being th en pn stor at Hohen- 
und Thal-Ebra, near SandenVhauSell. After 
completing bU studies in law, and becoming 
a licentiate, ho woe appointed judge (Amt- 
mfttin) &t Bniggemiindeil near Alsfeld, and 
then, about 1704, at Battenberg (bath in 
Hesse-Darmstadt). He d. at Battenbern;, May 
SO, 174fl. (Bodt t p, 137: F. W, Btriede/a 
HtnUcie (Jeleftriflfl- und (Scfc7*yi*fefl?T G«- 
tcfcwiie, toL xvi> t. 136. The latter dates 
his birth Nov. 19. On writing to Ebro, Faotor 
'Weise has kindly informed me that no 17th 
cent, registers are extant either for Hohen- 
Ebia, or for TbaUEbrfl.) 

But* km * moat ptoJiffc writer of hyauis. In th* 
Utiiwtat O. B. pnb, at ttomburg In 5 volj,, naeji, 
then u«, according to the markings by Cmmt Christian 
Ernst of Yfemlgeroda in bla private cony, no Ins tban 
ISA hy Bain. The earliest appeared b Lnppiat's 
■irtJaAfl'f Jlfifvndir CArt'ittn-A'tiiKJ, Wewl, 14s£ and 
lira tftittrefcftcr C. £,. DumBttaX jets. In U li ae 
publlaned i number (without place orwio.) w jRrfi*- 
Unai»BfuM<» am Mr geiatiithtn Erfe [Hnmlnrnj 
Library] i and Kembaeh In his jlnltokvie. *"■ P> jt -> *T» 
bit eoo-ia-liw edltdd uotbtr collection tn U37 »s 
FixHicA-dnTjUtcAe JTwvter-iHdaiiim (didenlly meant 
for iiadr-gHliiitn; OBt den aum-uua feHtofi-Einui- 
gtiitti. Fre^liiAgtuoHn ta hie Sent gtiiirttettt ft fl,, 
1 jl*. Included 7, meet of which passed Into oilier backs, 
lUny at hk hymns ire excellent, thoughtful, good In 
style, ud vum In reeling. Of Bui* 1 ! hymne those 
which have pissed into Eagliili m : — 

i. Iker «m Zntu let wu i<& nidiu, TJnd Muut 
niolrti tn dIUt TeH. P*tsh»ti(l«< In bit ?Wj/j. 
«nj«-£i«o«n, 1T12, p. 63, In 6 et. of S I. When 
repeated in the Anmit&iger JWtfUWn-JTrtli!**, 
17 12, No. 62, it WBfl altered to " Dtr nm Krenz 
t»t msfnf Zitftt," and this form wag included in 
the WUrltemaeW G, A, 1741, Ko, 51 (184S, 
Ho. 1^2), and oihar cnllectloiu, and ia a great 
feTonrite in South Germany, It u Eometiuei 
erroneontly aacrioed to J. £. Greding (b. Ift76, 
4. 1746). The alder hymn beginning " Der am 
Kreu* irt (neine Li«be, Meiiw Lieh ist Je»ua 
Christ," is first found in Ahuuerus Fritecb's 
Jesus- Lieder, 1S68, Ho. 21, and is probably by 
Pi'itseh. It i$ quite difTeteht from Rube's hymn 
and haa sat been ft*, into English. The tra. from 
Bubo art (1) " Him on yondor hwss I lave," by 
Ifiai WTs*wdtJS, 1&58, p. 83, repeated In 
Schaff's QtTiit in Song, 1§68, p. 189. (2) " More 
than nil th» world beside," by B, Mttwie in hia 
Lyra Jkmiestioa, I8fi4, p. 132, and thence in 
ReicTi ftBi'*- J*^ 1872. 

U. Ihtt Bur tricht ein n JEttmnwit Second 
Advent. In bis JV£AJiH^s-^uni«u, 1 712, p, 68, 
in 15 at. of 4 1. la Knapp's Sb. L. S., 1837, 
Ho. 73e(18fl5,No, 773>. Soraettmes erroneously 
ascribed to H. !>. von Zinisndorf. TV. na : — 

Tht Lnd eaall oom* |a dead Df night. This is 1 



EfJCKEBT, FBIEDK1CH 

fc*, of it. i., iii, f., rii., i^ iv. by Mrs. t'ind later 
in //. L. L., 3rd aer,, 185$, p. 50 (1884, p. 180). 
included in Kennedy, 1663, and abridged, in 
Dr. PagflOitMtur'a Celt,, 1864, and E. Faiton 
Hood's Oar H. Sk., 166B. 

JiL BcLUf imft oni wuhl f nhUf Uab» Zlnd. 
Cradle Hymn. In his IrSMtngt-BtuniBi, 1713, 
p. 1'^ in 15 st. of 4 1., as th* first of the " Cnrilo 
Hymns." It is worthy of attention as being one 
of the finest hymns of its class, Included At 
No. 752 in Freylingh&usen's Heaes geistreicfat 
G. B., 1714, and repeated a* No. 1418 in the 
Berlin 0. L. S. r ed. 18oJ. Tr. ae :— 

M»p weD, nnr Usui tl**f aaCa and Crt*7 A 
gnod (i*,, omitting at, riti., Jiiii., iir^ by J. C. 
Jacob! in his Psal. Germanics, 1722, p. 142 (ed, 
1732, p. 190, altered). Included as No. 328 In 
pt. i. of the Moravian II. Bh. t 1754, with tr*, of 
at. aiii., xir. added : and repeated, altered and 
ahridged, in later eds. (18B6, No, 11$3, in 5 it.). 
In 1873 Dr. Martineuu, in bis Syi. of Praia 
and Prayer, No. 74B, adopted the tra. of St, i-, 
iv,, t., it,, from Jacob i'i 1732 text. In the 
Schaff-Gilman Lib. of Eel. Poetry, 1S81 (1383, 
p, 434), there are 3 at. [J. M.] 

Eutaem, Johomn Cbrlatoph. [Bute, 
I.e.] 

RUcfc*rt, l*rtedricb, e. of JonabTi Mi- 
chael Rilcbert, adrocato at Sch,weinfurt, in 
Bavu-ria, was b. at Schweinfnrt, May 16, 1788. 
He matriculated at the University of Wii»- 
burg Not, 9, 1805 (where he beeame a great 
Meed of Baron Ton Stoelunar of Coburg), 
and unifthed his course there in the apring »f 

1809. He gndnatod ph. d. at Oottingen in 

1810, and oil March 30, IS 11, began to lecture 
at Jenu as a privfttdocentin pbilolofty, but left 
April 16, 1812. On Not. 2, 1812, he was 
appointed Professor of the Gymnasium at 
Hanau, bnt reeigned before entering on hia 
duties, and left Hanau Jan. 21, 1819. He th 
then for some time liviBfr at Wtlrzhur^ as a 
man of letters, thereafter at Bettenburg naar 
Hneafntt, &c la Dec. 1815 he begun work 
at Stuttgart as joint editor of the Morgenbloii, 
retirins; from it Jan. 6, 1817. For some tune 
he travelled in Italy, &k, and then in the end 
of 1320 settled ut Cobuw as n man of letter*. 
On his appointment as Professor of Oriental 
language* at firlangen he went there In 
Not. 1830 ; and then, in 1811, was appointed 
Professor of Oriental Languagea at Berlin. 
During the Berelutionary period of March, 
1818, he left Berlin and never returned, but 
received a pension in 1819, He retired, to his 
estiite of Seusces, near Ooburo;, and resided 
there till hia death on Jan. Bl,18c56{JVi«df«A 
RSeliett. Sin MorjraphiieheB Denkmattl. By 
Dr. C. Beyer, Frankfurt am Main, 1808 • A'etts 
NittheUangen, by Beyer, 1873 ; Riiokort'i 
Nacttgebtttew Gtdiebt*, Vienna, 1877, ftc). 

Hlkkeit vw one of the greatest l^ru: writer^ and 
one of the mck thoughtful uad earnest poets that Ger- 
many haa produced, from, the time tuat, unable to 
Like part in the ware against Napoleon, he bsned hla 
litaltehs Ctdiclif (at Heidelberg) to 1414, containing 
hia fanwoa " GriiamiKhta Sonnette, H hepubllahed hlni- 
self or contributed, to the pnbllcatlona of otoera, a meat 
voluminooB masa of poetry original and tianElBted (a#e 
the foil bIhlloKraphy ia the work* aotvd above^ : a 
complete od. or bla poems appearing finally at Frankfurt 
am Main, HsS-Cl, in 12 vole, as hit atttuntntlitpoetitt)* 
Wcrki. A cotiMclerablc pruportiop. of hie potmi are trt. 
and adjptatlons from I Ik reman, Arabio, Sanacrlt and 
dilnese, TJinmghout Ills poame ba pwaervea a tiffa 



ETJLEBS OF SODOM 

level of purity of thought iwfl trn«s*loii ; and dlqilayj 
■ wooderfnl mastery of farm and ponw of handling 
tba Omni Unguis*. He *•» * dWy Hllglous 
spirit, and wrote Tariomi ecle pome on Bnulcal history, 
e.g. jLetfli JiuH, 1SS9I *uJ vfld Jfcwfd, 1W3; «d4 
Mjrafc* der ctmk, i«i*. lie en hardly however be 
called i hynw-writei ; the serond of tba poems noted 
beidv bring ■hno«t th» only piece by htm which has 
psaiad into tba (termm hynm-boalcs. A UtgH nombe* 
of hla pnttna hava bran IK into English by .ifrB. JWncA, 
W. Join Jlniif, Dr. jY. £. JTWjWtljlJuwt, J>r. C. T. 
iThtofeS, and varioas ntheia. 

Of Ruckerf a pieces we need here only note 
fonr, Darnely : — 

L In Taiadiat btlsl ttbtrur uuu Denial Lr^fe. 
1t.t pub. as mi of bis JYttte ettUelt* Hon* la the Jguia 
tat 18JU. Imludrd bi his OitaauuUt Otdlcllit, tr- 
lanpai, 183*, vol. L p, 9S, In U at., «btltl£d " PumdaW." 
Tilt in. are (1) " 06 ! PsiwliM mdst shaw mot* Mr," 
by Asp. Trace, In bte ^whu/tbm fbjtem sbumei. i*ta, 

p. 199. {!> " Ob. Faradlee Bluet ftfaer be." Siv™, 
without uu of translator. Is Dr. H. B»n«'» Iff 
Jtrmak*, IW^ p. at, wd in SchaJTi t'*r(*t ft) Anj, 
ise), p. ft*}. 

1L Darn. XWf kenunt in aitnan HUHan, J4tmt. 
Tlila heddb first to hsve anpaamd in bis oVmnawttc 
Pedspafe, friangen, IBM, *nL 1. p. 91, ifl t St. of « I. Ot 
certainly did not appear along with Ha. Ili. In isw), 
t4id entitled " Advent Hymn, it J> Used on St. Mall, 
nl. 1-11, the Gospel ftc the lit S. In Adrtnt. It is 
Included In tin Berlin G, £, S.. ed. l««a, Un. 1UI, and 
In various elber reoent German bywp-bopka. Tb» frj. 
are= (I) "Ho comm, no royal vesture wearing." By 
T.C Porter. Written Aprils, IMS, ferAnrfnf fibs*, 
N. Y,. Jons, HC*, <1) '-111 lonly s^riH tbr King 
■pptaitth." By Br. J. Trwitbecfc » Sciumaim's 
adtctte flynift, NoTtllo, n. p., isle* 

JiL Si iat in BttLWum «b»i*B< Beiifcftest and 
Cstierg. lit pull, u Mo. Irfi nrita of " Hyoni tte 
Falfnla by Friedrkh Bflckxrt," In U» IMnJwninw* 
fun DdJlHffn Vs^Haont ou/ du /air ISM, LoipiVtC, 
)*t«, p. Jlo, In 10 si. of S 1. Repeated In H. Rurfeti 
^uttolojM itialitiicr Lyrii, ibTB, Nft a*. Tba (ri. aw 
(I) "In B«tJlleh(m Hcflntirtet." By If, L. Ftvthinf 
bout, iSaC, p. lse. (X) « In Buhlabcm tbe Lord in 
boiti." fe JTUi F/infcimTfh, 1B6S, p. 338. (3) "111 
BetilelienL, las tort of floiy. 1 ' By T. C. Foftef fu 
jffonn o( Bom*, N. r.. Wardi, IMS. 

fr. Un Mmemaeht nab lah muU, ttvinlght, 
1st pub. in Nlmlaiu Lena 11 'a .rYaUinatitlBUUHUn, Shllt- 
gart, 1B35. Included in bis Aluu- timJ •TaArriMn*, 
toL i., EriuuKii, 1B36 (vol. t. of kla 0EUnn«!(r 6V 
dVcsb), p. SIS, in * at. of ( I., as on* of tba potmo 
written at Neuaeat Ln iho autumn of 1*33. KepHttl br 
Xattt, No. 6(. The In. art (1) " at still luVlnlgljt I 
ralH ay atgbt." By If. L. Jh>J*>Jlj*fl». IKK, p. IT*. 
(31 « At dead of nlgnt Sleep took bar flight." By MlH 
Winkwortb, In Ijn Ifgitiea, 1855. p. 34t,uid repeattd 
In her OtriHIan Singeri, lat), p. M7. [J. M.J 

Kulsra of Sodom! hear the voioe. 
TT, Cotnervfl. [TW« F«i<»b»m.] 1st appeared 
as No. 17 ia tie Draft Scottish 2Wm»j«i«m« 
a«{I ParsjJiroiet, 1781, aa a Tenion of leaiah L 
10-19, in 7 6t. of 4 1. Thence, with e-t Tii. 
L 1 altered, in the public ironltlp «d. iemed 
til that year W the Church of Scotland, and 
still in ute. Id the markings by the eldeet 
dauejliter of W. Oaaiecoa (<j. tJ, it is aacribed 
to Csjnwoti, Iuclu4ei in the Relief if. BJs., 
I83S, and again ia gthera. [J. M,] 

fiuBseM, Arthur Tozar, ha. He was 
the son of the BeT. thaints Clout, 'who later 
ehfcnged hit sunutme for BlUTHell (Gent Mag., 
184S, p. 209 ; Owur. Hy„ p. HS9, 1, , 6), nil Inde- 
pendent or CongteKatiooiil minuter who won 
fw hiiuaelf a good reputation by editing the 
works of Ty ndalc, Frith, BameB, And Dr. Jolin 
Owen, Ac. lie waa b. at NorthaioptnD, March 
£0, 1806; educftted at St Saviour's School, 
Boathwark, and at tlie Mciuhant Taylors' 
School r Jjondon (of. Robinson's Eeointer 
M. T. 3., ii., 217> In 1833^24 he was at Man- 
cheebar College, York (we Boll of the M, 0. 



BUSBELL, AETHtJE TOZEB 981 

etudents). In 1B2J he entered Bt Joho'i 
College, Csmbridge, 93 a aiiay, and hi hii 
freshman year gained the Hutaean Prize, ib 
subject being, " Id what teepeots the Law ii 
a Schoolma&ter to htino; men to Chriat. 1 ' In 
1329 he waa ordained by the Btihop of 
Ltneoln (Kaye), and lieenaed to the Cmoey 
of Great Giansd«b T Hants, and in 1830 waa 
preferred to the Vicsrage of Cozton, whieh 
ne held till 18S2. During his tninietryhew 
he published the following works : Tha CSafmj 
of the Cnitroh of England upon the JffetHotu 
of the Pwplt f Isaa) ; Strmettw for Ftutt mut 
F&tival* ; A Critiqite upon Ktblt'i Strnton on 
Tradition, in opposition. About 1840 ap- 
pealed his Apology of the Chunk of England 
and cm Epittle to Setgnor Sapio concerning the 
Gountil a? Trenf, trantiated /ran ths original 
Latin of Bp. JeuxlL About the B6JM tune 
ftppeowd Hymn Time*, Original and S&cted, 
from Eavetvcroft and Other old Mvtitkmt, 
ID 1841 waa publbbed A Manual of Daily 
Prayer. In 1844 Memorial! of the ffprla Olid 
Life ef IV. Thtooaf FuUer. This Life has 
not been enperaeded by Heiley'a. later and 
over-bulky Life, It has floe things in it 
It ia severe on Tract X0- In 1848 various 
of his owd hymiiav orlnsal aod *r. from the 
German, appealed in Bymat for Pub. Wor- 
thip, 4o^ Dfllitoii Hospital, London. Hia first 
appearance as a hy ran -writer waa In the 3rd 
edition of the hymn-book published by bis 
father {1st cd. 1813), and known amoneat 
CoagregatiooBliEtB as Buatari'a Appendix 
[see C«a(. Hymnottj, p. Mt, i. § 67]. In 1847 
followed The Chrittian Life. In 18S1 Piatnu 
and Hymia, partly original, part^ niectod, 
for the Vie of ihe Church of England, This 
uoet modest collection hog not received the 
recognition that it ludiapatably raerita. Hii 
ortguml hyn™*, and tranalattona have found 
tbetT way into many hyutuda, e.g.. Dr. Peter 
Maoricra Choral H, Bk~ 1861 f where eeveral 
appeared for the tint time; Dr. Maurice's 
Choral Harmony, ISM, contains, two of his 
tunes ; Dr. B. B. Kennedy's Htpnttohgia 
Chritiiana, 1863; Lord SettmnVB Book ef 
Praae, &c (1862). In 1852 ho was preiented 
to the Vicarage of Whaddon, Cambndgeahiie. 
This, in 186S, he eiohauged for St Thomas's, 
Toiteth Park, Liverpool. While at Whaddon 
he published Advent and other Sermon*. In 
1&69 appeared bis best prose book, Manorial) 
of the Life and Works of Bishop Andrtwe*. 
With eTery deduction it ia a hring biography. 
In Liverpool ho republished his Symn-baA. 
In 1883 he addressed a "weighty and 
powerful" Letter to the Biahop of Oxford 
on Dr. Stanley— virtually a trenchant review 
of the once notorious Ettays and Bevieies. 
In IS*)7 he removed to Wrockwatdine Woodj 
Bhfopabire, where he remained until 1874, 
when he was presented to the Beetory of 
Southwiok, near Brighton. Here he d„ 
after a lon^ and diatiessine; UIdcbe, en the 
l^th of November, 1S74. In his earlier yean 
ho was tin extreme High Churchman, but by 
the study of St Augustine his views were 
changed and he became, and continued to the 
end. a moderate Calvinist. His original 
hymns are gracious and tender, thoughtful 
and dovont- His translations op the wholo 
are vigorous and strong, but aorawwhat ultra- 



082 BUSSELL, AUTHTm TOZETt 

faithful to the original metres, Ac He left 
behind htm a Hitiory of (As BiiKopt of 
England and WaUt in MB., sufficient to 
form three or (bur goodly octavos, mid 
numerous us. Notes, on the Text of the 
Greek Testament; and also p. large number 
of Original tihauts and liymti-tiincn ie Ma. 
Surely the lost ought to be utilized ; and tlw 
former deposited ia his College of St John's. 

[A. i(. G.] 

Of Rmsdl's hymns a largo number arc in- 
cluded in Kennedy, 1863, aud several also are 
in a fow of the lesser known collections. Tlie 
trt t are notefl elsewhere in this Dictionary, 
and may be found through the Index of 
Author* ud Trutlitoii. Of his original 
hymns, about 140 in nil, including those in 
Dr. Maurice's Choral S. Bk,, 18GI, the 
following lire found hi a few collections : — 

1. Christ la rtien [ O'er Hie foes Us relgn*th. 

3. Glva ptaljs bj Sod cmr Kfnj, Pmfja. 

3. Una ia tbs Lon| ; let us r»ise. .Pf, KfTiH. 

4. If all, O bail. Out lowly King. Praiti to (Thrift. 
(jHurica, 1841.) 

f>. Hall, Lota, our Consofatten, PA/iti, s*a O™- 
Hilsr. (J&ulrlca, IBS!,) 

*. Iloly (Jhost, Who us lnstructest, HMnixluk, 
7. Bdy Spirit given, HltmijUi'ife. 
h. Hocnnna, bleea the Saviour's .Name, jhtnenl. 
9. In the nooimt It shall tn sun. Consslmioit. 

10. In the tomb, lothold He lice, J&ulff if«, Some- 
times " In the niffhi */ death, lie ties." 

11. Jean, At Thy Invitation. HtAy rbnuftuaron. 

12. Jesu, Thou cmr pore [enter] delight. IVafreJor 
SMvatim. 

13. Je«u, wli«i I think en Thee. Jit 4£idioR. 

14. JetU, Who fitf my tranHgrajaicifi. CDad Friday. 

15. Jbbu, Lord most mighty. £eRg. 

14+ Ijll thlna eyea far haste to he*Ydn. Looking 
ItaiE^mi. SCTQelimea ' l f,trl i^y JmwifOT eyes to heaven. 

U, Lo,ln'mid hetnen the angel fllea, T*a JaVowjnj 
qf Ths GosweI. 

19. Lord, be Thou out Strength In CToafcnesa. /n. 
jl^icfum, 

19. Lard, idt hope In Thee abidefth. JJtme t'ti Jie^u*. 

SO, Lord, when our breath uh&ll fpll In death. UroJn 

21. Lord, Who haat formed nie+ S&l/-Cbjias<:'' , e^ion. 

M. My God, to Tow I fly, i» AJftittim. Some- 
times" Gmri God, to Thee we fly." 

33. Might's shadows filling. Jtveniitg. 

24. Moir he thanks Hid pr»1no sscsiidtntr. Praite. 

25. Now to Chris* our Lib and Light. £«ninjj. 
2G. glorious, triumplul dny. £sc£«r 4 

2f. Uod of life, Woofie p0w«r benign. Tr^fiffjl 
Is the Dulatciri Hyi.for .Pub. Wsrfftigi, ft*,. Ift4#, Tiom 
Uila "O Fitiar, nscisaled Tjard," In L, W. Pkop"? 
Ckurc* St., N. V. 1883, la t»kem. 

28. llrtd and Lord of all ciEat[on. PnUuKfiib, 

29. O Jtsn, Meat la he, Onuoiniioa. 

3D. OJ*sm we adore TlMc, Baud Fridn#. 

31. O Stvlonr, an (be tietvenlf f (irons. TA« Z>i'riiu 
CitiLj tun! Prriltetar. (Aaurice, IStlO 

32. OTtwnWhtiiiTOfill dost relKn. cAkitA r^faioj. 

33. Praise tnd Weaslnj, JiOiA, rm given. J'n'lits u 

M. fralaa tba Lord: prtlea our King. Adeent* 

at. Tlw Lord unto my Lord tius aaiil. It, ex. 

3t. The Horning [promised] Star apptawth. ^riii- 
wm. 

31. The nWit of darkness fuel declinelh. jVi'tti'smj. 

3ft. The wny to heaven Thou si^ o Lord, Jetvt tie 
Way, Tnila, and /^-s. SametiiBeB "Thon art Ihe W*y : 
lfe»i tip's gnte> O I^std." 

3V. Tlion Who Ilaat Hi Inaven ascended, Alaiiitiait. 

iO. To lliiu Wild (M tui slna in »lain. I'ra.ixtti 
J«ui, lis SSlutoijr. IVrlttii: Friday, Jin. 24, 1SIU. 

«, W« praise, we Wtsu TJjb?. Mtiif Trinily. 

12. VVlJlt.nijBrjIrit.slioLiIiIopIiTMiBtbfS. /n JJTIirJiof). 

43. What thciugh LhtiObgh desert pitha Ttmn Je»deetf 
Ettutity anit ConmlatfoH in Vhrlft, 

44, Whom aball I, niy [we Dur] refuse msMng, £eil'< 
Banetlmea ■' Whom ahnl] vx twr Refuge m»Klnj,'," 

*S. Whuace'ei' ill Me DOlLOveth. Tilt ResiiTTCciian. 
46. Why, O whycast diiM'n, my spirit ? M .tjiietif/n. 
it. Wlui 4M«J xhy rraiss « ilTraer* slnif, J^nl. 
SomeUnieg "With trembling iire Thy praise we sLng." 



HTjTILtlTS, MABTIH 

49. With «hs«Tful hope, my bdqI, axuje. SccuHfy til 
Sad. 

4».'Ye hoais Hmt if la command* attend. Vnivrial 
Pvaiie of Jews, 

so. Your aiiuntltm, emrth snd h«vea r nolle. 
Universal frai* (o Chriti. 

Unless otherwise] stated, all tliC abore ap- 
peared in Hussell'e Pi. & Hyt., 1351, The 
total mimber of origlanl hymns contributed 
by him to Maurice's Ghoi^al M. B!t. -was 21. 

[J. J.] 

Knimell, William, was b. in Glasgow in 
17&ci, and educated nt tlie University of Glas- 
gow. Removing from Scotland to America, 
he waa at Savannah in 1317, and subsequently 
at Other places in the United States, lie \tas 
an active promoter of education, teachers' as- 
sociations, and kindred objects, and did mnch 
to further the cause of education in the States, 
He -was originally A Baptist, bat did not hold 
to close communion. He d. at Lancnster, Mas- 
sachusetts, Aug. 16, 1873. His hymn, " O'or 
the dark wave of Galilee " (Christ is.tkMUtd<i), 
begins with at iii. of a poem written by Jiitn 
at Qw request of Dr. Ware, editor of the 
Unitarian Otrittian J&aminer, and printed 
therein in I82u. [F. M. B.] 

Riieaell, William, contrlbnted a few 

hymns to Wdiiam Carlofe Hymn Soak, 1851, 
and to some minor collections. Tlie beat known 
in " More nu.rr"d than cay mane," ISfil (I'as- 
tionUde). Ha must no disUnguisbed from 
W. Biisaell, the Ameiisan hynjmst [J, J.] 

Rutiliutv, Martin, s. of Grcgnrius Biidei 
or Butilius (who in 1518 was diaeoims nt 
Salxa, near Magdeburg, and in JS51 became 
paster at Diiben on tlie Btiildc, in Saxony), 
was b. Jren. 21, 1550. After studying at the 
Universities of Wittenberg and Jena, ho was 
appointed, in 1575, pastor at Tuutlcben, neat 
Gotha. In 153ti ha becuroo diaconus at 
Weimflr, wher^ after being for some timo 
archidiaennns, ho d. Jan. 18, 1U1S. (IT. 
Gotdeke's Grwdriw, vol, iii., 1887, p. 153: 
articles by Dr. Linko in the BiathrfSr Jfjrin- 
fioto<ti#, 1387, pp. 82,89, tm.) llntilins's name 
has ljeen a«socmled with tho well-known Ger- 
man hymn which Tjegins;^ 

1, inh o*tt uud H«fr, Mrf* gtott ia& uhver. I-fvt. 
The flrac printed tctrm Qf any part «f Uala hymn la in a 
sermon preached by Dr. Johann M^jor or GroSA ^se* 
Jn\jbr in YsxaDva) in the Town Chnmh st Jma, on 
June S, 1613. It was orcMlonert by tits grist etorni 
which bnrel crer VVclmaT on Mjiy SS, 161J1, and esused 
[kvulMlon fur in Ilea around. The s.-rmwi emls thus :— 
"0 bone Deiu, hio uio, hie etta, lib: [J align, hie tundu, 
modo In allcmnm parce i 

'• Soils Jaseyn, 

HawRtruDund Pain. 

Auff SQtide folgen ninssen : 

So fihr hie furt, 

Uj]d Bchone dort, 

Und lam mieh Ja wol busocn. 
" Nn ^oilan der IfeTr bata )jB|^rien, der MeVt hala 
cenomtneu, der Nama dos llerlrn suy gtluht, lieut TJT4rl In 
nil* E<iijn\uit. Amen. Amen. Kmle." As Dr. Llntfi 
snjrgesis the elania hero given looks mnili raoro like a 
rbynied Tei'slori of tEu* liatln qnacation zoado by bLJur 
fur tlie pn^ows of his sermon, than a versa ([noted from 
ii tiymn already known. The 1st cd. of lite Berrneit vu 
printed at Jena, am! the la\ Lii. at KiRloben, Mtv in 
1613. The title begins, Gtfiaiil: uitd Eriiuvrtt'iff' Pre- 
digl, Yon drm graiwauisii ftiiJiHi-)- unnd MftreciiicStn 
firaiiMir gumit ThiiTinsen htiittganclitt mrrdai am 
SrMnaJjtmi iff Tfinilatit in <lcr nathi, war tfen M. 
.Viiji ditiut i<ntttli£Kdai 1613. Jahrs. In the Hid cd. 
there Is pclnt A at the cnil, hy Itself, a hymn In 6 64. of 
6 1, usniely. I. Acli (JnttunnrlHerr. n. IJefrlshgleirli 
welt, 3. Zu dir fllehe leh. i, SrAU ia ?eyn. 6. Gib 
Herr Gedult. f . lltndel silt m<r. That these elania* 



BYLAKD, JOHN 

an all by Main seems at least highly probable. Tbe(y 
passed Into iSslchkir FYenek's (?«'tflWn vraattsiiacM 
jbiu^artcm, NUmbetg, 1818, as Mb, ivit. As No. *yL 
Frasck tWea tba fellmlw : 1. Gleleh vie skh Mil. 
1. Also Hen Christ- Bow sri. iri svil. are ifl>en 
without name of author. In J. Clwufef a FaoJawdia 
«u, AltenbiiTg. 1621, So. «T 1b Fram*'* So*. is, tat 
with toiir at. alidad, vit., & Helnr Hand Arbeit, 4. Pit 
Selte nwin. 6, Dalian tcb. Melb. *. Hue sey wm 
Tilt Ann now In tub <i lbnnd in & DersoDaii's Akimt. 
lataw pettn&ftt itabr, Kcnigabsrg. lfrM, p. T». where 
It Is In it st, vix. it. i-'L as In 1613. and Bt, vii,-*, 
from ClaudeiB i-, 11, t-, t). This form passed Into moot 
later books, tin! la No. sfis In tha PHft L. &,. 1391, 

At flrat tie hymn seems to have jiassed Into Hie col- 
lection! either aa anonymous or signed "J. 0„" Le, 
Jobann Gross, Then in dander's 2nd ei, waft, the 
tint pint was signed " J. <3ii.," whldl was forthwith 
nken to mean Johamn GStoel, who was b. si Alldarf 
Aug. 31, lose, became pastor at Dlenatedt, nsai Xranlch- 
feld, in 1583, and d. atDlenatedt In KM. So it went on 
tlU 178*, wbfn Caspar Binder, pastor at Mittatedt, pub. 
at Jena Ida ailtJHJtluS' JiVwiu Cor the purpose of 
showing that the hymn wat by Rutlltus. In tills book 
Hinder declared that he bad hi hla possession an auto- 
axaph albom, which ftrmsrlr belonged to Mekblar 
Francko, sometime tmrfowmter *t Weimar; and tiat 
In this allium no bad mood tb*liynitt"A*b Got&nnd 
Hen " fin th* est. form of 1913), entitled, " A Prayer 
tor tho fontreiuaa of situ, for patterns unflei the eross, 
ud for deliverance from erurlaitliK pnnUhnjettt." Hn 
adds that It was enoKrlbed ;—'■ M. Msilirma Rntlllus, 
Diaooaaa EcdesbM Vinertensls twit et propria menu 
Mrlpstt. 

" Jess, du Sbhn Davids, cibann dleh mein, 
Lass rneln SOod ingtdcckct sera, 
Im Sterben wollet mein Beyctend bleloen 
Von Toot sum Leben bringn uttt FrcudeD, 
DeuW.Mayl.So*." 
The dale hero Is almost certainly a misreading or a 
misprint, Lh instead of leu It should be 16I1. If then 
cm May 38v 1814, RutlUus Has ask eil to write sonulMng, 
in this album, irhat mace nanrntl tnaxt tnat on the 
wmlTuBmry flf May lb, 1613, bi abould trwucrlbe eonie- 
tblngnlated to tl»t calaurtty. If tna » fecit el propria 
uunu nrlpeJt " meam more tim " 1 certify turn lik la 
my •.utqgntpli," It riu tardly refer to anytilnt but tbe 
tour Ibm qucled Above. KuUIIms was by no mcanj of a 
poetic nature, and these four Tery baiting lines axe much 
more likely to be hl» mmpuBlt Ion tnan are the Bl* etaniaa 
of Ine orifjnal. 

On tbe whole then tltero seems no good reawn to 
lacrihe any part of tbe hymn to RutiRto. Tbe eli 
atans* form Is alnuwt certainly by Major. Wherever a 
name baa been attached to at. vii^-x. they too have been 
aeorlbed to Major. So that tbere appears at least a high 
probability Hut tbe 10 etUDnalorm Is by Major. 
The translations in C. V. ara : — 
1. D God my Lord .' How gnat's tbe Hoard, In 
full by J. C JscDhi, In tis Psal. Qerrxanlea, 
1722, J>. 66. Jn his ed. 1732, p. 89, it was 
greatly altered, and it. L.-iii., wiit., 1. of tfli* 
form wera included ia the Sva»ff. Umon tit Si,, 

1. TTle» riabif vJnda, jnd rain dasoendlita;, 
Ihia ia a fees 1r, in 8 1., of at. vii.-x. by T. 
Dutton, as No, 2S0 in the JTarrofaw //. 5*., 178S 
(1S8S, No. 314). Included id Dr. Mnrtinaau's 
ffgs. of Praiea and Prayer, 1873. 

3. AlaA 1 my Owl I Ky una art gnat. A good 
tr. of st. i.-vL, hy Misa Winkwort.Ii, as No. 107 
in her C. B. fm- Haf/Jand, 1883. Eepcfttsd, 
omitting at. it-., in the Ohio Lath. HyU, 18S0. 

Other in. an 1 — 

(1) " Aa email blfda ma A bole totbusc" (et.vli.~x.) 
as No. 44H, in bt. 1 or the Moravian it. si., lis*, 
(a) "Alas r my Lord and God." Hy Ka Vrtnkmril, 
1B56, p. 130. [J. M.] 

Ryland, John, d.t>., b. of Scvt. John Col- 
lott Ryland, wna b. nt Warwickj Jun. 29, 
1753. At that tiirie his father was Baptist 
minuter at Warwick, but in 1750 remnvwl to 
Northampton. " J. Kyland, junior," an for 
many years he was accustomed to subscribe 
himself, wm in 17*1 ordained co-paator wiUt 



fiYLAND, JOHH 



ft83 



hba father at NortliaDipioti. In 1791 ho ac- 
cepted the presideney of the Baptist College 
and the pastorate of the church in Brcadmend, 
Bristol, and thuse offices be retained until his 
deatb oa Judo 33, 1825. Dr. Eyland mi a 
djhi of connideTnbJe litersry oultur« r and re- 
ceived the degree of D.s. from Brown Uni- 
versity, Bhode Island, He was one of the 
founder* of the Baptist Missionary Society, 
and for tho three years following the death of 
Rev. A. Fuller, in 181 5, acted fift its eecretaiy, 
Hta prose works were Memoirt of Rev, B. Hall, 
Jitt% (2nd efl., 1852); d eaitdid ilatement of 
(he reatont which induce Baptiett io diftrfrom 
Utotr Christian ItviAten; and many Sermons 
and Charges. After his death appeared t vols, 
of Discourtoa, selected ftom his mss>, and en- 
titled PattercA Memorials. To these diaeoun^ 
are appended many of his hymns, with their 
dates. Dr. By land's hymns -were composed 
at different times, from Jiia sixteenth year to 
the year of his death. The earliest were pitbi 
when he was US, in his Striottt Essays, 1771. 
These M hymns were neyoi' republiehed, 
Several appeared in the Gospel Magazine from 
1771 to 1782, and the I'mtwtant Magazine, 
l7B2-§3 ; others in Blppon's Bapt Settdion, 
I7E7; 2 hi tile CvUntiioit for tie Monthly 
Prayey Meeting at Bristol, 1797 ; 3 in Andrew 
Fuller's J&mows, 1881 ; and 25 ia the Faftoral 
Memorials, 1625. His Hymns ant& Yetiet On 
Sacred SB&jec((, U> the number of 0fl, were 
reprinted from liis ass. by D. Sedgwick. - 
and were pub., with a Menwir, in 18&2. The 
bymm are dated therein from the use, 

[W. B. S.] 
Those of Dr. Byland's hymns now in C. U. 
include : — 

1, J« Zlon's aalw IT1 not nttniiL ifisrioiu. 
Dated 1T9B, end nrlnted by D. Scilgwlck bum Eylaad's 
kss., ISftS. 

2, Had not tba Lord, nj sobI may say [ery], Ps. 
ojiir. From Ms Scrtout Esmys, nil. It Is So. 11M 
In Sputeenn'a O. Q. U. Bk., i£SS, Not In SedEWldi'a 
reprbit. 

3, Holy, hdy. haly Lori, wlf-exietent Salty- BSlSf 
IWfliiy. Dated 17 W. II tbs giTen In tbe 101b ed. of 
Elppcli'a Bap. SJ., 1900. Pt. a, No. xi; in tbe Paturol 
Memorials, 19SJ: and Sedprick'u reprint, iSSJ, in 5 at. 
of is I. It is in C. U. In Q. Britain and America. 

*. Look down, mynonl, oa baU'a duualu. Grafilml* 
/tr escape. Thig is Wo. ssl In Spnrgeon's o. O. H. fftr. 
I sen, and dated 1171. tVs cannot traee It in aiu< or 
Byland's works or amongst bis hymns. 

£. Latd, ttuh a little cllld |a pray, Ji. OWM*i 
U> this h 



FlM^KT, 



Dated 



n»s. Tbe note 



1 hymn hyl*. 



h^ytand 3 £ eon, in Sadgwtck'a reprint lflfiff, p, ]B 3 la:^ 
"This and ibe following hymn ["God leynry good to 
me"] was composed at tbe request of M"rs. Tnller, wife 
of the Rev. Andrew Fuller, of lift taring, tor the use of 
Miss Bafah Fuller, who died Hsy Mtb, llsa, aged six 
years and sta monlh&" It was put. let Andrew Fullei'a 
Htnv/irt, 1*31, p. tts, and in SeSffii'lehV reprint, 1653. 

6, rT«r let the alnmhering oJtunk awalu, Aativsiij 
(n tt&yjhurA daircd. Dated " Feb. SB, 1193." l^b. 
in ths" /^jsiorol Jftmojoor*, 18SS, and in fMgwl<J;'n 
reprint, isds. In Snuigeon'a O. O. It. JKt,, isoo. 

T. Lord, I would delight in Tboe. Ddigkt {m 
Chritt. Dated " Dee. 3, 1171." Dr. Ityland added tbta 
not* to tbe )is. i— ' ' I recollect deeper feelings of mind In 
(omposlns Uiig biton, thAn peiliapa I eixr felt In 
making any otber. It was pi:b r In fllppon'a ftcl,, 119^, 
No. HiB : In tbe Ptutffyoj J#mioHaJi ± 1S3& ; aihl In 
SedgwicVa reprint, 1>>££, in 7 Bt. on 1. It [5 in flxtnrisiTO 
dee in its ofieEnal, or an Abbieriated form; or aa "*o 
Lotd tix Ti'ontd dell (tilt In Th«." In tbe- American 
Meth. ICiJsco. Ht/mns, lsanj ami their 2}ymnal, 1BTS, 
st> t„ ti., vi,, vii. are Te^Tltten In *. jr. as "I/urd, I 
dold^bt In Thae." 

9. Out of the deptha of doobt and ftajr, fi. ftfe. 
From tbe Ssriow Eiiayt, ifTl (misdated In Spnrgeon'e 
(f. O. ;/. *t. t lUij. It is not tn Hie Paiturat Mt- 
Rtorioli, lB2o, nef In Sedgvick's nprlut, 19S9, 



08* 



S. 



9. XejoJaa, tb* Saviour nina, JUr'aiunu. bated 
" Jan. 14. 17(1" In Ibe IMS «d. of Klppen'a *1„ 
164o, 412 (Sua pt) it 1b giTau in t at. of 4 1.. w in 
tba Byland m*.. and then after the wort "P»bm " two 
ibanx&g in added en, which art not la tit m. The 
A eta. ware repeatsd in the fusforal Jftnai'ints, 18!*; 
lit Sedgwick's reprint, 1BS3; and in Spurgeon's 0. 0. IT. 
flfe,, jsgs (abbreviated), and other modem hymnals. 

10, Etavvelfii Ruler of tile abiaa. G^iaanw, Piatt, 
and SeaiTiljf in Cod. Dated " Au£. 1, 17T7." Included 
in Hlppon'sifef., 1797. No. 040 ; tboi\uloral JfemdriaYt, 
IMS ; ami Sedgwick's reprint. IMS. in J tt. of i I. 

11, Tfcoa Bin of God, and. Suit of Han. Praise to 
<rOd, fft< *Swi* Thia ia uudated. It was given in the 
JmfrjraJ Henarielt, WIS ; and Sedgwick's reprint, ia*t 

11. 'When Atoahun'l servant to proem. Onward, 
ffcavcitimrtf. Dr. RyUmd'B boh, under the daw of 
Nor. 4, 18*1, Informed It. Sedgwick that this hymn 
■* was written with a Hate pencil on a ruaty iron bluwar 
by moonlight, past twelve o'clock, J>ec. 34, 1773," and 
lie gives these words as a quotation from hia father's 
*s. It is (Uuwst necdLesa to add that this account does 
not agree with the generally received history of the 
hymn, a^ set forth In SJlller'a Jfingert and j&mpr, 1565, 
p. 313. fnthe llay number of the CoajjeE 4fe£<utas, 17T5, 
p. 535, the hymn was given in fl sL of 4 1,, wtlb 
the heading "Hinder me not — lien. xxlv. sa, h and 
signed *' Elacbistateras," It was repeated fn Rlppon's 
Sel., US?, No. 447; and Sedgwick's reprint, 1BBS, ]n 
AiDj»n a note IS added, l+ This hymn may herein with 
Gth verse,'' This direction haa been followed in some 
modem collections, the result being tbs hymn COH> 
nsooiy Imown aa " In all my Lord's appointed ways." 

13, T B T»n the Saviour dwelt below, Gempattim qf 
Chrtit. Dated IWf. Included In Ibe Pastoral Jfc- 
etcriatt. 16!o, and Sedgwick's reprint, lat!. 

Dr. Ryl&nd'a hymns are plain and simple, 
but the; lack poetry and passion, imd are not 
Likely to be largely drawn upon , far future 
hymnals. [J. J.] 



s 



S., in the Bristol Bapt, Cell- of Ash and 
Evans, 1769, i.e. Elizabeth Scott. 

B. D., in the game, i.e. S. Davies. 
S. 33, Mfthmied, i.e. Neheniiah Adams, 
p. 18, i. 

8. 3*7,, in the Gflyw; Magazine 1776, *c, 
Le. Samuel Medley. 

8 1, in the Bristol Bapt. Cctl. of Ash- 
end Evans, 1769, i.e. S. Stenoett. 

Sabbath Of tha saints, of old. 1. W hyie- 
heatl, [Sunday.^ let pub. in l^is Foetm, JS42, 
p. 108, as one of his " Hyrnna towards a Holy 
Week," Id 9 »t of 6 \. t and appotnluti for tLe 
" tkiveiitli Dey." In n* inetan™ is it need in 
Its full abd complete form. The fulluet text 
ie that In the Hymnary, 1S72, No. 50, in £ at,, 
hut usually it is Riven in ii more abbreviated 
term, one of the ahorteat lieing the S. P. C, K. 
Chwrc* ifwmns, 1871, No, 60. One of the 
moat popular forma of the hymn is a, cento 
which is usually appropriated to "Enster 
Etb." It opens : " Beating from His work 
to-day." One of the enilieat, if not tha 
ettrliest, collection io which it appeared wna 
Dr. Hook's Church Sunday Stfutol if. Bfc,, IBM, 
Appendix, No, 232. This is compoad of 
at. iii., iv„ fi„ vii., of tlie original, Thia cento 
wna repeated. With alterations, in Murray'a 
Hymnal, 1B52, and Lam boon adopted by 
Tariona colluctioriB, iucludiue;, with very alight 
(dtemtions, S. A. & ST., 1861, Saturn, 18C8, 
and others. In Biggs' s Annotated ff. A, & M. 
(PrefeoeJ, the editor htm omitted at. v. and 



SACBB, O0TTFBIED W. 

viii. from what he haa given as the crhdnal 
poem. [J. J.] 

Sacsr, Ckittfrled TWiUielm, e. of An- 
dreas Saccr, senior burgcaiaahjT of Naainburg, 
in Smony, was b. at N^umbnrg, July 11,1635, 
Ho entered the University of Jena in lti53, 
and remained there for four years as a student 
of law, He was thereafter- for two yearn 
secretary to Geheimrath von Platen, in Ber- 
lin; and then tutor, flrst to ft son of the 
Swedish Regtming&r&th von Pohlen, And 
then to the sons of the Saxon Lbodbaupt- 
mann von Biinaa . In 1665 he entered the m ili- 
tary service under Hon von Mollison, eom- 
macdaiit at Ltiueberg, at flnt as regimental 
secretary, and afterwkrds as ensign. Sooti 
tiring of this he went to Kiel in 1667, in 
order to graduate u*d,, hut before doing so 
undertook a tour in Holland and Denmark 
with some young noblemen from Holstein. 
In 1670 he settled down as advocate at the 
appeal and uhsjicerY courts in Brunswick 
(graduating LL.D. at Kiel in 1671), and in 1683 
removed to Wolrenbiittel hb £ammer-nnd 
Amts-advocat, receivinR the title of Kiunmet- 
Oonsulent in 1690. He d. at Wolfeabiittel, 
Bept S [1ST, 1699. (Weltel, iii p. L ; Koch, 
iii. 398, iv. 562, &c.) 

Sacer Ugsn tarly to *rite poetry, was admitted by 
Elsl. In 1SW, bb nne of his poeHcal order of Elbe Swans, 
and in his Iftititfckt XritHtfntnoe* wegtn dur tsqjticncn 
Ftxteitii, AUenaUttin. lsei fWclfenVattel Hhrarj], 
already described blmsfjfaa "Kayeeillchcr Foet," I.e. as 
bavlTiz been crowned a a- poet by the Emptror of 
Aiutrb. His hymns are among the best of the period 
immediale\y eucc«adlng Oeirhardt 1'hey have a oon- 
aldejrablo nuaaiirs of poetic glow, and sometimaa or 
dtamattc- force, and are Scriptural Bnd good In atyle. 
Hia Earliest hymns seem to have appeared in hia inzef- 
1,'i^endc, aitpanilB iaa& jriumj!tk£rendt JeiHj, 1681, bnt 
no copy nt thla work Is now known, Manyare incUided 
in nt, il. IBeS. of the Strjlmind p. B. (Ander TfiM del 
crjieHertern <7eaan0~£ucte), and in the other hymnxbooks. 
of the period. They were collected and pah, by his eon-. 
In-law be bis GfltiHzbt, iiakl^rne Littler, at Gotba, 1114. 

Those of Saoer'e hymna which have passed 
into Engliah are : — 

t. Hunb Trauem tad duith flagwn. New Year. 
InclndmJ in 1G65 ns above, pt. ii. p. 35, in 7 st. 
of 8 1, ; repeated 1714, p. 3, entitled "On tho 
New year." It is also in the Berlin &. L. 3., 
ed. 18S3, tJo. 191. The tr. in O. U. i»;— 

Ihnugh many obaaiaful mlrrtil. This il a. 
good tr. by Dr, F. W. flotch, in the Bapfat 
Msgaxiae, Jan. 1357, p. 19, repeated ia the 
1BS0 Suppf. to the Baptist Pi. # Hyi. 

ii. Ojatt faont ant (in HiauuL Ascension. 
Founded on P». ilvii. 6-7. Included in 1565, 
us above, pt. ii. p. 141, in 7 it. of 8 I., and re- 
peated IT 14, p. 27, entitled "On the Ascension 
of Christ." It is s\ss, in the Berlin O. L. S., ed. 
18C3, No- 338. In tiie Wurttemterg G. B., 
1&42, it begins, " Her Herr faint nuf," The 
trs. in C. U. are : — 

1. Io! did t* Jhhtot aiwn4*tk, Thisisagood 
tr. r omitting st. vL, by Miss Coi, in her Saci'tnt 
Jfys. from the Gei-man, 1841, p. 39 (Itys. from the 
Qtnrvrn, 1864, p, 63). Hepented, nbridg*d, ie 
Alford's Pa. f titjs., 1844, and his Year of Praim, 
1807; in Dale's E*g. H. Bk., 1874, kc. 

S. Wbll* up to Hsaven Qui gontb, A ejiiTited 
version, omitting at. yi., by W. J, Blew, printed 
as a leaflet for choir use in 16-lrS, nnd inclodad 
in his fn. fftf. # Tarns 8b^ 1852 ; in Rice's Selec- 
tive fi-oni Blew, 1S70, Mo. 07, and in Lyra ifes~ 
Etanictr, 1664, p. 362. 



SACHSE, CHRISTIAN I*. H. 

Other hymns by Sacer ate . — 

UL Oirtl, isr in aUtr Sanaa] User, fbt **! at 
Sta. Included In J. CrUger'e nYnnwrte Gttang MfciKein 
...gn Pets' SaArffl, Frankfurt am Main, 1*N, No. B79. 
id 10 et., ul repeated, 1T14, p. ?5, in 11 at., entitled 
" Hymn Cot Seafarers." Recently In Knappa Sa. L. K, 
IB3T and 1S6B. 3V. as, '-Thou: who but atretcbed tbe 
h««Tftn*» bin* sky." In L. SeMuesa's PAktc* at &0, 
LBS3,U. 34. 

ir, X*aa aiiul lrfelit la Inttuai rallsa. Cirittfor 
ait. Included, 1114, u above, p. A3, In 10 el. of s I., 
founded on Pe, tt. 13, ml repeated in ue Hannover 6. 
JI, 1140, No. 343. w. u " Lwd, forbid tint e'er such 
error." By Z)r. J. GWArfc. 19SS, p. 11T, 

t. D sase fah Itoaate Thrioutt pujf veffisssan. 
FuuidiUuii. Included la less as abate, pf. L. p. w, tn 
le it. of 4 ]., and reputed. ITU, p. so, entitled « Oon- 
UmplBllon at the piteous death of J«u Christ," In 
th* BerLn ff. A, leal, M. xli.-iTL altered and hwln- 
pinr. « Main Hen uad HxHand, liu mlrs gebn zu Her- 
ten/' at* Included 4* Ha. IKS. This form Is lr. as, 
■• Jjird, touch my heart witb that great Cpnamnmatinb," 

by jr, i. jvriJiinjtaw, win, p. 113. 

Tl. B« iif ltlubMiitfet, KtMiul^nCtiW. In- 
cluded in iMj u aWe.pt. II, p. CGI, lib 11 ■!. of 8 I., 
it. L-sil. being given u spoken by tba child fa Paradise, 
and xlif. as tbe answer of tbe bereaved parents, Ee- 
ptated in 1114, p. II, entitled -Comfort Hum tbe de- 
parted to Uwse bit behind," tbe 1Mb at. being entitled 
"Farewell of tlie sorrowing ones." Recently u No. 8U 
In tbe Ift(». L. &.1B51. IV. u (1) "Lol nor tbe vlc- 
urry's galn'd me," by JKu ftwt, 1841, p. TT. In bar ed. 
of tsw, p. st. It Is altered and begins, "My cue la now 
completed." (1} "Then I nave couojisrVl; then at 
but* by Iftit WWtwMl, ISM, p. 343. (3) " lly 
course ii runj ia glory," by w.s. OaJ»ri», 1661, p. Ids, 

Baoh«, CtarlstlniL Frlsdiich Hein* 
rich, d.tx, m b. July 2, 1TS5, tt Eiaenlierg, 
SMlme-Altcaburg, whej* hi* Either waeoaotoT) 
and bJao master in tlie> town school. Id the 
jests 1804-1 BfJ7 he n-ae a student Dt the Uni- 
TEraitjr of Jena (n,l>. froju Jena 1611), and 
wb«, tiereBftex, for wme time, a private tutor 
at Kleiolaiicbstedt, bear Mersebaig. In IS 12 
he became diwxnujs at MeiiBelwili, near Al ten- 
burg. H« was appointed, io 1823, Court 
preacher at Alteubqrg; nnd also, In 1881, 
OaoBiatoriaJmth. After 1849 he had maaj 
triilft to eqdxiret for B«¥en children and liu 
wife predeceased him, leaving him only one 
daughter; while his bodily infirmities com- 
pelled him, in 1S&9, to give up his duties ia 
the consistory, and, in Feb. I860, to resign 
ewn his work s.b Court preacher. He d, at 
Altenburg, Oat. % ]8c» (XocS, viL 23; O. 
Kraut, ed. 1379, p. 413, *&> 

By bis earlier hjumipot. In 181T, la OKmectlcm with 
UieTerMllteilBrj rfibeftaforimtion, SachK bad t nbare 
Intnerauwnkentngcf Cbnrclily life amonEUieljDiberane 
The more ImpwtADt of lila atler hymn! appured In W» 
SeittiMedrtangt mm GebMra* iti BariilgvHQtii. imd 
W der JBcKefl/6i*r, Altcnburg^ ISM [Himburg Library] ; 
trad were written, ta be used at funatala, during Ida i««l- 
den» at 3IauelwltE i M for vet at tie enedtl service 
Introdoced tbara In lsio, and held In memory of tbe 
departed, on the eTeirinaj of the laaL day of the- year- 
A number of hla later bymna. tugetliei iriih Hkcikms 
from bis secular poems, Trere pnb. pciUnimoiuIr, as bla 
fiedvAtt. Allenbure;, IBS I. A ccnaldeiablB number of 
big hymn* pawed Into tbe Hamburg u". B.. 1941, Leipzig 
0. B., 3844, apd otter Oenmm byntn-bookB, prior to 
1870. 

Ihosa of Saoliee's byram wlilcli havo been 
if, into English are : — 

I. WtblaitJ dla Zrde varttt dda, Sttrinl. 1st 
pub., 1822, as above. No. 2, p. 5, in 8 st. of 4 1., 
entitled, "At the Grave," Included in Kjispfi'j 
E». L. & T 1837, No. 33T5 (1SS6, No. 2947), 
altered, and beginning, " Lebivahl ! die Erde 
wtttet dein." The (f. in C U. ii :— 

Btlned and banaoreid, fkn thea-wvH I This is a 
lull and good ii\, fcy Miss Borthnick, in iL L. 



SAOHBE, CHBIBTIAN S, H. &S6 

l, t 3rd Sef ., 1&53, p. 5« (IS8+, p. ITS). It was 
repented, in full, in Prust's Sxppl Hy&, 186°, 
sad th* I860 Jijpai. to the 5, P. C. X. ft. *> 
ffj;*. ,■ tiod, cmlttiEg st. ii,, in Holy So/ng^ 1869, 
and J. L Porter's ftrf/., 1876. 

iii Wotbuf, wohlaqf nun Ittltn Dug. Burial. 
1st path, 1823, as sbore, Ko. i. f p. 3, in IT it of 
5 1, entitled "Hjmn. during the funeral proces- 
sion." Stanzas i.-r. seem to have been meant 
to ba iUD£ at the house of mourning ; st. vi.- 
iiv., on the way to the churchyard; and at. iv.- 
nvii., at the entrance to th* " pllee of pe*M. B 
It was suag at his own funeral in I860. It was 
Included, omitting st. ill,, is No- 3MH, In Knupp'l 
Ev. L. &, 1B3T (1885, No. 29ST), with the 
altered first line (as In Claua Harms'e Gtt&ngt, 
1828, Nos. 288-2*0), " Wohlanf, wohlan sura 
lstzten Qtmf ; " tti the S»me form is in th« 
Wurttemberg G. S., 1813, No. 617. Of this 
hymn, the late Dr. James Hamilton, in an article 
in the Family Treasury, 1880, pt. i., p. 110), 
wrote th.ua: — 

* On brhair of Eg [land, ve bare sometimes nil led tbe 
brtabterhope^-thelook of EisterMarnuig— vhlcb seems 
to ilncet still in LnuurV Land. WUh Its emblHuu.euf- 
gestive of HSBirectkm and heaven. Us cburcay«d Is not 
a Pagan, burial ground, but tbe place when belinen 
tltep.—a true cemeteif, In which friandehlp can And it 
pleasant to repair and meditate. At tbe obsequies of 
Cbriitlan brethren, It la not a funeral knell which itrUtes 
dowry and itarnly; bet bvm tbeTLIage steeple there 
shah * lift and almost cbserfil reo.nlemt andthonab 
tnare may be many wet eyes In tbe procession, dure are 
not many of tbe artificial inalnris of woe, as tbe whole 
pariah convoys the departed to hij 'bed of peaorful rest.' 
Dree, In tbe BbukFvrest, Tveioeompuitftlti) ine 'place 
of psaee,' an aid uana hmeral, and tber* still dvebs on 
our sal |be quaint sad kindly melody which (In psrUb. 
toner* aapg along the road : and we b»Te sometimes 
wished list ire could bear tbe lite ia our own land 
[Scotlandl with Its eombro and aUent obseqnlrs." 

The translation in C U. ia :— 

Don* fSrU! 40111* on, wltb sslaain soot. A 
gotnl tr. of st. i.-iii., v., iT.-ivii., byMiss Dorth- 
wiek, in If. L. i, 2nd Ser, 1855, p. 88 (1884, 
n. 126). This version was included, In full, id 
J. H. Wilson's Service of Praise, 1865, No. S09, 
set to the tnelody to which it is suruj in South 
Germsay {Hhorol toeltdittn, Stuttgart, 1944, 
No. 105). Jn JJr, W, R Stev^nsun'sJfiiJ./or Ci. 
d> Same, lAti, the ir, of st. v. was omitted. A 
greatly altered form, beginning, "Come, tread 
once more the path with song," appeared in IL 
Brown-Eorthwict's Sekut fly*., 1871, No. 71 ; 
ami in the 3. P. C. S. Ckurcn. Hyi. t 1671, Ho. 
£42. Instead of adopting the melody of 1&44, 
or the tune " leh hab' meiu Saph' Gott heim- 
gestellt" (p>m r i}, for which Sachse wrote this 
hymn ; th* editors Tednetcl the hymn to I.. H., 
altered it, and omitted the tr*. of tt. iii., 11, 3-5, 
xr., 11. 3-5, IVJ. This c«nto was repeated, omit- 
ting the ir. or st. ivii., in Dr. Mirtinenu's Iftjt. 
of FroiK $ Prayer, 1873. 

OtLartm. are: — 

(1) " Happy tbe man «tn> seeks the prize" (at. yl.Ji 
By Itr, If. MOU, JS4i (1S5S. p. 23S). (a) "Ifoikhbour, 
accepL our parting soua/' By Or. JSHOa H&miitim, lu 
the FtiMiilgTrtssiirg, p. lie, as abovei and song at hla 
omd funeral in H(7. LSee hla Ltfc 1STS, p. 6ST.] {'4) 
" O eorjHe, thy dwellinels now without." Dy In. Q. 
tnlktr, issj, p, 110. (*)*' Come cirth. move on. with 
mWiti Hong ." Jo the CJSftsKnH l'mK<ncr,BtnUm. U.&, 
Nov. I860, p. 41*. 

Anolher hymn, partly by Sacbte, is: — 

111. Dor Ben At* XVnte winket. Burioi, 1st pmi-, 
leas, as above, No. vt, p. 11, in S st. or i 1., entitled, 
" «Jt the tcbeial of Sn aged person.' Hepeated In th* 
HamtniiE O. B. t 1342. It is fouiidrd on a piece begla- 
ulug, "Herr, DUD UsKft dn lm Frleden fah«n,' r by 



986 



SACRIS SOLIEMNIIS 



Christian todnij; Neufler (>. at Strttsart, Jan. KUW: 
lititorofttn Cutieirill Cburtli, Dim ;d.»H]llll. July SJi 
J SOT), In Ills C*rtrtK(Ae CViwihj. Lttpilf. 1620, p. MO, 
where it ii Se. in. et tint " Hjmna fior (lie dying unrtci 
gawciil clnainutancce," and la in 11 at of 41, sachet's 
version fa tr. ia ** The reaper now is waiting." Hy Dr, 

a. juat, im 0«i, p- mi>. [J. H.J 

Saoria ooUenmilu j unota uint gandia, 
SI. Ttam/u a/ Jgnino. [Hoiy Ontmttm'cm,] 
Written about 128S for the office for use on 
Corpus Christi (aoe "Pauge lingua Klorioai 
corporis"). It is found in the Soma* ( Venice, 
1478? and again, untouched, in 1633): JhV 
MraWtj of 1602* SiitHnt; York; Aberdeen; 
Paris of 1758, And other Breviariet. It ia 
generally appointed for Matlna on Corpus 
Christi, but ill the Snrutu lor let Vespers. 
Tlie-text in 6 sfc and a dosology will be found 
iu Daniel i., No, 240, in the tfyom. Scrub., 
IBM, p. 129, and others. It Uabw found in a 
KS, area 1330 (,£1(11*9, jtfi»., 370, f. 133), 
and another of the beginning of the 14th 
cent. (Lilttrg. JnW, 330, f. 65) in the Bod- 
leian ; in a vs. of the end of the ISth. cent 
(Add. 23,935, f. 3), and a Am ,&W of the 
141 h cent. (Reg. 2 A an**., f. 93 b) in the Brit. 
M us,, etc. Itisalfoln Wankemageti., No. 2S1 ; 
Bftsder, No. 101 ; Card. Newman's Ifcmtti 
Endesiae, 1838 and 1885, Ac. [J. M.] 

Translations in C. U. ! — 

1. L*t ** with &*•*♦* r#**w*A. By E. Caswall. 
Tub. in his Lyra Oathalioa, 1849, p. 113, and 
again io the I860 .dftpftuKx to the" /?. Aisfed 
No. 177. In Caawalfs IIyt. and Poena, 1873, 
p. 64, it ia altered to " Let old things pit* ii-way." 
This form of the text is id the Marquess of linteV 
Bowwm Brev, tr. into EmjSish, 1879, and 0. Ship* 
ley's Annus Semetas, 1884. 

t. At thii tor stiemn Fewt By E. R Little- 
dale, in the ytntipAciW <mrf (J«itf, 1880, and again 
In the Hi/nuter, 1B82. Altered in Tie Office II. 
Bk„ 1989, to "May this onr solemn Feast." 

TiBailatioaa nft in O, Ui : — > 

1, The solemn Feeete obi JojM Sdsr^ Inspire 
JY<Wn'. 1JW. 

3, Sulemn rltca arise to view. r. PFtliiuu, 1839. 

3. High be oar «irf«— our besrte with Joy bonndl]i£. 
W. J, Stem. lMl-SS. 

4. Welcomed ■with Joy lie onr hallowed solemnity. 
F. ffapfia. iao*. 

», Let tbta oor eatonm Feast. J. B. cktmoer*. 195:. 

0. On Ibis m«k solemn feetlTOl your Joyial antaenie 
raise, f. WaO&x. lBTt. 

7. WAme with Jubllw Title glad solemnity, /, I>, 
AyfWTd.htQ.SWphyaAniHtlSantttft, MM. [J, J.] 

Saeroaancta AOdlenme feativitatis 
praeoonia. f]S(. Jjidrfui,] This is found in 
n, Gradual written apparently in England in 
tho 12th cent. {Rig. 2 B. vh-, f. 138); in a. 
MB. containing a. collection of StHJuencCi 
written o. 1199 (Catig. A. xiv., f, 88), both now 
in the British Museum, Ac. AtaaavMiBwate 
It is found in a J&artan, circa IS70, n Hereford 
circa 1370, and a Ybrk circn 1390, all now in 
the Bodleian j in the St. Andrew*, the Mag- 
deburg of 1480, tho Anjjftn of 14B9, and ether 
Miftals. nnifoxndy assigned to St. And row's 
day. The prhite'l teat ia alzo in Mom, No. 
695, and Kehrein, No. 401. It waa tr, by the 
editora of the Hywuwy fts "Kins of Sainta, 
O Lord Incarnate," and appeared therein in 
1873. Another (r, ia " Tlic eacrcd honours of 
this festival," by C. B. PeatHoa in the Sarum 
Miwal At English. 18(58. [J. M.] 

Bad aud weary were our way. J«!is 



SAFJTEBY, MAEIA GKACE 

A- Elliott, [Sunday SwniiM.l This cento ia 
compoBed of Mra. EJliott'ft "Hail, thou bright 
and snored morn " (see p. 479, t), and herhyuui, 
" Soon, toe soon the sweet repose," which 
appeared in her husband'a Pt. & 3y*,, 183S, 
in 2 et. of 6 I. The cento, ia ibis form, of 
3 et, ii ia the Oberlin (Ohio) Mamtal of 
Pmtst, 1880, [J- J.] 

Saevo ctolornmtiirbliie; [P«»i<MtiieJfl.] 
Thifl is the hymn at Lauds in tbe Office of 
the Passion of onr Jjord Jesna Christ (see 
"Maerentea oculi"). In the Roman Breviary, 
Bologna, 1327, Para Hieraalis supplement, 
p. 27B, in S at, and tho Milan ed. 1861. Bee 
also Burga's Annotated ed, of ff A. A M., 
1867. [J. MJ 

Translations in C. TJ, :— 

1. tVarwhsliAta la Atptha of tm*. E. Csawtll, 
ia hie Lyra Catholiai, 1849, p. 69, end hi* Byt, 
and JwfJiUj 187S, p. 37, It is found in a large 
somber of hyDan-hooks, and ufittslly with altera- 
tions, and ia an abbreviated form, that la the 
most oitemsire nee heing the rendering in 
H.A.QM. 

1. Tlu ttorm of wam/w bawls «#nad, By W. 
J. Blew, in hi* Ckotrch Sy. $ TttBC Bk., 1SS2-55, 
Lent and Pnsaioatide, No. 24, and again in HWs 
Sel. from the same, 1870, No, 41. 

a, O'tnrtiriiMd Imnth a bad of ffriet By B. 
C, Singleton, in his jinyliaid /T. £*., 1868, 
No. 100. 

TruiUtioa sot In 0, H. : — ■ 

i. Amidst a whirl of wt* opprees'd. F. ?rajijwt. 

SL Atempwtof amtctlon. J. WW(a«, nil, [J. J.] 

Safe home, safe home In port &. 
Joseph the Hffnamgrapliier. [Be*i in /^tfu.l 
This hymn was given in Dr. Neale'e JBve. o/ 
(he Eastern Church, I8rj2, in B st, of 8 1, as 
" The Hoturn Homo, A cento from the Caoou 
of S. John Climacos." In tbe Prtfaee to tli« 
18B8 ed. of the ffjra. of th« jK Oh„ ho said, eon- 
ceminfr it, " Art thou weary," and " O happy 
band of pilgrims," thnt they contained so little 
that ia fioin the Greek that they ought not to 
have been included in that collection, said that 
in any future edition they would appear na an 
« Appendix." Or. Neale did 1 not live to carry 
out hia intention ; but the Very Rev. S. G. 
Hatherly lias dome so in the 4th ed. of that 
work. The moat (hat can be said of the 
hymn, then, is that it is by J. M. Weale, 
based on tile Greek of Bt. Joseph the Hynmg- 
gntpher. In Bt. Joseph's known works no 
Glreek lines can be found which correspond 
with those in the English hymn. Or. Nenlo's 
text Is found in a large number of hymnals 
in Great Britain and America. [See Orwt 
HFDiody, §§ xviiL 3, and Xx.] [J. J,] 

Safely through another week. J. 
Nei&lort. {Saturday f naun^.J Appeared in 
B, Conyers's Pt. * Bjrs., 1774, No. 355, in 
5 at of J. : and again in tlw Oljit.y Hymnt, 
1770, Bk. ii,. No, 40. It is found iu a Few 
modern collections ; and sometimes in an ab- 
breviated and altered form, as in Keimtdy, 
1863, Ac [J. J.] 

Baflbry, Maria Grace, ncVe Horaey, h. 
in 1773, and d. March, 1858, was daughter of 
the Eev. J. Horsey, of Portsea, and wife of 
the Itev, Mr. Soffery, pastor of the Baptist 



UAGET Milt VON 

Ohurch at Salisbury, Early in life bub put". 
a short poem and a romance, and in 1B34, a 
volume entitled Poems o» Saered Subject* 
(Land., Hamilton, Adams & Co.). Mrs. 6af- 
fery was a gifted and accomplished woman. 
At the suggestion of her huafinnd, and af he* 
son, die Rev, P. J. Saltery, she wrote many 
hymns for special occasions. She contributed 
ten to Dt. Lelfchild's collection, and others to 
the Baptist Magazine and other periodicals. 
Some time before 1818 she wrote a, hymn on 
Holy Baptism, "'Tis the Great Father we 
adore," which was printed in the Baptist New 
Selection, 1828, has since appeared in most 
Baptist hymn-books, and is now tn G. U.; 
and sometimes as, " 'Tis God the Father we 
adore? 1 Hef hymn of a Mother for her 
Child, "Pain, my babe, I'd have thee 
know," is in the Cotnjnvheittiitt Bivpan, 1844, 
Her Evenmght/m<n, " God of the sunlight hours, 
how nad," front he* Poenw, Ac, 1884, p. 188, 
and her Good Shepherd. "There is a little 
lonely fold," from tho same, p. 173, aw olio in 
C. tl, [W. B. 8.] 

ftaget mlr von keinem Lieban [Lose 
(o Christ.] Included as No. 2057 in Knapp's 
Es. L. fi, 1837 (1B65, No. 1858), in 9 at of 
* 1. Tr, as " Tell mo not of earthly love," try 
Miss Borthwiek in U. L. L. t 1862. p. 70 (1884, 
p, 2321, repeated in BohaiTfl Christ in Song, 
1870. [J. MJ 

Bainta, exalted high In glory, J- Goto. 
[Bern**.] Firat pub. in bis Hys. * Songt of 
the Pilgrim Ltfe, No. iixix., In 5 at, of 6 L, 
in 1871 ; and from thence, with slight altera- 
tions and tho omission of ah v., into Snepp, 
Sotiqi of O. 4 G., 1872, No. 1014. Orig. text 
us above. Io. 1875 it was rewritten by 
the author for his Upturn Appendix, and 
given therein with hia spirited tune "8el- 
borne,'' No. 67, as " Saints, in highest realm* 
of glory," In this form It is far superior to 
the original in cohatruetion, execution, and 
power. It forms, with tho omission of at. ii., 
a good hymn for "All Saints Day," [J. J,] 

Salisbury, Jamea, m.a., was b, at Asliby- 
de-ln-Zoueh, May 15, 1821. He studied at 
the University of Bt. Andreas and completed 
Ids course for the Baptist ministry at Horton 
College. He has been anecesairely pastor 
at Iiongford in Warwickshire, Barrowden 
in Rutland, Hugglcecote and Hinckley in 
Leicestershire, Io the Baptitt Hyl^ 1879, 
he contributed a tr. from the Qeiman, which 
is noted under VaiOmbw Spldtai. 

[W. B, &] 

Salus fwteeria, indeficiens muiidi 
vita. (Adveitt.'] This is found in a us. in 
the Bodleian (2oM. 776,/ 167 6) written tiraa, 
1000 ; and also in a lis. of circa 1070, there 
(Dauos 222, f. 82) ; in a Winchester book of 
the 11th ceot, u&w in Corpus Christ! College, 
Cambridge (No. 47S) ; in a 12 th cent. Gtmdual 
ill the British Museum (ffej. £ 5. is. f. 5fl>, 
dtc. Among jVmshEs it id found in an early 
14th cent. Pari*, raid a 1 4th cent. Ssiu in the 
Britinh. Museum ; in n forum circa 1370, a 
Hereford sites 1370, and a York eirea 1S90, 
nil now In the Bodkian ; in the St. Ati&rem, 
and various French Nistalt). In the English 
Mitialt it is appointed for the first S. in 
Advent. The printed text is also in Needed 



SALVATION, O THE JOYFUL 987 

Sequential, 1852, p. 3 : Daniei, ii. p, 185, and 
Kekrein, No. 1, AH the verses end in a. Tr, 
as: — 

Tbra, to* &i*ionx frverUftUo By E. A. D*.y* 
mnn, made for nail pub. in the Hpnnary, 1873. 

TianaUtbm not in 0. U. t — 

1, Eterajl health. ■ Q**tkin'e ever new vft»litj'. J, 
B, CkumtxTt^ 1866, 

J, lift Af tba world Unfailing. A. M. llprnii, In tie 
7jyrd JfcUtanra, lHSt, sni bli C(/tt omi ii>W, l*«y. 
J bin begtiu Aritb tlip words " Jodpflracna mpDdl Titji," 
In the uTJtnimf ?t»Tiaft, 

S, Jtemal Hailll; of omi,. Ity C. B, r«U*jP. Ill T^ 
Strim Mistel (n £iijji«t, IBM. 

4, Tboa for tver oor Bjlvatlon. Dj C. B. Ptusao. In 
bts Segnaua/f<nn tht Slrun Jfinal. 1311. [J. M.] 

Salvation, O the joyful sound. J. 
TFnW*. [ftidJBf for Salvation.^ The hymn 
-which passes under this first line is found in 
bo many forma that it will be necessary to 
indicate not only the eooroes from wheuco its 
varying stanzas nave been takeo, but also tu 
give the original text itself. 

L The original hymn appeared in Watta's 
Hyi. and Spiritual Sons*, 1707, Bk. ii.,No. 68, 
in 3 et. of 4 1., and entitled " Salvation rt :— 
1. " Salvation 1 D, Che Joyful Kami, 
TIs rl^sv" to out ears ; 
A SoVrcIgn balm tat every wound, 
A cordial for our faara. 
i, " BwrjM fn Boirow and in ein, 
At hell's dark door wo lay ; 
But wo arise Ly gnu Ji^lu* 
To Ho a houVnly day. 
S, " EUli'itton < lei the echo fly 
Tee sp«iiluui Earth around, 
\vwlo all tba btfiIus of ttaeVky 
Cuwpiri; to raise tho hjoiuJ. ' 

Amongst the eolleotionH whiah are in com- 
mon use at the preaent day tho following con- 
tain this text : the S. F. C. K. Ft. & Bymm ; 
Bk, of Praise Hymnal ; Sap, Pi, d: Hy», ; New 
Oon^. ; Spurgeon's O. 0. H. Bk. ; Stevenson's 
Bys. for Ch. and Home; and others, which 
can bet readily asceriained by reference to the 
t«xt as above. It is also found in numerous 
American collections. 

ii. About the year 177? a cento appeared 
in the Connteaa of Huntingdon's C™. as 
follows :— 
BL 1. Waitj'i at, i. ts aoow, -with •* IVaai " for ""ITfl." 
Bt, II. Wa.ttt'1 BU III. as above. 
St. IN. " Sah'ition I O Tien blading Lamli, 
To TbeO. the praise Mlonra i 
SolTaUrjin aWl Inspire vctr be*rts, 
And drf«ll upon our tongues." 
To ibo&o were added tho fcl losing et. : — 
" BlBBBtn^. bonour. prjifH and povor 
Be unto tb« Ijaml> for Bra : 
Jeans Christ le onr Redeemer, 
Hs,||dnj«li ! Prtlse ibe Lord." 

Thia arrangement is prohfibly duo to the 
Hon. Walter Shirley, who revised the Lady 
Huntingdon (Ml. about 1774. It was eiceecT- 
ingly popular with the older compilers, and 
la found in many of their collections. In 
modern hymn- books it ia found, amongst 
others, both in Great Britain and America, 
in:— the Wcs. H. Bk. ; Mdh. N. Cw\. H, Bk.; 
Mefh. S. 8. H. Bh, &c, with the « Blessing" 
of tlie chorus changed to " Glory" 

In addition, tho fuliowing centos are in 
common use : — 

(a) St. t. "Salvttioii. O," &c gt- 11. " BuriBil," Ae. 
St. til "Halvition lot," &a. tit. Iv. "EolTition, O 

Thia ArT.in^meot- ]u found ]n Jfrre^r, ^Farlaiid'a 
I'talUf, aj]J otEtOra ; Uid witbout th* eborufi In Wlndlc^ 

aM. ami ato^ell'a ri. it n^f., &c 



oea 



SALVATOR MtNUI 



CM St. I- "Sulfation! 0." fa. St. II "Salvation I 
letr fa. St. ill, " Salvation ! O Thou," it. CAonu. 
41iven 111 the Irish CTibtcA tfymtktl, fee 

MSt, I. "Salvation r O." fa. Sttl. "Burled," fa. 
Sk 111. "Salvation! let," fa,, and Cfertu after «icn 
(Unit In Ay, (turn Scottish £mw, Powrt .BW.. fa. 

(d) St. t. "Silvalfon! tt'fa. St II. "Buried." fa. 
fit. ill. "Salvation. O ThtHi," fa. St. iv. "Salvation 
let." cttH-ut Given in KemWe Jlfew C*. JT. a*., 1873. 

iii. In Dr. Kennedy's fljrt»n<j. Christ., IftSS, 
No. 034, la & cento thus composed : — 

fit. i. " Salvation ! 0," fa. Jr. WKir. St. il. " Out. 
worn irltli tawxw," fa. A*, ficimoti/. St. HI. '■ Salv*. 
tlon! let," fa. Dr. ITsHi. fit [t. ."Sulvition! 
Tbon," fa. Lady Hontlnfldon'tQ*. BL v. " Eejolct, 
rajad**,* fa. JW. Asniudy. 

if. Some curious and somewhat interesting 
cento are also found in the older collections : 
as Ash & Evans's Bap. <M. (Bristol), 1769; 
Uirwiefc's Coil (Dublin), 1839: Bickersteth'* 
Christian Ptalmhay, 1933 ; and others. In one 
form or another, as an original hymn or as A 
cents-, " Salvation ! O the joyful sound," haa 
had and still has a most extensive use. It has 
also been translated into several languages, 
sometimes one form of toe text being ugod 
and then another. B. Bingham's fr. into 
Latin, "S&lus, Sains, vox lnetoa," in ids 
Bifinnp. OArtit. Zo/,, 1871, is a rendering of 
{a} as abovo. [J. J.] 

Balvator mundi Domino. [ATmsnf. 

Evening.] This is. fonild in a KB. of the 13th 
cent, in too British Museum (HarL S928 f. 
110l>); in a £wwm tfymnary, tirca 1300 
(ina^ Znt. 95* f. 134 &>; and a York 
Stynmarg of tha 13th cant. (Laud, ia(. 5, F. 
185), both now in ihe Bodleian ; in the Sarum, 
York, Hertford nnd Aberdeen Breviaries, 4c. 
Also in jtatfal, iv. p. 209, Jfotw, No. 32, and 
Cud. Newman's By. EccUtiae, 1838 and 1865. 
jtfbiw thinks it is of the <ith or 7th cent. It 
was appointed aa a hymn at compline ; but the 
seasons during which it was used vary consi- 
derably in the Various Breviaries, ranging 
from Saturdays in Advent to the First 8. in 
Lent ; and again from Trinity to Christmas 
The original was used at Eton, at the 8 r.n, 
daily service, nntil about 1830. [J. M.] 

Translation!! in C. U.i — 

1. Bleat SiTunr, Lord of all. By Bp, Ccsin, 3D 
his CbiL of Private Devotion*, 1627 ("The Ap- 
probation, Feb. 26, 1628 . , . Geo. London), 
which was reprinted several times, tin Llth ed, 
by Rivington in 1333. In W. J. Blew's CAmi-cA 
ify. ^ 2W J*., 1852-5S, No. 6, from Trinity 
Sunday t* Advent, begim with at. ii. of this ir. 
slightly altered, as "Ruler oF the day and 
night, in the Wetliwlon CvKsgv # ii., Bp. 
Costa's ir, la altered to " blessed Saviour, Lord 
of aiL" 

t. Bavitor if till world larlarn, Tola nhtnifat, 
fa. By W. 3. Cope] and, in his Hyi, fop tht 
Week, !Bi9, p. 154. It is repeated in .K J. ^Jf., 
1861, the Hymnary, 1872, &c, but almost always 
with Varying altemtiona in the text, ami another 
doiology. In the 1875 ed. of S, A. $ if. it 
bc^iiii, '^0 S^vieuf, Lord, to Thee we prfly " ; and 
in th« 1SS3 «d. of the App. to the Hymnal N, 
as "Thee, Saviour of the world, we piay." 

Ti Dlllou of am, Whin Idndly tun. By J, D, 
Chambeii, in his Psalter, 1852, p. 358. In 
Skinner's Daily SttvUs Hj/l., I8U4, it is given 
ftjSj " Saricur of men, Who^o tender care. 17 

4. Badoanur of ta* vnU, wt pmj> Sf K. F. 



BALVB F^TA DIES 

littledale, made for and first pub. iathtP^op&'a* 
II., 1867, and signed " P. C. L" 

Xiualatioiu nut In O. U. ;— 

1. O Lorde, the worlds* Stvlonr Which! hut pte. 
Knal, ajruiR Pmnjr. J4i6. 

3. Lofti, the S.»lo M of toe world. Who hut hi. 
UtoTftL A. J. £. Sops, ISt*. 

3. Lord of tie world Who Last prtwrvri. fljwna- 
riusi JnjTlfDantflp^ 1S44. 

l. Lord of the world, our Bticngth and SUf. B^ J. 
Blew. 1863-6*. 

S, O 3»vlom of the worid ] Whine care. J. D. Chat*- 
btrt. 185T. 

«. Lori, Wno hast kept Ql all. J. V. Hootit. ISO. 

V. SutIooi of tbe world torlorn, Who loati to jaw, 
fa. Xeni Brayt, InO. Shlphw^ ^timt jiwhu. lust. 

[J. J.] 

Salvo crux beata, naive. J. IF. Peter- 
sen. [Glorying in lie (boat.] Included in 
the ff™*rt«A« 9. ^ Hallo, 1697, p. 326, in 
16 Bi of 4 ]^ entitled * Joy of a soul rejoioiDg 
uodti the wwe: Bomans t, We awry in 
tribnlationa." Bepeated in Freylin^baawn's 
Q. $ : , 1704, No. 410- It has passed into 
Engltsb thjougli^ 

Otftok n Kt™ m punon Bem«n, A fit* (r. 
by L. A. Gotter, in 21 nt, 1st pnb. in the 
Geistreichis Q. B. t Halle, 1637, p. 329, and re- 
peated in Freylingbauten'ii G. B., 1704, No. 
402. In Forst't 0. A, ed. 1355, Wo. 432, st. 
vii., viii., ii. on special saints and martyrs axe 
omitted. In Bunsen'e Veravch, 1833, No. 473, 
has st. i. p ii., tL, xi., xii., xiii.-iv., ivii.-xix., xxi., 
Altered and beginning " Kreui, wir griinen dich 
von Herxen." Tr. as : — 

t. Welcome Omi anil Tribglation. A tr, of it, 
i.-v,, ^,, iiii, p iiir,, XV., xviii., US No, 6$4, injit.l. 
of the Monxvian H, Bi., 1764. 

S. 0»h, it]B4ua and tribulation. A free fr n 
baaed on the 1754 in. of et. i., ii., iv^ iv,, xviii. 
This is No. 307 in the Moravian ff. Bk., 1789 
fl849, No. 510). It if (e P e»t*<5 in thefJiote H, 
Bh., 1845, and in America in the Bk. nf Sgs., 
Boaton, 1R48; Ptymut^ Coll., 1855; Lttutht 
Domini, I8S4, and others. 

4, Chpo, wo hail tij Uhtar Mija. A good lY. 
from Aiiuen, by Miss Wink worth, in her iyra 
Gtr., l»t &cr,, 1S5&, p. 15*. T*0 centos are in 
Kennedy, 1863, rii. No. 61)2 of St. 1^ ii., xi., 
lili.^iv. j and No. 994 of at. xvii.-xix., xxi., be- 
ginning, u Up, brettren of the Cross, and haste." 
In Hgs. of Ae Spirit, Boston, U. S., 18S+, No. 
650 consists of st. ii., ill!., irii., beginning, 
u Pledge of onr glorious home afar " ; nnd this 
form beginning, "Sign of a glorious life nfirf," 
is in the Berwick Byi., 1886. [J. M.] 

Balvo festa dlea toto Tenorabilia 
aavo. This line is taken from a poem by 
Fortunatus,. which begins " Tenipora iloii- 
gem." Two centos, mainly from Fortunatus, 
are noted under Teniton toittBnj. The cento 
for Easier, which WM that most widely used, 
begiaa " Salve . . . Qua Iteus infemnm vielt 
et sstra tenet." In tbe Santm Procetstonat 
another cento was given for the Aseaaian, 
beginning ■* Salve . . . Qna Pens in coelum 
scandit et astia tenet." The Tort Processional 
has fw the Atotntioto " 6alTe . . . Qna Dens tn 
coelum eeandit et astra tenet" (SCO Card, 
Newman's Hymai Hccletiae, 1838 and 1865^ 
and Daniel, 1). p. 181), but this takes nothing 
from Fortnnatua save tbe opeMilig stanza. 
Both in England and on the Continent the 
various ProoeutoKoit contain a number of 



SALVE MI ANGELIOB 

hymns which take iho opening line from 
Foriunatua, but are otherwise quite different, 
Of these we note here '.— ' 

L. Earn . . . 4oa Pes* d* «*ala s*atia Dibit lmnh 
tnifnmtfcfe. Tole 1p t™na fn tba rwi jtwcttOnuI of 
i*3f and is *1h> In Curl. Newmm'i Hj/nni sxitiiat, 
1838 and Hit; In JXhhW, li. p. lgl ; «md In fUndi. 
Mo. 1H. The (r, Is;— 

3mJL< Tffl Davl Hug' arty in Hiin, WLu 
Ood'n fide mo* ana Eht 1 ! « earth 414 ^iaft. By 
T. A. Laoftf , In tit Altar Jtyl.. lew, Ha, 43, 

iL hln . i . Qna Siui •oebalan duat bvnoxt iuu 
Corpwt CArutt. Tblt Is *lva In the ftr* J»r™*»MiiitaI 
of 1934 ; In Cud. Newman's J/jmrn jfecbMiu, ISM tit 
1961; Id AllllI, II. p, 183; and In JMrdfl. Ho, 1*1. 
Th* In. are: — 

1. Bail! all ^answ Teaat, da* naDowad for mr 
and mr, In Ibe Antioh&ttr ami eruii, 18*0, p. 63. 

a. Haul total day! la nor aft in™. ?r 0. 
Honltrit, In tbe Bjm«r, 1981, Ho. so; and tie jLUsr 
ff^^ISM, No, 51. 

Ill, Bah* . ■ ■ <ha nww i^im jwptar Eeslatia. 
BHHcuMm of a CSwrrt, TWa fp in m Strum GVwiual, 
circa 131! {.Add. 11191, t 98), in tbv BrliliD MuHnmi ; 
In a ■SimH* ProcaiwRa* llnere, orc<i 13)0 (Hwrl. 8S4S1 i 
hi dud. Newman's JUfMfli .Hxta&v. 1838 and 18*6 : in 
JJiHitd, H. p. 1M ; and In JTrtrrin, No. 916. Tlu frt. 
art;— 

j. Bait, total J*j! tinvwnitoi BvW.A,, 
in Jjpra Awkarfitint, 1963, p, u. 

X. HaO, total dayt Mm atari tl«* & 0. 
Moultrie, In tbe .altar JftI-, 1*44, No. 6S. [J. M,] 

Solve mi angelioe, Bpiritua. beats, 
Konrad Df Gaming. ^Angtfa) A h ymn of 61 
lines given by JHbns, No. 313, from a, Munich 
us. of tbe 15th wilt., and entitled " A prayer 
concerning one'* own {i.e. guardian) angel" 
9>. by J. TJ. Chambers, in hts Lavda Syon, 
Ft iL, 1866, p. 141, as, "Hail, mine nifgel, 
pom and bright," and included in the ProplJt 
S., 1867. [W. A. ft] 

Salve nmndl Domino. [B. V. M.l This 
is found in the Paroawu* Ifariania, Douai, 
1624, p. 38, and there marked arj taken from 
a Spanish book «tf Hours ( k ei horis quibiu- 
dam Tilde antiquis la Hispanic"). The 
same i«xt it found in the Path to Seaetn («d, 
Loudon, 1S77, pp. 4S1W-43&), in recent eda. of 
NakateriiiB F H Coded* pohnetnm (e.g. Hedilin, 
1859, p. 236), slid otlutT modem Roman Ca- 
tholic manuala of derotion. A portion begin- 
niflg"BalTe ana foederis" is fti JJantd, ir. 
p. 342. P. W. B, Both, in bis Lot Juomffl, 
1887, Noa. 191-97, ptitrta It from «, Pr*yei 
Boob wriltfii for ttie nae of the Bmprew 
Maria TWe*a of Austria, about 1760 (now in 
Darmstadt), where it occurs in tbe comae of 
an office for the Immaculate Conception of 
the B. V. M. It has been tr. by E. Oaawall 
in hb Zura dufaoliea, 1849, p, 255, and in hia 
Bpt. * Pdoih*. 1873, p. 185, ill 16 at. of 8 L, 
and thui divided for Divine Service : — 
1, JKKAu. " Hill. Qurnn ol Uh hnvtoa." 
t. rt-ftnt. " Hall. Virfbi most win." 
A r*r«. " Hall, Solomon "b thmnt." 
4. »)rf. "HalL vlrgtuL molnw." 
*, *n«, "Hall.dtjrorrduge." 
«. rtquTT. "Hall, dial of Acbn." 
T- flwflfiu. " Hiil, nwthcr moat nnn." 
8. OomnHudatliHi, "TIkk j>nl«*uid piaytn." 
The** parts are repeated in the Crown of 
Jan* S, BL, 1863, as separate hj-miiu. 

1. Hall, Uny o" th' nvrid Or bsava. Idglit Cucen. 
Printer. 168a, 

2. Hill, VinsJn, p*5r all rlrcina Mftt, i>. ArncA 
»» [J. M.] 

8(tlv« mundi ealntftTB. St. Bernard of 
C7ff('r«lh* ? [PiraswH^de.] Tbe test of this 



SALVE MUNDI SALUTABE 089 

eweet and beautiful poem, which has been 
mainly used by translators into Jthurliah and 
German, ia that found in St Bernard's Opera 
Qvma, Pa™, 1609, ooU 1665-66. Here it la 
entitled "A rhythmical uruyer to any cue 
[nnuni quodlibetj of the members of Christ, 
suffering and hanging an the Crass," and ia 
divide 3 into seven parts, viz. : — 

i. #•!** auinll atlnlan. IB Ik* Tttt. 

U, 3^u Ian, Sax auMtatmn, „ xmet. 

jl). &1th In**, vUt«r boMV, „ J/apJj. 

fF. **1tj fan, «nm bono*, „ Si4e. 

t. Batrt aaloi nwa, Doaa, „ Jrwrt. 

vl. Sunuai Bafla «r anto, ,. Jftwd 

vil. Ealne aapnt amantatam. „ Fha. 

Going a little farther back, a somewhat 
similar text is in St. Bernard's OpKwula, 
Vwiioe, 1495, where it is entitled K A Airine 
and most devout prayer of the Abbot St 
Bernard, which he made when on Image of 
the Saviour, with outstretched arms, embraced 
him from the Cross." Here the last section 
is entitled " To the whole body," and begins, 
" Balve Jesu teverende." In a us, of 1454, 
now in tbe Town Library at Nllraberg, there 
is a it. Into German entitled " St. B«rjaid> 
Lamentation," and heginaing " Der welt 
heilant, mm min grtUsen," which is from the 
same text aa that in the Opuwiria; and here, 
after the third [art st&n^a, is the note "As 
net* St. Bernard haA. spoken these words with 
great earnestness of desire, the image [Marterv 
bLld} on tho cross bowed itself, and embmoed 
him with its wennded arms, as a sure token 
that to it this prayer was most pleasing." Tbe 
same German (r, is also in a 15th cent MS. 
at DcmauBschingea, with the ritle " Tliis is 
the noble prayer of tbe devout doctor St. 
Bernard," Ac. (sea Wackernogd, ii.j No. 454, 
and p. 1193). 

Clearly, then, titers ia tradition at least as 
£u owl: as 1450 (the trsdinon indeed seems 
to have come from Clnirvnnx), that the poem, 
as a whole, ia by on* author, and tliat this 
was St Bernard. St. Bernard, however, d. in 
1153, and no xes. of the poem have yet been 
found of earlier date than tbe 14th cent The 
hbs., moreover, present the greatest varieties 
of text and arrangement, so that it is exceed- 
ingly difficult to say whether any part of the 
poem is re*]]y by Bfc Bernard, or to discrim- 
inate what is hia and what is not his. Doubt- 
less the remark whieh Archbishop Trenoh 
made regarding other poems ascribed to St, 
Bernard, is true of this poem, viz., that tbe 
internal evidence is in favour of him aa its 
author; and that if he did not write it, it is 
not easy to guess who could have written it 
But in the present state ef the evidence we 
cannot say much more. The conclusions of 
Mont and Daniel may be thus summed up :— 

jM«w t Nog. 123-126, gir«s pnrU 1-4, from 
MS. of tbe 14th Hud 15th cent. Into the rariety 
of t*iti unci forms (town Ui his notes are hare 
not her* epuM in enter- In the** notet he give* 
a mass of variant readings, and mentions that 
at least two of the 15th cent. MSB. which be used 
had also parti 5-7, He alio nay*, that in a 15th 
cent. us. nt Amorbach, the comphfta poem ia 
entitled, "Prtyer of BonHTeDturs, Oil islntidg 
the Fiva Wontidi of Christ." In his jndgment, 
the bewildering variety of fptnli and terts mafcea 
it impnjalljl! to come to any definite coqcltufoni 



990 SALVE MUKDI BALTJTABE 

as to authorship ; but he thinks that the original 
poem was probably by a French writer. 

lianiel, i., A'»> SOT ; ii., p. Safl ; and ii'., pp. 
£24-231, gives the text of nil the farts. In his 
notes in vol. iv. he expresses the opinion that 
only two of the pacts, those to the Feet and to 
the Knees (I and 2), are by St. Dernard. His 
principal reason for so thinking is, because the 
Lichtenthsl us. of the 14th cent., q noted by 
Mime, has only theae two, with the title " Lamen- 
tation en the Passion of the Lord." As Lith- 
teathnl was a Cistoruiun foundation, ha holds 
that the Brethren there would be most likely to 
give the complete and correct text of a. poem by 
the founder of their Order. He odd; : — 

"Whoever reads the first part attentively cannot 
help seeing that It refers to the whole frame of tbe aufler- 
Ins; Christ j and that special mention It. madi of CDC Feet 
only for thle reason,— that tltc poet places himwif pros- 
trate on tie knees, at tit foot of the cross am) em- 
hraces the Savtoore Feet, And as lar as regards Ibe 
Kneee, tney are only toothed open once In lite second 
pjit, and that incidentally : the poem, as s wM«, Is 
clearly concerned irlih the Fashion as a whole. Sueh * 
poem mi composed liy St. Bernard: the lilies of the 
members are the work of* later aire." 

Daniel holds that the addrees to the Hands 55 
Inter than St. Bernard; that nait was added, 
probably in the 14th cent, the address to the 
Side; and that those to the Breast, to tha Heart, 
nnd to the Face, were first added in the 14th 
cent. 

MvM ond DttnieJ thus agree la thinking 
that parts 6-7 arc not by fit. Bernard, but arc 
of miisll later date, prolmbly of the 15th cent, 
And, apparently, they would hare agreed in 
toying that these additions were made in Ger- 
many. If their conclusions bo correct, then 
the finest patt of nil, the " Salve caput cruen- 
tatum," mast be by somo one other than St. 
Bernard, 

fllttf- tents may 1* briefly noted. (0 The poem is 
found to five nag. of tbe lift cant., at St, Gall (Nos.^3, 
492, 4&E. 619, 131). (1) F. W. E. Roth, in ids Lai. 
Jfymnttt, 1881, Nfi. 141, givra the etelnton of a farm in 
7 patti (beginning, "iilra UEom salntsre "), the parts 
being reepectlTEly assigned to Jfoiiiu, i*i-inw, Ikrc*, 
Sstt, none, Yttpcrt, and ft>np!i')ifc He cites it as in a 
loth cent, ng. manual of devolloas, now at Darmstadt 
(S) G. MilclisacE, In his Ifjntti ei S^KfliliaA. 1884, Ho. 
I IV, gives a curious rami or puts 5-1, from a lsth cent, 
bnuflsbeet La the Wolicnbrfttel LEhrsry. (4) Wftctar- 
ntroil, L, Hob. isa-isi, gives Ibe text, in t parts, from 
Mhu, und tbe I'nrit pi,, 17(6, of St. Bernard's Ojk™, 
^B) Archbishop Trench, in hlu ^n<r^l Lolto /'tfetry, 
fives parte 1 and 1 from lbs Opera, me. (0) F. A. 
March give*, In his Lai. jjju., ism, perm i, e, and J. 
fl> The tents In KMigl/di, ii., p. ISO; {8} iYnmbacJi, 
i„ p. iJi ; and (t), Seale*s JTjpniii £ccl«uic, lssi, 
p. nz, are tent**. 

_ In J. M. Hoist's Puradi&w «m#Ki* CAtto- 
(icimi*, 1S44, tho text is given in 7 perls, but 
very greatly altered, tana ; — 

]. to HHtmtK JIc» rMullf. 

iL, Okristt Jtmfeni (Kmorrua, 
ill, Cftrftle Am Pathrr ban*. 
iv. O ^aimM-wiBnt ooflut. 

V. O Lira Jfundi CArM« Ut«. 
vt. o di«iiiT"» (St awJfl. 
va. Chput ipinft mn/natum. 

It tufty be added that the use of this noble 
poem seems to have been almost cntiroly con- 
fliicd to booka of priv&to devotion, and collec- 
tions of sabred poetry. No parta or centos 
appeal to have passed Into Mediaeval Bm*i- 
ariei, liistah, Gradual*, or Prooeuionalt ; 
and tho dnly portion we huTe boon ablo to 
trace in similar modern hooks, is the greatly 
mutilatud oento, " Jean, duloid amor mens " 



SALYJi MUNDI SALUTAKE 

(p. sas, i.% included in reoent editioci of the 
Honmii Breviary. 

The whole poem hasfrcqaontly been (r. into 
Qerman ; und various German Tcrsions have 
islso been made from porticsiB of it The beet 
known set of Irs. into German are tbotm by 
Pmlua Gorhardt, which are free veratona of 
aJl tko seven parts, fwm the Latin test of 
1609, thus :— 

i, Sii mir tausmdiuil gegrUutl, 

il. (rtamtstt stitt du BKiftt Knni. 

ill. set wM gtordtul, guut Kin. 

iv. Kit svitii ainh, dli/raautuur Mutu. 

v, GearVtvt Hilt dq, Gait pufn licit, 

vL O Hert tin Xitttiav eiUr v?eH- 

vll. O Ifiapi tall Bint ihh) TWwttfoi. 

Of these !Nos, 1, 5, B, 7, have passed into 
English, as follows : — , 

i. Bel ntr tausendmal (wtiBBet This fine hut free 
it. appeared In tbe sib ed„ Berlin, liia, No. « j, and the 
Fnnktart cd., 1*63, Ho. 1W), of CtBuer'e /Mwii p£etoW« 
taeliM, la o st of h I. Included in Wactemagers ed. of 
Gurtumlt'i atittl. Litatr, Ho. to. in JJoiimBjm'j ed., 
No. 4B, and 111 the Pno. L.H., 186], No. I1& Tte (if. 
In C. U. are:— 

I. nunaaid timts by me b* grHted. This Is Nil. 221 
In pt. i. of tbe MoTsi&m K* Bk., ltS4. Repeated In 



later eda. <1S*5, Mo, M), 
3. Btrti idt Ion be i 
by A, T, Bossefl, m Ho. 96 In ni» Pt. * -Hjw-, i*y . 



J. Ever tr nrf l«n be owned, A fr-ofst. 1,, ui., Iv,, 



v. Qegrlissct *adit ia, rJoB, mtia Heit, A Kood !r . 
lu 5 et. or G l„ In the Frantfurt ed. l»w, of twiRPrt 
yraswt. Ho. 164. Indwtcd in Wsckernagerscil. of <?er- 
lantf, No. 1Q j Bodimanni ed.. Ho. 63 ; and In iVrtfll's 
O. £., ed. ISiS, No. SI. The In. are :— 

(1) " All hail lo Thse, nij- Saviour and my dud." Ry 
slis, Stanley Catr, in tier (r. of tVudenhahn'a i^ui (7fr- 
Aiird( (ed. JB6C.J). lii>. fl) "AIL hall! my Ravloor 
and my God." By E. Maseie, In the Sritish Heraht, 
Ftli. 18*6, p. 18. 

Vl. Bon dm K3nlg4 aaWWalt. Aft*'«l (f-i In 1 

at. of ii 1., in tteFnuikrurt ed., lesc, uf CVnxtr's rtaxit. 

No, 1M. ttepeatai in Wactemagd'a ed. vl (fcrAuitlt, 
He, St} LbcAndn-n'i «d„ No. A3; and In th,; W-r\in 0. 
L. 3., ed. 1HS3, No. MS. It has own fi'. as — <ij ■■ O 
ITcait of Him who d*a!h c/u tilgW l'j Lt. Masnle, in 
theJ?ntii\ Utrtild, May 19M,p. ?bo. 

I'll. Hms^ veil Hut nod Wundeu, The in. or Lbia 
nirni Are given In the separate note at p. 635. i.. ii, 

[J- MO 

The rrs. of this poem from {lie Iditin into 
English, Jn the various pwtsv as set forth 
above, are ; — 

I. Salve mundl BBtlBtare, The trt, of 
this part are : — 

1, All the world'* lalYntion htH, By Mrs. 
Charlca, in her Yahse at Christian Lift) ut Rmg, 
l&&8,p. 161. 

1. Jim, hall, the world'* mlvatisn, Oy H. 
Kynastoo, in iiU Ocattimal ffys., 1BG2, p. S3. 

J. Life of tho world, I hail The*. By R. Falmor, 
in the K. York Caritiitift Union, April 13, 1S81, 
in 8 at. of S 1. Of these, 3 ate. were given in 
the -£0t*d™ JJommi, N, T., 1684, No, 400, 

ii. BftivaJMu[fleU.va]BeKBftnct0rum. 
This has been tr, as: — 

1, Jen, Khar of saint*, Those Hams. By T. 
Whytehead, in bis JVwwu, lflifl, p. 75. ,p his 
pt. is represented in St. L-iv. of thi /i>, .> the 
remaining its,, v.- ill., beirif from Pt. i., btipii- 
ollig with line eleven, " Cluvos pedum, plagns 
duins." 

S. Hail, Then, lidf if saints, ascending. By 
H. Eynaston, made for and 1st pub. in the 
JJt/mnarify 1S72. 

!■ HsQ J Thou Konarali or* aonleasais. By J, 
1). Chambers, in his Lauda £ytm, 1857, p. lofl, 

iii. flaive J«bu, pastor bono. 



BALTE MDHDt SALUTAKE 

it. Salve Jean, euinme bonus. This 
k tr, as t — 

Imu, geed bffjroni iitnpailag. By H, Kynailon ; 
made for, and first pub. in the Hymnarr/, 1872. 

v. Sttlv* aftlufl mea, Xtena. 

vl. Bumml Basis am a-reta ThU is 
*r. as:— 

Hurt of CliriitniKiiisr IgweiThw. By E. 
A. Washburn, of N. T., June, 1838, contributed 
to Schofl'a CTrisf fa Sniff, 1869. 

vii, Salve caput eraentatum. Tills, 
the finest and moat popular part of the poem, 
is tr. as : — 

1. Sail that Head with dhoti boirinf. By H. 
Alfotd t in hi* Pi. * iifys, 1844, Ho. 3* ; his 
Year of Praia, 1867, No. 102 ; and the 3arvm 
Hyi, 1868, Mo. 130. It is compcsfld of 11. 1-5 
and 40-50 of this part. See Daniel, i.. No. 207. 

2. Hill that Hud nil (era and irtoudai. By J. 
F, Thrupp, in hie Pi.fr Uj/^ 1SS3, Ho. 72; nnd 
the 3; P. C K. (MtuwA flj/s,, 1871, No. 377. It is 
alightly Indebted to Denn Alford's ft-, as above. 

I, Hail, thm Hatd! to smlaed and vmdri, 
By Elizabeth Charles, n#j Bundle, in hot Vbfce 
of Christian Life in fiWr, 1858, p. 1S& ; and her 
Chronishu Of IS* ScJtfnterg-Cotta Family, 1862, 
p. 201. it i« ia a /aw collections. In the 
Jfjfftlttary, 1872, it i» eoraewhat altered, and 
begins, " Hail, then Head, so braised and torn." 
Id Thtitig's Coil., 1882, No. 173, is a cento thus 
compos«d i — it. i., from the Hipiinanj, 11. 4, 6, 
10, Mr*. Chariti, 11. 3, S, 7, 8, 9, Preo t 2Vuij,- 
Bt. ii., 11. 1, 2, 7, 8, 0, Jfrs. CWarfcj, 11. 3, 4, S.6, 
10, Prib. Thrill// f at. liL, 11. 1, 3, 4, 8, Mrs. 
CAarltt, II, 2, 5, 6, ?, 3, 10, i>r<*. 2Wrinj; at. 
it. nnrl v., 1L 1-8, l'reb. Tiring, 1!. 0, 10, Mrs. 
Cfiarlet. This Is a very line combined ir. of this 
part of tho poem. It hns been Epeoittllr set 
to music by Sir John Stniner; Lond., Norello 
fcCo. 

4. O utnd Hud, iwimnJai. By Sir H. W. 
Baker. THs Jr., although it follows the metre 
of the Gorman tr. (see nbore), was made direct 
from the Latin, and 1st pub. in //. A. $ X., 
1861. It is in the new ed., lB75j the Irish 
Church ffyi,, 1875, fee. 

5. H«ad, till hail, with gore dnpa aeathnd. By 
H. Ernaston, ia bis Qscaswai ilys., 1862, p. 85. 

In addition to these, two hymns by H. 
Alford, -which were based on Bt. Bernard, ap- 
peared in hie Pa. & Sm., 1344, 8fl <* Glory to 
Thy Father's face," and " Tbon Saviour who 
Thyself didst give." Tlie text, in 10 els., as 
Emm jd JJenkl, ii., p- ^^ I 1 * 3 alB <> been 
jr. by D. T. Morgan, in his Hot. of the Ixdin 
Cfcurefc, 1871, p. 76 ; and She 1880 ed., p. 97, as, 
"Saviour of toe world, to Thee, Blessed One 
[Jesu,low] I bow the knee." 

The Poem, as arranged in Herat's Paraditta 
animae Christiana*, 1644, as above, lias teen 
It., probably by W. J. Copeland (see p. 941, L), 
in Dr. Paseyfl (r. of Horat; and, again, by 
Canon Oakeley, iu bis *f. of the same, 1850, 
as follows :— 
J. Jaa noma* fio Tirtutit 

1. Jnu, Printe of Lift and Ponar. 

X. Jeso, £K>t King otuvliig -neiltb. 
II. CkrUtl Jem, feat bonomm, 

1 . Jen, ¥ijon1of endleis pUa«ui«. 

3. CbrJst J«au, Penniof bUEjlngs rife. 
Iu. Cliriiti Jan, Pajlar tone. 

L Qncloiu Jeui, Bteplierd good. .Pitttv. 

a. Jean Christ, Ttwa ShtpTmnl good. Oskatg. 



SALVE REGLNA 



991 



OaktXry, 



I. Savloar, Wbow all-idtyiug cut, J*tu«y. 

1. Stviour, BUTuwnclj excellent. Oakaqf, 

1, Clorj' of Lhshtivans above. Pufnf, 

J. Christ, my flod, (Utli'l be*«iiii-Bre, OsMcjf. 

1. Holy taut, tilvinelf sireet. riisey, 

2, All hail, divlneat neait, to Thee. Oatxltg. 
vil. Caput spiKii airmtatttm. 

I. Ah, tbat Head vrilb slurp tliorns tnmned. 

J. AH bleeding wuh tbe tuigled Iberrt. £}o^«^. 
Although, taken as it wliolo, comidernble 
Attention cuts been given to this poem la its 
various farms, y«t aomo of the Parts haTO Buf- 
fered from neglect. TJiis aoould be remedied 
by on able translator. [<f. J.] 

SBlTet, OasHdtlaBime. [St, John Baptist] 
A hymn of 40 linjs giTen by Mone, rlo. 650, 
from a ms. of ]439, at Karl&rulio, and n 25th 
cent. MB. at Mainz. It lina been tr. by O, 
Moultrie in bis Hyi. ami Zyncs, &c, 18(57, 
p. 215, aa " Hail, O thou of women bom." 
Also in the Peoyle't H-, ltsG7, and as^icd " M." 

[W. A. S.] 

Salve reginft. HtrtitamusGontraetniQ). 
[B. Y. M.'] Ihh tnmous siiiiiplion baa been 
attributed to a great Tariety of authors. The 
opinion of DurniiduB (d. 1296), io hie Hatianaie, 
was, that It tfaB by Pctma of M onsoro (Petrus 
Msitinea do Moeoacio), Bp. of Compsatella, 
who d. ctroo 10QO. It has also been jtaoribed 
to Adbemar F Bp. of PiKlinM {La Pnj), who d. 
1098 ; to Bernard, Archbishop of Toledo, who 
d. 1124. ; to Angola], Bp. of Lucca, who d. 
1086 ; to Si Bernard, of Clairvaux, wl» d. 
1153, io. Tritbeim (d. 1518) and others think 
that i t woe by Hermanuae Contractus (d. ] 054) ; 
and this seems, on tho whole, tho moat pro- 
hnbln opinion. In any cose it must have boeu 
known by 1100, for there arc sermons on the 
first part of It (down to wiKe), by Bcronrd of 
Toledo (soe Mine's P. P. Lai., vol. 184, col, 
1053), Thwe is also a MmMlatio upon it, 
which Wane, vol. 184, col. 1078, givi» as by 
Anselm of jjiicoa ; and at vol. 149, col. 588, 
among tho OjjHKiwJa spuria ascribed to St 
Aneclm of Lucca The text of the uitiphon, 
which is embodied in the Mcditatio, is pro- 
bobly tbe eriginal forni, ond reads thus : — 

"Stive, reglnn juterimnnse, Tim, dulnito, et opes 
nostra, salve. Ad te clamamuB eivUes AMI Eru. Ad 
le esaph-unus, aemanles at flentas In sao Jnchrjnurtun 
vtlbf. Hit. ei^ji, advent* nestra, illoa tme mlsericMrJes 
ocuIm ftd n» oonverte, et Jeeuid, DOnedktum fnurcci 
venuls tnl, pwt hoc eilUvm o$ten(]«. O clemeiift, O vAt, 
q dulf Is Mirii." 

Almost the same test is given by Daniel, 
ii., p. 321, from A Munich IIS. of thfl 13th cent., 
Ac ; and by Schubiger, in his SSngeriehiite 
St. Gotten*, 1858, p. 85, from the Einsiedeln 
km., No. 33, written about 1300. So in a 
Home, in the Bodleian (lAtqrg. Sttsa, 104, f, 
123>, written in England about 1310, where, 
huwever, it begins, " Salve reginn, mater mis- 
erioordiae": an<( mjd9,*'0 chjlois Virgo Maria." 
Thle test test is that found in the Soman Brt- 
eiary (e^g. Modena, 1480, t. 512, and laterals.), 
where it is appointed for use at Compline, 
from tlie First Vespers of Trinity Sunday, tip 
to None on the Saturday before Advent Sun- 
day. According to tradition.Jbo ooncludiug 
Sojrt of- the antiphon, " clomons, O pin, 
ulcie Maria," was first added from an ejacula- 
tion by St. Bernard of Ohiirvaux, in the cathe- 



9H2 



SALVBTB CHBISTI 



dial at Speyer (Spires) ; but a* will be seen 
above, these worda are in the earliest forma 
of the test. [Sea Tari™.] 

In mediaeval times, this entiphon became » 
great Favourite, and in many churches money 
Wo* left to provide for having it regularly aung. 
It was much used in Italy by the fishermen 
and sailors, when at eea, in stormy weather. 
One result of its popularity was, that a largo 
Dumber of hymns were written upon it, em- 
bodying the words of the antiphoa in their 
various stanzas.. Mont, Nos. 481-495, gifts 
nine examples, more or tees complete, from 
Mae. of the 14th and 16th cents. ; and a tenth 
is id Danitf, ii., p. 323. The fine plain-song 
melody (given by Schubiger as above), has 
alio been ascribed to Hermannns Contractus ; 
and the antiphonhaa been aet to music by very 
many composers since his day, Luther spoke 
very sharply of the veneration of the B. v. M. 
in uds atttiplton, and of the honour said to it 
by the ringing of the church belle while it was 
being sung. A Protestant version, beginning 
"Sabre Bes aeternae miaerioordiae," was in 
nse at Erfurt in 1535. Id the Appx. to the 
Roman Catholic JSjpwiorMW, put at Sigis- 
mundhist, in 1524, there is on evangelical 
version which reads, e.g. <— 

"Salve J«n Christ*, mitsrlcordU, vita . . . Advocate 
noeter - . ■ «t lelpe&jn beaedictuia filium DM Putin 
DoWi . - . 6 clement, pis, duleie jera fill UHise." 
(See JMumter. i* p. W. md H-, p. TO.) 

The Botitan Breviary form of the text has 
been tr, as : — 

1. Xother vt mtnj, kail, 4 F*oirat [|"W.tli>~ 
(toua. By E. Cuwall, la his ijra CbtAoftco, 
1849, p. 40 ; and hia /ify*. ^ -Pomu, 1873, p. 23. 
This is in main a few Roman Catholic collections 
for mUslon* and schools. 

Other ti». are: — 

li Hayle Queue, mother of nwrcje. -Kirwpi frCuwr. 
1UB. 

2. Al] lmik.0 Qoeene motto: of mercle. iVfiwr. 16J». 

3. At nalle, Quae mother of Mercie. Primer, 
J6U. 

4. Hill to ta* Qn»n who reign* atom Primer, 1S8S. 
t. Hall, tippy queen; Uwu nurey's parent, nalL 

friuur, itoj. 

*. Bill, <ju**o, we hafl thee. J. A. Boat, ism. 

7. Bait ioty ^n**n, moths; pf merer, frose tr. in 
thefrfew, lief, «n<m» Ovw»e/ Am iT. flft.. 19CI. 

[J. M.] 

Balvete Chriati vuinera. [Pattioniitk.') 
This is the hymn at Lands ia the office of 
the Host precious Blood or our Lord Jesus 
Christ (see " Im juste Conditoris "}. It is 
found in tho Soman Breviary, Veaioe, 1798, 
Vena, AppeudtXt p. 60 ; and is repeated in 
later eda. of the Jtoman Brtriwry, and in 
Daniel, ii p. 355. [J. II.] 

Translations in C. U. :— 

1. Hall wonnds! which through, etonl jam. 
By E. Caswall, in hia Lyra Otthoika, 15*9, 
p. ST, and hi* Hp. i Poems, 1873, p. 46. It is 
in a few collections in full, and also altered 
and abridged to 5 it in Spnrgcon's 0. 0. H. Bk, 
1866, ai " How clearly all His torturing wcuads." 

1. EW1J nilr wnnsc *f Thos, ball. By U. X. 
Oicnhim, in hU The Stnimct of Kairsz, and 
Oiktr Forms, 1854, p. 190 \ the I860 App&xfix 
to the- fi. ifoted; Lyra Evo&aristiea, 1663; and 
0. Shipley'* Axnss Samtu$, 1884. 

TiuuLt^vn art tn 0. u. t — 

All lull to yen, siv-tet JftiB'a wounda. -r. tfaJiiM. 
l"<» [J. J.] 



SANCTE DEI f EETlOBE 

Salveto oUvl ot lancea. [Pastitmtide.'] 
This ia the hymn at Matins in the Office of 
the lance and nails of Our Lord Jesus Christ. 
This Office has been added to the Sonttin Bre- 
viary since 1740, and is now appointed to bo 
said aa a Greater Double on the E^iday after 
the 1st S. in Lent at Matins ; the 2nd part of 
the hymn, " Tinctam ergo Ohristi sanguine ™ 
being appointed for Lauds. It ia in the 
Annan Breviary, Bologna, 1827, iVlf* V*stW 
8vpplem?7>t, v. 267; and is repeated in later 
eds, of the itonnw Erwiary- [J. JI-] 

Translation in C U. : — 

Biil iptLr and nalli! tn wafls latpilad, By 
E. Csswsll, in hia Lyra Catholics, 1S4&, p. 78, 
ths (r. of « Tinctam ergo Christ) eaagviiqe," H 
" turn those blessed points, all bath'd," being 
on p. 7T, and again in his Hyt. A Poems, 1ST3, 
both on p. 43. In the 1363 ed. Of the Appendix 
to the H. JVbterf, No. 044, is composed of the two 
parts, with the d**ology repeated once only. Pt. 
Ii. for Lauds, " turn those blessed points, all 
bathed," ia in 0, Shipley's Assyu 8arv$u& t 1884. 

Translations not ia C. TT. :— 

1. Hsil, holy nwlj, h«ll, bUased epear f" Eli? etc 
cl»Tl"V J, WWloe*. lev*. 

1 Turn on me Iben tout pointed dtrt (•Tinetam 
*nja"). J. Walla*. 18*4. [J. J.J 

SMictae SroriMiBUJat emco«nia, [Dedi- 
cation of a CfturKft.] Dr. Neale, in bu Se- 
mientiae, 1852, p 852, gives this from the 
Vrentheifu. Missal of 1519 ; and bis text has 
been repeated fey Daniel, v, p 215, and EeA- 
ran, No. 877. IV. ns:— 

1, Holj- g»a's festt 1* cpnsd. By P. Oaelow. 
Appeared iii Z^nt JJV^jirniidJ, IB64, p. 49, and 
aga^n In ths ^f, Jfacijqnff** Jfytrmal [East 
Qrinstead], 1S75. 

4. Fair SW. nmt la ready. By G. Moultrie, 
given In the Petpt^t H., 1867, with the signs' 
tore " [>. P.," ftud again in the translator'! fit- 
ptxaak of St. Dorothea, Ac., 1870, p, 52. 

8. Glad Ziom't hmlli are sowkuiib;. By t*. Onslow, 
in ths Lyra Myiliea, 1865, p. 86. [W, A. S.] 

aancte Dei pretioao, ppotomartyT 
StepluMis. [Sf. Sfejjfom.] The original 
form of thia hymn is in 8 at. of 8 tines (ii. 
" Funde preces," iii. * Gloria ct honor "). 
This form ia in two lies, of the 11th cent, in 
the British Museum {Vesp.D.tii., i. 36 ; Harl. 
2&61, f. 229) ; and in tlie Latin Syt. of the 
AngL)-3won Ch^ 1851 , is printed from an 11 th 
cent Ma. at Durham. (B. iii. 32, f. 14.) Also 
in the Saram, Hereford, York, Aberdeen, and 
other Breviaritt. Sonutimea used for the 
InYentlon of St Stephen. The original form 
is also printed by Moat, No. llfiS, from an 
11th cent m& at Sttittjfart, £c. The text in 
Daniel, i, No. 221, contains six uddillunal 
stanzas, probably of North German origin, 
and of rnnch later date. [J. 3kL] 

Translations in C. TJ. :— 

1. Baimt rf Hod, eUst and pnelons. By J. M. 
Nealo, of the 3 et. feim. of the teat, ia the H. 
.Xoitd, 1BS2; the &<ftnner, 1882, Itc. 

I. Bslat of Ood, boknd Stephen. By W. J. 
Blew, ia hit (SsrcA By. $ l\me Bt., 1852-^55, 
ChrUtmiv), He 13, and in Bier's Set. from the 
same, 1870, No. 12. This, in fi it. of 1., Is 
from thi! te*t of D/mitt abridgeil, 



SAKOTI SPIRIT UB 

Tnaalatimi iurt in 0, TT, :— 

1. Holy Stephen 1 Ptotginartvr. /. J). (Sam**™, 
IBS), frra th* tert of JXmtrf. 

& Fine martyr, Stephen, this li ha. /. ir. Jft»i«*<i 
lSf», from the early form In J it. {J. J.] 

Sancti Spirdtua atteit nobis gratia. 
«. Jfotter- IWhitwaHfo. - ) This has fre- 
quently been ascribed to King Robert of 
trance, bat apparently without ground. It 
is bond jo a M8 iti the Bodleian (Bodl. 77*. 
f. 133 6), apparently written emsa 1000 ; in a 
Winchester book of the 11th cent, now in 
Corpus Christ! College, Cambridge, No. 473 ; 
in two «cs«. of the 12th cent, in the British 
Museum (Add. 11,669 early 13th, f. 51b; 
Calig- A, xiv. a. 1193, f. 62) ; in the Prim 
QraSttal, circa 1000, aod the &hternach Gra- 
dual of the 11th oent., both in the Bib). Hat. 
Puis; in four Mas, of the 11th cent At St 
Gall, Noa 376, 378, SCO, 381 : in a. us. of the 
end of the 10th cent, at Einsiedeln (121, p. 187). 
Among Mittalt it is found in on eariy 14th 
mmt Pari*, and a 14th «nt, iSsm in th* British 
Museum ; in a Serum circa 1370, a Hertford 
cfrtft 1370, and a York drca 13D0, all now in 
the Bodleian : in thu St Andrew*, the 31ag- 
cUlntrg of 1180, and many other Missals, even 
in Italy and Spain. The printed text in also in 
Mom, No. 137 ; Damd, ii. p. 16, and i&riWn, 
No.l2i. 2V. aa:^ 

Dm, Hrij Shut, witbt* u*. By C. S. Ol- 
veriey, made for aad pub. ill the Hytiitscsry, 1B72. 

Other tn, an: — 

1. The grace of the tf olv <llif>rt be present with *», 
J. II. Nette, i prow tc. In hit Jrcftrtwi J?sr, 2nd ci, 
1861. 

9. Mar the Holy Spirit"* sruc. By H. B. Purson, 
hi the Stnttn Miital rtl Anoint, 186*. 

3. Mow mir th* Holy Strife gr*c*. By C. B. 
Pe*T9on hi bb SHfuHM&frtM (Jit Sunn* JflttdJ, nil. 

4, Oilol^Spitlt, grunt ue grace, To nuke our heett*. 
Ac. S* U. JJ. Plumplnt In his Tkiagi mn and old, 
lee*. [J. M.] 

Baiwrtl TBnite, oorpuB CTuiati au- 
mlte. [Holy OommtmiOB.] This U found in 
the AntiiJtosaTitm Besfhortnte, an antipho- 
nary written 630-691 at the Monastery of 
Beugar, Comity Ih>nn, Ireland, and now in 
the Ambrosial Library at Milan. The kb. 
has been jirinted in L. A. Muratcri'e Opere, 
to), ii., pt. iii, Arezzo, 1770, and the hymn in 
question is there at p. 238 as "a hymn when 
tbe priests communicate." Tliia title explains 
at. i., 11. 3, 4, "Sanctum bibentes, Quo re* 
deznpti, sanguinem," "It has," eaye Neale, 
" a certain pinna simplicity about it 'which 
renders it well worthy of preaerT&tion." Its 
Original D»e was probably to be snug as a 
Goramuiuo in the Mass (see Oannwuo, s. SH, 
I.), The printed text is also in Rambach, i. 
p. 132? Daititl, i. Koi 160, and it. p. 1W; 
and Jftmkr. No. 61. [J. M.] 

Translation in C. U. :— 

Ihw niffL, uoi uk* tbt Body of the Lord. By 
J. M. Neale, pub. in his Xedixeal Hymns, 1851, 
p. 19, in 10 st, of S 1. It pused into theJfiipfc's 
/f., 1897 (7 St.); ffi -4. * Jf., 1&S3 and 1S75 
(in full) j th« S. P.C, K. Oiwch %»., 1871 (in 
full)} In others la 6 et. oaly, and in most cases 
with rtry tlight nlt«r»ti«»s. In the ffg, Qmoi, 
it is altered ax " Come, talce hy faith the Body 
of yoar Lord." Id hi* aua*tit*il «l. of the 5j. 
(Smip. Bp. Bicherfteth has this n&to ou Yit 
HfBiitAei t«*t ! — 



SANOTOBTOt MERITIS 993 

" Tlte Editor tw venturrf hj ntodlfr fate [H«h1>l 
fimt Uk ■ Dnv nijh and Ulu llie Bo4r of th* Laid, 1 
which contains no Ibutlgtll ueffarlni; ta Satuti, ta 
IntiutuciDi; ttu vonls *by fklUi 'j *nd vbile thus fed- 
tering nwre cloKlf ta tie orizlail Latin, 1» has ei^ 
preee«d tne teacbing of our ChuTch, ■ Tb* Bodj- and 
Bk»d «[ Cbrltt are verily and Indeed taken maA k. 
eetved lj Jk/iilVU In the LordlsSupiier ' (faitol jml 
And t(t1n t ■ The neans whereby the twdf of Christ u 
recetrea and eaten la tbe Supper Is/aitA Orlith 

(Btoitf.)'" 

In addition to thi* alteratioa Bp. Bickersteth 
hns several others, all of which, with one excep- 
tion, deal more with the rhythm of the lines 
than with doctrine. Tha exception, is st. x~, 
which r«ads in th* Latin ; — 

■■ Alpha et Omega ipsa QirUtna domlnaa, 
Venlt vauoriu Juak«e homines." 

In Jlfls/j!.— 

" Alphi and Otnsga, U wbom (lull bow 
All nations At the Doom, It with M> E*rw." 

In the flj> Odinp. ,- — 

" JudgB ftf mil, onr only 3«Tioin Thou, 
In. this Thy Fent of leva Ik with us now." 
[J. J.] 

Sanctorum meritis lnolita gaudia. 
[Common of Mattytt.] This hymn ii fro- 
qutatly referred to by Hincmar in hie u De 
ana «t non trina, Deirate," 8S7; hut he <Iit* 
tiuotly BiiVa he <Auld not diBoorer its author. 
It is found in four mm. of the 1 1th cent, in the 
British Museum {Jul, A. vi, f. 636; Vesp. D. 
lii., f. 104; fiarl. 2961 f. 2474 ; Add. 30^51 
f. 152 d) ; and in tho Xatitt Hyt. ef tht Anglo 
Savon Ch-, 1851, i* prinled from an lltb. cent. 
MS. at Durham (B. iii. 32, f. 89), Also in a 
m, of tho 10th cent, at Bern, No. 455 ; iu a 
UB. of tbe 11th oont, at Corpus Chriiti Col- 
lege, Cambrideo (No. 391, p. 272) ; in the St. 
Gal! >us, 413 and 414, of the 11th cent It 
is in tbe .Soman, Sanaa, York, Aberdeen, Pari* 
of 1(543* and other jBmtar&a — tbe 5otim» ma 
being at 1st VrSpeis and at Matins in tho com- 
mon of many martyrs. The printed text ii 
also in Dttttiti i. No. 170, and iv, p. 139, giving 
alao the text of the Roman Breviary, 1632; 
Wacktnmnd i, JTo. 125; ft. M. Drevei'i 
Hj/maarita Moii»icnxnti», 188&, from a 10th 
oenL us.; and Card. Newman's i?vmtj ^o 
eUsiae, 1 83S aud 1865. [J. M.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Ta* triamnlu (f ta* ja*rtj»'d aaJatt. By Bn, 
R. Mant, in his Jsei'cni Jigs., *?c, 1337, p. 76, 
and 1S71, p. 133, It is given in several Collec- 
tion*, Including Scnatdy, 1343 ; tha Peaptfa B. 
1&67 ; the ngmxavg, 1B72, tVc. 

I. II* triumphs of tie snint*, Slwed fa 
tTeimoi*. By J. M. Ntale, in the H t tsottd, 
1852, No. 39. la the enlarged ed,, 1394, it was 
given as "The meriU of the saints," and this 
latter resdiag is utnnlly given ui modera hymn* 
books. In later editions of the S, Jfoied tha 
original readiog was restored. 

TnnsUtlou nit la 0. V. I — 

j. LU wf thai felkra-es he the glorious Jojm eeaad 
out, JViaur, ISM. 

S. Br hnalp* of S*lnts, come let our tongue* relate. 

j. l*t he txm'A acts and triumphs stag, fnfner. 
16S5, 

i. When hlwUnJ Mcnea fill the taaeful Qnlra. 
rrimtfr nee, 

s. Stag wo tha p**rl«ss deeds of msrtyr'd salata. 
AT, CUnwrB. lele. . 

4. Erettaen, tbe pni?e flt the holy ones walcen. IV. 
j, Bttw, ieea-65. 

T. The triuaipbs of the silnu, Their Jove beyond 
comp*re- J, D. 0«tnitort. 1917. 



994 



SAttDYS, GEOEGE 



e. Ttt wondrous Jsts willed (rown the mhui, «f. tr, 
ffcwttt. law. 
1. Le* us prwlsim the Martyrs' bliss. /. Vntflu«. 

The ynriatiQTis in the J?atnfin Brev. text 
from the Older fOrtu nre very slight. The trs. 
by JVcnie, Blew, (jUamhers, and Jieweft, tiro 
from the Older form ; the test folio* the Roman 
Bret, fnini. There is on nuonyiiious imitation 
rntlur than a tr. of tho Lmtin text in Fallow's 
lit)*, for F\$>, fltwi Private Worship, 1847: 
an:! Again, with the addition of a doxology, in 
Johnston's E-r^link JfymJ., 1852, beginning 
"Blent Lord, the crown of groat reward." [J. J.] 

Sandys, Gecwge, a, of J>r, Edwin Sandys, 
Archbishop of York, was b. at Bisnopthorpe 
Palace, Yiirk, in 1&77, and educated at St> 
Mary Hall end Corpus Christi Co)h-gn, Ox- 
ford. For some years he devoted himself to tra- 
velling in Europe and Asia, and pnb. in 1G15 
n curious account of bis experiences. After 
visiting America, where he was for n time the 
Treasure* of tho British Colony of Virginia, 
ho became, on hie return, a Gentleman of tho 
Privy ChamTjor of Chariot; L Ho d, at Boxlev 
Abbey, Kent, March 16 IS. Hie publications 
included Ilia Trtitillit't Tktttthsai-viwj ; tho 
prose work on bis travels, A Btlation of a 
journey begun in 1610, &o,, 1615; a Ij*. of tho 
IfotHttufrphGees of Ovid ; and Orotim's tragedy 
of Christ's Passion. His productions which 
most nearly concern hyinnology were : — 

(1) A iftzraphraw upon th& i'ialmer qf David, ttnd 
fcjttitl tte tiufnns dispersed throughout the (Ad and jYcid 
Itslanuntt. London: at Hit RiU, ib St. J'axl't Churth- 

jfarrl. K.DCKXXF1. 

(2) jt fararJirase vim ilo ttfoitu I'<nmt bf Gtorgt 
Kmt!j5, Jxtnirt*-' at Ac «ttl fn St, Fvitl't ChimiliyaTd. 
ttimxxirni. Tills Tolnme c*nt*li«il the I'ampliraa; 
ntthi realms, pamphrsw upw Joli^EcclfisiamH, tlx 
Limsnlitlntig of Jeremi4li> und the Swigs collects! out 
at tin Old itnl New TffsKwments. 

(3] Ills purnplirase of nft* Smff of Sibmon was pul). 
In Lfrii. Tim nuttt svillnljle form orttwsc work* U tlio 
Rev. E. Hoopar'u rtpiinturSaiuljs's Prcitl.in SmitU'i 

A few only of Sandye's versions of the 
Fsalms are found ill modem iiyniu-booke, al- 
Uiongb they weTe set to mnsift by Honty 
Lswos. His inflncnee, howeveT, upon later 
parapbrasere was can»idei^blo. [See twJt-jn, 
SngLuh, % i] Tlio following, together with a 
few otheri annotated under their reapsctivo 
first lines, are In O. U. : — 

l. How are tlit Gentiles all on fl™. Ps. ii. 

i. Lord, for Tliee I dully or. Pi. JiaitV. 

3. My Qui. Tliy aijppil*n( bur. P*. ExxzeI. 

4. FtjiIbj the Lord (ptbioneii on Ulgli. Pi. c!. 
fi. Snig tbe Ojaai J'ebovAh'a pn>44e, Pit txvi. 
6. Thou, Lortt, my witMBS art. Pb, fiwxi. 

1. Thmi wlm lit [dw^Uwt] «MtlTOU«d »1kts. Pi. 

5. Yoa, *h* dwell sba?e Us skies, Pi. cxlBlii. 

Those paTaptimeos oe in C, TJ. are in tlio 
form of *entos. [J. jj 

fteokey, Ira David, \vae h in F>liti' 
bnrgh, Pennsylvania, in 1840, of Methodist 
pwflntu. About I85C he removed with bis 
paTonts to Kowcaatle, Pennfiylvftuia, whero 
he became a member of tho Methodist Epi^ 
Gcopal Ciiurch. Four years afterwards lis be- 
came the Superintendent of a largw Sunday 
School in which he commenced his career of 
ninging soctou songs and solos. Mr. Moody 
Ihet with Mm and heard him gins at the Inter- 
national Convention of the Younj^ Men's 
Christian ABBocia.tion, at IndianapoHs, tind 



BASS, «EOR&E HEEBERT 

throupb Mr. Moody's persuasion: ho joined 
biirt in his work rtt ChiclK*. After some two 
or three years* work in Chicago, they soiled 
for England on June 7, 187& Mid held their 
first meeting at York a short time afterwards, 
only eight persons being present. Their snb- 
EcquCDt work in Drcrtt Britain and America is 
well known. Mr. Sankey's special duty was 
the singing of snered songs nnd solos at re- 
ligious gatherings, a practice which w(lb in um 
in America for &omo time before ho adopted 
it. His volmnc of Sfl<f«j Smgt an<J Solw 
is r compilation from various sources, mainly 
American aud mostly in use before. Although 
known as SaKlisyattti Maothft Stnujs, only one 
song, " Heme at last, thy labour done (see 
Various), ia by Mr. Sankey, aud not one is by 
Mr. Moody. Mr. Ban key supplied Bcveral of 
the melodies. The English edition of tlio 
Sacred S. <t B. has baa uii onormouft Bale; 
and tho work as a whole is vtry popular fur 
Homo Mission services. The Seiiija Ikvvo been 
tiAuslated into several languages, [J. J,] 

Bnutaiiil, BstptiBte de, a yoitugerbTetheif 
of Claude, and J. B. do Santoiiil, was tho 
author of two hymn* in tlio PaHt- Bret, of 
1GB0 : — "O vos UDftnimcA Christictdnm chori," 
and "AdeErfc sanett coelites." These were 
repeatctl in his brother's Hymni Sacri et 
jYoL-ij 1089, and the 2nd cd. of the same, 
1G9&. [G. A. C.J 

Santeliil, Claude de>, elder brother ot 
Jean-Daotlste de Hunteiiil(aoe below), was b, in 
Paris, Feb. 3, 1628. He became a et-oulut ecaie- 
siAstic of the Beminwfy of St. Mugloire, Pa™, 
whence ho was also known under the Latin* 
iaed form of his name ns Santeling Moujloria- 
nus. He d. Sept. 2°, 1C6±. Like his bfotiier, 
lio was a goad writer of Latin poetry, tuul 
some hymns by him were included in tho 
Cluiiiae Bret., 1636> s.nd tho Pari* Breciaritt 
of 1C60 and 1730. Some of these hymns hove 
been translated into English, and are in C. U. 
in G. Britain. [&eo iMs* tf Antimn »n4 
Tramlatan,] [Gt. A. 0] 

S&nteml, Jean-BaptiBte do, was b. in 
Paris of a good family on May 12, 1630. He 
was one of the regular Canons of St. Yictor, 
at Paris, and, under the name of flantolius 
Victorinue, \i*s di3tinguiahcd as a writer of 
Latin poetry. Many af his hymns appeared in 
the Clmiiac Brev. 1686, and the Paris JJrces- 
16S0 ftwd 1736, and several have been trims- 
latel into English, and are in O. U. in G. 
Britain nnd America. [See lAdix af Anthim 
nei Trundkttn.] He was very jocose in dis- 
position and singular in his habits. When on 
a journey he d. at Dijon, Aug. 5, 1G07- His 
Uytnni Sacri et Jvofi were pub. at Paris in 
16S9, and again, onlorgecJ, in 1698. [ft. A. O.J 

SantoliuB JlaglorlamiB. [)3«iteiui,ciavd> 

do.] 

Sentoliua Victorinue. [BantBtta, J«n- 

ftasB, Qaorge Hubert, b. in Charleston, 
South Carolina, I>ec. 24, 1S4S, where ho hns 
resided most of his life. He has contributed 
to tho preos a immber of religious poems uud«t 
the now de plume of " .C«r/o!i (Jivy." These 
bnvo not come into use as hy 111113 for con- 



fiAT PAULS. SAT TEEEIS 

gregalienid purposes, The following lire given 
in the S L ha,tf & Gilmnn Library of Ikliijums 
Poetry. 1881, 

1. Owdct it iffnLs, die sires! and solemn lour ! 
CAriW*w» t&rol. 

1. Once more through storm mi calm the cnugeTul 
Imurs, Tie JKw jKiuesta. 

a. Out Ot dust «lfl darfcnMa, touts. XGfttr. 

4. SouL o'er life" b mi wean faring, wl!™ Me. 
^ [J. J.] 

Sat Paule, sat terrie, datum, <3niJ- 

lauWC <fe In BTKKeticre. [Conversion of St. 
Paid,] Appeared in tho Bent &rtv., 1726, and 
tlie jW» Breviary, 1680, M the hymn at 
Mai ins nnd second Vespers on tlie 30th Juno. 
It ia also in other Fi'ench Bre?i«ries and in 
Cud. Newman's Jfymni JOcaletiae, 1886 and 
1865. It has becu tr. us '. — 

l. Enough, Paul, enough, and now. A WiSlimm. 
1839. , 

3. Enough, Foul, on eiita no laore. J, D. Vnnm- 
btrs. 186ft. 

J. Williams's Jr. lias been in C. U., but that 
by Chuubeffd bus n&t passed into tlie hymn- 
books; [J- J-] 

Bftturatue fbruuliB. [Uoty Communion,] 
A hymn in 15 st, nnd entitled "A giving of 
thanks after Holy Communion," ia quoted by 
Afone, Ho. 232, from o BoichehRU Ma. of the 
14th uutt, a. BeicbfiDuii us. of the 15th cent, 
ami a Munich us, of tbo 15th cent, It is also 
contained in the St Gall WS-, No, 309, of the 
15th cent. The Munich lis: contains the 
hymns of the Carthusian prior I£oht»i], of 
Ganiing, in Lower Austria, As the Beichenau 
kss. agree in differing from the tost of the 
Munich It ts probable that Konrad only made 
ft few alterations on an older hymn, Tr- as :— 

1. Erf with tontin torn «b*w. Bf J. D. China- 
Urs. In hi» Lawta Sire*, liar, r> aaa ^ mi the J"ffl^ 
Jftanal. 18*+, 

t> Wiai dukwt daiattet nsmiiittJ, By n. F. LitUc- 
dale, In th* JJtar Afnjtji«E, 16(3 ; and train in the 
Psijiji'j A, w, Mft. Its, tun signed "I), L„" Le, 
Dr. LlWedsle. [W. A. B,] 

Saviour, again to Thy dear TSame 
we raise, J. ERertott- [Evening.] Written 
in 38GG, in 5 et. of 4 ]., for the festival of tho 
Malpas, Middlewioll, and Niintwich Choral 
Association of that year, and adapted to the 
tune *' St, Agnes," in Thome's CoU. Of thfe 
hymn there are tlie following texts : — 

1. Hit erigintl In S st. at i L Sua Ko. 4. 

*. Vt. Jilltri'Mi'* rsviwl am abrldcoil t*st fijr ibe 
Jfp. to Zf. J. A jr., ItSB, in 1st, This is H>C Hmit 
[Kffnikr farm of tb* lijutD, and U In *xi*hb1v« use. 

3. Tbs stat tiKt, nitli St. U. and ill. transpoEfld, and 
R.1II., 1. 1, cbanged tton -. — 

"<3ianl ui Thy peace. Lord, tiro 1 xoe comJnff ntjht," 
*o, 

•■ Giunt as Thj ptticOirnuj* (Af n^jriKurinmi nlflht " 
and inclitded tn chunk llj/mnt, lSH. The use of tliLB 
form of the UfOm in limlttd. 

4. Th* Jbfin g/rreA in Thrlng'a MIL, 1SS2. in S nt., 
th* mttt dolicitti?, btBtttifu!, ind tftruter of ill. It is the 
origjaal t*tt, -with th* tKC*plion8 Ihtt st. 111. was 
«rlgiu% U. U.i tsi st. il. otrl^lnally St. ILL, And the 
first Una of et. tl.. hMi, "flrint 08 Thy f«*4i(, Lord, 
thmngh th* Mining n^fht." 

1?bB snocesi) irhich has attended this bymn 
lb Tery great He oomoosition of Mr. Elision's 
has attained to anything approaching it In 
^xt^nsiToneBB of nso in Qnrat Britain and 
America. In Mnrtinebb's Hymns, Sas., 1^3, 
it begins, "Again to Thee, our guardian Clod, 
we rdise." fJ- J.l 

Saviour, blesa th© word to all. T. 



BAYIOUlt, BY THY SWEET 095 

JMty. [Fit a hlettinti "ft ike iron!,] Ap- 
pearwl in the ijiid «i. ni' liii Ht/iritii, &a. t 1806, 
in 3 St. of 4 1. (ell. 1853, Wo, 4:^4). It ja in 
C. TJ. in this form. In tlie American Uni- 
tarian Ifys. for the CAHrefi of Ciwitl, 1S53. it 
is altered lo " Father, bices Thy word to nil." 
ThU t«lt is repeated in n, fcir coilections ; and, 
Boaietimes, as in the ,S'onps for the Sanctuary, 
X. Y„ 18C5, with C- 'Wesley'B sianzn, "Sinf; 
wo to our God above," as ci doxology. [J. J.] 

Saviour, Ideaead Saviour. G. Tkrfnij. 
IPreitittg Onttmr^*.] Written in 1602, nnd 
1st pub. m hift Hymns, Congregational owl 
Otlxrt, 1&5B, p, 86, in 8 et. of 8 1. In IB0« 
it was repeated in the ■itfijKiidw to IT. A. 
d> M., with alterations by the author and tbo 
compilers of JI. A. A M., in st. y., Tii., nnd 
iriii. When included in the S. F, C. lv. 
Clmrrh Hymns, 1871, Trobendary TliriiiJt 
added the stanza. " Farther, ever farther." 
This full form of the text -n'as repeated in his 
if j*. and Sae. Lyrtts, 1674; unci in his Gil!., 
1882. It lias been specially set to rmwic by 
Sir H. B. Oakeley, tlio Bev. J. Francis, J. IX 
Fairer, and. others. In Eererftl American 
hymn-books it is broken up as : — 

1. Brighter atUl, juul Irijhtsr, In tlie It eiiijfffitn» 
Jfyuuial, Fli1Iade]]itila, 1ST!, »tid Mb^ts, 

i. Clutitr yet and eharw, In tlie snips «/ cktit- 
lian IVaitt, X. ¥., ]NS(l. 

!, Smw, «tot nearer. In J«u(jn !>™iuit, N. T., 

199J, 

Thmn^lt theeo vniioiis forme tho use of 
this hymn is cstensivo. It is well suited for 
a processional, [J, J,] 

Saviour, breathe an evening blens* 
iEg. /. Edmethm. [ilreniwj,"] Appeared 
in bis Sacred Lnrici, 1st set, 1320, p. 4, in 2 st, 
of $ 1., and thus introduced "At night their 
short evening hymn, ' Jean llnbnxnroo ' = 
' Jesus forgive us,' stole through tlie camp,— 
Saltc's TrOxtli in Airyatinia." One of the 
earliest to adopt it for congregational uso 
was Bickersteth, who included it in Lis 
Christian Psalmody, 1S3S. It wns repeated 
in the Leedi H. Ilk., 1853, end otliers, until 
it has taken rank with the first Evening 
Hynnis In the English language. It is found 
in the hymnals of all English -speaking 
countries, and usually In its correct end 
complete form. In tho Ihj. Gvmp., revised 
ed., 1876, Bp, Bickerstolh has added a third 
etjium of 8 I., beginning " Father, to Thv holy 
keeping," and in Turing's Coil., lflSa, tba 
editor has re-arranged the hymn, omitted tho 
lines canoeming sudden death, and atlded & 
fourtll irtAHia ill 4 I., beginnine; "Be Thou 
nigh, should death o'ettako us," m which the 
same thought is contained in a milder form. 
It baa been tr. into several languages. The 
Latin rendering, by B. Bingham , in his Hymnc. 
Chritt, iat, 1S71, is^Vcspere, Salvatoi", spires 
benedujta, pTiusq^onl, , ■ In liartineau's Byt-, 
1840 and 1873, toe opening line is changed 
to " Hottest, broatlio an evening blessing." 
Orig, text in the 3. Comp., st i., ii, [I. J.] 

flavicnr, hy Thy sweet compaaeion, 
Ada Cambridge. [In Affliction.] Pub, in 
her Humm on the Litany, 1S65, No. 17, in. 
7 st, of 8 1„ and hajeci upon tho words: "In all 
time of our tribulation . . . , Good Lord, 
deliver us." It is given in its fall and un- 
altered farm in the Tjyra Britasttltt^ 1SC7, 

S S 3 



996 



SAVIOUR. DIVINE 



p. 120. When used in public worship it is 
usually abbreviated, [J. J.] 

Saviour divine, we know Thy name. 
p. Doddridge. [JtntiJteaUon^ 1st pub, in 
Job Orton's posthumous edition of Doddridge's 
fftftmu, ire, 1755, No. 132, in 6 at. of 4 1., and 
headed " Christ, the Lord our Righteousness." 
Also in J. D. Humphreys's ed. of the same, 
1839, No. ISO. It is in C- V. sometimes ill an 
abridged form, and also forme part of ft cento 
iu Snepp's Songs of O. & G., 1672, No. 417, 
where st. i. is the first stanza of this hymn, 
and st. ii.-v. are st. iii.-vi. of I. Watts'* 
"Lord, wo confess our numerous faults,'* From 
bis Hys. and Spiritual Songs, 1709, Bk. j.. 
No. 111. [J. J.] 

Saviour, I lift my trembling eyes, 
[Jesus, the Guide and Advocate.'] Lard Sel- 
bome's note on this conto in his Book of 
Praise, 18uS, No. lvii., is :— 

" This hymn it here gl Ten [ta 3 St. of i 1.] wis Intro- 
duced intotba iferjJrimu GsU«fi«i (lull). [Onrmv, 
J. H.] trim A poem of »mme length, published in ihj]. 
In Tftt /ri*. a volnmt edited It the Rev. Thomas Date 
jmd »tgfl*d <M. G. TV]. The text (which *ILl tn 
Brapij At page 1S» of tint vtluua) la unaltered, e*fpt 
tout tile pint woid, * Saviour.' hno bi6a brought down 
from 1 pr^rfinp tin*, in Hnbstitiitiflii for the wortU. 
* And then," so » to gj™ to tluao st*nw •» Independent 
twgtattlng." 

These stanzas have nasaed into several 
collections, acid are wortfiy of creator notice 
thin they have received- Wo have seen the 
signature *' M. Q. T." written out us " M. G. 
Thompton." but wo ha-vo not authority to say 
that this is correct. Another cento from tho 
same poem appeared iu tho 3rd cd. of The 
Spirit of the Ptalmt. by H. P, Jiyte, 1868, in 
5 at. of 4 1,, beginning " Saviour, I think upon 
that hour." This, reduced to 4 st, is in the 
Baptist Praise Bk., N. Y., 1871, arid other 
American collections, [J. J.] 

Saviour, I Thy word, believe- A. AT. 
Jbpiady. [Christ dwelling in Man,] Ap- 
peared in his Poems oft Soared Subjects, 1759, 
No. 6, in € st. of 8 1., and based upon the 
words " He dwelleth with you, And shall be 
in you." John xiv. 17. It is also in D. 
Sedgwick's reprint of Toplady's Hs/mtu, Ac,, 
I860. In some American collections, including 
the Songs for the Sanctuary 1865, st. lii., iv., 
are given oa " Blessed Comforter, come down," 
as a hymn for Whitsuntide. [J, J.] 

Saviour, like a Shepherd, lead TIB. 
[The Good Shepherd.] The authorship of 
this hymn is a matter of some doubt. The 
earliest source to which we have traced it is 
Miss D. A. Thrupp's flymti* /or the YuWig, 
4th ed, 1836, in 4 st, of 6 1., where it is un- 
signed. Wo next find it in the Bev. W. 
Carus Wilson's Children'* Friend for June, 
1839 (p. Hi), again in 4 sL of 6 !., and signed 
" Lyte." In the January number of the same 
magazine there i& 6 National Hymn in the 
metre of " <iod save tho Queen " {" Lord, Thy 
best blessing shed"), which is signed "H. 
Lyte," and dated froin " Brisham " {see Lyte, 
H. ?., P . 7M, i). » Saviour, like a Sbopherd, 
load us" appears again in 1S39, in Mrs. Her- 
bert Mayo's Sal. ojlfys. and Paetru for itm km 
of Itifont oih{ Jntf.nik Schools, No. 171 ; and 
nigain in Ihe edition of 1810, hut nithout 
signature. As in that collection severs! 



SAVIOUB, TO TUBE 

hymn* nud poems are signed "I>. A.T.," it id 
clear that Mra. Mayo did not regard the hymn 
as Hiss Thrnpp's production, Tiie most that 
we can say is thai Uie evidence is decidedly 
against Miss Thrnpp, and somewhat unoaj- 
tain with regard to Lyte as the writer of the 
hymn. Its use is extensive both io O. Britain 
and America. [W. T. B.] 

Saviour of sinful men. C. Wesley. 
[Meeting of Friends.^ Pub. in Ht/s. aud Sue, 
Poems, 1719, in 12 at. of 8 1. {P. Works, 
1S68-72, vol. v. p. 4S&) In its full form it is 
not in C. U., but divided, or broken up into 
centos, it is found in modern hymn-books in 
the following forms :— 

1. SiTionrof xinfulauo, Tfali, in S it., tfu given In 
ilu ir«. JT. Bk., US*, No. lid, sad coolinued in ]«ter 
editionSn tt is alio ta 4tber collectioziH. 

i. DmudUa it tisflll nan, la. i it. at i \. la Mu- 
tlnun's i/jmiu, 1S40, and bis Itani, ie., 19*3. 

i. Lord of tht hoU *^a«. Tuts tn e at. ati 1. ilu 
spl«?«T*tl in MAitiiifani'e JJjfuuu, IBJo, and 1»13. Tha 
liit is tltertd from th* origliul. 

1. o wt»t ■ quflitv cliBM. In a it. of a 1. in the 
AnKTlun Meth* ii5ii«ofwJ £$rmwj Wd 

Concerning tlifl ffe». JS. Bk. arrangement 
of the hymn Mr, C*. J, Stevenson has BOilie 
pleasing reminiscences iu his Heth. 3. Bk. 
Note*. 1883, p, 30+. The centos in Mftr- 
tinean's Hymn) are specially adapted for 
Death and Burial. [J. J.] 

Saviour of the nations, come. B. H. 

Kennedy, [Adosnl.] 1st pub. in his Hym- 
milogia ChrUtiaaa,- 18C3, No. 2d, Id 11 St. of 
4 1., divided into two parts, It. ii. beginning, 
" Zion, at thy sliining gates." In 1367 Dean 
Alford gave $%. iiL, v., viii,-x., as " Come, Lord 
Jeans, take Thy rest," in his Tear of Pratae, 
No. 2G. In the 8. P. C. K. Church Hys., 1871, 
No. 73 is Vt. it. from lb« JTynmo. i'hrut. as 
above. [J. J.] 

Saviour, round Thy footstool twnd- 
ing. iiiiaidJi Pctrtmt, w4t Rooktt. [ia*t] 
This is tho roost beautiful and pathetic of 
Mrs. Pardon's hymns. It was written for her 
dass for young people at Tavistock, and sup- 
plied to J. Curwen in MS. It was iiiolud«d in 
Curweu'a Child's II, Bk., 1810, and subse- 
ouently printed in Hire. Parson's Witliiig-GltW 
Hj/mm, No. 9, in 3 at. of 6 1. In tbe (JhilSt 
11. Bk. it is in 4 at. There sjo Ihe following 
forms of the text in C. U. :— (1) that in th« 
Child's II. Bk., in 4 st : (2) the Willing-Ctatt 
Hys., in 3 st. j (3) the Meth. S. S. H. Bk., 
1879, No. 282, where st i. Hi. and v. are ihe 
original slightly altered, and st, ii, and ir. are 
frum Hodder's S. S. H. Bk. ; and (4> that in 
the Silver Street (London) S, S. Coohjujiwu, 
I860, which is No. 2 with alterations. Through 
these various forms this hymn is in extensive 
use. fJ. J,] 

Saviour, Source of every bleHBing. 
[Jemt the Source «j all Good.] This hymn 
appeared in the American Prayer Bk. Coll., 
lS2t>, in 4 st, of i I., and has bwn repeated in 
several collections, including the Protestant 
Episcopal Hymnal, 1871. It is & part of the 
well-known " Coma, Thou Fount of every 
blessing," p, JM, !., rewritten for the Prayer 
Bk. <M. of 182B. [J. J.] 

Setriour, to Th*e we hxtmbly cry. 
C. Wesley, \Ivterccszieii.] 1st pub. with 
five others in ]745, s.t the end of a tract, en- 
titled, A Short View of (fie Differences bet item 



SAVIOUR, WE SEEK 

the Moravian Breihr&i lately in England, and 
(to Rtt. Mr. John and Ckarlet Tfesfiy, in 6 St. 
of 6 L, and again in Jfymiri it Saered Poena, 
1749, vol. iL, No. 72. Id 1780 it was included 
111 thrj Wia. if. J?lf., No. 449, and retained in 
late* editions. It is also found in other col- 
lections. It is oil record that the special 
members of the Moravians against -whom 
Wesley wrote, taught that if a person pro- 
fessed faith in Citriet, them was no necessity 
that he should manifest any Borrow on account 
of etna j**t or present, but for him there was 
simply the acknowledgment that he was a 
" happy ainner," a doctrine which could have 
hut one logical outcome. Hence the satire of 
it iii. :— 

11 In vttn, till Than 11k bowit tiestow, 
Ttat doable power of quickening grue, 

And suite the luppT tinners know 
Tbe tempter wftiihiB angel bee, 

Who letds them captive at his will, 

Cipltye— but nippy oinaera mil." 

Otig. text, i*. Wlwfta, 186*8-72, vol. v. pp. 
244-5. [J. JJ 

Saviour, we Beet Thy high abode. 
I. Wattt and &. Samtmt. \jAfe a PilgTiwge.] 
The original of this hymn in L Wftttfl'B " Lord, 
what a wretched Jand la this" (j. we, l.), the 
rewritten km being by G. Efiwaoa, who re- 
wrote it for the Bap. JP». & Ifye., 185$, No, 573. 
It has pawed into other collections in G. 
Britain and America, [J. J,] 

Saviour, when in dust to Thee. Str 
B- Grant. [Lent,'} 1st printed in the Chris- 
tian Ottettw, 1815, p. 785, in * st. of 8 1., and 
entitled " litany." In 1835 it was included 
in Elliott's Ft, A Ss§., No. IDS, with a pro- 
teat in the Preface against its mutilation, as 
found in tome collections then in circulation, 
and the declaration that the text in that 
collection was pure. This protest was pro* 
bahly levelled at T. Cotterill, who gave 4 St., 
very much altered, as "By Thy birth and 
early years," in his Sel. in 1&19. The only 
change in Elliott's Ft. & Sty. from the Giris- 
Mdn Gbterver, 1815, 'was in at. iii. L 5., where 
"anjrulsh'd sigh" woe altered to "troubled 
sigh?' Grant's hymns were republished by- 
Lord Glebelg in 1836 aa Soared Poem. This 
hymn is at p. 6. This text differ* from the 
preceding, but is claimed by lord Qlsnelg to 
be " a more correct and authentic version." 
( JVe/ftM-) It is this text which is reprinted in 
Lwd eelhonuy* Bh. of Praite, 1 892 ; and in the 
Lyra Brit., 1867, as the original. In addition 
to its use in the ChritHtm Qbstrs&r, Elliott's 
Fl- Si fljrt., and the Sacred Poena, forms of 
the text, it is also in many hymnals, as : — 

1, »T Tbyoiith «ui twlf r**n. la Ctturill's &/., 
1919. Hid others m fttxm, 

S. E» Diy liitta, and by Itj- ten*. In SSrerit 
hyrnn-Dooka, 

S. ""fatter, w&ea in dut to fluti in * &w American 
allectloni. 

4, Jew*, wfctn in rarer to Tt*». In Skinner*! 
JJflils *rn« ^Btnitv IBM. 

In addition to its very extensive use in these 
varying forms, it has also been tr. into several 
languages. That in Latin, by U. Bingham, 
in Ma Hgmno. Christ. Lat, 187], begins 
" Qoando genua flectuntee." [J. J.] 

Bairiolir, Who Malted high. JJp, li. 
Mttnt. [SB- jamtto-ndfivle, or/jm^.] Appeared 
in bU JJoIydaj/t of the CkrtTCk ; Or Scripture 



SAXBY, JANE E. 



097 



Jfomri/™* of Our tflened Lord 1 * Life and 
AfiWcfry, Ac., 1828, vol. i- p. Sid, in 10 St. of 
irregular lines, and appropriated to SS, Jmncs 
and Jude, The original text is not in C. U. 
From it, however, the following centos have 
beon compiled : — 

t. SuTiour, Who «irJl*d hift, In \ta 18« ^hjsjJ. to 
tbe ft, if i(Jf*,. 4*,. ItedfHtC this «nlu Ja taLan nuni 
it, i>. it., vil. iBd s. It Is it* in oUwr trJieriloM. 

1. Ban of JTu, to TIm m ny. Tbta cento In & bc 
ot G I., tnglimlnfi with tne flru 1. of st. fli., wu glvtm In 
the Cooie ud Denton fljm?iill, IKU ; uid li *Jto tu 
sereral liter oolltalaij. 

1. Bon of God, en Tl«* I try* Tbb (*nt*, bttttonlng 
whh el. il., tffMted in the 1943 jtjJjwKfd tg Hie 
a P. fl. K. J*. ■£ J^fi, Su, 90. in * «t- of 9 1, TalJt 
with Itmnciplitm at the cpenlng line, lathm tlieOcQke 
And DoaUin Jfrmull with jl Rtarn. ip B^v^jsd lj]Bt|tnc^ 
M tht ariginJ tErt. n b rejKitfd In the S, F, CV K. 
CfitirA jSJrwm, 1871, it •' Sam of W»n. to 3tee I err," 

*. Jottu Ohnit wlteA liifh. Tali, in T. D&rllnE , B 
BjrtJlJU, ie., 18ST, la In * ot, of li I. In |be eailltr 
(dklans of D*rllng> ifyuiTU, tr., it peewi " Jesoa, ddw 
txtJUd high." 

The popular form of this hymn is tho third 
cento as ubove. [J. J.J 

Saviour, Who ready art to hear, C- 
Wnleu. [The Itivine Pretence desired.] Ap- 
peared in ^Tya- and Suo, Poem, 174(1, in 6 st. 
of 4 1, and tended "On a Journey." (P. 
Work*, 1S6&-72, toI. i. p. 3WJ With slight 
alterations, and the omission of st. i„ it was 
given in the We*. S. Bfc., 1780, as No, 305, 
and has passed into numerous collections as 
" Talk wilh us, Lord, Thyself reveal," sad in 
some as " Speak with us, Lord, Thyself re- 
veal," The stanza which has 1 Attained to 11m 
greatest repute is: — 

" With Tliee converting, I furgol 

All time, mil toil, and iate; 
Ltbonr is rest and p*1n Ib tvttt, 

II Tbou, my God. «n taert." 

Fosfiihly tho ideas embodied in these Hues 
had their brtgin in Milton's Par. Lutt, hk. iy ., 
U. 039, 640 r^ 

" With lot* convarainf 1 1 ftirrjet atl time, 
All HtKHis tod tieli ctiangc { til pluae ulikt" 

The hymn f ns a whole, is vsry popnlar with 
the various Methodist bodies. See G. J. 
Stevenson's Mefk IL 3k, Jfstot, 18881 [J. J.j 

Baxhy, JaneEuphemia, n«5e Browne, 
daughter of 'William Browne of Tallantiro 
Hall, Cumterirmd, and sister of Lady Teign- 
mouth, vu b. Jan. 27, 1811, and married, in 
1863, to the Rev. S. H. Saxby, Vicnr of ijnat 
CloTe^oti, Someiaetshiro. Her work, The Vote 
o» the Crotr, If as pub. In 1H9. It has pa«eed 
into numerous editions, and from it several 
nymna have come into C IT. This was fol- 
lowed by The Voice of a* Bird, in 1875 : and 
Atmt Ejfie't Gift to the Nursery, 1876. Sotne- 
timea Jura. Saxby's Dove on the Oroti ia dated 
1&19, but in error. The compilation known 
as ify*. and Thoughltfor the Sick and Lonely, 
by a Lady, Lond., J^ Nishet & Co., 1843, 
although it con tains several of her hymns in 
an altered form, ia ascribed to her in error. 
Mrs. gaxby's hymns in C V include: 
1. Fitiir, into Thy loTinf bttuls, lttti^«ati<m, 
s. O Jeeo* OlniW, tUt loly Ons- Jtotx uxmibhiIoii, 

3. O Holy GhMt, tie Qomforttr. Tt'Jtf tnnttide. 

4. Shew we tho woj, O l^mi. G luoSanoe oVfind. 

o. Tbooi «rt with m*, O my Fither. r?od «*rjiahtft 

5. Tbon And at lovt, tetnitli Thy slitltering ulsgs. 

Of these hymna, Koa, 1, 3, 4, and 6, appeared 
in her Dove en the Crott, 1643. No. 2 appeared 



008 SAY, GBOWS TUB RUSH 

in the English Presbyterian P*. & Syi. for 
Diviiw Worihip, 1807, No. 340, in 5 st. of 4 1. 
It was supplied to Dr. W. p. Stevenson in us, 
in 6 st. for bis Hys. for the Church and Home, 
1873. The additional stanza {the 4th) given 
in his Notes is :— 

"Jle Thoo hist placed lieynoi] ror reach 

Thy richest mema of grace, 
Tenth me wltbout tbem, Saviour, teach 

My Buiil to mm Thy tot." 

Tlie point and meaning of tbis stanza is 
explained by tho fact that this hymn " was 
written fur one who by illness was prevcuted 
joining in tlte Conraiunion." The hymn was 
included in 2'A« Votes of tiie liird, 1(375. 
Mrs. SasWs hvinns are very plaintive and 
tender. This is explained by Lcr Urns : — 
" I wrote most of my published hynms during 
a very long und diatreEsiu^' illness, which 
lusted many yeara, I thought probably that 
I was tlicn in thij 'Border Land,' and wrote 
accordingly," I). Mar. 2j, 1S98. [J. J.] 

Bay t DDwi the rush, 'without the 
mire. {Fate of the Wished. Jolm Hi. 11-22.] 
Although sometimes attributed to WatU, to 
tbc present this iiyinn lias nut been tiaced to 
bia works, and the earliest date at which it id 
found in in the Dm Ft Scottiuli 'I'rimslutious and 
Faraphratee of 1745, No. uiv,.' Therein it is 
j»iv<m an a PnraphKisu of Job viii. 11-22, in 
7 ni. of 4 1. Copius of this liraft being viTy 
miv, wo subjoin the text : — 
l. 
" Say. grown tbe Bush without (lie Hire ,' 
tlte ri«(! without til? Strtum ? 
Gtseit and uiKUt, II (juitlily Units; 
tlic Witikdl'H Fate » tilt eauic 
s. 
" UJi#l>t In Ills llvpe, tint off mill broke: 
ur it entire il rite, 
Yet. pa the Spider'a ^Veb, when try'd, 
ItyLcLdeth. hraik* Ami flics. 
3, 
< L Fist on uiej liiiuve ha leva, hia lteuiie 
atul all ltd Piapa decay ; 
He tiolila it fast, but faster, atill 
the ttrtt'Ting Frame ^lvcs way, 
4. 
'* TLio' i:i Liu Garden to tlte Sun 
hi* l3ou|{faii with vardnre amfk ; 
And, to tbc Center struck, Iild. ltwrtd 
un&hakan atan d it wMIe : 
A. 
" Yet, wtieu from IteaVn hlu &ntpntG Hies, 
Lio'flbiirriiiil li'urii bia I'tuuc: 
It then ueniea nliti U>t Ita 1*>x*i t 
lior dvdh It hncw his Fa£e. 
6. 
" Lo, tits tlie Joy oE wicked Men, 
n-hfl Hcrn'mi Jitui Laws deapitse ; 
They quickly fall, and in their morn 
ut (iuicltly oUure rise. 
7. 
" Kttt God bis Fuw"r will for Uie Juet 
wltb ttudcr Cam emp^>y : 
He'll fill tbcic lUontlis witti SwifiK t-f fraise, 
Hid Bll Itdr Hurts with Joy.'' 

The rocaut of thin Iiyinn, beginning: — 

■' Tut mail miy rise nbere «»ttru Hoiv, 

and flags beside tio Etream j " 

ivhicb wuBpulj. in the authorised TVflflS. (Sini 
Yvrupliii. or 1781, No. vi,, in 7 et. of 4 1., is 
claimed for W. Cimaniii (p. 500, tl by liiu 
eldest duugbber, in Lor liut of authors and 
ICViBOTS, [J. J,] 

Say, why should MendBhip grieve 
fur those P [ZJeafA attd Burial,"} I'liinhjinu 
appealed in tlie EvcmtftJi^l Magazine- in 1820, 
in 6 (t of 4 1. , headed "On seeing a luournin g 



SCANDllf AVIAN HYMNODY 

nag ioacribed -witli the words ' Not lost, bat 
Rono bofore,' " und is ai°ned " B. 0.," the 
signature, it IS aid, of Utitjamin Clark. In 
ilio enlarged ed. of Pg. & Mys., lSGi, by 
Morrell and How it icas «iv«n in a ie-writteu 
form in 4 et. of 4 1. as " Why mourn the dead 
With hopeless tiara?" This in a slightly 
different form waa iu Kennedy, 18GJ. The 
1S20 text in in P. Maiir«it'a Choral U. Sk., 
18C1. [J. J.] 

Scaled, Thomas, was b. at Leeds, Dee. Iff, 
1788, and educated at the Moravian (School at 
Fulncck, and at the Leeds Grammar School. 
He received bisi training for the Congregational 
ministry at Hoxton College, -where he entered 
in 1S0C, and of which he was for a short time 
Classical Tutot. Ho wns successively Congre- 
gjvlional minister at Wolverhampton (1810) 
and Leeds (1S19J. HerematiKsliit Leeds tiiirty 
yearn, and was then appointed (1S49) Seoreiary 
of tbe Northern Congregational Ssboul at 
Silcoata. He aftorwardn became the Secretary 
of the ^llulrao Charity," Hu d. at Clcok- 
heaton, Jane 2i, lStiO. (MiU(ir*s Sitigort mid 
Sotinit itj the Church, 1669, p. 898.) Mr. Scales 
is fcnowu as a contributor to, apd out! of the 
Kditnrs of, A $d. u{ Hyt. for (he Vnt) of (Jte 
I'rtita&taat Hi&entiug Conr/regatitttf of the 
Independent Order, in Leeds, 1822, known us 
tbeiesrfg II. lik, 1922. [Soo Congmgtiiiuial 
Hywuuxij-, p. zs», i.] His liyruu on Mimioas, 
" Aniazing wag the gtaoe," contributed thereto, 
if) stiU in & U. [J, J,J 

rjesrucltoavian Hycrmody. Up to th* 
period of tbo Bofoimation tlie churches of 
Denmark, Itorway, Sweden, and feel and, like 
the rest of the churches of Europe, -were far- 
uisiied -with Latin hyinufj only. Of theao 
(many of them jteculkr to SwedetO a ooilec- 
tiuu litis been published by G-. E. Klemming 
liiitkir the titlfiLatimlca Stinger /{trdam liiivdadu 
i & r KHi&a Heritor, Ktosttr, ocft Skoior, 4 volsi. 
(Stoekholm, lSl*a-7j. The Reformation gave 
tliroughout tiio North, as olbewherc, the aigtial 
for the production of tho vemneular iiyaiu. 
There, as sbicwhere, the Church's Deborah, 
when she repeated and obeyed the cry 
<4 awake," also began to "utter a. song."* It 
may not bo amiss to preface the history of 
that j»njr with a ohort sketch of the events, of 
her awakening. 

L The Beftmnation. — I. Tlie rlissolution of 
tho union Of Calmar, which from 1397 to 1523 
litikud togbtlier Sn-edon, Norway, Duumark, 
and Iceland under one monarch, placed <Jtifl- 
tavus Vflsa. on the throne of HSiseden. He at 
once declared for Uie Itoformod dootrines, as 
preached hy Luther and Melanchthon, Witli 
tho lielp of Laurence Petersen, the Arch- 
bishop of Upsala, and Lawrence Andersen, 
the Chancellor, he ultimately persuaded tho 
majority of his people, in sprle of the sturdy 
opposition of Bishop Brask of LLokopiog, to 
accept a reformation on Lutheran lines. His 
son and successor J5rik xiv„ a -weak and un- 
fortunato monarch, adopted the gloomier views 
of Calvin; and his deposition in 1569, and 
the death of Archbishop Petersen in 1578, 
Tendered it easy for King John ill. (second sou 
of Oustavus) to arrange a reactionary move- 
ment, in which he was aided by another Law- 
rence Petersen (Latirentius Petri GothnaX 



SCANDINAVIAN HYMNODY 



SCANDINAVIAN HYMNODY 999 



who followed the first Lawrence at Ups&la. 
The reaction was short-lived, and the Lutlieran 
reformation -was Anally established in Sweden 
nt the synod of Up&ala, held in IMS, during 
the itiign of Sigismund (son of John), but 
under the auspices of Charles Duke of Soder- 
manland, the third eon of Gust&vtui, after- 
wards king wider the title of Charles rx. At 
this synod the CW/ewwn of Aagtbarg tnu 
formally adopted by the Church of fiweden. 

2. In DeBmaTl; also, under Frcderik l, the 
Lutheran reformation was adopted, after eon- 
slderable opposition ; and Christiem iil, son 
of Frederik, completed tho task his father 
had begun. Not beiiijj aide to persuade the 
Danish prelates to officiate at bis consecration, 
or not wishing to avail himself of their sen> 
vices, he was crowned, with a ceremonial 
adapted from tho Roman FoutificsJ, by John 
Bngenh&geu, a preacher from Wittenberg. 
Uugsnlujgen was certainly not a bishop, and 
there is considerable doubt whether ho hud 
oven received priest's orders: ho took upon 
himself, however— as Wesley did more than 
two centuries after — to perform the office of 
episcopal consecration (1537), and set apart 
bishops or " superintendents " to rill tho an- 
cient sees. A Diet at Odense, in l&Sfl, finally 
bound Denmark to the principles and practice 
of the Reformed, or, mere correctly speaking, 
Protectant followers of Luther. 

S. Tho year 1687 witnessed the final 
union of Nortctty ■with Denmark, begun in 
152k* The Norwegians had shown no great 
readiness to accept die Reformation as offered 
theni by King Frederik. Cbristieru, however, 
took summary measures. The Archbishop of 
Trondhjeni and his followois m&do some re- 
sistance, hut the kins; carried his point, and 
LuthenmisiB m established in Norway as it 
hod been in Denmark. 

4. In laeland the work was carried on by 
Hhinrsen, who in 1540 was elevated, at the 
age of 25, to the ofllco of bishop, or superin- 
tendent, of SkalholL Jon Aresen, Bishop of 
Holar (or Holum), headed the opposition, and 
endeavoured to excite » rebellion, but was 
arrested and pnt to death In 1650. 

IL Uyurn-writert ami Ilymns,— iSw^SB- — 
The first hyinn-writers of reformed StvaUa 
were tho two renowned brothers, coadjutors of 
Gustanu iu the work of reformation, Ohtf and 
Lawrence (or Lars) Peterson, better known by 
tho Latinized names of Olaus and Ijiurentius 
retri. 

1, Olnf I'ettnm was h in 1497. He was 
early predisposed in favour of the Reformed 
doctrines, and In 1517, instead of resorting to 
tho Swedish university of Upsule, preferred to 
study at Wittenberg, whore he heard Melauch- 
tbon and Luther, Retaining in 1S20, full 
of reforming seal, ho received holy orders, and 
in 1524 was made rector of the church of S. 
Nicholas in Stockholm, In 1540 ho was con- 
victed of a guilty knowledge of a conspiracy 
against King Gnst&vus, and condemned to 
death. Ho was purdoned, though the king 
never forgave him i aud In 1513 ho wets ap- 



• The two Iclugdorae tcot* nenly (utilised In ihU, 
*ueu 'Ntirivdj' vm token from iJernwirlc, and united 
wiUi Si'Citai, Dcuaiulc retaining ImIuihI. '11:1s arrange- 
vmut, still eubeJete. 



pointed to another cure la Stockholm. He 
died in I&S2. 

2. Laurence Petersen Was b. in 1499, and 
studied at Upeala, wher* be became profesaoi 
io. or about 1521. He was a man of more 
gentleness and discretion than his Impetuous 
brother Olaf ; and this, combined with his high 
reputation for theological learning, and his 
known inclination towards a quiet and con- 
servative reformation, induced the clergy to 
elect him, and the king to appoint him, in 
1531, Archbishop of TJpsala, and Ppjn&to of 
Sweden. It Is not onr business to cuter into 
tho vexed question of his consecration. That 
he toot a journey to Rome on his Appointment 
seems tolerably clear; bnt the registers of 
the period have unhappily been burnt; and 
whether he really received the laying on of 
hands there, or, like Bugeuhagen, laid bauds 
on others without having received the etim- 
mktiion himself, is still a matter of doubt. Ho 
is certainly the father of Swedish hyinnology. 
Besides his original compositions he made 
many translations from Latin and German; 
Mid his hymns have been largely borrowed in 
Denmark, The similarity of tho two lan- 
guages, Danish and Swedish, especially ia 
their older forms, renders transference) from 
the one to the other p&rticulivrly easy. The 
Archbishop d., universally beloved and re- 
gretted, in 1573. 

3. The two Andersem, Lawrence AtcMmmu 
of VpntUt, and Peter JJfoftop of Wetttr&t, 
seconded 1 hePetersons in their poetical work as 
■well as in thoir reforming measures. The title 
of their hymn-book, published in l&tMj, was : — ■ 

Smtnilie nmgof tiler visor n» pi nyd yre/iladt, 
fdroltiiAAf och iindcr rin pnnan aUisk «n tityprcimti 
tbafte. ("Swedish Songs or HymnB, inn nenlyprlnted, 
enlnrecd. Kid published ia a (lUfcren! form ftiwn tia 
pre«il(n(f ona.'l 

The first of tho two, inwrence or Lars (Lau- 
rentius Andres), wna b. at StrcuguUs in 1180, 
IIu became in 1523 Chancellor of the Diocese 
of Upsala, and shortly afterwards Chancellor, 
or Chief Secretary, to King GusIavus. It -was 
onlns; in a great measure to his influence that 
I ho Diet of Die kingdom adopted tho Reformed 
doctrines in 1527. In 15&6 he brought out, witb 
the help of Qlaf Petersen, a Swedish version of 
the New Testament, based mainly upon Lu- 
ther's German translation, and io 1541 a ver- 
sion of the whole Bible. He wna accused iu 
1540 of coroplklty lu the plot Iu which Olaf 
Petersen was involved ; and, like hitu, was con- 
demned to death, but pardoned. He retired 
to Strengnas, where ho d- in 1552. Peter 
jliulenscfi, nicknamed Swart (Pctrus Andrcce 
Siger), -wns b. about the end of the 15th 
sank lie became court ebaplali) to Kins; 
GusIavus in 1549, Bishop of Westot&s in 1554, 
and d. in 15C2, leaving buldnd him the xeputo- 
ti OH of ii ti able and 1 ngJi -principled man. We 
may note nleo tliat the ill-fated king Erik (h. 
1593, d. by poison 1577) has also left a couple 
of hymns, ooth of which scorn to echo his un- 
happy state of mind. One is a paraphrases of 
tho 61 at Psalm: — 
Uelcbgi if silt Sinus 1 (Doirull willt ill uiy mind 

mijigmin SJUiuCJ. | tDUrtlmy Hnil'sdltilKse.) 

the other is not much unlike it : — 

OOuilJivcra staJljig kijgu (0 God, how slisll I kdltnt 
den Sirg jig mjstc dngo, the ioitow I muri Dear 
si inn acta qyrulefull i [ 6u poor ilri «ln tut !J 



1000 SOANDJHAVIAN HYMNODY 

Erik's iii however, not the only royal name 
that appear* in tie Swedish hymnary. TLe 
great Qvstama Adolpkta (b. 1584, d. 1632), a. 
of Charles ix., is the author of the <■ Battle 
Hymn," his " swan-song,'' as It mis called, 
written just before, and published shortly after, 
his death at LUtxen, in 1632 (see pp. Si, li, ; 
is, i.). It begins thns ; — 
OTtrflna t), da lillt Hop, F«it not, little ifoop, 

tastFlsndemwLumHh tbou|n tht bit' shoot 
BAp tad cry 

IrSa all* Hdor akallt- ittadmls from every »l4s. 

4. The succession of hynm-writere, begun 
by Archbishop Petersen, was kept up in 
Sweden during the succeeding century. Ola/ 
Martintm (b» 1577, Appointed Archbishop 
of Upsala m 1001, d. 1809) heads the list. 
He was tallowed by Jonas Peterte* (b. 1587, 
d. 164*), Bishop of LlnkSping la 1G37; 
Count Liadtlgllld (1BM-IW0}, ftdjutiagltuihed 
professor in the university of Upsala, and 
chancellor of Uiat of Lund, which mi founded 
In 1668; Count de la Qardia (1622-1686), 
Swedish Ambassador at the French court, to 
whom the University of Upsala owes the 
priceless Codex Argenteus of the Gothic 
gospels; to whom we may odd Ptt*r Jfrrafc 
(d. 1690), son of a rector of St. Clara's iu 
Stockholm, and a collateral descendant of the 
Bishop Biask who was so stont an antagonist 
of Gustavus Vnga, 

A. In the 18th cent, we find the hytnnary 
enriched by a third Archbishop of Upsala, 
Dr. JKaquia Spegd (1615-1714)^ He was a 
great traveller, having visited Denmark, Ger- 
many, Holland, and England; and was bishop 
of Skara. and afterward* of Llnkoping, before 
he was eiei-ated to the Primacy. Jacob Arr- 
htnittt (d. 1725), secretary of and professor in 
the University of Upsala, was another sacred 
poet; so was the renowned Otof Budbeeh 
(1660-1710), professor of botany nt Upeula. 
A y«t more eminent name is that of Jasper 
Suxdberq. He was b. at Fahlun, in 1658, 
nnd stndtnd at Upsala. After travelling, like 
SpegeL and serving as pastor of a parish, he 
was appointed {1692) professor of dmoity at 
Upsala, and in 1702 became bishop of Skkra, 
a post he held for 33 years. His name is 
especially interesting to us as being one of 
the earliest on the list of onr Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel. Later on we find 
S, It, {JtiMonn, professor of pastoral theology 
at Upsala, in 1806 ; S. J. Bedborn (17S3-1813), 
pastor of Askeryd* J. is«rifm (1767-184*), 
pastor of Tana; and a lady, Fnt Lenxgr&i, 
wife of the Secretary of the Board of Trade 
(1751-1817), whose hymn begins with the sad 
words: — 

Satit fja&a ik*]i dM QJ* $oo± uttt deuh el«* the 
sluu 

not llttge Sorg*ns Tlnr 



thtt long Sued WITH e[ 

ajnow. 

C The list and greatest name in the 
Swedish hymnody, however, is that of Johon 
OW WoMn, He was h, at Stora Tuna, in 
1776, and early displayed his poetical powers. 
In 1S05, and again in 1809, ho gained the 
chief prise for poetry at Upsala, In the latter 
year he became pastor at Solna; here his 
ability as a preacher was so striking that he 
was transferred to Stockholm, in 1816, as 
" pastor primarius," a title for which we hare 



SCANDINAVIAN HYMNGDT 

no exact equivalent. In 1818 lie was made 
Dean of Wester&s, and set about the task of 
editing a revised hymn-book for the whole of 
Sweden. This task he completed in 1819, 
and pub. it us. Den Stusntka Fsatoi&c*™, of 
Komist/en gfflod ock Uadfhtad (» The Swedish 
hymn-book, approved and confirmed by the 
King "). To it he contributed some ISO hymns 
of his own, besides translations and recasting : 
and the book remahti now in the form in which 
he brought it out. It is highly prized by the 
Swedes, and Is in use everywhere. Those 
who desire to know more of Swedish hymno- 
logji and can read Swedish, will find a full 
and exhaustive review of the book, with a 
history of and critique en every hymn in it, 
iu X W. Beeknuran's FfttSk tU Swnult Pwlnt- 
hiitoria (Stockholm, 18**). 

il. 1. The earliest nymnary of TMnmatkand 
Norway, and perhaps the earliest complete one 
of the whole North, was brought out at Vauno 
in 1$28, by Clm* MartttttSa T&uUMn&r 
(1500-1576% who deserves tlio name not only 
of tlie first evangelical preacher in Mnln», 
bat also of the leather of Danish hymnology. 
The book contained a number of translations 
from the original Latin, from German (Lu- 
ther's), and from Swedish (Peteratn's), as well 
as some originals. Hartenson subsequently 
recast it, with the aid of his friends Arvid 
Petersen and Hans Spettdemager ; and the 
book was printed and published at Rostock, 
by L. Diets, in 1529; just 10 years before 
that diet of Odense at which Denmnrk (as 
has ueen said before) accepted the principles 
of the Reformation, The nook contains a set 
of prayers, psalms, hymns, and canticles, and 
is entitled, 

Em fty B&niibop, Bid Pjalntif tc aattdiligc Lof- 
anj)r, todrasrus aff Ura irfjipe Schrifft, Htm (tw y Din 
CirUmt fbrixmtinfi I Omi titt Lqf or, JBtiniliert (£11 
SMghti} ti-uiyzt (" A new lMind-boot, whli psiline Hid 
qilrltiuU «ragi o/ praise, derli«d from Holj Wrtl, vaieit 
SAW Sin AabE ia Uu Airbtuui idcmljilf tu 04d'a fnimc 
ind nua's WfrnUmn ")." 

This book was reproduced, with some ohangos 
and additions, by Hans Jansen, Bishop of 
Kibe, in 1544, and in 154$ by Hans Thomiawk], 
rector of VorFme<OnrIiady) in Copenhagen. 
2. This book, or rather these hooks, con- 
tinued to be the hymnary of the Danish and 
Norwegian Lutherans for more than a century. 
The poet who had the honour of beginning to 
re-edit it was Them** Kittgo. He -was b. at 
Slangerup in lfiSl, and, after completing bis 
theological studies, became in 1668 pastor of 
his native place. Hero he brought out, in 
1674, Mb Aasdelias Sju-nge-ehar (" Spiritual 
Choral-son^ n ). Tlie book attracted attention : 
and in 1677 its author, who had published 
meanwhile other poetical effusions, was made 
Bislaop of Fyen (Funen). In 1683 be was 
desired to prepare a new hymn-book, to be 
authorized for Denmark and Norway. The 
first patt of it appeared in 1689, as DanmCrht 
oj Noraet l&rlttn forordnsd* Salmeboy (" The 
authoriEed Hymn-book of tho Churches of 
Denmark and Norway "}, nnd was received 
with a storm of disapprobatioD. There were 
many who admired the work, but an almost 
e^ual number exclaimed against it. There 



► tt lj« tocn i«publlib«J by C W. Erunn la ist col* 
lection of Dinlab a^nn-aiiti (IBte), put r. 



BOAHDItfAVIAlt HYMNODlt 

were, they_ Hid, too mu; of Ms own com- 
positions in it; the hymns were too high 
flown, above the heads of the common people. 
The criticism wag unfairly severe. No doubt 
Knoe of Bingo's hymns us oold ; and some, 
perhaps, evince what the Pietists of the next 
century professed to find in them, a little ten- 
dency to what they nailed Bationalism, and w» 
might term undue breadth. But a rationaliser 
eonM aaaraely merit the name given to Kingo, 
the poet of Easter-tide. 

S, In 1680 a committee was appointed to 
supersede King*, and finish the hymn-book. 
They worked on Hinge's lines, and pat in 
many of hie compositions, and the book finally 
appeared in 1699 as!— 

Den fBrvr&u&t ny Uriit-Piaimt-Beg, tfUr Awu 
le^itjK Jbwttott elUmceAigiu ttfalnvtj <if dt 

tmtmitt Gtntiijt i gjibeitkufn til ewU Tjeuatepma 
StniOffMt JUtttrm, JfeirfcfcipAK eg tit amen fttaHip 
Prrf i kirfitn wfe Aufnorfc m Atorjw o/ punk 
wwertyt £»we ordentMs' mtrtUet ag jUttrUatTi ig- 
j t MKmmt eg mt& mcmst ny PMwur forbcfrtt, vp 
Uigtmaaitr (rter A'ofljM-ijK t^ilmiv Iff fryMait k- 
fordrtt afTkirmat Hinge, Bilkep vdi fjmi £t\/l. 

(" Thfl nrtboriml new Cborcn hymn-took, niUbly 
•dutri ftom old iplrftii*1 sdihb uid cinfdlly fflvitea, 
«nd nvlcbed with puny new by mm, mcmtBdj to hit 
. Ibtfeflty'g moat grftdovfl commuMj, by too primtpjj 
clergy Iq GopaDb*gen h ftr tbe icnkfi of aadcnEiuidBjst 
ft*ttr»h, cnyer-dtys. rod tar other godly hsb fa the 
Cfaanh 3ii DezinuiTE. sod Jtorwiy, and in lika numoer 
ucordiDE to Um tojaI comnuDd prepared for tbo ptw 
by Tbomkfl Kingo, Birfiop In the Litaee&e of Fnneo.") 

Kingo felt keenly the slight put upon him. 
He survived it, however, some 12 years or 
more, dying in 1703. Whatever may be Bald 
of him as s hymn-writer and compiler, there 
is no doubt he was a true poet, and superior 
to alt who preceded him. 

4. His book, or rather the book of 1(19$, 
Continued in use throughout Denmark; Dot, 
however, without attempts being mode to in- 
form it The first effort was made by iJatu 
jidoy Browon. Be was b. Id 1B94, at Ban- 
drup, where liii father was pastor. He enteral 
the University of Copenhagen in 1712. Alter 
finishing his theological course he first acted 
as his father 1 a assistant, and then {1729') as 
preacher at Tender in filcsvig. Here he began 
to display his powers and tastes by publishing 
a collection of religious poems entitled Troent 
tart Kletwdii, 1739 (" The Faith's rare Jewel."} 
His opinkitii were of the Pietist school, op- 
posed to the dry " orthodoxy" (so-called) of 
the day, which was said to prevail id Kinjjo's 
bymna. A few years after this he was naatie 
Dean of Bibe ; and in 1741 Hing Cbrietiern 
vl (who inclined in the Pietist direction), 
being charmed with his hymn "Op, al den 
Ting som Oud har gjort " {" Up, everything 
that God hoe made "), appointed Mm Bishop 
or Ribe, where he <L in 1764. Brorgon s 
eontrihattons to Danish hymnody are not all 
original; thK^fonrthaaretranBlationBOrpara- 
pbrasea of Qeniian Lulherun hymns. His 
Uhristmas lyrics are meet approved ; and bo 
ia callcsd par tttetttetict tbe poet of ChristinaB. 
Brorson, however, was poet rather than editor. 
The hymn-book which he projected, and to 
which he largely oontri tin ted, wee brought ont 
in 1740, undar the title Den njr Stdntebog 
«The new hymn-book '), by Erik Pmtoppida*, 
a relative of the well-known Bishop of 
Trondhjem, who d, ip 1678. Erik una b. in 
1698. became Bishop of Bergen in 17ifi, and 



BCAMDINAVIArT HTMNODY 1001 

d. in 17B4, lMving, like his renowned relative, 
a comber of works on natural history nad 
antiquities. Another effort in the direction of 
• new hymn-book was made by 0. H. Guld- 
berg, aecrctary to Prillce Frederick, who, aided 
by Bishop L. Horboc, Fr* Srigitta Boyc <b. 
1712, d. IH24), and others, produced in 1778 a 
hynm-book under the title : — 

Stlmetog, filer m SikKkj of aamit eg sy Sabner, 
tit and* jEre op £b.iw mOtfUii O&wggtUt. <"A 
bjTnn-lxwt, or i oolloctloa or old sod new hymn*, fur 
toe hononr of ChuJ, and the edlflcitton ef Hli Cb«Mh. ,, l 

5. Towards the end of the 18th centniy b 
further attempt to effect a revision of KingVs 
book was made by N. B- Balie, Bishop of 
Sesland; who wished, like Brorson, to see 
more unction and less stiffness in Danish 
niody. The book appeared in 1797 as 
Krbtdiq SaiiiCebog, til Bntg wd 
Kfrfee- og Bvt-Andtigt. (" Evangelical Chris- 
tian Hymn-book for use In Church and Home 
Worship.'') But the attempt was not «uo- 
cessfal. Dalle's hymD-book, though well- 
meant, was poor and unpoetieal. The book of 
Kingo remained in use till an impetus was 
given to the tendency to revision by the great 
reformer of Banish liymnology ana theotugy, 
the well known Pastor Grundmg, an admirer 
of Balle and of Kingo too, JWeolai Fttdtrik 
SewWn Qrwruitvig was the eon of a pastor, 
and was b. at Udby, in &eehuid, in 1783, 
Ho Btndltd in tho University Of Copen- 
hagen from 1 §00-1 805; and, like some other 
eminent men, did not greatly distinguish him- 
self ; his mind was too active and his imagi- 
nation too versatile to bear the restraint of 
the academic course. After leaving the uni- 
versity he took to teaching; first in Luig«- 
land, then (18081 in Copenhagen- Heretic 
devoted his attention to poetty, literature, and 
Northern autiqnities. In 1810 he becanw as- 
sistant to his father in a parish in Jntland. 
The sermon he preached at his ordination, on 
the subject *' Why has the Lord's word dis- 
appeared from His house," attracted much 
attention, which is rarely the ease with " pro* 
bationeiH 1 " sennOns. On his father's death, 
in 1813, he returned to Copenhagen, and for 
eight years demoted himself mainly to litera- 
ture!. The poetry, both secular and religious, 
that he produced, drew from * friend the re- 
mark that " Klngo's harp had been strung 
afresh." In 182 1 King Fr&derlk ti. appointed 
him pastor Of Pras)oe, a pariah in SeelanJ, from 
which be was the next year removed to Copen- 
hagen, und made ehaplAm of Bt, Saviour's 
ciiurch in Christianshavn. Front the time of 
his ordination he had been deeply impressed 
with Evangelic*] chuit-h sentiments, in oppo* 
sition to the fashionable Bationalism and Ere* 
tiaahnn of the d*y ; and adhered to the anti- 
rationalist teaching of Hange, whoso death at 
this time (1824) seemed to be a call toGrundt- 
vlg to lift np his voice. An opportunity soon 
presented itself r Profrsaor Clausen brought 
out a book entitled Kat&olusitmen* og Frotes- 
tan!f»m«THj For/ahi»7Mj, Lore, og Eitu* (" The 
condition, teaching, and litual of Cathohcisui 
and FrotestajitLsm "), This book waa replete 
with the Erostian Rationalism wliioh Was so 
especially distasteful to (Jrundtvig, who forth- 
with, in his Kirhe lis Gjenmxis (" Tho Ciiureh's 
Keply," 1E25), strongly opposed its teaching, 



1002 SCANDINAVIAN HYMNODY 

and laid down truer principles of Christian 
belief, and Bounder views of the nature of the 
Church. This caused a sensation ; Giundtvig 
(who had not spared bis opponent) was fined 
ICO rlx.-doU&rt, and the songs and hyiuve 
which he liad written, for the coming celebra- 
tion of the tenth centenary of Nortliern Chris- 
tianity -were forbidden to be used. On this be 
resigned his post at Bt, Saviour's, or rather 
■was forced to quit it by a sentence of Suspen- 
sion which was pronounced in 1826, and under 
which he was kept for 13 years. He took the 
opportunity of visiting England in 1829, 30, 
anij 31, and consulting its libraries, mainly 
with a view to a- further insight into Northern 
antiquities, and to help his studies in the 
early English tongue. His edition of Cyue- 
wulfs beautiful poem of the Phenix from 
the Grnka Exoniemit, — tlw Anglo-Saxon (so- 
called) text, with a preface in Danish, and 
nfii Fvr<Utiwhlittg{to& rendering in Dmish), 
published in 1S10, — is a result ot this journey 
and enforced leisure, Tired of his long 
silence, his numerous friends and admirers 
proposed to erect a church for him, and. form 
themselves into an independent Congrega- 
tion, but this was not permitted. He was 
allowed, Jiowover, to hold an afternoon service 
tn the German church at Christiansluwn. 
There he prtoehed for eight years, and com- 
piled and wrote his Uymn-book, Sang-V&rli til 
den Vamke Kirka (*■ Soug-WOrk for the Danish 
Church "). Ho still worked on towards his 
object of raising the Christian body to which 
ho belonged from the condition of a mere 
slate cstablishimjnt to the dignity of a gospel- 
teach jng national church. In 1830 (the year 
of the death of King Fredorik VL, and the 
accession of his cousin ChrisLiern vm.) the 
suspension was removed, and ho was appointed 
chaplain of the hospital Yartou, a nosition 
which he held till his death. In 1803 the 
king (Fnederik vil) conferred On biui the 
honorary tills of bishop. The good old man 
died suddenly, in his 90th year, on Sept. 2, 
1S72, having officiated the day before As 
Kitigo is the poet of Easter, and Brorson of 
Christinas, so Urundtvlg is spoken of as the 
poet of WJiitsttutido, 

C With Gruudtvig we Cannot but join the 
prose writer and poet Bemltard Seem-in higs- 
mtmi. Ho was b,, !« tells us in his Ijemwtt- 
ftojf (an autobiography of his first seventeen 
yciirs), at the parsonage of Torkildskrup in 
Fulslur, in 1789, the youngest of five sons. 
The death of hu father in 1800 compelled the 
family to leave the parsonage ibr Slagclse, 
-where he was sent to school. This lie left In 
lt;0£ to euter at Copenhagen. A second auto- 
biography, TilbagebWc paa tail Liv og tain 
FotfatUr-l'erMe Jm 1S11-18S7 ("A rotto- 
speot of my life and my time of authorship 
from 1811 to I8ST"), gins us an nccontit of 
twenty-flvo years mere. It was intended 
as n preface to an edition of his works which 
was soon forthcoming. It describes a quiet 
gentle life of continued Literary occupation, 
begun by an Interesting tour in 1818-19 
through France, Germany, Switzerland and 
Italy. Twenty -nvo years more passed, and 
the good man wont to his rest in 1862 by a 
Colin and painless decease, amidst the deepest 
regrets Of all who knew him. 



SCANDINAVIAN HYMNODY 

7, The impulse given by Gmndtvig could 
not be resisted. In 1&S5 a clerical synod at 
Roeakilde (the Canterbury of Denmark) drew 
up and brought out a new Saimebog, whioh 
litis been wmctioned for general use. It ap- 
peared as SolmAoysn til itirke-eg Sut-Andagt. 
(" Hy mnbaokfor Church and Homo Worship ), 
The revision was intrusted to Ingemonu. It 
is founded upon the old book of Kingo, but 
contains many new hymnsi chiefly by Brorson, 
Grundtvig, Ingemsnn, and C, IT-Boye ; and has 
already reached the dignity of an Appendix, to 
which thoseauthors contribute aboutfour-flftbs, 

iii. The JV&rw&fians have in the main fol- 
lowed the lead of Denmark in their hymns, 
stingo's book has .been the authorized hyin- 
nary, or the basis at least of those in use. But 
they have allowed themselves considerable 
freedom, and Pontoppidan's, Guldborg'o, and 
still latHr on, Hauges re visions of it have been 
used largely in Norway, To give an instance, 
one of these popular hymn-books (Christian io, 
lSit) is Kingo's.or rather G-iildboig*B, book in 
Uie main, but Use language is modernized. 
It is called, like Salle's, Mmag?lisl;-t)trilteljg 
Ptalmebog ("Evangelical Christian llymn- 
book ">, and has bound up with it, ae is the 
case with most of the Swedish and Danish 
hymn-books, tho Collects, Epistles, and Gos- 
pels, a series of prayers for various occasions, 
and the history of the Passion, as given in the 
official prayer-book, or Alter-Bog. A note on 
the title-page declares it to be " aftrykt eftei 
original -UdgavOu . . . .og udgivet eftcr Foran- 
staltning at det K.oiig¥iige Dep&rtement for 
Kirke-og Uiiderviisnings-Vrescnet " ("printed 
according to the original edition . . , .and pub- 
lished according to direction of tin; royal 
department for I he conduct of the Church and 
education "). 

2. The bunk now most generally used 
throughout Norway was authurised m lBfJU 
under the title of A/rJ^Safme-JWen (" Tho 
Church Hymn-book "), It was edited, on the 
basis of existing books, by Mayntis B. Land 
ttad, a clergyman b- in 1S02 and still surviving. 
He served in several different cures, and always 
had a deep Interest in chureh padnuxly, One 
of the rnoat popular home hymn-books la tlltit 
pub. in 1851 by JWnin Nicoltii Frantien. n 
clergy r/iiiu of Chrislionia (1808-6S), atid called 
Chnttelige Ptotlmer til JiiiiCmtUtQl Oj)t Skoh- 
brvg ("Chiistian hymns for domestic worship 
and the use of Schools "), But there is still ft. 
great desire in Norway for a general SalmcbOQ 
for Kirke og Rjem (" Hymn-book for Church 
and Home "J, 

iv. loelttntl followed, but slowly, in the 
track of Douroatk. For a long time the 
hymn-book consisted of translations of ft few 
of the earlier hymns of Martcnsoo's collec- 
tion : it was published under the name of 
Gradual^, whioh was explained to mean 
Neesii-saitngt biik (" The Mass-BOUg book "). 
The last edition of the Graduate appeared 
with the name of Bishop Magnnssen. in 1773. 
rjince tliat time the Danish books havo been 
used, in the Icelnndic language t)ne of the 
last, if not the last, of the attempts to follow 
the load of 1855-, is the hymn-book of Thor- 
derseu (Reykjavik, 1801), entitled A'jt »td- 
Irmfir ni(2 Maa avangeijikti eSlmubSk (" New 
contributions to tlie evangelical psalm-book"). 



BCUADE, JOHANN C. 

t. Coftthtiion. The hymnody of the Standi- ] 
BBVian North is decidedly subjective in ite '■ 
character, rather than objective. The earlier 
hymns, certainly, -were doctrinal and lovoca- 
tiTt, but the later are, to a great extent, ei- 
pressive of religious sentiments, hopes, and 
fears, rather than of dellmte objective faith 
and worship. That we might borrow with 
advantage from our kinsfolk it not to be 
doubted. Mr. Gt. Tail's .Hymns of Den-mark, 
(1869^ especially, suppliesa store from which to 
cull flowers for transplantation into OUT own 
41 spiritual rose-garden." The similarity of the 
Northern Lutheran ritual and Church coafiti- 
iution to ours, — the foot, in short, that so much 
th%t is Catholic has survived the Reformation 
among them,— makes religious thought in the 
North to run, to soma extent, on the same 
lines with onr own. On the other hand, they 
are thoroughly Erasiian and Lutheran. He- 
ligion is ii State deuaitm&nt, arid Luther is the 
guide rather than primitive Catholicity. Un- 
der these circiHustafLOLfl we And, unavoidably, 
a want of backbone in their Church songs uow 
and thou- But there is much affinity between 
Swedish and English devotion, 08 will be seen 
in the few translations which ere available for 
English use in Gilbert Tuit's Jft/mw of Den- 
mark, 1868, already mentioned, and his Hymns 
of BtBedenremUriA into t'ucfi»h j three render- 
lugsof Swedish hymns by Mrs. Charles, in her 
Vtrieeof CArfttfai* Life in &mg, 185& ; Baring- 
Gould's "Through the night of doubt and 
sorrow," hud a few others. The following is a 
specimen, from the Danish poet Brorson, of tho 
style of hymn which largely pTevails in the 
North;— 

"Dun. Gruud hvtirpu Jeg bygge 

Er Ohristus og Hra Dud; 
I Join Hues Etyggu 

Er Sjse-laut Hvilo swi: 
Bur lair jin futufct IJiel ; 

Sftlv at Jig hrtet vwnl ; 
Hvsd Jesus mis; lur jdvtl 

Ctjiir mig fur Gmt ism kjicr. 
<* El Annders KTttft ag £ven, 

El FyratcndSmniarB Hagt, 
El hvid una Teed at nsjvue 

AC Humlied og Fownt, 
£1 Stort og el det Rlngc, 

El Sorri* tllM- Sdvn, 
El WJAtm »*l* skal tvlujjo 

Hpg ndaT Jean Fayil I lh 

This may be rendered : — 

" I baLUI an one foundation, 

On Christ Who dial for no* ; 
Sheltered try Jerni's passion 

My k>u! a nit suall Ik; 
'Tift than the Ufa of lienven 

f\K>r worthless I cbtiin ; 
Through wlint my IjOcd Lies given 

TU^ Fatter'* love I gain. 
" N<t craft or doep Invention, 

No rdnoely power ur might. 
Nor aigtit that man c*n rueutiou 

Of Dluildtltf of despite. 
Nor vfeifc, sor stiuiig tndtavusr, 

Nor Willi's or Burrow's smart, 
Nor deatli iweir, stall sever 

My soul from Jesn's Heart," 

The plaintiveneu of a large proportion of 
tllOK TTortheru hymns is very marked, n iiilfit 
the strength of their Writers' peraoual faith is 
undeniable. The blending of tho two, as in 
the above illustration, often produces It most 
pleasing result [B. T.] 

flohade, Johann Caspar, s, of Jiikob 
Bchad or Scliade, pastor and decait at Kiilui 



SCHADE, JOHANN C. 1 005 

dorf, near Suhl, io Thuriugia, was b. at 
KUhndorf, Jan. IS, 1G6& He entered the 
Uciveraity of Leipzig in 1669 (where ho be- 
came a great friend of A. M. ifranckc), and 
then went to Wittenberg, where he graduated 
h.a. in 16S7. On his return to Leipzig he 
began to bold Bible reading^ for the students. 
This soon raised ill-will agunst him among the 
Leipsijj professors, and when, in 1690, he ivas 
hivlted to bocdme diaconns at Wurzen, near 
Leipzig, they Interfered and prevented \da 
settlement. In 1B91 ho was inritcd to becomo 
diaconns of St Nicholas's church, at Berlin 
(where P. J. Bpener liad just become probst, 
or chief pastor), and entered on his work 
there on the 2nd 8. iu Advent. Li bis later 
years he raised n etonc of feeling against him- 
self hy refusing to hear private confesaions. 
Tlw .Elector of Bmndenburg, in ordsa to end 
the strife, appointed him, iu Jimo 169ft, pnstor 
at Dorenburg^ near Hedberstadt. Meantime 
lie waiseista with a fever, which ended fatally 
at Uerlin, July S3, 1098 (Koch, iv. 222, 408 ; 
Weted, iii. p. 23, &c). 

Sc>uida una * moat Dumest ami fnUUrul yaotor *ih1 
pre&char, and F|M?cJaLy inLera^t^J hlujaclr Ml tbt Cbll- 
dran of hla floclL. Aa a JiymTi-WTltCT lJ* W** nu( pnrtl* 
culaply prDlCle. butaf laia 4E kyvaria e good DtOlhy JpaflMj 
into ton tKTman hynjn-tHGVfl of the nerU^. lllft L^ronfl 
are cIeht «nd pjioutq in atyls, are wnipweil In a con- 
aidemblt Ttrlety «E metres, mid ire fulf ot fervent lure 
to the Uird J«ju», imil or leal fur a iivlug and practkil 
Cnristtftnity ; uot tiey uv fregucntly spurn out, nr ire 
loo suljf-tlvi.'. A niimter apneared In A. Lnpjnus's 
AiHlSrhtt'i) tingeisUr Ckriiiaimuifd 1 i,\\'s.i!:\ 11M-M, 
jiiulin tba Gsiitmehti (!, D., ITaJle, Mat. They trfrt 
collected and poatbaniouely puk is fiiws'ciilwt oniii*- 
n*M, iku **< ixAtnitua jM/fl^it« fftitiiieht Liolti', it., 
Ctlslrln, h.c. tl«S9]. 

Those of Schade's hymns which have pntstd 
into English fire : — 

t, iufl Liiinf.' ni deinar TmuiJ*. Fciitfi. 1st 
pub. in the Gsistrvichss G. B., Hille, 1097, p. 
402, in Q at. of a I. ; repeated iu 1C9&, ob above, 
p. S3. H«ceatly, its Ko. 403, in the far. L. 8^ 
1851. *Th« (i'». in C. V. srei— 

1. Vpl fH upwird ta toj gludiuu Bite, sty 
hawrt. This is a good and full ft"., by Hiss Wink- 
worth, in her Lyra Her., 2nd Sen, 1858, p. 171, 
j repeated in full in Keid's I'raim BL, Wi% nnd, 
umitting it. v., iu Keimeiiij, 1863. In har Q. if, 
'for Jl?igianti, 18(33, No. 157, it is slightly altera!, 
i nnd st. hi. is enutteJ, 

t. BiiA, my soul ! with. Jojf and gUdiusi, A (>*, 
of at. i., ii., T L, by F, C- (J., aa No, 233 in Pr. 
Pngeustecher's Coll., lbU*. 

Wire tn, «s!^ 

(1) " Look ujn my soul, to Clirlrt tliy Joy," hy J, B, 
Hermes, M Mo. IS** In tbe £td^i. of ISBit to the Jforo- 
B(an ^. B>c„ IB01 [laSft, Ko. ado), rupeitad in B|j, 
Ejlp'B (til., IB60. (3} "Upwanu, upwird* tu thy 
gkidneso," by Jftff Xwirt, l!)J7, |>. ii (3) "Up I jies 
upnoul to tin' gladness, Eiscy im sunl," by W, liaid iu 
bb frtriw fit., l*T2. 

ii, Milu Etel ermuntre diefa, Ft&swmtMa. Iu 
the Geiitreictea G. St., Hslle, 1S&7, p. 215, in 
15 st. of o* I, Xep**ted iu 1G99, as above, u, &, 
entitloJ " Coutftniplation cf the Buffering of 
Christ and surrender of His will." 7 Iu the IMv. 
L. 8., 1SS1, No. 100. 3V. as, "Bouse thyaelf, 
my Soul, and dwell.*' la the SitppL to Gisr, 
Psoiniody, ed, 1705, p. 30 t and iu ^Iciect /Jys. 
/rant Sjjt. FsatnvKiif, Tmuquebnr, 1754, p. 5t. 

iii, Moine Beeie willt *i mini. This hyrnu, 
ficqueiitly bschIumI to Sehnile, is noted uudar 
SahslHar, T. r j. 1007, U. [J. M.] 



1004 



SCHAFtf, PHILIP. 



Bchaff", Philip, d.d., lt^d-, was b. at 
Chui, Switzerland, Jan. 1, 1819. He studied 
at the Universities of Tubingen, Halle, 
nod Berlin. la 1643 lie was appointed 
A Professor in the German Reformed Thco- 
logical Seminary a,t Mcicersburg, Pennsylva- 
nia,. U.S.A., and in 1670 Professor of Sacred 
Literature in the Union Seminary, Now York. 
As translator, author, and editor, Dr. Schaff 
hold* high mnk, both in Great Britain and, 
America. The various Histories and Ency- 
clopedias, which he has edited arc standard 
worts- Bui knowledge of hymnology is 
extensive*, and embraces hymns in many 
languages and of all ages, his speciality being 
German hymnody. "Hie hymuological works 
whi«h ha has edited alone, or jointly with 
others, are; — 

(l) DttttKhti Gtnnol/HfK ihwu (JO GfcWrf in sing, 

a BH»t V&lu«lt>]« wlleeUon of origin] Ifrwltah md 
American bjmps, &ni tnnehtful hjmniL, r£Y. lses, 
Londi 1870 t (3) JJ&i. Old K»ta* rf ^Prdui /or AUK 
«nd Social nbriMfi, 1874, id irhich 1m tisS urieled by 
ttwwr.il D. Hlfcbajc.lt, and Ztchify Eddy; (*) iiimf)! 
rf JhFfefenf ''"''Si l sal i of vhich A- Oilman M joint 
■dltor. 

Dr. Schaff has not composed any original 
hymns. His fr». from the Latin are merited* 
Oms, and may be found through the Insei of 
Antbui, 4t. He d. Oct. 20, 139a. [J. J.J 

Schilling, Martin, e. of Martin Schil- 
ling, sometime paster at Strasaburg (after 
1543, pastor at Weiteraweiler, near Saar- 
brilcken), was b. at Strassburg, April 21, 
1532. He matriculated, in 1550, at tiio Uni- 
versity of Wittenberg, where he became a favou- 
rite pupil of MoJanchthon, and a great friend 
of Nicolaus Selnccker (p, 10M, llA After 
taking his mji., he continued, for a short time, 
at Wittenberg as lecturer; and then became, 
id 1551, dioconus at Regensburg. The Super- 
intendent at Begen&burg, at that time, was 
HicolausGnllus, a strong partisan of Matthias 
Finch ; and as Bchalling thought it hi* duty 
to preach against Flacianism he bad fb give 
up his poet in 1558; bat soon after was 
appointed diaconus at Amberg, in Bavaria 
(Ohorpfabj). When, in 156S, after tho Elector 
Frieijrieb iil, of the Palatinate, had adopted 
Colvimstic opinions aa to order of setrice, 4c. 
all the Lutheran clergy who would not con- 
Fonn were expelled, Schilling had to leave 
Afdbetg. But as Duke Lndwig, the son of 
the Elector, continued a Lutheran, he allowed 
gcballing to minister to the Lutherans at 
Vilsecfe, near Araberg. After Ludwig became 
Regent of the Oberpfali be recalled Schilling 
to Amberg, in 157G, as court preacher and 
superintendent ; and when, after his father's 
deatti, on Oct 24, 1 S76, he become Elector of 
the Pfalst, he appointed £challing as General- 
Superintendent of the Oberpfalz, and also 
court preacher at Heidelberg. But when the 
cliTgy of the Oberpfalz were praised to tign 
the Formula of Concord, Schalling hesitated 
to subscribe, holding that it dealt too harshly 
with the followers uf Mehuichthon, For this 
action he wss banished from the court at Hei- 
delberg; and after being confined to his house 
at Amberg, from 1580 to March 1533, he was 
finally deprived of his offices. Thereafter 
he stayed for some time at Alfrdorf, but was 
appointed, 1585, paster of Bt Mary's church 
iu Niirnbcrg, where lie remained until blind- 



SCHEITLEB, J OH ANN 

ness compelled him to retire. He d. at Nurn- 
berg, Dee. 19 (2&), 1608 (Koch, ii. 282. Ac.) 

Though the above notice might fieem to 
Indicate that iSclialling was nn ardent polemic, 
yet this was not so. He woe naturally o 
moderate man, and a man of peace ; "but 
daring the period of 1*50 to 1CO0, Protestant 
Germany was rent asunder by all manner of 
controversies, in which hardly any one with a 
conscience or an opinion could avoid being 
inrolred. Only one by tun by him is known, 
but that justly ranks among the classic hymns 
of Germany. It is , — 

Henlioli Idol tub loh Uoh, t> Htrr. For the 
Hying. This was, apparently, written shunt 
1567, and was lei pub. in Kttrize \md soruier- 
liche Jlf«M Stpnbala stitcher F&^tun, Sie. Hurn» 
berg, 15T1 ; sad thence in Waeiertmgel, iv., p. 
7S8, in 3 it. of 13 J. It is also in the Utat, L. A, 
1&51, No. 561. Lanxmaan f in Sock, riii., p. 205, 
says of it : " Thii hymn, ' & pr»y«r to Uhcist, 
tha eonsolstian of the soul la lif* and in death,* 
after Psalms nriii. and lisiii-, ia a treasure be- 
queathed to the church from the heart of Schal- 
liug ; " and adds, that it was a favourite hymn 
of P. J. Spener, who sung it *Feiy Sunday eren- 
ing ; of lluke Erast IIL of Sach^-Gotha; of <3. 
F. Gellert, and of many others. The fine melody 
generally set to it, is from Bernherd Schmidt's 
Zwey JS3ahcf di'ttd^ neuen Ktiastticficit Tabmiainr 
mff Orgel find Instrument, Strassbarg, 1&77", 
was srat^iid by J, S. Dach, in his Passion 
masic {Kcordiny ta St. John ; and is in the G. B, 
fat Engltt«4, 186} (See below). Tha trs. in C. U. 
are : — 

1. Thus, lard, I Ibt* trtth Hwrtl A*e. In full, 
by J. C Jaoobi, in his Psalmodiu Gerinaiticat pt. 
Ii., 1T25, p. 51 (1732, p. 134); repeated in the 
itoittnum if, Bk,, 1754, pt, i.. No, 313, In the 
1S01, ind later eds. of the Moravian If, BK. 
(19Be, No. 4+8), trs. of Bt. iii n vi., of E. Ntu^ 
msiittt's " Herr Jeeu Christ, meia hiichitss 
Out " (p, 7M, L\ were substituUd fojf Sehal- 
hng's ii., iii. The 3rd st. of Jacobi** version, 
he-giiming, " Lord, let Thy blest nngelic band*," 
was also given, as a separate hymn, ia the 1754 
and later Moravian 1L Bks. (1888, No, 1246). 

1. Ttj luait, Lard, its lav* on Thtt, A good 
and full ft-., by A, T. Eossell, a» No, 185, in hi* 
Ps.$ H\j3. 1651. 

S, With all uy Tuatt I 1*m Th«, Lord, A 
geoi and fuJl |r,, by H. G, ii Ituiisan, for 
Mercer's C. R and S. Bk., «d. 1857, No. 105, 
In Mercer's Oxford ed., 1864, No. 19&, st. i. wsa 
omitted ; and It thus began, " My body, scnl, and 
nil I have." 

4. lonJ, ill ™y hurt is *i*4 «n The*. A good 
anil full tr. t by Miss Winkworth, in her Lyra 
Ger. 2nd Ser., 18S8, p. 184. Altered to tht 
original metre in her C S. fw England, 1863, 
Nn. 11&, 

Otbir tr>i *r» : — 

(i) "I \wn Thee. Lord, with love sincere." Oy Br* 
n. Millt. 1S«, p. Bt (ISM.p. lis), (i) " Ijoid ! I lova 
Tltte trim my hurt." In SctufTi L'hritt in Sinp, IS'9, 
i. W*. (S) " Lotd, The* I lore wiUi ill rev hesrt" 
MsMk, in t 



n. 6 
By] 



i tht Zinjio/flttt, 16T1. 



I rey pesrt 

[X mo 



Sohaffler, Johann (AziseliiB Sileeiua), 
was b. in 1631 at Breslait in Silesin, His 
father, Stanislaus Scheffler, was a member of 
tlie Polish nobility, but liad been forced to 
kave hi* fatlie^amd on account of bis ad- 
herence ta Lutheranism, and bad then settled 



GOHEFFLBR, JOHANN 

in Breslau. The *m was thus educated eh a 
ilriofc Lutheran. Ailer passing through the 
SI. Elisabeth 1 !* Gymnasium at Brcsleu, he 
matriculated at the Uni<rersity of Straasburg, 
on May 4, IMS, as a student of medicsine. In 
tie next year he went to Leyden, and in 1647 
to Padua, -when he graduated pit. p. and if.u. 
on July 9, 1648. Thereafter lie returned to 
Silesia, and, on Hot. 3, 1649, wag appointed 
private physician, at Oela, to Duke Sylvius 
Nimrod of Wiirttemberg-Ocls. The Duke iu 
a etauitah Lutheran, aatl his court preacher, 
Christoph PVeitaff, administered the ecclesias- 
tical affaire of tie district according to the 
strictest Lutheran chnrcbly orthodoiy. Behef- 
fler, who in Holland had become acquainted 
with the writings of Jakob Bohme, and had 
becumo a personal friend of Abraham von 
jPtankenherg, the editor of Bohtne'a works, 
goon found Ibat the spiritual atmosphere of 
OgIb did net suit Ljim. His own leanings at 
this time were distinctly to Mysticism and 
Separatism. He was at no pains to conceal 
his sentiments, and withdrew himself from 
nubile worship, from confession, and from the 
Holy Communion: When he wished to pub- 
lish hie poems, and submitted them for thU 
purpose to Freitag, he wea refused penmsaioB 
to print them oil the ground of their mystical 
tendencies. He resigned his past In the end 
of 16&2, and went to ltreslau. Here lie became 
acquainted with the Jesuits, who in that place 
were earnest students of the mystical works 
of Tanler (q.Y.), and through them was intro- 
duced to the study of the medimval mystics 
of the Soman Catholic Church. On June 12, 
1653, he was formally received into the Bemoan 
Catholic communion, and at hia confirmation 
on tltat day at Bt. Matthias's Church in Bres- 
lau, he took the name of A-agdvi, probably 
after a Spanish mystic of the lfltii cent, nitmed. 
John ab Angelis.* On March 24, 1654, the 
Emperor Ferdinand hl conferred on him the 
title of Imperial Court Physician, but this 
title was purely honorary, and Soheffier re- 
mained still at BxeslaiL On Feb. 27, 1661, he 
entered the order of St. Francis ; On May 21, 
I661,_ was ordained priest at Meiwe in Silesia, 
and in 1664 was appointed Bath and Hof- 
marsehall to his friend Sebastian von Koetwk, 
the newly created Prince Bishop of Brcslau. 
After the Bishop's death in 1S71 Schefuer re- 
tired to the monastery of St- Matthias in Bres* 
Jan, where he d, July 9, 1*77, from a westing 
sickness, during which he used this charac- 
teristic prayer, " Jeans and Christ, God and 
Man, Bridegroom and Brother, Peace and 
Joy, Sweetness and Pleasure, Refuge and Re- 
demption, Heaven and Earth, Eternity and 
Time, Love and All, receive my soul." (XocJi, 
iv. 3; Goedekefe frmndritt, voL iii., 1887, 
p. 1*7 i Memoir in Dr. D. A. BosenthaTs ed, of 
Schemer's SammtMchs FotOscke Warhe, 2 voIsl, 
Begenghurg, 1S68, &c> 

Of SchaRtar, aa a OonTert and as * Controversialist, not 
much need be fla. Ht certainly became mure Roman 
than the Ramans; indla h|» more thin M controversial 
tractates, shows little of the aiueelneei and repose tor 
which soma have thought that be left the LuUicTtw 



* In hia litoc wirings he titled blmself Tobann 
Angelas Silesioi, adding this designation— the Sllestan 
—la Older to rlittinguleh himself from the Lutheran 
theologian, Johaan Angelus, of IMrmiladt, 



BCHEFFLJ3B, JOHANH 1005 

church. In his &ttlttMngi&,jiab.&<.G)ltz ui It'JJBrit. 
Mas. bt* til* 2nd ed,, pub, at Obaramrceirgiu and Eamp- 
un in 1T3S], he tollacted 39 of these treatise*, of which 
e.g. No. H u eutittel, "The Lutheran and CllvinWlr 
lai>\ of UK Ul>ltr*Lamllng axbLMtcd, laid bare, a> well 
«# the Ukeivees of tb* Trite God. Id whidi abn, at the 
aime time, Uie attacks aud flbftttlant of adversarta* are 
repelled. 1 Oar. tUI. a, Idolnm nlhjl est, an Idol it 
nothing." 

At as eariy age Scbefflfr liad begun to write 
poems, and some of tliesc ocoasioual pieoefl 
were printed in 1641 and 1642. His moat 
famous non-bymnological work is his GsitU 
mens Si'jw- tttki Sehhatreiau, &e„ pub. at 
Tieena in 1657, but better known by the title 
prefixed in the 2nd ed. pub. at Glatz in 1675, 
tiz. the Cherutiiniwlter Wmfersmtam, [Both 
ed«. in the Brit. Mus.] 

The lei ed. eontaiss Ave boska, and a supplement of 
1* wjDDitf ; anl Ja the 2nd ed. a eixth looc U addnl, 
vhiclj thcludss theea 19 khiuqu. The work conelata 
of Apuorisma, tbi majority beiiw In two Aleiandrihs 
rhyming lhiea, often of ocuulderable beauty and dtptt; 
thujiijriioTH breathing the spirit of Mysticism, aud not 
eeMom teretng Ttry saarly on l'jmtlielmi. A te* tit 
ttiote aphorlims hiTt been fr. by Miss WinkuoKlb, In 
her CAritlian HHagtrt, 1444, pp. JJi-5fl[ and l)y E. 
Yltalls iScherb, In tbe eWlaff-Gilman Library rf Jul. 
JVKtry. I8al. 

Scheffler '3 latest poetical work wee the Simt- 
liche Bmdtrtititutg der vier letzten JJin^e, tu 
hriUamen EckrSken und AHtfrnnnttrung aStr 
Meatckvtl (nn DnttA gegtben. Xil der hinan- 
ftscJra Proo/miim twriw«Ar<, Ao. Seh^reidDitE, 
1675. [Brit. Mub,] 

This ia a 2nd od., but no coir of the let ed ioema la 
hlva iunlved. It constats or poem!, "TrttteJ! tn a some. 
wJiat njaratljr ruliotlc style, on Death (S* at.), Laat 
Judgment (44 »*,> Bell Qi St.), and Heaven (1M si.). 
Then follows, it the tiaok of p. 119. the hymn, Jft*K 
sit die JtviH Heft isa tlicA, with the bote that It ought 
to hue beta added la ti* 1666 ed. of thu Scilipt 
Sulaltiit. 

Scheffler's most important hymnolegieal 
work is his Seilitft Sekenlust, Oder geintlidte 
Hirien-XAefer, (for «» fhre# JtimA vtrliebten 
Fspcit, gemttfien vent Joluam Angela Sil/sio, 
and Ban fftwt Geotglo Jtmpfio riUt attttbuiulig 
BcJifinm Mslod&yfA gexiert, So, 

Of tills the 1st cd. appealed at Brcslao, appttrenllf la 
1-SHT, In thrae booka, with Hymna 1-i^a, and a tourtb-^ 
separately pagid— book, with 32 bjinriB, apparently aiae 
nt Bceslan, lefif . In lheanded.,puh, atfirealau iqiase, 
the paging and nnmberliia; ara consenitive ; and a afu 
book Is added, with Hymns ICC-IOS. [Botli eda.<n[t«ral 
UbraTj, Breslau i 2nd td. tn Brit. Mua.] Jh? fint Ihna 
bodies form a cycle of nymua, principally on the person 
and wota - of Our Lord, arranged according to tbe CbrlstlaB 
Year, tram. Advent ta WhitaimtidB, and Stem mostly 
to l*va beta VCtltcn btFuti ScbeflUr left the Lotherta 
caurcb. Tbose of tbe tburtn book vbjb probably written 
IGiato 16M, and those of tha fifth book bnweeo less 
and 15SS. In tbe first three boots he ta moat dearly 
under tbe influence of bis predKeasore. Thatle,eofaTas 
tbe style and form ire concerned, be tms areatly influ- 
enced by the Paeiorale of tbe Kdmberg Ptanitt Sbep 
berda, and of Frlodrich von Hp« Cl'Tj 1 and in tbe sat. 
Stance Of Ida poems — their longfnoa for mystical union 
with Christ, and their dinging love to tile Sarfcur— h» 
was InflatDCad on tbe one side by Bourne, and on tbe 
other by tb» ewneat Inner rellgloni Ufa nhtci be had 
found In Holland. In his later hymns the tone is men 
man|y, and tbe defects and excesses of hia earlier style 
bare, in great moaeora, disappeared. 

Scbefder'shymn&weire gladly received by the Lntberau 
Church a$ a wehsome addition to tlie Etore of fl Jens 
Bymna," but many long passed current am annnymonB ; 
the /. J„ for Johaitn JtijFiItu, being often interprettd sa 
fnflsrK Auioritt and vice Terua. ThmUgh the iMfimberg 
if, B., ISIS; FieylingnauBBu'a C. B., 1T(M and \1U\ 
Pomt'a 0. £., ITlUi arid Bur^'a O. B., DrMlau, 17i(, a 
laige number came Into use among: the Lutherans, uora 
Indeed tbau among too Roman Cathulica. Tb*y wen 
great favourites among the Moravians, after Zlmendorf 
had included 79 of tjaem in hia Cbritt-Caitoliiclei 
Sipffi- uad 3 ct'B tiekitin, 1727 j and, unmrtunarely, pre- 



1006 SCHEFFLEB, J OH AWN 

wisely tbe worst ivere nekctal fat imitati*?!], So that 
HctloESer lift? tbp doubtful honaaiT of being tlm model of 
tl^ fpirUllfti.fleBhly productions which disfigured the 
Moravian hrmn.books between 17 40 and HAS. 

Judging Sehefflcr's hymns as ft whole one 
niust give them a very high place in German 
hymnody. Only ft small proportion of the 
hymns bear a distinctively Roman Catholic 
character. Of the Tost, after setting on one 
aide ttioeo in which Christ is act forth as the 
Bridegroom of the soul, with sn cxoesMvo uao 
of the imagery of Oantiolea : and those dis- 
figured hy the mannerisms of the Fnatoral 
School, there remain a large number which 
are hymns of the first rank. TheflO finer 
hymns nre the work of a true poet, almost 
perfect in atylo and in beauty of rhythm, con- 
ciao and profound ; the fruita indeed it may be 
Saici of Mysticism, but of Mysticism chastened 
arid kept in bounds by deep reverence and 
by ei true snd fervent lovo to the Saviour. 
Schefflcr holds & high place in the flret Tank 
of German snared poets, and is much the finest 
of the PoaMtefoiuatioii Koideui Catholic 
hymn-writers. A complete cd. of hi 8 poetical 
works appealed, in two Tola, at BogousbnTg, 
I8fj2 (son above). 

A number of SchefBer's hymns are noted 
under their own Urst lines (eeu lailex of Author* 
rad TraiuUtm*). Two, which ftte bs. from the 
Latin, are noted at p, 70, ii., and p. 8C4, 11. 
The rest, which h&T9 passed into English, nre 
as follows. 

t. Aeh Gott, m hit «r HirrUoUuit, CWj 
Majesty. 1st pub. as No. 110 in Bk. iii., 1(557, 
of his Jfeilitje Sxkntoat (WVAe, 1&&3, L p. 185), 
in rt, of 8 1., entitled, "She [the soul] rejoices 
herself on the glory of Jesus, * In the Herrn- 
hut G. S.j 1735, No. 67. The fr*. in C. 0". is :— 

Toy Hajuty, how Tint It is. This is a free rr, 
of st. i.-iv. as part of No. 169 in the Moravian 
H. BL, 1789 (188G, No. 225), 

Another tr, la ! " My God I how vast n Glory has," u 
No. 310 in tht jTOrauujftH. ai.,pt. fL, lTJ3tlJ^, Pt»1„ 
Ho. 485), 

fL Dtr til* BehXfa, {rones Spin, Jfcj ffovd 
Shepherd. 1st pub. as No. 18S in Bk. v., 166 S, 
of his Hcilinc Sseieniusi (Werhs, 1862, i. p. 307), 
in 5 st. of £ ]., entitled, "She tells of His Faith- 
fulness." In Freylinghauseo's ff. J?., 1705, No. 
701, beginning, " Der edle Hirte." Ik as ;^ 

The true pood (jhephemi, 0)4'* im Sua, This 
is a Jr. of st. i., v., by P. H. Motther, as No. 18 
in the Moravian II. Bk., 1780. In the 1SS8 and 
later eds. (1836, No, 2!S) it begins, *' Christ the 
good Shepherd." The version of 1801, slightly 
nlt^red, is in Montgomery's Ch. Psalmist, 1625. 

Hi, Qraawr Eoiig-, d»m inn diene- iorfl fa fioA 
1st pub. as No. 161 in Bk.v., 16GB, of his Heilita 
Scclentiul (TF*f^, IB62, i. p. 274), in 10 sL of 
8 ]., entitled, " She presents to har Beloved her 
heart in diverse fashion As a morning gift." In- 
cluded, greatly altered and beginning, " Grosser 
Kflnig den ioh chie," a* No. 787 in Freyllnghau- 
sen's G, B, r 1705, an^ further altered in Kn&pp'e 
Ev. L. 3., 16S7 and 1865. The tr. in C. U. is :— 

Maka my heart a garden fUr. This is a fr. of 
st. viii-, as st. ii. of No. 43& io the JUafasian if 
Si., 17S& (18S6, No. 5«8> 

Other tia, us t O) "Lord, I Hum, Thy ctmij ador- 
ing," bv ,r. P. a™, ihsb, p. 32T. (si "Al«%litr 
King, Eteriuil Sire." hy G. Koultrte, in liln jFjKHiialr e/ 
A fMmWffl, 1S10, pi H. 

iv. Je«ua 1st del icbitnati Htm', iw*(<? PArirf. 



BCHEFtfLER, JOHANN 

1st pub. a? No. &3 in Bk. i., 1G57, of hi* HtWflt 
Hvteniust (TVei-fc, 18C2, i. p. 72), in 9 St. of fit., 
entitled, "She praises the ft*oe]]«ncy of the 
Name of Jesus." Included as No. 59 in Frey- 
liugJiivusen's G- B., 1704, and recently as No. 88 
in the Berlin ff. L. S., ed. 1SS3. Tr. as :— 

fe™ is the hlfhtDt name. This is a good tr. 
of st. i, ii^ viii., h., hy A. T. Russell, as No. 69 
in his Pi. #■ /f^s,, 1851 ; repeated, altered, as 
No. 143 in Kennedy, 188S. 

Another tr. ii : " Jems la tbe awoetnl Nioie, Unto 
enormia," by J. C Earie, in 0. Shipley's Jnniif -Suit-Jin:, 
1SS+, pt. II. p. 43. 

t. Keiae Sthifnhrit hat die Welt l>tm to Christ. 
A beautifnl hymn On Chri*t in Kature. 1st pub, 
ns No. 109 in Blf, iii., 1957, of his Ifciliqe Seeiew 
lust ( W&lte, 1862, i. p. 183), in 13 st. of 4 1, 
entitled, " She ponders His churmingness to tho 
creatures." Included in Freylinghausen's S. B., 

1704, No. 204, and in th« Unv. L. B^ 185 \ t 
No. 733. The ire. in G. U. are :— 

1, Barth has nothing amet or fair, This is A 
very good ti;, omitting st. vi,— viii., x., xi,, hy 
JIis 5 Coi in her Socretf Ifyt, from ihe ffiMiuiit, 
IStl, p, IflS (Hy*. front tie Gcrmex, 1S64, p. 
14+). Vftfying Centos have Appeared in numer. 
ous American collections, e.g. in Hedge and 
Huntingdon's Ifys. for tJut Ch. of Chrht, 1853 j 
Robinson's Stmgefer the SanHuot-y, 18S5; Dutch 
Reformed IJys. of tilt ChxeVih, 1869, o\fe 

a, Xothlag fair on earth I see. This ii A some' 
what free Jr. of st. i.— v., i*. p aii.-niv,, ivi., by 
Miss VTinkworth in herZ^ro Gar,, 1st Bar., 18fi5, 
p. 48 j repeated, abridged and altered, in her 
C. S.for England, 1893, No. 1S8. 

Dtbartn. nil CO " AH tbe beanijr we can tad," as 
No. 187, in pi. I. of Wtn Moravian H. Bk., itsd, (V) 
" WoaW yon view tlie glorious face," In J. A. Lairobtfs 
Ft. * nut., 1B41, No. 43T. (3) '■ Whue'er of beauty I 
behold, ^by Lady £. forlttau, 1343, p. 31. (4) " Earth 
h*a nothlnst brl^lit for pie," hy Miss Jfimii^ldft, 1863, 
p. lea, (8) " TJie wvrld\ with broadoqat be^utiea sown, 
by£ Uaitit. 18(7, p. 14. 

Ti. Xoigsmtun der faitern Hao Jit. Low to 
Christ. 1st puh, m No. 26 in Bk, L, 1657, of his 
Halige SectatlKsl ( Wh-ke, 1862, i. p. 63), in 6 st. 
of 5 ]., entitled, "She Wishes to have the little 
Jesus as the true Morning Stnr in the heaven of 
her heart," Included in Freylicghausen's O. B., 

1705, No. 752 j in Knapp's £s. L, 8., 1837 and 
1865, &t. The tr. in C. U. is : — 

Kernlna; attf , O ehetfuig light! Thii is a good 
tr* t omitting st. ii., iv,, as No. 23 in the Moravian 
H. ttk., 1886. 

Another tr. i* ! " Mofnlni S4m fq djirtsome nigbl,', 
by Hili IVisJhililflA, IMS, p. ISO. 

™. Hun idnnn mein Herr, qn4 aUoi w«i ieh Mn- 
5W/-5K)TeiMfer Jo Christ. 1st poh. as No. 102 in 
Bk. iii., 1957, of his Heilige SeeUrdust (Wtrhs, 
1852, i, p. 168), in 4 st. of 6 1, entitled, "She 
gives herself to her Bridegroom." Included in 
Freylinghansen F s ifctftt geistreichci (?. B. t 1714, 
No. 5(>5, and recently as No. 767 in the Berlin 
ff. L. 8., ed, 1B63. The tr. in C, U. is :— 

take my hurt, and whatua'ar ia mine. This 
is a tr. of at. 1., fv., ty F. W. Foster, as No. 267 
io the Moravian B. Bk., 1789 (1889, No. 349> 

Another tr. is ; "TS<m uke my heart and all that in 
in ms," by Jfi« TFfaJhrorth. 1H58, p. 98. Hopeated in 
Lyra Endtariitica, IsSa, p, an (1844, p. 5BS). 

*iil, WoIlt ihr dan Himn fliden, Scckis!} for 
Christ. 1st ptib. in Bk. iv,, 1657, of his JZeilige 
Scelrnlvsl, p. 31 (ed. 1698, Bk. iv., No. 136 ; 
Ufa?***, 1862, i. p. 223), in 5 st. of 8 ], entitled, 
" She gives notice ■where Jesus is ia be found." 



SCHEFFLER, JOHAJTN 

In FrevlinghaTiseii's S, B., 1704, No. 338, and I 
PorstYff. B., ni. 1855, No, 777. tr. n* :— 

If yon Trould find toe Barlow. This is a tree 
version, condensing at. iii., iv, as at, iii. in the 
JnVrwfort Jif. W,, 1754, pt. i>, No, 557. IucludeJ, 
greatly altered, ami beginning, " Would yon find 
the Saviour?" in J. A. Lntrobe's Pi. fy Il'js., 
1941 ami 1652. 

ix. Wi uriM da Ida, -Willi Abend iit £u«tfn^. 
A beautiful hymn founded en the MaiTative of 
Christ at Em mans, 1st pab. ns No. U& in Ek, lii., 
1657, af hi* ffetVi^ iVfeniiiji (Wfr'te, 1662, i. 
p. 127), in 4 st. of 8 1., untitled, « Siia prays 
thai He will abide with her because it has become 
evening." Included in Pciut\ G. B,, ed. 1&55, 
No, 67 i. It has passed into English through an 
entirely rewritten form, In 5 it, of 4 I., which 
nppetrs in the Ftb'H 0. B., 1S75, No. 59, and is 
tirobubly the wort of Chriitoph, Gensth van 
Breitenau, the editor of that book [b. Aug. 12, 
lC3S,4t MaLtmbuig, 'I- Jan. 11, 1T32, at LubeekJ 
This form, ii in tho Berlin G. L, 8., ed. 1883, 
S(h 334, The tr. in C, V. a ;— 

When irilt Hunt ft! nmi night dram mar. 
By A. Cmll, in full, ai Ho, 93 in the Ohio Lwth, 
Hyt., lflSO. 

Another tr, ii ; " Where wilt Thon go J the e^e draw* 
nigh," by Mia JJaniuploB, 1843, p. 1U. 

Other hymns by Schetfler which hare been 
rendered into EoglUh ore :— 

*, Ath, *ajt mir niclt von Gold nni SdiEtaen- 
//JW to Chritt. lit jMb. ai No, K* In Bk, lit, 1ES1, of 
Lis JtiHigt SMfenStuI (WbtJih 1665,1,11,151). inf at. 
nf 61, Included in l^eylingbaiiien'B rt, J_, J 704, No. 
MP, wUh additional at. aa iv., v„ and this form is 
Ho, T3T in tie ir™. i. a, 1SH. The *™. are (i) "Tell 
roe HO mere Of goidan tmaurea," in the ^fcfpjM, to tier. 
r«Um«ly, ed, H*Sj p. as * md 8&vt JTsf . .from Cn-, 
rsehnniy, Tranqoew, l'Si, p, 31, ps) "O tell me «n 
of glutting treasure," b^ ^r, }f. JKrtSt, IMS, p,T6(18E(, 
p. 101 J, (i) " (eil me not of gold nmi treaswe." by 
lfl» BurlinRbim, in the Jrittsfc IftruM. Auflisl, 18SJ, 
p. ill, reward ;« " Jla, ttllm not," lc, in Eeid'e 
/■™v« ek., lBJa. 

ai. AdIi, «as itiVat dn auf d«r An. Lovt tf Chritt, 
1st pub. aa No, «a, in 6k. iii., 161?, of bit Btsliji Sed- 
tnhitl (H^rJtc, lgej, i p. 1S4), in * St. of S 1. In J. F. 
H.SchlciijBei'a Bit XHrtM f» iHrfi* tiEOern, vol. U., 1843; 
p, 31 J, rewritier llld Ijeginnlnp " Jenn maina S*Is*lg- 
Halt," r rhi* £pnn Iq tr, mh " Jeftlia, end of my deotm/' 
BJ J, C Eaile In O, Bilpkr'B vlttitwt Smrfur, lftM. 

nL^uf, auf, S«tl', «u, iif, nun Btnlt, Cnrisiian 
WiirtinR 1st put- aa. Ho, SOI, In Pit, v, teas, rf hi» 
HeiJips SotimUwt < Wer*e. iwa, J. p. 33*), in Ii st. at 
« L, entitled, " She icmaes to battle," It Is o,be»utltdl 
picture, fnnnded Oil S Tim. It 3^-i, And Fer. i.Mii., of 
the Cbrlelian caiupalgn and its rtnarrt. In W>e Gttst' 
rtidat (?, «„ Halk 1W7, p, *3t. it it altered to " Aof 
CAriftet jtfeujcA," and is entitled " Ajd im BdnlBI," 
Tlili form, wllh a new n. M at. ii.. Is rejieabxl In r«y- 
lingliiuuen'i C. J. t It ot, indie Mu. ti4 in tbe Unv. L. S., 
1U1. Tba in. in (1) "Up I Christian nun, ind Mi 
the flghi," by XHt Maningtvn, 1SSJ, p. 44. (i) "tip, 
Chtistian! gird the* to Ice slilfe," hj Miss Bntlinghim, 
in tia BritiO. Herald, July , 1444, p. 106. 

mi, Seiji h BiKjne Liebo nringvt micb. 7jOdb fo CAnjL 
1st pub. IB. So. 190 in Bit. Hi., 1»ST, of bin HeilCgt Skoi- 
CNlufE (W«rJb£, l«Wi '■ P- KU In t dt. of T I. In Froy, 
linKnaueen'9 AfHEJ fleiitrrtrJfcl 0- A, ltli, Ho. 40a, 
with two at. addea as li., t. 3^. bh, i+ Thing own lore 
doth me oonstcalu," by J. Sfllly, In tb* FOMilg IWUHirj, 
18TS, p. 118. 

kii. Ma Sosju kanuat btru. Ifottritij. let pub. 
aa Ho. 11 lu Bk. I., l»}, of hie AOi« AtCiwlut 
(Wirlte, 1SJ3, 1. p. *Jl In 4 st. ol 4 1. IV. *a "Tbe 
bud will Boon appear, " by J. Kally, In the Rimiiy Trta- 
ittry, Bits. Vie. 

xr. Ihr SbxbI, (Kb da« baobabs Out. iow to CArfri. 
1st puh. ao Ho, 7* in Bk. 111., 10*1. of bis JttHiat 
AvktriwE (Wirlce, 1SB, I. p. 13*). In T it, of 4 ], In 
tbe KerrnMut G, B„ lto\ JTo. «H. altered aud baifln- 
ulnj, "Ihr SeiapMm, die Ihr den keont." Tola form la 
tr. SB, u ft Serapljlm, vbo praatrate fall," bb tfo. (4tf in 
pt. i. of tn« Jfora.Tian //. Bt., 17SJ. 

iil I«n, tnr't^ Bona*. JJJrt to Ct list. 1st pitb. BS 



SOHEIN, JOMANK H, 1007 

No. *;f in Bk, iii,, 1M?, of hiBmili-je Salenlitll (Wcrltt, 
1*61, i. p. lit), in f el. or 4 1. Eometimf* erroneonsly 
scribed Lo G. Arnold (so fn A'AnuntK'f ed., lAbft, p. 79). 
?y. as " Chrtst tho sprjng of endless Joys," by J. Kelly, 
lathe Rxmily SVeaaury, IStB, n. 7 in. 

itU, Xorarnt, meine Treond, imiJ bo>et ta.. Etv.runi 
lift, let pnh. as Ho, 202 in lit. v., less, of hie Balim 
AwlfltJufi c^'a-to, less, i. p. ase), in is st. of i I. ly, 
is, "Come bilhof, friends, mil liesr me any," by J. 
Kelly. In the FSfnilg Trtamrt/. 137}, p, S71. 

■nil, Jtatu Seel* willt in ruh'n. Lavi to ffcrf, let 
pnb. as Mo, H In Bk. Hi., 10ST, of Ills Eritigr SMlctiliiit 
(TFerHa. 1362, [, p, 144), in 1 st. of e L )n ,i, topping's 
Jfid^'iirAfio j ingrendgr CAriRfciE-Jfunri, Wesel, l^irj, p. G9, 
two it. by J. CL Scbsne were adileiL aR ^., vl,, And this 
form is it p. IS in Etbads'sJ'lijcfcLEwi CailtitftlwBU v.lt,, 
104$). In Ilia CcutrcJcBTl 6*. *., HaJla, I99f, p. ]K», sin 
new st. ware added is vii.-xif, niui this ttst li repoatf^l 
In FraylingiisusaEi r B tf, A., 1704, and in the rttrllti tr. L. 
S.. ed. Ia03, Mo. 91). This bpt form Is tr. le " O my 
soul, derir'et tboti nst." Jn the i'iijjjil. (o Gir. /■sat 
niodf, ed. 17SII, p. is. 

xlx, HsiiL Lub 1st mir und nih ain Lhra. £ore to 
Chritt. 1st pub. is So. 1H4 In Bk, v., use, of his 
Heiligt Salexluttf FVrJta, lavs, i. p. aaa), jn 7 fit. of 4 I. 
Inihe JftrmSHt ff. if.. 113s, No. 761, beginning, "Mdn 
JT-fjjuflT." This ts tr. as, ** My I'tlend'a to me, And I'm 
to Him," so Mo; 467 in pt. i. of the ^irmiiati 11. Ilk., 

ii. du allerliahBtor Oott' Ckriit in CafJuenuliii. 
iFt pnn. os No. 41 in Bk. ii., 1(S7, of hfa A'dllVc SKiffl- 
IttitT (Wfc-Jre, la*!, i> P. 5!)t 'n 6 at. of B 1, In J. F, H. 
Sdilc*s<>r'a Hit Jitrtht in ihren LieJent, vol. li., isaz, 
p. 249, |t be^lni " Josu, du nisia Tint Uhd Ontt." ThU 
fonfl 1* tr. IS * JcSuS, O my Lord and Goi," by Jf. O, 
£&rle, in 0- Shipley's J-nnua fiinctuJi, 14K4, p. 7S. 
'mi, Stihw', Bsrant, wie bant dain Brtiirtifwn. 
msrtwiiicb. let pub- SS Ho- « in Bk, ii-, 1657, Of hh 
Bdligt Serler&axl (T\'erl<t, 1363, 1-p. W). In 10 et or 
4 I, Id tie Hem&vt O, B-. 1?SB. No. 106. B-, as, "O 
Bride ! behold thy Bridegroom liaugs,'' as Mo. 430 in 
pi. 1. of the JBUmufan II. JM-„ 1764. 

xili, Trltt bia, Sod', und daidt' dem Btrra, 
Tkmiktgiving. lal pub. tx Mo. 193 In Dk, v.. USB, of 
bis Beiliac Xtiknliltt ( Wtrit, 18*4. I. p. 3»), In IS rt, 
of 4 1., wltb. a two line refrain. In Porst's C, j?„ crl. 
1360, Ho, (01. Tr. se "Como,0 my Boul. with thankful 
voice," byZir. (7. Wntkcr, I860, p. ID. 

xxaL wezL ipb Bcbon Bab 1 dio evuTnen "Wangsm. 
3Smiing. 1st puh. lis So. 141 in Bk. v., 166?, of his 
Beiligt StdeRlutt ( Wtrke, 1*41, 1. p. Hi), In ll el of 6 1. 
In the Pun. 1. s„ i*h. No, *7e. The <«. are (l> ** Be- 
tiuBt I see red tints Admiing-," by #is» JJaniMjCiw, 
14B3, p. 119. (2) " I see the golden lljfht of morn, 1 ' in 
tha KOAihl 3ViflS»rjr, IK!?, p. 60S. 

For, Wis liebnoa Bind die Wohnunijen. Bismol 
lit/t. 1st pub), iq No, 123 InBk. Iii,, 15Sf, of his Heitigt 
fcdtntwH Werlm. KM, p, 30)^, in " at, of B 1, re as 
■■ How lovely eie the manaionE fair," by J. Keliy, In 
the RtmQy iVsanfrv, 167s, p- 279, 

iit. Zsueh nlfh aaoh sir, so laufen Tflr, Ijkx (i\ 
Christ, 1st pnb, aa Mo- IE in Bit. lit. l«y, of bis HtiltM 
SttltKhut (Werlct, 1B63, i. p, 130), In i E.t, of 6 I- In 
FievlliiEnansen's «, *., 1701, No. 114, st. v,, « JfSH 
Christ, aer dn mir Wei," Is Klven is st i. and vi. Tr.ss 
" Draw us to Thee, then will we flee." jw Mo. 137 in pi. 1. 
of the Waranian IT- Jit,, 17*4 

It rnny "be added that Id some English books 
SohdBer appears as a, composer of hjma-tuuoa. 
Th.il ib boweyer a miBtake, for the nielodies in 
the Heiitgv St4le«-lu$t are, aa the tide di*- 
tiuctly says, by Qeoig Joaepb, a muBician 
liyin^ nt tlia.t time in Brealaii, [J. ]tf .] 

ttohein, Johaim Heruaim, 3. of Hicr- 
orjvmtis Sclicia, j*stor nt GrUnlini", near An- 
DaberK, ill Saxony, was b. at Qriinlsin, Jns. 
30, l&flG, He mHtriculated at tlio University of 
Leipzig in lflf/7, and rtudied there foi- four 
yeura. Thereafter lie acted for fiomc timo BA 
n. piivate tntor, including two yews with a 
fwnily ftt WeisMnfels. O11 May 21, 1615, he 
waa itppnintcd OapeHmcieter, At tho OOUTt.of 
Duke Johann Ernst, of Saohae- Weimar ; and 
ill 1616 he became cantor of Bl. ThomaB'fl 
Chureh, and tnnaio director nt Leipzig, In SONS- 
cj??Bioii to Both Calvislus (J. Nov. 24, IMS). 
This post he held till hi» d^alh, at Iioipzig, 



1008 6CHENK, HEiNKICH T. 

Nov. 19, 1630. (Bode, p, 411; Nonatthifte 
ftir Mutth-gewhichte, 1871, p. 26, &e.) 

&hejn was one or the most difltinKqlslieiJ mmWiii 
tf his time, both ss an original composer, And is a 
harmoolser of U)« works of others. As a hymn-writer 
he was not so prolific, or bo noteworthy. Must of his 
tjnlns were written on the deaths of his children or 
friends, e.ff. on seven of hie children, and op his Aral 
vile. They appeared mostly In hrc&dsbeet Sum, uid 
wen Included, along with Ills original melodies, 111 his 
Cunitonol o&r ffc*!HW-B.«A JUfttlllfyfiaUr <:uti/-ei- 
.ion, Leipzig, 16JT ; ail ed., l«16. [Both In Wernlgerodt 
lifbrary.] 

Those ot Schein's hymns which have pawed 
iota English, are : — 

t, Xiuha nit miir, Oott, *»*b dEiaar Out. For 
tin Dying- 1st pub., as a hroadsheet, it Leipzig, 
1628, as a TVoii-iicJlifi'ii a 5 (i.e. far 5 voices), 
Sic rBsrlin Library.] The wards, the melody, 
iiid the five-part setting, ara all by Schein. It 
was written Tor, and first used at, the funeral, 
pn Dec. 1&, 1626, of Margarita, wife of Caspar 
Warner, a builder and town councillor at 
Leipzig, and a churchwarden of St. Thomas's. 
It is in 6 st. of 6 1. ; the initial letters of 11. 1, 3, 
in at. L-iv., forming the name Margarita; and 
tho W of st. t. 1. 1 standing for Werner. In 
Schein's Coniional, 1645, No. 303 (marked as 
Trost-IAedlein, Jeh. lltrm. Schema, i 5), and 
later hymn-books, us e.g. the Vnt. L. ■?., 16 Jl, 
No. 830, it. vi. tbs omitted. It is Schein's 
finest production, Altd Oho of the best German 
hymns for the sick and dying. . Tr. at ; — 

Deal with me, (tod, ™ neny aow, This is a 
wod and full fr., by Miss Wink worth, in her 
C. S.fof Pnglatwt, 18^3, No. 191, sst to Sehein** 
nistody of 1626. 

ii. Mm flott usd Hear, and sel nlont foro. /"or 
M* Dying, 1st pnh,, with his name, in his Om- 
tonaV, 1*327, No. 263, in st. of ft 1. The initial 
letters of the stanzas give the naros Margarita, 
probably one of the daughters who predeceased 
him. It is included, in 5 st, in tho 1848, and 
later edi,, of Criiger's Praxis ; and recently, in 
full, in Ton Tucher's SeJuttz Hex tvaiuj. Kirchen- 
g&angt, 18+*, No, 555; And reduced to 8 ft. in 
Layrix's Kern dvs dttitscfien. Kunlieniiedi, 1844, 
No. 421. Tho tr. m C. U. is :— 

aTy Lord and (fed, go not aw»y< A good tr, of 
st. i., ii., it., v., vii., by A. T. Russell, o* No. £54, 
in his .P*. £ i"^*,, 1851, [J. M.] 

Sohsnk, Heiarloh Theobald, a. of 
Simon 8ehenk, pastor nt Heidelbach, od the 
Schwann, near Alsfeld, Hesse, was I), at 
HeiieLbacb, April 10, 1656. He entered the 
PadajrogJiini at Gie&sen, in 1670, and then 
pursued his studies at the University (h.a. 
1676). In 1876 he returned to the Pada- 
Eogium, aa one of tho masters; arid -wan, 
from 1677 to 1639, "praxseptor clawicns." On 
Dec 27, 1688, he vai ordained as Town 
preaohet and " definitor," at the Stadtkirche 
in Gitaseo. He d. atGieaaen, April 11, aod 
was buried there April 15, 1727. (F. W. 
Btrleder's Uettieehe GeUhrtat md Sdtrtftsteller 
Getdiicltte, vol. s., Casael, 1795, p, 10; MB, 
from Dr. Nanmauc, pastor primniins; and 
from Dr. Schiller, Gymnneifll-direetar at 
GicBSeu- Tho registers &t Giessen givethe 
dote of hU funeml, but not of hia death ; but 
say, that at his death ho was aged 71 years 
less 10 days, which would rather suggest 
Aptil 21 as the date of Lift birth ,} Onlv one 
by ran is known by him, but it is a hymn 



6CHIEMEB, MICHAEL 

■wliicli i» found in aljnost all recent German 
hymn - books ; and, through trs., in many 
recent English collections. It is :—' 

Wer tind die tot Oottes Ihrue. fiknwJ Life. 
This is found in the NeK-vtrrasArtea Gesong- 
btisbltiTi, Frankfurt-am-Main, 1719, No. 362, 
p. 3141, in the " Anhang einiger Gssange " ; and is 
repeated in the Jisudst-mid noHsidndii/fU J^itmi. 
fwirr O. S., 1729, No. SfiS, in 20 st. of f? I. In 
the Hesse-Darmstadt Kirclien G. B., 1733, No, 
437, it is given, with a reference to Schenk as 
it* author, and entitled, "On R*ir. vii. 13-17." 
It ia included in the Berlin Q. L. 3-, ed, IB83, 
No. 1617, omitting st. rii., TiiL it is a haautiful 
hymn on the Church Triumphant (L^iiii.), and 
on the aspiratioiu of the uiurch Militant to 
attain the same Tietorious glory. TV. as : — 

1, Wh» are tlitH like stars sppearinr, By Miss 
Cox, in her Sacred hyt. from the German, 1841, 
p. 89, being a very good (r. of st. i.— vi., ix.-li., 
iii',-s¥il„ xi. This ha* ooin? into extensile use 
in the cento adopted in Alford's i 1 *. 4r £y»,,1644 ; 
and repeated in H- A, $ Af. t 1S61 ; being th« 
irs. of st. i., iii.-y., ii. Other centos are found 
in EoriWi Uyi. fy Anthtmt, 1651, &c Other 
forms may also be noted : — 

(1) I* j » mtiutude arA«annc. This, la T. Dttltac> 
Hgt. /or Ch, ifSnglwtd, is}4,b based on Miss Co* 1 * 
it, 1 , lr. T v., with two Additional Manas, 

(i) Wio an tatu la *™»n»g brifhtiHH, iBMriaf 
tb* liitaAau pain, This form, found, as So. ess, iq 
the Baptist ft. A jnt, 1SSB, Is by Oeorge Rawson, vith 
st, I , ilL, hsscd on Miss Cox's trt. of st. lit., Iv, In sir. 
Raws™'* Sj/t., rtrtts, i Chatut, isto. No. te, it Is r*» 
*atttn, so 4* to lank as an original hyinti ; mil there it 
begins, " Who are these illation elnglng." 

In 1664 Miss Cot printed a revised tsut in 
her S$s. from the German, p. 91. This is found 
in a considerable variety of centos, in many 
English nnd American hymn-books ; miut follow- 
ing the text of 1664 throughout, and some partly 
reverting to the text of 1841. It is Included, 
e.g. in the Ftopte's Hyl., 18S7, Chttnh Hys., 
1871, Ryl. Cfetnp,, 1S76, Bapt. Hyl,, 1879, 
Thring's Coll., 18S0 aud 1862; and in America, 
in the Hys. $ Songs of Praise, 1974, Laudsa 
Iktonim, 1684, and others. In H. L Hastings's 
Swufs of Pilgrimage, 1689, it begins with st iii., 
" Who are these in dasilinr; brightness, These in 
God's own truth arrayed.* 

t. Wis an flu** ia Uftat adorlaf . By A. T. 
EusselJ, as No. 145 in his P&. $ ffyt., 18*1 ; 
being a tr, of st. i,, iv,, xi., xv. 

9. Who an thou btfon Ood's thru*, TTnii H» 
omnied host I see. This is a good tr. of st. 
L-vi, ie., x., xiv. r xrii., xi., hy Miss Wink- 
worth in her Lgra (rtr., 1st Set., 1&55, p. B07. 
Repeated, abridged, in Boardman's Sii., Phila- 
delphia, 1861 ; EeniHXty, 1343; and the Samn 
Hyl, 1838. In her £ JJ. fop Esglaad, 166S, 
No, 77, Miss Winkworth repeated the trs. of 
st. i., iii., v., jt., x. r xir., jvii., altered, and 
beginning, " Who ara then* that, far before ma." 

Dthar trt. an :— 

(1) "Who tn (boss before God's throoa, What the 
couDtbm." By J. D, Bums, In tho Ftisnily Tmturif, 
ibSb, pt. 1., p. set ; tnd bis Memoir 4 Ranaim, Iftfl*, 
p. 24(. Ci) " "Who are those round God's throne llzuL- 
inff." By kiti Xaningten, 1943, y. 90. CS> "What ia 
this hnot that round the throne. " 2r Jfdt Warntr, 1SS9, 
p. ». [J. BI-] 

Behirmer, Mielael, a. of Michael Schir- 
mer, inspector of wino casks at Leipsig, was 
b. at Leipzig, apparently, in July, 1C0G, bis 
baptism being entered aa on July 16, in the 
regwtere of St, Thomas's Chnrch there, He 



SOHIBMBH, MICHAEL 

matriculated at the University of Leipzig, at 
Eerier, 1619, and graduated m.a, in 1630. In 
1636 he was appointed subrector, and in 1651 
corrector of the Greyfriani Gymnasium at 
Berlin. During bis courectorahip the rector- 
ship fell vacant several times, sod each time^ 
after lie bad officiated as projector during the 
vacancy, a younger man than he mt set over 
him (probably on account of Schirmer'a feeble 
health) till, Inst of all, in May, 1668, the sub- 
rector tf&i promoted over his head. In the 
same year SohLrmar retired from office. The 
remainder of his life he spent in Berlin, where 
he pub., in the end of 166ft, a version of the 
Jtenaii in German Alexandrine verse, wrote 
various occasional poems, Ac He d. at 
Berlin, apparently on May 4, and was cer- 
tainly boned then, in the churchyard of the 
Kloster Kirehe, on If ay 8, 1675 <Jlf. Michael 
SdWrwec,*c^by Dr. J, F. Bachnisum, Berlin, 
1859; K. Goafcto'* GrtutdWu. vol iil, 1887, 
». ISO; £«*, iii. BBS, 4c. EMh speaka of 
Bchlrmer as having been rector of the school 
at Freiberg in Batony, and then potter at 
Btriegnite on the Mulde, both between 1630 
and 1686; and of tin having been finally, 
juet before his death, appointed archidLaconus 
at Freiberg. But for these statements there 
appears to be no evidence whatever. The 
Michael Schirmer who was rector at Freiberg, 
and on Feb. T, 1673, was appointed archi- 
diacomu there, but d. at Freiberg on Oat. 25, 
1672, was only b. on March 26, 16SG. The 
rectorate at Freiberg was held by Jobann 
Bchellenberc fium 1603 to 3642; and the 
pastorate at Btriegnitz was held by Friedrich 
Htlner from 1623 to 1636). 

StWraifr hud many domrstlo ul personal nHUdlofli 
to bear. Hli wilt and tali tiro children predeceased him 
The early part of iil lilt In Berlin «u (pent amid the 
diatiH* ««aed by Hw Thirty Yeua Wit, during irblca 
Brandenburg, and Berlin iuwlf, icJIeitd greatly from 
ptslllenu and poverty. In 1H4 a deep melaiKbolj' (ell 
upon Mm, which luted lor flv* jam; ud suDetnlua; 
of the, hot kind shioj to ha»e returned to tiVm Jot 
* time, liter Ills wift> death, in Fab, M*T. Sctdmns 
■iras crowned *a a poet In 1637, Hi? enrUe* productions 
w*iu DBntlj' wamdofltl plissfl jo Uennm «™3 lyiin. Ja 
Lias b« pub,, «| Berlin, • metrical *eflrion of JEocfcM. 
(HHckt m, Dot Bufk /mi StocA, ta. ; and In 1(160, 
■loo at BbtUb, a Kcrtptunl play * which two acted by the 
acholan of tbo Oymnaaliuii, »nd ill entitled fl*r te*. 
/djffa 2>K»d, Ac. He. «l«o pall, «ft Berlin, in 16U, ¥ch 
slomji of tl)H Sopgn or ttao flld and N*w TeatApMqit as, 
JNUftck iMtr wtd ieArrprifete. The only eonpofi- 
ttaot by liiai which have, corns Into qie a* Sinu, ore 
those Tilch fee contributed to J. Oflger'e linnet noil. 
IflnKcJlu P. jBV, Berlin, IMII ; Mid to assert .Freutt 
pfetattr. «id«a, Berlin. 144s, *c. (See pp. jtl, 11. | and 
971, !.>. Tbesa, tfr* in all, pined into many thmmi 
hynai-tfloV* of the 11th eent., and nmet of tbeii in still 
In im. Tbay wan ncrlnted by Dr. Badunuui. uabor*, 
fp. 7L-SI, tegetbel vlLtiYuloiii HlccUomlrom hkutbtr 
poettcol compOellioDV, They aro pnftlcil, cleoc, objec- 
tive, chonMy hynuu, Hniewhmt teJatod to fbooe qf 
Sefbudt; fM "till PMre clwly to tboog pf Jvluon 
Heomwin. from nhuw Indwi ScUnnej borruw* a lew 
«ipfre8«lofl». 

The onlj hymn by Ekshirmer which has 
passed Into English is : — 

4 hvUcv W«t, twin b*I u> tin, WAiimniiifc. 
1st pub., 1640, u above, No. 75, in 7 ut. of lfl 1., 
tnti tied, " Anstli«r short hymn for Whitfuntide, 
M. Michael Schtrmerst" Repeated in the Cruger- 
Ronge 0. B n 1653, Ho. 163 ; and, recently, in 
the W»5, Z. &„ 1&51, Ko, 179. It ia a lwimtiful 
K«ir Teitiment paraphrase of Is. xi. 2. The third 
stanza ia partly bued on tt. vii, of J, HMrmaWl 
** Wjr wjiien nicht, Herr Zetaoth." Tr, aa ;- 



SCHLEGEL, JOHANK ADOLF 1009 

1. D Htly Ul»J*t, 4*u«d, no prajr. This ia a 
ccmGwhat free tr. of at. j., T. r ii, r jii^ by W, H. 
Reynold!, as No. 7!>4, in tht A mar. Lttth. Gen. 
Synod's Coll^ 1650; and is repe&tad, with in. of 
St. ir., vL, vii., ndded, as No, 103, in the Ohio 
ZntS. fljf., 18*>. Tta Ohio fly, sl«o gives, as 
st. ii., a tr, of tho recast a( st. v., lyhjcli was in- 
terpolated between st. i., ii. when the hymn wa* 
(Deluded in tbt Hiimortr ff, B, t 1057. 

Ii EoT/ Spirit, enter in, This is a good (r., 
omitting st. ii,, W. t by Miss Winkworth, in her 
C. if. /or England, 1SS3, No. 70. It was re. 
pented, ns No. 244, ia th« PennaylTania Lttih. 
Church Si., 1898. Ia Dr. Thomas's Aua^ttin 
H. St., 1600, it is Nos. 4fl0, 481 ; No. 461 be- 
ginniD^, "0 mighty Rack, O sonrce of Life," 
frhict is the tr. of st, r. [J. M.] 

flohlogel, Catharinfl. ,A4n«lla Doro- 
thea, von. Little is known of thia lady. 
According to Koch, iv., p. 442, she wa» b. 
Oci 23, 1697, and was " Stiftafriulein " in the 
JcTvaDgelieal Luthenm Stift (i.e. Protestant 
nunnery} at Cothen. On applying to Cothan, 
however, the present writer wu BHnred that 
her name did not occur in the books of the 
Btift ; and from the correspondence which she 
carried on, in 175Q-52, with Heinnch Emet, 
Oouot Stolbei^ (p. («. iL), it would rather 
seem that she was a lady attached to the 
little ducal cotut nt Cothan. (us. flora Dc. 
Eduard Jaoobs, Wernigerode, &o.) Further 
details of her life it has been iuajjceeible to 
obtain. 

In tbe HuplHe rf. h ltu, of tb* O»*»<r*io L*al*r 
[•w p. 10, 110, fos, 30 and 13 in pt. 1, i Mil Hot, a, XI, 
St. 33, 13. sa, sj. in pt. II , aT e by ber. In tbe muked 
cophe, at We™ig«odt, M tb« Saa Stnmlwtg gtiit- 
liditr LUdtr, Wcmigtrodt, iTts, toe following hymns 
La tiat collection are aacrflnd U> bar, via. : — Ho*. 11, 80, 
ID. 1*S, JM, STS; 91s, 3BT, 3T3, 39$, 446, 4T0, 1)9, Ilfi, 
(SI, US, Ml, 6*8, TSt, 791. 

The only one of her hymna whioh has 
passed into English is : — 

Bcule, main WDlo, dain Ttana hilft ataaaa, Cfnti 
and CSluolation. A Sua hymn on wilting; Cur Qod. K 
appealed in 17JVL aa above, No. Aftft, In at. or A 1. : and 
la included in Knapp'a X\>. L. S, 1937, No. S3it (1IH, 
Ho. Soil). Thalr. taC. U. U^- 

■« atiUj my Mfll !— U» lard ia an thy ncto. This la a 
good tr., omitting- at. lli., by Mln B«thnlel,tn B. L. L., 
2nd Ser, 1911, p, 3ft (1S6*, p, IM). UbasbBU Incldded 
In Bp. fiyle'a OM, lsta ; Scsttiik Bit., ISti ; Oi-aadixn 
Prttb. B. Bk., 1880; CfeurcA iYaite, 1**3, and oUian, 

[J. M.] 

Schlogcd, JohanQ AdolC iu>.« *. of Dr. 
Johann Friedrich ScMegal, Appeltationarath 
at Uelseen, iu Saxony, wna b. at Meluen, 
Sept. 17, 1721. After passing through the 
ruinous school at Pforta (Schulpforta), near 
Kaumbnrg, he studied, from 1741 to 1746, at 
the University of Leipzig, where he become 
acquainted with Cramer, Gellert, and KIop- 
etcoct, and was one of tho principnl contri- 
butor* to the Bremer Beit&go {l?eue Itty* 
tr5gs ««» VtrfjxSgen diet Y-eretmutef nod 
Wtlxet). In 174t> he became a private tntor at 
Btrellln, in Saxony, and then retnniid to 
Leiuzig, where he ocenpied himself in literary 
work, until he went, in 1718, to live with hu 
friend Cramer at Crellwits, near Lutsen, He 
remained at Crollwita till 1751, when be was 
appointed * master in bis old»*chool at Pforta, 
and also tiinconna of the chinch tbere. In 
1754 he became chief pastor of the Holy 
rriaity oliurcli at Zerbit, and a!» professor 
gf Theology and )fetftpbysios in the Aoadcmis 



1010 SCHUEGJBL, JOHAtflT ADOLF 

Gymnasium in that town. He removed to 
Hannover in 1759, as pastor of tlio Martrt 
Kirche, la 17T5 ho wob rcnrovcd to the 
Neustadt Church there, as chief pauU>i\ and 
tdso as Oonsistorialrath and Supcriuteudcnt, 
While retaining hfe pastorate at Hiiniiover, 
he was nleo appointed, in 1782, as General 
Superintendent of the district of Hoya. In 
1787 lie exchanged this fur the General 
Sup< rintendcntsliip of tlio PlincipnLity of 
Kalenherg. The snme year he received the 
degrca of ixd. at the Jubilee Festival of the 
Unircraity of Goltingcn. He d., of foyer, at 
Hannover, Sopt, 1C, 1733 (Heeruxigen., i., p. 
214 ; Jfirdecs'f Lexikun, iv., j>. 521 ; Koch, vi, 
217 ; MB. from Pastor A- Kranold, Himiiover). 
Schkgel was a most proline writer, though to the 
literary world at large Iba names of liie sona, AugnsI 
rtilbglm anil FHedrlth von Scilligel, are better known. 
He was fine of the moat celebrated preachers of his time, 
and the author of many* olumes of sermons. His hymns 
suited the testa of tnc £allonalialic period, and irere 
exceedingly popular In tba end of (be Ittb cent., but 
bave now, In great measure, passed out of use. Many 
of tbem were merely polished and weakened versions of, 
or wg» founded upon, earlier hymna. la Lin strictly 
original hymns, ho dots not it ill equal aitber Gcllerl 
or Jtlopstock. Ilia byttns appeared In the following 
collectlona: — 

Ser JMnhiujuj, t*ipzitf, i?W i 2nd ed., revised Hid 
enlarged. Leipzig, 1112, (i) -Euieifc ^JfltmiKnj, Lelpilg, 
HSJ, (Sj Driib: Sannnl.nnp, Leipzig, lffi. (1) Ver. 
piiFrft&g tjedichtt, £ vols., Hannover, 11ST and 1TBB (I, 
ft 4. In »'«, *n. ; a and 2nd ed. of 1 in JTomiiurir 
iii™ni,J He edited, and contributed to, the mi ^(jjw. 
to in* Hannorer £, «„ WO, 

One of Schlegcl's hymna is a lr. of, and 
Is noted under " Ycui Creator Spiritus," 
Another is noted under aauart, G. P., No. iit. 
fp. 407, ii.^. The others which ha?o passed 
into English are :— 

1, K*i* lirillol atfahtt d« Mofgeiutarn. JJJBf 

in Gkritt. 1st pub. in 176 J, ns abora, p. 112, 
in 7 «t. *f 11 1-, and entitled, ** longing after 
union with Jesus, en the model of the old hymn, 
lYie schSn leuchtet der iflorgenstern." It is a 
recast of Nikolai's hymn (see p. BOS, li,), hut so 
thorough as to be nlmnst independent of it. It 
wis included in ZalliJtdferV G, 7?.,Ij;ij>2ig, 17S6, 
No. 404; in the Hamburg cV. £., 1643, No. 450, 
Ac. The *™. in C. U, are :— 

1. How Wjntly Imbiob the Morning- Star ! Tllil 
ie a good (r., omitting st. iv., tii., by Miei Wink- 
woi'th, in her C. 3. /or England, 1883, No. 36. 

*, Eow briffhtl^ alilnM tin Heniwf BUi i Whit 
«ya dt»iiti it from tint, A gttod tr., omitting st. 
vii., coatribnted ty J, M, Slofth td J. H, Wihoa's 
Service of ^fraiw, 18S&, Nfi. 232, and repented, 
omit ting at. iii., iv,, in Wila«D*4 iStWt^S «/ Ziot*, 
1678. Mr. Slo»n recut the (rs. of st L, ii., t., 
vi., for th« f^<r C'Aua^ /f, 5A., 1882; and this 
form 1* repeated in Church Praise, 138 J. In 
iauoVr* itanuii, N.V., 1B84, the t«rt of 18S2 is 
siren with the. added St., " Rejoica ye heavens/ 1 
from Mtroei's rariatiou of Jacobi'a tr. frem 
Nicolai (aee p. W7, ].). 

Efmna nut in £njtiiD C. V. i — 

li, £a Lt^ Ha gada* Welt, fit Aiitn Baptiit't Sajf. 
In 1T6S, IS auuvu, p. ^1, In S St. of 8 1. It Is lused on I 
hjmn by J. £1. OleHlus (b. He, 1LI, lei puo. 1664, p. 29, 
In s tt., as "Ea unr die game Welt;" and In Uurs's 
a. B., BrtsUnt, Udfl, No. 33S. The jr. from iSehleml's 
reciMle"TIie wotld eosiaT'cl to eln." By Sir. H. Millt, 
191 B, p, 193 (1816, p. 291). 

iii- fanehit ! ** 1st eiiio Kui TOtlfUUjfn. Slteping 
In. Aftfr. lot pnb. Ln tiiB rorJni^rftdt fferiuNir, vol. L, 
Hat, p. 1IH, In 3 st of ID L, dated 1JIT, md entllled, 

" Of tte uapplMM of tieimo." It li boKd on Ennlu'i 



SCHMIDT, JOHANN E. 

"Es i&l noch Bine ILnn vorhanden [p. B34 p if0. 5V. aa 
"He^oice, that rest Ie not fur distant. " Dy Jfisi Jfitrt- 
vnnten, iws, p. 8». 

It. Mela Jetu, fill Iftln Em. Ftfttiantidii. 1st pnb, 
la l)««, as above, p. fi, in u at. of 6 1. IK " How 
trjing to tire ieaxt,'" By Dr. K Stilt. 1845, p. S10 
(ISJ*, p. M»). 

r, 8ihlTlllgt BtUniu J Imoaat ukbt ihr Keen. Sna- 
ifKT. Tills is an-Oilc, 1st pnb, in tlie JVme Btytrapt, is,, 
Dremtll and Leipzig, vtil. 1., Dti (pd. itij, p. Xii), and 
entitlftd, "Fralsa of the Oudaead. On Ibe model of the 
IDilh I^Alm." In (J, C. Sturm's dfinuwhuv jwiwKsaai' 
f, , £35s ! ?(tJta'4i« ITn-fte eoJ^a Jin (far jvaiuu ifalle, 1TT6, 
p, usj, it Is reoui, and begins, " Bund urn mleb. ber isl 
nitht ale Freude/'and tliia form ts In the Hamburg 
d. B., lais, Ko. mi. It is tr, as, << Amund me nil ia Joy 
^-aud on, my God." By JKat Fry, 1*69, p. 111. 

ii, Tac, dirBiUiwlitTLnenEi gebtaeuL U'Mmncitis. 
lit sub, in Jtes, as above, p. 4:, In 9 st. ln some col- 
lediona, as in <Jie Kopennogcn s. n., 1T82, No. 131, It 
beglDB *' Tar, der 11ns See ValeJi Ratli. J ' This Is It. 
as "0 day [ ibat bust unto our souls set forth." By 
Mitt Fry, 1SS», n. 9*. [J, M,] 

BchloaBer, Lud-wig Heinrlcll. [Hen- 
mtUtaf, I„ Me, iiL, p. 797, ii.] 

Bchmidt, Joiann Etusebiue, s, of 
Johann Jakob Bohmidt, pastor at HalieuM- 
den, near Erfurt, was b. at Hohenfclden, Jail 
12, lfi70. He iCutriouJated at the University 
of Jens, in the antunui of 1688, and in NMH 
went to Erfurt to Attend lecture hy Breit- 
liaupt Mid Fmncte. Part of 1692 he spent in 
travelling in North Getmaiiy, and during the 
yenra 1603-96 he wa» mnetly employed in pri- 
T&to tuition at Ootha, On tho 12th &. nftet 
TrioiW, 1G97 ( he begot work at Siobltiboa, 
near Gotha, as substitute (cnrftto in charge), 
aud on the 4tli S. in Advent, 1698, as pastor 
thero. Ha d. at Sieblchcn, Dec, 25, 1745, 
with the character rf ri An edifying tcsohor in 
hin parish, a good example to his flock, and a 
methodical man in his oifloo." {G. ft. Briiek- 
ner'B Kinlwtt tmd Schiilfnsiiiai, \o\. iii. pt. ir. 
p. 59, Qotha, 1761, *c). 

Scbmldt'o hymns wotb contributed to FtoylLrLgljau.- 
kh's (Mitr'tcte* Q, R* 1T04, and JftMj Oriitreidia 
Q, B; ill*. In the latter Frcyliogbauaen prints m a 
supplement (Zugibe) 11 w-callod "Fnlnis for Fasti* 
vala," being; compaaftlona in Oda at PbjIiu fotjll and 
nnrhymed, TEmarking In bii prefuc thst tlio iutllut of 
IhEja (I.e. Scbmidt), hid written abuilar mmpjaititfla 
far u|l tbs Snnd&ya In the year. Of bll LyiUM In 
rhj-me fa, let pnb. 1W ; n, 1st pub. nu\ seme bavo 
attained considerable popularity, being or modarate 
length, good in style, though tfUl and lutGraating. 

Of Schmidt's hymns those which hnvo 
passed into English are : — 

1, £> lit mUbnoht : nifin (a nloht, ratrfi/ittiit, 
This bynui on "Ilia unlabed, 1 st aopeared in 11 14 ta 
above, Ho. 11 In * at, or j I, Included a^ Mo. at la tbs 
Ukd. L. S., 1841, The in In C. U. arc f— 

1, All ii fuMn'd-my beart, weeri, By A, T. 
Russell, omitting at. Iv., vL, ta Be. 100 In nk Pi, 4 
Byt., i6tl. 

t. 'Til Aniebed : Q fkooiu wvrd, A full but rather 
free tr. by Dr. Kenuedy, In bis JlVnn. Christ., 14AJ, 
TopHtBd, onilttiiurpt. li., vL.In Reld'a FTftite Bk.. 1613. 

ii, ErhebadanHamn, der AUtt in Allen, Thanks- 

fiuina. 1st pnb. 1114 as aboTe. No, HO, In i el, of a I, 
deluded III Ktlipp'i fu, L, S„ 1651 and 1S(S, IV, aa, 
"Tbo praise? of mm who Is Srace's Dlapenser," Thla 
Is He. asp Inpt, i. of the jannntfon //. life., imi. 
ill, lahit we, ^hie ibrt. fnieV^rit. FotumIhI 

OTI Chrlat'i messages lo the Saron Clillfcbf* in Asia. 1st 
pub, 1101 aa above. No. Ml, In T rt. of T 1. In tbe Unit. 
I, S-, 1BS1, Ho, 223. Tbs tr;. sto i— . 

(11 » Hasten on, baaten on,'" by Silas Bnlfihghanl, In 
tbe ttritilbBcratd, iSept. latB, p. 143, and lteiil'S ^YHits 
Jt„ l«a. (11 "Hold thy Courae," bT E. Unlit, 1BS1, 

Lai . f s) " Oimiard go, onward go," by JV. i. Pr/jtiiing- 
m, l*fl, p. 2S8. 

It, 0ekmazi(t«r ! mein Bierse Kflcht JWfiioBride. 
1st pub- till *a above, ]^0- 15, In ( Bt.of S !. In Bnrg'ft 
il, Br. Breslau, 11J8, Ha r Its. The trt. am :— 
(1) " Christ ojutlfyd ; my Bool Uj- Psith I»esirea," hj 



SCIIMOLCK, BENJAMIN 

the Itepp. to oet. Fttllmtnltj, ed. ITU. p. 33, (S) " Christ 
grnciij'ii, u>y *aul by faith, Willi," as No. 424, tared. 
«n the earlier d .1 iA the J&rorcuui A iflfc,, 17B9 (188ft, 
Ho. 950). 

r. Jem d*r dn Slit. JSufer. 3d. pub. 17*4 as 
aboia, No. fit], In ft & ot (i L, restated in the Heim- 
biit 0. 9.. I73S, Nu. 121 fj-. is "0 Je*u, Triut now 
im," h Ho. in in pt. L of the JThwuir H. Bk., iiu. 

[J". M.] 

Schmolok, Benjamin, 5. of Martin 
Schmolek, or Schmoloke, Lutheran pastor at 
Branchitzchdorf, near Liegnitz in Silesia, was 
b. at BrauctetBchdorf, Dec 21, 1672. He en- 
tered tile Gymnasium at L&ubkn in lfiSS, and 
spent live years there. After his return homo 
he preached for his father a sermon which so 
struck the patron, of the living that ho made 
Benjamin an allowance for three years to en- 
able him to study theology. He tnatricuMed, 
at Michaidrnns, 1698, at the University of 
Leipzig, whore he came under the influence 
of J. Olewius, J, B. Carpzov, and others, and 
throughout his lifo retained the diameter of 
their teachings vis. a warm and living practi- 
cal Christianity, but Ohurohly in tone and not 
Fietistic, In the autumn of 1697, after complet- 
ing hU studies at Leipzig (during his last year 
there he supported himself mainly by the pro- 
ceeds of occasional poems written far wealthy 
citizens, for which he wits also, crowned as a 
poet), ho returned to Br&nckitaabdcrf to help 
his father, and, In 1701, was ordained 1 as his 
assistant On Feb. 12, 1702, he married Anna 
Bosnia, dan. of Ghrbitoph Behwald, merchant 
in Laubm (see No. xvii.Tbelow) ; and in the end 
of the same year was appointed diaconus of the 
Friedenakirche at Sobweidnitz in Silesia. As 
the result or tho Oonuter-Beformation in 
Silesia, the churches in the principality of 
Schweidnltx had been taken from the Lu- 
therans, and for the whole district tho Peace 
of Westphalia (1<S4B) allowed only one church 
(and that only of timber and clay, without 
tower or bells), which the Lutherans had to 
build at BchweidnitE, outside tho walls of the 
town ; and the three clergy attached to this 
eluirah had to minister to a population scat- 
tered over some thirt.i-sLt villages, and were 
moreover hampered by many restrictions, e^g. 
being unable to communicate a sick person 
without a permit from the local Roman Catholic 
priest. Here Schmolck remained till the close 
of his life, becoming in 1703 archidiaconus, in 
1712 senior, and in 1714 pastor primnrius and 
inspector, Probably ■» tho result of his ex- 
hausting labours be had a stroke of paralysis 
on Laetare (Mid-Lent) Sunday, 1790, -which 
for a time laid him aside altogether, and after 
which he never recovered the use of his right 
hand. For five years more he was stUl able 
to officiate, preaching for the last time on a 
Faetday in 1735. But two more strokes of 
paralysis; followed, and then cataract came on, 
relieved for n time by a successful operation, 
but returning again incurably. For the last 
months, of his life ho was confined to bed, till 
the message Of release came to him, on tlio 
anniversary of his wedding, Feb. 12, 1737. 
(Eoth, v. 463 : Bode, p. 14* ; Goedeke's Grand- 
ria, vol. iii., 1887, p. 306; sketch prefixed to 
Lcdderhose'a ed. of Schmolck's Geitlliche 
Littler, Halle, 1857, &c.) 

Schmaick was well known in his own dis- 
trict as a popular and useful preacher, a dUi- 



tKJHMOLOK, BENJAMIN 10H 

pent pastor, and a man of wonderful tact and 
discretion. It was hownver his devotional 
books, and the original hymns therein con- 
tained, that brought him in to wider popularity, 
and curried his name and fame all over Get- 
many. Long lists of his works and of tha 
various editions through which many of them 
passed are given by Koclt, Bode and Goedeke. 
It is, rather difficult to trace tho hymns, as 
they are copied from ono book of his into 
another, &o. The most important books wbioh 
are the first sources of his hymns are the 
following; — 

(1) Hzilipe flannniM» der kamatitdi-gttiitttUn Seels, 
fte. Of thai the lit crl. bmida to have Appeaf&i At 
Strltfsu, in 17(M, -with 60 hymns; tho 2nd, la I T05, with 
10* ; the 3rd, in INK, vtih lift. The earUeit w« have 
teen iblo » find (tre ■ nlc&»d ed. nfitot, and the Jth ed,, 
it GOrllti snd Lantimi, 1T<!9, [Botn In ltoyal Ubrery. 
Bflrlta.] This km hla mrnt popular book, mil ™sscd 
threogii is sds. In Us lifetime, (s) Dtr tuHii/t sdbtxuh, 
in dm* SiUlA ill £1071, mil JttiUaen LietUm flfftyal, Sea, 
Jvwr Mia S^bwoldnlto. HIS [Berlin Library]. fi> Dai 
in gtbttHdeneiiSeitftent wit mit KtfntndOK AR&tehlige 
Herite, be., Brukti amlLltgiiiti, 1714 [lleTUn Lltnutrr]. 
Sail ed.erutrwd, 171S. (ii Sines andiKfctiffenllttruan 
Slkamek unii Ascht, lit cd., ippirenllj 171s ; lui fti, 
Br«luiuid Lkeniti, 1717, 1b in Berlin. (6) fitiitiichtr 
Wander-Stab da SuaritisdtOi Pifgrimt, fee, SdiKaU- 
nltz and Jiaer, 1717 [B«lui LibreryJ. (6) fr-euJits-Bcl 
m* nuuriffkfit, kc.^Sm\au utd LuEjiltl, IT30 [flftrliq 
LUmrj]. (7 ) JbftAn KltvXer mr cinra i«(ru£jen etiit, 
be, Breslsc and Llenilti, 17S3 [Berlin Lilmryl m 
Mars and .tfamm, fie, flreslau and Lt«gnJii, 173$ 
[EtrUn Library!- (41 BtxAm mid ^Sfr*, bis., Bf«ol w 
and Llegnlti, 1731 [Merlin LibTsrr and Bth. Mug J 
(10) l>er jKiitlfcAe i'ircJim-tX'"'* 41 ''*. **-. Sthwaidnlti, 
iras (Brit. Mua. and Qc^tlnsen Lionuyjl. (11^ Clajw 
«i«f JCiijfift, ttc, Bceebii *nd Llegniti, m. b., 1TS( 
[Bnlla Library]. Tie cofltents of tnesa, md of his 
mii»erso» otter works, ere eoUecsed ta his a™(i(f*t 
Trail- ttni fiuittreWie iSSAi^JKai, fto„ 2 vols., Tubingen, 
1738UML 1740 (later ed.datt? 1710 anil ltei). SelecUous 
have bean recently ed. by Llldmle Gnjlm (LeljKjgj Isbii 
and by JL F, Ledderlm^, U Above. 

Sfllimolck was Uiemost popular hymn- writer 
of his time, and was hailed as the " Bilesian 
Bist," aa the "second 1 G^rhardt," Ac. Nor wag 
he altogether unworthy of such praise. It is 
true that he did not possess tho soaring genius 
of Gerhardt. Nor had he even Gerhard! s con- 
cise, simple style, but Instead was too fond 
of high-eoundinu; expressions, of plays upon 
words, of far-fetched out often recurring con- 
trasts, and in general of straining after effect, 
especially in the pieces written in his later 
years. In fact he wrote a great deal too much, 
and latterly nilhout proper attention (0 con- 
centration or to proportion. Besides Cantatas, 
occasional pieces for weddings, funerals, &c, 
he is tho author of some BOO hymns, properly 
so called. These were written for all sorts of 
occasions, and range over the whole field of 
churchly, family, and individual life. Natur- 
ally they arc not nil alike good ; and those In 
his first three collections are decidedly the 
bwt* A doep and genuine personal religion, 
and a fervent love to the Saviour, inspirB bis 
best hymns ; and as they are not simply thought 
oat but fidt, thoy come from the heart to the 
heart Tbc best of them are also written in 
a elear, flowing, forcible, natural, popular 
style, and abound in sententious sayings, easily 
to be remembered. Even of these many are, 
however, mere suited for family use than for 
public worship-. Nevertheless they very soon 
cams Into extensive use, not only in Silesia, 
but nil over Germany. Thus, for example, in 
the Hannover G. S,, 1740, and the Luneburg 



1012 SCII1IOLOK, BENJAMIN 

G. B„ 1707, there are 73 by 9<:Iii)Kilck, In Ihc 
AtKtere Theil, 172S, of tilts Gotha G. D., there 
are 296, and tbe- Aipue jlniaRn, eirea 17M2, lias 
j5 more; m that in tbe ooinplote book, nn loss 
than 301, out of 1360, aro by him. In tho 
recent German hymn-books many still remain ; 
nnd the Berlin & i. S., ed. 166S, so often 
referred to in this Dictionary, baa in all 1H 
of liia liymiiB, 

A number of ScllBlolck'B. hymns are anno- 
tated under their original first lines (sl-c Index 
of Author* nod translator*). The othei b which 
have* pnsaed into English are : — 

I, Dor beats Fngni i*t in dim Humuel. Zom 
0/ 7<?suj. 1st pub. In Ilia Reititfe Fkmtmcn (ed. 
1709, p. 100), in 6 st.of 6 1., entitled " The bast 
Friend." In the Berlin G. L. 8,, ed. 1S63, 
No. 788. Tho tr. in C. U. is :— 

A faiiafat friend 1* wilting yo&dor. This is a 
good fr. f omitting at, v., as No. 283, in.A'tmnea'y, 
ISO 3, 

II, Die Woche gilt nm Enite, jSifmffe^ £npt- 
i>t^, la his Andiichtiije Utrtie, 1714, p. LIS, in 
10 St. of 8 ],, entitled "Evening Hymn," n&4 
appointed far Evening Prayer on §aturda?. la 
the Berlin Q. L. 8., ed. 189&, So, 1 lie. JV. a* s — 

Tho «Mk lum IBM' its enAma;. This Is u OfOfcd 
tr, of at. L, vi., vii,, i., marked as hy ".*. O.," 
as Ho, SI in the Dalston Hospital Si. M., 1348. 

Other t»- an : (1) ■' Though now its week in ending," 
by H, J* nucleoli, IB+a, p. 107. (3) "The week it length 
to ever," by Mitt Msmi-ngton, leea, p. ut. 

iii. Gett du blat ulb*t die Lithe. JA)f^ Jfoiri- 
mon^. In his Scimiici htid( yljAfc, 1717, p, 349, 
la *t, of 8 l. s entitled " Marriage Hymn " ; 
and »o in his IVajHJfersidi, 1717, p. 70. In the 
Berlin 9, L. 8,, ed. 1863, No. 1407. 2r. as :— 

God, Who ill prniaeat, This h a good (j\, 
omitting st. iii., by J, M. Sloan, as No. 313 iu 
J. H. Wilson's Sorviea of Prttise, 1665. 

it. Halltlujal Jesua bat -Easirr. In his 
.Bocitm wnd JJfi'm, 1731, p. 67, in 5 st- of 6 1., 
entitled " Hallelujah ! at the grave of Jesus." In 
the Berlin Q. L. &, ed. 1863, Ho. 2136. T>: at :— 

Hallebnali ! Id, Ha waAee, By K. Cronenwett, 
omitting st, it., as No. 70 in the Ohio Lath. Hyi., 
I860. 

Another tr- ii r " Hsllelujoli ! Jesus Uvea ] Lift. im- 
mortal We. He glvet," This a A fall and good h-., by 
JKii IV'anuT, 1S6B, p. US, labelled in the XV«(b>? q/ 
^pxrtd song, Klrtwill, ^n. 

t. Henlfl mjr nod aTmg«ii dlr, JlineroJ Mymn. 
Ih Hia $c£mufit unrf AscAe, 1717, p. 252, in 6 st. 
of 8 1., entitled " Daily Dying "; 11. 1, 6 of each 
H* being identical. So in hU Wandtntal), 1717, 
p. 66. In Burg's <?. A, Bresliu, 17«, No. 1010. 
The (t. in C. U. is :— 

lo-tay mite, to-nwrrow tlin*. Thia Is a good 
nntt full tr., by W lis Warner, in her Hys, of tie 
Ckarch Militant, 1668, [\ £S0; repeated in Bp. 
Ryle's Colt., 1666. 

Ti, h pBMM &VVZ, jo fllthir Hliuiiol. CWli 
and Consufnii/fl. In his JiKiie?iii'3e Herlsc, 1714, 
p. 273, in 9 st. of 6 1., entitled " Hymn of Crora 
ind Consolation." In the Berlin G. L. S., ed. 
1863, No. 1233. By its sententioiuness unU its 
manifold illustrations of tho powtr of the data 
it has been a favourite with many. Tr. as : — 

1, Onittr the Cro*f, tho iwrii heaT«A, Thia hi 
a good tr., omitting at. ii., iii., in the Dalston 
Hoapital Jf. £&., 1348. In Sacred Lyrics from 
the German, Philadelphia, U.S., lSoS, p. 133, it 
ii marked as hy "J. J. Gnmey," hut upon what 
anthority ire knew not, 



SCHMOLCK. BENJAMIN 

C. The more tho emus, tho noanr heaven, By 
Miss Warner, in hor Hys. of the Church Militmi, 
I60B, p. 233, rotated iu Bp. Kyle's CM., lSfliJ. 

Aiodur tr. ia ! " Tho heavier the croq. tho nurtr 
baavcQ," Tij j - B- Buma. in the Fnmiljf SVauwry, 1659, 
p. led (iTnnDir and Vteoiauii, lfitfS. p. £4£),'Tepeated iu 
the St haff-Qilmui {.it. e/ firi. Porirj, od. leas, p. 7ts, 
altered acd beginning, Ll HeiTter the crasi," 

mi. Joinu »U die Luuai; mIe. JSsio Ffnr. In 
hii Jfara uitrf JTajuw, 1726, p. 201, in 9 it. of 
8 1., entitled "Jean's Name for the New Year, 
1725." In the Berlin G. L. 3., ed. 1883, No. 1&9 ( 
st. i.-iv. are giren, with an added st. as it. iii 
The tr. in C. U. is:— 

Jaaui. ahall the watahmid ho, This ia a good 
tr t of st. i.-iv., by J. D. Bnrns, in his JftwJtV 
aad Jf«inaitu, 1389, p. S62 ; ropeated (reading 
shall ow) in the Ohio itrfA. .fly,, 1660. 

Anothor tr. ia: "Jean's nunc thull bo out-sHth- 
word," by J. Kelly, In lh« JUmiiji Tjuamry, 1 9C9, p. te J. 

TlU. Lieht vom Idehti erumohte mlch, Sunday 
Morning, This line hymn appeared in his -An- 
iiJ«St+jti Ifertzt, 17 li, p. 19, in 7 et. of 6 1., 
entitled " Morning Hymn," as one nf the hymns 
for Molniug J'rsyer on Son4»yt. In the Berlin 
G. L. S., ed. 1S63, No. 1061. Tr. as:— 

Lia-kt rf 14^at, olujlitw mo. This is a very 
good tr., omitting st, vii., by Hiss Winkworth, 
In her Lyra Off., 2nd Bar,, 1358, p. 56, and 
thenca in her C. B. far England, 1663, No. 17. 
Repeated, in full, in A'enimdy, 1663 ; Ba.pt, !fyf. t 
187&, and othei'a, and in America in the Penn- 
sylvania Latfi, ChurcA Bi,, 13&6; Dutch K(f, 
Hyt. of the Chvrch, I860 ; Jr&s*. Hyl., I674 r &c \ 
and, abridged, In various collaotions, 

Other tra, an: (1) "Light of Light I iUnmlne me," 
W H. J. Bv/tlsAl, \Ai% p. a. (2) " thou blessed Light 
of Liaht," bj- Mill Imitn, 18S1, p. It. 

is, Xriooo Jeaom laaa ieb. nlnht, Aeh ni wollt 
ieh beaares huben, LoVt to Christ. Is his Heiiige 
Ftamtiutt (ed. 1707, p. 7 ; ed. 1709, p. 10), in 
8 st. of 6 L, entitled " The constant faithfulness 
of Jesus." The initial letters of the various 
lines give the name "Maria Helena von Huh. 
berg, gebahrene Freiin von Biebraua." In tho 
Berlin G. L. &, ed. 1863, No. 818. Tr. as:— 

Til Trtth Itwat mm put, Thia is a tr. of at, 
i., ii., iv., as st. iii.-v. of No. 378 in the Mora- 
vian II. Bk., 1789. In the ed. of 1886, No. 452 
{sea p. 611, i,), the part from Sehtnolck hagiitE, 
"He is mine and I am His " (the tr. of st. ii.). 

Anallur tr. ia : "I'll not leave Josua— jmtct, never," 
by Jfiia Warner, 13tS, p. SOI. 

i, Mtia Oett, 1th mdaa wohl daaa ka atarho. 
for the Dying. This teems to have first appeared 
in the 9th *d. 0. 1700, of tho Breslau Vofktan- 
dige SircAcn- Witt Jfaut-MtDic, p. 805. Also in 
Sthmnlci'i Utilise Fitrituiien. (ei|, 1707, p. 74 ; 
od. 1709, p. 199J, in S st. of £ 1., entitled "Daily 
Thoughts on Death." Included in the Berlin 
G. t„ £., ed. 1B63, No. 1478. 3V. as :— 

Hy &ml ! I kilttr thit I irnlit Ho, £y meital, 
This is a good and full tr. by Mrs. Findlater, In 
H. L. £., 1st Ser., 1854, p. 3y (1S64, P- *1), re- 
peated in Boardrnhn'* ^i,, PhiMelphta, U. S., 
1861 ; Pennsylvania Luih. Church £t, 1868, and 
Holy ^oty, 188fl. 

(Hhar tr*. an: (1) « That I shall die fall well lknow," 
by Dt. II. Xiill, 18+6 (18S*. p. 233). (?) "My Ond ! I 
knew fall well that I lnnstdie," by Mil Wttmtr, lata, 
p. a**. (»\ " My God, I ktiOW that 1 muatdle ; I know," 
by <;. MoulMe, in hie EspGtiitfli o/ S, itoruUw^, 1STO, 

xi. Kedn Toana JuHi ws» aoll loh rterlwi. 
£cuhr. In bis i&Uige Ftmtmcn (ed. 1707, p. 40; 



eCHMOLCK, BENJAMiN 

«d. 1709, p. 78), in 4 st. of 6 1 , entitled "The 
Christian livine; with Jesus." In the Berlin 
0. Z» S-, ed. 1S63, No, 312. 2V, as :— 

Wj Sawuw Ji-iw ; I shall net perish. This is a 
good Jr. by A, T, Russell, omitting st. ii., as No. 
115, in his fs. f J/jfs., IBM ; slightly altered in 
Afiwrfy, 188S, 

xil. w» fttfUish, o -vie «%. Mt&iust Life. 
In hi* JWw* trtKi JWiutttxr, 1726, p. 3U, in 8 st. 
of B I., entitled " The best lot in God's hinds." In 
the Berlin O. L, &, ed. 1B63, He. 718. TV*, as :— 

Oh haw joyoB*, en hew bleated. This is a. good 
tr. of st, L, v,, viii, by A. T. Russell, ss No, i?$2, 
in his J 1 *. ^ Jfya^ IBM. 

iutkv tr, i»: "OL, how blurt beyond our Wiling," 
This Is In th* SritiA BerttW, Nov., 1*66, p. 36e j K- 
pested in Bald's frowe Jt, 1SB. It Is from - wfe 
nnansspnchllch Mile," a recant, probably by J. S. Dlle- 
rtcli, is N*. 13S, in the Berlin (7. B., 176«, in » st. 

XUL Bahmiialtt da* Test nit Maian. Whitsuntide. 
In hu induenits* HtrUte, 1714, p. 246, in 9 st. 
of 10 ]., entitled " Hynin for Whitsuntide," In 
the Berlin 0. i. £, ed. 1863, Ho. »72. Tr, as :— 

Done, deck our fast to-day. By Hiss Wink- 
worth, omitting st. iv,, in her Lyra Ger*, 1st 
Str., 1855, p. 110. Abridged and recast In Ityi, 
ef the tfyirit, Boston, U. Si, 1864, Mo. 386. 

sIt. tirt nrir sari tit nbW Pfcrte. Sunday* 
In his Jf»rA«»-Sf/aAri^ 1782, p. 47, in 7 st. of 
6 L, entitled "Appearing before God" (in hi* 
A%* Wtti Aetyen, 17S4, p. 89, entitled "The 
first *tep into the Churab. "). In the Berlin 
6. L. 8., ed. 1863, No. 1381. JV. as :— 

1. Open nor thy gates of beauty, This is n good 
ir., omitting it. iii., vii., by Miso Winkworth, in 
her C. #. /or Lfigland, 1803, No. 15. Jiejieated, 
generally in full, in Dr. Thomas's jlujjusttn? Jf. 
J*., 1866: Sea Cong. If. 3k. Suppl., 1874; 
Herder's Cong. Nyt., 18S4; nnd in America in 
the Pennsylvania Lvih, OiVrch Bi-, 18S8; Evtota. 
Hvl., H. T., 1880 ; Lawk* Domini, 1884. 

I. 0p«i wiio flu j»te* tt bttutj. This is 4 jr. 
of it. i., ii., if., Tl.-vii^ by H. I.. Hustings, dated 
1889, to No. 1476, in his Saags of Pilgrimage, 
138S. 

Aootlui tr, I> : "TtirQf"thaEloriQii»B'tesvrld«epen," 
by Jfit* ifflnifi^it. lsflj, p, us, 

». Veino Eieht, Oott lebot notb. Cr&w and 
Consolation. In his Heiiigi Plammen (ed, 1709, 
p. 144), in 7 st. of 8 )., entitled "A little hand' 
kerchief for tears." Fonnded on St. Lute vii. 13. 
Tn the Berlin G. L. 8., ed. 1&S3, No. 1327. Tr. 
a»: — 

V«j not, — Jen* liT*s on hhja. By Mrs. Find' 
later, omitting st, iii-, in H.L. L., 1st Ser. 1854, 
p. 13 i rajMated in Bp. Byle'e Celt., 1860. 

JLoAthiu tr. Is: "Weep rot, flic Oat, cur Cod, doth 
llvs," by Br, X. J/agutrt, i*b3, p. ». 

cri. "Willkoninon, H"hl im Bbeit*. Easter. 
In his Lvsligt Sabbath, 1713, p. 9,% in 12 st. of 
4 1., entitled "Esster TTinmphtl Arch. At 
Midday on Esster Day." In Burg's d, B., Bres- 
Ibu, 174tt, Ko. 627. The tr. in C. U. U :— 

Wolwraw Tkm ™btr In tb* strUi. This is a 
good ir., omitting it, ii.— iv., Iby Mikj Winktrerth, 
in her Lyra Ger., 1st Ser., 1856, p. 91 (C.B.for 
England 189S, No, fli, omitting the trs. of rt. 
T, TiiL, ii.). It tt'ftt included, in full, in the 
Jjidpij, Hyi, t N. Y,, 1S8<3, and, abridged, in thfl 
PennsylvanJa ZuJA. Chwch Si., 1SU8; Btipt. 
iSirnuw 0/ Sobj, 1871, and others. The trs. of 
et, vi, yuI., altered ami oeginning, " The dwell- 
ings of the free resound " (and with three at. 
not from the German, add«d), are included as 



SCHMOLCK, BENJAMIN 1013 

No, 263 in the //j/j. of tie Spirit, Boston, II, S, 
1B64, as a " Hymn of Peace." 

Hynme not jn Eoglish C. V. :— 

nii. Aoh inaa leh oi^L, taoin (Jott, murhabs. Jjivt 
te Gai. Founded on Pa. luiii, 55, », In his Stiiift 
fTtmnutt (ed. 1 JO?, p. S» ; ed, 1I5B, p. 4S\ in 3 at. of sT„ 
sad rVjret'e a. B. t ed. ia6S, Ko. 543. Tbefnii£>l Mten 
of Ulft Virions lines form the Mine "Anna Ruin* 
Kefo nsldlu." Tr. is " My OdiI, If I poMta Dm Tiee," 
1>T <J. Moullrlft. in hilt EtsoutaU 0/ S. IrorolbaL, 18T0, 

jtrilL An Out* -will ivh ndenJcuL Eanemttring 
Ifsd't IflM and &rr*. In Jfl» Jiriftj-j Jianncn (ed. 
not, p. U; ei. 1TW. v, 131), tn ( sL of 6 I., hkJ Buw's 
f. A, BtebI»u, its*. So, jib, Tr. as « My Uod will I 
remember," ty J, Kelly. In the fHn% JVninnrji, ibsb. 

xq, 6tr Susata itt vngangen. AiHdov Jtwmno. 
InM4^K 4 i*rWiiJtflir(i;,lIl+. c. SS, In sat. if* L, and 
Ibe Berlin 0. i. S., ed. IBM, Ho. His. Tr. ss "The. 
Sabbath now is oTer," by_ Dr. H. Mitlt, 1B6S, p. 116. 

xx. Kn Kujeaislimer lag. liVBiiaj. Is tin iiuHot 
SaWxiH, lHu, p. 1, In s sl of G I. Tr. ai "TbOB « rr 
irelcoma d«j," by J. Kelly, In the ftimUy Mnun, 
ibsb, p. eaa. 

jjj. Kn A li c l i, tniliolh maw « iooa, OsnafuKTbn- 
tuia'uiFt. in bis AWttyt ^Tgqnittot (ed. ID J, p. 99\ In 
trt.rfi L. and£argfs 0. *., SusImi. H^S.Kd. his. 
Ifr- m " Te«, lit Isstk oor G«) sball mikt.'in the Chrif- 
titr* Pzamiw, Beet™. DA. S»pt„ I860, p. SSi. 

nlL QvdHLk* Bula, uefn Oott, (M>aae nuin, Ar 
tic Oyiua, In his flWKjw Jjflminet (ed. 170*, p. iso), 
in o el. otfl. It lnaoanTersatlon hetween tbesimlsnd 
Jesus 1 st. lx. being for the bereaved. In the Berlin Ct, 
I, S„ ed. lasa, Ho, i«s. re. *s n B*n>amiieT mi, my 
God ! remember me," hy lllss Bonhitick, in B, i. L., 
1861, p. a (1SS4, n, iii. 

EEUL Oib, imflar Ltdb, tn diinar Soh- Battling . In 
his Wamfcrifa*, 1111, p. 50, In i el. of 1 l^andKuapp'B 
£el L. K, 143T and JSSS. 3Y. aq "Oo, aejrkd hody, to 
thy rtat," by J. KeHy, in the Famit:/ Trtotwp. ls«B. 

ijut, ffttt 4u fadtn, Ottt du BTalaen, SsjAaity. 
In bi» Ltutige SsUxUA, If 12. p. K. la 10 it. of 6I.,*nd 
Burs* C. fi r ,Breslsu, H4S, H.),*ij4. *Tr. u "King, to 
Jens and Gcnlilsi given," by Dr. IT. Jn'Ui, lets. 

nr. Ctott labtr "vie kaaa uh tzanns; ■eia, IViut in 
Cat. In his Jfttlijf! J?ta!smtR (rd. ltd!, p. 63; ed, lios, 
p. 114), In S st. of 8 1., and the Berlin O, I.. &:, ed. 1»*3; 
No. 6*1, rr, as "Ood Uvea! Csn 1 despair," by Jtia 
ITkiriMr, 1B6), p. J4, , 

ni Oott nit una, r " l """ J Jft« riBr. lb his 
£in« lifld Aef^eii, 1734, p. ass, in t el. of « L, and 
the Berlin tv. i, &., ed. 18*3, No. 193. n. u " (rod vltb 
us i Immanuel, Open w Ech die yea before ut," by IJr. Ii, 
P. Dunn, In Ssere* Lyiiti frtm Vie Curman, Pkllsdel- 
pbla, U.S., l»s», p. iso. 

ixtU. Hi« 1st Inuasnnel! JTew Tear. In his 
&amuct «m( Jtti*. itit, p. 333, In e tt. of * I, and 
the Berlin <?, /- £., ed. IBIU, No. lae, Tr. ss ■< Hera is 
Inmumuel I " byjfiu Mafitoitftr/n, istl, p. 21. 

uTiiL BuM,Bn\for r hili! Ich uuss vnraaijvn. Oosi 
anil CrnUatvtum, In his Hciligt FttS/amra (ed, 1J0J, 
p. 195)1 in s b|. of 6 1., end IJutb's O. B., Brealsu, U*e. 
Ho, 1 iis, Tr, ss " Help, eayimir, help, 1 stnlf, I die," In 
Ibe Mtmaiy I'udtd, vol. 1^111,, isso, p, 95*. 

nil. IbI Lube luMt en Beholden. Pur Hie lying. In 
his Saligc FiiauttBi (ed. 1 TOT, p. 81; «d. Ho4, p. laf), 
in s rt, of « 1.. entitled "Tntnment." founded on 
Meditation lie**, ion tie last Will of a ChrliUui>,ln 
Dr. H. MUller's BrqiiicJatiiTuie*. la th* Berlin D. L. S, 
cd, 1BB3, Mo. less. IV, as "Weary, waiting to de- 
part," by Mra. rlndlatsr, IfL «. /,. i„ 191 1, p. 3S (1B61, 
p. ia«: mMomfited); and thence In the SchuT-<illniaa 
Tjib. of RA. PMtry. ed, 1BB3, p. 8T3. 

xxx. Ich starb* tXaUcb, und meia Idbra. Jar He 
Dying. In his ^vwufcii- m, itai. p, a*, in » et, of « I, , 
entitled "Mournful thoughto on sudden death. H. A. 
V, K. A, L," (perhtj)" for Henog Aagmst -ran Sachaen, 
Albertlnl<Kb« Link). In the BeTlln (/. L. S., ad. issa, 
Ko, MS*. Tr* >s " Both Hie and death sre kept by 
Tlieo " (st, lr,), by J. Kelly, In the .KiuiiJy lytsimy, 

19(9, p. EBB. 

nil. Xein fhtt, dn but blch auualadafl, jfunday. 

In hia I.nttigt. Sabbath, 1T11, p. 3S», fa 6 St, of Sl„ and 
the Berlin G. L, S. t ed, 13113. No. 108S. fj-. is "My 
God, Thou halt the Invlt* given," by Mia ,1/(!»l«j)t<Ml, 
UMi, p. ISO. 

XXXll, Kda Ottt ! du wojnut in euunn lights, JSiJjl 
AS-n'jrfui'^ In lila JCToov and Aciattt, lT*t, p. 11, III 
10 Ht. of a I. The tr, is from the lesasf, probably by J. 
S. tfii?Tioh, hcinniny " Msin (iou t All ivolmesl IWST 
im Uehte," as No. 110, In the Horlin (,', *,, 176H. end In 
T st, 3V. an "la glory briuhl, O God, Thou dwellest,* 

by Dr. if. Xillt, isu yase, p. 10). 



1014 



BCHMttOKE D1CH 



miii. JTeia ftott, id klojf an deine Fforte, d?u/j- 
plirarton. In hie SJfeiligt J'JumfcK'j! (ftd. UsT, p. S3 ; 0,1. 

no*, p, ISO), in jo si. uf Gi„ and the Berlin y. i, A'„ 

ed. 1S63, No, Hi. 'the tr. is [fOin the recast, probably 
by J. &. iMtorioh, btftiTiTi I mt " Wer kiiin, Uotf, Je was 
Gates hiben " (st. ii. sltmed), Itl Hie Berlin <?. #., 176.% 
H«. nu, ami in ii st. In the. Swam. «. Ji-, l*it, No. 54o, 
II begmi "Uott, xtt katin Jc," 17. a* "Who, Lord, 
ha* any good whatever," 1)J Dr. H. Mills, i»Ji, p. Si. 

niii, Mnjin Bott, main All**, iilj*r Allei, aVli« Yfl 
Cud. In his Ihiliffe FZanliitr.n (oil. 1703, p. lot), in 6 SL 
of ( t., and tin? lierlm 6'. i. i'.. Oil. 1&43, No. 341, SoiuC- 
Umea pven jib "nleln Oott, m*in Elites mid moja 
Allea." TV, as " Jriy Qui! the fcoam* (if all iny blM*- 
Ing/' In (lie Hyitfih, Ilenlltl, August, ]S6G, p. 313 ; re- 
peated In Eekl's r™«> lift„ i»t2, 

xxxr, H«in Gott, will itl In msinam labon. Tfte 
CArirtian £i/e. In his Jftopetntil Hetpai, 173*, p. 14, 
in 10 it. of 6 [., aa one r>t Ibe Morel Hymns on the First 
Table of the Law (Fiist Commandment}. In the Berlin 
C. Li ff., ed- ussi. So. lit. The (r. is from lbs rmsm, 
probably by J. S, Diterkh, befltrnilfnE *' Vor air, o Gott, 
Hich khidlich scheuen," In the Berlin tf.JJ., l?fis t Ko. ]4#, 
In 9 &t. JV. a& " Most High 1 with reverence bo fear 
Thee," by Dr. W, iftUs, 1815, p. Hi (lit*, p. isc-V 

xxni Nan b*b ieb tfbenrw£eii ; 2u enter Huht, 
* Walt, /br tie Dt^ftff. In hifl JfcfBoe Jtara™ (ed. 
Hot. p. 13; ed. itob, p. lis). In 12 Bt- of 4 1., and the 
Berlin;)?. h.8., ed. 1863, Ho. UBS. The ir. fa from tbe 
form In Uie Hannover ft. H>, i^ifA No. 9SA, wbuh begins 
" Aaid hal) fc]i." JV, as " Naw eeoo 1 rIhU Lave con- 
quei'd," by JJVw .waiitnufe-n, iSftl, p. «r, 

xxiMi. B*nt tnleii cu Ibnuli lit du. /*{igffun(((Is. 
In bis He.iligt Flayuntn [eJ. liol, p. 38 ; id, U09, p. ira). 
Jn 7 at. of a 1., And the Berlin 0. L. .v., od, 13153, n c ., sea, 
Tim trJ. a™ (1) "So*, what nam li thli! I[n« teiirTul 
ia Hia R]auce + J1 .by ,T. Kelly + in tJiO British HiittliQer, 
V9I),. 1SS8; repented In the Kimilji Tjvafui'jr, 1WIB, 
p. SSI. (fi) "iSe yhn • mm fa thin, o glaacua," by 
Jff« JVorfler, 1SW, p, J!, 

urrllL 8hi1 gatrtu bil in da T«L CMi ijftan JMtt- 
/dftrfij. In hln JSrftxuret tmd Aldus, 1111, p. ?so. In 
a st, of S 1,, entitled " FsithfnlBCH wJtlimit Htpenlancc. 
I, E, V. S." Fonntfcd on Bev. ii, 10. Tr. m " Be then 
r«lt.bflil unto deatli I Lrt not trouble* nor distresses," by 
R. Miissit.in Hie Aiu (jf Jieii, IB! 8, vol. 11, p, 3i«. 

xxxlx, Thnma waitaui (JottM Kvndt, /My Serfs- 
rure. In his fciivtw JCfri!feT,ill]5, p. 74, In 9 at. of ( 1. 
ani lb* Berlin C.L.S., ed. IBM, No. 441. Tr. u " Word 
by God this Fithet spokogi," l>y Kitt Mtmivaiim. 18(J. 

aJi Was Oott thut du itt wcnbnthuiJ El finbt mii 
nlmmt anch iriodor. On the Dtttth uf a Child. In bis 
SAimitt and Ante, 171T, p. S95. and 1)1* Wanfcrttalt, 
1717, p. Bl, in J at. of 7 L Alatt in tlie Hanlurg G. B., 
1B42, Ko. J1S. The (11. s« (1) " What God does ia 
wall done, Wlio taken lvbat lie gave," by IV. Graham, 
in bfa Tin Joi'dan. and tfie Jthine, Londcii, ISSt, p. 2Ui + 
(i) " WiialeTsr <3od (loth fa well done, He gives, fee,," 
aj J. Kelly, In the /twtiEjf JV«uitt*y, 18B8, p. 68*. 

i3L Wer will miah inn dsrldsM aEb#id«n. JhiU, 
Iri hie Iftitipe fT/fmnieii (ed. DOT, p. SS^ od. 1709, 
p. Ik), In a st, Of A ' i ind tlie llernn C, 1. S., ed. 1BE3, 
MO. 888. 3V. aa " Who call my aoul rnjm Jodni »cr," 
by Ma *m(tijrfoit, 1853, p. 3». [J. M.] 

Sohmiieke dich» o Liebe Saele. ./". 

FVnnoi. [iTo?^ OcmitHimioii.] Of tliia sL i. 
Disc apposed ia J. Criigcr'a Oeit&ithe Kirchen 
lidodkia, 1C49, No. 103, set to the beautiful 
melody by Criiger givea in the C- Ji- /or Eng- 
land (Mfc ttlow). The full fbrm, in at of 
8 1„ id in the Criiger-Rungo O. B., 1G53, No. 
133, entitled " Propariitirai for Holy Com- 
reunion." Included in Criiger"? J'roxh, 11550, 
Ko, 267, Mid Mo&t succeeding hynm-books, 
as icccntly in tlie Berlin (?. L. 8., ed. 18G3, 
Ko. *90. In Franck'a Geiitlifliet 8(tm, l(i7i t 
No. 22 (1846, p. 55). 

Tliin hjmn ]a perlupa the: finest of ill Gorman liymns 
for tbd Holy OnDmaniim, It Is «i exhortation to tha 
soul to ari&O: and draw near to p4?t*kc of t^ie Kea^ottty 
JWanii to meditate nn the wonders of Ilenvenly I,ove : 
ending wilh a prayer for linn] receptinri at Hie Ettmal 
Ftafct, Itnooli attained, and still retains, popularity in 
tieruatiy (in many German churches it ia attl] tlie nti- 
T*iylng avian at the calabraiion), was one of the flrEt 
hymns fr.lnto Mal*l:nr, and [jacsctl mtolinsliaL in nm. 

It has been O. into Ejigliah e.&:^ 

1. OtaUj lool, tbyielf adominf, A free t>\ \j 



SCHKEESING, JOHANNES 

E. Jackson oT si, i„ viL, viil, ss Ho, I 'J 9 in 
Dr. Hook's Otunlt School H. JJJt, 1650. 

2. Deck tfiyaeilf, my hdI, wUli ftadnaaa. A JfOOil 
tr., omitting it. iii . , vi., viii., by Misji Wink' 
worth, in hor Lyra 8&'., 2nJ Sor. IE5H, ]>, ii. 
Iticludetl in fall in C'tntatc Jkuriina, Boston, U. S, : 
1S59, the Ohio Inth. Hymnal, 1880 ? Sc, and, 
Otnittuig Bt. vi., in Snep[>*» Sjrij^ of Q, and (!., 
1S7B, In Kennedy, 1863, st. iv.-vi. beginning 
" Here 1 sink before Thee lowly," were given as 
Nn. fjEJO, mi the same in the Christian If. Bh., 
Cincinnati, 1865. 

3. Hack tliyiolf, my soul, irfth ajUdsaa*. By 
Miss Wink worth, in her 0. B. far i^fcmd, 1S03, 
No, 93. This is her Lyw Gtr, versicm re- 
-written to the original metre. This form is 
found, in the Clifton OKe^ 11. Bk^ 1872, add 
tha Ewiuj&kat Xyl., N. Y., :8S0. 

4. SotJ, mirt, dispel Thy a*4n«t, A In of »t. 
i., iv., ii. by Miis Borthiviek a» No. B5& in 
Dr. Pagenstechar's Coll., 1864, [SJieitirf in ff, Z,. 
L., 18*4, p. 263. 

Othar tn, an: (1) "Trim tby Lamp. O Soul h«- 
trotied." as Ko. 4** in pi, 1, of the jftr<ini»n jr. Ifit., 
iJsj, (?) " aonl, at thl» most awful Beaeon," Te™rltt«n 
from the 1754 as So. MB In the Moravian IT. 1/k.. 1739 
(1849. No. 9(4). (3) " Leave, my Soul, the shades uf 
darkness," in Lwa Eueharittka, 18*3, p. 89. staled 
"SiabttB." [J. MJ 

SohaeegaBS, Qyfi&cua, vaa 1>. Oet. 5, 
1546, at IiufSebcn, near Qotliii. He studied 
nod graduated u.i. at tlie Ualveraity of Jena. 
In 1573 he became 'paator of tbe St, Jlldsitia 
churoJi at Fricdrtobrudit, near Goths, flu 
was also adjunct to the Suptrindondect of 
Woiinar, and in tbii capacity aigued the For- 
mula, of Cnncord in 1579. He d. at Fried* 
richrodp, Oct. 23, 1597 (Koch t ii. i!52, ire.). 

Sehneegass was a diligent pastor, a man mighty In the 
Scriptures, ind firm and rejoicing in his faith, Tfc was 
ajnpnn cKL-eltfiit mnslvian and fostered the Jpve of ranBit 
among his people, His hymns reflect Ms character, and 
arc good and simple, setting fbrtli in clear and Intelllsiblo 
style the leadinu Ideas or the festivals of Ihe Christian 
year, tc. ; and hb Paalrn vcmlons arc also of «>DBldeniblc 
merit. They appeared principally In his (1) sv. I'taiai 
ffraduum, bk, Erfort, 1W5 [uotha LlDriry]. This con- 
tains tbe llaalnu of Degrees (150-131) abo Ph. 31 and Or, 
and thre* hymns, (s)TVefA*riach!iinaA'ewJalrJ-r?e^wj l 
Erftirt, 1ME. Aiwltepfjifca of this as containing 9 hymne. 
Tho pruant rrtitef has been unable u> trie* a copy of 
Iho booK. (S) atiUlieht Litihr ■and I'tnlmta. JVr 
Binfettigsfrtms utritn.xu$crictttc(. Errurt. 16Bt [Berlin 
Library^. This is the complete edition of hia pielmu 
and hymns, contatning 73 In nil. 

Of his hymns those which lutvo pn&sed into 
English are : — 

1. Daa n*u«borjM)Xiiideleui. CLristonas. Trolnbly 
first puu. in Ho, U above. Included in i**f aa above, 
y«, I, In i St. of 4 1„ cnltlMJ " A bouiiifnl little airiat- 
maa hymn on the dear UlLle Jeaua." Repeated In 
Wae&miagtl v. p. 133, and! aa No. ti& in tbe Unv. Is. S., 
lent. Tbo trJ. in C U. are :-^ 

1. T^u> haly Bon, iiio noir^bonL Child. A good and 
fall tr. by A. T. ItUSsell, a* Ma. 6« in Ills I's. * Hyt., 

laji. 

2. Tbe no«*bonL Ohild this early mom. Ill full 49 
No. 4« intttdlJhio/,iiJ(i,j¥jrl., 13S0. Another tl'. Is (3) 
"Tlie nEic-born Babe, whim Haly bore," J18 No, 439 in 
pt. i. of the My,-ama.n 11. Etc., ITU. 

ii, Bear Oott Tater, »rir preiaen dich. JVthf rear. 
Probably 1st pub. in Ho. s ibove. Inolnded In IS97 as 
AlMvo, Sa. 1, hi 4 st, of 7 I., entitled « a Nw Tear's 
Hymn/' Repeated in Wbckprttaffel v. p. 1X>, In the 
l«Bla G. B., IBM, Mo. 1S», and the Ohio 6\ If,, 18J", 
Mu. 54. Tbeif, inC U, ia:— 

O Lord tn Fatl*r, tbaiika to Tbaa. In Ml, by 
A, Chill, 1n tlie Ohto f.i((l. i[/l., 1880. Qj, HJ 

Sclmeeaine, Johianes, eomatimee called 
CniomugUB ur Cfhytntxaa^", Twa a native 



SCHNEESINU, JOHANNES 

of Fiuikftirt-wii-Mato. He was appointed, 
sometime before 1524:, assistant tu Johann 
L&ngenhaya, pastor of St. Margsjefn church, 
tn Goths, who had begun, in 1 525!, to preach the 
doctrine of the Beformatioii. Subsequently 
tw became paster at rTriemar, near Gotha; 
Hud in the rec&rds of the Yieitntion In 1531, 
he is described Ma" learned, diligent, pious, 
and godly man. ' He d. at Frlemar, in 1567. 
(fix*, i. 378, 4&) 

I* Daring Sctroeeslmifs early yens at Frlemei, bis ener- 
gies were erotly cicKlsed in combating toe Anabaptist 
doctrlnea promulgated In tee neighbourhood to Nlcouui 
Starch, of Zwk-kan. Throughout Lis racumbency, be 
greatly Int&reated himself In the children of hie Buck, 
for whom he prepared a Catechism, taught them in 
school, cateduaed tbern In church, and, u hla puplL 
Mora Wagner dedans, taught them to atng many 
bymns and tunea which he had hlmeell composed. He 
alts possessed earns sldll as a palmer. 

The only hymn which has been ascribed to 
Scshneennig, with any certataty, hi — 

Ulttn m dlr, Hon lasa Ooxfat. .Fmi'ietice. 
Tlie earliest hymn-boob to which this has yet 
been traced, ia the (Low Qevmau) Magdeburg 
G. B., lSifi, where it begins, « Alleyn tho dy, R 
and it entitled, " A Hymn of Peniteh.ce," Who 
kentogel, iii., pp. 174-177, gives this, and three 
other forms ^thc oldest being from an undated 
Niiruberg broadsheet, circa 1540), and ascribes 
it to Schneesing. It waa included by Luther in 
V. Behst's ff. J?., 1545; and this text, in 4 st 
of 9 1., is repeated in many Later collections, as 
in the (/me. L. &, 1S51, No. 561. Bnnsen, in 
hii >%ra*cA f 1333, p. S&, Calls it "an immortal 
hymn of prayer of a confident faith." 

Its rhyme; she* that it was evidently written 
in High German, and, therefore, apparently, 
earlier than 1542. In the earliest broadsheets 
and hymn-boohs, it appears without name. 
Schneesing's pupil, Maris Wagner (b. nt Frie- 
mar, 1528), in his Eiiifditigcr Berickt, wiedweh 
Jfic. Stories, der Avfrihr in I&firingea scfj oturr- 
foageti warden, Erfurt, 1597, distinctly says that 
1 it was composed by Schneeaing, and inserted by 
him in the us. Kircnenordmmg {i.e. Liturgy), 
which he composed, iu 1842, for the church at 
Friemiur. Conrad Huober [b. 1507, at Berg' 
zabern ; studied theology at the University of 
Basel; 1511, dinconus, find 1545, Canon of St. 
Thomas's chnrch at Straesburg ; d. at Strassburg, 
April 23, 1577], to whom it is ascribed in the 
Gray £irchea Q. B., Strassburg, 1560, docs not 
seam to have had more share in it than a Few 
alterations iu the te*t -, aud the earliest Strass- 
burg H. Bk. in which it appears, is the Xew 
owwi^FSftt GexunglmiAiewi, 1545, where it is 
marked " N. N." and not with Huober's name. 

The melody generally eat to It Is first found in an 
undated hroadeneet, which Weckeniagel, In hia Sibtie- 
prajMt, 1SK, p. IIS, No, ctixxvni duos u probably 
at Wittenberg, lBii, and is repeated In V. Habit's <?. A„ 
15*5, and many later hoofca, including me C B. fot 
England, isaa (see below). It has been also ascribes 
to SchneestiiE, bat thij ascription seems decidedly 
doubtful. 

The It*, of Schneesing's liymn aw ;— 
1. tn lace alona, Ohtiat, my Lord. A good 
fi\ of St. l.-iii.. by A. T. EaBaell, as No. IB*, in 
his Ps. £ ffys., 1851. 

>■ Sort Jeitu Ollfitt in Thee alono< A good 
and full fr., by Miss Winkwortli, ill her Lyra 
uW., 2nd Ser,, 1358, p, 12S. Repeated, slightly 
TAtied in metre irt her 0, 3. for England, 1865, 
So. 113. 



SOH6NEE, JOHANN G. lOlfi 

Other if j. are : — 

(1) "In Thee, Lord Christ, le Bxtf mr h«pe." By 
J. C. JUcfjbi, 17S5, t>. 211 (17SJ, p. 911. (I) - Id Thee 
Alone, ijord Jtena Chrtit, v This Is Ho. 35H, In pi. i., 
of the Mfi-aaian k. IMC*, nsi, (S) "In The;, O ChruU, 
h alt my Hope." Ttts Is Itawd on JacoM's tr. r and is 
No. 6M. to ct. 1.. ol Ibe Jft-rawon a; J*., ]7S4 (IS44, 
No. 28*). lndodfi in Oie lie* and later eda. of JUdy 
Uunttngdvn'B Sdesli/m. [4)"Acn>idingta Thymeroy, 
Lord." This is a jr. of st. ill., by J. Saertner, as el. L 
or Ho. t21> la tin Moravian JI. Sk., ires (laae, Mo. 7111, 

[J.M,]^ 

Schneuiiig, JohajxuoB. [Sehneeemf, J.] 

ScholflfiflW, Jamea, Ir.A., s, of tie Bar. 
Nathaniel Schnlefleld,0(XDgregationalMwieitei 
at Heuley-on-Thamea, waa b. TXoV. IS, 1789, 
and educated at Christ"* Hospital, and at Cam- 
bridge, B.A. 1812. Taking Holy Ordera, he 
waa Cmate to tho Bev- Charlee Simeon, 1S13 ; 
P fellow of Trinity, Cambridge, IB 15 ; and In* 
cumbent of St. Michaels, Oambiidge, 1S2S. 
He was also Regius Professor of Greek at 
Cambridge, 1325, and Canon of Ely, 1849. 
He d. at Hastings, April i, 1853. In addition 
to variomi learned wwla he pub. A 8ei. of 
Pmlmi and Hymn*, 1823 (11th ed., 1855), and 
fflwton TF«A,a. emaU deTotiotml work includ- 
ing hymns, 1828. His Memoir waa pub. hy 
hla widow in 1359. His hymna now in C. TJ,, 
all irom Pastimt Week, 1828, are : — 

1. Draw m*. Odnw me, gracious Lord, rattiouvtidt. 

2. I louked, and to my nptared eyes. C'hritt in 
tilory. 

3. Ones did tht Ointment's rioh peTfmoe. Anointing 
tit fttt s/ Jttut. [J. J,] 

Schoner, Johsnn Gottfried, a. of J. G. 
Schoner, pastor at llugheim, near Hagefurt, 
E&Tftria, waa b. at Rijgnclm, April 15, 1749. 
He studied at the universities of Leipzig and 
Erlnngen. In 1772 he became tutor in the 
family of Herr von Winkler at Niirnberg, by 
whose influence ha was appointed, in Sept. 
1773, preacher at St Margaret's cbapel, in 
the Kajscrburg, nt Titimberg. Ho was then 
pppointed, in 1783, diaconus of St Mary's 
chnrch, and in 1783 dinconns of St, Law- 
rence's church, where, in 1809, he became 
chief pastor (Stadtpfarrer)* After 1799 he 
eufTerca greatly ftom nervous eflfo-tiona, and 
in October 18L7, he had to resign his oiflces. 
He d. at Kiimberg, June 28, 1818. (Koch Tl, 
399 ; Heenvagen li. pp. 32, 2Q2, &u.) 

ScbCncT Ttaa a popular prejuher, and was specially 
pncceGsfcil with children, He took « neat Intercet In 
the cir^nlnlion of the Bible, tnd fonndea the KO-mbeirK 
Blhle Society In ises. Hie hymna are the fruit oi 
gt?jiiuDB and eaniest piety, and attained oooaiderahle 
popularity. A number wet* printed separately, or in 
Ditguiinee, TJie more important of the collected editions 
are (1) Ainfjt Wafer tvr £rhtttiiiiu. tiUrnbtris:, 1717 
[Berlin Library], <») VtrnritcMt ontllictce Lit&r und 
tjtdithit, HOtnhcTjt, 1740. <3) ToUtiaadiyi SamiHluHj 
Sit QtiitlKlttl L\n%o vsA etdtelile t*m Jiiluuut OOtt- 
friut St*o*tw, Nttmterg, 1410, 

Those of Schooer'a hymna which have 
passed into English are : — 

U Urbtbt eueb, fiel» Lobgtabifa, Holy Jtfnfrv- 
mmy. Inclnded 1790, as above, p. 51, in 7 st, 
of 6 1., entitled "Alter a Marriage-" It is cfcu 
of the best hymna on the subject. It was in- 
clnded, but greatly altered, and in IS st. (et. 
lii.-f., vli,, ii,, being added), m N*. 490 in J. £, 
Qossner's Sammlimg, Srd ed. 1625, beginning 
" Erhebt encb, frohc Jubeilieder." This text is 
repeated in full in Knapp's Ev. L. &, 1337, No. 
237 S ; and, omitting the added *ts., as No. 623 
in Burden's Verwth, 1833, The tr, in C. U. 11 : — 



lOld SCHONST EE HERfi JESU 

Raise hifh the petes *r exultation. A good (r., 
from Biluhi, by Miss Cm, in her &tcreflf /fy*. 
from th* German, 1 81 L, p. 71. included in full, 
but altered in metre, in Mercer's C. P. $ B. Bk,, 
1B57 and 18S4, beginning "Now Jet yonr notes 
of praise arise." Miss Cox recast her (r. for her 
ffys. from German, ie&4j p. 79, whore it bogies 
" Rise bigh, ¥* notes, a glad ovation." The form 
in Saepp's Songs of 0. $ <?., 1873, it mainly 
from the 186+ test, but begins with tht original 
first line, and omits it. iv. The form in Turing's 
Coll., 1683, is also mainly from the lSfiitait; 
bnt it omits st. iii., and begins "Waist high in 
joyful acclamation." 

Aictiur tr, ia: "Lift op yomsetves, je Joyous 
strains." In tt» Sri(trt Jtaj,, Bur, 18S7, p, sil. 

H, Hinuaal u« mix Bimmel afl* Xojupno' /or 
fltateu. Included 1B10, as above, p. 198, in 
10" it. of 8 1., entitled "Our Conversation it in 
Heaven, Phil. iii. 20. A call to all Christiana." 
It had pTevlooily appeared in the SsnnnAaye» 
fUr Lieb/mber cArisHfcW Wahrheit und (hitselig- 
fait, Basel, 1803, p. fiiS. It has been ft special 
favourite in Wurtternberg, *nd ia No. 421 ia the 
WSrttemberg G. B. f 18*3. The tr. in C. IT. it :_ 

Heavenward, atill bMnawacd. In full, by Dr., 
H. Mills, in hit Hrae Go-., 1845, p. 183 (1656, 
p. 25 1 ^ included, abridged, in M. W. Stryker's 
Christian Chorali, 1885. 

Other hymns by Sehoner Bre : — 

KL D*r CHuba bolt, and datum fchW, JbiA. On 
Ac enili of /Kile/oft*. In 17)0 as (tbore, p. lit, in 
g iL d[ t ),. entitled " Feeble Faitb." In t&e Berlin 
ff. 1. S, ed. 1863, Ko. 111. 3V. as, " Faith fallal Tr«n 
in tbo duel," by Jfilt Winter, 1918, p. 1S7. 

hf. Xt daakt main Hani Ei jawtait mebblded. 
Pt&rim smj. In ibio as above, p. 11^ In IS at. el 
1 L, entitled *■ Hymn of consolation on tog pilgrim way 
to HeiTCn." In la* WHrttemben- S. £., 194^ it be. 
dun, " Dir dank* nxrtu Han." Tr. as, "O Christ, in 
glwfeome &ith ariaa," Iff Dr. O. WaUnr, 18»o, p. Si. 

v. TriaiafUnt, inmnmn medn FUiaa. fojttailuis. 
In llso i» above, p. ia, in 7 (t. of a 1., entitled " Appre- 

Eriation of the »mm of Jems. pM»um Hymn. In 
is ad. 19 10, p. 19. altered and beatpnlnfc *■ Frledefftrat 
nt dem wir lehan." and In e- St. TbU teat it in Ktt*pp*> 
Xc. L. K, 1937 and 19(9. IV. aa "Prim* of Yam] 
Thy Mime confeeelnaV' by Hlsa EurlinBbeni In tbe 
BrhilA Bcratd, Feb., IBM, p. 119, repeated In field'* 
PrairtBk., 197 J. 

n. lab Mirk in i«w EXha. lotv^ /" -Heuum. 
In IJ« u above, p. 31. in U st.ef 4 U entUlnd "Ke- 
mml from lbs World." Kepested l?Mt p. sa, and In 
Knapp'o St. L, S-, ISaTani) lt(5, iy. m "MIim eyes 
are thitheir tmnin^,"' in th* Brititk Htrald, July IBM, 
p. 1M , and Rald'4 Pt&itt Sik., 1871. [J. M.] 

BohantAw Haw Jesu. fiow to CAri*t] 
J^ Heart JtfiJodiV*, No. SI, Lond, Morgan 4 
Chase, k. n. this ia matied &b " Cruflftder"a 
Hymn of the ] 2th «nt Tbia air and hymn 
used to be Bung bv the Germari pilgiiuie od 
their way to Jerustuem." For these atateroenta 
(hero dwt not seem to be the ebadow of 
foundation, for the air referred to baa not been 
traced earlier than 18*8, nor tbo words th*a 
1677. In tbo Jfitrnfer G. B., 1677, p. S76, it 
appeatH as the first of "Three Wntiful 
selected new Hymn*" in 5 at, via. : — 

1. Echoasfer H«r Jesut II. Alls die ScMnteit; Iii, 
Bcbame dkh Sonno; ir, Scbon taindt die Stamen- r 
Br 1st mhrbafllg. 

Id tli* Behletimhe VoUcsKafc*-, Leipiit, 194£, 
p. 3BS, it is Riven with greatly altered forma 
of at. L, iii., ii. t Tl , with a eecond at. (" Seh^n 
bind die Walder B ) pmcticslly nev. The tent 
and melody (the melody that in C. U.) arc 
botb marked a* taken down from oral recita- 
tion in the district Cttia/tcliAft) of Glsz. In 



BCHEODER, JOflAHN' H. 

the 7Jn«. L. 8., 1851, is st, i., UL, and the new 
at., all nearly from the teat of 1842; and this 
ia the text nhioh his been translated. JV.aa^— 
Tairaat Ltrd Jsso. Mr. Bichntd Storra Willaav 
of Detroit (U. S. A.) informa mo that this tr. 
appeara in hia Chttrch Cfatrals, 18&0, but that he 
doea not know tbe name of th* translator. It 
has passed into various American collections aa 
the PtpMUlh Coll., 18W; Itetch Stf. 18SS, 
llobtnsWs Songt for the Sanclttury, 1885, itc, 
and 'in England into Wilaon's Service of liaise, 
188s; Allon's CAtfrfren's Wonhip, 1878, be 

Otluf tra.an: (0 "Sweetest Lord Jam, Lord," by 
B. Mauit, l««7, p. its. fl) '■ Bmatlflil aavlour ! King 
of Cnatian." by Dr. J, A. Sets* In the Sunday &twt 
Bk. r Khilad., 1613, of the Amer. Lnlb. Gen. Coundl. 

IJ. MO 

Bohrcder, Johatm Heinrioh, wa* b, 
Oct. 4, 1667, at Springe (Hallemprhige) near 
Hannover, He stodied at the Ifniverwity of 
LeipBig' where he experienced tlie awakcnjiif 
effects of A. H. Franche's hsetnres. In 1696 
be was appointed pastor at Meseberg, neat 
rfcuhaldenslebsn ; and in the registers there 
records of himself (writing in the third per- 
son), " 1898, on the 17th S. after Trinity, lis. 
on Oct. 4, on which day lie was born, with the 
beginning of bis 30th year, he ontered on the 
pastorate of tbia pariah." He d. nt MeBehern;, 
June 30, lt!99 (JCoeJl, iv., 381 ; BWUr fitr 
ffpnvologie, 188S, p. 192, &&). 

ScbrBder la best fa»ira by the ionr hymns Trhlcb be 
contributed to Uu Gdlirtidm O, S^ Hitlt, lest i and 
whkh tn repeated in iba Gtdtmcta or. B. f Danatladt, 
lass; iml In FTeyllnghHUKn'a fl. B., ltat, Tnay an 
Teiy jmid euumpUH of tbe early hytnus or the Pioiinti, 
being genuine iM ear neat outptmrinp! ot Lo*a to Chrim, 
sot unmixed with ChillaMJc bope*for ti^TlctarjoriloU 
and the oTeitbnm at Uabylun. In the sane bwaa are 
Ifo nfmns by bis winj ( JVcngujlla Sophia nit WH/% 
who 4, at Mesebng, Aprfl », l«*T. 

Two of Scbroder'a liytnns have passed into 
English, vii ; — 

1. Bias lit uoth, Mb Iter, die* eJa*> Lute to 
CArVst. 'fhit it included lit the Gtittreichtl 
0. S., Halle, 1R97, p. MS, in 10 at. of 8 I., + 
entitled, "One thing it needful, huke a. 42. 
Jesus, Who of God is made unto n» wisdom, and 
righteousness, and saucti fixation, and redemption. 
1 Cor. i. 80." It is also in Wagner'* Q. B^ 
Leipiig, 1697, vol. iii., p. 487. It U repeated in 
Freylinghausen's G. A, 1704, Ho. 335, and in 
many later collection*, e.g. the Berlin <?..£.&, 
ed. 18S3, No, 686, Ik. 

ItftpopulwltjbM bteadiK, not only to Its own beauty 
and poweT, but tls* to tbe tailni cbaracter of tbft nuJody 
ihlel ■ ■ "■ ■ ' ■ -°~ ■ ■ - - - 



ini< 
to nbleb H !» set. This kby JTMauider.tn his Bunia 
fito(«r, BreuKn, nso, u the melody of arotter Pnphtt* 
(p. 7Bi, i.) ; and was altered In FreyltarimiMn to ssit 
oenroder's hymn. Tbe Ml form (rom Freyllnghauaen 
is in Hercar 9 C. P. dr B. Bk., and thera oiled f^uidi- 
btrg. Tbe seenad part Is given La tbe Britfot Ami Book 
tiSMt. AtTtatlr atteied furm, tA Rst&xn, bia pmnH& 
through W. H. Huergal'fc Old cKiarli Ptalmn&i into 
tbe Jrlsb CHutA fljE. th* Scottish rntb. Hut, and 
others. 

The tr. in C. U. From Schroder ia :— 

Dm things utdfol, than, Lord Tesna. This is 
a good and full (c., by Miss Cox, in her Soared 
Ilyt.ffOm tie German, 1841, p. 137 (Hys. from 
the German, 1S6+, p. 217), repeated ia ScnniTa 
Christ it> Seng, 1869 and 1870. In 1B57, Mercer 
adopted the trt, of at. v.-viii., i^ as No. 411 In 
his 0. i*. ^ /T. Bk, altered, and beginning, 
" Wisdom's highest, noblest tteaanre." In his 
1859 ed., be omitted the tr, of st. x. and altered 
the other!, now beginning, '* Wisdom 1 * highett, 



BCHUBAET, CHBIB'HAK F. D. 

noffcst, treasure; 1 * and this f*™ is repeated, 
reading "Wisdom** ttJUttAaitrftd treasure,'' in hit 
Oxford ed., 18*4. 

Otbtr translation! ant— 

(IVtOnetblngUnetdloll Let mt J*™." ByJfiw 
fftofcwjrtl, 1S&&, p. 183. (2) "Ctae thing's Otmful]^. 
this rWi treasured By j»r. f. jfilti, last, p. ai, 

ii feso, hilt luftii, it tints tot labens, 
CAnsdiin H^ar/ans. In tht Gciatreichts G. ft., 
Halle, 1697, p, 509, in 14 at., of 6 J., entitled, 
"Tearful rigli for the help of Jesni." Also in 
Wagner'? & #, Leipiijf, 1697, vol, vi, p. 711, 
in 14 et., entitled, " for God's sucwur in order 
to overcome spiritual enemies," la the QeisU 
reicbea Q, B^ Darmstadt, 1698, p. SIS, it. it., 
xvi., ore added, and this form is in the Berlin 
0. i. S, ed. 1863, No. 667. U is mid to hsre 
been written, in 1696, as a companion to 
his wife's hymn, " Trio titer Jtsn, EhronkSoig" 
(Hsllt, 1697, as nbote, p. SOI, tnd the 6:. A is, 
ed. 1883, No. 77 1> H was accused of Chilissm, 
by the Theological Faculty of Wittenberg, but 
stilt bold* an honoured place in German collec- 
tions. The f>s. are : — (1) « Jeans, help conquer 1 
Thou Prince ever-living." By Dr. H. MiSs, 
1836, p. 126. (2) " Jesus, help conquer, Th™ 
Prince of my being." By Hiss jHaiitnJ^on,l&93, 
p. 2. 

The hymn beginning, " Jeensv help «m- 
ouer I my spirit is doling,'' by Hiss 'Wamer, 
in 6 at, in her -ffj*. o/ (As Church Militant, 
S. Y., 1858, p. 161, bctrowa little more thin 
the first line from the German. It a repeated 
in BoBiriman's MtcNon, Philadelphia, LSfll, 
No. 168. [J. M.] 

SohubBrti Christian Friedrtoh 
Daniel, b. of Johann Jakob Bchubart, 
schoolmaster and nsahitant clergyman at 
Obersoutbeiru, near Hall, id Wurttemberg 
(after 1740, at Aslen), vm b. at Oberaont- 
heim, March 28, 1739, and in 17B8 entered 
the University of Erlangen as a, student of 
theology. Thereafter he was for some time a 
private tutor at Konigsbronn. In 1764 he 
WH Appointed organist and schoolmaster at 
Geisaltngen, near Ulm. In 1768 he became 
organist and music-director at lindwig&burg r 
but, in 1772, «n account of misconduct, he 
iu deprived of his office. After that, he 
ted for •ome time a wandering life, and then 
settled down in TJlm, where he edited a 
political newspaper, entitled the Dexttdie 
ChronBt, with success. By bis scurrilous 
attacks on the clergy, especially on the 
Bontau Catholics, and in particular upon the 
Jesuits, and by a satirical poem on the Duke 
of Wurtbemberg, he made himself obnoxious: 
Unsuspectingly aceeptiog an invitation to 
Blanbeuren, he hh handed over to the 
Duke's adjutant, and, am Jan. 33, 17T7, was 
imprisoned in the castle of flohenasperg, 
where he remained, without even the shadow 
Of a trial, till May 11, 1787. Aa a recompense 
for his long imprisonment, the Duke made 
him Court and theatre poet at Stuttgart, 
where he d. of fever, Oct, 10, 1791 (JliwS, vi. 
87* i K. H. Jordems's Tricon dwtsefw 
Uiento* und Pnmtotm, vol. iv. 1809, p. 639). 

Scbubnl in a man of wiwUle genius, who mfrbt 
nave attained distinction in half a do»en lines of life. Bad 
bfl cony stock to any of them. He was a pw vrho could 
nuke himself most popular, spita oJ tbe bet that he poa- 
■nsed lutrdlj say tut. Mia nwisl pilndpln were any- 



SCHliBABT, CHBISTIAN F. D, 101? 

IBing Imt (limi ; and the Ten Oommudmesta (eantct- 
sllj tbe seventh} Mtaud to bave little Htttainlpg |nflq> 
inn mn him. Aa a wilier of secular pm ma, especially 
of lyric*, tie diaplsyed vioiiur and snirllj Iwt ntslHeiBiT 
w«TkmanBlilpnaioft«iv«y ca»lw, His byema, oyer 
130 In all, w*rt Tiitttn during the tira perlodi wl»ii In 
led all orderly and Christian lift, vis., ill tbfl yeara UM- 
CS, immediately after his marriage, And in tbr y«ars 
1IM-S1, during liia tnt'iTCtd tbsence from tenEUtlon. 
His iwptlvu stttt, hie reading or the derotioul Molts in 
the MmmnndiintV lltairy, and tbo Tlaite whkh be (bin 
received from P. M. Hum, pastor at KonnreBthelm, 
svskened In him a repenUnce, aliuxne If not tltogelVier 
Uftleng; one of the principal results being lbs aeries at 
hymns Included In his ao-caUed dtdvAtt sot dm Ktrker 
fZOikb, 1791)1. Thsee were txmpoesd at a linie wIhd 
ae vt» deprlv«d of writing materials, and were dictated 
through a wall to a tallow prisoner In the next cell. 
They wera pno. wittkoot hia EDowledge or superylslon. 
In self defence Le aabd tba Dune's permission to pub. 
in authorised *d. of hia poema ;' and thla aspeand at 
Stuttisrt, in 3 vo!a„ lf3J-»S,ts his XaMvUlickt GtdickU 
fs nuntieT of copies, nrlsted Ixyoiid tke mbavriptloR, 
sear tbe date UST, and tb« nams of « FranliniTl poli- 
liiier, e-g. the »p> in tbe Brit, Kus.>; and tale sin 
included moat <ff tboae In Ms IMetoeronje, orJgliully 
pmn, st Ulai In )T(V. Being printed it the DncaTprlnt- 
Inz offlee «t Etnttcnt, Uie poems were subjected to an 
omdol rsTlalon. Sohnbart nieant to Issue a genuine 
ainhors edltioa, but dtd net live to dc- so i and that pub. 
by hit son, as his father'a Gtiidktt, In iw« pint, at 
Frankfurt, ISM, is jaally a aekctkis, and ccnuins only 
about half of bb bymna. 

The beat of Sclabart'i bynma an those flrsl nnb. tn 
11*1, which are men ramniQe and spliitul than bit 
earlier prodnBtkma. A conaidmble nnmtier became 
popular, and psued Into the WBrtlemterj; 6. 6., lMl, 
and other colledloaa, np to 18»; and a fs* fIIU con- 
tinue tn C. U. Tbey art, however, too personal asd 
subjective, and not snfflcieatly iiatbtal In style for 
general ute. 

Of Sehnbart'a hymns tbe following have 
been tr, into Eoglisij, viz. : — 

L ITiqutU aUsi BsUfkaltai. Supplication for 
Spiritual Bkatittgi. This fin* hymh trss written 
abont 1TS0, and 1st pub. in hi* Qe&cMt flu* diuit 
Eerhcr, Zurich, 17 B5, p. 10S, in 1^ it. of 4 1., 
entitled, ''Supplication." The full text Is in 
Koch, 2nd sd., vol. iv., p. 740, In th« Wurt- 
temberg S. B., 1791, He, 404, it is reduced to 
12 st. i and the same in the ed. of 1842, No. Si. 
Iu Dr. Schaffs Devtsc&et G. B^ Philadelphia, 
TJ. S,, I860, No^ 374, it hns only ten. Tr, ns :— 

ThMfh. by aomwa vnrtaken. 'JTiis cm bnrdly 
be called a U,, but is tsthcr ft hymn SOggWted 
by the German, and is In 6 st. of 4 1. It nppeared 
in A. R, Erinftgk's CW, of Ft, and lly, 3Vn« 
as *unj? in IAe /VrrisA C/iWrcA o/ St. /"ct<r in Ho 
2Jj«*, 0j/or((i pnb. at Oiford in 1840, p. 138. 
It is one of four hymns [for the others, see pp. 
BSD, (.; m, 1. [ leei I.}, regarding which the 
Rev. Walter Kerr Hamilton (then Sector of SL 
Peter's, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury), says, in 
the preface, " Philip Pusey, Esq., has allowed nw 
to add to this collection, some hymns which art 
partly translations and partly original." From 
£gmagls this hymn pflsaed, with alterations, into 
the Sufi'soury If. Bi^ 1SS1, the «inim Ilyt., 1S68, 
and various other collections In Lord Sel home's 
Sk. of Praise, 18SE, It is Ua. 363, and is marked as 
by "Algernon Herbert," who was Pussy's brother- 
in-law i *ud in the Sarum Ilyl, si " treraiin tr. 
by Algernon Herbert." The ascription to Pussy 
seems the more prohnble. 

Other hymns by Schubert are ;— 

ii. Alias iat eoer.' Wario dea <wic*n Lobaaa, 
faaHjt^nsy-. tVrilten about 1164, and lei pub. at 
2Qr(c!i. IMS. as above, p. lit, In * el. of S I. i fonuUd 
on 1 Oct. 111. 21-23. In ibe Berlin O. I. S., ed. lies, 
No. 1S5». 3V. as, "All thinjni are yours ! an eat me»- 
aaseof mercy divine." By Hlsa Borthwlck, IsiiLIi. L., 
ia6S,p. 4(lBS*,p. M\ 

OL Ba Tesuuf Last lisft sehwie anf taMa. Ht- 



10 18 SCHttTZ, JOHANN JAKOB 

vnfett f* lhavt«. On the Borrow of parting with friends 

* Horn one hopea to meet in faun. 1 el pub. at Zttrkh, 

17Siy aS ilio^e, p, 143, 111 14 St. Of T I., entitled, "Tl« 

meeting ajdln of the righteous." In the WQrUembsnt 
ft J., 184*, No. H4H, in 9 at, IV. as, " 1 die and grieve 
(ran those to go," lly -Br. P. Walker, 1KU, p. B». 

It, Sin fund era Henwb! Hita- fid or nitpltsr. 
Sudden iteaih o/d {Knurr. 1st pub. a[ TJIm, 1T8T, a* 
above, p. 1W, in 13 st. of fl L, entitled, " A sudden 
daub." In the American Ev. Luth. <?, B., 1T6G, Ho. 
IDS ( 1 EH. No, W9). ft, as, ■ L Four one in health featli. 
Instant, CI UShefl," By ih-. XT tfilii, la J5 f I SSA, p, 33). 

t. Xommt hout an nimn Btobe, fbr «s Agr&, On 
tlie Freainui tion in (lie Temple; Hid rounded on SI. 
Lult* II. 22 ~3t. 1st pub. at Ulm, 1TST, 4* above, p. »S. 
In 13 st. of i 1., entitled. "Simeon." In the Wflrttem- 
btrg 0. B„ nil, Mo. 101. 3>. aj, " Yawho with years 
US tlnklog." By 0r. 17. JKHi, l«U (1856, £■ *Jji 

SohutH, Johtum Jakob, was b. Sept. 1, 
1640, at Frankfort am Haiti, After studying 
at Tubingen (whore Jw became a licentiate 
in civil and canon law), he. began ta practise 
man advocate "i Frankfurt, and in later years 
with the title of Hath. He seems to have 
been a. mail of considerable legal learning ai 
well ns of deep piety, He waa an intimate 
friend of F.J. Spenar ; and it was, in great mea- 
sure, at his euggcslioD, that Opener began his 
famous Qrf?e(ff*Piefa(i*(»eeSpeiier,p. 1071,11.). 
After Spooer left Frankfort, In 1686. Bchiitz 
caino under the influence of J. W. Petersen 
(p, 60S, i.) : nnri carrying out Petersen's priti- 
Obples to their logical conclusion, ho became a 
Sep&mti&t, and ceased to attend the Lutheran 
services or to communicate, lie d, at Frank- 
furt, May 22, 1690 <A"ocfc, iv. 320 ; BlStter/ir 
Hpmtulagie, Pub. 1883). Sen also Vkriaos. 

SfhOtz Is known u an amber by two tractates ; ono 
being his p*risttf[*a Istxnmff/lH, i'rftnkfdrt. 1677; 
the otbjf r, that which contains Bis Lynns, CAriiltirAa 

newen 7j68k!P*, lie-, Frankfurt am Main. 167B [Library 
of toe rredlecrniinleteiium it Frankfurt]. Thta wort 
Ineludea 5 liynins, in a separate ecetlon, which Ls beaded, 
" HkrftufftilgEn etllcUe UeBiLuKe," Tbeae uyomu Ace :— 
1. Die WoUnstulewrWeLt. 

II. Wk inltli »uf dlwer Welt tretrBbt. 

til. So komm, g«lielite T&iEa^und. 

iv, &L*uetlhi, ihrm&tteoiQUedAT,' 
v. Sei Lcb nnd Bbr deta livsbsten Gut. 

Of lliese He. y. is undoubtedly by Sebati, and tbe'otbsr 
fuur eibltit much ibe iinot tlyld uf thought es, anil tre- 
ijuent [dTAlloU t(s,tue pits* potHoniorttte work. Soiie 
of tuesa Iuvb beeii tilled ewlltr than 1M4 ; ami until 
this has been done, it la pretty suit to ascribe them ill 
to SvhUtz. 

Three of the^e hynraa hftve passed into 
English, viz, :— 

1. Bei Lob uai Ebj JUu h'deh«ten Ont, Praise 
and T/iantegitutg, 1st pub, in 1675, jts above, 
No. v. It is founded on Dent. xikm. 3 j entitled, 
" Hymn of Thanksgiving ; " and is in fl tt. »f fi 1., 
and the refitiin, '■ Geht unaerm Gott die Etna." 
It [niss^il into tlie Uinden O. B. t 16S0 ; Lup- 
piui's Q.S., If 92, p, 48; the Qeisiseichet G. Ji., 
llalle, HJS7, pp. 570 and 656; nnd is now found 
in almost nil German collootiuns, t,t in the i/iip. 
£. A, 1851, No. 721. 

Kedi, iv. 210, speaks of tbis liymn as ■' ovtwelfihin; 
many hundred oihere; and i clasjlcai hymn, wbkb, 
from ils Brst uppearAnoe, attracted unusual attention." 
And I^uxmaun, in Koeh, vtli. 33*^339, relate* how 
delighted J. J, Moser was, -piban, on enuring cburch 
tbs AM, Sunday after Lis captlTjty at HuLsntn iel, lie 
heard this hymn, and how Imirtlly he joined in 1t^ how 
It couirorud Uie dying O. C. ltiejfer, »f Stuttgart, on 
Tuesday, in Easter Week, 1!4J, and many ortirt 1 Incl- 
desu. 

Translations ia C. U. : — 
1. All (Hory to tlu Soi'roifii rjoed. This ia a 
full and good fr rf by J, O.-Jaeobi, in his Vwi. 



BGHWEDLEfi, JOHAMK C. 

Qettomfca, 2nd ei. t i15% p. 151, where it il 
entitled, "The M*libni>l(in Hvmn." In the 
Moravia* IL Bk,, 1754, nt. i~, No. 136, it is 
entitled, "Summary of the Book of I'salms" 
(lSae, No. 646). Montgomery, in bis Christian 
Psalmist, 1$25-, Ko, 315, adopted at. i.-iv., 
nearly fiom the 1TS4 ; and from this, the trt, of 
Bt. i., ii., iv., ware repeated in Gurney's Mary- 
lebons Coll., 1851 ; Windle's Cott., im. The form 
in the 1873 Appx. to Merecr's C. F . * H. Si., 
No. 614^ consists of it. i.-iv., viii., recast mainly 
fioiu the 1S01 Moraviatt, but partly from Miss 
Cojc. In J. A. Latrobe's Fs. & Hys., 184 l r No, 5, 
st. i., ii,, v,, viii., ix., were adapted for use on 
Trinity Sunday. 

1. All glory a* to God mnt atfh, A good 
if., by A. T. Russell, of at, L., iv., viii., for the 
Dalston Hospital if. ^i., 1S4S, No. 5§. 

3. All praiae Mil thankl to fiid matt Bi(n. Thin 
ii a good Jr., omitting st, in., by Miss Wink- 
worth, in her lAjra Q#r., 2nd Ser., 1858, p. 146. 
Repeated, in varying centos, in Ft. $ Ihjt^ Bed- 
ford, 185&; Harrow Softool If. Bh., 1886; Holy 
Song, 1&99 ; Irish CfotrGh Kyi., 1878, and others, 
In her C B. for England, 1&6S, No. 3, Miss 
Winh worth altered the metre and omitted tUTi ; 
nnd tbis form was repeated in foil in the Euanr). 
Jfyl., N. T., 1880, and Abridged (l^iv.) in the 
JfytoHvjf, 1871. 

1. Slag pnl*a to God 'Was retfu abovo. A 
good tr., omitting st, it,, eontributed by Hiss 
Coi to Lyra Eaehariitiea, 1G64, p. 8!), and in- 
cluded In her Hyt, from the German, 1864, 
p. 245. This tr. is given in lull in J. L. Poitar'a 
Coll,, 1875, It in J«0 found, in varying c^ntJM, 
in ninny English nrjft American hymn-books, in- 
cluding H, A, $ it, 18S8 nnd 18T&; Bapt. Hgl., 
1879; Taring's Call., 1882; and in America, 
in the Pennsylvania Luth. Church Bh., 1888; 
College Hyl^ N. Y., 1876; Ohio Luth. Hyl., 
1880, &c. 

I. "io God a joyful aatbam raise- A good tr. of 
st. i., ii., iv., v., viii., by J. M, Slosn, as No. 814, 
in J. H. Wilson's Service of Praise, 1865. 

The following am olao tr. into English:— 

II, Sa kaun, g*b>hte Todts-Btuad. For rA« Dyfno'. 
1st pun. In l«!a, «a above, Hit. \\L, ta 11 st. of s f„ cn- 
Utied, "Tho tbanglits on Death of a RoyjiL Prino«sa,a(ter 
tba u^ukl lAt^rpr«taU<m of Job if*. 2a," Tbla frineeea 
wasSopble Eliaabstht daughter ol Dna^Phtlip&l^idtrig. 
of Holsti-in-SoodsThDri fb. «t Hombnrg vor der Whs. 
May 4, 1643 ; marrted, In le^s. to Duke Merits, ol 
Swise-Zniti; d. at Schlenslngen. Aug. 19, VSi), van 
had been a cegulai attend er at Spener's eonfeTeiwss at 
rrankftirt, and Uiua aaaodated ntib Sebrjtb Thla kymq 
(as also So. Iv. in Uia IftTSworli) has often been ascribed 
to ben and ens had already chosen Jobxlx. Ss, as the 
text of bee funeral sermon. But it 1« more piobahle that 
both bjmn! were (rritten by Eehtlt* for her use, or in her 
honour. Tbe test or y*. 111., In 1«TS, la repeated In thn 
f;«iUt'tle U(d>r timj J'tftlmtti, Frankfurt, 1578, p. lie, 
in Freylinghautien's G. R., 1161% Burst's S. B., ed. ISIS, 
ITo. BK1, ic. 'ITiO trt. are : — (ti " Outne, nappy bear tij 
death, and el™?," I!? Dr. 67. WrtM*r, ISC*, p. a(. (2) 
" O eome, dehsbtful hour of death." By Dr. if, Walter, 
1861, p. ioe. 

Hi, Waa mi*k mf 4t»ter Welt botriiht. Harthly 
Fmuficf Thia hymn, on denunciation of the World, 
let appeared In 1676, as above, So. it-, in 4 st. of 10 1., 
and entitled " From Ibe World to God" flepeatad In the 
C'tuWittf /.itdtr laid /^dlmen, Frantturt, 1610, p. 15C j 
Forai's <;, a., ed- W*, l*o, Tei, i=o. It has soiuetlmes 
been erconeouFily ascribed to Michael Fialoek (p. SAS, j.). 
tt fa tr. «s " The Tfoefl that weifh my l*dy duirn." By 
JfTri Sfvnttigtmi, 1BE3, p. 32. ("J. M.l 

Selnsredler, Johann Christoph, s. of 
Ant*n Schwedler, farmer and rami mugistrate 
at Krobsdorf, near Liiwcnberg-, in Bilesia, -was 



BCMWEINITZ, H. C. VOK 

b. at Krobsdorf, Dec 21, \$7% and matri- 
culated at the University of Leipzig, in 1095 
(h.A. 1697). In 169* he was appointed 
assistaut minister at Niederwieae, neat Greif- 
fonbexg, and began his duties there on the 
18th 8. after Trinity. On the death of the 
diaconua, Christoph Adolph, ho atweeeded 
him as diaconnB, in December, 1698 ; and, 
finally, in 1701, he became pastor there. He 
d. at Hiederwieee, suddenly, during the night 
of Jon. 12, 17oU (S. J. Ebthwfdfa Frv&y- 
terohgie ScMeniem, 1780-89, vol. iii., pt. ii., 
p. 254; Koeli, v. 2S5, &c) 

tjchwedler was * pointful And popular preAehar, and 
peculiarly gifted in prays*. It 1b Bald that sometimes, 
beginning service fit E or 8 Jt.if., he. mrald continue the. 
service to relay* wio in suewssf™ ailed Uia chirrch, till 
2 or 3 f.w. Ha also founded hi orphanage st HiedeT- 
vkn. Ho wna a nni neighbour and great Mend of 
Joiuma lltnttM (p. TO*, u.) and K, L. Ton Zinundorf. 
As * bymn-wrfier he was useful and popular. Tbe 
principal theme of his hymna was the Grace of God 
throirgli Christ, lad tba Joyful arandeiice imparled to 
Ibe soul that experienced, It. 0fhlahymna,4& appeared 
In his Bit Litdet Hfnt uni del Lomut, Oder Hen tin- 
fftridititt* OiMire-Btlch, Budlssln, 17!0. Nos, 344-WH. 
Others are. in bis ifrf*#»(lKfce iras8f-jttniad.£, 1713, In 
his virions uavotunml ittukt. And In Hit hynin*boot;s of 
the period. 

Tho only hymn by Schwedlcr Ir. into Eog- 
lish is; — 

Wollt Ihr wissen was main Praia t JeSMS tht 
Crucified, or Zmw to Christ. Founded on 1 Cor. 
ii. 2, and Gal. vi. 14. Included in the Jfirttf}- 
berg Q. 3., 174], No. 233* in 6 st. of 4 I., and 
the refrain, "Jesus, der Gckreuiigte." This 
form is repeated, with his name, in burg's it. S., 
Bresliu, 174l>, No. J27 ; iind is in many recent 
Collections, us the Berlin 0. X. £7, «d. 1863, 
Nn, 2SE, It ws* long tha usual funeral hymn 
in Silesia. The /rj. in C. U. are : — 

t, A*k ye what f*bi thing I in™. By Dr. 
Kennedy, in his Ifymn. CApist., 18U3, No. 620, 
being a goad r>. of sL L— v., with a sixth st. sug- 
gested by st. vi, of the German. It is repeated, 
in fall, in Thring** Coll, 1882 ; and in SehabVs 
Cttrisf id iSwd, 1869 and 1870. Abridged forms 
are ia Morall and How's Ps. $ Hys., 1&!4; J. 
L, Porter's Coil., 1S76; and in America, in the 
Dutch Bcf. Jrjrj?. o/ tie Church, 1&69 j Jb^*, 
Proisa St., 1871 ; Zdlitin Domini, N. ¥., 1S8+, 
And others. 

t. Do job ua: vhkt most I prise f This irt a 
fsirly close version, omitting st. vi., Us Mo. 98, 
in tho Moroeiaa H. Bi., 1S8S. [J, JIJ 

SolniTQinltz, Hana Chriotoph tod, 
of Friedrichsdorf and Niederlenbe, b. of 
Baron Hans Chri&topli Ton Schweinitr, of 
Crane and Hatuiichen, in SLleaia, whs b. at 
Crane, Feb. 1, 1G45. After studying at 
Brcslau, Strftssbnrr, Le-yden, and Paris, and 
taking a prolonged tour in Italy and else- 
where, ho retained to Silesia in IGoS, where he 
was appointed LftfideB'iiltester for the district 
of GSr'itz, and afterwards Bath and Kara- 
merlirrr, by August it., iu iiis capacity of 
King of Poland and Elector of Saxony. Ho 
resigned Ilia post as Lnudcailteattr, in 17o8, 
and retired to Lenbe, ■where ho d. Nov. 10, 
1722 (G. P. Otto's Lexicon . . . Oberlaimii- 
isen«* Safrrifttfeibr, iii,, p. 257, ic> Only 
two hyrena are knoim by him. One of theae 
in ; — 

TKrf du nitht Tnoda *eial Sternal Life. This 
tnntUul hvnin. en the Jots of Heaven, sraa written ™ 
tilt death of sis Hret wife, TIikJoti von Srtiweinll: (nt* 



SCOTT, ELIZABETH 1019 

T* sSwibem). II w»s first primed, u a broijEieit, it 
Liubtn, In itsi, b-llh uiu4c in I ptns, ]iy Chrislujib 
Adolpl], di^DCmns at Ainl?rKl£flc,uho d. In leflri T^iElody 
from Ihig broadghwt in IJr. J, Zahii r B J'dal^r VMtt fiarfe, 

leeflj rro, say, rhc bmwIiliMt, ot nfhich llwre 1* • 
wpy in llie Tomi Library tt B'e»'«« , is entitled Dt » 
FsdJot J,i*f*«Wefis;. 4*., And hae. the note ;— " Tht 1i>l- 
lawing hymn wm cempesed fnan tltc lute (ran von 
&hveiuhVs own wotJe. 4Dd fnan & eonv^rutioTL she 
held, sliortly before her happy end. And n aung attf r 
the end «t lite [runeralj acnuon." Tfaehjmn wis In- 
cluded ill J. O. Hch^edler'a Li&lsr Mine, 1?4*. Ko. S95 
<mmrtedBa' i Oii thadeatiiof 1 little tbild. Juh.Obriet. 
Ton Schwelniti "3, aud in (lie Berlin a. £, S. ed. 1663, 
No. 1 H3S. It i> In E at. [>f e 1. The ir. in C. U. is :— 

Till that not joyful he) This Is a full and ¥ery gwd 
fr., hy Mrs. Findluter, In J/. /<. JL, lit £«r„ Iftbl, p. 1 
(1864, p. ia) ; repeated, In full, in Ep, Kyle's OM., into, 
and, emitting «, 111, In the amerluu .Sabbath S. Jilt., 
1343. Smmu 4.-iv., altered. And beginning, « Ob, ibAl 
will Joyful be," ate in IV. 0. Bridbutj'e {tittltit chain, 
N.T., 1861 (ed. 1870, p, 48). Anelltfj tr. is, "Will It 
net Ble&eure ba." Dy Jf. if, Jfi^t, UJ*J (laee, p. tit). 

[J, HJ 

Scott, BUadbath, dangnier of the Rev. 
Thomas Soott, Independent Minister at Nor* 
wtch, and sister of Thomas Scott, noted Mow, 
was b. at Norwich about 170S. Id 1751 tho 
was rnarried to ElushaWilllatna, who had been 
from 172G to 1739 Rector of Yale College. 
U.S. A., and with him she proceeded to Con- 
necticut, On the destfh of Mr. Williams she 
was married to the Hod. William Smith, of 
Kew Tfork, who also iiredcceased her. She 
died at Wethcrafield, Connecticut, June I3tli, 
1778. Id connection with Miss Scott'e livmns 
we are acqiuibted directly And indirectly with 
four MBS., each of which is interesting in itself. 
These ore as follows :— 

L Tha titt »s- fa tn the library of Tf»te Cvlleg«. Uew 
Haven, CoDnartini.it, Jlr. >ruiklln Dowdlleii DemeT, 
h.a., AislstADt Librarian, hae tabul*ted (he hymns in 
tbts MS. (or tliia DiclionrlTf. He baj* (Jan. a», 1S&B): 
"The lAbel on tho bKk of tliis volume la 'Hymiis & 
PoelnS Dy Eliz. Scott,' Tbcrt ia nr> title tQ the MS. 
bAgcS. l^efised to the lEymna and I^iEbiB therE ia, 
however, A Inhg and ^erv tenderly written dedication 
(In prose) * To my modi Eever'd, modi Luv'd, Father,' 
tbla aljucd ■ E. S. And dAted ] 74 a. Then follows (with- 
out numbers) tlio Hymna with tills* And firat lines m» 
below." Mr. Deittr Adda on the flrat lines and the 
titles of 90 hyniia. 

II. The swsmil kb. Is In our posmsslon. It Is headed 
" Foems on Several Oeuekmi by Mlea Scott of Noraieb, 
who married lo Mr. Williams of Hew Eogltnil, JsnuAry 
1TS0/1." Then folinwlE bymns Infuli: At tie end 
this IgnTltten, "Those Iransorlbed from Mrs. WllllAros' 
Manuscript, Heb. st, 175 1, the week beft»* sho left 
Norwich to E" to New England." Tbe whole of t\«*a 
w byune are la tbe Vale (Iillega hs. 

iii. The third at., w* have conmlted oontalna H 
hymns which arc prefaced wtlh tbew wards, u Copi<:il 
frufn a book OF Mrs. Dory's, written by her Aunt Mtflfi 
Elualxtb ttoott, Attet-tiards Mrs. IV i Liinueun ." Of these 
hymns s Are In the Yale College sts, and : not therein, 
viz. :— (i) "Avlie and hail the happy [iseced] dAy" 
(j. It, 1.), tod "Hail, Klnu supreme, all vise and 
Udod," both of which are jlven anonynnjusly In the 
rjnitarfan Jftw (Jul. of Ii. for lite Cue of a Ossf. of 
Proiiitant SfLntnttr&in LiveiTxel, commonly luichwn es 
J»s Uuc]}wl Liturgy, pub. fn ijes, Crawemlng the 
amhorshlp of these twQhynana tliere it great doubt. 

iv. In Dr. Dodd'a Chriitiatt'i Magatini f(rr I>ec. I7fl3 
we find a writer who signs liimss.lf '*OL— T." He had 
at that time a hs. of Mlns Scott's hymns with a Dedica- 
tion to her lithe r prellKed (hereto and signed " Elii 
Ec— tt." FVom Ihia ua, lie aent H1 Why droupa my eoul 
viih guilt opi>rcEEed ^ (t^frut, tfte Great I'hjfaicfan*) to 
the Dee. ndmbor of tbe nrsKuine ; " Evil And ft^w r>ur 
inortul dAjTi " (Vanity t\f Aunuin i^/c), to the feb. 
number, 1164, and " WbAt finite power villi ceaseless 
ttiil" (JVdfie fot KMp6fal J?IcUi"kJsJ, to tha April 
nnmher of tire aauie year. At the clobe uf I he last hymn 
he says In a note?— "iN.ll. "As some of your OnrrE.- 
apondentA have at?nt yoo aame pleeea ont of the aamu 
collection, from nhlcJi thpee are transcribed, |Emt Z have 
undertaken to E?nd yon (e.g. that on Goo, xvli. 7^ ft 
were to he -wished, if they should do the like again, that 
iliey would jigniiy if here they are." 



1020 



BCOTT, JACOB K, 



1]K hynm nterrdl to Id this note It, "QfBtt Odd, TtiJ 
penetrating; eja' J (Wod jHroadiitfr att lAin^s), vittch 
appeared in the January number otUiB Ckrittian Mag., 
ITtf*, witbont signatory or acknowledgment of any Kbid. 
All these hymns art bl Inn Yale College Ha. 

From these facta it id clear that before 
deporting fur America Mies Scott allowed 
copies of Iict hymns to bo made from her m M 
end it was mainly from these copies that those 
of her hymns composed before her marriage 
wears printed in the English hyuur-bonks. 
None of those hymns date Inter than 1750. 
The collections in which they appeared, 
and through which they came into C U., 
were the Bristol Bap. Celt of Ash and 
Evans, 1769, and the flete Sel. Jtc, by J. 
Dobell, 1S0G. In Ath and Esant there are 
19 hymns, signed "S.," all of which are in 
tlie Vole Oolles* msl under the same first 
lined except " Was it fot man, apostate man 7" 
but this also may possibly be then under 
another first line. In DotmH there ore BO 
hymns signed H Scott," of which 17 we in the 
Yale College jus,, £ are parts of hymns from 
Jaft and Emm, also in Ulat lis.. and "Sole 
Sovereign of the earth mm! skies," also pro- 
bably' in the ua. nhdet another first line. Of 
the 90 hymns in the Tale va^ in addition to 
those annotated elsewhere in this Dictionary 
(see Indtx of AuthoM aid TnmaUt«i^ there are 
also in C. U. : — 
L From Ash nnd Evans's OoR. o/Symnt, 1709. 

1. God of Sly life, to The* belongs. Oft RtesmtrT) 
ftmn. Sicltit'U. 

S, JMy God, alm)l E few erer monrn? CVwRan£~£?^N 
<fc|T ffvd. From this " Shall e'er the shade™ of a 
(binge P" Is taken (*t. HI.). 

5. When Abnm full or sacred aw«. Jhr a Tiut Day. 
Sometimes, ■' That Aoram, foil of acred awe." 

*. Why, my bean, these anxious sire* P Submit* 
lion. 
11. From J. Dobell's .New j&sfeofum, Ac., 1808. 

I. Due we Indulge to wrath end strift 7 Jjufrul 
Brail. 

6. Eternal Spirit, 'twu Thy breath. W&iituntidt. 

7. Forever shall my filiating aouL AffainU grUvinff 
the Jfo/y ^rfrif. Sometimes '* £jjrd, and shall uui 
lUutingsoitfB?" 

s. Great God, Thy penetrating eye. Old ^R and 

9. The filliping Bptngjes of the sty. rA* Utrcitt ttf 
dad. 

IH. Thy bnuntiet, giacloo* Laid. OtfVrtor'y. 

11. Wbere'w tfae Laid (ball build nw house, ftmilu 
JUiffUm. [J. J.] 

Scott, Jacob Richardson, *as b. in 
Boston, Massachusetts, March 1, 1814, and 
graduated in Arts at Brenu University 1856, 
and in Theology at Newton Theological Col- 
lege, 1S42, tie entered the Baptist ministry 
m IMS, and was successively located at 
Petersburg, Virginia; Portland, Maine; at 
Fall River, Massachusetts; and Yonkers, 
New Yori. He d, Deo. 10, ISfll. His hymn 
" To Thee this temple wo devote " (Dedication 
of a Place of tVorshiv) was contributed to 
2nd Ptalmitt, 1S43. It is found in Several 
American hymn-books. [F. M. B.] 

Soott, Thomas, s. of Thomas Scott, 
Independent Minister at Norwich, brother of 
Elizabeth Scott (see above), and nephew nt 
Dr. Daniel Scott, was b, at Norwich, 170J. 
As a young man be kept a school at Wortwell, 
and preached ence a month at Harlcston, 
Norfolk. Then, after a short ministry at 
Lowestoft, he removed in 173* to Ipswich as 
eo-psator with Mr, Baxter of the Freabyterlan 



SCOTTISH HYMNODY 

con^teeation meeting in St. Nicholas Street 
ClmpeL On the death or hid senior in 1740 
he became sole pastor. In 1774 he retired to 
Hapten, and d. there in 1775. He was (he 
anther of various poetical works, including : — 
fl) IV JWJt (jf Ct&ti; or, iH Pieturt qf Human 
Uft, in.£*ffi<& rtrn, with Motet, 1164 : (31 The JSx* 
o/ >>W, in JfrfKth Yerte ; (rfltwiiUoJ /"/m the original 
If&rew. with Kevmrkt. iftjlomirf. Critical, ami J5r- 
ptanalay. 1111 % Snd ed. 1713 ; (J) Lyric Pacini, tot* 
TKimnJ and Hdtat. Sy Thsmat Scott, lopA,, James 
ihicfcbmd, 1713. 

To Dr. Enfield's Hyramfor rvhlJc Worship, 
Warrington, 1772, he contributed "All-know- 
ing God, 'tis Thine to know ( j. 41, ii.) ; "Angels 1 
roll the rock sway " (j, (9, i,) ; " As voiioos as 
tlie moon " (j. tl, U.) ; and the following : — 

1. Abe'Drd SDd ^Ain attempt ta bind. Persecution* 

i. BehaM & wretch in w«. Mtr<y, 

X. Impostare itulslta Jrom light. Private Judgment, 
itt Fiaku anil t?ntitt. 

i. Murk, when ttoipeslnoos wtuds arise, suhmit. 

6. O come: nil ye sons et Ainta wA tilst Uniutrtal 
I'raitt U> Of/d. 

6. Tb' uplifted ere and liended lot*. Detrition tain 
«ftt«* Virtue. 

I. ITts jitide. tlia, e'er nude tbr nun r Atwtfity. 

e. Why ao I thus perplex! WoriiiJjijHitawJyrjrriraai 

In his Preface to his Lyrio JPoemt, 1773, he 
said that the object of his work was : — 

" To form a iind of HUIc WKtkaJ STStoll of pfety md 
mDnUa, Tlie work opens rftft n»tu™l rellikn. Tbence 
II proceeds to the minion of Jtwis Christ, hie Buffeting!, 
I>la e.mlmkn. anid tlie proposition of bis ductriae, 
Noit Is the call to repmtinre, tie mtnre and bleued- 
neu vt a christian life, and the entrance into it, These 
tDpice are euocealad by the vardooe brAnelieB &f de- 
vctfon t alter which aie ranked the moral duties, perwrAl 
and eoclal, the happy end of a sincere christian, and the 
coming c-f Jems CbrWtoBnlsh his mediatorial kingdom 
by the general Judjnnent. The whole is cIchw) with a 
doscrlption ftf the ilCnatTloua times, when by meAna 4f 
the e?erlas4|nB Eoanel H the earth shall be [iill of tlie 
knowledge o[ tha Lord as tha waten cover UK S*«»" 

Of Scott' fl letter known hymns this volume 
contained most of those named above, and ; — 
9. Hasten, Binner, to be wise. p. isS, ii, 
ID. Who, gracious Father, can complain I The Dioinc 
iKn?eafot£on. 

In the CoU, of Syt. and J 1 *^ Ac, 1795, by 
Kippis, Eeos, and others, several *f the above 
were repeated, nnd the following were new : — 

II. If.blgn or low oar ststiun lie. Juitict. 

12, Happy tha meet whose gentle breast. MaJsnett. 

Doctrinally Scott might be described as an 
evangelical Arian. Hymns of his appear in 
most of the old Presbyterian collections at the 
dote of the last century, and in the early Uni- 
tarian collections. Several ore still in C. U, 
in G. Britain and Amciica. [V. D. D-] 

Scott, Sir Walter, Bart, was b. in 
Edinburgh, Aug. 15, 1771, and d, at Abbots- 
ford, Sept. 21, 1832. Although so Successful 
and widely known as a poet, he made no 
direct contributions lo hymnody whatever. 
His condensed rendering of the " Dies Irae " 
(p. 1ST, U.\ and his hymn of Bebecca in Jran- 
fto*, "When Israel of the Lord beloved" 
(gj.v.) were utilized as hymns for congrega- 
tional use by others, but were never intended 
for such a purpose by himself. His work and 
rank as pcet, novelist, and historian ate fully 
set forth in his Life by J. (J. Locklutrt. [J, J.] 

Scottish Hytnnody. After the Befor- 
m&ticn in Scotland, the repulsion from the 
Roman Church and its services led at once to 
the establishment of services in the vernacular. 
At on the Continent recourse was naturally 



SCOTTISH HYMNODY 

had to the PtaUer, and, as easiest for popular 
uw and also aa reckoned neuter to the Hebrew 
structure, the metrical Psalni instead or the 
prose Psalm chanted. Metrical Psalmody 
nat the only pact of Divine worship in which 
the congregations la the Scottish Churches 
vocally joined till at least 174$, and in the 
three principal sections of Fresbytetianiani the 
flinging of hymns, other than the Paraphraies 
of 1741-51, did not become at oil general till 
after 1852 in Ihe United Presbyterian Church, 
after 1870 in the Established Church, and 
after 1873 iti the Free Church. Consequently 
the use of the Hebrew Psalter has had a 
mighty influence upon the Scottish mind and 
heart 

In tracing the history of Scottish. Metrical 
Psalmody And Hymnody we find six stages:— 
I. The Preparatory ; it The Putter of 1564- 
65 ; 1IL lis PtaUer of 1C50: IV, Btriptvre 
Song*, 1564-1708; V. Ths Trantlaliant and 
Paraphram, 17*1^81 ; TL The Hymnal*. 

I. The Preparatory Stage. 

The early congregational psalmody of Scot- 
land found its example* and much of its mate- 
rials in the work begun on the Continent by 
Marot, and in England by Btemhold. 

i. Clement Harot had begun translating 
the Ftaabos about 1533, and seems to hare 
completed his first SO ventcrd Id 1589. but 
djd not himself publish them till 134:2, at 
Paris, as Trente JWkIctW* de Dauid. Mean- 
time John Calvin, then in exile at Straas- 
burg, had included in hii JuJowm Pteaitmet et 
GaHMgwH, 1539, 12 of the Marot versions, but 
in the form given to them by Pierre Alexandre, 
who having obtained xs. copies of JHarot'e 
Psalms made considerable alterations in the 
text, and published tho whole 30 along with 
15 by various authors as Ptalmee d